Digital Design - Module 01 Semester 1, 2018 Shelley Mao
912829 Chelle Yang, Studio 1
Reading: Zeara Polo, A. 2010. Between Ideas and Matters.
According to Zeara-Polo, the diagram does not play a representational role in the design process but provides an organisational and can have a performative quality depending on how it is deployed. Explain how Diagram is different from Signs and Symbols? (100 words Maximum)
Signs and symbols express the qualities, functions and properties of which groups they represent (religious, political etc.) In architectural processes, they enable relationships between ideas and form. However, signs and symbols do not express the relationship between form and its pragmatism as diagrams do. Rather than playing a representational role in a design work, diagrams provides a prescription to the performance of a design. This can express metric information and/or arbitrary factors suggested within the design such as mood, circulation etc. In a sense, diagrams yield spatial correlation between formwork and a variety of factors depending on what is being deployed.
Figure 1: Trace of plan view Figure 2: Projection of traces to relevant heights (Isometric view) Figure 3: Generating surfaces to create the 3D model (isometric view) Figure 1. Barkow Leibinger, Serpentine Summer House, 2016.
3D modelling of Leibinger’s Serpentine Summer House (figure 1) was produced in steps. FIrstly, tracing of the plan view with the assistance of the command ‘ribbon’ to create a surface for the traces (figure 2). Then utilising the elevation drawings of the Summer House, replicated a second set of the trace and put different layers (indicated by different colours) to their prescribed heights (figure 3). Finally the 3D model was generated by using the comman ‘loft’ between related curves (figure 4).
Reading: Hertzberger H. 2005. The in-between and The Habitable Space Between Things, from Lessons for Students in Architecture. Herzberger discusses how design should not be extreme in its functionality. Use your precedent study to explain how the pavilion allows for an appropriation of use. (100 words Maximum)
Herzberger discusses the idea of functionality in a design space and how it can suggest a multitude of functions rather than to be extreme and prescribe a specific performance. Barkow Leibingerâ€™s Serpentine Summer House project in 2016 suggests potential performances within its space rather than specifiying actions as Herzberger discussed upon. Leibingerâ€™s project contains area of seating in which an individual my sit on or against, lay upon or even utilise as a table as the space is within an informal setting of a park. It also provides a threshold in which people may take shelter or socialise within.
Barkow Leibinger’s Serpentine Summer House Isometric The isometric of Barkow Leibinger’s Serpentine Summer House (2016) contains an intricate design style created with an abundance of curves stretching through various directions. The modelling process consisted of utilising the plan and elevation drawings of the building to trace various components; seats, walls and two intricate roofing structures. These traces were then duplicated, risen to their prescribed heights and adjusted (via ‘PointsOn’). Afterwards, the command ‘loft’ was input between all the related curves. The final isometric drawing shows the view in which our naked eye would visualise; this is indicated by the heavier and darker line weights. In addition, hidden features of the structure has also been added in to express a deeper understanding to its form. These lines are much lighter and thinner, and can be considered as the ‘hidden lines’. To clarify the drawing a bit further, shadows have been painted onto one side of each structual roof component to distringuish the folds and the bends that the roof follows. Leibinger’s Summer House has an interesting definition of its circulation and threshold. The primary function of the construction is essentially for rest and minimal movement. Hence, the circulation shape and pathways tend to mimic the shape of the seating arrangement as the seats are the primary functional feature of the summer house. This is also due to the fact that there is no specific threshold, in a way that every angle is considered an opening, somewhat suggesting that one has entered its threshold/space when under its roof. These concepts are provided by the key concept of arbitrary shapes that the house has utilised in its design, its constructual purpose of rest and its design tactic in forming a circular base.
Week Two Diagrams
The circulation space of the design work is defined by the shades of blue circulation around the seats and walls, where darker shades indicate higher density and arrows suggest potential movement.
The privacy of the thresholds are expressed by the darker shades of grey. The shapes within the threshold diagram represent the spaces in which certain factors of the building project. The Blue space indicates an unroofed space but enclosed within its sides.
1. Tracing architecture components off plan view
2. Duplicating curves and rising to prescribed heights. Alongside adjusting control points in elevation views.
4. ‘Loft’ relating curves to form 3D model (Isometric view)
3. ‘Ribbon’ curves. (Isometric view)
Final model in monochronmatic colours (Isometric view)
Final Isometric Process
Roof structre 1 (2D)
Flattened 2D of model Hidden lines: structural components projected in one form (lines weights adjusted) Roof structure 2 (2D)
Shadows extracted from 2D image
2D model + shadows + hidden lines = Final isometric model
Threshold of roof structure 1 Circulation space
Threshold of roof structure 2
Threshold of walls
Combined thresholds; creating distinct areas of different levels of privacy (grey shades). The blue shade indicates only being enclosed by sidepieces of structure.
Circulation space indicated by the various shades of blue for which the darker areas indicate denser space occupation. Arrows express the movement of an individual within this space.
Threshold of seating area
Circulation space + circulation patheays (arrows)
Seating area; where circulation situates around