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Life in the West Kootenay/Boundary Region


Fly fishing and fly fishers in the Kootenay Boundary


Ridgeline Metal Works melds the practical with the artistic

Sweet Temptation Handmade, locally produced chocolates are the ultimate pleasure

Positive Partnerships In partnership with Columbia Basin Trust, Columbia Power owns the Arrow Lakes Generating Station, Brilliant Dam & Expansion and along with a third partner, Fortis Inc., the Waneta Expansion Project that is expected to be operational in 2015. Through our commitment to the community we have created informative viewing areas at each of these facilities including interpretive signage. We encourage you to visit our viewing areas and learn more about hydropower generation in the West Kootenay. Waneta Expansion Project

Brilliant Dam

Arrow Lakes Generating Station

Brilliant Expansion

Ge Reclamation Area

C o lu m

b ia R iv er Reclamation Area

Trail Highway 22A

Viewing Area

Waneta Expansion Project

Waneta/U.S. Border Crossing

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n Pe

'O dd

Waneta Dam





ROUTE 3 Spring 2014

Arrow Lakes Generating Station

Viewing Area

to Nelson

Picnic Area & F i s h e r m a n ’s Hut

Hugh Keenleyside Dam

C o lu

m b ia

Highway 3A

for more information please contact:

Broadwater Road R iv e

Viewing Area



to Trail


e ot

Brilliant Dam& Expansion






250.304.6060 @columbiapower

Viewing Area

A Home for All Seasons

Nelson Commons offers the best of urban living in our beautiful mountain community. We have a wide selection of units available to purchase - contact us for more information.

1-3 bedroom units still available • Right in the heart of downtown Nelson • Energy efficient contemporary design • Beautiful

Arrow Lakes enerating Station

Picnic Area & F i s h e r m a n ’s Hut

Hugh Keenleyside Dam

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Broadwater Road R iv e

Viewing Area










A project of the Kootenay Co-op to Trail

Brilliant Dam& Expansion

“It’s not hard to decipher how this tiny town in the middle of nowhere was voted the best ski town in North America by skiers” - Powder Magazine “Given its setting on Kootenay Lake, in the heart of a mountain range, Nelson is an outdoor enthusiast’s dream” - LA Times

mountain and lake views

Visit our Display Suite & Sales Office at 621 Vernon St, 12:00 to

5:00, Wednesday to Sunday (or call to book an appointment)

t: 250 352 5847 follow this project on facebook

“This small town will make you reassess what you think civilization should be like” - The Guardian “Up here, it’s all about community: Networking takes place on the sidelines of the kids’ soccer field, folks tend to boycott big chain stores, and if you choose work over family here, you stick out” - Sunset Magazine Spring 2014 ROUTE 3

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ROUTE 3 Spring 2014


PUBLISHER Karen Bennett

Men of Metal by Jim Sinclair


Ridgeline Metal Works melds the practical with the artistic, page 7

Kiomi Tucker

Caught Up in the Cast by Jim Bailey

EDITOR & ART DIRECTOR Shelley Ackerman

An introduction to fly fishing and fly fishers in the Kootenay/Boundary, page 10

ROUTE 3 is published by Black Press

Living Co-operatively by Sam Van Schie

250-442-2191 or 1-877-443-2191 Box 700, 7330 2nd Street Grand Forks, B.C. V0H 1H0

The Nelson Commons development brings convenient, high-density condos to downtown Nelson, page 15

Printed in Canada on recyclable paper. Copyright 2014 by Black Press. All rights reserved. Reproduction of any article, photograph, or artwork without written permission of the publisher is strictly forbidden. The publisher can assume no responsibility for unsolicited material.

Sweet Temptation by Timothy Schafer Handmade, locally produced chocolates are the ultimate pleasure, page 18

Cover photo by Shelley Peachell,

Q&A with Ted Fogg, gallery 2 by Craig Lindsay, page 25

Trish Dyer of Mountain Nugget Chocolate Company in Rossland

The Cascade Cemetery by Greg Nesteroff, page 29


“At Kootenay Savings, they don’t just understand my financial picture. They understand me.”

Let’s talk money. When you sit down with a Kootenay Savings financial advisor, you’re talking to someone who understands more than money. We understand your dreams and goals and we’re committed to helping you make them a reality. We promise you a better banking experience. Let’s talk today.

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TIDBITS – a taste of what’s happening in the West Kootenay/Boundary Friendly. Healthy. Community owned.


Thursday, Apr 10 Rossland Miners’ Hall

organic produce hundreds of bulk items prepared foods fresh meat & seafood grocery vitamins & supplements


May 8–11 Various Locations In Trail Main stage music entertainment, carnival rides, a parade, bocce competitions and more. Five days and nights of fun, food and entertainment.

healthy bodycare products


NEW STORE HOURS! in effect as of March 30, 2014

Open seven days a week: 7:30am - 9pm

Saturday, May 10 200 Block Of Baker St 60 booths of veggies, flowers, perennials and annuals, shrubs and bulbs, and many items to spruce up your gardens, patios, walkways and decks. garden-fest SILVERTON FARMERS MARKET

Kootenay Co-op 295 Baker St, Nelson t: 250 354 4077

vis it us on line :



Weekly from Saturday May 10 to Oct 11 9:00 am-1:00 pm at Town Square Park on the corner of Main & Fiske in downtown Silverton. SS MOYIE OPEN HOUSE

Sunday, May 11 324 Front St, Kaslo Step back in time on-board the SS Moyie. Enjoy an interpretive tour of the ship and site. KASLO MAY DAYS CELEBRATION

May 16–18 Downtown Kaslo Annual May Pole Dance performed by 1st graders, Logger Sports Competition, Sk8Park Demonstration, Show N Shine Antique Car Show, and more! 5TH ANNUAL CASTLEGAR GARDEN AND NATURE FEST

Saturday, May 17 Castlegar Community Complex Open air festival of plants and gardens, art, farming and more! Page 6

ROUTE 3 Spring 2014


Weekly from Saturday May 17 to Oct 25 Cottonwood Falls Park,Nelson Over 40 vendors selling fresh produce, fresh juice, eggs, honey, local natural meats, homebrewed root beer, and a great selection of prepared foods. cottonwood-market TECK MAD HATTER TEA

Saturday, Jun 14 Teck Guest House, Tadanac Tickets $10 available May 21 to June 7 at Casa di Cioccolato, 1346 Bay Ave., Trail CASTLEGAR SUNFEST

June 6–8 The Festival in the Park opens in Kinsman Park, with dozens of food and merchandise vendors and a variety of activities and entertainment. artistvenue/castlegar-sunfest DOWNTOWN NELSON LOCAL MARKET

Weekly from Wednesday Jun 11 to Sept 24 400 Block Of Baker St Offering an amazing mix of local produce, plants, prepared foods, body care, and hand-made arts and crafts. nelson-downtown-local-market GALLERY 2 30TH ANNIVERSARY

Saturday, Jun 21 For a schedule of events, keep watch at GRAND FORKS INTERNATIONAL BASEBALL TOURNAMENT

June 25–30 Twelve teams playing 25 great games of baseball over six days, competing for $54,000 in prize money. See tomorrow’s stars today. Fun for the whole family!


MEN OF METAL Ridgeline Metal Works melds the practical with the artistic


Jim Sinclair

he styles and techniques of artistic expression are all but limitless and it’s only through understanding that any of them can be fully appreciated. Certain kinds of art, however, are combined with a practical application and that’s partly how James Karthein got a leg up on the way to becoming a successful metal working artist. More and more of Karthein’s work is showing up — much of it created in collaboration with his colleague and friend, Kevin Kratz — and much of it in highly conspicuous public locations. Beautifully designed and crafted pieces such as the “Patient Hunter,” a steel likeness of a blue heron (named People’s Choice winner in the 2012 Castlegar Sculpturewalk) and a striking sculpture of two nine-foot sturgeons surrounded by Kokanee salmon along a street in downtown Revelstoke, are adding to a growing portfolio for the talented and imaginative pair. ➤



Above: James Karthein is a successful metal-working artist based out of Krestova. Below: "Patient Hunter" – 2012 Castlegar Sculpturewalk People’s Choice winner.

Spring 2014 ROUTE 3

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Clockwise from bottom left: James Karthein, second from left, and Kevin Kratz, second from right, receive the People’s Choice award at the 2012 Castlegar Sculpturewalk. Timber framed house with railings, Slocan, B.C. One of the Revelstoke sturgeons after four years of weathering. Copper eyebrow with copper and steel roses on a home in Christina Lake.

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ROUTE 3 Spring 2014

Having learned to weld as a young man in his native southern Ontario, James found employment in the fabrication of bicycle frames. After two years, then some travelling, he made his way to Whistler, B.C. where he worked in the creation of titanium bike frames. His employer, Maurice Lavoie of Pemberton Valley Metal Works, who also taught James how to create railings and other components of structural ironworking, is credited as Karthein’s “greatest mentor.” As it happened, a dip in the demand for bikes coincided with a surge in orders for railings and other fabricating work, and they kept very busy. “Eventually I moved on from there and moved to the Kootenays, amassing tools the best I could,” James said in a mid-February interview. He didn’t show up by accident as his older brother was living in New Denver at the time. A winter-long visit was enough to sell him on the area and the change of pace from Whistler was a welcome one. It would not be long before James would cross paths with Kratz, another transplant from the Toronto area and someone who shared the love of working with metal. The two hit it off right away. “He’s just a huge part of my whole metal thing,” says Karthein of his colleague. “He’s presently the blacksmith teacher at KSA (Kootenay Studio Arts) at Selkirk College.” The teaching role consumes about a third of Kratz’s year with much of the remainder available for various projects concocted and completed

with Karthein. There’s a tremendous amount of job satisfaction for guys like these whose work has been so well-recognized — Castlegar’s heron and Revelstoke’s sturgeon, for a couple of examples. “It was huge for us,” he related during a prelunch break in the work day, citing the financial, artistic and personal rewards involved. He says the works are ongoing sources of gratification for him and his family. “We always stop by and go for a visit and check it (the sturgeon) out. It’s just always going to be there and we’re really proud of it.” Today, with wife Tammy Lee Strauss and twoyear-old son Jasper Strauss-Karthein, James is residing and working on a picturesque property in Krestova... not far from Kratz’s home. He’s got a well-stocked shop and a number of buildings including, interestingly, a certified commercial kitchen. The setting is ideal, providing him and another talented young craftsman named Eric MacLellan with an environment well-suited to creative productivity. It should be mentioned that high on Karthein’s list of attributes would have to be adaptability. He doesn’t necessarily need to push the artistic side too much, because his company, Ridgeline Metal Works can supply so many other products — everything from towel racks and candle holders, to belt buckles — virtually anything useful that can be made of metal. They can also do vari-


ous structural repairs… ”broken the description needs to be at trailers, sled decks and just about this early stage. anything you can think of,” James The equally personable Kratz points out. relates that the work of his life The day I paid a visit to the had come naturally: shop, for example, Eric was work“My dad ran a tool and ing on special souvenir belt buckdie making business... metal les for the Whitewater Ski Resort engraving and stuff,” he near Nelson. Whatever a customer recalled. “And I wasn’t a genius may desire, James is eager to hear at school... so when I was 17 I about it. Another prominent and started working for him. I’ve lasting testament to the skill of been a metal worker for over 30 Karthein and Kratz is the railing years now.  outside the popular Oso Negro “It was a pleasure to meet up Café in Nelson. with James here in the Koo“The biggest part of my style is tenays because our skills kind to do... flow and function,” states of meshed nicely. He’s such a James. “We really like things to have wonderful guy... we get along so Life-size metal maple trees grace the opening of a metal art show at the Rossland a reason as well as to look sharp.” well. Working with James when Art Gallery, which featured many Ridgeline pieces. When it comes to commisI’m not teaching has been such sioned work, Karthein says the bulk of the time lector when called for. a pleasure. Two guys working in a shop... with between order and completion is thoroughly Projects devoted to their artistic tendencies skills... is like three guys working, sometimes.” clarifying what is desired by the customer. From are clearly labours of love, and the love of na“There are quite a few metal workers in the that point on the process is relatively quick. ture, specifically animals, is readily apparent. area with amazing skills,” concluded James. Further to the topic of versatility... Karthein Their next crack at Castlegar’s increasingly “There’s a talent pool that’s unlike anywhere is well aware of  the need to excel in more prestigious Sculpturewalk will come in 2016 else for the size of its demographic. I think than one field: which means being a designer, and they’ve already got a prime candidate in the Castlegar Sculpturewalk proves it 100 per fabricator, promoter, manager... even bill colmind as a subject. That’s about as detailed as cent... it’s just a fantastic program.”

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Caught Up in the Cast


Jim Bailey

his article is meant to be an introduction to fly fishing, yet it is really only the first syllable of what can evolve, if one so chooses, into a magnum opus of one’s life’s passion and pursuit. The people interviewed have chosen to make fly fishing an integral part of their lives, and whether a fly-shop owner, a guide, a T.V. host, or writer, we all started at the same place, with a curiosity and desire to cast a fly over a pristine stretch of water, and invariably — to see what rises. Getting started in fly fishing can be a daunting task. Fundamentally, all one really needs is a rod, a reel, line, and fly, but before you put these together and attempt to cast a weightless array of hook, fur, and feather into the ether, you must be prepared for what is to follow. “It’s as deep as you want it to be,” says Sport Fishing on the Fly host and Trail native Don Freschi. “I mean there



are single-hand rods, and doublehand rods, and fly tying and all the different components. You can spend a lifetime trying to figure it out; it’s such a cool sport. I’m 30-plus years into fly fishing and I’m only halfway there, I have another 30 years to learn.” To enter the often cryptic and creative world of fly fishing, long-time fly angler and owner of the Castlegar Sports Centre and Fly Shop, Rod Zavaduk, recommends initiates start out

with the basic tools and a lesson. Rodreel-and-line packages can be picked up at the Fly Shop, starting at about $150, and Zavaduk highly recommends a fly-casting course as well. “If they want to be serious and learn how to cast that is about as inexpensive as you want to go,” he said. “Anybody who gets started should get at least one casting lesson under their belt before trying it out. It is so important… presenting the fly is number one. If you can’t cast, you can’t present, and you can’t catch a fish.” Fortunately, the West Kootenay and Boundary has some of the best water around for stream or lake fishing. Popular spots include the Kettle River, and Jewel, Wilgress, and Christina Lakes in the Boundary; and the Columbia, Kootenay, Pend d’Oreille, and Salmo Rivers, Nancy Greene, Champion, Erie, Rosebud, and Kootenay Lakes in the West Kootenay, not to mention the countless cold, clear mountain lakes and creeks that are always productive in summer. Serious fly fishers end up with a variety of rods, reels, and lines to match the various types of fish and water they are targeting. Rods vary from ➤

Above: A westslope cutthroat trout rose to a stimulator fly pattern on this Kootenay-Boundary stream. A five or six-weight rod with matching reel and line is standard gear for beginner Kootenay fly fishers. Right: The Kootenay and Boundary region is home to some of the most scenic and productive trout water in B.C. like this one near Greater Trail where the author hooks into a rainbow trout below a pretty cascade. Page 10

ROUTE 3 Spring 2014

An introduction to fly fishing and fly fishers in the Kootenay/Boundary ➤ JIM BAILEY PHOTO

Doula Anna Colin works with Jodi and Tom Dool, who are expecting their third baby.

THE ART OF FLY-TYING “I’m as impressed as anyone with artistic fly-tying, but to be useful, flies must be thoughtlessly expendable,” — John Geirach, Trout Bum here are thousands of fly patterns and materials that help fly-tyers create respectable imitations of what fish feed on. A cursory study of entomology and aquatic biology, and the stages of an insect’s lifecycle, and other aquatic invertebrates will enhance and improve a fly-tier’s abilities. But even a first-time fly-tier can fashion something that a fish will bite. The best thing to do is head to a local fly shop, or go online to see the basic tools required, such as a vice, bobbin, thread, head-cement, hooks, and endless variety of materials. To get geared up or to take a fly-tying or casting lesson contact Rod Zavaduk at Castlegar Sports Centre and Fly Fish Shop at 1951a Columbia Ave., Castlegar, 250365-8288 or go to Also to learn more about fly fishing and see the experts in action check out the West



Castlegar Sport Centre and Fly Shop owner, Rod Zavaduk, provides a fly-tying clinic for area fly fishers at the popular West Kootenay Fly-Fishing Symposium at the Castlegar Sports Complex.

Kootenay Fly Fishing Symposium going from Mar. 28-30 at the Castlegar Sports Centre. For a guided trip on one of the Kootenay rivers or lakes contact Dwayne D’Andrea at Mountain Valley Sports Fishing and Tours at or call toll free 1-800-554-5684. For gear and fly-tying lessons in the Boundary, Kingfisher Fly and Tackle Shop

is located at the Victorian Motel & RV Park in Grand Forks. 1-888-338-0688. They also host the Kettle River Drift, a four-day Fly BC sponsored event held the 2nd weekend of July every year. Sport Fishing on the Fly is broadcast daily on World Fishing Network at 6 a.m., 6:30 p.m. 1:30 p.m. and 7 p.m. or CHEK T.V. Saturday at 2 p.m. Go to for more info.

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ROUTE 3 Spring 2014

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the most delicate 2-3-weight for small streams and lakes, up to large 12-weight rods for casting large flies for salmon or shark on salt water. On Kootenay waters Zavaduk recommends four-and five-weight rods for trout or bass on modest rivers and lakes, and up to 8-weight, nine-foot rods for large rainbow trout on rivers like the Columbia. For an all-purpose outfit and good starter-rod, a nine-foot, 5-or-6 weight is suitable for most Kootenay water. Like Zavaduk, Trail native Freschi started fly fishing in the Kootenays as a young man, and the countless hours throwing string on the Columbia River with his brother Dale only fuelled his passion. It also drew him deeper into the world of fly tying and videography, and as a result, he and friend Grant Fines launched Sport Fishing on the Fly (SFOTF) on CHEK TV in 1995. This past February, after almost 20 years on the air, Freschi and his sponsors signed a full-year 26-episode deal with the World Fishing Network. While the Trail native will be traveling across Canada and the U.S. filming and fly fishing for a variety of species of fish from steelhead on the Cowichan River to prospecting for Atlantic Salmon on the Miramichi in New Brunswick, his favourite stretch of water still flows through his backyard and is featured prominently on his show and website. “People don’t realize how good it is here,” said Freschi. “I mean I’ll be in the Columbia River by myself and having 40-50 fish nights. But it’s a tough river, you have to know how to fish it, and spending my whole life here, it’s pretty awesome.” While Freschi has the advantage of years of experience, he says that a few simple initial steps will get the novice up and casting and catching fish in no time. “Fly fishing is for everybody,” says Freschi. “I’ve had kids, women, men everybody come over here and catch fish. It takes time, but you know what, you can catch fish right away, you just have to get out on the water and get used to it.” Dwayne D’Andrea agrees. The owner of Mount Valley Sports Fishing and Tours has been guiding the Columbia and other Kootenay waters for 25 years, and is particularly keen on facilitating new fly fishers’ introduction to fly fishing, young or old. “What you really want to do is find some slack water but work the seams, and start short, short casts,” says D’Andrea. “And that’s the advantage of having a drift boat, if they (beginners) are not casting long you can work them into it. You are showing them casting, you show them the rising fish, and then you have a chance to hook them. It actually gives them the experience of what fly fishing is all about, because they can see the fish moving and they can read the currents. We try to teach the beginners all aspects — reading the water, the flies, and getting them on the water is the trick for that.” D’Andrea’s expertise and intimate knowledge of local rivers and lakes are often the difference between an enjoyable and safe day on the water to one spoiled by frustration. “Guides are important because they keep you safe; and for beginners, they are going to judge you on how you cast and take you to the appropriate spot on the river that is safe and productive.” As most fly fishers will tell you, fly fishing is not solely about catching fish. Whether it’s rising a trout to the first fly you tied, a hike into an alpine lake, an adventure up an unknown stream, an encounter with wildlife, or casting amidst a hatching storm of caddisflies as the sun sets on the mighty Columbia, fly fishing is a complex of fulfilling moments distilled into a single pursuit that, as Freschi acknowledges, “will add years to your life.”

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LIVING CO-OPERATIVELY The Nelson Commons development brings convenient, high-density condos to downtown Nelson


Marty and Lena Horswill, future tenants of Nelson Commons.

Sam Van Schie

t the east end of Nelson’s historic Baker Street, there’s a big box grocery store slated to be torn down this summer and replaced by a modern condo and retail development called Nelson Commons. For Marty and Lena Horswill, both longtime Nelsonites and recent retirees, it’s the place they’ve chosen to downsize and simplify their lives. When the project’s complete, they’ll move from their acreage outside of town into a two-bedroom, corner apartment at the Commons, where driving

will no longer be a necessity. “I’ll be able to see my doctors office through the window,” 66-year-old Lena said, smiling. Within two blocks of the development site there’s movie and performance theatres, athletic facilities, restaurants and cafes, clothing stores, pharmacies and banks. “If the time comes when one or both of us can no longer drive, we’ll be able to walk to everything we need.” The anchor tenant in the building’s street-level commercial space — and the impetus for the entire development — is the Kootenay Co-op Grocery Store, a 12,000-member strong, natural foods store➤

Spring 2014 ROUTE 3

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Above: The site of the future Nelson Commons development is on the former Extra Foods property.


Below: Kootenay Co-op general manager Deirdrie Lang and Nelson Commons project manager Russell Precious.


that has long outgrown its retail space at the other end of downtown. The cooperative started considering options to relocate about a decade ago. “It was important to our members that the Co-op stay downtown because we have a lot of pedestrian shoppers and the store contributes a lot to the vibrancy of downtown Nelson, which we didn’t want to take away,” said Deirdrie Lang, Kootenay Co-op general manager of 20 years. But large retail spaces are hard to come by in a downtown characterized by 100-year-old heritage buildings and retrofitting an old building is costly. So when the opportunity became available in Spring 2012 to buy a large piece of property occupied by the discount supermarket chain Extra Foods, they jumped on it. Over the next year, plans were drawn up for a new high-density development that would include 30,000 square feet of streetlevel commercial space with three storeys containing 54 condo units above, and underground parking below. It will be downtown Nelson’s first new construction project in more than 20 years, and the only one with such a significant residential component. Most Page 16

ROUTE 3 Spring 2014

home developers are more interested in building up less expensive land along the edge of the city or on high-value lakefront properties. Yet in major cities across North America there is a trend towards re-populating the urban centres as a backlash against suburbia and car culture. Nelson Commons project manager Russell Precious believes Nelson is ready to follow suit. “It’s a very efficient use of land, building up rather than out,” said Precious, noting that in the Uphill neighbourhood of Nelson, where most of the homes were built in the early 1900s when property was cheap, a piece of land the same size as the Commons is planned for, would have maybe 10 single-family houses on it. He added that about two-thirds of the people who have put down payments on units at the Commons are local folk who, like the Horswills, are looking to downsize. “There’s a lot of baby boomers who are no longer interested in their gardens and shoveling driveways and just want to get into a condo for the simplicity of it,” Precious said. There’s also an effort to attract some first time home buyers by discounting a few of the units for middleincome earners who wouldn’t otherwise be able to buy a place of their own. “The units we designate for ‘restricted retail’ will always be bought and sold at a below-market price,” explained Lang. “The idea is to allow a few more people to get into the housing market and free up some rental units elsewhere.” This is one of many ways the Co-op hopes the broader community of Nelson will benefit from its

development. There’s also a commitment to use local materials and labour in the construction and include energy saving features throughout the project. Beautification efforts include a tree-lined public courtyard on the development site. “We’re not some big out-of-town developer that wants to swoop in and then leave with a pocket full of cash,” Precious said. “Any money we make goes to enhance our co-op and benefit existing members.” The many independent owner-operated businesses along Baker Street also stand to gain from having more potential shoppers living nearby. It will give Nelson more of a European feel, according to Precious. “One of the reasons Europe is so charming is because its urban centres are inhabited and there’s always people on the street — unlike many North American cities where at five o’clock it’s like somebody flips a switch and they all clear out.” For the Horswills, moving into the Commons is sure to bring a boom to their social lives. They’ll have friends and neighbours living just steps away and the activity of downtown all around them. “We’re going to have to discipline ourselves in terms of spending,” laughed Lena. “Where we live now, it’s easy to stay in a lot of the time. I expect we’re going to become a lot more social and go out a lot more when we’re living right downtown — we’ll have no excuse not to.” There are still condo units available for sale at Nelson Commons. For details see, call them at 250-352-5847 or stop by the show suite at 621 Vernon Street in Nelson, open Wednesday to Sunday from noon to 5 p.m.

Quality Sales, Service and Rentals

702 baker st 250.354.4622 ART & HERITAGE CENTRE 524 Central Ave, Grand Forks, BC

3Bi0rthday 1984 2014

Grand Forks Art Gallery 1984 - 2008

JuneComing 21,soon2014 a

Moved in 2008 became gallery 2

Schedule of Birthday Events Keep watch at Grand Forks Visitor Centre

Wine Tasting 2013

Visit for upcoming exhibits & events 250 442 2211 | Language of Drawing 2012

Toys Were Us Heritage


Heritage School Curriculum

Founders Beverley & Richard Reid

Gift Shop

looking back ....moving forward

Grand Forks Heritage Gallery

Masquerade Ball 2013

Spring 2014 ROUTE 3

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Sweet Temptation Page 18

ROUTE 3 Spring 2014


Handmade, locally produced chocolates are the ultimate pleasure



Timothy Schafer PHOTOS BY

Shelley Peachell

Take a bite of chocolate. Let it slowly melt over your tongue, reverberate across your taste buds with rich, sweet and creamy languid sensations, revealing its subtleties of flavour with each passing second. Close your eyes and let that feeling wash over you, feel the endorphins that flow through your body, inspired by the chocolate. People can enjoy chocolate in so many different ways, said Nelson’s Chocofellar co-owner and chocolatier Hollie Wheeler, but to truly decelerate to the pace of Kootenay-Boundary life and become one with the chocolate requires a deeper understanding, one which most people who settle in this region accept without question. “Chocolate is just enjoying; it’s slowing life down enough to be able to enjoy the taste, taking the simple thing in life for what it is and enjoying it,” she said. Life is like a box of chocolates, but in the Kootenay-Boundary you do know what you are going to get: quality. There are several chocolatiers that have brought the aphrodisiac of the masses across the Purcell Mountains and into the region, putting a handmade stamp of excellence on a treat that has tantalized humanity for hundreds of years. Cacao from which chocolate is derived has been cultivated by many cultures for at least three millennia in Mexico and Central America, with the Olmecs of south central Mexico the first noted use in 1,100 BC. But it really took hold in the region 24 years ago when Wheeler and her husband Sam Lazenby decided to create the first local, hand-made chocolates. Chocofellar has stayed consistent with its Belgian-made treats over that time, pouring quality and passion for chocolate into a range of bars, pieces and truffles, creating a niche market for locally made chocolate. It’s a market that Rossland’s Mountain Nugget Chocolate Company ➤

Trish Dyer of Mountain Nugget in Rossland loves working with chocolate. Spring 2014 ROUTE 3

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now pours its goodness into, having hung out a shingle on a Columbia Avenue shop for almost five years. Inspired by the work of Chocofellar, Mountain Nugget owner Trish Dyer said setting up shop was less of a business venture than it was a calling. In studying what would be the appropriate business to start in the alpine community, the notion of a chocolate shop kept rising to the top, Dyer explained. But, upon realization of Mountain Nugget, it became more than a business in a very short time. Even though she works long hours and sometimes seven days a week to prepare holiday-inspired chocolates, she still enjoys the thrill of handing over a small piece


of heaven when someone comes in and buys a chocolate from her shop. “It is incredibly gratifying. Working with chocolate is beautiful,” she said. “But the way people react to the product we are delivering is intoxicating. It is fun and rewarding to give the gift of chocolate,” said Dyer, and there is no harm in offering something that tastes good and is enjoyable. That feeling of well-being that chocolate imbues after consuming comes from the chemicals it contains called opioids. Similar to opium, opioids help reduce the feeling of pain and, according to a study done by the University of Michigan, people who

eat chocolate produce natural opiates in their brains, pacifying their nerves and making them feel good. Then there are obvious health benefits of chocolate, not just the euphoric feeling. Most chocolate — particularly dark chocolate— contains aspects that lower the risk of cancer and heart disease through flavonoids and antioxidants. The health benefit proof of Kootenay chocolate is in the pudding. Both chocolatiers use the best chocolate and ingredients available, some organic and some locally produced (cacao is only grown near the equator, not in Canada).


Fresh roasted mountain coffee encompassing the spirit & adventure of the Kootenay/Boundary. 100% locally crafted in Grand Forks! Silver King Tofu is locally made in Nelson and sold in select stores in Nelson, the Slocan Valley, Castlegar, Trail, Rossland, and outlying areas. 250-352-5897 Page 20

ROUTE 3 Spring 2014


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From far left: Nelson’s Chocofellar bars are found at businesses all around the region. Mountain Nugget specializes in exquisite truffles and chocolates, with unique ingredients such as London fog tea, wasabi and beer. Where the magic happens — tempering the fine chocolate. infinity_r3_ad_030814.indd

All Kootenay chocolates are hand made, a very labour intensive process, as is the selection of ingredients and the meticulous attention to the combination of ingredients. Chocofeller fillings are made with top-of-the-line ingredients, and if they can get organic and keep it affordable they will, said Wheeler. All of the fruit used in the chocolates is local and organic, with no fillers, extenders or sweeteners, making richness of the Kootenay chocolate experience its hallmark. “What helps with that work is that is people really appreciate what we are doing. We’ll get a letter in the mail that says 20 years ago you did our wedding chocolates,” said Wheeler. “You get little glimpses into people’s lives and how chocolate fits. So it does make your day go easier; it makes it worthwhile.” There are many similarities in the way Kootenay chocolate is produced, but also in where it is sold. If you want Kootenay-made chocolates you will likely have to travel here to procure them, if you’re not here already. Mountain Nugget sells exclusively out of their Rossland store while Chocofellar deals only with a few local wholesalers. “When people walk into the store, it’s not just about buying the chocolate, it’s about the overall experience and sharing a story or two,” said Dyer. “We are like bartenders of chocolate,” she added. “We hear people’s stories, we know when children are born in the community, and that connection to people has made me enjoy coming to work every day.” ➤


3/12/14 6:17 AM

Columbia Basin Culture Tour Aug 9 - 10, 2014

10:00am - 5:00pm

Explore artists’ studios, museums, art galleries and heritage sites through this free, self-guided tour within the Columbia Basin.

Aug 15, 2009

Meet the artists, shop for fine art and craft, view demonstrations, special exhibitions, interpretive 10:00 am-5:00 displays or chatpm with local historians during this cultural celebration! For further information visit our website or call. A project of

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Trail in Bloom Garden Tour July 19 from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tour maps available at Ferraro Foods from July 17 to 19

Teck Mad Hatter Tea

June 14 from noon to 2:30 Teck Guest House, Tadanac Tickets $10 available May 21 to June 7 at Casa di Cioccolato, 1346 Bay Ave., Trail

For Trail in Bloom Garden Contest info, check or call 364-1806

Ambrosia Artisan Chocolates are made on the East Shore of Kootenay Lake.

Wheeler concurred. She said people really appreciate the quality and craft of Kootenay-made chocolates. “When you are selling something like this it makes everybody feel good and they enjoy the taste. And when they get a taste of our chocolate it makes them happy,” she said. “And that is important in the times we live in, to provide a little bit of happiness, a moment that is enjoyable.” A true Kootenay moment.

KOOTENAY CHOCOLATIERS NELSON’S CHOCOFELLAR 202-625 Front Street, Nelson, 250-352-5880 Chocofellar produces chocolates blended from several Belgium chocolates, and truffles hand filled with fruits and nuts. The Nelsonbased shop makes boutique bars, truffles and filled chocolates for retail outlets across North America.

MOUNTAIN NUGGET CHOCOLATE COMPANY 2076 Columbia Avenue, Rossland, 250-362-3338 Using fresh, locally sourced and organic ingredients, Mountain Nugget creates hand-made chocolate truffles, boutique chocolate bars, and an assortment of chocolate confections in French and Belgian styles.

HARMONIC RESONANCE RAW CHOCOLATE ALCHEMY 622 Front Street, Nelson, 250-551-3728 Using raw and organic ingredients from ethical sources that have been fairly traded, those same ingredients have healing properties, giving the chocolate Harmonic produces a “higher purpose.”

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DOODLEBUG CHOCOLATES Castlegar, 250-528-0379 Artisanal chocolates and confections are made fresh, by hand, in Castlegar. They use only natural ingredients, from as many local sources as possible, and no artificial flavors or preservatives.

AMBROSIA ARTISAN CHOCOLATES Riondel 250-505-6771 Ambrosia produces conscious, fine-quality artisan chocolate handmade on the east shore of Kootenay Lake, including organic chocolate truffles, bonbons and bars.

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ROUTE 3 Spring 2014

Q&A with Ted Fogg INTERVIEW BY Craig



Grand Forks’ historical gallery 2




ith the Grand Forks Art Gallery celebrating its 30th anniversary this year, Route 3 magazine sat down with Ted Fogg, curator and director, and asked questions about the gallery’s past, present and future. Congratulations on the 30th anniversary. What do you have planned for the celebration? Although details of the planned June 21 celebrations are not available at this time, the theme is based on the Toys Were Us exhibit with emphasis on old-fashioned games and activities for children and adults. These include three-legged races, sack races, kick-the-can and other games familiar to boomers and pre-boomers. How did the art gallery first come about? What was the original location? Has it moved? In 1982, the Grand Forks Area Arts Council hosted the Kootenay/Boundary Regional Juried Art Exhibition in the unfinished space beneath the then newly constructed library. Following the success of this first exhibition it became clear that a more permanent art gallery would be possible. With the encouragement and support of City Council, an enthusiastic Arts Council, and both founding director Richard Reid and curator Beverley Reid’s untiring contributions in concept, design and construction, this location became the home of the Grand Forks Art Gallery. Following the official opening in June 1984 this site continued to serve the community for the next twenty-four years. In 2008 the Grand Forks Art Gallery moved to its new venue in the renovated former provincial courthouse building. As this location is a community landmark of historical importance, the City of Grand Forks entered into negotiations with the GFAG Society to set up one tenancy — one service contract, one lease, the GFAGS to administer the heritage component and the Visitor Centre as well as providing art and heritage exhibition programming. The Board ➤

From top: A taste of the rich history of the area awaits you in the informative display found in the Grand Forks Heritage Gallery. Christina Lake Elementary School students were fascinated by the works of Ingrid McMillan’s Slow Movement, A Cultural Reversal. Mayor Brian Taylor volunteered to pour wine at the annual wine tasting event held at gallery 2. The 23rd Annual Wine Tasting will be held on November 22, 2014.

Spring 2014 ROUTE 3

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Students enjoy a quiet time as they enter the main art gallery named the Richard and Beverley Reid Gallery after the founders of the Grand Forks Art Gallery in 1984.

agreed and the transition from Grand Forks Art Gallery to gallery 2: Grand Forks and District Art and Heritage Centre began. The name gallery 2 was chosen as being reflective both of the gallery’s second location and its dual function of serving both art and heritage exhibition programming. What services does the gallery provide? In addition to art and heritage exhibitions and administering the Visitor Centre, gallery 2 continues to serve the community by providing meeting space for Rotary, ANKORS, the BC Assessment Authority, the Downtown Business Association, and many more. The popular Art Rental Program is very affordable and a win-win for both Gallery 2 and artists as rental and sales proceeds are shared. It provides individual members and local businesses the opportunity to engage with a variety of original art in their daily lives. I see you host events. When did that start and how has that gone? In 2013 we held the twenty-second GFAG Society Wine Tasting Event. It has grown from a “fun” raiser when we were lucky to have three or four wineries participating to a true “Fundraiser” with fourteen wineries, two micro-breweries, and eight local food caterers attended by 250 people. The annual Wine Tasting has become the social event of the year for many in the community and tickets sell out well in advance. This is the gallery’s third year hosting the Venetian-themed Masquerade Ball Fundraiser, a great way to overcome the March blahs by dressing up in costume and dancing to live music. It has proven to be very popular with some incredible costumes and masks. The biennial Garden Tour offers access to secret gardens of the Boundary. Participants are also treated to artists and musicians performing in these beautiful settings. Page 26

ROUTE 3 Spring 2014

Are your art displays permanent or temporary? Can people buy art? gallery 2 averages thirteen art exhibitions per year featuring a balanced representation by local, regional and provincial artists. Exhibition openings provide the community with the opportunity to meet the artists, attend artist talks, and purchase artwork for home or office. gallery 2 has a permanent collection of 299 works by local and provincial artists. The collection exists to pre-serve and acknowledge our heritage and the cultures that make us who we are. Who are some of the popular artists you have featured? The most popular exhibit in 2013 was Christina Lake artist Beverley Reid’s Hanging by a Thread fabric assemblages and works on paper. Other past exhibitions include regional artists such as Lou Lynn, Maggie Tchir, Robin Dupont; provincial, national and international artists including Pat Service, Robert Murray, and David Eustace. Nora Curiston, Steve Howard, Bev Harcus, and Richard Reid are just a few of the local artists who have shown in the gallery. The gallery has hosted the Boundary Showcase for over twenty years. This group exhibition is an excellent opportunity for artists and artisans from throughout the Boundary Region to show their work in a public gallery. Abandoning Paradise by artists Glenn Clark of Penticton and Peter Corbett of Winlaw and Foolmakers in the Setting Sun by First Nations artist Marianne Nicolson will be on display until April 19, 2014. Why is the art gallery important to the community? Art offers us the opportunity to explore our collective human experience; public art galleries are among the places where this can happen. gallery 2 is the only public gallery in the Boundary region of British Columbia, presenting and interpreting the visual arts to people within the province and beyond. The gallery exhibits original visual art, does research, provides education about art, and is responsible for the permanent art collection held in trust for the public. How are you involved with local schools? gallery 2’s continued annual involvement with school art programming includes providing school tours, the exhibition of student work, and administering the Richard and Beverley Reid Young Artists Scholarship. gallery 2 applied for and received B.C. Direct Access project funding to develop a local heritage based educational program in accordance with the B.C. school curriculum for kindergarten to grade seven. This ongoing program is a popular field trip for students from Boundary elementary schools. What is the heritage gallery? The heritage component of gallery 2 includes two exhibition spaces. The Grand Forks Permanent Heritage gallery opened on July 1, 2011. This exhibit of photos and text was funded in great part by the Grand Forks Credit Union The photo selection and text are by B.C. historian and curator Roger Boulet with the display designed and installed by Peter Galonski of Nelson. The exhibit serves as an encouragement for visitors to stay longer and continue to learn more about our community by going on to visit other local historical centres and heritage sites including the Boundary Museum and the Doukhobor Flour Mill. The East Heritage Gallery presents a series of community based or travelling heritage exhibits, usually from 12 weeks to six months in duration. The current exhibition Toys Were Us is a playful look at the toys, books, games, and photographs that made up the childhood of many community members born before 1960.


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To advertise contact Chris at 1-877-443-2191 or Kiomi at 250-551-5025

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Greg Nesteroff

THE CASCADE CEMETERY Volunteers restore the site of at least 27 graves near Christina Lake

Spring 2014 ROUTE 3

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n April 1897, a man named Sam Swanson fell ill while inspecting some mining claims in the Lallah Rookh camp on Castle Mountain near Christina Lake. His fellow prospectors tended to him in a cabin and his condition wasn’t considered serious. Indeed, after a few days he felt much better and was walking around. But it was a brief respite: two hours later he was dead of bowel inflammation at age 47. According to his obituary in the Grand Forks Miner, Swanson came from Virden, Manitoba, where he had “that respect and honor from the community which men of such upright qualities of character and such geniality command.” A coffin was provided and his friends carried him down the mountain to a grave site on a bench above the Kettle River, near the Dewdney Trail. About 30 people watched as a carpenter named W. McKay read an Episcopal burial service and “loving, sympathizing hands of ladies and children” decorated the grave Above: The grave marker of Sara Bullock and Annie Handy in the Cascade cemetery was obscured by bushes with flowers, which was later enclosed with a before volunteers opened the area up. picket fence. Below: A recent photo of the Cascade cemetery. Swanson’s burial was the first in what would become the Cascade City cemetery. while going down a hill and fatally struck his fight with a man named Albert Lamb and Unfortunately, over the next few years, he head. died. Lamb faced a murder trial until the would have plenty of company, thanks in part • Nels Hanson died instantly in a premacause of death was found to be pneumonia. to construction of the Columbia and Westture explosion during blasting work. Peter The charge was reduced to assault and Lamb ern Railway, which was responsible for both Gaetano was also killed when a rock from spent two months in jail. booming the town and several fatalities. Early a different blast was thrown 600 feet and • In another fatal scrape, a railway labourer deaths were often violent or grisly: crashed through his cabin. named Tim Sullivan was trying to break a • George Curtis was thrown from his wagon • Sterling Harklerode got the worst of a friend out of jail when the town watchman ➤

 

Golf Granite Pointe, minutes from downtown Nelson

Explore, Dine and Shop Historic Baker Street. A true adventure in itself

Visit Touchstones Nelson: Museum of Art & History

Relax and Enjoy Lakeside Park and Kootenay Lake

 Visitor Centre 225 Hall St. Nelson BC V1L 5X4 Ph: (250) 352-3433 ٠ Toll Free: 1-877-663-5706 Email: Web: Photos by David Gluns


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ROUTE 3 Spring 2014

TO FIND THE CASCADE CEMETERY: The graveyard is on the hillside below Stewart Creek Road. Heading towards Grand Forks from Christina Lake, park at the 3-395 junction pullout and walk across the highway to a dirt road. Follow it about halfway up the hill. You can also try driving, but it’s rough. While the cemetery used to be hard to find, the area is now wide open and the various markers and fences are easy to spot.



spotted him. In the ensuing shootout, Sullivan took a bullet to the stomach and died. • The frozen body of Donato Cassato was found about six miles from Cascade, with a dozen cuts and gashes, possibly knife wounds. A coroner’s jury ruled the death a murder, but the killer was never found. While it’s unclear if all these men are interred at Cascade, some probably were. The boom quietened after The final burial at the cemetery was for 1901 and burials became less Clara Stocker, in 1955. frequent. The final one occurred in 1955: Clara Stocker, who lived to be 100, was laid to rest next to husband George, at one time Cascade’s townsite agent. After that, the cemetery was abandoned and until a few years ago finding it was a challenge even if you knew where to look. It was badly overgrown and only five graves were marked, including the Stockers’ plus Sara Bullock and granddaughter Annie Handy, who shared a marker hidden under some lilac bushes. There was also a peculiar iron cross that lacked an inscription. In 2007, Bullock’s great great granddaughter Bev Bolduc, whose maternal uncle Emil Thompson is also buried at Cascade, thought it was time the old graveyard received some attention. She rounded up volunteers who raked away decades of undergrowth to reveal many other unmarked graves, including several that obviously belonged to infants. Later, they secured a grant to bring in ground-penetrating radar and identify other burial sites. In all, Bolduc says at least 27 people were buried at Cascade. The identities of 20 are known, even if their exact resting places are not. Locations were, however, determined in two instances — Bolduc’s uncle and Sam Swanson — and new markers erected. All other unmarked graves received concrete crosses and a few now have picket fences as well. Bolduc’s group still meets at the cemetery every Friday, weatherpermitting, to pick up litter, clear brush, and do whatever else is needed. This year they’re hoping to build a perimeter fence and improve the road, which suffers regular washouts. While she’s had no luck finding relatives of others buried in Cascade, Bolduc says there is growing interest in the site. At the Christina Lake homecoming last summer, a poster she created about the cemetery project received plenty of attention. “It’s been amazing,” she says. “People asked ‘Where is it?’ and a lot have gone to see it. It’s quite an interesting little spot on Earth.”

Spring 2014 ROUTE 3

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Profile for Shelley Ackerman

Route 3 Spring 2014  

West Kootenay / Boundary lifestyles magazine, British Columbia

Route 3 Spring 2014  

West Kootenay / Boundary lifestyles magazine, British Columbia

Profile for shelleroo