Sri Lan ka - M en ta l h ea lth s ta ti s tics Sah a na y a - Na ti o na l Co u nc il f o r Men ta l He al t h • • •
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About one in four people in the country are diagnosed with one or more mental illnesses. Approximately 90% of the suicides in the country are due to mental illnesses. Sri Lanka in 2007 had a rate of about 21 suicides per 100,000 people. Although the rate has dropped since 1995, when it was a peak figure of 46.6 suicides per 100,000 people, the figure still remains high, as anything over 15 suicides per 100,000 is considered excessive. According to Sri Lanka's mental health directorate, there are 11 deaths per day and 4,000 deaths annually that occur in Sri Lanka due to suicide. The majority of these deaths are in the 20 to 45 year age group State hospitals have seen a 300 per cent increase in the number of patients being admitted with symptoms of poisoning in the last 20 years. About 15 to 20% of Sri Lankans are diagnosed with depression. About 5% of those over age 65 years have dementia while the percentage increases to 20% of for those over age 80.
WH O – W o rl d He alt h O rga n iza ti on – 200 8 Mental Hea lt h Upd ate • • •
Sri Lanka has one of the highest suicide rates in the world. Misuse of alcohol is frequent, especially in areas affected by disaster. It is estimated that 3% of the Sri Lankan population suffer from some kind of mental disease.
Gl oba l – M ental Hea l th Sta tis tic s The facts ab ou t me nta l i ll ness – So urce: Wo rld He al th O rg an iza ti o n 201 1 • • • • • • • • • • • • •
De p ress i on is the leading cause of disability worldwide While depression is the leading cause of disability for both males and females, the burden of depression is 5 0% highe r f or f e mal es than males 33% of countries have no mental health budget 1 in 4 people will be affected by a mental disorder at some point in their lives Ev ery 40 s ec on ds someone commits suicide 4 ou t of 5 people with mental disorders in developing countries don’t receive treatment Al m os t 50 % of all mental disorders begin before the age of 14 2.5 mi ll i on d ea ths per year are due to the harmful use of alcohol 50 m i ll ion people worldwide have epilepsy 80% of the global burden of disease due to mental disorders is found in low- and middle-income countries. Among all disabilities, mental disorders are associated with the hig h es t ra tes of unem pl oy m ent, between 70% and 90%. Various research studies have found that people with severe mental illness — schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or psychosis — are 2 1⁄2 times more likely to be attacked, raped or mugged than the general population. With proper treatment, close to 80 per cent of people with a mental illness will make a full recovery.
USA – M en tal H eal th S ta tis tics So urce: Nat io na l I n st it ute of M en ta l He al th a nd Ce nte r f or Di sea se Co n trol (U SA) • • • • • •
Mental disorders are common in the United States, and in a given year approximately 25% of adults are diagnosable for one or more disorders. While mental disorders are widespread in the population, the main burden of illness is concentrated among a much smaller proportion (about 6 percent, or 1 in 17) who suffer from a seriously debilitating mental illness. The economic burden of mental illness in the United States is substantial—about $300 billion in 2002. Mental illness is an important public health problem in itself—about 25% of U.S. adults have a mental illness—but also because it is associated with chronic medical diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity. In 2007, the suicide rate was 11.26 per every 100,000 people. 1.1% of U.S. adult population has schizophrenia
UK – M en tal H eal th S tatis tics So urce: Me nt al He a lth Fo u nd at io n • • • • • • • •
1 in 4 people will experience some kind of mental health problem in the course of a year. Mixed anxiety and depression is the most common mental disorder in Britain. Women are more likely to have been treated for a mental health problem than men. About 10% of children have a mental health problem at any one time. Depression affects 1 in 5 older people. Suicides rates show that British men are three times as likely to die by suicide than British women. Self-harm statistics for the UK show one of the highest rates in Europe: 400 per 100,000 population Only 1 in 10 prisoners has no mental disorder
These are some Sri Lankan and global statistics relating to mental health