Issuu on Google+

û1ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ D oϳ`nfÖ] E

Üû Óö ßô mû ô àû Úô ^³ãø $Þ ^-³Êø ˜ø ³ñô †ø ³Ëø ³Öû ]]çû ³Ûö ³×$ ³Ãø ³iø

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$ZgzÈâ ‡ V Ã_Z÷D™ÄgpÅÃ$ dtzM K, FÅYZu~T ($ e.ЊæÅ

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Xì H Š Hi~i Z+ 0Z

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û2ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

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û3ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

û [^ OZ ü

\¬z: 4v V !Îgz ~


û4ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ


û5ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

[ÂsW ™

û )lü 16

yZÄ

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰wDZ «Š

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ÃÅ_Z÷D ˜W [ * zzÅ Z åE 18 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰;@ 17

20

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰?VYÂèc* g *Š

21

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰¤SÅ[ÂÃk , i

23

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰_Z÷DgzZ]] .Ç

25

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ lgZ ¦ /

û wÍ Z[!* ü

( ]q ˜ZzwßZPgzZ´t £B÷āF, ) 27

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ ]q˜ZzwßZ :wÍZ`

30

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ °Z ¸zwßZP

35

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ āF, ´:xzŠ`

35 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰\z4


û6ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ ™

yZÄ

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰nŒ Û 5ZŠ Z E5©EE " 3G 36 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰¤z åG 35

36

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰āF, „ _g ÑZ ú Zñ :xzŠ`

37

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰òÝ

37 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰+Šs %Z 38 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰+g ZŠs %Z 38

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰O

û xzŠ[!* ü {ÆyZgzZY U* gzÆè øZÁZ[ôZ :wÍZ` 42 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰\!*

42

G ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰È» ïEG3{š$ G ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ ¡ïEG3{š$

43

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ ( 9] .) ZŠ ZŠ

43

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ ( ð¸Çq -ÑVâ ) xÑZŠ ÑzZ

42


û7ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ ™ 44

yZÄ

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ C Ù Ø/`zi

45 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ zzi 45

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ e

46 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ V»7 47 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ äÇ 48 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ äC´ 49

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ ä°ìZ

49

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰Vâ

50 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰

7M ( ã** B~Š ZŠ ) { åE ] éE 5{“ :xzŠ`

EE "9,u9 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰îp©3E EE "9 53 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ ¬»îp©3E 52

54 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ {%9 54 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ {)ì9

EÅ 4] -E 55 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ öE9 EÅ

.ā !* .ā Z ìzçG 9 Û ~ çG 55 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰t , unÁZ ~zf 56 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰Šg6


û8ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ ™

yZÄ {)zÝ Û zY U* gzvŠ :xÎ`

57 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ x qg ÑZzf 57 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ ]ÑZ>Z à ñ

E A+E t .E 3 G 59 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰wÓZ ü ! öW ñ .ā ZK ïEi4É!* !H 58 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ çG

M 59 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ wÓZš 59

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰?ìŠ Z%HÐäƒxzø

60 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ yÒ»t 61

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ 9Åt

61 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ yvt 62 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ yâ wt

û xÎ[!* ü

i§»ä¯X 65 66

[ÂwßZ :wÍZ` ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ x Â~g (Z

+Z »YZu 66 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰i Z0 67 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ g »i§Zg ø


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yZÄ

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'gßZÅY U* gz~o :xzŠ` 72 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ Vƒ] éE 5{“sÜZ # Y U* gz( 1) 72

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ Vƒ' , Z' ,  ~z1 ƒ

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BVÅÁq Zâ Z

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94

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95

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101

yTÅŠgXgzZŠg :xg X`

102

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104

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110 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ ƒåz²ZuZ~XÔn~uzŠ


û 10ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ ™

yZÄ CÄZ G î*\£:Q` åE

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‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰Vƒ: nzÁZ ~zfvŠ {z´Æ]´´

118

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123 123

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û xg X[!* ü x qg ÑZ ~zf

133 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰¬zp°Åx qg ÑZ ~zf :wÍ Z` 124

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ g»„»V $Zgz

136 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ x lZ Åx qg ÑZ ~zf :xzŠ` 136

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( 2)


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yZÄ

Û ( 3) 140 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ YZwßZ q z 142

‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ êwßZ qz Û ( 4)

û Q[!* ü

E E @ 4 7 ¬»]ZñZ¦½ZgzZ D + %ÔŠ ®ÔÜÔ Âö

E @ 47E Âö :wÍZ`

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‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ V $Zgzt è ŸZgzZÜ

159 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰

{”Ë /Š ® :xÎ`

:xg X`

162 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰

b)ÆD + %

163 ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰

¬»]ZñZ¦½Z :Q`

164

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169

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û 12ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

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( Š ÑzZr # ™è) 1/6 ‚Öæ äüÖ á^Ò á] Õ†i ^ÛùÚ Œ‚ŠùÖ] ^ÛãßÚù ‚õu]æ ØùÓÖ ämçeŸæ Xì ( 1\6)k‡

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û 62ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

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û 63ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ kZ1ì xzøg CÂì ŠŽñ( vZ f ç) g C Û » ðà »kZgzZ ZƒwÙZ »¿ _Z÷Æ™g Ñx³»Ãd W kZÉ Çƒ: xzø_g Zz ðà »èÐzz Åd W Ð kZ c* zŠ‰ì á CZ # q t ·Ñ!* [’gzZX ÏñY Å„~9Œ Z Vâ pDƒ 7_g ZzB‚Æ \!* Vƒ ÌÐ ò T ð¸ Ç{Š c* i X ÷+ $YÅk‡ÐuÃkZ™0Z # qnÆ

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û 64ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

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û 65ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

w Í Z`

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û 66ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

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Xì ;g WÐW

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û 69ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ  xZ

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û 70ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ zgq ÅkZƒgHó óuˆÆåz²ZuZL LnÆVâ ~]gßT :^â :B™Š c* b§ÏZÃyZ§{Æã‚WZ®X ÷k Ž'gßzŠsf \!* 0.50

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knÚ

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û 71ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ :ì sfzgq!ñg ûāF, „( 7) ~Xz»_g Zz < āF, À = z»_g Zz~ā, F л_Z÷ñƒD™d‚f Î÷*ZçzwßZP¸

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û 72ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ :xzŠ`

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û 73ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ :}X ,™„' , Z' , 6, Y U* gzÀÃāF, ā b§kZ c* X ÇñYW Xì9zgÉq -ZāF, ÀX Zƒ]¯™hgð¸Çõ0* sÜÅZ :1wV gzèa X DYWz» ð¸C Ù Æ™¿» ó ó 5„1L LZ®Xì 5Š Z®ÀÅY U* ÅZ ³þjnÚ

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û 75ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

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X ,™„~9zc* ’Æ™tÐó ó 1L L ( 3) :ǃti§»āF, „ÐW ( 3)

óā ó F, À < z{”Ýq»_g ZzL L :~ā, Fz»_gZz

X ÇñYWz~‚™}Š[¢~ 100 ÂÔx¥7āF, /Z ( 4) ¤ &zŠ ¸ n Æ ƒ  7~È0* ðÃÅ {)z q âËV; }g ø : ^â ÷ìg YG™f µ Zµ ZnÆäŒVŒ1÷°» ** ™Š c* '!* àßZ

:BVÅuZzq ≉‰‰‰‰‰/ # ìgŠ c* Xƒq âq -ZsÜ»nzÁZ ~zfB‚Æ] éE 5{“ª ~zf Z ·ù L Ln Æ ä™x¥z »9 ÂVƒ: {Š c* iÐ q -ZŠ Z®ÅnzÁZ Ðq -ZŸ¤ /ZQ c* ÔyxgŠÆx –z kzƒg~ ]gßÅŸ~ {)z YZuā 6 ( 1) ~]gßÅkZñXì * @Y¬ŠÃVÒÔyxgŠÆkƒgyZQ ƒc* W6, Vƒz¤ /{Š c* i Xì @* 7, bŠ[¢~XÝZÃkƒgÀ~]gßÅ+ngzZkƒgŠ°¬z


û 76ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ Æ™tz »n Ûr # ™Ð 1 Ug¯É Ô 7]gz¢Åä™x¥ó ó‰ :ƒ±56, ™Œ ZBVX ÇñWò9c* ’

äg ZlÅāF, /ZX ˆƒ]¯™hg g ¤ Cq -ZgzZC Ù Øq -Z  ( 1)wV ?ÇAzHÃ_g ZzC Ù Âì9zgg ZD Ù

C g

ÙØ C

c* ’

1& 4

C 1 (0.75)

 ³³þ jþ nÚ

{ÝZ

(0.25)

75%

25%

2C {~‚

āF, À<zÝZ :z»_Zz~āF,:ā, F„ āF, À<0.25 = z» `zi

:çO

9zg 5000 = 20000x0.25 = 9zg 15,000=20,000x0.75 =

z»d W

0.75 = 1- 0.25 = z»d W

9 C1

Ù nÆä™x¥z~‚ C2 Xì Š Hc* Š[¢~100 Ã{C


û 77ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ 9zg 20000āF, /Z ?Zƒ]¯™hg g ¤ Cq -Z ~çq -Zh +i :( 2)wV ?ǃHz»_g ZzC Ù Âì

+i ³jþ nÚ h

C g

c* ’

( 1/8)

C 1 0.875 87.5%

{ÝZ

0.125

C 2 {~‚

12.5%

( 3)wV

Ôì9zgg ZD Ù J‚āF, /ZX Zƒ]¯™hgð¸Çq ¤ -ZgzZ {−Zzh +i

?ÇAzHÃ_g ZzC ÙÂ

+i ³³þ jþ nÚ h

ð¸Ç

¹!*

1& 3

(0.666)

(0.334)

66.6%

33.4%

0.875 = 1- 0.125 =

{ÝZ {~‚ z»d W 9 C1

Ù nÆä™x¥z~‚ C2 Xì Š Hc* Š[¢~100 Ã{C


û 78ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

:BVÅÁq Zâ Z‰‰‰‰‰‰‰/ Áq Zâ Z c* uZz q â~g »i§kZā åHn²äë̬ā 6

ìg Y G ™f µ Z µ Z nÆ pŠ ÅMg ‡sÜt 7t Û ðà » {)z :ƒ±5çOX ÷

~zf nÆä™x¥z»9VŒāñY3gwì»]!* -Z :^â q

,™tÐó ó 1L Ð L ZQÔ ñYHx¥ó ó‰·ùLÆ L ™ ¦{ÆnzÁZ

z»9 = 1- ‰·ù ( 1)wV g ZlÅāF, À¤ /ZX Š Hƒ]¯™hg RÇq -ZgzZeq -ZÔ ~çq -ZÅZ

?,™x¥z»_g ZzC Ù ÂÔì9zgÄÑq -Z ÅZ ³³þ jþ nÚ

C1 R

e

( c* ’)9

1& 2

1& 8

0.375

0.5

0.125

37.5%

50%

12.5%

:{ÝZ :{~‚

: 1-‰·ù =z»9R C 1 0.375=1-0.625 =z» R

Z® 0.625 = 0.5+0.1250 = ‰·ù


û 79ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

: ā, F„ āF, À xz»_g Zz~Z = z»_g Zz~āF, 9zg 12500 =100000x0.1235= z» ~ç ÔçO 9zg 50000 = 100000 x 0.5 = z» e 9zg 37500 =100000x0.375 = z» R 9zg 100000=37500+50000+12500 :w* @, 7 Ô Zƒ]¯™hg R q -ZgzZ ð¸Ôq -Z {−ZzÔVÃ Ó zŠ à !* É

( 2)wV

?,™x¥z»_g ZzC Ù ÂÔì9zgg ZD Ù äÄÑq -ZgZlÅāF, À¤ /Z à!* É R

C 1 ð¸

VÃ Ó 2

1& 6

2& 3

xzø

( c* ’)9

X

(0.1667)

(0.1667)

(0.6666)

16.67%

16.67%

66.66%

³³þ jþ nÚ {ÝZ ~‚ C1

0.833 = 0.1667 + 0.6666

:‰·ù ÔçO 1-‰·ù :z»9

0.167 = 1 - 0.833

: z» ð¸9


û 80ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

:ā, F„ 9zg 79920 = 120000x0.666 = z»V@2 9zg 20040 = 120000x0.167 = z»Vâ 9zg 20040 = 120000x0.167= z» ð¸

@, 7 9zg 120000 = 39960+39960+20040+20040 : w* ( ì xzøC7~T) ( 3)wV

ÅāF, À¤ /ZX ˆƒ]¯™hg C7q -ZgzZVÃ Ó zŠÔ {−ZzÔ `ziÔÌ> U

?ÇAzHÃ_g ZzC Ù Â Ôƒ9zgÄÑq -Zg Zl

C7

VÃ Ó zŠ

ÙØ C

C 1 xzø

1/6

2/3

1/4

X

0.1666

0.6666

0.25

1.0834 = 0.1667+0.6667+0.25:

Ì ³³þ jþ nÚ {ÝZ

‰·ù

wú6, 93mçOÔì´¬XtZ®ì {Š c* iÐ ó ó 1 L L‰·ùVŒèa

X ,™iŠpÃwVkZ™ ⠁ Û ±5~[!* Æ :ƒ±56, ÔŒ Zíq C1


û 81ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ ( ÷„gák‡V»7ÐzzÅeq -Z~T) ( 4)wV

ÅāF, À¤ /ZX ˆƒ]¯™hgV»7zŠgzZ e q -Z Ô {−ZzÔ `ziÔÌ> U

?ÇAzHÃ_g ZzC Ù Â Ôƒ9zgÄÑq -Zg Zl Ì ³³þ jþ nÚ

1C V»7zŠ

e

ÙØ C

1/6

1/6

1/2

1/4

0.1667

0.1667

0.5

0.25

{ÝZ

1.0834 = 0.1667+0.1667+0.5+0.25:‰·ù

6,93mçOÔì´¬Xt Z®ì {Š c* iÐ ó ó 1 L L‰·ùÌVŒèa

X ,™iŠpÃwVkZ™ ⠁ Û ±5~[!* Æwú

I& 7{Š c* iÐ y é5ÒI zÀ»Š ÑzZ: ** iāìtzz ÅäƒxzøC7 (íq »ÔÔ) ( @* 7 »è) ð¸B‚ÆyZ¤ /Z~ ]gß+Z V;X 1á ! Z äV@ {zgzZì ÐN Y09™ïB‚Æð¸C7~āF, c* ’ˆÆƒÆV@Q Âì ŠŽñ c* ’gzZ xzø( C7)™ázÐ[ˆÆ Dànn%ÞŸ] Àu Ø%Ú †Ò„³×³ÖªE1:2~āF,

Æ( D7Æèª) ð¸%C7QÂì q -ZeÅè¤ /Z c* Xì $ Ë $Ðäƒ

) àn%×%×Ö è×Û³Ó³i ÷$ Ë áz1/6Ì ~4wVçO( ñYƒŠÅƒā @* Xì „g WÐW 5wVà ZzD7²Xì „gázC7ÐzzÅäƒeq -Z X ˆƒŠÅ ( 4/6)ƒ™ï( 1/6+1/2){ÆVZ7gzZeVŒ

1C


û 82ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ ( ì „gázC7ÐzzÅD7VŒ)

( 5)wV

X ˆƒ]¯™hgV»7zŠgzZ @* 7q -ZÔVÃ Ó zŠÔÇq -ZÔ {−ZzÔ {@Zi > U

?ÇAzHÃ_g ZzC Ù Â Ôƒ9zgÄÑq -ZgZlÅāF, À¤ /Z {@Zi

Ç xzø X

VÃ Ó zŠ

2/3

1/6

0.1666

0.6667

0.1667

16.66%

66.67% 16.67%

V»7zŠ 1C @* 7 ] éE 5{“

³³þ jþ nÚ

{ÝZ z‚

Z® ì ÁÐ 1 ·ùtèa 0.8334 =0.6667+0.1667 : ‰·ù C 1 0.1666 =1-0.8334

: z»] éE 5{“

:çO XÐB9wâ c* ’

ƒ: @* 7¤ /Z~ {gÃè ]gß èYXì ~ 3 wVā 6 CYƒxzøV»7 Â@* V@zŠ Z®÷ 4ZŠ ~}%iÆ ]¯ V»7 gzZÔ ÷ _á {z( ƒ)z »]¯ @* 7 » èª ð¸ » yZB‚Æ yZ Z # V;X ì * @Yƒ »z » yZ ñƒ DƒÆ

V»7 Ðzz ÅkZ Z®ì9Šp @* 7 èa 6,Š ã CÅ ( äƒ0Z ª)]´ Š Hƒï÷ á

āF,c* ’ ˆÆ nzÁZ ~zf Ð ÚÅ 1:2 V»7 @* 7 [ZçO X I09Ì Ù ²{2ÃD7 ªX ñ0* gZŒ Û g Z,ÆV $Zgz~( 16.66%) ÇAz1 à C7 C X ÏBz' , Z' , ÆD7q -Z™ïV»7VâzŠ6, gî¦ùā c* Í X }h +Š[¢~100ÃzÝZāìti§»ä™x¥‚,i Z {z´


û 83ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ āF, À < zÝZ : î~O 8 »_g ZzC Ù ~ÆF, À

:ā, F„ : çO

9zg 16670 = 100000X0.1667 : z»{−Zz 9zg 66670 = 100000x0.6667:z»V@zŠ 9zg 33335 = 100000X0.33335 :z»e« 9zg 33335 = 100000X0.33335 :z»e~uzŠ 16660 = 100000X0.1666 : î~O 8»] éE 5{“ 4Ã{Æ] éE 5{“ kZÃD7²ÇñWòz» C7q -ZÆ™„6,

:çOX ÇñYïk HŠ » 9zg 4165 = 16660@4 : z» C7« 9zg 4165 = 16660@4 : z» C7~uzŠ 9zg 8330 = 4165 <2 : z»D7

: w* @, 7 = 8330+4165+4165+33335+33335+16670 100,000

:÷„g YÅiÆ™ÜÐ24gzZ 23™ó óYZuL LBVPÐW


û 84ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ ( 23:mÔwVÅYZu)

Vc* Š ZŠ 3

VÃ Ó 6

1/6

2/3

0.1666

0.1667

0.6667

16.66%

16.67%

66.67%

R3 1C ( c* ’)9

( 6)wV ³³þ þjnÚ õzO 8ÝZ õzO 8~‚

:āF, „

_g ZzC Ù ÂÔìāF, 9zg (ÄÑq -Z ) 100,000 ~wVÑ!* {gÃè}

?Ў9zgÄà āF, À Xz~X = z/£~āF,

:çO 9zg 66660 =100,000x0.6666: z»V@6 ( 1) -Z‰‰‰‰Â 9zg 11110 = 66660@6 :z»eq c* ’Z® Ôì ÁÐ 1 ·ùtèa 0.8334=0.1667+0.6667 : ‰·ù C1 5{“ :çO XÐB9wâ 0.1666 =1-0.8334 : z»] éE

Ù nÆä™x¥z~‚,i Z {z´ Š ÛC Ù¤ /Zh +' × Xì Š Hc* Š[¢~100Ã{C „6,Š Z®ÅkZ ( ƒz~‚c* ƒāF, ì e)ÃõzO 8ÀÆ\z¤ /ƒ * *™x¥z» 6à {ÆV@}Ô}™ Xá ⠁ Û ±5~āF, „ÃÏZ}™„6,


û 85ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ 9zg 16670 = 100,000 x0.1667 :z»V- Š ZŠ 3 ( 2) 9zg 5556.66 = 16670@3 :z» ~Š ZŠq -Z‰‰‰‰Â 9zg 16670 = 100,000 x 0.1667 : z»Vƒ R3 ( 3) -Z‰‰‰‰Â 9zg 5556.66 = 16670@3 :z» Rq

7, C 1 100,000 = 16670 + 16670 + 66660 : w@* N ¯Ð6X¬ñƒD™i~i Z0 +ZÆYZuÐZ\Wì wV„ ÅYZut C 1

Ÿ6, ) )C ® Ù ÂÔq -Zq -ZÃVƒ RgzZV-Š ZŠÔ4ÃV@QÔ àn%×%Ö]æ Œ‚ŠÖ] Å^³Û³jqŸ I IÒ5Å!* gzZÔ3VŒ Âì ï ¬Z ÂyxgŠÆ kzƒggzZ V ð{O8Æ V@çO ì „gƒ µZz ÝZ Z®3Ô3ÌkzƒgÆyZ Â+nyxgŠÆkzƒggzZ‰ÆVƒ RgzZ V-Š ZŠÐW

kZ nÆ% ï{Æ® ) )C Ù QX ÏñY0Ð18o™}Š[¢~3ÃÔ 6X

+' h × QXÐN Wò‰ÆVo) sÜA $ÂbŠ[¢~ 3ª[zµÃ{Æ

~āF, ™g¦ / Ð kZÔì Š HHyÒ~ YZuŽ„ÅāF, Š Ze6,kZgzZz »_g ZzC Ù

„Xt 6,gî~Š ã Cā H±5 ä \WVŒ gzZ ?÷ iZ%Ä Üïz »_g ZzC Ù J 7,¹!* ì Œ6,VzSPÉāF, ÌVŒXì YY36,ÿÌËõ˜$ g fÆw@* Xì YYHÝqyEZ~}g !* ÆZLZÆ™w@* 7, DZ \¬vZz


û 86ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ ( 23 :mwVÅYZu) ( 7)wV

³³þ ³þ þjnÚ Vc* Š ZŠ 3

]Yzi 4

1/6

1/4

0.5833

0.1667

0.25

58.33%

16.67%

25%

A9F12 õF

1C ( c* ’)9

{ÝZ õzO 8~‚

:āF, „

_g ZzC Ù ÂÔìāF, 9zg (ÄÑq -Z ) 100,000 ~wVÑ!* {gÃè}

XЎ9zgÄà āF, À Xz~X =z/£~āF,

çO 9zg 25,000 =

0.25x100,000

9zg 6250 = 25,000 4

: z»]Yzi 4 ( 1) : î~O 8»zzi 1‰‰‰‰‰Â

c* ’ Z® Ôì ÁÐ 1 ·ùtèa 0.4167= 0.1667+0.25 : ‰·ù C1 0.5833 =1-0.4167 : z»] éE 5{“ :çO XÐB9wâ

Ù nÆä™x¥z~‚,i Z {z´ Š ÛC Ù¤ /Zh +' × Xì Š Hc* Š[¢~100Ã{C „6,Š Z®ÅkZ ( ƒz~‚c* ƒāF, ì e)ÃõzO 8ÀÆ\z¤ /ƒ * *™x¥z» 6à {ÆV@}Ô}™ Xá ⠁ Û ±5~āF, „ÃÏZ}™„6,


û 87ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ 9zg 16,670 = 0.1667x100,000:

z»]Z] .3 ( 2)

9zg 5556.66 = 16670 @3 : î~O 8»{] .1‰‰‰‰Â 9zg 58330 = 0.5833x100,000 : z»Vƒ R12 ( 3) 9zg 4860.83 = 58330 @12 : î~O 8» R1‰‰‰‰Â 100,000 = 58330+16670+25000

:w@* 7,

12XÝZÐ äWo p Z ( 1B6) k‡gzZ ( 1B4) ,g~TÔì wVÅYZuÌt C1 Ù èa [ZX õzO 87c* C ’ÃVƒ RgzZ 2ÃV-Š ZŠÔ { 3ÃV- ç Ð ZÝZX Ç ¶ Ð Š Z°ZzŠāìtÈ»+n)ì +nÚyxgŠÆkzƒgÆyZgzZ‰Æ® )) }÷DƒŠ „Æ}uzŠq -Z6,gîåÉ Dƒ756,Š°}ŠË~:W

Ù ªyxgŠÆ7gzZ 3@' C , ÆkZgzZ Dƒ„6, 2VâzŠ Âì * @Y H¹Z # » 6gzZ 4 „6, Š°}ŠËÆŠ°LZgzZq -Z ñZÎâ VâzŠ ªìŠ §Ð}uzŠq -Zāì

@* ƒ bŠ[¢~XÝZÃkzƒgÀāì @* ƒt {°‡~]gßÅ+ngzZX Dƒ7 ~ V7z¤ /{Š c* i c* zŠŸ¤ /ZgzZƒ Zƒ µZz ~ \z¤ /q -ZŸāZ # ìA $ Â]!* t Ôì

ñyxgŠÆkzƒgÆyZh +' × [Zā @* ƒtQ »kZ Âì ~gÃè wVā 6ƒ µZz kzƒgÆ ƒ  çO( ì 4Z D +yxgŠÆ kzƒg yZ  ¬Š VŒ Z # Ð VƒÚ Š X Gpô( 12Ô3Ô4) o™}Š[¢~ZÝZ „Ã12ÔZ®Xì * @Y1Ê°} (, āì {°‡~4Z D + [Z

(, 6ÔŒ Z ¹* !) kZnŠ[¢~12ÉƮ ) )C Ù ˆÆkZ ˆ0Ð144


û 88ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ ( 163:mƒ±5i§»YZugzZÔ 23:m YZu)

Vc* Š ZŠ 15

R6

( 8)wV ³³þ ³þ ³þ jþ nÚ

VÃ Ó 18

Vc* ç4

1C 9

1/6

2/3

1/8

0.0416

0.1667

0.6667

0.125

4.16%

16.67%

66.67% 12.5%

{ÝZ {~‚

: āF, „

Ù ÐWÇñWòz » & C Û ÏZ Â}Š [¢~āF, ÀÃ{Æ&  ÛC Ù

Š ÛC Ù X }™„6,Š Z Û Z ÀÆ &  Û ÏZÃ{Æ &  Û Âƒ ** ™x¥¤ /Z »Š Û :ƒ±56, ÔŒ Z,X ÇñWòî~O 8» (†»ÔÔ)

24/144

ÆV-Š ZŠÔ 36/144ÆV-ç[ZX ñWò84gzZ 24Ô34K M n!* {Æ :ƒ±5Æ™„ˆÆkZ‰ W 84/144 ÆVƒ RgzZ 25% 16.67%

58.33%

c* 0.25

= 36 /144

: î~O 8»]Yzi ( 1)

c* 0.1667 = 24 / 144 : î~O 8»V-Š ZŠ ( 2) c* 0.5833 = 84 /144 : î~O 8»Vƒ R ( 3)

c* Wò ³„z™wï‚Q c* ÔÆ™ »ÃN ~y W„ÆYZuy s !* H±5ä \W Xì ZƒÑï~Vz÷zŠ«äë& E 1·ùtèa 0.9584=0.1667+0.6667+0.125 :‰·ù C1 Z å˜W™ 0.0416 =1-0.9584 :z»] éE 5{“:çO ì »9c* ’Z® Ôì ÁÐ


û 89ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

:āF, „

ÔìāF, 9zg ( gZD Ù J‚ÔÄÑq -Z ) 160,000 ~wVÑ!* {gÃè}

?Ў9zgÄÃ_g ZzC ÙÂ

āF, À Xz~X = z/£~ā, F

çO 9zg 20,000 =160,000X0.125 = ìz»]Yzi 4 ( 1) 9zg 5000 = 20,000 @ 4= z»zzi 1‰‰‰‰‰Â 9zg 106672 = 160,000X0.6667 :z»V@18 ( 2) 9zg 5926.22 =106672@18 = z»e1 ‰‰‰‰‰Â 9zg 26672 = 160,000 X 0.1667= z»V- Š ZŠ 15 ( 4) 9zg 1778.133 = 26672@15= z» ~Š ZŠ 1‰‰‰‰‰Â 9zg 6656 = 160,000 X 0.0416 = z»Vƒ R6 ( 3) 9zg 1109.33 = 6656@ 6 = z» R1‰‰‰‰Â

:w@* 7, 160,000 = 6656 +26672 + 106672 + 20000


û 90ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰���‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ ( 24:mYZu) 9wV

³³þ ³þ ³þ jþ nÚ

R7

Vc* Š ZŠ 6

VÃ Ó 10

Vc* ç2

1C 9

1/6

2/3

1/8

0.0416

0.1667

0.6667

0.125

4.16%

16.67%

66.67% 12.5%

{ÝZ {~‚

: āF, „

ì ZŠ Z®Åkzƒgāìtt Û sÜì b§Å 8wVÇ!* Ât

6, 18Ã{ÆV@¤ /Z~wVëā ÇƒÚ Z'X 7Zz6, ðÃ…»kZgzZ

10 ÐZ VŒ  åÑïz »Š ÛC Ù Æ™„ ÅV@èY ÇñY H„6,

Xì 10 Š Z®

ÇñWòz» &  Û ÏZ Â}Š[¢~āF, ÀÃ{Æ&  ÛC Ù çO

Ù X}™„6, C Š Z Û ZÀÆ&  Û ÏZÃ{Æ&  Û Âƒ** ™x¥¤ /Z »Š ÛC Ù ÐW

X ÇñWòî~O 8»Š Û

ÁÐ1 ·ùtèa 0.9584 =0.1667+0.6667+0.125 :‰·ù C1 0.0416=1-0.9584 :z»] éE ’Z® Ôì 5{“:çO ì »9c*


û 91ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ 10wV

³³þ ³þ ³þ þjnÚ

R12

Vc* Š ZŠ 16

VÃ Ó 28

Vc* ç4

1C 9

1/6

2/3

1/8

0.0416

0.1667

0.6667

0.125

4.16%

16.67%

66.67% 12.5%

{ÝZ {~‚

gzZ ¬Z ÂÔzÓ6, 159:m~~i Z§bÑÅkZÉ 7~YZuwVt Vß V~{)zYZuāìgŠ c* ]!* tì ˆÅÜÆ™ ¦ñVÐ4Z D + @* YƒÝqÐ]!* kZÑ{zZ®ì @* ƒ** Z™w»VÒx ÓÃY CÑ» Y U* gzèYìg Cƒ spŠ Z®ÅY U* gz~ yZ1ìg „z—" wVāì V; }gø 1Ô ÷ CYƒ spñÐ ~pÅ÷ D Bkƒg VŒ Ž ÀÃÏZ'gzZÔ ñY c* Š™ »NÆV”ÝZ wzZāì i„q -Z »ƒ  ÂÔƒ:Š°„ÅāF, /ZgzZ ÏñYƒ„V ¤ $Zgz Â,Š}Š [¢~ÆF, Ù ˆÆä™ »N ò~‚z»\z¤ / Ù ™}Š[¢~100Ã{C C X ÇñWòz»_g ZzC Ù Æ™„6, Š Z Û ZÆ\z¤ /ÏZÃÏZQc* ÇñW

X B™ib§ÅVß VëÌÃwVÏZçO ÁÐ1 ·ùtèa 0.9584 =0.1667+0.6667+0.125 :‰·ù C1 0.0416=1-0.9584 :z»] éE 5{“:çO ì »9c* ’Z® Ôì


û 92ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

:VƒnzÁZ ~zfsÜY U* gzZ # ( 3) 6, gîÆ9ªVƒnzÁZ ~zf sÜY U* gzÆèËātn~Š nÁZ ~zf {z1ì @* YW\!* ~VÂgßyZ LLçOƒ:ŠŽñ_g Zzðà ÅX ÂVƒnzÁZ ~zf sÜU* gzZ # T¾ì © 8z CZÐ wÅ

āt xzŠX N Y F, Z}g7 }g7 {6,Y U* gzāt wzZX ÷ $ Ë 0'gß& LZÃnzÁZ ~zfāt xÎÔ ñY| (,Ð ` %Æ yZŠ Z®Å‰ÆY U* gz

ó óŠgL Lm»¬ U* ì Ð wúm» ãU* Xƒ ¹!* āF, ¼ ÌZˆÆ¶Š{

ÆnË~ kZ Z®ì CYƒåoèa ~]gß«%ZX ìB‚Æ

Hƒ]¯™hgVà Š Ó zŠgzZ +−Zz ¿q -Z : }X C7,7]gz¢Åw$ + zŠg »X™}Š 1/6 ÌÃ{−ZzgzZ 1/6 Ã−ZzÔ 2/3 ÃVY±~]gßkZ ÂX

-ZgzZÃVY±{ 4 Ç ñY 0Ð 6 X : 6,j§Æ YZuX Ç ñYƒ q :._Æj§}g øÐN Yƒ}g7{bÀ™ïÃ\!* Vâzq -Z \!* ( 0.1667) 1/6 1

2VÃ Ó

( 0.6666) 2/3

Vâ ( 0.1667) 1/6

=0.1667+0.6666+0.1667:‰·ù

100 = 16.67% + 16.67% + 66.66%

:~~‚ c*

VâzŠtX @* ƒó Šó g L LÂ@* ƒÁ¤ /ZgzZ @* ƒó ówúL LÂ Ô @* ƒ{Š c* iÐ1‰·ù¤ /Z X ÷ìg YG™f~V”µ Zµ ZÐW7Z Z®÷_bZx


û 93ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ xÎ`

yÒ»wú ÁLgzZ ÷ D Y| (,ÐZÝZ ‰ÆyU* gZzāì @* ƒ (Z L

~ ãU* āZ # ì C7,]gz¢Å ó ówúL L~ ]gß™¯Z wzZX ÷ D Yƒ ÔC Ù Ø Y U* gzÆ]gúq -Z }āÔìt ÅkZ,X ì @* Y Hg (Zà ó Šó g L L

M n!* Æ y ZX ÷ äÇzŠ gzZ {−Zz W 2/3 gzZ 1/6Ô 1/2 { K ‘ ( 3 Ð ~ 6ª) 1/2 Æ™„~ V” 6 ÃāF, }g7 ¤ /Z ë[ZX ÷ ’ ÂÃVâ ( 1 Ð ~6 ª) 1/6Ô Ã `zi ‰ {g 2( Ð ~ 6) { c* Ôì bŠ ÌZÃV“4 Ð ~6ā c* ÍXì Lg2/3 ÌZz » V“2² ]gß1 Ð,Š¬ÃV“¤ /Z b§ÏZX ÷ñƒa{2sÜ~Ñ!* X ÏñW~D 3ÆU* gz¹!* ¶ÅV”2„zÂ

YHg (Zti§Æ™¨Ðó ówúL Lê qÏZ Z® ¶Å 2kZāì @*

ŽÃ_g ZzTÐ~yZQgzZÐN Yñ¯8{ÀnÆä™ Zg7à 1/6 Ô 3/8à 3/6ā c* ÍX Ç ñY c* Š Ð [ˆÆ6 {z Ç ñY c* Šz

¬ Ð wúgÃè wVçOX Ð N Y ñŠg Z Œ Û Ô 4/8 à 4/6 gzZ 1/8 Ã

:ƒ±5VâzŠÔˆÆwúgzZ


û 94ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ Vâ

äÇzŠ

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1/6

2/3

1B 2

1/6

4/6

3/6

³³þ jþ nÚ {ÝZ c*

W 8 Æ™ ¦Ã‰ƒ  yZèa XŠ Hc* Šg Z Œ Û 8 ` %» kZ Z®Ô ÷ ‘

āF, }g7ÃC Ù Ø6,gî-Z Z®Xì' , Z' , Æ3/6āŽì 1/2z»C ٠ت 4X3 eY3 Ð ~ yZÆ™{6 Æ zz Å;Å ` %gzZ CŠ c* i ʼn1Ô õJ/G 1ÐN Y ñŠ „ 3 „z õzO8ÂÃC Ù ØÐzz ÅTˆ7,]gz¢ÅwúÐ äyWŒ Û {æÆnzÁZ ~zfā ¹nkZ 8 tgzZXÐ ~8tÐVƒ

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]gßā 6ñY HwúJ -Š°/£ÐZÝZ Âì ]gßÅwú¤ /Z ~ kZì Z¼i§Zg ø²X ì Š HHwúJ - 8 Ð 6 ~ {gÃè


û 95ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ çOXì c* Šg Z Œ Û Ð100 ~]gßÅ~‚Q c* Ð 1ä ëXC Ù èa yTy‚WÅkZgzZ ?7c* ì ó´ ó ¬LX L ā ǃ ~gz¢t'Y¬Ðƒ 

/Z ó ó‰·ù Lā L ìt ~i§}g ø ]gßÅ ó ó~‚L Q L c* Ð ó ó 1 L L¤ Xì ]gz¢Å ó ówúL L~Xāõƒ{Š c* iÐ100~

ó ówúL L~kZ ªì ó´ ó ¬LX L āñYƒx¥6,gîD]!* tZ #

tÂBïz»_g ZzC Ù c* \z¤ / Ù ._Æ{°‡sizgqÂσ]gz¢Å C ]gßÅwúāìgŠ c* ]!* tgzZX ǃzˆÆwú»_g ZzÏZ c* \z¤ /ÏZ

@* ƒ7¦ / Ù î~O 8{zX ñWòˆÆwúŽì @* C ƒ„zî~O 8ÝZ »_g ZzË~ Xì @* ƒ–~]gßÅV- g(Z c* VL¬ÐwúŽ w¶ZIzÝZ ( 1)

=

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Î,Š ßF, ÃVß VyZāÐ,™ÒÃëX Vƒ±5 BV6,ÔŒ Z X ÷ˆÅi™}Š~YZu ‰·ùÃ{ÝZÆ_g ZzˬÐwúªì C™C Ù ªÃ„y¶ KÅNVŒ( 1) èc* g ? ¯ b§¾!ñg à ¹!* X ÇñWòw¶Zˆz Ç»_g Zz ÏZ ÂñY H„6, X ÏñYÅ `gŠ# sŸzmZ~ yWÆ[ÂÌQ1÷… YáZz+ Y


û 96ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ 1wV

-Zg ZlÅāF, q À¤ /Z Zƒ]¯™hg{−Zz q -ZgzZ äzŠ ~ç q -Z y{x™Z ?ÇA wâ H HÃY U* gzÂì9zgÄÑ ³³þ ³þ jþ nÚ ä2

{−Zz

2/3

1/6

1/4

0.6667

0.1667

0.25

0.6667

0.1667

0.25

1.0834

1.0834

1.0834

=0.6154

=0.1538

= 0.2308

C 1 :{

61.54%

15.38%

23.08%

{~‚

~ç {ÝZ

āF, À < î~O 8~Z : î~O 8»_g Zz~āF,

ˆÆ wú

:āF, „

9zg 23,080 = 100000X0.2308 :z~āF, »zzi ( 1) 9zg 15,380 = 100000X0.1538 :z~āF,»{−Zz ( 2) 9zg61540= 100000X0.6154 :z»V“2~āF,( 3) 9zg 30775 = 61540 @ 2

:zȂ1

1.0834 = 0.6667 + 0.1667 + 0.25

:·ù»‰À C 1

Xì ~gz¢wúZ®ì ;g| (, Ðó ó 1L L‰·ùèa


û 97ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ ( 20mYZu)

:tŸ aX

( \!* Ô Vâ )+−ZzgzZVÃ Ó zŠÔ ~ç q -Z U* gzÆ T Zƒ ]¯y{ ÅZ

-ZāF, À¤ /Z X ‰ {gú Ù ā}™x¥t Âì 9zg ( 100000)ÄÑ q C ?ÇAzHÃ_g Zz ³³þ ³þ jþ nÚ

VÃ Ó 2

zzi 1

1/6

2/3

1/8

0.1667

0.1667

0.6667

0.125

0.1667

0.1667

0.6667

0.125

1.125

1.125

1.125

1.125

=0.1482

=0.1482

=0.5925

=0.1111

C1 {

14.42%

59.25%

11.11%

{~‚

[Z

1/6

14.82%

{ÝZ

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:ƒ±56, ÔŒZāF, „

1.125 =0.3334+0.6667+0.125

w¶ZIz ‰·ù

:·ù»‰À C 1

Xì ~gz¢wúZ®ì ;g| (, Ðó ó 1L L‰·ùèa =w¶ZˆzçO


û 98ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

:āF, „ 9zg 11110 =0.1111@100,000 :z»zzi~āF,( 1) ( 2) 9zg 59250=0.5925<100,000:z»V@VâzŠ~āF, Ù² 9zg 29625 =59250@2 : z»ÇC

9zg 14820=0.1482<100,000 : î~O 8»−Zz~āF,( 3) 9zg14820=0.1482<100,000 : î~O 8»{−Zz~āF,( 4)

:w@* 7, 100,000 =14820+14820+29625+29625+11110


û 99ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ 3wV

zŠ gzZä( q -Ñ\!* ) C´zŠ {−ZzÔ ~ç q -Z U* gzÆ T Zƒ ]¯æg -ZāF, À¤ /ZX I{gúä( q -ÑVâ ) °ìZ 9zg ( 100000)ÄÑq ?ÇAzHÃ_gZzC Ù ā}™x¥tÂì ³³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ jþ nÚ

Û »g  Cä°ìZ 2 äC´2 X

1/3

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Æwú

1.4167

1.4167

1.4167

1.4167

0.2353

0.4706

23.53%

47.06% 11.77% 17.64%

C1

0.1177 0.1764

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:ƒ±56, ™ŒZāF, „

1.4167 =0.3333+0.6667+0.1667+0.25:·ù»‰À

w¶ZIz ‰·ù

C1

Xì ~gz¢wúZ®ì ;g| (, Ðó ó 1L L‰·ùèa =w¶Zˆz


û100ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

:āF, „ :z»zzi~āF, À ( 1) 9zg 17640 = 0.1764X100000 : z»Vâ ~āF, À ( 2) 9zg 11770 = 0.1177X100000: :z»V“C´~āF, À( 3) 9zg 47060=0.4706X100000: -ZC Ù 9zg 23530 = 47060@2 :z»Çq

:z»VǸǰ§Z ( 4) 9zg 23530 =0.2353X100000: 9zg 11765= 23530@2:z»Ç°§ZC Ù

:w@* 7, 100,000 =23530+47060+11770+17640


û101ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ xg X`

yÒ» Šg {gHLZÃnzÁZ ~zfāìtÅkZ,Xì ( @' , )¡ÅwúŠg Æ4Z~ unzÁZ ~zf {g !* zŠÐZ ÂÔ ñY$¹!* /Zz¼ˆÆ¶Š ¤

çOXì @* Y¹ ó Šó g L L~b ˜ZÐZgzZÔì @* 7, ** ™„ÐÚʼn

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:÷sfzgq}°‡zŠÆkZ :Š æOÇZˆz»_g Zz ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ ( 1) {°‡ /

:Š æOÇZˆz»_g Zz‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰D2E{°‡

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/


û102ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

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X ñY¬ŠˆÆä™k , ’zgH»kZgzZ_g ZzC Ù Æ÷Åè

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» kZ Âì ÁÐ 1‰·ù¤ /Z gzZ Yƒ7ó Šó g L LÌQì {Š c* iÐ 1c* X Ï} 7, ]gz¢Å ó Šó g L L~ZkZāìtÈ

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X I0'gßgetb§ÏZŠ¼c* ǃuZz½~]gßzŠC Ù Q?7

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ƒ:åz²ZuZ~Y U* gz èkZ Âc* ƒ:ŠŽñðÃÐ~~çVx~Y U* gzÆkZāè+Z X å[0* ]Ãz¬ÐkZ Z hŽ »kZ1¶Å Â~Š ÷ á c* gzZ¶Å7„Š ÷ áä Š¼k»Z ( 2) uZz½( 1)ÐVƒÆnzŠY U* gz

:uZz½ —"VƒÆnq -Z‰Æƒ  ªVƒÆ½„q -ZY U* gzÆè :Vƒ±5BVÅsfÔƒ: ðÃÐ~~çVxgzZÔVƒ{Š c* iŠ Z®ÅyZ kZI{g VÃ Ó &sÜU* gzÆT Zƒ]¯¿q -Z

:( 1)wV


û103ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ Å&çOX ÇñY H„' , Z' ,' , Z' ,6,Y U* gzÀÃāF, ā ǃtX~ ]gß :}ÇñYH„6, õ0* c* g e~]gßÅ õ0* c* g egzZ6, &~]gß ³³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ jþ nÚ e

e

e

1/3

1/3

1/3

³³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ jþ nÚ Ç 1/5

Ç 1/5

Ç

Ç

Ç

1/5

1/5

1/5

˜W [Âèa VÂgßÑ!* {gÃèZ®ì ˆÅÐ ó ó 1L L óCÅb)~ Z åE ™Ég ZlÅāF, (Å 1 ~ ]gßÅāF, X ÷ ‰ á ïÐ1 { Ì~ C 1 X ÇñWò~āF, z»_g ZzC Ù Â}™„

2 /3

ÃV“c* V@ƒ  yZ Â@* ƒŠŽñ9ðä /Z~VÂgßÑ!* {gÃè C 1

9èa VŒ1Ô * @Y c* ŠÃ] éE 5{“{z Ç1/3 ŽgzZ * @YH„yxgŠÆƒ  yZ& M

ˆÆ2/3 Z®7ðà 1X ì * @Y ¹ ó Šó g L L~ b ˜Z&Ô Š Hc* ŠÃ4Z Ì1/3 ¹!*

]gßÏZ Z®Ô ÷ ' , Z' ,{ƃ  yZ ªì ÐuZz ½m»Y U* gzƒ  èa VŒ ~tŠgXāìg c* ]!* tX Š HH„' , Z' ,yxgŠÆnzÁZ ~zfƒ  yZāF,Zg ‚~

G yÒ~x £LZb)ÆŠgXƒˆÆóŠó g L Ž L ǃx„zz »_g Zz~āF, XÐN Y


û104ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

:Š¼k»Z VƒZ̉ÆyZB‚B‚ÆY U* gz›®āìtÈ»kZ :}B‚ÆVâzŠ c* ƒÐ C1 q âq -Zm»‰yZì e

:( 2)wV

( Vƒ¦k‡gzZÛ~T )

ÅāF, /ZX ˆ{g C7 q ¤ -ZgzZe q -ZÐ ~U* gzÆkZ Zƒ]¯¿q -Z ?ǃHzµ Zµ Z » U* gzÂì ( 100000 )9zgÄÑq -Zg Zl ³³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ jþ nÚ C7

e

1/6

1/2

0.1667

0.5

0.6667 =0.1667+0.5

:‰·ù

X ÇñYH ó Šó g L LVŒZ®7ðÃÌ9gzZì ÁÐ"1"‰·ùèa :ƒ±56, ÔŒ Z X ÷‰ G„~q Zâ ZzŠÃV”ÀgÃè~u0* yWÛŒāìt,Å q â: C 1 ( ƒ@* ƒ„6, 2` %»XÔāŒV-6, gîÆã‚W ) y Ô,g ÔÛ X :wzZ q â I& ( ƒ@* ƒ„6, 3 ` %»Xª) k‡ Ô u Ô y é5ÒI X : xzŠ q â c* VƒÆwzZ q âì eÔVƒZÐ}uzŠq -Z™ƒŠ¼{~qçñck , iÎ E G& X Vƒ( Æx ZŠ q â‰gzZÆwzZ q ≪) ûÒ5BÆVâzŠ c* VƒÆxzŠ


û105ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ ³³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ jþ nÚ C7

e

1/6

1/2

0.1667

0.5

0.1667

0.5

0.6667

0.6667

= 0.25 25%

= 0.75

:{ÝZ

C 1 Š°Zˆ{

75%

{~‚

F„ :ƒx¥āF, /ZgzZ :ā, ¤ āF, À XŠ°Zˆz~X :z~āF, À 9zg 75000 = 0.75X100000 :z»e ( 1) 9zg 25000 = 0.25X100000 :z» C7 ( 2) 9zg 100,000 = 25000+75000

:w@* 7,

9gzZì ÁÐ "1" ‰·ùX 0.6667 =0.1667+0.5 :‰·ù C 1 Š°ZIz

äƒ:Æåz²ZuZgzZ ÇñYH óŠó g L LVŒZ®7ðÃÌ

‰·ù =Š°Zˆz

X ǃ wEZ 1{°‡ÐzzÅ


û106ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

( 3)wV

( Vƒk‡zŠgzZÛ~T)

/ZX ‰ {gVâgzZ C7q ¤ -ZÔeq -ZÐ~U* gzÆkZ Zƒ]¯¿q -Z ?ǃHzµ Zµ Z » U* gzƒ( 100000 )9zgÄÑq -ZgZlÅāF, ³³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ jþ nÚ Vâ

C7

e

1/6

1/6

1/2

0.1667

0.1667

0.5

0.1667 0.8334 = 0.20

0.1667 0.8334 = 0.20

20%

20%

{ÝZ Š°Zˆ{

0.5 0.8334 = 0.60

( 1) {~‚

60%

āF, À Xz~XŠ°Zˆ : z~āF, À

:āF, „

9zg 60000 =0.60X100000 :z»e ( 1) 9zg 20000 =0.20X100000 :z» C7 ( 2) 9zg 20000 =0.20X100000 :z»{−Zz( 3) 0.8334 = 0.1667 + 0.1667 + 0.5

:‰·ù

( 1)

Xì Å óŠó g L L]gßtZ®7ðÃÌ9gzZì ÁÐ"1"‰·ùèa X ǃt :Z » 1{°‡VŒZ®7ŠŽñåz²ZuZ~kZ,i Z {z´


û107ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

:( 4)wV Xì9zg ( 100000)ÄÑq -ZāF, gzZÔVƒ¦k‡gzZu~T

³³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ þjnÚ {−Zz

ð¸Ç°ìZ

1/6

1/3

0.1666 0.1666 0.5

0.3334 0.3334 0.5

=0.3332

= 0.6668

33.32%

66.68%

{ÝZ {Š°Zˆ ( 1)

{~‚

:ā, F„ 9zg 66680 =100000X0.6668 :z» ð¸Ç°ìZ

( 1)

:z»{−Zz

( 2)

9zg 33320 =100000X0.3332

ÁÐ "1"‰·ùèa ,0.5 = 0.1666 + 0.3334 : ‰·ù

( 1)

X ǃt :Z » 1{°‡ÌVŒZ®7ŠŽñåz²ZuZgzZì


û108ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

:( 5)wV Xì9zg ( 100000)ÄÑq -ZāF, gzZÔVƒ¦ugzZÛ~T

³³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ jþ nÚ {−Zz

ÇÇ

1& 3

1&2

(0.3334)

(0.5)

0.3334/0.8334

0.5/0.8334

=0.40

= 0.60

40%

60%

{ÝZ Š°Zˆ{ ( 1) {~‚

:ā, F„ āF, À X Š°Zˆz~Z : z»_g Zz~ÆF, 9zg 60,000 = 100,000 < 0.60 :z»ÇÇ ( 1) 9zg 40,00 = 100,000 < 0.40 : z»{−Zz ( 2) ì ÁÐ"1"‰·ùèa ,0.8334 = 0.3334+ 0.5:‰·ù

( 1)

X ǃt :Z » 1{°‡ÌVŒZ®7ŠŽñåz²ZuZgzZ


û109ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ I& X Vƒ¦k‡q -ZgzZ ( y é5ÒI )uzŠ~XZ # :( 6)wV ³³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ þjnÚ Vâ

VÃ Ó 2

1& 6

2& 3

(0.1666)

(0.6667)

0.1666 0.8333

0.6667 0.8333

=0.20 c*20%

=0.80 c*80%

{ÝZ ( 1)

gzZÝZ {~‚ Š°Zˆ

:āF, „ āF, À X z~Z : z»_g Zz~ÆF, 9zg 80000 = 100000<0.80 :z»V@2 ( 1) 9zg 20000 = 100000 <0,20 : î~O 8»{−Zz ( 2)

‰·ùèa , 0.8333 = 0.1666 + 0.6667 : ‰·ù

( 1)

X ǃt :Z » 1{°‡ÌVŒZ®7ŠŽñåz²ZuZgzZì ÁÐ"1"


û110ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

( 2) åz²ZuZ ì nzÁZ ~zf~yZ1Vƒ: ðà Â] éE gz ÆèË 5{“Ð~Y U* 4] -E nzÁZ ~zfB‚Æ u ŽñÌ( Ð ~ ~ç Vxªåz²ZuZ ) öE X ÇñYHwEZà 2{°‡nÆkZXƒ ( 2) å‚Â^Î G$ â X Š æOÇZIz åz²ZuZðö§E ·ù»‰ÀÆ:Šk , ð

:Š æOÇZˆz»_g Zz

:ì ~gz¢* *™x¥»Vzq3nÆiÆ"Šgb)"ÆnkZ .{)zu,gÔÛ}ì 6 , gî¦Ñ{z»TzÝZ »_g ZzË( 1)

G $ uZāìt È » kZ ó óåz²ZuZ ðö§E â L LÐ ~ nzÁZ ~zf ( 2) 1/4) ,gz» ~ç~]gßˤ /Z }X ñYHtÐ"1"z»åz²Z

C( 0.25ª X ÇñY0 0.75=1-0.25åz²ZuZð†â Âì á ·ù»‰ÆnzÁZ ~zf yZŠ Z%ÐkZX·ù»‰Æ:Šk , ð ( 3) ÆåziātŠ Z%c* ÷unzÁZ ~zfŠ Z%ÐyZvŠp Ö!* ƒ@* YHŠg6, X X ÷ï÷ á ~yZnzÁZ ~zf}g ‚¹!* { z´


û111ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ Æä™ `gŠ~( !ñg Ã) {°‡Ñ!* {gÃèÆ™x¥ÃgñZVÐyZçO E G 4 G S / п! ˆZ #ˆ X ÇñYƒÝq ( Š°Zˆ)z»_g Zz îE @G&ÂñYg ¦

:( 1)wV .4Ô ~çq -ZúgzZ Zƒ]¯Ð {gY U* gz ¨ä°ìZ 6gzZ]Z]

X ,™x¥z»_g ZzC ٠ƒ9zg( 100000)ÄÑq -ZāF, À¤ /ZX ‰ ³³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ ³þ jþ nÚ 6xÑ]Zp Z

4]Z] .

zzi

1/3

1/6

1/4

(0.3334)

(0.1667)

(0.25)

0.5

0.25

50%

25%

õzO 8ÝZ Š°Zˆ{

25%

{~‚

:, 0.750

= 0.3334 + 0.1667+ 0.25 :·ù»‰À

Xì Å ó Šó g L L]gßtZ®7ðÃÌ9gzZì ÁÐ"1"‰·ùèa X ǃt:Z » 2{°‡VŒZ®ìŠŽñåz²ZuZ~kZ,i Z {z´


û112ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ G$ åz²ZuZðö§E â X Š æOÇZIz :Š æOÇZˆz»_gZz ·ù»‰ÀÆ:Šk , ð :Ð~X !gñZ :÷sfzgŠ 2¹!* Hƒx¥6, Š zZ  ó Šó æOÇZIzL Lª( 1) = ·ù»‰ÆÜãn×  †m àÚ ( 2) 0.50

= 0.3334 + 0.1667:

0.75 = 1 - 0.25V

ànqæˆÖ] ‚u] àÚ oÏe^Ú ( 3)

ÆzziVŒì 5¬ÐZŽ ǃz„z »zzi Z® Yƒ7Šg6,zzièa :6, ¯Å{gÃè{°‡çOX ÇñYc* ŠzÃyZÆ™Šg6, { z´ 25% c* 0.25 =

0.75 X0.16667 0.50

:Š°Zˆz»]Z] .4 ( 2)

0.5 = 50% c*

0.75 X0.3334 0.5 0

:Š°Zˆz»xÑZŠ ÑzZ 6 ( 3) :ā, F„

9zg 25000 = 100000 X 0.25 : z»V- Š ZŠ 4 ( 1)

9zg 12500 : 25000/4: z» ~Š ZŠq -ZC Ù Z®

9zg 50000=100000 X0.5:z»V–¸Ç°ìZ 6( 2)

9zg 8333.333 =50000/6 :z» ð¸Çq -ZC Ù Z® 9zg25000

= 100000 X 0,25

:z»zzi ( 3)


û113ü‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰V $ZgzÈâ ‡»xsZ

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:·ù»‰À

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