Page 1

IgA English Lenguage and communication 3ro “c”

Tuberculosis Dulce Barillas Elvira Carrillo Siomara Díaz Allison Mejia Sharon Marroquín Lynda Paz

What is Tuberculosis? Is a bacterial infection that can spread through the lymph nodes and bloodstream to any organ in your body. It is most often found in the lungs. Most people who are exposed to TB never develop symptoms because the bacteria can live in an inactive form in the body.

What causes this disease? Tuberculosis is ultimately caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a bacterium that is spread from person to person through air particles. Inhaling infected particles does not necessarily mean that a person becomes infected. One of three things may happen when Mycobacterium tuberculosis enters the human body: The bacterium is destroyed because the body has a strong immune system. The bacterium enters the body and remains as latent TB infection. The patient has no symptoms and cannot transmit it to other people. The patient becomes ill with TB.

What are the Tuberculosis symptoms? •

Overall sensation of feeling unwell

• • • • • • •

Cough, possibly with bloody mucus Fatigue Shortness of breath Weight loss Slight fever Night sweats Pain in the chest

Virtually all of the symptoms of tuberculosis can be confused with symptoms of other diseases. Bloody mucus, for example, can also be a symptom of bronchitis or pneumonia. An evaluation by your doctor is key to confirming whether you have latent TB infection, active TB disease, or some other condition.

How can you cure this disease? With appropriate antibiotic treatment, TB can be cured in most people. Treatment usually involves taking several antibiotic drugs for at least 6 months and sometimes for as long as 12 months. Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR TB) is TB that is resistant to at least two of the best Food and Drug Administration-approved anti-TB drugs, isoniazid and rifampicin. These antibiotics are considered first-line drugs and are the first medicines used to treat all persons with TB disease.

Who normally gets the sickness? Normally happens a lot in children and elderly because their defenses are not as strong to attack this disease

is it a dangerous sickness? Yes it is, because it can be deadly if they not treated early

What can you do when you get it? The patient should follow a diet of nutritious foods and watch stand for several months, essential for a full recovery, sometimes, to limit contagion and ensure food and proper treatment, the patient is hospitalized during the first weeks of treatment.

Have you ever had this sickness? No, I haven’t