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T-shirt (T shirt or tee)

(Basic Re-search)

T-shirt is a style of shirt. A T-shirt's defining characteristic is the T shape made with the body and sleeves. It is normally associated with short sleeves, a round neck line, and no collar. However, it may also include long sleeves, buttons, collars, or v-necks. T-shirts are typically made of cotton fibers (sometimes others), knitted together in a jersey stitch that gives a T-shirt its distinctive soft texture. History: The U.S. Navy issuing crew-necked, short-sleeved, white cotton undershirts around 1913. The newly created shirt allowed ease of movement and quick drying. By the 1920s the T-shirt had become an official tern in the American English Dictionary. By the late 1930s a couple of US retailers were marketing them, namely Hanes, Fruit of the Loom and Sears, Roebuck & Co. Apparently this blossoming fashion did have one setback - in 1934 Clark Gable took off his clothes to reveal no t-shirt at all in the comedy 'It Happened One Night.'., Nothing but a bare chest. This it seems sent t-shirt sales plummeting for a while. By World War II both the US Navy and army were wearing standard issue t-shirts as underwear. However, it was really in the 1940’s that the t-shirt really got going with returning US servicemen. The Smithsonian museum has ‘the oldest printed T-shirt’ on record in their collection and on display. It is a campaign shirt for New York Gov. Thomas Dewey's 1948 presidential campaign.

Hollywood inevitably had the biggest impact on the classic tee with such iconic images as Brando's T-shirt in the 1951 'A Streetcar Named Desire' and James Dean's unforgettable white tee in 'Rebel Without a Cause' in 1955, which made t-shirt wearing cool and rebellious. This was followed by Elvis Presley and others adding to its popularity. Protest Issues -The 1960s saw the birth of the tie-dye craze in T-shirts and by the late 1960’s the introduction of screen printing guaranteed its success as a fashion accessory.


The t-shirt became a vehicle for publicising social change and political unrest . Fashionwise the classic tee soon spawned a number of variations such as the tank top, the V-neck, scoop neck and the muscle shirt. During the 60’s and 70's it was also music that capitalised on the popularity of the t-shirt. Rock bands began selling them at concerts with images and slogans and merchandising soon became a big money spinner.

The surfing t-shirt-Surfing has left its mark on the history of the t-shirt and fashion. The earliest examples of surfing t-shirts were no more than early marketing tools. Back in 1961 a Californian surfboard maker Floyd Smith is often credited as the first. Smith asked local surfers to bring their white t-shirts to his shop and he would screen print the company logo across it. Later that year t-shirts were made to advertise the Makaha International Surfing Championships.Within a few years the landscape had changed completely with thousands of surf company t-shirts appearing. They quickly became "symbols of the casual and free spirited surfing lifestyle".Today in excess of 300 million surfing t-shirts alone are produced across the globe.

Today the influence of the humble t-shirt reaches every high street and back alley across

the planet. Once again social issues are topical along with environmental concerns such as global warming. The t-shirt has certainly stood the test of time and it has a long way to go yet.

Design planning

For a T-SHIRT a specific purpose; plan to mark out a plan, sketch, or preliminary drawing the arrangement or pattern of elements or features of artistic or decorative work a finished artistic or decorative creation the art of designing a plan, scheme, or project an end aimed at or planned.

Design can add artistic flair to simple products to make them more appealing to consumers. Plain T-shirts for instance can be transformed into attractive wear for people of all ages through design. Designing T-shirts can be done easily with some ingenuity and artistic ability.

Production:

ďƒ˜ Fabric:-

The majority of T-shirts are made of 100% cotton, polyester, or a cotton/polyester blend. Environmentally conscious manufacturers may use organically grown cotton and natural dyes. Stretchable T-shirts are made of knit fabrics, especially jerseys, rib knits, and interlock rib knits, which consist of two ribbed fabrics that are joined together. Jerseys are most frequently used since they are versatile, comfortable, and relatively inexpensive. They also are a popular material for applying screen prints and heat transfers. Some jerseys come in tubular form, simplifying the production


process by reducing the number of seams. Rib knit fabrics is often used when a snugger fit is desired. Many higher quality T-shirts are made of durable Interlock rib knit Fabric.

ďƒ˜ Color:-

Several types and colors of thread may be used to make a single T-shirt. Some manufacturers use white thread for seams on all their shirts, regardless of color, thus eliminating the extra labor involved in changing the thread. Visible topstitching is done with a color of thread that blends with the fabric. Colorless, or monofilament, thread could be used for hems of any color fabric, again eliminating the need to change thread often, though monofilament thread may irritate the skin somewhat. Finally, optional decorative features may include trim, such as braiding.

ďƒ˜ Construction:1. Pattern:

The T-shirt style is designed and the dimensions are transferred to patterns. Adjustments are made for size differences and stylistic preferences. 2. Cutting:

The T-shirt sections are cut to the dimensions of the patterns. The pieces consist of a tubed body, or separate front and back sections, sleeves, perhaps pockets, and trim.


3. Swing:

stitching for the most efficient operations. The most commonly used seams for T-shirts are narrow, superimposed seams, which are usually made by placing one piece of fabric onto another and lining up the seam edges. This particular seam and stitch combination results in flexible finished seam.

Costing:-

Costing is a very complex procedure, with set patterns and guidelines followed by the industry, and it is difficult to find out costs for every process there are some inbuilt costs while costing. Garment costing includes all the activities like purchase of raw materials and accessories, knitting fabrics, processing and finishing of fabrics, sewing and packing of garments, transport and conveyance, shipping, over heads, banking charges and commissions, etc. Now keep in mind, the cost the garment is information will need from the factory. A simple formula is used to calculate the cost of the garment and looks like this: Costs of fabric + Trims + Labor + Business overhead + Profit = Garment Cost

Finishing:T-shirt Discuss the various finishing services that can help showcase your brand. Topics include custom neck tag labels, hang tags, garment washes, folding, bagging and even shipment/packaging options. A collar stand is the section of a collar that falls between the collar crease line and the neckline. After creating the collar and tacking it to the neckline, it is time to sew the top stitch that will hide the rough edge of the collar stand and finish the garment. Below are the basic guidelines for completingthis sewing technique using a sewing machine.

Packaging:-

Packaging depends on the type of T-shirt and the intended distribution outlet. For underwear, the shirts are folded and packaged in pre-printed bags, usually of clear plastic, that list information about the product. Shirts may be boarded, or folded around a piece of cardboard, so that they maintain their shape during shipping and on the shelf. Finally, they are placed into boxes by the dozen or half-dozen.


T shirt  

History & Design planing

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