Portfolio | Shaohua Dong
Portfolio | Shaohua Dong 2011 - 2018
New Urban Alarmar Renovating Manifesto for Existing Collection Housing | Havana, Cuba
Urban Canopy Timber In the City | New York City, NY
Bridging Over Small Intervention on Historical Site | Getaria, Spain
Sprawl to Horizon Urban Re-activation from Old City Patterns | Catagena, Colombia
Elisyum Chicago Nature Inhabitation on Man-made | Chicago, IL
Other Works Nature Inhabitation on Man-made | Chicago, IL
Rebuild Alamar Renovating Manifesto for Existing Collection Housing Spring 2-017 Instructor: Tao Dufour Individual Project Selected Work of Association 10 (Cornell AAP) Exhibition - La Habana - Student Works Nowadays, housing issue a severe issue in developing countries by not only the decay of quality but the flaw of the way they were invented. Replacing these sick dwelling is almost impossible due to their increadible amount. In this project, I came up a solution on helping changing the current housing situation of Alamar, Havana to improve man's life not only physically but ideologically.
[1519. Cojimar, Habana del Este]
[1957. Road Tunnel, Bay Habana]
[1961. Camilo Cienfuegos]
[1970s-80s, Alamar, ]
[1984, Housing Law]
[1990, Villa Panamericana]
[Coastline, Habana del Este]
[Finger Ground, Habana del Este]
[Street Hierachy, Habana del Este]
[Alamar, Havana] As the outcome after the Housing Crisis during Cuban Revolution, Alamar was assigned to be one of the most important housing project in La Habana, which contained most of the
prefabrication genes learned from Soviet Union: a quick, efficient building construction technology which helped to solve the shortage of housing.
[Repetition] Alamar as a project applied a straightforward strategy on its urban development: Repetition. Such simple urbanism logic brought about many issues including low-efficient circulation, the decay of the building material, and most
importantly, the creation of thousands of nuclear units without providing sharing spaces to fulfill the socialism agenda. Seeking a way to renovate this housing typology is essential to restore the meaning of Alamar.
[Add and Subtract] Following the principle of providing sufficient spaces for daily activities and public uses, a Subtraction strategy is proposed: to select and take-away several unit modulars to
create void for spaces. Additional units are replaced back on each end of each blocks to also provide new dwells for new families.
[Corridor as Public Space] The elongated corridor changes the entire circulation system of each block, and also expands manâ€™s life from vertically to horizontally. A wide, roomy public space is inserted
in front of each dwell for people to stay, chat, planting, and interacting. The corridor fulfill the ideology of the socialism agenda physically.
[Void as Balcony] The subtraction idea releases more semi-public spaces in between neighbors. The actual functions of such void
spaces will leave for people to define, which can be storage, laundry, shared-balcony, shared dinning space, etc.
[Social Life] The void spaces has varied sizes to provide hierachies of spatial usage. The smaller space will provide semi-public spaces between couple neighbors to release their in-door private spaces outdoor The secondary void sizes are arranged one to each floor, to provide a bigger sharing spaces for dinning, gaming, chatting, etc. There are also large scaled void spaces which created by add-on structures in between adjacent building blocks. To provide socialism programs such as conference room, movie threater, etc.
The connecting of corridors will transform the regular building blocks into superblocks, to link peopleâ€™s social life more widely into an urban scale. The connection nodes between two blocks are then functioning as urban programs such as farmers market, theater, social club, nursery and schools, etc.
Urban Canopy Mix-use timber competition in lower east side of Manhattan Fall 2015 Instructor: Jungwoo Ji Team with: Yizhi Yew, Chunhui Liu Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) Competition Timber In the City: Urban Habitats Competition2015-2016
In many cultures of man's world, the timber equals to architecture. The knowledge of using timber as building material was as important as we understanding concrete and masonry in nowadays. However, we rarely notice the trace Timber as main structure or building elements in the architecture in our big cities. It becomes the big question mark of how and why we use timber again in our extruding physical world.
[Market From Old Location]
[Andy Walhol Museum]
[Programs and Circulation]
The major challenge of this huge site (430' x 270') is a how to integrate a Museum for Andy Warhol, a new location of Essex Street Market, and low-income residence.
performs as an entrance for the public courtyards. There are four public entrances for the two-central courtyard, and they are connecting through a passage way across the museum.
Our decision of programming is straightforward based on site analysis. The Essex Market moved across the Delancey St. sits along the Essex St. The museum is placed across the entire site with its zigzag shape. It interlocks with the market with one side "heads up",
There are two residence towers, one locates on the east side, one locates west side above the market. Two main lobbies contain several cores locate on two side of the site and mainly circulate people from up and down
[4th & 5th floor]
[6th & 7th floor]
[Residential Floor Structure]
[Structure Exploded View]
[ View from South Entrace]
[Timber as Structure] Timber is the main material in all the programs of this mix-use complx, residence, museum, market, courtyard. While the approaches of using timber is different in order to create different space and programs.
[North Entrance from Delancy St.]
[View from Courtyard]
[2rd Level Market/Cafe]
[View from Residential Lobby] [Public vs. Semi-Public] The timber canopy goes across all programs in this complex. The intersections of the canopy and the programs are formed into different levels of public spaces: the courtyard, the outdoor cafe in the second level of the market, as well as the main lobby of the residential towers.
[Aerial View, NW]
[Vertical vs. Horizontal] All three programs are extruded from the ground level. The main lobby, locates on the east side of the complex, connect the circulation to the east residential tower; the south tower circulated through the south lobby. The zigzag arrangement of the museum space appeared in the middle of the void and surrounded by the two courtyards. On the very west side of the campus locates the market, where easily connect itself with public transportation.
[Timber and City] In its low-income neighborhood, we elaborately consider how to interact each programs while keeping the existence boundary. The courtyard provides the solution that joins three programs as well as articulating the context by welcoming people to interact.
Street View, NW Side
Bridging Over City / Intervention, Ruins / Preservation Individual Project
Instructor: Ruben Alcolea
This work provides a solution of the dealing with complicated relationship between spatial intervention and historical context. The design seeking closely to the everlasting, in opposition to trivial and mass-producing idea of form and space.
[Borrowing & Give Back] "When we borrow something from the city, we give something back" In order to not be restrained by the existing site block footprint, the concept is to extend the program toward the north, where used to be a void space. I call that the "Borrow". On the other hand, scoop out the ruins from the site towards the small piazza in front of the church, to form a bigger one. And this is the "Donate"
[Ground Floor Exploded View]
[View from Seaside Street] [Connection & Permeability] When I walk on the two streets on each side of the site, it impressed me with different feelings: the outer side is bright with less blocking from the sun, facing to the sea, which is releasing a mood of lively and cheerful; while on the other side, the street is old and condensed, but is not depressed and recalling people about history. I was wondering if I could break the boundary between these two worlds, make them permeable visually and physically? I tested this
concept by replacing the existing old walls with purely curtain walls, which wraps up the perimeter of the ground floor area with its main program as gallery space. The zigzag gesture of the curtain wall creates some airy void between the ruin underneath and the street, which enhances the contacting between visitors and the physical history without seeing through the translucent materials.
[Street View from NE Side]
[Section Render] [Bridging for Respect] The idea of bridging allows me to create intervention without touching the ruins. There are columns support ing the upper levels structures. The body of the bridge is hung down from the concrete beams to form a "basket". By applying translucent material, the basket allow people to look down and look out while they walking over the ruins
[Concrete & Steel] Concrete is mainly used in this design on the upper levels structures, as it is a humble and durable material that will performs well in its context By using steel the bridging structure will then be able to work both in compression (columns on corners to support upper level) and tension (to hang the basket) forces. The steel is wrapped with copper as they perform a better color to match the historical ambience.
[Visitor on the Bridge]
[Panorama Interior View]
Sprawl To Horizon Urban Re-activation from Old City Patterns Spring 2015
AA Visiting School
Instructor: Naiara Vegara, Marie Isabel de Monseignat
Cartagena locates the northern coast of Caribbean Coast Region. It is one of the most influential city of Colombia because its context and geography, which makes its historically famous as a port, and a tourism hotspot. The city is keeping expanding from the oldest district, where locates the fort wall for defense in the old days. Our site, locates inside Bocagrande district, is an abandoned navy base looking for new activation.
[Sea, Traffic, Attraction, Greenery]
[Gate of Santo Domingo]
[Parks & Gardens]
[Building, Plaza, Attraction, Traffic]
[Clock Monument Plaza]
[Building, Traffic, Garden]
[Catagena Centenary Park]
[Sea, Garden, Traffic, Building]
[Water Front Park, 24th St.]
[Formal vs. Informal] The formal and informal businesses caught my attention as they all distributed around the anchor points realm. The formal business indicates the shop, market, and other types of commercial store that is physically fixed in position. While the informal business is not fixed in position but floating in a range of the anchor point area.
[Part 1 | Urban Analysis] Before I jump into designing the specific site, the analysis of the old district - especially the old city center is essential. Here I found inter-esting fact that I think is the inspiration for me to think about how to create intervention as successful as the historical district.
Gate of Santo Domingo
Clock Monument Plaza Catagena Centenary Park
Water Front Park
[Anchor Points | Activation] As a historical tourism city, the old center district of Cartagena is full of attractions. The city wall is the most influential one, and is broke down into several attractions including the Gate of Santo Domingo and Clock Monument. What is more, there are numerous attractions that is not aged but mostly are parks and gardens. It is surprised to see their greenery that helps to enhance the activation of the city. I observed the approach the city uses to activate itself from obsolete. The attractions, or in another term the anchor points are seems intentionally set sporadically in the city that attract people to gather. The anchor points are never lonely, as they come with a set of other elements to form a combination.
Old Navy Base The site is an abandoned Navy base. I choose to use part of it which I believe potentially able to be activated with its beautiful context
[Activation Level & Distribution] [Old Navy Base]
[Building, Greenery, Sea]
[Clock Monument Plaza] A landmark or attraction always bring people, the Clock Monument carries the same duty. What is more, it is as the boundary that separates the inside plaza with formal business and outside traffic. The walkable feature lifts people to an new height of view and promotes its capacity of urban activation.
[Man & Car]
[Catagena Centenary Park] As one of the biggest park in Cartagena, the greenery of Centenary Park brings people to rest and interact inside the small urban realm. The fence of the park is the boundary that makes people wonder what is going on inside, separate the quietness and the traffic. The activated area around the park just like a bended street, with one side of nature and one side of business.
[Man & Car]
[Gate of Santo Domingo] Gate of Santo Domingo is the most attractive spot of old Cartagena district, which lifed people in a height, while elongates their view along the endless sea. It itself is a boundary that seperate the urban fabric and nature, successfully activates that area by brings people up.
[Man & Car]
[Water Front Park] The Water Front Park sits along the one of the busiest street in Cartagena. The greenery belt along the park works as the boundary from the traffic, makes the interior of the park quiet and attractive. The seaside feature enhances its beauty that successfully brings people in.
[Man & Car]
[Part 2. | New Anchor Point] The original site consists with numerous of warehouses and three office buildings served for the navy. I decided to keep the warehouses as the spaces for market and formal business locations. The north portion of the warehouses were programming into restaurants, the south part is mainly for shopping. The one in between the north and the south part of warehouse is the library, and there remains a boating port and boat renting warehouse on the end of the east site. The offices will be removed and replaced by a theater as an anchor point. The logic behind this combination is a maximum activation program during a day: The market, informal business and 3-D street would attract tourists and local people in the day time. And at the night, the restaurant and theater would continuely activate this district from silence.
[Adding Anchor Point]
Drama Theater Library & Cafe
Water Entertainment Center
Commercial Booth Shopping Corridor
[Aerial View] The elongate street, as the concept of extends one's experience by walking in this area, also enhance one's visual enjoyment by changing one's viewing angles and sequences. This is a rich sequence of sight by seeing the street, then the sea, then the market, and then the sea again...
Elysium Chicago Seeking for Industrial Green Fall 2014, Instructor: Bonvehi Montserrat Team with: Ran Gu, Donnie Hull, Zhaoyu Zhu As a huge metropolitan area with signification in economy and industry of United States, Chicago has a profound base of industry that developed by the result of economy and population boom. "Build, Build, Build" was the main theme of Chicago's industry back to 20th. However, many of the infrastructures are abandoned due to many aspects of factors. On the other hand, they are still occupying enormous range of land that cannot be easily reuse or replace. We as a team were seeking to find the "how" in terms of efficiency to use these abandoned infrastructure, to find the right treatment to deal with the contaminating land.
[Part 1. Study of Infrastructure] The boom of urbanism boosted the developing of Chicago's industry and brought enormous infrastructures. However, the evolution and transformation in the late 20th century soon replaced the existing old infrastructures with more efficient ones. The old infrastructures were abandoned, while they were too "heavy" and huge to be removed as well. The transformation of the industry left enormous Chicago land as useless and ugly. At the meantime, NYC Highland project provided the solution of "Re-Use" the urban infrastructures, which is inspirable of thinking how to apply such strategy on not just abandoned railways, but to all other types of infrastructures in Chicago? The first step of the research is to find all types of infrastructure typologies and find their spatial potentials, as well as their locations.
[Tracks] [Lifted Tracks]
[Tracks on Lowland]
[Highway in Lowland]
[Mapping of Chicago Green vs. Industrail Distribution]
[Steels To New Green] Chicago River then became our focus of research. We found out numerous amount of abandoned or left over infrastructures along this river. The environmental condition along the river is terrible with contaminating lands distributed sporadically. "What if the steels are trees". We imagined the picture of how the riverside is going to be if all the steel giants are replaced with forest and parks. This is going to be an Elysium image as the Chicago Riverside becomes nature, where it welcomes animals such like bird to be the residents. The amount of animal resident indicates the degree of the greenery along the river.
Therefore, we used birds as the main character of our clients to rethinking of how to re-use these steels as birdâ€™s home. We analyzed different types of bird nests which appear in Chicago realm, some are digging, some are hanging, and some are sit on structures as platform, which are sharing many common characteristics with the infrastructures.
It became a challenge of asking ourselves how to combine the bird nests with infrastructures.
[Pendant] [Cup] [Cavity]
[Track Junction] [Scrape]
[Sphere] [Harbor] [Lifted Highway]
[Platform on Water]
[Existing Land Condition]
[New Train Station]
[Treatment to Waste Land]
[Covered with Greenery]
[Part 2. Site Intervention] Our strategy on our site is Re-use + New Intervention. In our proposal, we will firstly remove the redundant infrastructures and old buildings. We will keep the main railway tracks and re-use them as the tracks for new train station. At the meantime, the treatment will be given to the contaminating
land on the east side of our site, as the way to maximize our Green intervention inside the city realm. Once the structure emerges above the new railway station, the site will be covered with soil and transformed into potential green land, optimistically combines the contaminating land on its east side.
[Green Mat Strategy-Axo Example]
[Modules / Variation / Scales] We realized at the beginning that the structure for this “Soil Mat” is going to be enormous. In order to habitat different types of plants and greenery, we modulized our specific container column into four different variations in terms of depths and widths. The deepest container is able to store soil up to 16’. The column arrays will then contribute to hold big size plants with deep roots and a big amount of soil with more footings. The second deepest
container can store up to 8’ soil to inhabit medium sizes of tree or deep roots greenery. The third one, with its maximum depth of 6’, has a wider mouth than the previous two, is able to foster bush-type plants. Lastly, the widest container is about 40’ span, is only able to take soil up to 4’ and only able to foster grass or small greenery on top.
[Module Section Detail]
Other Works Portfolio | Shaohua Dong 2011 - 2018
Spy-Case Spring 2013 Team: A. Vondrak Instructor: James Spiller
80/35 Pavilion Spring 2016
Instructor: Shelby Doyle
Team with: Alexandra Abreu, Donnie Hull, Bryan Johnson, Joshua Neff, Kelsie Stopak, Nathan Peters, Rahul Attraya, Cole Davis, Kaitlin Izer, Coralis Rodriguez, Kyle Vansice, Tom Bos, Nikki Behnke, Hannah Greenfield, Makaela Jimmerson
---ArchDaily, The Best Student Design-Build Projects Worldwide 2016
[Man Looking Up]
New Babylon 3.0 Fall 2017 Individual Project Instructor: Leslie Lok
Our world is confronting an energy crisis with depleting natural resources, especially gas and oil. We must actively rethink our consumption of natural resources on two fronts: First, to seek for renewable energy as the primary source of energy; secondly, to shrink our urban footprint in order to return landscape to its natural state for resisting global warming. People are increasingly identified as â€œglobal citizensâ€? are conveniently connected through networks of transportation system. Constantâ€™s concept of interconnecting mage-structure is now manifested through globalization and its corresponding energy infrastructure: highways, railways, airports, pipelines, electricity grids, internet cables, and more. We can envision the scenario of New Babylon
2.0 where a synthesized global infrastructure can mitigate issues of energy shortage or uneven distribution of energy, meanwhile, it can begin to shape our lifestyle and cities with a different urban formation. We have six main categories of renewable energy on this planet: solar energy, wave energy, hydro energy, wind energy, geo-power, and bio energy. They are distributed around the world in different regions and geographies. Now, let us imagine a physical approach can incorporate them into our habitation space, or even be integrated into our urban fabric, it will drastically reduce the ecological and economical pressure of cities by synthesizing various infrastructural system.
[Renewable Energy Connection]
[Loop as New Urban] The current administration system in US uses county as the basic unit to carry out the state function, is a region in size where one can walk from broader to broader in a day or two. The New Babylon 2.0 will lay across huge range of landscape to obtain renewable energy sources and to form a new administrative unit. And this called The Loop. The loop can now be defined as the state or province. The size of
the loop determined by the amount of energy it could obtain from its context. One loop will typically connect to 100-500 energy points (depends on the totally energy producing), it absorbs, process, store and transports renewable energies to support a population of 1 million to 3 million.
[Solar Tower Monumental Park]
[New Grand Central Station]
[Farmland Near Wind Turbine]
[The Sector] The loop is composed of various sectors. A sector is a basic unit of the new administration system. This term was initially defined by Constant as the perimeter of manâ€™s essential activities. Each sector evenly distributed within the loop, about 8 miles apart and extended from 3-8 miles towards the center of the loop to form habitable areas. Every
sector contains about fifty thousand to one million population to share the energy equally. The organization of a cluster of the sectors promote adjacency and connections. Both the energy and transportation systems are connected through the loop. High speed train will be the main transportation within the loop.
Waste to Energy Summer 2016 Team with: Linshen Xie, Tianshu Liu Instructor: Tei Carpenter, Jesse LeCavalier
30% 33.75 m3
30% 958 m3 1029 kg/m3
Diesel 90% (98%) 112.5 m3 101.3 tons
Pressure & Combustion 20% 140 tons 30 tons/d/silo
13% / 33% 125 m3 ~ 0.85 kg/m3
40% 40 tons 0.8 m3 ~50 kg/m3
80% 562 tons 564 m3
96% 183 m3 2.2d x 3h 10m3
17le x 8w x 3h 408m3 10hrs 11.6d x 6h 634m3
Contaminated water 20% / 33% 191 m3 ~ 1.06 kg/m3
Anaerobic Digestion 150 tons/d/silo 400 m3/silo
Digestate Storage 84% 0.395 ton 1.2 ton/d/silo 6 m3
320 L 5.5-7 m3/hr
Powdered Material 84% 151 tons 1.88 m3
Food Waste 3290 tons/d
[Hot Spring / Swimming Pool]
Public Transportation 0.03 m3/car
Residence 3D Printing Green Soil & Landfill
Stock Farming 16147 m2
Pool & Bath Methane
Water Supply 986 tons/d
[Processing Pie Chat]
“We start by thinking that we can ‘save’ something called ‘the world’ ‘over there,’ but end up realizing that we ourselves are implicated…Dark ecology undermines the naturalness of the stories we tell about how we are involved in nature.”
---TimothyMorton, The Ecological Thought
Dream or Reality Summer 2016 Instructor: Michael Young, Kutan Ayata Team with: Ningxin Zhang, Feng Zhao, Mingyue Yang
[â€œDream or Realityâ€œ Exhibition Layout]
[BIM City - New York 2036] Since 1970s, BIM (Building Information Modeling) developed rapidly from life-cycle management to construction, building standardizing, modularizing and efficiency. On the other hand, the big data came along the way and made it inevitably that BIM is going to creates a new architecture era: designers just need to give BIM scripts and BIM will design seamlessly.
Thank you! Portfolio | Shaohua Dong 2011 - 2018
Published on Mar 9, 2018