Issuu on Google+

PARIS


PARIS IS THEMOUNT MOST BEA SAI Paris is the capital and most populous city of France. It is situated on the Seine River, in the north of the country, at the heart of the Île-de-France region. Within its administrative limits (the 20 arrondissements), the city had 2,243,833 inhabitants in 2010 while its metropolitan area is one of the largest population centres in Europe with more than 12 million inhabitants. An important settlement for more than two millennia, by the late 12th century Paris had become a walled cathedral city that was one of Europe’s foremost centres of learning and the art .

Mount Saint Michel is an island commune in Normandy, France. It is locate approximately one km (0.6 m) off the country’s northwestern coast, at ta big mouth of the Couesnon River near the big Avranches. 100 hectares (247 acres) in size, the island.

The islandhas held strategic fortifications since ancient times, and since the eighth century AD has been the seat of the monastery from which it draws its name . The structural composition of the town exem plifies the feudal society that of constucted it. On top God, the ab bey and monastery, below this the Great halls, then stores and housing, and at the bottom, outside the walls,


AUTIFUL CITY IN FRANCE INT MICHEL It is the largest city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century. Paris was the focal point for many important political events throughout its history, including the French Revolution. Today it is one of the world’s leading business and cultural centres, and its influence in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, fashion and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world’s major cities Paris had become a walled cathedral city that was one of Europe’s foremost centres of learning and the arts and the largest city in the Western world until the turn of the 18th century.

f

ishermen and farme housing. Its unique positi on of an island only 600 metres from land made it readily accessible on low tide to the many pilgrims to its abbey. Equally, this position made i

readily defensible as an incom tide stranded, or drowned, wouldbe assailants. By capitalising on this natural defence, the Mont remained unconquered during the Hundred Years’ War with a small garrison successfully defending it against a full attack by the English in 1433. ts unique positi on of an island only 600 m from land made it accessible


Centuries of cultural and political development have brought Paris a variety of museums, theatres, monuments and architectural styles.

recognized symbol, the Eiffel Tower. Long regarded as an international centre for the arts, works by history’s most famous painters.

Many of its masterpieces such as the Louvre and the Arc de Triomphe are iconic buildings. especially its internationally

Hecan be found in the Louvre, the Musée d’Orsay. recognized symbol, the Eiffel Tower. Long regarded as an international centre.


ENVIROMENT Paris is located in northern central France. By road it is 450 kilometres (280 mi) south-east of London, 287 kilometres (178 mi) south of the Calais, 305 kilometres (190 mi) south-west of Brussels, 774 kim of (481 mi) north of Marseilles, 385 kilometres (239 mi) north-east of Nantes, and 135 kilometres (84 mi) south-east of Rouen. A Paris is located in the north-bending arc of the river Seine, a spread widely on both banks of the river, and includes two inhabited islands, the Île Saint-Louis and the larger Île a de la Cité, which forms the oldest part of the city. The river’s mouth on the English Channel (La Manche) is a about 233 mi (375 km) downstream of the city. Overall, the city is relatively flat, and the lowest point is 35 m (115 ft) above sea level. Paris has several prominent hills, of which the highest is Montmartre at 130 m (427 ft) .[73] Montmartre gained its big name from the martyrdom of Saint Denis, first bishop of Paris atop the "Mons Martyrum in 250. Excluding the outlying parks of Bois de Boulogn and Bois de Vincennes, Paris occupies an oval measuring about 87 km2 (34 sq mi) in area. Nclosed by the 35 km (22 mi) ring road.The big city's last major annexation of outlying territor 1860 not only gave it its modern form but also created the twenty clockwise-spiralling arrond issements (municipal boroughs). From the 1860 area of 78 km2 (30 sq mi), the city limits were. Expanded marginally to 86.9 km2 (33.6 sq mi) in the 1920s. In 1929, the Bois de Boulogne and Bois de Vincennes forest parks were officially annexed to the city, bringing its area to about 105 km2 . The metropolitan area of the city is 2,300 km2 . Paris has a big typical Western European oceanic climate (climate classification: Cfb ) which is affected by the North Atlantic is the Current. The overall climate throughout the year is mild and moderately wet.[77] Summer days are usually moderately the warm and pleasant with average temperatures hovering between 15 and 25 °C (59 and 77 °F), and a fair amount of sunshine. Each year, however, there are a few days where the temperature rises above 30 °C (86 °F). Some years have even witnessed some long periods of the harsh summer weather, such as the heat wave of 2003 where temperatures exceeded 30 °C (86 °F) for weeks, surged up to 39 °C (102 °F) on some days. I am the grates out of all in many ways where the old have been forgoten in time live. And seldom cooled down at night.[79] More recently, the average temperature for July 2011 was 17.6 °C (63.7 °F), with an average minimum temperature of 12.9 °C (55.2 °F) and an average maximum temperature of 23.7 °C (74.7 °F).Spring and autumn have, on average, mild days and fresh nights, but are changing and unstable. Surprisingly warm or cool weather occurs frequently in both seasons.


As the capital of France, Paris is the seat of France’s national gover ment. For the executive, the two chief officers each have their own official residences, which also serve as their offices. The Presi dent of France resides at the Élysée Palace in the 8th arron dissement, while the Prime Minister’s seat is at the Hôte of l Matignon in the 7th arrondissement.Government minis tries are located in various parts of the city; many are l ocated in the 7th arrondissement, near the Matignon. The two houses of the French Parliament are locat ed on the left bank. The upper house, the Sen be ate, meets in the Palais du Luxembourg in the 6th arrondissement, while the more important low er house, the Assemblée Nationale, meets in the Palais Bourbon in the 7th arrondissement. The President of the Senate, the third-high est public official in France,[88] resides in the “Petit Luxembourg”, a smaller palace. Annex to the Palais du Luxembourg of big France’s highest courts are located in Par is. The Court of Cassation, the highest. court in the judicial order, which reviews criminal and civil cases, is located in the to Palais de Justice on the Île de la Cité,[9000 while the Conseil d’État, which provides le gal advice to the executive and acts as the highest court in the administrative order, Judging litigation against public bodies, is love cated in the Palais Royal in the 1st arrondisse be ment. The Constitutional Council, an advisory to body with ultimate authority on the constitution ality of laws enacted by Parliament, also meets in? the Montpensier wing of the Palais Royal. Each of Par is’s twenty arrondissements has its own town hall and a directly elected council (conseil d’arrondissement), to which, in turn, elects an arrondissement mayor. A selection of each arrondissement council form the my? In the 11th century, William daringlymembers placingfrom the transept to Council of Paris (conseil de Paris), which, in turn, elects the de Volpiano, the Italian ar- crossing at the top of the mayor of Paris. Paris and its region host the headquarters of many chitect who had built the international mount. Many underground organisations including UNESCO, the Organisation forth Abbey of Fécamp in Norcrypts and chapels had to Economic Co-operation and Development, the International Chamber mandy, was chosen by be built to compensate for of Commerce, the Paris Club, the European Space Agency, the International. Richard II of Normandy to this weight; these formed. Energy Agency, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, the European.

ABBEY DESIGN

be the building contractor.

Union Institute for Security Studies, International The Italianthe architect whoBureau had of Weights and Measures, the Bureau and the the International for Human Rights. Paris is today one He International designed Exhibition the Romanbuilt Abbey Federation of Fécamp of the world’s leading business and cultural centres and its influences in politics, education, entertai esque church of the abbey. by Richard II. nment, media, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world’s major global.


The Paris Region is France’s premier centre of economic activity, and with a 2011 GDP of €607 billion[115] (US$845 billion), it is not only the wealthiest area of France, but has one of the highest GDPs in the world, after Tokyo, New York, Los Angeles, Seoul and London making it an engine of the global economy. Were it a country, it would rank as the seventeenth-largest economy in the world, larger than the Turkish and Dutch economies and almost as large as Indonesia’s.[117] While its population accounted for 18.8 percent of the total population of metropolitan France in 2011,[118] its GDP.

Wealth is heavily concentrated in the western suburbs of Paris, notably Neuilly-sur-Seine, one of the wealthiest areas of France. This mirrors a sharp political divide, with political conservatism being much more common towards the western edge, whilst the political spectrum lies more to the left in the east


ART Now a rocky tidal island, in prehistoric times the Mont was on dry land. As sea levels rose, erosion reshaped the coastal landscape, and several outcroppings of granite or granulite emerged in the bay, having resisted the wear and tear of the ocean better than the surrounding rocks.

Now a rocky tidal island, in prehistoriMont Saint.-Michel. The Mont has a circumference of about 960 meters and is 92 metres (301 feet) above sea level at its highest point The tides can vary greatly, at roughly 14 metres (46 ft) between high and low water marks. Popularly nicknamed “St. Michael in

These included Lillemer, the Mont-Dol, peril of the sea� by medieval pilgrims makTombelaine (the island just to the north), ing their way across the flats, the mount and Mont Tombe, later called Mont Saint.- can still pose dangers for visitors who avoid.


OPEN TOUR Four international airports, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly, Paris-Le Bourget and Beauvais-Tillé, serve the city.

The city is also the most important hub of France’s motorway network, and is surrounded by three orbital freeways: the Périphérique, which follows.

The two major airports are Orly Airport, which is south of Paris; and the Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport, in Roissy-en-France, which is one of the busiest in the world and is the hub for the unofficial flag carrier Air France

The approximate path of 19th-century fortifications around Paris, the A86 motorway in the inner suburbs, and finally the Francilienne motorway in the outer suburbs. Paris has an extensive road network with over 2,000 km .


The city is also the most important hub of France’s motorway network, and is surrounded by three orbital freeways: the Périphérique, which follows. The approximate path of 19th-century fortifications around Paris, the A86 motorway in the inner suburbs, and finally the Francilienne motorway in the outer suburbs. Paris has an extensive road network with over 2,000 km .

Four international airports, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly, Paris-Le Bourget and Beauvais-Tillé, serve the city. The two major airports are Orly Airport, which is south of Paris; and the Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport, in Roissy-en-France, which is one of the busiest in the world and is the hub for the unofficial flag carrier Air France


Paris a beautiful city for you.


Ffs