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Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 1

Common Name: Great White Shark Scientific Name: Carcharodon carcharias Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Lamnidae

Geography / Habitat: Coastal waters with temperatures between 54 degrees and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Found mostly around California, Hawaii, Australia, and places around Asia.

Life Strategy: Great whites do not travel in schools and can be aggressive towards their own kind. Also, they must move at all times to stay alive.

Food / Feed Strategy: Their feeding strategy is to swarm or stalk their prey and then they attack. They mainly eat seals or sea lions but will also eat fish, whales, dolphins, birds, and even humans.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_white_shark


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 2

Common Name: Tiger Shark Scientific Name: Galeocerdo Cuvier Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: Found in tropical and subtropical coastal waters throughout the world. It stays closer to the equator during the colder months and sleeps on the bottom near reefs.

Life Strategy: Tiger sharks for the most part are not part of a school but can be. Also just like the Great White Shark it must keep swimming constantly or it will die of suffocation.

Food / Feed Strategy: Tiger sharks are known as the garbage cans of the ocean b/c they will eat just about anything such as a goat. It will eat fish, seals, bird, humans, but will also eat garbage found along the ocean floor. It is also known for its multiple rows of razor sharp teeth that are used to rip and shred the flesh of animals.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation:http://www.google.com/search?q=tiger+shark&hl=en&qscrl=1&rlz=1T4T SNF_enUS416US419&prmd=imvns&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=E W2YUP34EYSo9gSnooDABw&sqi=2&ved=0CCcQsAQ&biw=1366&bih=584


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 3

Common Name: Bull Shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus leucas Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordate

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: These sharks are found in coastal water and freshwater and saltwater lakes. They can also be found in streams if it is deep enough. They are mainly found in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.

Life Strategy: Bull sharks do not tend to travel in schools of sharks but can sometimes. These sharks reproduce in rivers then travel back to the oceans, such as salmon and trout.

Food / Feed Strategy: Bull sharks generally hunt by themselves but can hunt in pairs as well. They stalk their prey just like most sharks and other predator fish. They will eat fish, other sharks, mammals, humans, and will also eat trash like the blue shark.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bull_shark


Title: Nurse Shark

Species #: 4

Common Name: Nurse Shark Scientific Name: Ginglymostoma cirratum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Ginglymostomatidae

Geography / Habitat: This is an inshore bottom-dwelling shark and is found in tropical and sub-tropical waters. It is mainly found in reefs, islands, and sand flats. They are mainly found in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Life Strategy: Nurse Sharks are nocturnal animals and spend the day of inactive groups of around 40 individuals.

Food / Feed Strategy: These fish eat crustaceans, mollusks, and fish such as stingrays. They are bottom dwellers so the suck up their food with their mouths.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nurse_shark


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 5

Common Name: Black Tip Shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus limbatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: The black tip shark is found all around the world except for in the Arctic Ocean. Mainly found in less than 30 meters on continental shelves. Their favorite habitats are muddy bays, island lagoons, and drop offs near reefs. Life Strategy: These sharks are found mainly in groups. They are a very fast and energetic predator. Just like most sharks they also have to constantly swim to stay alive. These fish have been known to jump out of the water and spin three to four times much like the spinner shark. Food / Feed Strategy: Fish make up 90% of the black tip’s diet. This includes a wide variety of fish. They are also known to eat other smaller sharks. Since the sharks are highly excited and sociable fish they are known to take part in in a large amount of feeding frenzies.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blacktip_shark


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 6

Common Name: Caribbean Reef Shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinius perezi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: The Caribbean reef shark occurs in the Atlantic Ocean from North Carolina all the way to South America. They also patrol the Gulf of Mexico. They prefer Life Strategy: They prefer shallow waters near the coral reefs and they are commonly found near the drop offs at the reefs outer edges. They tend to stay at about 30 meters deep but can dive to around 350 meters if needed.

Food / Feed Strategy: These sharks mainly eat bony fish but will also eat rays. They are attracted to the sounds of struggling fish which means an easy catch. Their young feed on small fish, shrimp, and crabs.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caribbean_reef_shark


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 7

Common Name: Sawshark Scientific Name: Pristiophorus cirratus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Pristiophoriformes

Family: Pristiophoridae

Geography / Habitat: These sharks are found in estuaries and shallow bays. They live in temperate to tropical zones. They are found mainly in the Atlantic Ocean but can also be found in the Pacific Ocean Life Strategy: These fish do not travel in schools. They have “teeth� on the sides of their snout that are used for protection and for hunting their prey. They also have a good camouflage pattern on their bodies. Also they are skinny so they can hide under the sand. Food / Feed Strategy: These sharks eat small fish, crustaceans, and squid. They have sensors on the underside of the saw that are used to detect prey that is buried under the sand. The shark uses the saw to uncover and disable the prey which they then suck into their tiny mouths.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://www.sharksavers.org/en/education/biology/different-types-of-sharks/sawsharks/


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 8

Common Name: Whale Shark Scientific Name: Rhincodon typus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Rhincodontidae

Geography / Habitat: These beasts inhabit all seas around the world and are like a whale when it comes to inhabiting deep water. They are Asian and are mainly found near China, Japan, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Life Strategy: These sharks tend to stay in groups of around three or four. They must also constantly swim to survive. Food / Feed Strategy: These sharks are filter feeders and rely on eating mostly algae, krill, small fish, and crab. They hunt by swimming into huge swarms of krill and just sucking them in like a vacuum.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whale_shark


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 9

Common Name: Blue Shark Scientific Name: Prionace glauca Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: These sharks are found worldwide in all oceans of the world. They are found in deep temperate and tropical waters. It tends to stay in the great depths of the water. Life Strategy: These sharks generally are not too aggressive. There have only being 13 attacks and 4 fatalities as of 2009. Just like most sharks they must also keep swimming to stay alive. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish eat squid, octopi, crustaceans, small fish including sharks, and the occasional sea bird.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_shark


Title: Marine fish

Species #: 10

Common Name: Hammerhead Shark Scientific Name: Sphyrna Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Sphyrnidae

Geography / Habitat: These sharks tend to stay coastal but stay at the coasts all across the world. They are found in warmer waters on continental shelves. Life Strategy: These fish also must keep swimming to stay alive. They can be found in groups together during a feeding frenzy. These animals can be very aggressive when it comes to their food and territory. The also use their hammer-shaped head for a defense mechanism to hit potential threats. Food / Feed Strategy: These sharks mainly eat fish and crustaceans but have been known to eat people as well. As I said before they are quite aggressive so they launch towards their prey and rip them apart.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hammerhead_shark


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 11

Common Name: Thresher Shark Scientific Name: Alopius macrourus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Alopiidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish can occasionally be found in shallow waters but the mainly prefer the open ocean. However they tend to not venture off to more than 1,600 feet of water. These sharks tend to stay in the Pacific between America and Japan and also the Gulf of Mexico. They also prefer warmer waters. Life Strategy: These sharks must also remain swimming to survive. These sharks can become aggressive at certain times. These fish tend to stay solitary. They also have a large tail which can be used to attract mates and warn off larger predators. Food / Feed Strategy: They eat fish and crustaceans. They can also jump out of the water much like a Great White to catch top water fish and birds.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thresher_shark


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 12

Common Name: Lemon Shark Scientific Name: Negaprion brevirostris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: These sharks are mainly found in the tropical and subtropical waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans of North and South America but can also be found on the northwest coast of Africa. They tend to stay in warmer waters. Life Strategy: These animals are also solitary. They are more of a gentle shark until you corner them up. They have electroreceptors that pick up the electrical pulse emitted by potential prey. These sharks tend to not bask which is when they leap out of the water to catch prey much like the great white or the thresher sharks. Food / Feed Strategy: These sharks like to scale the ocean floor so therefore a big part of their diet is crustaceans and small fish. They can also be seen eating the occasional fish.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lemon_shark


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 13

Common Name: Barracuda Scientific Name: Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Sphyraenidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish can be found all across the world. They tend to stay in deep water. They also prefer warmer climates of water. Life Strategy: These fish are very aggressive. They do not have to stay swimming like a shark to survive. These fish can even be dangerous to swimmers because they are fighters. Food / Feed Strategy: They eat fish, crustaceans, and will even eat a human if there are enough of them around. Barracudas are scavengers and can mistake a human for a large predator and they will all swarm onto them and eat away much like a piranha.

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barracuda


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 14

Common Name: Clown Fish Scientific Name: Amphiprion ocellaris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomicentridae

Geography / Habitat: The fish inhabit coral reefs throughout the world. They prefer warmer waters. They live at the bottom of shallow seas in sheltered reefs and shallow lagoons. Life Strategy: These fish live in anemones. This is very special because an anemone can sting you but the clownfish are not affected by it. This also keeps them away from danger. They are not too aggressive but can be territorial. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish mainly eat small crustaceans, algae, and plankton. They do not have strong teeth so they must eat soft material. These fish just suck in their food like a baleen whale.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amphiprioninae


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 15

Common Name: Lionfish Scientific Name: Pterois Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Scorpaeniformes

Family: Scorpaenidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish is native to the Indo-Pacific. This fish mainly stays in coral reefs which can be a problem. When they stay in coral reefs they kill small reef fish that are vital to the survival of the reefs since they are a predator fish. These fish also prefer warm water temperatures. Life Strategy: These fish are very well camouflaged which keeps them safe form predators themselves. These fish also have poisonous spines on them that will keep most predators away because of their color and the fact that they are deadly. These fish are usually solitary animals. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat crustaceans and small fish. They hunt by stalking their prey and becoming their friend. The out of nowhere they attack the prey with one gulp.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pterois


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 16

Common Name: Pufferfish Scientific Name: Arothron hispidus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordta

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Tetraodontidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish can be found worldwide. They prefer to be in warmer water temperatures. These fish are reef fish. Life Strategy: These fish are quite gentle. They have a defense mechanism that allows them to puff up when they get scared. When they puff up the normally have spikes on them. These fish are generally solitary and don’t do well with others of their own kind. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish eat crustaceans because they have a beak so they can crack a shell and will also eat small fish one bite at a time. They follow behind their prey very slowly and at the last second launch at them.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetraodontidae


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 17

Common Name: Seahorse Scientific Name: Hippocampus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Syngnathiformes

Family: Syngnathidae

Geography / Habitat: These tiny fish are mainly found in shallow tropical and temperate waters throughout the world. The prefer to live in a sheltered area such as sea grass, estuaries, coral reefs, and mangroves. Life Strategy: These animals do not swim very strong or fast at all. When storms come they use their long tails to hold on to grass or seaweed so they won’t drift off. In seahorse reproduction the male actually carries the babies until they are born and they even lay the eggs. Food / Feed Strategy: These funny looking animals mostly eat crustaceans that crawl along the ocean floor. They have a good camouflage that helps them to ambush their prey when they are not expecting them too.

Body Form or Style: Unknown Swim / Locomotion Style: Unknown Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seahorse


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 18

Common Name: Atlantic Blue Marlin Scientific Name: Makaira nigricans Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Istiophoridae

Geography / Habitat: This huge fish inhabits all of the Atlantic Ocean. It ranges from the coast all the way to the middle of the ocean. It prefers tropical waters that are warmer than others. Life Strategy: Since the Atlantic can get extremely cold this fish must migrate into warmer waters when the place where it is at gets cold. This fish has a long “sword� on the end of its head which it uses for actual sword fights and for spearing prey. This fish is generally a solitary animal. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish mainly eats other smaller fish. However it can kill bigger fish with its sword. They have also been known to kill people as well. This has occurred when people are fishing for them. When they bring them up into the boats the fish goes crazy and can accidentally spear the human.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_blue_marlin


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 19

Common Name: Swordfish Scientific Name: Xiphias gladius Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Xiphiidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish are found in tropical and temperate parts of the ocean. They are native to the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans. These fish also have to migrate because of them liking warm waters more. Life Strategy: These fish also have the sword on their head to fight off enemies with. As I said before they must migrate as well as the marlin because of their liking for warmer waters. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish also eat other fish and also have the capability to attack or accidentally injure other fish or humans. The reason that the swordfish and the marlin are so much alike is because they are in the same family.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swordfish


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 20

Common Name: Malabar Grouper Scientific Name: Epinephelus malabaricus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Serranidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish can be found all over the world. They prefer to be in warm waters. They are better if they are at the ocean floor instead of the top of the water. Life Strategy: These fish are one of the largest fish in the world. One of the most common fish that you will eat at a restaurant is grouper. These fish tend to stay solitary. They are also very valuable to fishers. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat other fish mostly for their meals. They are not fast swimmers so they just swim up to their prey slowly and suck them in.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grouper


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 21

Common Name: Blue Spotted Sting Ray Scientific Name: Neotrygon kuhlii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Myliobatiformes

Family: Dasyatidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish are mainly found in the Indian and Pacific Oceans near Asia. They prefer slightly deep and slightly shallow waters. They can be found in coral reefs and even buried under the sand on the ocean floor. Life Strategy: These fish can sometimes be found in groups but most of the time they are found solitary. These fish are hunted by humans and most fish for either trophies or food. They have wing-like fins that allow them to glide across the ocean. They also have a poisonous barb on their tail to use for protection. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat other fish and crustaceans. They use their “wings� to fly across the ocean really fast making a b-line for their prey. They then use their beeks to grab onto their prey and swallow.

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bluespotted_stingray


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 22

Common Name: Reef Manta Ray Scientific Name: Manta alfredi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Rajiformes

Family: Mobulidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish are found widely in the Indo-Pacific Ocean. They prefer tropical and subtropical waters Life Strategy: These fish are HUGE!!!! They can have a wingspan of 10+ feet. They use this to scare off enemies and to attract mates. They use their huge wings to glide gracefully across the ocean. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish eat other fish and crustaceans. They swim up to them and suck them in like a vacuum.

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reef_Manta_Ray


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 23

Common Name: Red Snapper Scientific Name: Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Lutjanidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish are mainly found in the gulf of mexico. They can also be found rarely in other parts of the world. They also prefer warm temperate waters. Life Strategy: This fish are mostly solitary but can sometimes be found in groups. They have a bright red coloring on them that warns off predators and attracts mates at the same time. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat other fish and crustaceans. They can be fast so tnhey will charge at their prey and suck them in like a vacuum, but they also have teeth so they can tear the flesh.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_snapper_(fish)


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 24

Common Name: Blue Fin Tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus orientalis Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae

Geography / Habitat: This fish mainly lives in the giant Pacific Ocean. This fish can deal with colder temperatures very well because it can change its body temperature very quickly. Life Strategy: These fish are very big. They can stand up for themselves in a fight because of this. They also have the spikes on their tails to warn enemies and to attract mates. These fish are very common in the food market. Because they are so valuable to food they can run up to around 80,000 dollars apiece. These fish also tend to stay in larges schools of their species. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish’s diet mainly consists of other fish that school together. They can also eta a lot of it at one time of the day.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_bluefin_tuna


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 25

Common Name: Yellow Tang Scientific Name: Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Acanthuridae

Geography / Habitat: These fish are commonly found in the Pacific and Indian Oceans west of Hawaii but East of Japan. These fish are commonly found in shallow reefs of the coast. They prefer anywhere from 2-46 meters in depth of the waterso they will not get crushed by the weight of the water itself Life Strategy: These fish are very calm but can be aggressive if they are cornered up to where they cannot defend themselves. These fish are also used for many aquariums because of their beautiful coloration and their calmness towards others. These fish also like to saty in decent size schools for protection. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish mainly eat algae even though they have a terminal mouth. Even though that is what they eat in the wild, they eat meat and fish based food when they are in the aquarium.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow_tang


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 26

Common Name: Blue Tang Scientific Name: Paracanthurus hepatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Acanthuridae

Geography / Habitat: These fish live in reefs throughout the world. They enjoy thriving in warmer waters. Life Strategy: These fish can travel in schools sometimes. They have a bright color pattern to warn off enemies and attract mates. They can be aggressive at certain points. Food / Feed Strategy: A young Blue Tangs diet consists of predominantly plankton. Adults, however, are omnivores and feed on plankton as well as graze on algae.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paracanthurus_hepatus


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 27

Common Name: Sunfish Scientific Name: Mola mola Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Molidae

Geography / Habitat: These odd fish are native to temperate and tropical waters. These fish have been discovered in all oceans of the world. However, these fish are mainly found in the Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean Life Strategy: These fish are pelagic which mean that they can reach depths of up to 600 meters. However, these fish mostly spend their time basking in the sun on the top of the water. This could have something to do with their name. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish’s diet consists of mostly jellyfish, but they will also eat salps, squid, crustaceans, and eel grass.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_sunfish


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 28

Common Name: Needlefish Scientific Name: Tylosurus crocodilus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Beloniformes

Family: Belonidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish are commonly found in the North Atlantic Ocean. They are found in temperate waters and thrive in the deep waters. Life Strategy: These fish can be found swimming alongside schools of mackerel. They have a needle-like body that can be used for swimming very fast. They are very similar to the well-known barracuda. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish have a long snout and very sharp, dagger-like teeth. In this manner they resemble a gar even though one is freshwater and one is saltwater.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Needlefish


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 29

Common Name: Payara Scientific Name: Hydrolycus scomberoides Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Cynodontidae

Geography / Habitat: The payara is a tropical fish that is found off the coasts of South America. They prefer warmer waters than not. They also prefer a lot of personal space. Life Strategy: As I said before, they prefer a lot of personal space. This is because they are very aggressive and territorial fish that will attack other animals that invades its personal space. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat other fish of any kind with in a smaller body size than them. They will charge at their prey and slice their huge, jagged teeth into their body.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/predatory/payara.php


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 30

Common Name: Oarfish Scientific Name: Regalecidae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Lampriformes

Family: Regalecidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish are pelagic, which means that they stay in the top waters of the deep part of the ocean. These fish can be found worldwide but are somewhat rare. They prefer temperate tropical waters. Life Strategy: These fish tend to stay by themselves. They can sometimes be aggressive but not all the time. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will use their sharp teeth to eat other fish and sea animals that surround their habitat. They can be known to turn an unwanted predator into a midday snack.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oarfish


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 31

Common Name: Anglerfish Scientific Name: Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Lophiiformes

Family: Melonocetidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish can be found in most all oceans but are most well-known for the fact that they live in the very bottom of the deepest points in the ocean. They prefer cold-water. Life Strategy: These fish can be quite aggressive, yet very calm and peaceful at the same time. These fish live in the pitch black darkness so therefore they live alone. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat any other animal that lives on the bottom of the ocean that is small enough. These fish hang a “bulb� over their heads that lights on and off. This is used to attract mates and prey. They also have curved in teeth so when they bite down on prey their teeth sink deeper into their body when the prey tries to struggle.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglerfish


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 32

Common Name: Green Mandarin Goby Scientific Name: Synchiropus splendidus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Callionymidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish prefer very tropical waters. They love to stay in reefs where they have stuff to hide in. They range in any ocean in the world except for the arctic. They prefer to live in warmer waters. Life Strategy: These fish participate in mutualism between a shrimp. They together live in a burrow and the goby comes out and keeps watch while the shrimp looks for food in the sand nearby. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat tiny crustaceans but will mostly eat water bugs or algae. They do not tend to be very aggressive but will attack if needed.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandarinfish


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 33

Common Name: California Batfish Scientific Name: Myliobatis californica Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Myliobatiformes

Family: Myliobatidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish are found in warm waters in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California. They prefer to scale the sea floor in the coastal reefs. Life Strategy: These fish are actually a type of ray so they glide with their “wings” instead of using a tail to swim. They are generally a gentle fish. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat other fish and tiny crustaceans. They will basically just “fly” over them and suck them in like a vacuum.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_batfish


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 34

Common Name: Sailfish Scientific Name: Istiophorus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Istiophoridae

Geography / Habitat: These fish stay in the very deep waters with lots of room to roam. They can be found all across the world. They prefer to stay in warmer waters. Life Strategy: These fish are very athletic and fast. They are constantly swimming and roaming around. They can be very aggressive sometimes by fighting with others of their kind. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will swim into large schools of fish and spear them. They will then slide them down their “sword� into their mouth.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sailfish


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 35

Common Name: Gulf Flounder Scientific Name: Paralichthys albigutta Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Pleuronectiformes

Family: Paralichthyidae

Geography / Habitat: The fish are mainly found in the gulf coast. They prefer to stay on the ocean floor in very muddy or sandy areas along the coast. They also prefer shallow waters. Life Strategy: These fish are flat-bodied and have their eyes on the top of their head even though that their mouth is on the bottom. This is so that they can hide in the sand and be camouflaged but still be able to look up and keep watch for potential predators. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat other small fish and also crustaceans such as crabs and shrimp. They can be very aggressive when hunting. They stalk their prey and then at the last second they launch towards it. You can sometimes see them spit the scales from their prey out of their gills.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://myfwc.com/wildlifehabitats/profiles/fish/saltwater/flounder/gulf-flounder/


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 36

Common Name: King Mackerel Scientific Name: Scomberomorus cavalla Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae

Geography / Habitat: These fish can be found throughout the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. They can range from warm waters to freeing cold waters. They are mainly found swimming in the middle of the deep part of the ocean. Life Strategy: These fish can be found in large schools of others of the same fish. Therefore these fish are a dependent species of fish. They are very fast swimmers and resemble a kind of tuna because of the spines on their tails. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish are not too aggressive. They will feed on small species of fish, plankton, shrimp, other small species of crustaceans, and other small species of marine life.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_mackerel


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 37

Common Name: Black Seabass Scientific Name: Centropristis striata Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Serranidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish can be found in the Atlantic Ocean and throughout the Gulf of Mexico. They prefer the safety and shelter of inshore reefs, this way they have a completely safe community of other species of fish as well to live in. They also prefer to live in warm waters but can be found in cold on some occasions. Life Strategy: As I said before, these fish prefer to live in big communities on the reefs and interact well with other species of fish, minus the fact that they eat the other species. The can sometimes be found in schools but for the most part they are a solitary animal. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat other fish and certain types of shrimp. They will dart up to their prey, grab them, and then quickly swim away.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_sea_bass


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 38

Common Name: Gulf Sturgeon Scientific Name: Acipenser oxyrhynchus desotoi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Acipenseriformes

Family: Acipenseridae

Geography / Habitat: This fish can also be found in the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico, but the thing that makes this fish different form the last two when it comes to their habitat is that they can be found in salt and freshwater much like a trout or salmon. Life Strategy: As I said before, these fish are salt and freshwater fish, so they have a wider variety of mates and food. These fish are generally pretty big and can be quite aggressive. They also have spines on their fins like a mackerel and a tuna. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat just about anything that comes into sight. However, they mainly prefer just different types of smaller fish and they will also eat reptiles such as a baby crocodile or a snake.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_sturgeon


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 39

Common Name: Yellowtail Snapper Scientific Name: Ocyurus chrysurus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Lutjanidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish can be found throughout the Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and Gulf of Mexico. These fish are reef fish and prefer to be around other fish, even if it isn’t of their own kind. Life Strategy: These fish will sometimes travel in schools but most of the time they will remain solitary. They are not too much of an aggressive species of marine fish but can be territorial. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat crustaceans and other small fish. They do not have teeth so they just basically suck in their food and swallow it whole.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellowtail_snapper


Title: Marine Fish

Species #:40

Common Name: Atlantic Tarpon Scientific Name: Megalops atlanticus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Elopiformes

Family: Megalopidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish are mainly found in the Atlantic Ocean. They are a very big fish, so therefore they prefer the open waters of the deep parts of the ocean. They also prefer to stay in temperate waters. Life Strategy: These fish have decent size teeth and can be very aggressive when it comes to fighting. They are a very solitary animal. They also have been known to breach the water by jumping out head first much like a whale or a great white shark. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish mainly eat different species of fish but by looking at their teeth you could suspect that/ they would eat a human. However, they can also convert to cannibalism.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_tarpon


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 41

Common Name: Mahi Mahi Scientific Name: Coryphaena hippurus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Coryphaenidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish are found worldwide. They prefer temperate, tropical waters. They can be an inshore fish or can live in the open deep sea. Life Strategy: These fish are a main course at most restaurants and are very popular eating. They can be a part of a small school of fish but most of the time they are a very solitary animal. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish can eat most species of other fish but will also eat jellyfish and crustaceans. They swim alongside their fish and then attack.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahi-mahi


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 42

Common Name: Lagoon Triggerfish Scientific Name: Rhinecanthus aculeatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Balistidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish can be found in very tropical areas but are most common in the coastline of the American state of Hawaii. These fish are actually the state fish of Hawaii. They prefer warm waters and are a reef fish so they can have shelter. Life Strategy: These fish live on the reef. This way they can have supreme shelter and also have an endless supply of prey that they can hunt. They can sometimes be found in schools. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will prey on smaller fish. They also have a beak so that they can crush bodies of fish and so they can crack the shells of any type of tiny crustacean such as shrimp or crabs.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lagoon_triggerfish


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 43

Common Name: Banggai Cardinalfish Scientific Name: Pterapogon kauderni Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Apogonidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish is a very popular choice for aquariums. They are found of the coasts of Indonesia in the huge reefs that lie among there. These fish prefer temperate, tropical waters. Life Strategy: These fish will most of the time travel in schools of ten or twenty more of their own species. Even though these fish are quite small they can have a ferocious attitude when the right situation occurs. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will feed on small shrimp on some occasions but their restricted diet consists of mainly algae and other small sea plants.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banggai_cardinalfish


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 44

Common Name: Blue Fish Scientific Name: Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomatomidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish are mainly found in the Pacific Ocean but can sometimes be found of the coast of Africa. They can live in warm or cold waters. These fish prefer to live in the open sea. Life Strategy: These fish are the only remaining species of the Pomatomidae family. These fish can be found in large schools. They are also known to leap out of the water. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat other small fish. They will also feed on tiny crustaceans. Also every now and then they will eat the occasional jellyfish.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bluefish


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 45

Common Name: Orange Spotted Filefish Scientific Name: Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Monacanthidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish can be found in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They prefer to live on the reefs off of the coasts. These fish prefer warm, temperate, tropical waters. Life Strategy: They can rarely be found in schools of up to five fish. The reason for this is because they can be quite aggressive when the right situation rises. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat other small fish. They will also eat crustaceans and algae. They also have a beak so that they can crush the shells of small crabs.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange_spotted_filefish


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 46

Common Name: Hawk fish Scientific Name: Paracirrhites forsteri Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cirrhitidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish can mainly be found in the Indo-Pacific. They prefer large reefs so that they can be hidden from predators, yet still have a wide variety of prey that they can choose from. This animal prefers warm waters. Life Strategy: This fish has big eyes for a reason. This is so that they can see predators from a great distance. These fish are quite aggressive. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish mainly eat algae. However, they can also be found devouring a SMALL fish whole.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paracirrhites_forsteri


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 47

Common Name: Squirrefsih Scientific Name: Holocentrus ascensionis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Beryciformes

Family: Holocentridae

Geography / Habitat: These fish are mainly found in the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans. They also prefer reefs for shelter and food at the same time. They prefer to live in warm, tropical waters. Life Strategy: These fish are mainly nocturnal. They use their big “squirrel� eyes to see at night. These fish are not very aggressive at all. They can be found in schools of up to five fish. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat small crustaceans and algae. They will also eat other small fish as well.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holocentridae


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 48

Common Name: Red Drum Scientific Name: Sciaenops ocellatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Sciaenidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish can be found in rivers in North America and also in the Gulf of Mexico. This prefers to live in warm waters. They also prefer to live in the shallow areas of the sea. Life Strategy: These fish can live in freshwater and saltwater. They are relatives to the salmon which can also do this. They live and mate in one place and then go back to the other to give birth where they then die. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat freshwater and saltwater fish and crustaceans such as crawfish and crabs. They can be quite aggressive when it comes to the feeding part of their lives.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_drum


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 49

Common Name: Striped Marlin Scientific Name: Tetrapturus audax Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Istiophoridae

Geography / Habitat: These fish are found in the Indo-Pacific region. They prefer the wide open sea. They also are found in slightly cold waters of the Pacific. Life Strategy: These fish are related to the swordfish and marlin. They also have a sword like their cousins that is used for fighting and hunting their prey. They can swim very fast to chase down prey and to get away from predators. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will stab their prey with their sword and slide it down into their mouths. They eat decent size fish. They will swim into the giant schools and stab the fish.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Striped_marlin


Title: Marine Fish

Species #: 50

Common Name: Cocoa Damselfish Scientific Name: Stegastes variabilis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Promacentridae

Geography / Habitat: These fish are mainly found in the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea. They are preferably fond of reefs. They prefer warm, temperate, and tropical waters. Life Strategy: These fish can be found in small schools. They are not generally too aggressive. They can be however if their young are threatened. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish will eat algae and small crustaceans. They constantly peck at the algae until they get it all off.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stegastes_variabilis


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:51

Common Name: Striped bass Scientific Name: Morone saxatilis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Moronidae

Geography / Habitat: Striped bass are native to the Atlantic coastline of North America from the St. Lawrence River into the Gulf of Mexico to approximately Louisiana. They are fish that migrate between fresh and salt water. Life Strategy: Spawning takes place in fresh water. They have been successfully adapted to freshwater habitat, they naturally spend their adult lives in saltwater. Food / Feed Strategy: Larval striped bass feed on zooplankton, while the diet of juvenile bass consists of insect larvae, small crustaceans, mayflies, and other larval fish. Adult bass eat almost any kind of small fish as well as several invertebrates, particularly crabs and squid.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Striped_bass


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:52

Common Name: white bass Scientific Name: Morone chrysops Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Moronidae

Geography / Habitat: White bass inhabit large reservoirs and rivers. When mating in the spring, they are more often found in shallow rivers, creeks, and streams.[5] White bass are found in high densities in the upstream segment of rivers. Life Strategy: The spawning season for the white bass is mid-March to late May. The optimal water temperatures are 12 to 20 degrees Celsius. They are known to find their home spawning ground even if it's moved to a different part of the same lake. Food / Feed Strategy: White bass are carnivores. They are visual feeders. When not frightened, they will bite readily at live bait such as worms and minnows. Only the largest fish will feed on other fish, and as the summer season progresses, there is an overall trend towards eating fewer fish.[

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_bass


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 53

Common Name: largemouth bass

Scientific Name: Micropterus salmoides Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: The largemouth bass has been known to exist in many of the lower 48 states of the U.S. Although it is most popular in the southeastern states, many different varieties of the largemouth bass can be found in the north and western regions. Life Strategy: Studies of prey utilization by largemouth show that in weedy waters, bass grow more slowly due to difficulty in acquiring prey. Less weed cover allows bass to more easily find and catch prey, but this consists of more open-water baitfish. Food / Feed Strategy: The juvenile largemouth bass consumes mostly small bait fish, scuds, small shrimp, and insects. Adults consume smaller fish, snails, crawfish, and snakes.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Largemouth_bass


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:54

Common Name: smallmouth bass Scientific Name: Micropterus dolomieu

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: is found in clearer water than the largemouth, especially streams, rivers, and the rocky areas and stumps and also sandy bottoms of lakes and reservoirs. The smallmouth prefers cooler water temperatures than its cousin the largemouth bass, and may be found in both still and moving water. Life Strategy: The female can lay up to 21,100 eggs, which are guarded by the male in his nest. Food / Feed Strategy: Smallmouth bass are Carnivorous, its diet comprises crayfish, insects, and smaller fish; the young also feeding on zooplankton.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smallmouth_bass


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:55

Common Name: Spotted Bass Scientific Name: Micropterus punctulatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: It has now been determined that the "Spotted Bass" found in the Tallapoosa and Coosa Rivers, and their lakes, are a new species, now known as the "Alabama Bass". Life Strategy: convenient way to distinguish between a largemouth bass and a spotted bass is by the size of the mouth. A spotted bass will resemble a largemouth bass in coloration but will have a smaller mouth. Food / Feed Strategy: Preferring cool and warm mountain streams and reservoirs with rocky bottoms, the spotted bass feeds on insects, crustaceans, frogs, annelid worms, and smaller fish.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/huntwild/wild/species/spb/


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 56

Common Name: rainbow trout Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus mykiss Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography / Habitat: the rainbow trout is a species of salmonid native to tributaries of the Pacific Ocean in Asia and North America. The species has been introduced for food or sport to at least 45 countries. Life Strategy: They return to their original hatching ground to spawn. "Summer-run steelheads" migrate between May and October, before their reproductive organs are fully mature. They mature in freshwater before spawning in the spring. Food / Feed Strategy: Rainbow trout are predators with a varied diet, and will eat nearly anything they can grab. Their image as selective eaters is only a legend. Rainbows are not quite as piscivorous or aggressive as brown trout or lake trout.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rainbow_trout#Life_cycle


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 57

Common Name: blue catfish Scientific Name: Ictalurus furcatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: Blue catfish are distributed primarily in the Mississippi River drainage including the Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, and Arkansas rivers. Life Strategy: Spawn in late spring or early summer. The male, sometimes with the help of the female, selects and guards the nest site in dark secluded areas such as cavities in drift piles, logs, undercut banks and rocks. Food / Feed Strategy: Blue catfish are opportunistic predators and will eat any species of fish they can catch, along with crayfish, freshwater mussels, frogs, and other readily available aquatic food sources; some blue catfish have reportedly attacked scuba divers.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://mdc.mo.gov/discover-nature/field-guide/blue-catfish


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 58

Common Name: flathead catfish Scientific Name: Pylodictis olivaris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: Adults prefer deep pools with slow current and cover, such as submerged logs and brush piles. They are found in large rivers in Ohio and are most abundant in the Maumee, Muskingum, Scioto, and Ohio Rivers. Life Strategy: Flathead catfish spawn when water temperatures reach 70 degrees Fahrenheit. They build nests in dark secluded shelters such as natural cavities, undercut banks, or near large submerged objects. Food / Feed Strategy: Flatheads are predatory fish and will consume bass, bream, shad, crayfish and often feed on other catfish.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flathead_catfish


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 59

Common Name: silver carp Scientific Name: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: species of freshwater cyprinid fish, a variety of Asian carp native to north and northeast Asia. It is cultivated in China. They are usually farmed in polyculture with other Asian carps, or sometimes Indian carps or other species. Life Strategy: Mature to breeding at three years old and breed until 10 years old. They live in rivers and streams, feeding in schools until spawning time then return to bigger water to feed again. Food / Feed Strategy: The silver carp is a filter feeder, and possesses a remarkably specialized apparatus capable of filtering particles as small as 4 micrometers. The gill rakers are fused into a sponge-like filter, and an epibranchial organ secretes mucus which assists in trapping small particles.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://oklahomainvasivespecies.okstate.edu/silver_carp.html


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 60

Common Name: alligator gar Scientific Name: Atractosteus spatula

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Lepisosteiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography / Habitat: Alligator Gar are found in the Lower Mississippi River Valley and Gulf Coast states of the Southern United States and Mexico as far south as Veracruz. Life Strategy: Though the Alligator Gar prefers slow-moving waters of rivers, bayous, and oxbows throughout most of the year, it appears to need spring time inundated floodplain fields or wetland vegetation in order to spawn. Their eggs are very poisonous Food / Feed Strategy: The Alligator Gar is a relatively passive, solitary fish that lives in fresh and brackish water bodies in the Southern United States It is carnivorous and feeds by lurking amongst reeds and other vegetation, ambushing prey.

Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alligator_gar#Breeding


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:61

Common Name: channel catfish Scientific Name: Ictalurus punctatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: Channel catfish are native to Ohio and are found throughout Ohio in large streams, rivers, and lakes. They are also stocked in many farm ponds where they do well but rarely reproduce. Channel catfish prefer areas with deep water, clean gravel or boulder substrates and low to moderate current. Life Strategy: They use natural cavities, undercut banks and muskrat burrows as nests. The female lays a gelatinous mass containing between 8,000 to 15,000 eggs. The parents remain over the nest to fan the eggs and guard the young after hatching. Food / Feed Strategy: They are omnivorous and will eat a wide variety of items including insect larvae, crayfish, mollusks, fish, and even some types of fruits and berries.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Channel_catfish


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 62

Common Name: common carp Scientific Name: Cyprinus carpio Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: common carp is a widespread freshwater fish of eutrophic waters in lakes and large rivers in Europe and Asia. It prefers large bodies of slow or standing water and soft, vegetative sediments. As schooling fish, they prefer to be in groups of five or more. Carp are able to tolerate water with very low oxygen levels, by gulping air at the surface. Life Strategy: An egg-layer, a typical adult female can lay 300,000 eggs in a single spawn. Although carp typically spawn in the spring, in response to rising water temperatures and rainfall, carp can spawn multiple times in a season. Food / Feed Strategy: Eggs and fry often fall victim to bacteria, fungi, and the vast array of tiny predators in the pond environment. Carp which survive to juvenile are preyed upon by other fish such as the northern pike and largemouth bass, and a number of birds.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.dnr.state.oh.us/Home/species_a_to_z/SpeciesGuideIndex/commoncarp/tabid/65 89/Default.aspx


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:63

Common Name: grass carp Scientific Name: Ctenopharyngodon idella Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: This species occurs in lakes, ponds, pools and backwaters of large rivers, preferring large, slow-flowing or standing water bodies with vegetation. Life Strategy: In the wild, grass carp spawn in fast-moving rivers, and their eggs, which are slightly heavier than water, develop while drifting downstream, and kept in suspension by turbulence. The eggs are thought to die if they sink to the bottom. Food / Feed Strategy: Adults of the species feed primarily on aquatic plants. They feed on higher aquatic plants and submerged terrestrial vegetation, but may also take detritus, insects, and other invertebrates.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grass_Carp


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 64

Common Name: spotted gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus oculatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Lepisosteiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography / Habitat: The spotted gar is native to North America and its current range is from southern Ontario to the west from the Nueces River in Texas east to the Northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico and southeast to the lower Apalachicola River in Florida. Life Strategy: Spawning habitat includes floodplains and wetlands with an abundance of aquatic vegetation. A female can have multiple mating partners and the female is usually larger than the males they mate with. They lay their eggs on leaves of aquatic plants. Food / Feed Strategy: Gar move slowly unless trying to catch food, which it grabs in its jaws in a quick sideways lunge. They often bask near the water's surface on warm days. Fry feed primarily on insect larvae and tiny crustaceans, but fish appear on the diet of young gar very early. Prey is usually swallowed headfirst.

Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spotted_gar


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:65

Common Name: longnose gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus osseus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Lepisosteiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography / Habitat: longnose gar are found in Central America, Cuba, North America, and the Isles of Pines. Longnose gar are frequently found in freshwater in the eastern half of the United States. Life Strategy: There consists of one female to five males per spawning ground. Eggs have a toxic, adhesive coating helping them stick to substrates and are deposited onto stones in shallow water, rocky shelves, vegetation, or smallmouth bass nests. Their hatch time is 7-9 days; young gar stay in vegetation during the first summer of life. Food / Feed Strategy: The most common prey of the longnose gar is clupeids (herrings and shads) as well as cyprinids and fundulids; they usually feed at night.

Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longnose_gar


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:66

Common Name: blue gill Scientific Name: Lepomis macrochirus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: Bluegill live in the shallow waters of many lakes and ponds, along with slow-moving areas of streams and small rivers. Life Strategy: Spawning season for bluegills starts late in May and extends into August. The male bluegills arrive first at the mating site. They will make a spawning bed of six to 12 inches in diameter in shallow water, clustering as many as 50 beds together. Food / Feed Strategy: A small female can produce as few as 1,000 eggs, and a large, healthy female can produce up to 100,000 eggs.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bluegill


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:67

Common Name: Florida Gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus platyrhincus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Lepisosteiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography / Habitat: They can be found in the Ochlockonee River and waters east and in peninsular Florida in medium to large lowland streams, canals and lakes with muddy or sandy bottoms near underwater vegetation Life Strategy: This occurs in late winter and early spring. Groups of both sexes come together in shallow weedy water where the females discharge their adhesive eggs among the aquatic plants. Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on many baits such as zooplankton, many smaller fish, and certain birds.

Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florida_gar


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 68

Common Name: Betta fish Scientific Name: Betta persephone Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Osphronemidae

Geography / Habitat: The Betta is native freshwater fish from Thailand and Cambodia. Wild Betta can often be found in a small pond, river and drain. Life Strategy: Male bettas flare their gills, twist their bodies, and spread their fins if interested in a female. The female will darken in colour, then curve her body back and forth as a response Food / Feed Strategy: Wild Betta fish are hardy and can eat almost anything in its living environment including: living worms, larvae of mosquitoes or other insects, and even smaller fish.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betta


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:69

Common Name: oscar Scientific Name: Astronotus ocellatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Geography / Habitat: is native to Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, and French Guiana, and occurs in the Amazon river basin, along the Amazonas river system. Life Strategy: Captive oscars may be fed prepared fish food designed for large carnivorous fish, crayfish, worms, and insects. Food / Feed Strategy: Oscar fish owners will quickly notice that their Oscars are almost always ready for a meal. It is recommended that owners don’t succumb to their pets’ begging and pleading at the aquarium glass and ensure that a disciplined feeding schedule is in place at the outset.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oscar_(fish)


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:70

Common Name: koi Scientific Name: Cyprinus carpio haematopterus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: Koi have been accidentally or deliberately released into the wild in every continent except Antarctica. They quickly revert to the natural coloration of common carp within a few generations. In many areas, they are considered an invasive species and pests. Life Strategy: Like most fish, koi reproduce through spawning in which a female lays a vast number of eggs and one or more males fertilize them. Nurturing the resulting offspring is a tricky and tedious job, usually done only by professionals. Food / Feed Strategy: Fish do not have to be fed provided you do not overstock your pond. They will live off of algae, insects and other miscellaneous food that the environment provides

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koi


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:71

Common Name: yellow bullhead Scientific Name: Ameiurus natalis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: Yellow bullhead range throughout the central and eastern US from central Texas, north into North Dakota, and east through the Great Lakes region to the east coast. Life Strategy: Spawning begins in May and June with both sexes participating in nest building. The nest may be under a log or stone or in a similarly enclosed burrow. The female will lay 2,000 to 7,000 eggs. The eggs hatch within 5 to 10 days. Food / Feed Strategy: The yellow bullhead is a voracious scavenger typically feeding at night on a variety of plant and animal material, both live and dead, including small fish, crayfish, insects, snails, and worms.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow_bullhead


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:72

Common Name: shadow bass Scientific Name: Ambloplites ariommus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: The shadow bass' native range includes the southeastern United States from the Apalchicola River drainage in Georgia to the lower Mississippi basin in Louisiana. The shadow bass inhabits small to medium size rivers and streams with permanent water flow and prefers cool water temperatures. Life Strategy: The male shadow bass does the nest constructing, the females only obligation is to pick a suitable males nest and lay her eggs after that she departs. The male bass watches over the eggs till they hatch 3–5 days later.[ Food / Feed Strategy: diet of shadow bass consist mostly on small invertebrates mainly crayfish Order Decapoda when small less than three inches after three inches can begin feeding on small fish species such as darters, madtoms, and minnows.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambloplites_ariommus


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:73

Common Name: creek chub Scientific Name: Semotilus atromaculatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: The creek chub's current range is the eastern two-thirds of the US and southeastern Canada. It can quickly adapt to different extreme environments, and can live on many different foods. Life Strategy: The creek chub has specific behaviors at different ages. Commonly a school fish, they have been documented to school from birth to late adult, occupying the edges of pools. Creek chub travels together within the same 50-meter radius, ensuring safety from unknown predators and environment; this increases their potential for survival. Food / Feed Strategy: The creek chub is described as an opportunist and a carnivore, and consumes many different foods to survive, including fish, insect remains and vegetation.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semotilus_atromaculatus


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 74

Common Name: common shiner Scientific Name: Luxilus cornutus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: The Common Shiner can be found in rivers and streams, usually in the faster pools. It can also be found in ponds and lakes throughout North America. Life Strategy: Common shiners spawn in spring, usually over the nest of a creek chub, river chub, or fallfish, although some males will make their own small nests. Food / Feed Strategy: The Common Shiner eats terrestrial and aquatic insects, vegetation, and other fishes.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_Shiner


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:75

Common Name: lake trout Scientific Name: Salvelinus namaycush Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography / Habitat: lake trout are quite rare. They are native only to the northern parts of North America, principally Canada, but also Alaska and, to some extent, the northeastern United States. Life Strategy: Lake trout spawn at night on rocky shoals in the fall, usually during late October or early November. Fertilized eggs settle within rocky crevices where they remain until hatching about four to six months later in late February to April. Food / Feed Strategy: As juveniles, lake trout feed on zooplankton and small invertebrates. As they mature, their foraging patterns shift and the fish become opportunistic piscivores. As adults, lake trout are generally pisciverous, feeding on a wide variety of pelagic prey species.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_trout


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:76

Common Name: common bream Scientific Name: Abramis brama Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: The common bream generally lives in rivers and in nutrient-rich lakes and ponds with muddy bottoms and plenty of algae. Life Strategy: The common bream spawns from April to June. At this time the males form territories within which the females lay 100,000 to 300,000 eggs on water plants. The fry hatch after three to twelve days and attach themselves to water plants with special adhesive glands, until their yolk is used up. Food / Feed Strategy: At night common bream can feed close to the shore and in clear waters with sandy bottoms feeding pits can be seen during daytime. The fish's protractile mouth helps it dig for chironomid larvae. The bream eats water plants and plankton as well.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_bream


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:77

Common Name: small mouth buffalo Scientific Name: Ictiobus bubalus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Catostomidae

Geography / Habitat: The smallmouth buffalo is a hardy fish that frequents clear, moderate to fast-moving streams but has been occasionally known in some lakes and ponds. If prefers waters with dense aquatic vegetation and a silty bottom. Life Strategy: Spawning often occurs in shallower sections of streams where the egg can adhere to vegetation and gravel to keep from flowing away. Food / Feed Strategy: The smallmouth buffalo's diet is primarily that of a detritivore, using its ventral sucker mouth to pick up vegetation and other organic matter from the bottom of its habitat, often scraping algae off of rocks.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ictiobus_bubalus


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:78

Common Name: bigmouth buffalo Scientific Name: Ictiobus cyprinellus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Catostomidae

Geography / Habitat: It is distributed from the United States to the Ohio River and south in the Mississippi River system to Texas and Alabama in the United States. It lives in sluggish areas of large rivers and shallow lakes and streams. Life Strategy: The bigmouth buffalo migrates upstream to spawn in the spring, usually April to June where it lays its eggs on plants to which they adhere Food / Feed Strategy: Bigmouth buffalo are a filter-feeder, using its very fine gill rakers to strain crustacean zooplankton from the water

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bigmouth_buffalo


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:79

Common Name: black buffalo Scientific Name: Ictiobus niger Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Catostomidae

Geography / Habitat: is found in large and small rivers in eastern North America from Mississippi to Canada. In Canada, the species was first described in Lake Eerie. Life Strategy: the black buffalo is a spring spawner. They spawn in flooded areas and backwaters of sloughs and small to large rivers. Food / Feed Strategy: The black buffalo fish is a bottom feeder.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ictiobus_niger


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:80

Common Name: northern pike Scientific Name: Esox lucius Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Esocidae

Geography / Habitat: Pike are found in sluggish streams and shallow, weedy places in lakes, as well as in cold, clear, rocky waters. Life Strategy: The males are first at the spawning grounds preceding the females for a few weeks. The larger females tend to be earlier than the smaller ones. Mostly a female is followed by several smaller males. When a pair starts slowing down the male will put his tail under the female's body and release it's sperm that is mixed with the eggs due to the tail movement. Food / Feed Strategy: The pike have a very typical hunting behavior; they are able to remain stationary in the water by moving the last fin rays of the dorsal fins and the breast fins. The pike have a very typical hunting behavior; they are able to remain stationary in the water by moving the last fin rays of the dorsal fins and the breast fins.

Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_pike


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 81

Common Name: yellow bass Scientific Name: Morone mississippiensis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Moronidae

Geography / Habitat: is a freshwater fish native to the south and midwestern United States. The species name "mississippiensis" refers to the Mississippi River, where it was first described and is still most commonly found. Life Strategy: Yellow bass spawn over gravel bars in late April to June, moving into tributary streams and spawning over rock reefs and/or gravel bars in lakes. Females may lay more than 500,000 eggs that are left uncared for, capable of mating with other bass species to form hybrids Food / Feed Strategy: Bass feed on zooplankton, insect larvae, aquatic insects and small fish. Recommended artificial lures when fishing for yellow bass are spoons and spinners

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.fishhound.com/fishspecies/bass-yellow


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:82

Common Name: warmouth bass Scientific Name: Lepomis gulosus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: This species is native and found throughout the much of the south in the Mississippi River drainage; existing all the way to the Gulf and Atlantic Coasts and Northward to the Chesapeake Bay Life Strategy: Their spawning often begins in May and lasts until July. Nests are primarily constructed on rock or gravel substrates, usually located in or near to some type of structure in the water column. Food / Feed Strategy: The primary diet of the warmouth consists of insects, crayfish and other fishes.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warmouth


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 83

Common Name: yellow perch Scientific Name: Perca flavescens Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percidae

Geography / Habitat: Yellow perch is native to North America in the northern region east of the Rocky Mountains including tributaries to the Arctic and Atlantic Ocean and the Mississippi River. It has been widely dispersed from its native range. Life Strategy: Yellow perch spawn once a year in spring using large schools and shallow areas of a lake or low-current tributary streams. They do not build a redd or nest. Spawning typically takes place at night or in the early morning. Food / Feed Strategy: Yellow perch spawn once a year in spring using large schools and shallow areas of a lake or low-current tributary streams. They do not build a redd or nest. Spawning typically takes place at night or in the early morning

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow_perch#Geographic_distribution


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 84

Common Name: Alabama sturgeon Scientific Name: Scaphirhynchus suttkusi

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Acipenseriformes

Family: Acipenseridae

Geography / Habitat: is a critically endangered species of sturgeon native to the United States of America and now only believed to exist in 130 miles of the lower Alabama River. Life Strategy: adults spawn over rocky bottom. Individuals are fairly active during the spring, probably because they are searching for spawning partners. Food / Feed Strategy: there diet includes aquatic larva fishes and crustaceans.

Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alabama_sturgeon


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 85

Common Name: sunfish readear Scientific Name: Lepomis microlophus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: is native to the southeastern United States, but since it is a popular sport fish it has been introduced to bodies of water all over North America Life Strategy: During spawning, males congregate and create nests close together in colonies, and females visit to lay eggs. The redear sometimes hybridizes with other sunfish species. Food / Feed Strategy: The favorite food of this species is snails. These fish are bottom feeders, meandering along lakebeds seeking and cracking open snails and other shelled creatures.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Redear_sunfish


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 86

Common Name: white crappie Scientific Name: Pomoxis annularis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: White crappie can be found in large rivers, reservoirs and lakes. White crappie are more tolerant of turbid (murky) waters than black crappie. Life Strategy: White crappie spawns in May and June. Males construct nests by creating small bowl shaped depressions on the bottom around brush, rocks, and logs in shallow water. Females lay 5,000 to 30,000 eggs. The males guard these nests until the fry swim away. Food / Feed Strategy: Adult crappies feed mainly on other fish and some large invertebrates such as crayfish and hellgrammites. Young crappie feed primarily on small invertebrates during their first year of life.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_crappie


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 87

Common Name: redeye bass Scientific Name: Micropterus coosae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: It is native to only a few rivers in western South Carolina, southwestern North Carolina, northern middle and eastern Tennessee, southwestern Virginia, and portions of Georgia, Alabama. Life Strategy: The spawning of the redeye bass. The males will construct a nest in which the female will deposit between 2,000 to 3,000 eggs. These relatively large eggs are maintained and guarded throughout incubation and development of the fry. Food / Feed Strategy: Its main food tends to be insects.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Redeye_bass


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:88

Common Name: chain pickerel Scientific Name: Esox niger Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Esociformes

Family: Esocidae

Geography / Habitat: Its range is along the eastern coast of North America from southern Canada to Florida, and west to Texas. Life Strategy: Chain pickerel spawn in the early spring. Eggs are adhesive ribbon-like masses attached to submerged vegetation or structure. The female lays up to 50,000 eggs but does not guard them. Food / Feed Strategy: The chain pickerel feeds primarily on smaller fish which it ambushes from cover with a rapid lunge and secures with its sharp teeth. Chain pickerel are also known to eat frogs, worms, mice, crayfish, and a wide variety of other foods.

Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chain_pickerel


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 89

Common Name: walleye Scientific Name: Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percidae

Geography / Habitat: native to most of Canada and to the northern United States. It is a North American close relative of the European pikeperch. Life Strategy: Adults migrate to tributary streams in late winter or early spring to lay eggs over gravel and rock, although there are open water reef or shoal spawning strains as well. Some populations are known to spawn on sand or on vegetation. Food / Feed Strategy: Like most other predatory fish, walleyes are opportunists. They eat whatever foods nature provides them. walleyes feed almost exclusively on insects, both immature and adult forms. Occasionally, walleyes eat snails, leeches, frogs, mudpuppies, crayfish and even mice.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walleye#Reproduction


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 90

Common Name: Freshwater Drum Scientific Name: Aplodinotus grunniens Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Sciaenidae

Geography / Habitat: Freshwater drum are the only member of their family to inhabit freshwater. Their great distribution range goes as far north as the Hudson Bay, and reaches as far south as Guatemala most wide ranging species in North America.. Life Strategy: The freshwater drum then spawns during a six to seven-week period from June through July. During the spawn, females release their eggs into the water column and males release their sperm. Fertilization is random. Food / Feed Strategy: The diet of the freshwater drum is generally benthic and composed of mainly aquatic insect larvae and bivalve mussels, as well as small fish in certain ecosystems.

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freshwater_drum


Title: Fresh Water Fish

Species #: 91

Common Name: Goldfish Scientific Name: Carassius auratus auratus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: The Goldfish is a freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae of order Cyprinitformes. It was one of the earlierst fish to be domesticated and is one of the most commonly kept aquarium fish. Life Strategy: The life strategy of a goldfish is to live and reproduce. Food / Feed Strategy: Goldfish normally eat goldfish flakes. They suck them in through their mouth.

Body Form or Style: compressaform Swim / Locomotion Style: carrangiform Mouth Position:terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goldfish


Title: Fresh Water Fish

Species #: 92

Common Name: Angelfish Scientific Name: Pterophyllum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Geography / Habitat: The Pterophyllum, also known as Angelfish is a freshwater fish that is from the family Cichlidae. All angelfish species originate from the Amazon River, Orinoco River and Essequibo River basins in tropical South America. Life Strategy: The life Strategy of an Angelfish, also known as Pterophyllum is to live and reproduce. Angelfish are ambush predators and prey on small fish and macroinvertebrates. All Pterophyllum species form monogamous pairs. Eggs are generally laid on a submerged log or a flattened leaf. As is the case for other cichlids, brood care is highly developed. Food / Feed Strategy: The Angelfish normally eat flakes for tropical fresh water fish.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pterophyllum


Title: Freshhwater Fish

Species #: 93

Common Name: Cardinal Tetra Scientific Name: Paracheirodom axelrodi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Paracheirodom

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae

Geography / Habitat: these fish prefer slow moving, middle layer water in shoals. They prefer slightly acidic pH of 5.8 and a temperature of 24 degrees Celcius. Cardinal tetras do not migrate and are generally found in open water. Cardinal tetras are small fish; males grow to about 2.5 cm in length in the wilt but can attain lengths of 5 cm in an aquarium. Life Strategy: Eggs hatch within 24-30 hours of fertilization. Females can release their eggs during the rainy season. The eggs become fertilized by the sperm of males in close proximity. Mating takes place at twilight during the rainy season. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish eats very small crutstaceans, mesocauna, eggs, algae, detritus ad some other types of prey.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz,umich.edu/site/index.ht


Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 94

Common Name: Red Fire Guppy Scientific Name: Poecilia Reticulata Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Poecilia

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Poecilidae

Geography / Habitat: The Red Fire Guppy is a very calm and peaceful fish and should be housed with freshwater tank mates of similar temperament. Life Strategy: The male guppy is smaller in size then the female. Males have brighter coloration and females have a duller coloration. Females also dent to be more aggressive then the male red Fire Guppy. Food / Feed Strategy: The Red Fire Guppy is omnivores and requires both algae based foods as well as meaty foods. An algae based flake food, along with freeze dries bloodworms and brine shrimp will provide guppies with the proper nutrition.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/


Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 95

Common Name: Madagascan Rainbow Scientific Name: Bedotia gaegi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Bedotia

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Atheriniformes

Family: Bedotiidae

Geography / Habitat: This fish was found and identified in 1907 and is a member of the Silverside group. Rainbow fish are known for their characteristic large eyes, black or silver band, which runs through the middle scales row of their body. They have a deeply forked mouth and two dorsal fins. Life Strategy: The peaceful fish is a schooling fish that should be housed in a planted aquarium with plenty of room to swim as they are very active. Madagascan Rainbow fish do best with gravel in their tank. Food / Feed Strategy: The Madagascan Rainbow Fish have a large mouth, but their throat tends to be very narrow. With this mind, foods should not be to large for your fish. A good diet for these fish should consist of flakes food.

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/



Shane Roberts Fish ID Research Project