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EDITOR Parthesh Shanbhag SENIOR EDITOR

November 2010

Activity

Gauri Kamat

Blinkster Challenge Shapes Money money what money ? Find the path puzzle

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CIRCULATION

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Various

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Weird Guinness World Records Gonchu Tales Ad In The Paper Crocodile Festival Kansas City Public Library Under Water Dining Top 5 Martial Arts from around the world War Times Stories : Arun Khetarpal 13% of people are people are Left handed True Sportsmanship World’s Largest Currency Collection Engineering Marvel : Three Gorges Dam Poems

Kiran Korgalmath

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Career

ART H. S. Palkar Ashwini A. Gujjar Pratima M. Madli ADVERTISEMENTS +91 9739 876107

MARKETING

Make the most of your Studies

FEATURES Dr. Ali Khwaja

Geetanjali Joshi

Maghana Lawate Prasad Limaye Candida Louis

34 40 42 44

Indya Exclusive

Parthesh Shanbhag

Tribhuvan Gowda

Volume I Issue 8

Vinay Kulkarni

HEAD OFFICE 216, 1st D Cross, Behind Spencer’s, Kasturi

The Unfruitful Tree Interesting facts Diamond Facts

51 47 54

Places

Greece : The land of Gods

People

CARE

Bam Bam Pow !! M. C. Mary Kom

Network 99, C/o Karnataka Electricals &

Animals

E : subscription@blinkster.in

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Facts

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Road, Hubli -20. T : 0836 6290542

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37

Super survivors The Ant

48 4 11 16

Humor

Tickle Your Bones

30


Bam Bam Pow!! Here is a story that goes beyond just talent, this is the story of a young girl who dared to risk it all and take on a challenge and venture into something unheard off. This is the story of a young tribal girl from Manipur who went on to become the first woman boxer to win the world title three years in a row after the championships were introduced in the US in 2001. This is the story of MC Mary Kom, the pride of the boxing community in India. Mary was an all round athlete, Javelin and the 400M being her favorite events. Mary began professional boxing only in 1999, when she saw When Dingko Singh returned from Bangkok (Asian Games) with a gold.

She spent a good time looking after her two younger sisters and a brother. She was always thought as a good athlete by her teachers who recognized that she had the potential to become a great sports person. Mary soon realized that the boxing ring was her calling and decided to train for the sport in Manipur. She joined Sports Authority of India, Khuman Lampak and underwent an intensive training from coach and mentor, Shri Ibomcha Singh. During her coaching, she was put on similar beats as her male counterparts. Her path to glory hasn't been simple, Mary has had to face problems such as lack of infrastructure and battle with poverty. She did not lose hope, she pursued her dream, she was open to absorb all the coaching and work hard to become a perfectionist. Understanding that Mary had such great potential and determination, Manipur State coaches Shri Narjit Singh and Shri Kishan Singh decided to tutor her. She was taught finer details. The encouragement and support by Shri. Khoibi Salam, Secretary of MABA and Vice President of IABA, and Manipur Boxing Association was also a turning point for Mary.

When Mary decided to pursue professional boxing as a career she did not expect so many girls to be drawn to the sport.

She went on to become a state champion, after which there was no looking back for her. Initially her father was unaware about this new found interest, he was a believer that boxing was a violent game. He came te r m s w i t h t h e prospect of Mary boxing, only after it was largely accepted by the community around him.

TOWARDS THE RING

4

Meghana Lawate. She is a Mass Communication student at Christ College - Bangalore and can be reached at meghanalawate@gmail.com.

Being the eldest, Mary helped her parents by working in the fields, cut ting woods, m a k i n g charcoal and fishing.


Mary's journey to become a world class boxer reminds us that impossible is a word that says “I'm possible,� it is also a story breaking myths and creating a pedestal for yourself where you stand tall.

super mom, who wishes her kids follow their dreams, although she hopes one of them chooses tennis! She says that being a

Mary's achievements include 16 gold and 2 silver medals internationally, and the 11 gold medals she won at national tournaments, the Rajeev Gandhi Khel Ratna in( 2009), the Arjuna award (2004), the Padma Shri (2006). She was also a Pepsi youth icon in 2008, Mary is a icon to many, not necessarily in sports, she makes one realize that inspiration can come from any corner,

how you apply it to your life is your decision. Apart from being sports person she is a wife and a mother, she has broken every myth and in style.

mom is t h e b e s t moment in her life. Motherhood has not slowed down her gold rush, she still steps into the ring. Her dream n o w i s t o represent India in London Olympics 2010 and aims to get a gold as the National Anthem plays in the background.

MARY AND MOTHERHOOD

MARY OUTSIDE THE RING

Mary is married K.Onler Kom whom she met in Delhi. Onler proved to be a guide, a friend and a philosopher for Mary and they decided to vow each other for lifetime at M a n i p u r B a p t i st Convention Church th on 12 March 2005.

Mary is a sports person with very strong moral sense and community service, she aims to give back to the society in whatever way she can, she manages a boxing school named after her, she coaches 30 odd students who come from similar backgrounds as hers, she provides residential facility and free food, she believes that everyone should get an opportunity to do what they wish for.

Mary has a fun loving side to her w h i c h h e r opponents are unaware of. She is in the true sense a

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She has been appreciated by everyone around her, sports fraternity or otherwise, Vijender Singh has applauded Mary over her achievements and said that he thinks Mary is a major influence on those women

who choose a career in boxing. Mary takes her passion very seriously she has her eyes set on the gold in the London Olympics in 2012! And we at Blinkster wish her all the best!

k o J

es

me flat on the 110th a s e th n i d ve li s nd e i r Three f working. So they t ’ sn wa t f li e th y da e floor. On pass time and not o T s. ir ta s e th b m cli had to 1st person should tell at th d i sa ey th , ed r get bo tells a war story. n so r pe 1st so y, r o t s a war ls a funny story. Now el t He y. r o t s y nn u f a e 2nd d story He says “ I hav sa a ll te ld u o sh d 3r the e car” ! kept the door key in th

6

Kid

: Teacher I wa nt to go to toilet ? Teacher : ( correcting him to the toilet ? ) May I go Kid : But I asked first.


s s e n n i u G d r i s e d r W o c e R d l r o W ion of Largest collect traffic cones m Burford,

David Morgan fro collected 137 Oxfordshire has s cone - two-third different types of e. ad m er of the designs ev

Most fingers and toes on a living person Two Indians share the records with 25 digits each. Both Pranamya Menaria and Devendra Harne have 12 fingers and 13 toes, as a result of rare congenital abnormality.

Loudest burp Paul Hunn from Enfield, North London, recorded a burp of 104.9 decibels - about as loud as a pneumatic drill to claim the record in 2004. Mr Hunn said he trained by eating curries and kababs and drinking fizzy drinks.

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Most live rattlesnakes held in the mouth Jackie Bibby, aka The Texas snake Man, held 10 rattlesnakes by their tails in his mouth without assistance - in New York last year. Bibby also holds three other snake-related records: most snakes sat with in a bathtub (81), most snakes shared a sleeping bag with (109), and fastest person to put 10 snakes in a sack (17.11 secs).

Most Ferrero Rocher chocolates eaten in one minute Reuben Williams unwrapped and ate five Ferrero Rocher chocolates in one minute at De Hems in Soho, London in November 2007

Largest collection of aeroplane sick bags Niek Vermeulen, a marketing and investment consultant from the Netherlands, has 5,180 sickness bags from 1,003 different airlines. He started his collection in the 1970s.

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Most cockroaches eaten Ken Edwards of Glossop, Derbyshire, England ate 36 cockroaches in one minute on the set of The Big Breakfast on March 5, 2001. Swallowing cockroaches is "like having an anaesthetic at the back of the throat," because of the scent they emit to ward off predators, he says.

Heaviest car balanced on the head John Evans balanced a 159.6 kg (352 lb) Mini on his head for 33 seconds at The London Studios on May 24, 1999. Evans is a professional 'head balancer', but until then had tended to stick to lighter loads like people and books . On his website he claims to be the holder of no less than thirty World Records in eleven different categories.

Longest leg hair Medical student Wesley Pemberton had the world's longest leg hair which measured 5 inches (12.7 cm) in Tyler, Texas, United States on August 10, 2007. He now conditions the hair to make sure it stays in good condition.


Gonchu Tales

lkar a P . S . Illustration by H

Young Gonchu stopped by

10 pounds sugar at Rs. 1 . 25 a Kg

the corner grocery store

4 pounds coffee at Rs. 1 . 50 a Kg

and read a list to the clerk

2 pounds butter Rs. 1 . 10 a Kg 2 bars soap at 83 paisa each.

How much does that

Twenty-two rupees

come to?

and thirty-six paise.

If I gave you three ten

The clerk who appeared

rupee notes, how much

to be irritated by all

change would I get?

the questions.

Seven Rupees and sixty-four paisa,

Gonchu said, as he disappeared.

I don't want to buy the items, That is our arithmetic

homework for tomorrow and I needed some help with it.

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This is a very funny story about an old lady whose husband died and she wanted to put an ad in the paper about his funeral. Story Begins : The local newspaper funeral advertisement telephone operator received a phone call. A woman on the other end asked, "How much do funeral advertisement cost?" "Rs. 50.00 per word, Ma'am," came the response. "Good, do you have a paper and pencil to take down the words for advertisement?” "Yes, Ma'am.” "OK, write this: 'Fred dead.'”

Ad In The Paper

"I'm sorry, Ma'am; I forgot to tell you there's a five-word minimum.” "Hmmph," came the reply, "You certainly did forget to tell me that." A moment of silence. "Got your pencil and paper?" "Yes, Ma'am.” “OK, print this: 'Fred dead, Car for sale.' “

You can also Be Famous

RS DERS ET OUR READE ME MEET There are many ways to get famous. We give you the simplest way.... All you have to do is send across the most witty answers to the most simple questions to feature in Meet Our Readers section.

1. Describe yourself in two sentences. 2. Your favorite Celebrity and why ? 3. Complete the proverb in a funny way, “A friend in need ...........” 4. Your Favorite Joke. 5. What would you do with the money, if you hit a jackpot of Rs. 1 Crore? ers to : Send in your full name, address, email id and also include your photograph along with the answ

NETWORK 99

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yukta C/o. Karnataka Electricals & Engg. Co., Sam Karnataka Building, Koppikar Road, Hubli - 580 032 Or mail it to us at editor@blinkster-mag.com


Pr

R E P SU

S R O V I V SUR

An asa He An d Li Pr can ima may as l ad be Ent e _m rea hu t_0 ch sia 07 ed st @r at ed iff m ail .co m

SUP

uld you hang tough o C ? or iv rv su a u yo Are itions on the planet? nd co t s or w e th in n he w e survival stories and se Read these amazing ainst the extreme ag up k c a st u yo how th cheats. endurance of these dea

ER

RA TS

Humans have tried every trick in the book to get rid of rats since time immemorial. So how do these witty rodents always stay one jump ahead of us? Poisons are our favorite weapon, but rats have even found ways to survive this chemical warfare. It seems rats take tiny bites of any new food they find, including poisons, which may help them build up resistance. Coupled with the rats' fast reproductive rate, has seen the emergence of poisonresistant super rats, animals that scientists have described as little bags of poison with four legs and a tail!!

NG I S S I H

Some 30 years ago, scientists at a US army base were carrying out experiments on giant Madagascan hissing cockroaches. They exposed the bugs to doses of nuclear radiation. Cockroaches can survive 200 times more radiation than we can and at the end of the experiment, scientists were left with a colony of radioactive roaches. So they decided they better poison the bugs and then seal them in plastic bags to be disposed off. But these were bugs who just did not know when to quit. They shrugged off the poison, chewed out of the bags, and were soon running in the herds. One resident even had radioactive roaches in his breakfast. That is why the US army decided the only reliable way to kill these bugs was to hit them with a hammer! But even then, you would have to aim carefully. Cockroaches can live for a month with no head and only then die of thirst!!!

N AGASCA D A M THE

If rats are our worst nightmare, then cockroaches must be what rats have bad dreams about. These aggressive bugs will survive just about anything we throw at them. They have had plenty of practice, some 400 million years in fact. Cockroaches were bugging dinosaurs long before they set foot in your kitchen, but from the suburban kitchens of Massachusetts comes the ultimate cockroach survival story.

RY

H C A O R K COC

STO

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The water bear is the ultimate living machine on the planet because when conditions get tough, this animal effectively curls up and dies. It loses 99% of the water in its body and enters a state of suspended animation. Lets say a water bear starts getting too cold. It'll shrink down, retract all its legs, and shuts down all systems until conditions improve. Once they are in this state, they are practically indestructible. Water bears can survive temperatures as low as -2000 Celsius. Extreme heat would be no trouble either. Water bears have survived a scorching 1500 Celsius. Imagine if a human was exposed to radioactive material. You could be 200 kilometers downwind from a nuclear blast and still get a lethal dose of HE T radiation, i.e., about 500 Roentgens, (the unit used to measure radiation). The indestructible water bear has been shown to survive a thousand times that amount, i.e., 570, 000 Roentgens. Needless to say, life in the desert would be no trouble for a water bear. A long time ago a water bear was trapped in a museum specimen of dry moss. It came back to life when scientists added water to the moss 120 years later!!! The water bear's toughness is literally out the world because it could even survive the vacuum of space.

SU

O WITH N

But none of the above contenders for the title of “super survivor� would come remotely close to a tiny bug that you can find just about anywhere on the planet, from the bottom of the ocean to the top of the Himalayas to right in your gardens! The only problem is the world's toughest animal is very, very, small and invisible to the naked eye. Meet the water bear!!!

DE ATH

IN RASPUT

Only one man is documented to have shared this incredible ability of survival. Meet the scandalous Mad Monk Rasputin. By 1916 in czarist Russia, Rasputin had become so unpopular that a band of conspirators decided to poison him with food laced with cyanide but he did not die. The poison may not have worked because of Rasputin's gastritis problem. Cyanide was not effective on him in some way, so Rasputin cheated death until the conspirators decided to shoot him, several times, but he still did not die. It wasn't until they beat him about the head and threw him in the river that Rasputin finally succumbed, but not to the poison or the bullets but by drowning!!!

G U B R PE

Apple and Banana were best friends. Apple was crying Banana : Why are you crying Apple ? Apple : All humans cut me and eat me.

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Banana : For you its just cutting and eating, for me they remove my dress and then eat me.

Sanchita Thakur, No. 31 USHAKIRAN, 1st cross, Rajajinagar, Behind hotel travel Inn, sattur, Dharwad - 9. Karnataka. School: SDM school, (CBSE), Std: VIII

Really, when the going gets tough, the tough get going !!!


Colour Page

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Colour Page

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Colour Page

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Colour Page

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Agriculture Ants began farming about 50 million years before humans thought to raise their own crops. The earliest evidence suggests ants started using agriculture as early as 70 million years ago in the early Tertiary period. Even more amazing, these ants use sophisticated horticultural techniques to enhance their crop yields.

Warfare Techniques Separate species of the ants, may be seen massed in combat fights, which can be continued for hours, days or weeks. Some of the most extensive battles observed have been fought between Pavement Ants, but there have been massive battles between Argentinian supercolonies that have left millions of ants dead in days.

Ants make up 1/10 of the total world animal tissue. The total biomass of all the ants on Earth is roughly equal to the total biomass of all the people on Earth.

Invasive Argentine ants form large supercolonies in California. Linepithema humile, Argentine ants, build a super colony stretching 6,000 kilometers from the Italian, France, Spanish to Northern Portugal coast. In 2009 scientists discovered that this mega colony did not only stretched on Europe, but also the United Stated and Japan.

As a collective, an ant colony can achieve remarkable things, complete tasks, and solve problems that would be unimaginable for a single ant. Colonies are responsible for building complicated nests, waging battles, and creating highway systems to food sources. The collective intelligence of an ant colony can serve as inspiration to help us solve complex human problems.

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Ants Teach and Communicate A recent study has demonstrated that ants can pass on knowledge from one ant to another and teach other ants how to find food. Ants have been observed to use a teaching technique called "tandem running" in which an ant that knows where to find food, will lead a new ant to the spot. The teacher ant will slow his pace to allow the student ant; if the student ant falls behind.

Ants Capture Slaves Ant wars will often result in the defeated survivors being kept as slaves by the victorious ant colony. They are incorporated into the new colony and made to work for the victors. We must not equate ant slavery with the human experience. Obviously human slavery is morally reprehensible and wrong from a political, moral and economic perspective. Still, the taking of prisoners and using them as slaves is a behaviour that is both complex and unique to ants and humans.

Ants Farm Other Insects Ants, like humans, farm plants and raise cattle. Sounds preposterous. It's true. Ants don't just farm, they raise and keep other insects for food, just like humans raise cattle. Many species of ants will domesticate aphids and act like shepherds by taking the aphids to feed on plants, while protecting them from other insect predators. The ants will then "milk" the aphids by squeezing their abdomens and causing some digested plant juice to be released into the mouths of the ants which will then share this nutritious fluid with the rest of the colony.

Ants are the most successful species on earth. They have survived and thrived for millions of years; they have conquered and colonized every continent and environment except Antarctica. Ants can be found in burning deserts, in jungles, and in cities. Ants exhibit many behaviours consistent with intelligence and civilization: they build cities, farm, communicate, and accomplish tasks through collective, highly organized goal-driven behaviour. If ants were apes, or some other hominid, we would doubtlessly recognize them as intelligent.

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Top 5

Martial Arts from around the world

arts are r f ighting o ts r a l a ti Mar actices ganized pr r o f o s m e syst t. s of comba n o i it d a tr and ilar all have sim ts r a l a ti r a M feat ysically de h p to : s e v objecti nd ons or defe s r e p r e th o sical s f rom phy r e th o r o oneself ied ay be stud m y e h T threat. s including n o s a e r s u for vario , selfills, f itness k s t a b m o c ort, selftal defense, sp ation, men it d e m / n o cultivati character lf discipline, building se d n a t n e m develop e, or any This conf idenc the above. f o n o ti a combin e top 5 in is a list of th rtial Arts, a M l a n o ti interna lar order. no particu

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e t a r Ka

1

The word "Karate" means the "empty hand" or the "Chinese hand", and it has been given this name because it involves a rapid use of hands and legs in an extreme close combat. Contrary to popular opinion, the martial art Karate was not invented in China. Rather, it has its origins in the island of Okinawa in Japan. It did not catch on in mainland Japan until the early 1900s, when Master Gichin Funakoshi simplified the selfdefense techniques and added a philosophical aspect to the art.

Karate kicked off with the original Okinawa style; later on, the Japanese patented their own styles, which are now appropriately called Japanese styles of Karate. With time, many karate schools all cross the world began naming their Karate after their school's or master's name, giving birth to many sub-styles.

Karate not only keeps your body fit, it also strengthens your mind and enhances your concentration. Only thing, you must learn to respect it and practice it seriously as an art.

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o D n o w K e Ta

2

Although in the Korean language it can be loosely translated as “The way of hand and foot�, Tae Kwon Do is distinguished more by its powerful kicks than hand strikes.

Tae Kwon Do practitioners believe that since the legs are longer and generally stronger than the arms, it is the best weapon a martial artist has. Thanks to the millions of students worldwide, it is now an Olympic sport. Tae Kwon Do is the national sport in South Korea. This popular martial art is practiced as a sport in as many as 123 countries all over the world. It has been estimated that there are more than 30 million practitioners of this unique martial art across the world, of which more than 3 million are holders of black-belt a certificate for recognition of their skill level in the sport.

Taekwondo is not viewed as a mere sport played for the sake of fun. It is viewed as an essential and useful martial art that includes many techniques for combating attack from opponent. It is best considered as an effective tool for self-defense. In addition to the role of attack as well as self-defense, the martial art of Taekwondo is considered as a very effectively tool for exercising the body, and also for meditation and philosophy, since the sport or the art requires concentration and alertness the most.

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o d u J 3 Like many other martial arts with foreign backgrounds, the word "Judo" actually comes from different words put together. "Ju" refers to something that is gentle, and "do" means "the way" or "the path." In other words, Judo translates as "the gentle way," which gives you some insights as to how Judo is styled as a martial art.

The art was founded by Jigoro Kano, who as a youth was often picked on and bullied. After an unsatisfactory experience with Jujutsu, he developed a system with sweeps and throws which made size and strength of the other person irrelevant. Just like Tae kwon do, today it is an Olympic sport, where the main goal in a Judo competition is to throw one's opponent to the ground or make him submit through a joint lock or choke-hold.

Judo is based on making your opponent's energy work against them. When Judo was developed, it was with a intention that it could work well as a sport, not necessarily as an improved method of combat. With the arrival of sports and teams, judo became popular as a way of exploring competition and athletics, not necessarily killing or defeating an opponent.

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t Join Lock

Jigoro Kano

25


u F g n Ku

4

The term “Kung Fu” does not technically mean Chinese martial arts, but rather “skill or ability to do something”. A more accurate name would be “Wushu”, 'Wu' is the Chinese word for War or Martial. 'Shu' is the Chinese word for Art. Wushu means martial art.

Since introduced by Emperor Huangti, 2.698 BC, has grown to tens of thousands of Kungfu styles. Traditionally, this martial art is taught by the monks of Shaolin, with primary emphasis on morality and philosophy, which keep the value of humility, trust, patience, and respect the stress. It is believed that thousands of years ago the Buddhist monk Bodhidharma created the art to help his students concentrate during meditation.

The Shaolin temples are considered the origin of many of the martial arts throughout China. The art was spread throughout the country by wondering priests.

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i a h T y a Mu

5

It is estimated that muaythai history began about 1500 years ago, when several warring kingdoms dominated what is now called South East Asia. From the mountains of Western Myanmar to the Mekong's delta in South Vietnam, historical records show that the area was a constant battlefield. Three main races were constantly fighting, switching their allegiances, betraying their own people while protecting their own fragile kingdoms. These were the Burmese, the Siamese and the Khmer. They share a common history of wars, often fought for riches and farmlands. This ancestral form of "Eight limbs boxing", created to survive on the battlefield, is where muaythai history really began. As the national sport of Thailand, Muay Thai is what cricket is to the India. This form of kickboxing is different (some say more brutal) than Western kickboxing because fighters are allowed to use fists, feet, shins, knees, and elbows in their strikes. The sport has gained worldwide attention and today there are schools all over the world. In the earliest years the only things they Thai people had to rely upon for protection during battle were rudimentary clubs and short-range spears. This led to fighting at extremely close ranges which necessitated the use of fighting methods that incorporate the use of the feet, hands, fists, elbows, and even the head as combative weapons.

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One common Muay Thai technique is called the clinch. It is performed by grabbing an opponent around his body or neck.You may have seen this before when you've watched a boxing match on TV. When it happens in boxing, however, the two opponents are often forced to separate.

Clinch


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Tickle ! L L A IT T O G R FO

r u o Y Bones

H OOR AY

30

Teacher: Class, we will have only half a day of school this morning. Class: Hooray! Yeahhhh! Teacher: We will have the other half this afternoon!

DOLLA R

An 80 year old couple were hav they decided to go to their d ing problems remembering things, so oct nothing was wrong with them or to get checked out to make sure . When they arrived at the doct or about the problems they wer s, they explained to the doctor e having with their memory. After checking the couple out, the d oct physically okay but might wan or told them that they were t to start writing things dow n make notes to help them rem ember things. The couple tha and nked the doctor and left. Later that night while watch ing and his wife asked, "Where TV, the man got up from his chair are He replied, "To the kitchen." you going?" She asked, "Will you get me a bowl of ice cream?" He replied, "Sure." She then asked him, "Don't you think you should write it dow can remember it?" n so you He said, "No, I can remember that." had better write that down S because I know you'll forget he then said, "Well I would also like some strawberries on top. You He said, "I can remember th that." at, She replied, "Well I also woul you want a bowl of ice cream with strawberries." d With irritation in his voice, like whipped cream on top. I know you will forget that so he said, "I don't need to wri te that down! I can remember you better write it down." that." He then fumes into th After about 20 minutes he ret e kitchen. urned from the kitchen and moment and said angrily: handed her a plate of bacon and eggs. She stared at the plate for a “I TOLD you to write it dow n! You forgot my toast!�

TEACHER: If you had Ten Rupees and you asked your father for another ten, how many rupe es would you have? VINCENT: Ten Rupees. TEACHER(sadly): You don't know your arithmetic. VINCENT(sadly): You don't know my father.


O G O T T N A I DON'T W TO SCHOOL 1. Maths Tr. : Student if I give you 5 apples then 2 Bananas, 2 Oranges, 1 Mango, 6 Strawberries. What do you get ?

son. It's son. "Wake up, r he p u e k a went in to w ng, a mother ni r o m e n o y l Ear hool!” time to go to sc go." I don't want to ? m o M , hy w "But want to go." why you don't ns o s , too!" ea r o w t chers hate me ea "Give me t he t d n a , one get ready." s hate me for e on now and om "Well, the kid C . ol ho sc go to reason not to ol." "Oh, that's no ould go to scho sh I Principal!” hy w s n so rea r, you're the he t o an r fo "Give me two rs-old. And you're 52-yea e, on r fo , l el W "

Student : A fruit salad. 2. Teacher : from when did Akbar start ruling ? Student : From page 31 to page 40. 3. Lecturer : Student, you have cow dung in your head. Student : That is why you eat my head everyday sir! From Sanchita Thakur, No. 31 USHAKIRAN, 1st cross, Rajajinagar, Behind hotel travel Inn, sattur, Dharwad - 9 Karnataka. School: SDM school, (CBSE), Std: VIII

GOD GOES MISSING There were two little boys, 8 and 10 years old, very mischievous and naughty. They were always get into trouble and their parents knew that, if any mischief occurred in their city, their sons were probably involved. They boy's mother heard that a clergyman in city had been successful in disciplining children, so she asked if he would speak with her boys. The clergyman agreed, but asked to see them individually. So the mother sent her 8-year-old first, in the morning and 10-year-old in the afternoon to see the clergyman . The clergyman, sat the younger boy down and asked him sternly, "Where is God?". They boy's mouth dropped open, but he made no response, sitting there with his mouth hanging open, wide-eyed. So the clergyman repeated the question in an even sterner tone, "Where is God!!?" Again the boy made no attempt to answer. So the clergyman raised his voice even more and shook his finger in the boy's face and bellowed, "WHERE IS GOD!?” The boy screamed and bolted from the room, ran directly home and dove into his closet, slamming the door behind him. When his older brother found him in the closet, he asked, "What happened?” The younger brother, gasping for breath, replied, "We are in BIG trouble this time, dude. God is missing and they think WE did it!”

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War Times Stories

The

Young eous Courag

& L A P R A T E H K N U R A

2nd Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal was only 21 yrs old when he laid his life for India. He received the Param Vir Chakra (which is the highest gallantry award of India) posthumously. Arun Khertarpal was 17 when he joined the National Defence Academy. He was an able and active student. He went on to join the Indian Military Academy. In 1971 he joined the Poona Horse, which is an armored regiment in the Indian Army. During the Bangladesh war in 1971, the Poona Horse was assigned to the command of the 47th Infantry Brigade of the Indian Army. On 16 December, Pakistani armor launched its counter attack at the 17th Poona Horse at Jarpal. The Indian regiment was badly outnumbered and reinforces were called for. Arun Khetarpal who was stationed close to the squadron took the reinforcements to Jarpal, with his detachment of two tanks and troops. Khetrapal launched right into the Pakistani attack. He was able to run over the enemy advance with his tanks and even captured some of the enemy infantry. However, the commander of the second tank was killed in this attack. Now, Khetrapal, was alone in charge. Never the less, he continued his direct attacks on the enemy strongholds until he had overwhelmed the Pakistani positions. As the Pakistani troops began retreating, he pursued them a gunned down another Pakistani tank in the process. However the Pakistani troop got reinforcements and

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counterattacked with their tanks. In the ensuing tank battle ten enemy tanks were hit and destroyed of which Arun Khetarpal accounted for four. In the fight, Khetarpal's tank was hit. He was ordered to abandon his tank and return, but Khetarpal kept attacking and managed destroying one final tank before being over powered by Capt. Khwaja Mohamad Naser. Khetarpal's last words to the officer who ordered him to abandon his tank were, “No Sir, I will not abandon my tank. My gun is still working and I will get the enemy”. In 2001, Brigadier M.L. Khetarpal, father of Arun Khetarpal, visited his birthplace at Sargodha, now in Pakistan. At Lahore airport, Brigadier M.L. Khetarpal was met by Brigadier Khwaja Mohammad Naser, who took it upon himself to be Brigadier M.L. Khetarpal host and guide. On the last night before Brigadier M.L. Khetarpal's departure, Brigadier Naser said 'Sir, there is something that I wanted to tell you for many years but I did not know how to get through to you. Finally, fate has intervened and sent you to me as an honored guest. The last few days we have become close to one another and that has made my task even more difficult. It is regarding your son who is, of course, a national hero in India. However on that fateful day, your son and I were soldiers, unknown to one another, fighting for the respect and safety of our respective countries. I regret to tell you that your son died in my hands. Arun's courage was exemplary and he moved his tank with fearless courage and daring, totally unconcerned about his safety. Tank casualties were very high till finally there were just two of us left facing one another. We both fired simultaneously. It was destined that I was to live and he was to die. It is only later that I got to know how young he was and who he was. We are trained to fight and kill without mercy or remorse. We do in war what we have to without thinking too much about it. However we are humans too and sometimes war takes a personal turn and makes an impact on the inner self. I had all along thought that I would ask your forgiveness, but in telling the story I realize that there is nothing to forgive. Instead I salute your son for what he did at such a young age and I salute you too, because I know how he grew into such a young man. In the end it is character and values that matter.” “Courage is being afraid but going on anyhow”

- Dan Rather

Geetanjali Joshi

She can be reached at jgeetanjali@gmail.com

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Answers on page no. 38.

Blinkster Challenge

Find 9 Differences between 2 pics

2.

ANSWERS: 1. The Price on the Glass wall 2. 'Open' board on the glass wall. 3. The news paper reader is looking in different direction 4. The shopper is looking in different direction 4. The car on the street 5. The missing pouch on the shelf is in the shopper's hand. 6. The broom stick 7. The cable wire connected to the switch box. 8. The 'shop' board on the door. 9. Two people walking on the road.

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1.

?

Can you draw the figure shown without lifting your pen & without retracing a line. What fills the missing block?


13% of

people are

Left-ha n

ded

Left-handedness is a term used for people who prefer using the left hand over the right. In medieval times, left-handed people could not become knights because it was thought that they were descendants of the devil. The word for left in French means gauche and in Latin it means sinister. 13% of people are left-handed, up from 11% a few decades ago. The story that right-handed people live, on average, n i n e ye a r s longer than left-handed people is false. Animals also a re e i t h e r right-handed or left-handed. Polar bears are lefthanded and so is Kermit the Frog.

right thus, left-hand-drive vehicles. 65 countries still travel on the left. In some countries, such as France, trains travel on the left where there are two tracks. All aircraft and boats keep to the right.

Here are some more interesting things to know about left handed 8 Most left-handers draw figures facing to the right. 8

There is a high tendency in twins for one to be left-handed.

8

Left-handers excel particularly in tennis, baseball, swimming and fencing.

8

4 of the 5 original designers of the Macintosh computer were left-handed.

8

Some scientists consider those who use their left hand to write but their right side for everything else like, their right eye to look through a camera lens and their right foot to kick a ball, for example--to be left-handed, while others don't think that way.

8

Lefties do have some significant advantages over right-handed people. They tend to be more athletically inclined, to have more spatial awareness and to think more quickly.

Left- or right-hand travel Before the advent of the motorcar everybody traveled on the left side of the road because most persons are right-handed, the side on which they would draw their sword. If you passed a stranger that walked in the same direction, you pass on the left to ensure that your sword arm was between you. Most of the world now drives motorcars on the

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It is observed that most of the great rulers of the world were left handed. A really interesting question is whether there is any connection between left handed people and creative genius. Some of history's most creative minds have been lefthanded. › Alexander, the Great, the greatest general of all times, was known to be the conqueror of the world. His being left-handed did not affect his feats. The other famous lefthanded rulers and generals in the world are Napoleon Bonaparte, Julius Caesar, Charlemagne.

Franklin, Isaac Newton, and Albert Einstein. In the field of motion pictures, Charlie Chaplin.

› President Barack Obama, sworn in as the 44th president of the United states of America, is the 9th left-handed President to hold the office. Other left-handed U.S presidents are Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, Ronald Reagan, Harry Truman and Gerald Ford.

Bobby Fisher, the modern chess genius, is left handed. So too musical geniuses Bob Dylan, Paul McCartney, and

› Other famous left-handed leaders in the world are Mahatma Gandhi, Otto von Bismarck, Lord Baden Powell, Bertie Ahern and Fidel Castro. › Queen Victoria, the longest reigning monarch in England, was left-handed. Her left-handed successors include King George VI, Prince Charles and Prince William of England. In the category of a r t , b o t h Leonardo da V i n c i a n d Michelangelo were left handed. In the category of music, Ludwig van Beethoven was left handed. In the field of science and invention, you find Benjamin

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Wynton Marsalis. It is quite difficult for left-handed people to live in a world where most tools and machines are designed for right hand use. However, we find that left-handed people all over the world have excelled beyond imagination in every field. Perhaps, it won't be an exaggeration to say that nearly all the noteworthy people in the world were left-handed.

If you are a right-handed person, try this experiment sometime: Grab a scissors with your left hand and try cutting a piece of paper. Don't be surprised if the experience feels extremely awkward.


Indya Exclusive

a y r a h Ac a t u r h Sus ia. nce of anesthes

rger y and scie The Father of Su

Born to sage Vishwamitra, Acharya Sushruta is the father of surgery and science of anesthesia. 2600 years ago he and health scientists of his time conducted complicated surgeries like cesareans, cataract, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones and even plastic surgery and brain surgery. Usage of anesthesia was well known in ancient India. Deep knowledge of anatomy, physiology, etiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity is also found in many texts.

His details on human embryology are simply amazing. Sushrut used 125 types of surgical instruments including scalpels, lancets, needles, Cathers and rectal speculums; mostly designed from the jaws of animals and birds. He has also described a number of stitching methods; the use of horse's hair as thread and fibers of bark. His detailed surgical procedures given in “ Sushruta Samhita “ were quite advanced whereas during that period in Europe the concepts of surgery were still at the stage of infancy. At that time he also performed Rhinoplasty (restoration of a damaged nose) and other challenging operations. His book on surgery prescribes treatment for twelve types of fracture and six types of dislocation. In the " Sushrut Samhita ," he details 300 types of operations. The ancient Indians were the pioneers in amputation, caesarian and cranial surgeries. Acharya Sushrut was a giant in the arena of medical science .When we see today's commercialisation of medical science, we are reminded of the ancient surgeons who maintained the nobility of their profession. Susruta says there can be nothing more magnificent than the act of removing human suffering. The science of life in practice is godly, life giving; indeed it is virtue and fame personified.

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Susruta Samhita

Acharya Sushruta in 300 BC recorded malaria as a disease associated with fevers caused by bites of the insects.

Answers Blinkster Challenge 1. 3 black stars. Going by row or column, the white star add up to 4 and the black stars add up to 5. 2. Start at the right middle. Circle the outside, then move in one loop. Keep circling and moving left until all circles are done, then move to the left middle.

Money money what money ? 1. The euro, or €. It is used in 13 countries of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Spain, Portugal and Slovenia. 2. The pound, or £. The United Kingdom is one of the 13 countries of the European Union that continues its own currency, the pound, and not the euro

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3. The Peso, or $ 4. The Yuan, or Y 5. The Yen, or ¥ 6. The Ruble, or R 7. The Rupiah, or Rp

8. The Baht, or Bht or Bt 9. The Rand, or ZAR 10. The Taka, or Tk


e p i u Trrtsmansh o p S This story is about a track and field championship at Pasco, Washington in May 2008. It was the senior girl's 3,200 meter race.

The winner, Nicole C. won the race by 3.05 seconds. This put her well ahead of the second place finisher. However, after the race, one of the judges disqualified Nicole, for stepping outside of her lane. Everyone thought that the judge had made a mistake. Upon reviewing the video tape it was clear that the judge had made an error. The title was still awarded to the second place finisher, Andrea N. When it came time for the medals to be distributed all girls who had finished in the top eight lined up on the platform. When Andrea was awarded her medal, she stepped off the platform, walked over to Nicole and put the medal around her neck. She said, "It's your medal". Nicole said she felt chills and thought the act was incredible as she knew that it was not Andrea's fault. She was touched by the gesture.

What followed was a amazing story of true sportsmanship. Each girl that won the subsequent 7 medals passed it on to the girl ahead of her, who had surrendered her medal to the previous finisher. The coaches looked on with admiration and pride. Finally, the last girl who finished the race in eight place, Lyndy D. gave her medal to the girl who placed seventh. As a result, the eight place finisher did not get a medal. To rectify this, Nicole who had also competed in the 800 meters and finished eighth, surrendered that medal to Lyndy. Now it seemed that everything was right.

he ate," Nelson said. "S st in w ou y ow h .� "That's not ushed everybody cr e h S . it s ve er es totally d

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Shapes 1 Scales Move 5 matches to make the scales balanced

2

3

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Key a. Move four matches so that three squares are created. b. Move three matches so that two rectangles are created. c. Move two matches so that two rectangles are created.

Look out for answers in next issue

Cow This cow has the following parts: head, body, horns, legs and tail. It is looking to the left. Move two matches so that it is looking to the right.


Largest World Currency Collection A Monetary Museum in Purbalingga, Central Java has a complete collection of currencies from 183 countries, largest world currency collection the museum broke the country, or even the world, record as the museum with the largest collection of foreign currencies. This museum is located in the same complex as three other museums in Kutasari village, Kutasari district, only about 4 kilometers north of the heart of the capital of Purbalingga regency. The other museums are the Reptile Museum, the Wayang (Puppet) and Archeology Museum and the Museum of Science and Technology. The three museums, along with a nearby reptile park, were inaugurated at the end of 2009. Prayitno, a spokesman for the Purbalingga administration, said the Monetary Museum was built on an idea from the regent, who will retire soon. “His term will end in April. He had a huge collection of foreign currencies, so the museum was constructed so that the public could enjoy his collection too.” Prayitno said that Regent Triyono had collected the international currencies when he traveled to other countries. “He said every time he left the country, he would change some money and bring it home for his collection. He

did it a long time ago, when he was an employee at the Home Ministry.” Triyono acknowledged that the money at the museum was his private collection. He started to collect foreign currencies more than 15 years ago. The regent, who is currently in the post for his second term,hoped that after his term ended, the currency collection could become his memorial and an educational resource for people, especially Purbalingga residents. “I can say that the museum has the largest collection in Indonesia, and maybe in the world. That's why it has received an award from the Records Museum (MURI) as the museum with the largest currency collection,” Triyono said. He said whenever he traveled overseas he would buy foreign currency at the airport before he left for home. “I always bought foreign currency. I bought it with my own money. I enjoy collecting currency from various countries, including old coins. As my collection grew, I do not know where to keep it all, so I make the best of it by building a monetary museum,” Triyono said. He hoped the existence of the museum would improve the tourism potential in Purbalingga. “Before the museum was built, the number of tourists in 2008 and 2009 had reached more than 1 million in a year. Hopefully, there will be more tourist arrivals in the future,” Triyono said.

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, y e n o M , y e n Mo ? y e n o m t a h w

Euro, pound, lira, dirham, rupee... Which countries use these currencies? Try out this currency quiz. At the end of this you will be richer by knowledge!

1. "I'm France, the land of Eiffel Tower and Zizou Zidane. My currency is:" A Franc B Euro C Pound D Dollar

land of the 4. "I'm China, the anghai the Great Wall and sh country. My largest city of the currency is:� Yen A Rupiah B Yuan C Dollar D

42

ngdom, 2. "I'm the United Ki and Paul the land of Big Ben rrency is:" Collingwood. My cu A Pound B Euro C Kroner D Yuan

3. "I'm Argen tina, the lan d of Lionel Andr ĂŠs Messi and t he Pampa. My c urrency is:" A Dinar B Dollar C Peso D Real

, the land of 5. "I'm Japan d Sumo Rising Sun an currency is:" wrestling. My A Dinar B Dollar C Euro D Yen


he 6. "I'm Russia, the land of t and ral famous St Basil's Cathed in the world's largest country size. My currency is:" A Ruble B Euro C Pound

7."I'm Indones ia, Javanese Ramayana, and I'm spread acro ss the equator. M y currency is:" A Rupee B Rupiah C Dinar D Real

D Dollar

Answers on page no. 38

nd of land, the 'la 8. "I'm Thai . My of Pagodas Smiles' and :" currency is A Baht B Ringitt C Pound D Dollar

e land 9. “I'm South Africa, th of Nelson Mandela and . My Gandhi's Tolstoy Farm currency is:" wing: Choose one of the follo A Dollar B Euro C Rand D Kroner

10."I'm Bangladesh, the land of Nobel Peace Prize winner for 2006, Muhammad Yunus and of coastal mangrove forests. My currency is:" Choose one of the following: A B C D

Rupee Taka Dinar Dollar

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d n i F

e h T

h t a P

Puzzle Who will reach ?

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Colour Page

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Colour Page

46


Colour Page

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Colour Page

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Interesting Facts about Greece

unit. Daily l ife was somewhat different in the Greek city-state of Athens, for example, than it was in the city-state of Sparta, or even in Corinth!

Geography The official name of Greece is the Hellenic Republ ic. It is a small nation in southeastern Europe.

History People have l ived in Greece for more than 5,000 years. It’s civil ization started about 2,500 years ago. Ancient Greek civil ization comprised of Southern Italy, the coastal areas of Turkey and the Black Sea, along with some colonies in North Africa, Southern France and Spain. Modern Greece is just a part of it. The popular yo-yo toy, the second oldest known toy in the world, originated in the days of ancient Greece, around 3,000 years ago. The first Olympic Games were held in 776 BC at the Greek city of Olympia.

Athens is the capital of Greece. It is also the most populated city in the country. Alabama, Macedonia, Bulgaria and Turkey are Greece's neighborig countries. 80 percent landscape of Greece comprises of mountains. Only one half of the country is covered by forests, the other half is barren.

The Ancient Greeks

The first two letters of the Greek alphabet - Alpha and beta have given us the word ‘alphabet'. The ancient Greeks did not have one king or queen. They l ived in city-states. Each city-state was a separate pol itical

The yo-yo toy

played an important part in the development of the alphabet.

There are about 3000 islands in Greece. However, only a few hundred of them are inhabited. Greece boasts of having 7,000 (l imestone) caves, which form 24,000 km of underground galleries.

49


Including its island coasts, the coastl ine of Greece is officially given as 13,676 kilometers, which would be approximately 8,498 miles. Other sources state it to be 15,147 kilometers or about 9,411 miles. Mount Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece, with a height of 2,919m. It is bel ieved to have served as the home of the Gods in the ancient Greek rel igion.

Economy Piraeus is the largest marine - based shipping centre of Greece and also the commercial hub of Greek Shipping, with most of Greece's shipowners basing their commercial operations there. An important percentage of Greece's income comes from tourism. In 2004 Greece welcomed 16.5 mill ion tourists. According to a survey conducted in People's Republ ic of China in 2005, Greece was voted as the Chinese people's number one choice as a tourist destination, and 6,088,287 tourists visited only the city of Athens, the capital city. In November 2006, Austria, l ike China, announced that Greece was the favourite destination. l ignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt, hydropower potential are its natural resources. About 7% of all the marble produced in the world comes from Greece.

50

It is world's third leading producer of ol ives, the Greeks have cultivated ol ive trees since ancient times. Some ol ive trees planted in the thirteenth century are still producing ol ives.

People Long ago some Greeks wrote plays that are still being acted today. They also made great works of art l ike sculptures of people and their gods. WHO 2002 stats state that Greek men and women have the highest incidence of obesity in Europe. Traditionally, Greeks have been known to celebrate their name days, rather than their birth dates.

Culture There are as many as 63 different folk dances in Greece. Greece has more international airports than most countries because so many foreign tourists want to visit. Approximately 98% of the people in Greece are ethnic Greeks. Turks form the largest minority group. Other minorities are Albanians, Macedonians, Bulgarians, Armenians, and gypsies. Alexander the Great was the first Greek ruler to put his own face on Greek coins. Previously, Greek coins had shown the face of a god or goddess. The Greek language, with documented l iterature spanned over 3.5 centuries, is one of the most important possessions of the Greek citizens.


e e r T l u f t i u r f n Th e U

Illustration by H. S. Palkar

gardener, er in town who was a A farmer had a broth ull of the magnificent orchard f and who possessed a trees skill and his beautiful finest fruit trees. His re. were famous everywhe

One day the farm er went into town to visit his brother, and was astonished at the r ows of trees that grew slende r.

Then the gardener called his workmen and ordered them to take up the tree and carry it to his farm. They did so, and the next morning the farmer began to wonder where he should plant it.

Look, my brother, I will give you an apple tree, the best from my garden, and you, and your children, and your children's children shall enjoy it.

If I plant it on the hill, wind might catch it and shake down the delicious fruit before it is ripe; if I plant it close to the road, passers-by will see it and rob me of its luscious apples;

But, if I plant it too near the door of my house, my servants or the children may pick the fruit.

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So, after he had thought the matter over, he planted the tree inside his barn, saying to himself

But behold, the tree bore neither fruit nor blossoms the first year nor the second; then the farmer sent for his brother, the gardener.

Thieves will not think to look for it here.

The gardener, when he saw where the tree was planted, laughed and said

He reproached him angrily, saying

You have deceived me, and given me a barren tree instead of a fruitful one. For, behold, this is the third year and still it brings forth nothing but leaves!

You have planted the tree where it has neither sun nor warmth. How, then, could you expect flowers and fruit? You have planted the tree with a greedy and suspicious heart; how, then, could you expect to reap a rich and generous harvest?

This Month in History November 1910

November 7, 1910

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The first commercial airplane flight in history was carried out by Wright Company pilot Philip Parmalee, who transported two bolts of silk (worth $1,000) from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, for delivery to the Morehouse-Martens Department Store in Columbus.

November 23, 1910 November 20, 1910 The Mexican Revolution began November 20th, 1910, as an uprising against longtime dictator Porfirio Diaz, who resigned and left the country in 1911.

The yacht Visitor 11, owned by Commodore W. Harry Brown, become the first vessel to travel on the Panama Canal, which was complteted as far as the Gatun Lock.


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e their copies iv e c e r s r e b ri c s b u S tands do before the news s

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in favour Of ‘Network 99’ Please add Rs. 40 in case of out Station cheques. £ Pay by money order.


Diamondts fac

A diamond is the hardest natural substance on earth, but if it is placed in an oven and the temperature is raised to about 763 degrees Celsius (1405 degrees Fahrenheit), it will simply vanish, without even ash remaining. Only a little carbon dioxide will have been released.

Diamonds are formed over a period of a billion or more years deep within earth's crust about 150km (90 miles) deep and is pushed to the surface by volcanoes. Most diamonds are found in volcanic rock, called Kimberlite, or in the sea after having been carried away by rivers when they were pushed to the surface.

A diamond is 58 times harder than the next hardest mineral on earth, corundum, from which rubies and sapphires are formed. It was only during the 15th century that it was discovered that the only way to cut diamonds was with other diamonds. Yet, diamonds are brittle. If hit hard with a hammer, a diamond will shatter or splinter.

The Largest Diamond : The world's largest diamond was the Cullinan, found in South Africa in 1905. It weighed 3,106.75 carats uncut. It was cut into the Great Star of Africa, weighing 530.2 carats, the Lesser Star of Africa, which weighs 317.40 carats, and 104 other diamonds of nearly flawless color and clarity. They now form part of the British crown jewels.

CULLINAN

The Cullinan was three times the size of the next largest diamond, the Excelsior, which was also found in South Africa. The world's largest documented polished diamond unearthed in 1986, also in South Africa is called Unnamed UNNAMED Brown. It weighs 545 carats and was BROWN cut down from a 700 carat rough diamond. It took an international team of expert cutters 3 years to complete the masterpiece. Another impressive diamond that also took 3 years to cut, and also is part of the British crown jewels, is the Centenary Diamond. It weighs 273.85 carats and is the world's largest flawless diamond.

Diamond

colors

Not all diamonds are white. Impurities lend diamonds a shade of blue, red, orange, yellow, green and even black. Vivid blue, green and pink mined diamonds are the rarest. They are not the rarest gemstones, however. That title goes to a pure red ruby. Diamonds actually are found in abundance; thousands are mined every year. 80% of them are not suitable for jewelery they are used in industry or in cheap rings.

Synthetic diamonds Late in the 19th century, Scottish scientist James Ballantyne Hannay mixed lithium with bone oil and paraffin, sealed it in iron tubes and heated it to red hot. He claimed, in 1879, the resultant stones were diamonds. They were stored away and only many years later they were found to be diamonds, albeit synthetic. In 1892, Henri Moissan theorized that diamonds could be synthesized by crystallizing carbon under pressure. Today, synthetic diamonds is big business, outselling mined diamonds by far. Sometimes called cubic zirconia and synthetic moissanite, they are categorized and evaluated with the same grading scale process as mined diamonds but sell for much less. Synthetic moissanite is a diamond simulant with similar thermal characteristics to mined diamonds and most people, even so-called experts, can't tell them apart.

Weighing diamonds CENTENARY DIAMOND

The biggest diamond in the entire universe is thought to be Lucy, a crystallized white dwarf star, a star consisting of diamonds. It's weight is 10 billion trillion trillion

54

carat. Named after the Beatles song, Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds, it is technically known as BPM 37093.

A diamond carat differs from a gold carat. The gold carat indicates purity pure gold being 24 carats. One diamond carat, for mined or synthetics diamonds, is 200 milligrams (0.007055 oz). The word carat derives from the carob bean. Gem dealers used to balance their scales with carob beans because these beans all have same weight.


e k a M m t s Make o e most k r h a t ftheof u M o y your oStudies the m s e i f d u o t S d u St By Dr. Ali Khwaja

Are you complacent that there is still lots of time, or are you scared that exams are just round the corner? Are you wondering where all the months have flown past, and regretting all the days you spent with friends or watching TV? Wondering whether you will be able to make up in the few weeks left and do at least reasonably well in the next exams?

There is no substitute for steady year-long studies. Those who started off systematically at the beginning of the academic year, and have been covering the syllabus from time to time, revising and learning, are the proverbial tortoises who have a head-start over the hare that stopped to sleep thinking that there is lots of time left. But if you are not in that category, the worst thing to do now is to panic, get frustrated or depressed, and start losing hope. There is a lot you can still do to catch up with your academics and give your best shot to the exams.

Stress Relief

Here are some practical tips

Even if you are not the type of person who “appears� stressed or tense at exam time, you may be internalizing the stress and putting up a brave front. It is always better to practice some form of stress relief in the run-up to final exams. It could be something simple like deep breathing, or you could practice yoga/meditation. Some find stress relief in creative activities, others in a brisk walk or jog. Find what is good and suitable for you, and ensure that you practice it on a regular basis.

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Timing

Take Stock

Check out what level of comprehension you are at. Survey your text book and categorize all the chapters into the following three categories: A = I know everything, B = I know something, C = I know nothing. Check out chapters that are in C category and see if you can get someone to explain them better to you, or whether repeated reading will get them into your head. In a few days, if you find that the C category chapters still appear absolutely hazy, just give up on them. Instead of wasting time on those few difficult chapters, get down to those in the A and B category.

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positive strokes

yourself

Give yourself positive strokes by listing out all the chapters and topics you have already understood well. Put up that list on a wall opposite to you, and keep repeating to yourself that you are confident in those portions. This develops higher motivation for you to study the topics that still remain in the B category.

When you are tired and want to wind up your study session, spend the last few minutes browsing through the A category chapters, just to review and reaffirm that you have understood them. This will ensure that you will not forget at the time of the exams, and it will also allow you to complete your study session with a positive thought that there are at least a few chapters that you know thoroughly.

Give

tired

When

you are

Whenever you are fresh and bright, start off by reading one of the B category chapters. Read, recite loudly if you find it helps you to remember better, and then review after giving a few minutes gap. See how good your recollection is. If you feel that the chapter is too vast and you are not being able to remember everything, jot down key words, definitions, formulae, and start concentrating only on them, instead of reading the whole chapter next time.


approach

As exams approach, keep moving your focus more and more on the topics where you have some amount of understanding, and do not bother yourself with those you have failed to comprehend. The worst that will happen is that you will lose that many marks. If you are lucky, you will be able to leave out those topics in the choice offered to you in the exam.

Avoid comparing

exams

As

Adding on

Whenever you have understood a chapter or topic that was earlier in the B category, ceremoniously transfer it to the A category and give yourself a pat on the back, a reward, or some form of appreciation.

Talk to a trusted person

Avoid comparing your preparation level with your friends. It unnecessarily creates a complex in you. Talk to friends who study well and discuss some topics that you are slightly confused about, so that you can learn from them. But do not ask them how well they are prepared, and do not tell them how badly you feel you are prepared. Talk to a trusted person like your parent, an elder, a friend not directly competing with you in this exam, or a counselor and vent out your fears and apprehensions. Once you have spoken out from time to time, you will feel lighter, and will be able to move on with renewed enthusiasm for your studies.

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Keep in mind that all tests and exams are only stepping stones towards many more challenges you will be taking up in life. They also marks your crossing over to the next phase of your life taking you closer to your ultimate goal of becoming a successful and fulfilled person. Cross these hurdles with faith in yourself, and just give it your best shot. You will be surprised when the results show that you have done much better than what you had anticipated !

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At times I wonder whose is this voice Which knows how to make itself heard Even in the loudest noise Who is it, who plays hide-and-seek With my senses? And helps me to see the reality behind My silly pretences. The more I search for it, The deeper I go But itself, it nicker should It is so near, yet so far Now I know what to wish for Upon a star For I will discover the inner voice Which always helps me Make the right choice.

While walking on your path You help someone, You hear a voice congratulating you On what you’ve done. When you hear the ecstasy In the voice You will get the satisfaction That I’ve made the right choice

In times of trial when you decide that You can’t cope, You hear a voice which tells you To keep hope It asks you to believe in yourself And give it a shot, And you discover the oasis In your land of drought

Deep within you, you hear a cry To stop you from going On the wrong path it will try, It invariably means the best for you So you can’t deny

i ce o V r e n The In When you misbehave or tell a lie

: uted by Contrib oushetti .H l Deepa H da High Schoo Almei A. J. De Ponda Goa

y: Contributed b Shreya Tari h School Almeida Hig . Ponda, Goa

Our communication is wireless Business is cashless Telephone is cordless Cooking is fearless Youth is jobless Religion is careless Conduct is worthless Cricket is consistency less. Knowledge is valueless Faith is godless Labour is effortless Relationship is loveless Attitude is careless Feeling is heartless Food is packless Commitment is aimless Life is meaningless Hence our existence is useless

rn e d o M In this World

Poems


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Blinkster November 2010