ALEXANDER SHAMBAUGH A R C H I T E CT U R E P O RT F O L I O
The following portfolio contains selected works from my undergraduate education at the University of Virginia. Unless otherwise stated, all academic projects were designed independently.
EDUCATION BS.ARCH Aug 2014 - May 2018
U N I V E R S I T Y O F V I R G I N I A School of Ar chi t e c ture Charlottesville, VA Ca n di da t e fo r Ba c h e l o r o f Sc i e n c e i n Ar c h i t e c t u r e In t e r me di a t e H o n o r s , D e a n ’s L i s t Cu r r e n t G PA: 3 .7 2 / 4 .0
HIGH SCHOOL Sept 2010
- Jun 2014
McLean, VA Re l e va n t Co u r s e w o r k: Ma n da r i n Ch i n e s e (8 Se me s t e r s ), Ar c h i t e c t u r e (8 Se m e s t e r s ) `
THE POTOMAC SCHOOL
BJARKE INGELS GROUP New York City, NY Sh o r t - t e r m i n t e r n s h i p b e t w e e n a c a de mi c s e me s t e r s i n w h i c h I a s s i s t e d a s k e t c h d e s i gn t e am o n t he
I am a 22-year old
Co n c e p t D e ve l o p me n t p h a s e o f a n e w mi xe d- u s e de ve l o p me n t p r o je c t . T hi s e nt ai le d t wo we e k s o f
i n t e n s i ve r e s e a r c h a n d p r o du c t i o n i n p r e p a r a t i o n fo r t h e c l i e n t “ki c ko ff” m e e t i ng. W o r k r ange d f r o m
from Washington DC
i n - de p t h s i t e a n a l ys i s t o p r o du c i n g s c a l e d s i t e mo de l s a n d ma s s i n g s t u di e s .
graduating from the Unviersity of Virginia in May 2018.
GLUCKMAN TANG ARCHITECTS
New York City, NY
- Aug 2017
Th e w o r k c o n s i s t e d o f s i t t i n g i n o n c l i e n t me e t i n g s , r e de ve l o p i n g a r e s o r t m as t e r p lan, wo r k i ng wi t h
CONTACT (703) 629 2973 email@example.com
As s i s t e d a t e a m o f a r c h i t e c t s i n t h e de s i g n de ve l o p me n t p h a s e o f t w o co m m e r c i al r e s o r t p r o j e c t s .
t h e c l i e n t o n s c h e ma t i c de s i g n , dr a ft i n g flo o r p l a n s o f fu t u r e h o u s i n g pr o j e c t s , and r e nd e r i ng t he i n i t i a l r e n o va t i o n s fo r t h e r e s o r t a r r i va l s e xp e r i e n c e .
EXTERN Jan 2017
STUDIO 27 ARCHITECTURE Washington DC
1600 N. Highland St.
Sh o r t - t e r m i n t e r n s h i p b e t w e e n a c a de mi c s e me s t e r s i n w h i c h I a s s i s t e d S t ud i o 2 7 i n t he s c he m at i c
Arlington, VA 22201
de s i g n a n d r e n o va t i o n o f a u n i ve r s i t y b u i l di n g . Th e w o r k r a n g e d fr o m analy z i ng o ld c o ns t r uc t i o n do c u me n t s t o di a g r a mmi n g e xi s t i n g a n d p r o p o s e d me c h a n i c a l , e l e c t r i cal and p lum b i ng s y s t e m s w i t h i n t h e b u i l di n g .
BARNES VANZE ARCHITECTS
On e - mo n t h i n t e r n s h i p i n w h i c h I l e a r n e d t h e n u t s a n d b o l t s o f h o w a r e s i d e nt i al fi r m o p e r at e s and
HONORS 2017 Dean’s List 2016 Intermediate Honors 2015 Dean’s List
w a s i n t r o du c e d t o t h e b a s i c s o f Ske t c h - U p , Au t o CAD , a n d Ado b e Su i t e .
INVOLVEMENT RESEARCH ASSISTANT Jan 2018 - March 2018
TEACHING ASSISTANT Jan 2018
- May 2018
V-Ray Maxwell Photoshop Illustrator
- Dec 2017
ALDAY JOVER ARQUITECTURA Charlottesville, VA As s i s t i n g p r o fe s s o r s In a ki Al da y a n d Ma r g a r i t a Jo ve r i n p r e p a r i n g a n e xh i bi t i o n t hat wi ll s ho wc as e 2 2 ye a r s o f t h e i r c o l l e c t i ve a r c h i t e c t u r e w o r k, a n d c o n s t r u c t i n g a 4 ’ x 8 ’ mo d e l o f t he i r p r o j e c t s .
U N I V E R S I T Y O F V I R G I N I A Wor l d C ont e mp or a ry Arc hitec ture Charlottesville, VA L e d a w e e kl y di s c u s s i o n fo r a n a r c h i t e c t u r e h i s t o r y/ t h e o r y c o u r s e t a u g h t b y p r o f e s s o r L i S hi qi ao .
U N I V E R S I T Y O F V I R G I N I A Le ssons i n Mak i ng Charlottesville, VA L e d a w e e kl y de s i g n w o r ks h o p fo r a n i n t r o du c t i o n t o de s i g n c o u r s e t a u g ht b y S and a I li e s c u.
“An o t h e r 3 4 ,0 0 0 Pe r D a y” t o b e p u b l i s h e d i n t h e Vi r g i n i a Ar c h i t e c t u r e Ma gaz i ne
“An o t h e r 3 4 ,0 0 0 Pe r D a y” fe a t u r e d i n r e s e a r c h jo u r n a l L u n c h : Vo l . 1 2
“Y a mu n a Ri ve r Pr o je c t ” fe a t u r e d o n Ac t o f Ma p p i n g @a c t .o f.ma p p i n g
“L i vi n g o n t h e E dg e ” s e l e c t e d fo r s c h o o l - w i de p u b l i c a t i o n
Another 34,000 a Day
Living on the Edge
The Yamuna River Project
Majlis Park Place
A River Monastery
Miscellaneous Work 2
ANOTHER 34,000 A DAY Foundation Studio III | Spring 2017 Another 34,000 a Day offers an efficient, affordable, and adaptable solution to the devastating refugee-housing crisis. According to the UNHCR, 65 million people today are categorized as refugees and on average 34,000 people a day are forced to leave their country in search of safer, better environments. This proposal is comprised of three distinct stages, each designed to accommodate any site, scenario, climate, and or population. While a displaced personâ€™s first priority is
nal design of a geodesic public services building for the nearby refugee community. From shelter to community to city, the primary goal of this investigation is to act as a catalyst for assimilating a group of displaced people into the rhythm of an unfamiliar urban fabric. The following work demonstrates a case scenario implemented in Portland, Maine. 2018 Published in the Virginia Architecture Magazine
to find shelter, this study begins with the rapid deployment of 2018 To be published on The Archiologist an expanding tensile fabric structures and continues to the fi- 2017 Featured in research journal Lunch: Vol. 12
PORTLAND CULTURAL CENTER
AGGREGATION 4 Bedroom Apartment 3 Bedroom Apartment 2 Bedroom Apartment Communal Kitchen Terrace Views
PROGRAM Subsidized Housing Transportation Career Services Child Care Commercial + Retail
E -W SE CTI ON
S-N SE CTI ON
STAGE 1: SHELTER Stage 1 prioritizes the immediate rescue, relief, and refuge of a displaced group of people. This process begins with the shelter and prioritizes the compactibility and adaptability of a unit that can be easily transported, deployed, and assembled on site. The driving force behind this particular design began with the joint: the lattice system behind the structural design evolved out of an iterative design process inspired by the popular childrenâ€™s toy, the Hoberman Sphere.
E -W SE CTI ON
S-N SE CTI ON
CAMP CHEWONKI 1
TRANSPORT + DELIVER Air-drop compatible in emergency case scenarios.
UNLOAD ONTO SITE
BUILD FOUNDATION Foundation can be raised and supported by wooden piles. In colder climates, a concrete foundation will utilize its thermal mass as a natural heating device.
EXPAND FRAME Timber frame unfolds and expands into a shelter 8 times its original size (when packaged).
ATTACH FABRIC A tensile fabric structure is then lifted and attached to a series of hooks.
Insulated fabric will be delivered in colder climates.
INHABIT + RECOVER Sheltered from the environment, refugees can both physically and mentally recover as they acclimate to their new living conditions.
STAGE 2: COMMUNITY Stage 2 defines a transitional period in which the refugee population live at a semi-permanent camp that provides basic resources such as free housing, medical and psychological relief, food and supplies, transportation to the nearest city, and most importantly, a sense of community. Applying this scenario to the case study of Portland, Maine, this hypothetical group of refugees would reside at the Chewonki campground just outside of the small town of Wiscasset, Maine. As an ideal location, Camp Chewonki is a one-hour drive from Portland, located directly adjacent to the Wiscasset airport and sitting on a body of water accessible by the Atlantic Ocean. 7
Camp Chewonki has the open space to house 12 to 16 U each block containing 8 refugee shelters and 1 service shape of a geodesic dome. Each service center provid kitchen, a small garden, and medical resources. The pri transitional period is to not only provide necessary livin foster a sense of community among the distressed re start to integrate them into the city of Portland by offe to and from its core.
UNHCR sub-blocks, e center taking the des WC facilities, a imary focus of this ng resources, but to efugees, as well as ering transportation
STAGE 3: CITY The third and final stage proposes the construction of a refugee Community Center near Portlandâ€™s eastern waterfront. The primary purpose of this center is to act as a cultural catalyst for integrating a new refugee population into the city of Portland. Furthermore, this building is not intended to be a singular enterprise aimed only toward refugee public services; rather, it aspires to become a comprehensive cultural center facilitating a true appreciation and openness to both refugee and local communi-
ties. Programmatically, the Portland Cultural Center will provide subsidized housing; a career services center; a day-care; as well as ample commercial-retail space, giving refugees the opportunity to showcase their foreign culture and unique set of skills. From the expanding joint to the unraveling of the buildingâ€™s structural envelope, the Portland Cultural Center seamlessly emerges from the adjacent waterfront becoming a major centerpiece of the cityâ€™s Eastern Park Promenade.
LIVING ON THE EDGE Foundation Studio II | Spring 2016 The Preston Avenue area is currently a lifeless traffic corridor that lacks a true sense of community and cohesion. In addition to a periphery of empty parking lots, the avenueâ€™s most underutilized land lies directly between four lanes of traffic, creating a major barrier for pedestrian circulation. This proposal explores a new housing typology built directly above Preston Avenueâ€™s median. This unique development aims to bridge two disconnected neighborhoods while assessing the possible benefits and drawbacks of building along a 50-foot wide median.
In an attempt to provide housing with nade will ascend along the median, lif a public space below. Rather than ac housing block will reach out at critica linear park while experimenting with a
hout further obstructing cross-circulation, a zig-zagging promefting the buildingâ€™s first floor above street level in order to create cting as a wall dividing North and South, Preston Avenueâ€™s new al moments along the median, providing access to a new public a more exciting way of living.
SITE PLAN Zooming into a major commercial and vehicular node, this proposal intends to restructure the mobility both along and across Preston Avenue. Strategic interventions will increase pedestrian accessibility by slowing traffic velocity, adding new parking lanes, and improving cross-walk circulation.
URBAN STRATEGY As an urban tool attempting to bridge two disconnected neighborhoods, Living on the Edge fully embraces its ambitious goal and aims to continue further along Preston Avenueâ€™s median, reaching out and connecting critical commercial areas in an attempt to merge them into one long corridor. In doing so, it will connect two major commercial hubs within Charlottesville, VA â€” the Preston Avenue Corridor and the popular, pedestrian friendly Downtown Mall.
FAMILY UNIT + + + +
22 Units 1200 sq. ft. 2 Bedrooms 3 Baths
STUDENT UNIT + + + +
U p pe r Leve l
Low er L ev e l
40 Units 1200 sq. ft. 3 Bedrooms 2 Baths
HOUSING This unusually thin structure will exploit the site’s width constraints by testing the strategic orientation of its apartment units and access points. Primary circulation will proceed from the North, as students ascend a long, meandering promenade closest to the University of Virginia’s main campus. A smaller promenade zigzags underneath the structure, providing access to the building’s central core.
The unique promenade experience continues up and into each housing unit. Circulatory paths dictate the organization of private and public spaces in order to minimize the need for doorways and other barriers. To accommodate the median’s variation in width, the Preston Avenue housing block will be comprised of two distinct apartment styles: the Family Unit and the Student Unit.
Low er L ev e l
U p p e r L ev e l
Yamuna River Floodplain
THE YAMUNA RIVER PROJECT Research Studio | Fall 2017 The data shown in the drawings above was produced by a collaborative research team. Line-work such as roads, rivers, drains, etc was recorded in a collective effort to map the city of New Delhi as part of The Yamuna River Project. My greatest contribution can be attributed to the mapping and tracing of New Delhi’s urban fabric in the following series of figure-ground studies. All post-processing and diagramming displayed in the following drawings was completed entirely by myself and became the foundation for the research conducted in the following project, Majlis Park Place. 17
The following diagrams represent a series of figure-ground studies conducted as part of The Yamuna River Project. They document the city’s urban “figure” in contrast to the agricultural “ground,” or green space, within and along the edge of New Delhi. In tracing the chaotic urban fabric, I determined there should be a complete re-thinking and re-defining of Delhi’s city line to accommodate and re-structure the true extent of Delhi’s urban boundary. 2017 Featured on Act of Mapping @act.of.mapping
Urban Boundary Redefined
City & River The Yamuna River cuts directly through the center of New Delhiâ€™s urban core.
As a result, its massive floodplain New Delhiâ€™s urban fabric into two d jor disconnect between
n acts as an urban moat, dividing distinct regions and creating a man the city and the river.
Metabolic City-Region This disconnect resonates throughout New Delhi as its citizens continue to litter the streets, green spaces, and storm-water drains with little to no awareness of their collective and catastrophic behavior.
MAJLIS PARK PLACE
The Yamuna River Project | Fall 2017 As the Yamuna River enters New Delhi from the North, its water transforms from a natural green to a dark black as it merges with the Najafgarh Supplementary Drain. This discoloration can be attributed to the unprecedented toxicity of New Delhiâ€™s storm-water drainage system, resulting from a culture of poor waste management, little-to-no trash disposal, and a serious lack of hygienic awareness. As the final metro station along New Delhiâ€™s recently constructed Pink Line, Majlis Park will play a momentous roll in the re-structuring and the re-centering of northern Delhi. Majlis Park Station 21
is located half a mile south of the Najafgarh Supplementary Drain, providing an immediate source of transportation to a heavily populated and disorganized urban fabric. While the location seems appropriate, the site currently faces enormous barriers of accessibility, circulation, and organization due to a lack of pedestrian crossings over a system of highways, ring roads, and polluted storm-water drains. This project investigates the possible expansion of the current Majlis Park Station in order to accommodate an even greater influx of people, automobiles, and trains.
Comprehensive Master Plan As part of a collective Master Plan, Majlis Park Place contributes to the complete restructuring of northern Delhiâ€™s Najafgarh Supplementary Drain. This proposal transforms a newly constructed metro station into a trans-modal hub of new centrality.
The following photos and site analysis were taken by myself during a site visit to New Delhi. Over the course of 10 days, a research team and I documented and reflected on the devastating and blatant contamination of the sacred Yamuna River.
Existing Site Plan
The new Majlis Park Metro Station is currently under construction and is located half a mile south of the Najafgarh Supplementary Drain.
Without a proper intercity bus station, buses and other vehicles create a major barrier for pedestrian circulation.
Sewage Treatment Plant
Resettlement Housing Majlis Park Station
New Metro Depot
Existing Site Axon
Sewage Treatment Plan
The metro station is surrounded by vast, empty marshlands to the southwest.
The new sewage treatment plant is hidden behind 20 ft high concrete walls, concealing its treatment process from the public eye.
Circulation The adjacent highway is a major vehicular artery for the Outer Ring road and its intercity bus routes.
High velocity traffic creates a enorm tion and forces nearby communitie due to a major disconnect between
mous barrier for pedestrian circulaes to cross over barren marshlands n the station and its surroundings.
Transmodal Hub Expanding Majlis Park from a single station into a mixed-use transportation hub will tremendously improve its current state of mobility. The redistribution of circulatory paths onto multiple levels will result in a more efficient bond between the Metro and Intercity Bus system.
Ecological Disconnect Highways and storm-water drains currently obstruct access to potential green spaces.
Storm-water drains have the oppor connectors, while restoring and r
rtunity to become major ecological revitalizing adjacent marshlands.
Ecological Anchors Each â€œarmâ€? of the trans-modal platform will seamlessly connect to its surroundings, facilitating the transition from ground to station.
MAJLIS PARK PLACE Transforming from a single metro station into a mixed-use, inter-modal urban connector, Majlis Park Place will very simply and strategically reorganize and redistribute the circulatory paths of a pivotal intersection within Delhiâ€™s outer ring road. This expansion entails the addition of an intercity bus station adjacent to the newly constructed metro rail while simultaneously establishing itself as a major node of centrality for the nearby communities.
A RIVER MONASTERY
Richmond Research Studio | Fall 2016 The following work showcases the design for a Cistercian Monastery built along the shore of the James River in Richmond, VA. The monastery houses 26 monks and is designed to accommodate a traditional Trappist Brewery as the monks’ primary source of income. As a religious retreat from the city, the monastery’s program and geometric organization is thoughtfully laid out to
W-E SECTION (1) Chapter Room (2) Tasting Room (3) Brewery (4) Library (5) Entry Bridge
separate public and private space. The center of the compound houses the brewing, bottling, and distribution of the monks holy beer. Each day, the monastery opens its doors to 50 visitors for a tour of the brewery and out tasting room. The monastery’s periphery buildings are comprised of 26 monk cells, a chapel, chapter room, library, offices, kitchen and canteen.
Outdoor Tasting Area
S-N SECTION Tap Room (1) Cold Storage (2) Outdoor Tasting Area (3) Brewing Area (4) Fermentation Area (5) Kitchen (6)
Chapel Placed atop the James River cliff side, this chapel is the only visible structure from the water. Its materiality and penetrable facades complement Chapel Island’s tall pine trees. The chapel’s heavily screened windows filter light from each side while narrow skylights ascend from the ground to form a repetition that draws one’s attention to the alter. A stained glass window takes the form of a shard, capturing the early morning light from the south-east. Basswood, Chipboard, Velum Paper
MISCELLANEOUS WORK Independent Studies | 2010-2014
In high school, I pursued an Independent Study in Architecture for all 8 semesters. I worked each and every day, teaching myself the fundamentals of design, brainstorming new and challenging project prompts, and developing my drawing, drafting, and model-making skills. Throughout these independent studies, I focused on the home and tested different sites, materials, styles and construction methods. These residential studies evolved into an early fascination with housing, which has guided my architectural endeavors throughout my four years at the University of Virginia. From designing 26 minimalist monk cells; to retrofitting Preston Avenueâ€™s median in order to accommodate 60+ affordable 35
housing units; to developing an adaptable emergency housing strategy for sheltering 34,000 refugees; I am now finishing my last semester investigating the detrimental effects of informal housing in New Delhi and its correlation to the contamination of the sacred Yamuna River. For my thesis, I am exploring the possibility of maintaining the same network of informal housing accumulation, but with a new clarity and structure that is both sustainable and controlled. The following hand-crafted models highlight the progression of my 8 years of design work, from hand crafting small cubic models to designing an adaptable housing typology for New Delhiâ€™s urban future.
A Rural Retreat The project above shows the design for a small rural retreat intended for a city dweller.
An Urban Dwelling A model for a three-bedroom house located in Lyon Village neighborhood.
A Mountain Home
Published on Mar 12, 2018