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Building Analysis

Grand Canal Theatre & Bing Concert Hall

Yinong Liu & Shaler Campbell Fall2013 ARCH 341 Margarida Yin [1]

Table of Contents:

Introduction 1 Site Strategy 3 Envelope 7 Structure 11 Circulation/Egress 19 Mechanical System 23 Program 27 Sustainability 31 Conclusion 35 Bibliography 37


Grand Canal Theater (Bord Gรกis Energy Theatre) Location: Dublin, Ireland Architect: Libeskind & RHWL Architects Year: 2010 Program: Theatre 1




Bing Concert Hall Location: Stanford, California, USA Architect: Ennead Architects Year: 2013 Program: Concert Hall [1]





Wooded area helps to provide shade from sun and protection from wind. New trees were planted to help maintain the wooded feel of Stanford’s campus. It is set back from the parking lot to help make it feel more comfortable and secluded. Loading dock is located in the rear of the building out of view from the entrance.

Cantor Arts Center

Clear Line of Sight to Cantor Arts Center

Bing Concert Hall Site Strategy Bing Concert Hall

Placement was related to the planned creation of an Arts Quad to help congregate all of the arts related buidings into one portion of the campus. Orientation of the main entrance aligns with the Cantor Arts Center across from it. Visually connecting it to the other main arts building on campus.

Parking Lot Green Space Art Quad

While still a work in progress, the planned arts quad will become a congrlomerate of all arts buildings. Bing Concert Hall helped to solidify this plan by becoming the first professional concert hall on Stanford’s campus.

Main Quad



Grand Canal Theater Site Strategy


Access to the building

Grand Canal Square

is the major public open space in the Dublin Docklands Development area. It is located on Grand Canal in Dublin and forms the focal point of this new development. Facing Grand Canal, it is flanked on its other end by Libeskind’s prominent new theater and entertainment building as well as a new hotel to the north and an office development to the south.

The red carpet

is paved in a newly-developed, bright red resin-glass material and is completed by red glowing angled light sticks that mimic the bustle on the red carpet.

The green carpet

has a calmer expression and offers ample seating on the edges of planters of various heights. Pushing out of the plaza is a water feature of randomly-stacked green marble that is overflowing with bubbling water. [11]


O2 Concert Venue

Grand Canal Theater Plaza/Vegetation

Grand Canal [3]


Sheathing w/ Joint Reinforcement Metal Studs

Rough Stucco Layer

Comparison The difference between the envelopes of the Bing and Grand Canal theatre are quite clear. The Bing is a predominantly opaque facade with a smaller glass curtain wall. The Grand Canal Theatre is predominatly seen as a glass curtain wall facade with metal elsewhere. For the apaque areas of the envelope the construction of it is the same.

Weather Barrier Finish Stucco Layer



Building Skeleton


Exterior Cladding Installation

Bing Concert Hall Envelope

Beige Stucco exterior material that extends inside of the building around the concert hall exterior.


Glass Curtain Wall Low-E glass provides protection from the harsh sun and has insulative qualities

Interior Stucco around the concert hall connects the exterior material with the interior

Aluminum Curtain Wall Mullion

Laminated insulating glass with low-E glass


Aluminum Sill Frame Removable Glazing stops


Grand Canal Theater Glass facade

Curtain Unfold elevations

Primary Steel Structure

Glass Facade

Formation Diagram










Detail of glass mullions


The glazed walls seemingly fold to reveal the various levels of the theatre foyers where the strong audience will gather and animate the bars and gallery levels.


Structural Framing

Floor System

Cloud Ceiling Framing Construc[3] tion

Structural Curtain Wall


Structural Beams integrated into [1] curtain wall


Columns Lines



Bing Concert Hall Structural Analysis Primary Structures


Steel Framing with Truss System


40ft Roof Beams supported by 8’-10� Deep Trusses spaning 115ft. Structural frame designed to resist seismic loads up to 0.32g.


Cloud Ceiling Framing comprised of 7in diameter Steel Piping including roof bracing for seismic loads Truss Catwalk

Shotcrete Shell Walls

Pipe Bracing Sail Wall Framing

Pipe Hanger Ceiling Cloud Framing

Wood Stage Over Steel Framing

Spread Footing Foundation [6,modified]


Bing Concert Hall Grand Canal theater floor system


Concrete (3.5in)

Steel Decking (3in)

Steel Structure

Floor Structure consists of concrete on steel decking that rests on the primary steel structure. Traditional concrete is used due to acoustic considerations.

Bing Concert Hall Structural Analysis Secondary Structures Metal Stud Interior Walls

Metal Stud Interior Partition Walls

Light Gauge Metal Studs were used through the building as the secondary structure for the interior walls and to help with the cladding system. [5]


Grand Canal Theater Structural Analysis Secondary Strucutre


Primary Strucutre

The steelwork formed the primary support to the desired architectural scheme, with the main roof sloping from east to west with a 19 degree slope, while also at the same time sloping north to south by three degrees.



Floor plans



0 10’





Artist & Staff Circulation Space

Patron Circulation Space

[1, Modified]

Stairs Circulation Space As with the Program layout, the circulation is primarily around the Concert hall. There is a main entrance along with 5 secondary exits around the perimiter of the first floor. As with egress requirements, there are multiple exits and hallways get wider towards exits in a horizontal pattern of movement. Five set of staiways serve as the means of travel from the lobby level to the stage level beneath. A passanger elevator serves as a vertical transport for the disabled and elderly while a freight elevator serves as the vertical transport for equipment.

Secondary Entrance

Secondary Entrance

Bing Concert Hall Circulation

Secondary Entrance

Artist, Staff, & Patron Circulation Space Main Entrance

Secondary Entrance

[1, Modified]

Secondary Entrance


Grand Canal Theater Ciuculation/Egress Primary Entrance

Secondary Entrances

Comparison: The circulation of both buildings are quite similar. They both have clear space for movement around the concert hall and a large lobby in the fron for gathering. They both have ample amounts of properly placed stairwells. Areas not for the public are clearly organized such that there is not clear circulation for those who are not intended to go there. The Grand Canal theatre has more vertical circulation than the Bing, which is only one floor. This lends the Grand Canal Theatre to have more stairs and areas for proper evacuation.


Vertical Circulations



Support Spaces

includes mechanical, electrical, audio tech, and artists rooms.

Musical Spaces

Concert Hall & Practice Space

Restroom Spaces

Storage Spaces

Bing Concert Hall Program

[1, Modified]

Lobby Level Program

[1, Modified]

Stage Level Program

Programs are organized into blocks of related spaces. The organization of the spaces is in direct relation to the concert hall and is visually setup as secondary to the concert hall. The organization of the first and second floors are very similar in their creation of two wings of spaces flanking the concert hall. These two wings house the restrooms, support spaces, and storage. The placement of the storage and restrooms is in relation to the circulation of the building and allowing for ease of use. The support services are mixed in among all of the other spaces which make up large blocks of support spaces. Included within the the support services are the mechanical and electrical services, audio tech, and the artist rooms.


Grand Canal Theater Program


Restaurant Terrace

Support Fly Tower

Office Support Back stage




Entrance plaza





Comparison: The Program layout of both buildings are quite similar. They both organize the spaces around the main concert hall. This gives the concert hall the prominance and focus it deserves. The support services in both buildings are located behind the concert hall with a large and open lobby in front of the concert as people enter into the space. In Section view, the Grand Canal Theatre is organized in more of a vertical and jagged nature and the Bing is less vertical and more cubic. Both buildings have a clear definition of public and private spaces. This is made even more clear by circualtion.

Garden Bar



Bing Concert Hall Heating and cooling from beneath the seating controls temperature to roughly 8 ft above the floor. Helps to save electricity by cooling the individual and not the entire space. Temperature controlled floors in lobby heat individuals and not space. Reduces the percentage of the building that requires traditional HVAC. Large curtain walls in lobby use natural lighting to reduce the about of electricity used for artificial lights during the day.



Grand Canal Theater Acoustic Design Arup provided design for the auditorium acoustics, stage design and technical theater facilities allowing flexibiilty to accommodate large scale touring ballet, musical and opera productions. Marshall Day Acoustics was engaged to assess the impact both of vibration and structure rediated noise on the therter. They also provided auralisations to help the theater understand what a passing train may sound like in the auditorium.


Low-CO2 mix concrete by “Central concrete” was used to reduce the overall carbon footprint by just over one million pounds. This choice of material also reduces the thermal mass on the building, and insulate heating temperature and air.


Water filtration system minimize water consumption, maximinze energy efficiency.

Low CO2 Mix Concrete The concert hall was surrounded by vegetations in Stanford campus to provide maximum oxygen which impact the building’s atmospherical environment.

interior temperatures are carefully controlled electronically in different rooms to ensure the proper storage of instruments, and to reduce energy consumption from exterior environment


Light wells admits daylight into the lobby, while openings through south and west invie all visitors to experience the landscape


Grand Canal Theater Sustainability

Glazed Atrium Space

Grand Canal Theatre combines aesthetics, quality and energyefficiency without compromising the architectural vision. The engineering solutions, the complexity of noise controls on the air systems, the lighting, the acoustic modeling and the structural support spans and connections, are all leadingedge.

Landscaped Roof garden Vegetation and soil act as a sponge, absorbing and filtering water that would normally plunge down gutters. Greenroof’s plants remove air particulates, produce oxygen and provide shade

33 33


Multi-story atrium not only connects interiro and exterior, but also optimizes sunlight, which reduces artificial lighting


Solar-Effective Roof Materials low-iron unitized twin skin glazing system with geometric ceramic frit patterns with solar / glare perforated venetian blinds


Large Double glazed windows reduce dependency on artificial lighting.




Bibliography Data - Grand Canal theater

Uffelen, Chris V. Performance architecture + design. Salenstein London: Braun Thames & Hudson distributor, 2010. Print. Uffelen, Chris V. Performance architecture + design. Salenstein London: Braun Thames & Hudson distributor, 2010. Print. Libeskind, Daniel, and Paul Goldberger. Counterpoint : Daniel Libeskind in conversation with Paul Goldberger. New York: Monacelli Press, 2008. Print. Allen, Edward, and Joseph Iano. The architect’s studio companion : rules of thumb for preliminary design. New York: Wiley, 2002. Print.

Photos - Grand Canal Theater

[1] [2] nal-commercial-development/images [3] and_Sketches/Daniel_Libeskind_Grand_Canal_Square_-_Site_Plan.jpg [4] [5] [6] [7] jpg [8] [9]


[10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15]áis-energy-theatre-and-grand-canal-commercial-development/images

Data - Bing: Dunn, Jeff, and Jason Victor Serinus. “Another New Bay Area Hall: Stanford University’s Bing Concert Hall.” American Record Guide, 76.3 (2013): 8-9. “Central Concrete Supplies Its Concrete Mix Designs for Bay Area Signature Projects - San Francisco’s Exploratorium, Devil’s Slide Tunnels and Bridges, Stanford’s Bing Concert Hall.” PR Newswire, (2013): .

Photos - Bing:

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] 38

Building Analysis Report  

A comparative analysis of the building systems of the Bing Concert Hall and the Grand Canal Theatre.

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