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Shakarganj Sugar Research Institute The Shakarganj Sugar Research

Board of Governors

weather condition to induce

Institute (SSRI) was established

Mr. Mohammad Asghar Qureshi

flowering, synchronisation of

in 1983. Shakarganj's decision to


parents and production of viable

setup the research institute was

has been given to sugarcane

Development of new cane

SSI Research Projects and Achievments

varieties with best management


practices can lead to increased

A total of 37 acres of land was

crop productivity.

available for experimental purpose. Laboratory buildings photoperiod

successful photo induction was given to parental lines in 1985. Detail of original seedlings that rose from 1984 till 2007 is given in Fig.1

and crossing sheds were under

R&D in industrialised countries

construction and survey of coastal

has revolutionised the agriculture,

areas was done for flowering to

Publication of Pakistan Sugar Journal (PSJ)

milling and processing of the

breed cane varieties. Cooperation

Printing of SSRI research papers

sugar world.

at the international level was

in the PSJ started in 1985 on a

started; Dr. S.A. Qureshi (late), DG

quarterly basis and has continued

A scientist of international repute,

of the institute visited USA, Brazil

on bimonthly basis from 1999. A

the late Dr Sardar Ahmad Qureshi

and Bangladesh to explore the

total of 416 research papers have so

was appointed the first director

possibilities for hybrid seeds. Fuzz

far been published in the Pakistan

general of the institute. He worked

was received from Brazil: 18 bi-

Sugar Journal, covering areas such

for 15 years with the institute till

parental and 4 poly crosses were

as agriculture milling and processing.

his death in 1998. Dr Qureshi's hard

conducted in 1983 and the first

About 150 printed copies of each

work, his passion and dedication to

original seedlings population

issue have been distributed among

research work set the stage for R&D

touched 1,250 transplantations in

various research organisations,

programmes to come to fruition.

1984. Establishment of sugarcane

universities and sugar mills in the

crossing facility under controlled

country and abroad. The Institute's

Shakarganj Mills Limited

Annual Report 2007 | 17

07 2007

2006 06

2005 05

2004 04

2003 03

progeny's first generation and a

The success of private sector


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2002 02

seeds. Stools planted 750 as

research organisations.

Ankh Macholi


Seeding Years

Director General

research in the government


2000 00

Dr. Shahid Afghan

1999 99

1984 84

other hand, not much emphasis

1998 98


agricultural research; on the

1996 96

Mr. Malik Manzoor Hussain

involvement of industry in

1995 95

of the country demand the

1989 89

The meagre financial resources

Fig.1 Detail of original seeding raised at SSRI 91000 81000 71000 61000 51000 41000 31000 21000 11000 1000 1988 88


1987 87


Mr. Mohammad Awais Qureshi

1986 86

based mainly on the following facts:

video aid. All the departments of

isolation of antagonistic fungus

Shakarganj now have access to

(Metarhizium anisopliae) for bio-

search catalogue and current status

control of sugarcane termites.


2000 1000

Block plantation of 42 varieties and SPSG-26 was multiplied on


Executive Committee Chairman

referees to scrutinise research

an acre of land. Testing of new

Extensive testing and seed

Dr. Brine T. Eagin was a guest

papers received from within the

varieties on 30 acres of farmland

multiplication of SPSG-26 and

speaker at the workshop. Two

country and abroad for

was done in 1989.

industrial crushing trial has given

scientists of the institute visited

publication in the PSJ. This

sugar recovery of 8.72 percent, as

South Africa and Mauritius in 1995.

process will help improve quality

compared to 5.58 percent of other

Experiment land expanded to 100

Soil and Water Analysis

commercial varieties in 1990.

acres and gradual switching over

Laboratory: Major objectives

Projects completed under supervised

new varieties of the institute was

were achieved through soil and

programme for commercial

continued. Planting technique was

water advisory service, as

cultivation of SPSG-26 on 200

developed for growing sugarcane

balanced application of nutrients

acres of land in 1992. SPSG-26

and irrigation water were done.

quality premium was given, creating

Soil and water analysis services

an interest in farmers and increased

were done free of cost. The

acreage from 500 to 5,000. SPSG-

service was beneficial for cane

114, was highly acceptable to farmers

growers to know the correct

due to its excellent ratoonability,

fertility of soils and fitness status

found susceptible to red rot was

of water for use of fertiliser and

discarded from commercial

irrigation water resources.

cultivation during the year 1993.

and will hopefully be initiated from the first issue of 2008. 1986-1989 The promising strains were numbered under internationally accepted system as SP-J26 and SP-J-394 during 1986. The attempts to initiate the breeding programme continued. The first time a flower appeared was in

to check pest population is one of the safest methods of pest management. A lab was established for artificial rearing of an egg parasite Trichogramma in 1995 to control borers' complex. Bio control of insect pest established has shown its worth as a sustainable, low-cost, efficient and most importantly environment friendly.

19,436 soil and water samples were analysed out of 16,798

Sugarcane Pathology

acres of land from 4,248 cane

Laboratory: Established with a

growers till 2007. Mapping of

modern apparatus in 1992. Screening

on saline sodic soil in 1996. Different

soil and water quality status was

of about 4,000 promising cane

trials conducted on variety

done for cane supply zone of

varieties under different selection

comparison, fertiliser and weed



stages against various diseases of

control and seed was supplied for

Approval of a New Cane Variety

and the experiment had to be

fungi, bacteria and phytoplasmas is

234-demonstration plot of one

Spsg-26: The Government of

abandoned in 1987. Preliminary

SSRI Library: It consists of

done in the lab. Studies on the

kanal to the small farmers.

Pakistan approved SPSG-26 for

books, manuals, proceedings,

interaction of different races of red

research journals and audio-

rot pathogen, genotypes and

Biocontrol of Insect Pest: Use of

SPSG-26 has given high yield,

environment are in progress with

naturally occurring living organisms

early maturity and resistance

the month of May. Climatic conditions to produce flowering was not conducive, therefore an artificial photo chamber was constructed. The ratoon stools produced flowers in December,

variety yield trials were conducted for agronomic traits.

Shakarganj Mills Limited

Annual Report 2007 | 18

commercial cultivation in 1998.

Shakarganj Mills Limited

Annual Report 2007 | 19
















organised on sugarcane crop. ISSCT

proposed panel of international

Work in this regard is in progress

0 1992

An international workshop was

BOG has approved to induct a

national and international levels.

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reading material is given in Fig. 2.

5000 4000

of receipts and issuance of the stuff can be seen. Periodic increase in the

and recognition of the PSJ at both

Fig.2 Detail of the book at SSRI libray 7000


Shakarganj Sugar Research Institute

Shakarganj Sugar Research Institute against major diseases. The institute

Six workshops have been completed

sugarcane crop. Publication of the

was host of an engineering and

with each having about 50 scientists

Urdu book entitled 'Kamad ki

energy workshop on factory design

from fifteen institutes. 15-20

Munafa Bakhsh Kasht wa Bardash'

awarded to Pakistan in 1997 by

research papers were discussed

was allotted the International

ISSCT. 78 delegates from Australia,

and the objective was to give an

Standard Book Number (ISBN

Brazil, Canada, Germany, India,

opportunity to the scientists to

969-8705-00-7). More emphasis

Malaysia, South Africa, UK and

have a thorough discussion on

was given on sugarcane planting

USA attended the workshop.

various aspects of sugar crops.

techniques, new cane varieties

Research papers along with

integrated pest management, use

recommendations were published

of bio compost appropriate

as proceedings of the workshops in

fertigation, weed control and post

the Pakistan Sugar Journal (PSJ).

harvest care of the cane crop. So

A Manual on Production Technology: A manual was prepared on sugarcane production

far 5,000 copies have been

technology and refresher courses

distributed among Shakarganj's

were started for the cane


development staff.

Tissue Culture Laboratory:

cane growers.

Established for the rapid 1999-2000 Bio Composting: After getting successful results by conducting different experiments of effluents on field crops, a large plant was set up for the preparation of bio compost with the help of microbes isolated at the institute. Bio-compost is a rich source of micronutrients, macronutrients and organic matter, giving significant economic benefits to Shakarganj's cane growers. A project with Sudzucker Germany on isolation of thermophilic microbes

Gilli Danda

multiplication of disease free and


true to type seed of new varieties

Approval of a new cane variety

like NSG-311, NSG-555, CSSG-

SPSG-394: The Government of

668, CSSG-676, CPF-243 and

Pakistan approved SPSG-394 for

HoSG-529. Studies on direct

commercial cultivation in NWFP

regeneration have been initiated

in 2003. Agronomic trials to

for production of more number of

develop low cost production

plantlets at low cost. In addition,

technology were completed.

development is in progress on

Plantation of endangered five

genetically modified mutants

thorn species on separate layout.

having high cane, sugar yields,

Cut flower project included

resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses. Production of plantlets is given in Fig.3.

Fig.3 Year Wise Production of Plantlets in Tissue Culture Lab 105000

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and another with Nestle on molasses urea based feed were completed.


Publication of a Book: The objective was to disseminate

85000 75000 65000 55000

Workshops on R&D: First

information on multifarious aspects


workshop was organised in 2000.

of production technology of


Shakarganj Mills Limited

35000 2002

Annual Report 2007 | 21






Shakarganj Sugar Research Institute

however, is to develop more new

production, biotechnology and

varieties that are as good as or

genetic engineering. Two scientists

better than the ones farmers are

completed their Ph.Ds and two

planting to avoid any unexpected

scientists conducted research work


for their M.Sc and Ph.D programmes.

Fig.4 Year-wise Production of Chrysoperla Sheets 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 2004

tuberose and gladiolus. Organic

of Shakarganj. In addition,

Tissue Culture of Gerbera: Ten

Sugar Certification from SKAL

Chrysoperla is equally efficient

exotic varieties were cultured

were given to one of the scientist

International, Netherlands. Drip

for borers of sugarcane, rice, maize

having 20 colours and so far 300

at the SSRI on best research papers

tape irrigation installation

and cotton. Year-wise production

plantlets were produced for

at the national level and for

of Chrysoperla carnea sheets is

acclimatisation. High tech lab for

contributions in the development of

given in Fig.4.

enzyme-linked immuno Sorbent

sugarcane agriculture in the country.

Rainmaker Limited Australia. Post doctorate of a scientist on

training on genetic improvement of sugarcane from Coimbatore

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India in 2005.



Assay (ELISA) for screening of

DNA fingerprinting in molecular biology and other completed

Gold Medals: Three gold medals

cane varieties against mosaic virus 2006-2007

and nematology lab to develop

Approval of New Cane

biopesticides of entomopathogenic

Varieties: Two new cane

nematodes were established.

varieties of the institute NSG311 as an excellent ratooner,

Botanical Gardens: Botanical

early maturing and NSG-555 as

Research Publications: So far, 75

gardens were established with an

excellent yielder, very early

research papers have been published

overhead irrigation system. This

maturing self-trashing and suitable

on agronomy, entomology,

is the first garden of its kind in

for mechanised harvesting were

pathology, breeding and cane

the sugar industry in Pakistan.

approved for commercial

development in research journals

Objective of the project was to

cultivation by the Government

of national and international repute.

conserve the cultural and

of Pakistan. Vertical increase in

scientific heritage. Flora of 381

acreage of NSG-311 and NSG-

Participation in Technical

species consists of trees, shrubs,

555 was recorded. Survey for the

Conferences: During the last

herbs, climbers, cactus and

varieties acreage conducted has

five years, SSRI scientists have


shown that NSG-311 and NSG-

participated in 30 national and

555 was cultivated on 6,000

international conferences, seminars,

acres in cane supply zones of

symposiums and workshops.

Biological Control of Pyrilla: The main objective was to start artificial rearing of Green Lacewing (Chrysoperla carnea) and to control infestation of Pyrilla perpusilla in cane fields

Shakarganj Mills Limited

BOTANICAL GARDEN: A View of Herb Garden, first of its nature in sugar industry. Different species of herbs, which are antiseptic, antibiotic, anti reparative are grown. The objective of this project was to conserve Flora of 381species.

Shakarganj during 2007 New cane varieties of CSSG, CPSG, HoSG and NSG series having

International Training of

high yield were included in the

Scientists: Most of the scientists

National Uniform Varietal Yield

have been trained at the international

Trial. Shakarganj's challenge,

level on multifarious aspects of crop

Annual Report 2007 | 22

Shakarganj Mills Limited

Annual Report 2007 | 23