TOK/CAS Activity Thoughts from the Group Discussion: -‐ CAS promotes ethical education because it enables us to change a perspective, feeling, attitude and/or idea about something through an activity. For example, Habitat For Humanity enables us to empathize with people who come from less fortunate backgrounds as ourselves, thus allowing us to grow more as ethical beings. -‐ In the area of CAS, service is a moral obligation, as CAS requires you to participate in such activities. -‐ Our “moral code” comes from both nature and nurture because nature is the instinct feeling or the intuitive feeling that allows us to sense an innate gesture of what is considered right and what is considered wrong. Nurture is more of the way we are brought up, what we are influenced with throughout the most vital parts of our development as a person or ethical being, is what we project onto our world. It defines and creates another additional basis of what we perceive as right or wrong. -‐ This relates to other ethical theories such as duty theory, as what we consider to be right would make us do the “right” thing without regard to the consequences. It also can be related to Kant’s Categorical Imperative, that states of a categorical imperative that is true in all circumstances. I.e. Rape is wrong. -‐ This relates to the idea of Ethical Egoism, as we do choose whether or not to be moral in the position to our own self-‐interest; however, in the case of CAS, Ethical Altruism has a strong relation because the service part of CAS is a moral obligation. Two Knowledge Issues Developed: 1. To what extent is do we take the position of Ethical Egoism in our CAS activities to the position of Ethical Altruism? 2. To what extent does deontological thinking come to play in moral obligation? Do you personally believe that service is a moral obligation? What reasons can you use to support your personal opinion? Please use examples from your own experiences in CAS.
In the case of CAS, I do believe that service is a moral obligation as I am bound by my responsibilities as an IB student; however, due to the activities I have participated in CAS (ie. Habitat for Humanity) I can see myself definitely taking part in such services outside of the IB curriculum, there I would not be under the believe that service is a moral obligation. In fact, I would be taking a more utilitarianistic approach on service. Although I believe that service for CAS is a moral obligation, I tend to find myself falling fit into the utilitarian concept of enlightened self-‐interest. For example, in my first Habitat for Humanity trip, I felt obliged to participate as I had signed up for it, but in my second Habitat for
Humanity trip, I found myself expressing the enlightened self-‐interest philosophy of my helping others, I ultimately help myself.