Academic | Residential Building | Individual | Page 1
Location: Nemat Abad-Tehran Supervisor: Dr. Ghaem Maghami Site Area: 300 m2 Design Area: 350 m2 Date: September 2009-January 2010 5th Semester of bachelor program Site Location
Designing two houses and a suite for 3 families. They are relatives: a seasoned couple with their daughter and her family and their son who has just married. They are living in a poor district of Tehran, full of illegal housings and now the municipality wants to settle them, so we are designing hoses for them which are suitable for their culture and income. In this project, parking lots of houses are considered in a public parking close to but outside them.
A very important element of the house for traditional families is courtyard. They gather and make parties in the yard; they spend time alone or together there. I put the yard between the two houses firstly to separate them and they have their privacy and share of fresh air, secondly to use linear rectangular shape of land properly and thirdly to give them enough and justly access to the yard. Design Process
- People in southern districts of Tehran, are mostly immigrants from small towns of Iran who has recently came to Tehran; they are still traditional and respectful to their origin’s cultures. Therefore, designing for them should be in close relation with their living elements. In traditional families, grandparents’ house is the initial space of gathering the whole family together. So that I decided to place the grandparents’ house larger, containing the main hall of the two houses. - There are lots of terraces in the project in order to fulfill peoples’ need to open-space
Ground Floor Plan
First Floor Plan
Academic | Residential Building | Individual | Page 1
and make more connection between inside and outside.
- Another aspect in keeping privacy is to separate public parts of the house from private ones. To gain to this goal, I put the public parts in ground floor and private parts in first floor. - Since the land has a north-south elongation, and the light comes from south, the Southern building tended to be shorter than the northern one. In addition south contains a small backyard, so the north building is larger and belongs to grandparents. The suite is on the first floor of the northern house (grandparentsâ€™ house) and also the mound perched on top of this building. The two buildings connected with a bridge. Therefore one can goes from one roof to another.
Closed Space Semi-open Space Open Space Open & Closed Space Diagram
The two families needed to have independence. So I separated the houses and gave each one a unique entrance one from north and the other from south.
- Our field researches at the beginning of designing, showed that in Nemat Abad, women spend a lot of their times with their friends and neighbors in the alley; they even bring their housework out and do it together. I decided to design a space for this need thus in both entrances thereâ€™s a small platform for people that they can seat or stand in. In addition, on northern side of the building, the walls are a little bit inside, so people can seat on benches outside and the house serves urban space.
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- Privacy is a very important element for religious-traditional people of Iran. Privacy of courtyard could be threatened by next door neighborhoods that can see it. In order to provide privacy, view from the west is blocked by the bridge and a wooden shelter under it. Eastern unwanted vies are also blocked by planting high trees in eastern side.
Location: Dezashib, Tehran Supervisor: Dr. Nili (Mfirstname.lastname@example.org) Site Area: 4000 m 2 Design Area: 6000 m 2 Date: February 2010-June 2010 6th Semester of bachelor program
- I put the courtyard in the south, firstly because Dezashib is a noisy street and it can be distracting for those who want to study in classes, and secondly because schoolboys are too loud to be in the vicinity of calm alleys. - Placing the official part somewhere near the entrance, had the benefit of prevention of letting people enter the schoolâ€™s courtyard. Thus this part located between the serving and educational sections, and near the courtyard so the staff can have control educational part and the yard. - There were a few trees in the land that keeping them was very important for me, since I believe architecture which is cruel
Main Concept Educational Sports Hall Serving Official Site Analysis
Ground Floor Plan
First Floor Plan
The designing site was located in the vicinity of a building in east, two alleys in north and west, and the main street of Dezashib in south. I decided to put the entrances in south so that the crowd doesnâ€™t disturb neighbors. Firstly I put the service part in the west of the land, to somehow refine the western side which was lopsided. But then I changed my mind and put that in the east which has the least possibility of having windows due to the adjacent building. Site Location
Academic | High School | Individual | Page 3
Designing a high school for boys which has 3 grades and each grade contains 4 classrooms of 24 children. This school consists of 3 main parts: educational section, official section and serving section which the latter includes a sports hall that in addition to students serves neighborhood residents.
to any element of nature, is worthless. The trees existence, led to creating site yards in the project which had a positive impact on the building’s volume. I think human scale is so important especially in projects like schools, so I decided not to be higher than three floors.
Section B Classes are the main element in designing schools and I decided by putting them in the south of educational building, give them the biggest share of light and scenery. Then I placed the windows considerably inside. This lets the winter light in and prevents summer’s light.
Academic | High School | Individual | Page 4
When students are entering the school, they can only see trees’ trunk behind the courtyard’s entrance; they pass a slot for entering the main building; there’s a quadrant circle open-space theater scene in the courtyard which brings it out of monotony; the library is shaped around a void which is on top of the entrance; the two stair cases are located near a throughout window and are slightly away from it so that landings are visually connected, etc. These decisions were made just to make the school a more appealing place for studying.
Designing a residential complex under some certain rules of dwelling in the city of Tehran: We were allowed to occupy maximum of 25% of the site and design up to 120% of the space of the site; The area of each unit was between 40 to 115 m2, while the majority of the apartments (60%) should have been between 75 to 90 m2 and each unit had a parking space. Housing has always been a very interesting challenge in designing, since it’s the most common and most needed form of architecture in any society. When you are designing a residential complex, you must consider many aspects on one hand related to architecture, construction and building science and on the other hand related to humanities, social and cultural studies. By choosing a poor and old district of Tehran, I added to these, the need for low-cost housing.
Site Design Process
With a group of my classmates, we decided to choose a part of Oudlajan which is included in the plan of renovation in upstream urban projects. We had 6 blocks of 5500-6000 m2 which were next to each other. My block was the northern block which was surrounded by two streets from north and east, another student’s block from south, short old buildings and the end of a dead-end alley from west.
Site Diagrams The site is slightly elongated from east to west which I decided to put the buildings in its direction; firstly because they could benefit from the preferable south light, and secondly since the disturbing wind of west-to-east won’t concern the comfort of residents while they have the pleasant north-to-south wind flow.
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Location: Oudlajan-Tehran Supervisor: Dr. Sartipipour (M-Sartipipour@sbu.ac.ir) Site Area: 5800 m2 Design Area: 7000 m2 Date: September 2011-March 2012 9th Semester of bachelor program
- The area of each level reduces as they are higher. This idea gave me the opportunity to have roofless balconies and variable apartments for different tastes and needs. I even designed different types in the same units, so that a family with more children has more rooms in their apartment whereas a family of two people who have frequently guests in their house, have a larger salon.
Site Design Process: A.The ideal form would be putting a block in the northern site benefitting from the most light possible. B. Having one layer of apartments in each unit was so important for me, so that each unit can have the best available light and wind flow. Regarding this, I divided the block in two, putting one in north and the other in south. C. The neighborhood houses were small and fractured. For reaching harmony to this pattern, I decided to break those solid volumes into smaller pieces. D. One option was to make as many as possible separated buildings which could have been 6, yet it wasnâ€™t efficient and resulted in having small gardens. E. 4 was better, but still not enough sufficient. F. Again 2 blocks. But it was not providing enough space for the projectâ€™s requirements. G. I decided to have 3 blocks, which was the optimum amount for density and distance of the blocks. First I put two of them in north and one in south to obtain the maximum distance, but it resulted in a huge wall adjacent to the neighborhood. H. So I moved the western block a few meters towards the south. With this decision, I had an entrance courtyard, a main large yard in between and a smaller courtyard in the south which I decided to make it a playground for the children of the residents.
People Oudlajan are mostly immigrants or old families of Tehran who are used to live in one or two story houses with their own gardens. This was a very important goal for me to give each of the residents are my complex, who were considered to be local people, their own gardens. On the other side, as I mentioned before, having a one-layered building had considerable impacts on the quality of life in units, and also on saving energy and money. Regarding these two aims, I first designed a one-layer porous building which was obtaining each unit a large open-space while creating a dynamic volume. According to Tehran dwelling laws, if a space has roof, it is considered in the area of the apartment, but if itâ€™s roofless it would cost free for the residents of the apartment. Since then I started to think of probable ways of having roofless balconies. After designing a number of alternatives, finally I reached to something which was both practical and dynamic. Sample Unit
Ground Floor Plan
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- Having the shortest apartments possible was so important in order for being compatible with buildings around. So I decided to put the houses on the very ground floor. Yet I put each block on a 60cm height platform to block moisture and inside visibility from the outside.
- The block adjacent to the other studentâ€™s site is the biggest building while the other two blocks which are close to Oudlajan neighborhood are smaller. In addition, each block is on story shorter near the borders of the site for the same reason. This decision let me eliminate the mound and having an even shorter building.
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- Access to the complex considered on northwest, since it is the broadest way next to it, while the eastern street is always so crowded, and the dead-end is not suitable for bearing the traffic of about 100 families Although parking lots are connected, they are designed under the blocks in a way that each resident has their parking under their own block. This is a matter of psychology and comfort of the residents at the same time, while letting us to have as less excavation as possible. In order to dedicate the gardens to human activities and also providing safety for children who were in the playground, the cars immediately are guided to the underground level.
Analyzing a sample of Islamic Architecture of Iran Group project with Shirin Majlesin Location: Bushehr-Iran Supervisor: Dr. Hajighasemi Date: September 2010-January 2011 7th Semester of bachelor program My Contribution: Documentation, Description, Analysis, Presentation
Main Room’s Plan
Project Process We chose the “Kazerouni trading house” after doing researches and then we found the drawings with the help of Administration of Cultural Heritage of Bushehr. Then we traveled to Bushehr and spend a few days there taking lots of pictures, correct the drawings, making a few sketches and trying to experience the spirit of the house. Then we put ourselves in place of the designers and tried to understand their objectives and design process. In the end we presented everything we had approached in the form of writings, images, diagrams and drawings
Sea Elevation Kazerouni mansion is located in Bushehr which is a city in southern zone of Iran, near Persian Gulf. Bushehr has a tropical wet climate which has had a considerable impact on the building.
There are a lot of volumetric games in the edifice and the building is never monotonous. There are a number of terraces, belvederes and porches which raise the contrast of shadow on the elevations.
Introversion is a principle in traditional Iranian-Islamic architecture and placement of an open space in between of the main closed spaces is one of its patterns. By surveying 4 sides of Kazeruni trade house and observing their relationship with the central courtyard, we came to the conclusion that the northern and western sides are not in a close relationship with the yard. We found out about the exceptional status of the trade house: The edifice is a public building places in the outset part of the urban fabric of Bushehr which helps the building to have a direct relation with the sea. The designer had in one hand the possibility to open the building to the sea, and the traditional courtyard which considered the main part in the history of his architecture. He finally has decided to have the same behavior with both, which is creating a porch, and a number of windows in the main part of the project –working spaceexactly the same in the northern and southern side
Academic | Islamic Architecture of Iran | Group | Page 8
Analyzing characteristics of a sample of traditional Islamic-Iranian architecture, in order to understand the principles and the spirit of designing at that era. To achieve a comprehensive analysis, we first focused on documentation and description of the projects.
DEPLOYABLE GEODESIC DOME Location: Shahid Beheshti University Supervisor: Prof. Saeed Mashayekh Faridani (S-MFaridani@sbu.ac.ir) Date: November 2007 My Contribution: Helping through fabrication and assembly
In the Art of Engineering Workshop known as AEW, many passionate students gather to combine architecture and engineering under supervision of Prof. Faridani. I have been a member of this workshop since I was a freshman. There, we try to experiment new forms and styles of architecture and we inspire by nature. From designing to assembly, workshop is based on team working. AEW No. 5 was based on deployable structures and the main element of this workshop was a deployable geodesic dome. The dome was fabricated out of metal and all the pieces were designed by the students. The main features of the dome were: 1. Creation of an integrated space 2. Considerable reduce after aggregation 3. Easy transportation and fast setup 4. Utilizable during many temporary accommodations 5. Having the capability of combination of a few domes and creating a continuous space 6. Covering circular spaces (permanent or temporary)
ART OF ENGINEERING WORKSHOP NO. 5
Fabric added to dome
Under the Dome
Workshop | Deployable Dome | Group | Page 9
CONSCIOUS SURFACE/FLEXIBLE SKIN Location: Shahid Beheshti University Supervisor: Prof. Saeed Mashayekh Faridani (S-MFaridani@sbu.ac.ir) Date: October 2008 My Contribution: Being one of the principal MembersHelping through design, fabrication and assembly Weaving The Net DESCRIPTION
he first project of this series was Flexible Skin. For this project, fwe decided to use a special net which provides a network of points to locate different forces in different directions. To achieve the best results, we needed to have a net as light as possible, so we designed and weaved our own net. We planned to use the forces in two main directions, upward and downward. First one provided by colourful balloons, filled with Helium, which changed the athmosphere of the faculty for a few days; and second force was provided by numerous small weights. Each day we changed the place and number of ballons and weights to gain new surfaces.
ART OF ENGINEERING WORKSHOP NO. 6
A Small Flexible Skin
Workshop | Deployable Dome | Group | Page 10
IA series of workshops held about the topic of conscious surface in order to experiment surfaces which are lively and dynamic, using different materials.
PAPER HOUSE Location: 1. Shahid Beheshti University 2. Mosalla (the permanent place for exhibitions in Tehran). Supervisor: Prof. Saeed Mashayekh Faridani Date: Summer and Fall 2010 My Contribution: Being one of the principal MembersHelping through design, fabrication and assembly- Making the movie of the exhibition DESCRIPTION
The goal of this workshop was to experiment structures based on paper and cardboard which are sustainable materials. In addition to the house, the students designed paper-based furniture which was located in the house during the exhibitions. The house was designed based on Shigeru Banâ€™s paper house. The structure was 6 meter in both length and width. Main sections of the house: 1. The floor; which consisted of 36 cubical MDF pixels located nearby each other 2. The wall; which is fabricated out of 80 paper pipes attached to one another by rope. 3. The roof; which consists of vertical and horizontal beams that hold 36 paper pixels.
The Houseâ€™s Render
The main features of the house were: 1. Sustainability; there has been no usage of any glue or metal 2. Fast and easy setup
ART OF ENGINEERING WORKSHOP NO. 13 & 14
Setup in Mosalla
Workshop | Paper House | Group | Page 11
Location: Shariati St. Tehran Supervisor: Zav Design and Build Site Area: 114 m2 Design Area: Date: 2010 114 m2 Honors: Finalist in Memar Awards 2010 in public buildings section
The design of this project is based on elimination of any redundant element and respecting usersâ€™ activities in the space. We were inspired by many aspects of traditional Iranian architecture including simple and legible geometry, using the masonry wall as wardrobes, having shelves on walls and accessible details. Thus, visible elements of this project are placed based on the function, the geometry is organized, the masonry walls have been used, details are simple and inexpensive and embellishments are dissolved in the details.
Vases Recycled cans of colors used in the projects are put in trays same as the shelves designed for the project. Green Color From the first day of visiting the site, we noticed the green color of plane treesâ€™ leaves visible from the windows. Later, we decided to bring the color inside, to make a strong connection between inside and outside.
MEMAR MAGAZINE OFFICE INTERIOR
Professional | Memar Magazine Office Interior | Group | Page 12
Green Wall Bookshelves and desks are organized on the while in a way that they altogether have defined a new element in the limited space new office: Editorial staff wall, instead of editorial staff room. The new wall has two qualities; firstly it is flexible and the shelves can be moved based on the requirements; secondly it’s modular to provide the possibility of easy and rapid production.
The client required a space for editorial director. Yet it would have made the small space of the office unpleasant if we designed a closed room for the director. So we used the Memar Magazine’s wealthy archive to form an innovative partition for this purpose. Editors Placement
Ceiling Lightings are separated from the walls to look free and hovering. The geometry of their installation is continuance to the green wall with its sockets.
In Zav office, we design together. Every time we need to design something important, we think about it and then gather somewhere and brainstorm. There is no specific separation of ideas. However I can mention a few things which can be considered as my role in this project. In design section, I first brought up the idea of concealing the kitchenette in the wall. Many of the designing elements on the windows’ wall were also my task. In addition I designed most of the detail of sockets and clips on the green wall. In construction, I made the developed drawings of closets and many other executive drawings as well as visiting the construction site and produce executive reports.
MEMAR MAGAZINE OFFICE INTERIOR
Publication in Memar magazine
Kitchenette Covering Door
Professional | Memar Magazine Office Interior | Group | Page 13
Windows’ Wall The idea of adding width to the walls was expanded to the whole projects. With this concept, all the shelves, radiators, excess lines such as fractures and even kitchenette and secretary’s desk, are a part of a homogenized design.
Location: Khonsar, Iran Design Team: Zav Design and Build Project Area: 600 m2 Date: 2006-2010 Honors: 3rd Place in Memar Awards 2011 in public buildings section
Town and Neighborhood The project is divided to 3, to be like an element of the town and not a big block. In addition these pieces are not solid; they have apertures to let the environment enter them. The sky line has been also important. Each of the side parts are as the same height of its adjacent building and the middle part is the shortest, so that the complex seems smaller. Natural Environment The beautiful “Soul” mount and its foothills are visible from the courtyard. In order to keep this scenery, the project parts are separated and there’s a little distance between them.
KHANSAR HOTEL APARTMENT
Publication in Memar magazine
Wooden balconies are freely interpreted from “Khansarian” wooden balconies.
Contemporary Litrature; “Khansarian” concept in corridors Conceptual Diagrams
Professional | Khansar Hotel Apartment | Group | Page 14
Designing and construction of a hotel apartment in Khonsar. This hotel apartment includes 7 different units which are adjacent to an old building in the same site. We also renovated the old building. The most important aspect of the design was the coordination between the project and the town, natural environment, site and the old building.
Site Properties The sloping site has 5 meters difference in levels. This property let us to be different from usual buildings as each apartment has its own access and entrance. Old building The project looks towards the courtyard and the old building. In addition this companion made us to design a building with genes of the small town of Khonsar.
My contribution: I designed all the kitchens of the project and produced detailed drawings for them as well as bringing up the idea of connecting the stairs pavements in the courtyard and sidewalks outside by using striped materials. I designed the corridors and shaves in the walls and I had a great contribution in choosing different materials. In construction, I was the responsible member for executive drawings. I also severally visited under-construction project site and made as-built drawings.
KHANSAR HOTEL APARTMENT
Ground Floor Plan
First Floor Plan
Professional | Khansar Hotel Apartment | Group | Page 15
â€œKhonsarâ€? Genes The goal was to translate the identification of Khonsar traditional architecture, from concepts to details, to a contemporary design. One element which is used the pattern of narrow alleys in the city which are used in the plan of each apartment. In addition the building is somehow introvert as the traditional Iranian architecture. The project faces to the yard and is more silent in outside surfaces. Dimension and delicacy of windows, are inspired by old buildings of the town. The wooden balconies, which provide the probability of opening the inside, are interpretations of wooden cantilevers of Khonsar houses.
BUILDING ARCHITECTURAL MODELS
Building architectural models has been my long-time hobby. I fisrst started this by trying to build more innovative models for the projects at university. Than I expanded my work and now I make professional models from time to time.
A professional group project which was building the model of a shapping mall, showing the inside. In this project I had the role of designing and building interior objects and assisting in assembly.
I started making innovative models at the 4th semester of bachelor design in architectral design 3 project. In order to show the inside, I decided to show a section instead of portable roofs which are more common.
The first professional project which was shwing all the interior elements of an important branch of a bank. This project was a group in cooperation with Alidad Djazbi one and I had the role of modeling and preparing the pieces for lasar cut, and assembling main parts.
Personal | Architectural Models | Page 16
A professional project which is the model for the thesis of an undergraduate student. In this project I modeled all the pieces in Google SketchUp software which resulted in a very quick and accurate assembly.