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A Monthly Magazine for Iranian Immigrants

Volume 2, Number 2, January-February 2013 C$ 5

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A Magazine for Iranian Immigrants A Monthly Magazine for Iranian Immigrants

Volume 2, Number 2, January-February 2013 C$ 5

Volume 2, Number 2, January-February 2013 Distributed across Canada by mail mostly in Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver and Ottawa. Publisher: Canpars Immigration Services Inc. Manager: Ali Mokhtari manager@parscanada.com Editor-in-Chief: Majid Bastami editor@parnianmagazine.com Deputy Editor: Mostafa Mokhtari pr@parnianmagazine.com Director, Communications & Human Resources:Leili Sarhadi leili@parnianmagazine.com Director, Marketing and Distribution: Saman Amani ads@parnianmagazine.com Graphic and Layout: Mohammad Khoshkam, Hossein Esmaeili, Maryam Moghimi Persian to English translator: Mahdi Fallah English editor: Pouneh Vaziri Printed in China Contributors: $OL$NEDULŕŻ&#x2014;$EGROUDVRXO'D\\DQL0DU\DP Javaherian, Ensieh Ghafourian, Soha Ghandili, Nadia *KD\RXUL 6DJKL 0RWDKDUL ËŹ9DKLG 1DPD]L <DK\D 1DWDQ]L Ben Rad, Mitra Roshan, Farahnaz Samii, Ali Shakarami, Ali 6KDULÂżDQ1HVKDW7HKUDQL9DKLG7RORRHL Address: 1980 Sherbrooke W, Suite#860 Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3H1E8 Tel: 1 (514) 903-4726 Fax: 1 (514) 439-4726 Toronto: 1 (647) 429-1848 Vancouver: 1 (604) 909-3073 Email: info@parnianmagazine.com Web site: www.parnianmagazine.com

CanPars Immigration Services, Inc. is a registered company in Canada and Quebec. Canpars offers full immigration services to its clients from around the world. The present director of the company is Ali Mokhtari, who is a member of the Tehran Bar association, and a member of the Immigration Consultants of Canada Regulatory Council (ICCRC).

Content

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Publisher's Note 7ŕŻ&#x2014;ŕŻ&#x2014;ŕŻ&#x2014;ŕŻ&#x2014;+DUSHUÂśVDGPLQLVWUDWLRQDQGHYLGHQWKRVWLOLW\WRZDUG,UDQLDQV

Editorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Note 10ŕŻ&#x2014;ŕŻ&#x2014;ŕŻ&#x2014;$0HPRUDEOH3KRWRJUDSKIRUD'LVWUDFWHG&RPPXQLW\

Immigrants in Job Market 12 12 13 13

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Go to Work and Do Not about Itâ&#x20AC;? The Social Value of Immigrantâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Works Problems Faced by Iranian Refugees g in Obtaining g Higher-Level g Jobs Shouting in a Vacuum

Art & Entertainment 14 Argo: New Hollywoodâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Version sion of Iran Hostage Crisis 16 The Colonel Broke his Silence ce 16 Contemporary Iran in Heart rt of Canada

2nd Generation 17 Success in a Canadian Classroom room

Investment ŕŻ&#x2014;The 7 Myths of Real Estate Investing


Harperâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Administration and Evident Hostility towards Iranians These days, the Canadian conservative Japanese immigrants, through collecting government is moving forward rapidly and them and accommodating them in nonrules thirty-four million Canadians, despite VWDQGDUG FDPSV DV ZHOO DV FRQÂżVFDWLQJ the fact that it has gained the votes of less their properties, were implemented merely than forty percent of Canadian voters. Non- because of what the Japanese government stop endeavor by the government to change had done. This was also discussed in the the peace-seeking role of the country in last issue of Parnian. Interestingly, fourteen international scenes is so evident that it does thousand out of the twenty-two thousand not need to be described; and thus, hurts Japanese living in Canada at that time were many Canadians. born in Canada; however, they were all Harper administration is going out of its nevertheless sent to these camps. They never way to violate the individual freedom of the played a role in Japan's decision to attack the citizens and the principles of democracy. USA, and if we look carefully, we see that In international scenes, the they were in fact the victims policies of this government of the Japanese government KDYHOHGWRDZDVWHLQÂżQDQFLDO themselves. Mackenzie King, resources and a distortion of the Prime Minister of the positive image of Canada. Canada at the time, did not Domestically, it has resulted pay attention to the reports in systematic discrimination published by formal sources, against its own citizens and including the RCMP, about explicit breaches of the Rule the innocence of the Japanese of Law as the main principle living in Canada, and thus Ali Mokhtari of democracy. We do not know manager@parnianmagazine.com continued to expel thousands how strongly Canadians care of innocent Japanese people about this attack on their values from their homes. in domestic and international situations, In other words, the former Canadian given the current special economic situation, prime minster punished a part of Canadian or when they will have an opportunity to society and population for what a foreign stop Harper; we do know however, that this government may or may not have done. is an entirely different story for Iranians. To make matters worse, the people were Iranians living in Canada today fully feel punished without any exceptions, without these discriminative policies, and only being tried in a court, or being given because there are still some problems and the right to defend themselves, and only FRQĂ&#x20AC;LFWVEHWZHHQWKH&DQDGLDQJRYHUQPHQW because they were ethnically Japanese. and the government of their mother country. These discriminatory actions were done If we look back at decades before the 1960s, because the public opinion of Canada was we can easily see that Canada did not have stimulated against the Japanese at that time a good record in treating immigrants who and Mr. King endeavored to stay in power left their countries in order to live and at any cost. work in Canada. The Chinese, Indians, and Consider the following example: a father Japanese were treated with discrimination of a school student is a criminal guy who and limited by administrations like that of sometimes hurts his child. His teacher Harper. Unfair and inhuman treating of learns about his fatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s deeds and cannot f Publisher+s Note

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ftolerate it. He cannot do anything to the father however, and so he deprives the child of some of his rights and punishes him because of what his father has done. In essence, the child is merely being punished because he is the bad guy’s son. This is extremely frustrating and the teacher can also be accused of doing something wrong in the scenario. This is exactly what the Canadian government did to the Japanese. Here, the father is the Japanese government, the teacher is the Canadian government, and the son is the immigrant and is clearly the real victim of both sides. My fellow countrymen, be vigilant! A modern form of what happened in the 1940s to the Japanese is happening now to the Iranians. However, at that time, the Canadian public opinion helped exert illegal pressures on Japanese people, but today, most Canadians object to these policies, and Harper has other motives for pursuing these policies, which we will not delve into right now. Here, Harper and media institutions and behind-the-scene lobbies that helped him to take power try to wisely encourage most Canadians, who do not have complete and accurate information about these issues, to oppose the Iranian community in Canada. Unfortunately, some Iranians, mistakenly or on purpose, have been the main players of this puppet show. By “a modern form”, I mean that in the age of technology and Publisher+s Note

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of consulate services and support in their trip to Iran, and Iranians living in Canada are deprived of consulate services of the Iranian embassy in Ottawa. Consulate services have nothing to do with politics, and if Harper respected the Iranian community, he would help Iranians to achieve consulate services without any problems. I do not know if the Iranian government has been harmed by these events, but I am sure many of our countrymen have suffered a lot, especially those who have not received their Canadian passports yet and have to use their Iranian ones. ([WHQVLYHVDQFWLRQVDQGPDNLQJGLI¿FXOW\ for transferring money from Iran and announcing any interactions with Iranians living in Iran as illegal: These regulations, which have been in place since last November, have created great Internet and media communications and trouble for Canadians with Iranian origins social networks, one cannot easily think of and are also obviously against the Iranian UHIXJHH FDPSV EXW FUHDWLQJ GLI¿FXOWLHV IRU nation. I am quite sure that these sanctions immigrants, and depriving them of their have created little or no trouble for the rights and making economic and social Iranian government, but its effects on the insecurities for them in this era is virtually lives of many Iranians living in Canada, the same as sending immigrants to camps in those living in Iran, as well as those applying the 1940s. for immigration are obvious. Students, who Let us shine a glance on recent policies of rely on their families’ support for everyday Harper administration regarding Iran, all expenses, immigrants who rented their of which have been devised to exert more houses in Iran as a source of income, and pressure on the Iranian government even newcomers who have not yet found a job though they have not had any outcomes and have to rely on their savings from Iran, other than the violation of the rights and the are amongst the victims of these policies. freedom of Iranians living in Canada: More interestingly, even Iranians who have 7KH FORVXUH RI WKH YLVD RI¿FH RI WKH been deemed as investors by federal and Canadian Embassy in Iran and later, the provincial governments and have had to closure of the embassy itself WUDQVIHU WKHLU DVVHWV LQ RUGHU WR IXO¿OO WKHLU Since 2003, the relation between Iran and commitments to the Canadian government Canada have reached its lowest level, but are not exceptions, and are among the Iranians living in Canada nevertheless ¿UVW YLFWLPV RI WKLV SROLF\ DQG KDYH WR JR had access to consulate services in both through a lot of problems and spend a lot countries, and besides, their parents could more in order to transfer their money. still go to the Canadian embassy in Tehran Not surprisingly, thanks to these antito get a temporary visa in order to pay Iran injudicious policies, some Canadian their children a visit. But suddenly, Mr. ¿QDQFLDO LQVWLWXWLRQV H[SORLW WKH VLWXDWLRQ .HQQH\ GHFLGHG WR FORVH WKH YLVD RI¿FH and like TD Bank, exert some limitations for of the Canadian Embassy in Tehran, and Canadian Iranians and violate their rights, since then, our parents have to take a costly and therefore, will be implicitly approved of and unnecessary trip to Ankara to request by the government. for visa. A few days later, the embassies 3- More limitations for visa issuance and in both countries were completely closed. prolonging the immigration process of Therefore, Canadian citizens are deprived Iranians on the pretext of security issues:


,UDQLDQ LPPLJUDWLRQ ÂżOHV KDYH EHHQ transferred to Ankara and given a low quota for visas. Mr. Kenney is doing his best to issue the least number of visas for Iranians many of whom have been waiting for their visas for years. Some have been admitted as investors and have invested large amounts of money in Canada for years. However, Harper and his immigration minister have kept them waiting for a long time. I do not know how these policies can possibly hurt the Iranian government, but I do know that many of my countrymen are suffering from them. Harperâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s administration is seriously trying to ratify an amendment for the Canadian Immigration and Citizenship Act which gives extra power to the immigration minister to prevent immigrants from entering Canada and to expel them on the pretext of being dangerous to the Canadian society. According to Jason Kenney, this bill, called C-43, is supposed to empower him to prevent criminals from entering Canadian soil and to expel those whom he deems as dangerous to Canadian society from Canada. In his report on October 25th to the immigration committee of the parliament, he provides certain explanations about these people and refers to the subjects of the sanctioned countries; this is the main purpose of all this fuss, it seems. Since Iran is sanctioned by Canada, it is clear that Harper intends to exert some kind of systematic and unfair discrimination in the form of an act in order to prevent Iranians from entering Canada using this trick. It means that even if an immigrant living in Canada leaves for a short period of time, he or she might not be allowed to return, on the prophetic discretion of Kenny. This is a dangerous decision that violates the Rule of Law in Canada and replaces it with the discretion of an indecisive minister. It also harms Iranians and violates WKHLUULJKWV7KHUDWLÂżFDWLRQDQGDSSOLFDWLRQ of this act, as the minister describes, means a formal announcement of hostility towards the Iranian community in Canada, and we cannot be indifferent about it. Interestingly, many of these actions against ,UDQLDQVDUHMXVWLÂżHGE\WKHIHDURIWHUURULVP It is a good idea to ask Harper to name one Iranian involved in a terrorist act in Canada.

Can he? Of course, he cannot since Iranians have nothing to do with terrorist actions. On the other hand, the nationals of some Arab countries, which this government considers as friends and for economic reasons cannot tolerate their unhappiness, easily receive their visas and have no problems in trading and transferring money or in training and submitting terrorists. Iranians look for peace and tranquility, and that is why they have come to this side of the world. But Harper should not feel secure about the attitude of the nationals of the some Arab terroristproducing countries. No matter what problem the Canadian government has with its Iranian counterpart, it cannot use it as a pretext to violate the legal rights of the Iranians of Canada and to discriminate against Iranian applicants for immigration to Canada. But unfortunately, the policies it has implemented are only against the Iranian community in Canada and I wonder what the motive of this government is for demonstrating clear hostility towards a part of its own society and a nation with seven thousand years of history. Governments come and go, but nations remain, and Harper should know that these days and years will pass and what will remain is a historical judgment. Five hundred thousand Iranians are said to be living in Canada, accounting for one sixty fourth of the population of Canada. This group can affect the winnings or failures of a party in Canadian elections, in which in some regions, the competitions are immensely tense. The reason why, despite this fact, Harper's administration still dares to show hostility towards this nation, is that we are not united, and are indeed extremely dispersed. We should know that we have to be united and DYRLGEHLQJVXSHUÂżFLDOLQ order to defend our rights. As I said before, when GLVFULPLQDWLRQLVLQĂ&#x20AC;LFWHG on Iranians, all Iranians

will be affected, both those who condemn and protest against Harper's unwise policies and those who admire any antiIran actions performed by the government and even establish a good relation with the people involved in these actions and behavior. I think that when the anti-Iran Article of the C-43 Bill is applied, those who admire anti-Iran actions will certainly be amongst the victims. History is a great teacher and it is so instructive to review the story of the Japanese in Canada in the 1940s. Did you know that many of the Japanese people who were sent to camps were indeed the opponents of the then Japanese government and its war-seeking policies? Did you know that the famous David Suzuki, who was born in Canada with Japanese parents, and of whom Canada is now proud of as an educated Canadian with international reputation, was raised in one of these camps? It took forty years for the Canadian government to apologize to the Japanese. I wonder how long it will take for the same thing to happen for Iranians. Are we supposed to wait, while doing nothing, and let Harper and his party fellows do anything they want to us and then wait even more for the next generation of administration staff to apologize to us? Or should we actively prevent them today? The answer lies with you. Â&#x192;

Publisher+s Note

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A Memorable Photograph for a Distracted Community Some notes on Harperâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s meeting with prominent members of the Iranian community would also like to know what has been done about the discriminatory behaviour of TD Bank. It is clear that their mere participation in a tea party with the bank managers will not solve the problems of hundreds of retired people and students who do not have enough money to afford paying their tuition fees. ,I ZH DUH WR QRW SRLQW ÂżQJHUV WRZDUGV anybody in particular, then I believe that the main problem is that â&#x20AC;&#x153;common interestsâ&#x20AC;? DUHQRWGHÂżQHGIRUWKH,UDQLDQFRPPXQLW\ at all. Looking at statistical data, after four The meeting amongst a group of Iranians interviews, photos, and other details, as if decades of living in Canada, our community with the Canadian Prime Minister on the meeting was indeed between the prime QRZ KDV DERXW ÂżYH KXQGUHG WKRXVDQG September 18 of this year, just a few short minister and their organization provoked members whose mother language is the months after a series of events that resulted this assumption that the only goal of some eleventh language spoken in Canada. Our community also has provincial parliament in the weakening and humiliation of the participants was also to take that photo. Iranian community in Canada, can be In fact, it can be said that the only good thing PHPEHUV DQG UHODWLYHO\ VLJQLÂżFDQW discussed in a variety of different manners. that came out of all the efforts in gathering presence in the media. Our community Some people were quick in considering this WKHVHQLRUH[HFXWLYHRIÂżFLDOVRIWKHFRXQWU\ however, also has a major weakness: it does a triumph for the Iranian community and a and a group of Iranians was that photo. QRW KDYH D VSHFLÂżF PHFKDQLVP WR GHÂżQH sign of its importance in Canada, while others Maybe this is why they were all happy and our common interests, possibly originating from not having any common were more reluctant thus posing a legitimate smiling. Was that their main understandings of such question on how the representative group goal? Would an assumption interests! In this regard, I am of Iranians was selected and what the such as this be correct? referring to common interest underlying criteria for recognizing them as While I am really happy for the and not united organizations representatives of the Iranian community in creation of such opportunities or authorized representatives. Canada were. Regardless of â&#x20AC;&#x153;opposed-to- for the Iranian community in For example, a given anything-we-are-not-involved-inâ&#x20AC;? attitude Canada, I believe it is only community might not have originating from our Iranian pessimistic a build-up like all the other D FRQJUHVV ZLWK D VSHFLÂżHG character, some subsequent events directly ones. It wasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t too long ago number of representatives, referred to the performance of the Canadian when Iraniansâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; excitement Majid Bastami but it may know that there are government and a few people present in the in the TD Bank situation meeting added to the amount and severity of created a lot of buzz and editor@parnianmagazine.com ÂżYHWHQRUPHUHO\HYHQWZR widely agreed upon principles such comments. attention in the media, which that it considers as common What the Canadian government has done is then quickly calmed down. suspicious in that other than a photo taken Whether the opportunity to meet the Prime interests, and anybody who violates these from this meeting, which was quickly Minister led to success is deeply doubted for principles will then be faced with severe and coordinated reactions by the community. tweeted by some governmental members a wide variety of reasons. By reaction, I am referring to something present in the meeting, nothing else was more than talking and drinking tea! disclosed. The meeting was called private On the Iranian side and informal and its contents were deemed What good came out of this meeting for ,GHQWLI\LQJ GHÂżQLQJ DQG UHSRUWLQJ VXFK as internal; it is as if the sole purpose of the the Iranian community in Canada? I would interests and encouraging members of the meeting was to take a photo with smiling be grateful if those who have been talking community to seriously maintain them faces. about their success during the last few could make a difference on a societal On the other hand, the rush of some people months could tell us exactly what their real degree, and this coordination may pave related to a recently divided organization, and practical achievements were, not just the way for establishing a comprehensive in inaccurately reporting the event, in such ones that can be used for campaigns and organization that is also a representative of DZD\WKDWWKH\UHĂ&#x20AC;HFWHGWKHPHHWLQJZLWK for creating gestures in front of cameras. I the community as a whole. Unfortunately, Editor+s Note

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such a stance has yet to take place and besides, Seems more efforts have focused to be sure it wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t happen in future. Our community has so many problems in this regard. For instance, members of our community are so judgemental and have so much negative presuppositions about each other that they do not see that if the day comes that all Iranians must be moved into ghettos â&#x20AC;&#x201C; even not with physical walls -, nobody will be an exception. Today, a major problem that arises is that those who represent the community seem to have the least knowledge of the majority of the community membersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; ideas and opinions. For example, suppose that there are many people whose close and distant family members have resided in Canada in the last three to four decades. These people cannot speak Farsi easily and for them, the people living in Iran now are amongst the people that they know the least about. +RZ FDQ WKH\ XQGHUVWDQG ZKDW GLIÂżFXOWLHV someone who, say for example, has only a small three member family here and whose friends and relatives live in Iran, faces? How can these two groups talk about common interests when the former sticks to their interests and beliefs and is not willing to recognize necessary changes and the emergence of new needs and beliefs? It is clear that when we talk about sanctions or the injustice of TD Bank or even the FORVXUH RI WKH FRQVXODWH RIÂżFH RI WKH Embassy, the feelings and needs of these two groups are not the same. The fact of the matter is that the second group accounts for PRVW RI WKH ÂżYH KXQGUHG WKRXVDQG SHRSOH OLYLQJLQWKLVVRFLHW\EXWWKDWWKHÂżUVWJURXS is the spokesmen of the whole community and thus voice their own problems and concerns as the desires of Iranians living in Canada. Of course, politicians and the media are happy because they view these desires in line with their presuppositions or future plans. There is also a third part of our community that is still talking about ideological issues of the last four decades, while the mature society of today is fed-up with any form of ideology, whether itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s this one or the others. There is nothing wrong with the existence of a variety of beliefs or desires, even obsolete ones, amongst the Iranian community of Canada. Actually, democracy and freedom

of speech require that different people be able to express and share their viewpoints and to try to spread the same theme so that others can voice their opinions more strongly as well. Moreover, people must QRWEHWKUHDWHQHGE\WKHLQĂ&#x20AC;XHQWLDOOHDGHUV of the community or their followers their followers, and should not feel that expressing such ideas and opinions are signs of betrayal. Defected mechanisms existing in the Iranian community of Canada however, have made the voice of certain members much louder and this has made them believe that they have more followers. The least harm that their distorted version of reality could cause is that they try neither to convince others, nor to understand and listen to the voice of the silent majority. The result of this lack of communication and understanding of each other is anxiety, dispersion of ideas, promotion of noise instead of freedom of speech, and confrontation instead of specifying a number of clear requests. These requests are actually reasonable requests that the majority of Iranians in the Iranian community have, and which should be understandable by the Canadian community and politicians. In addition, it should also be well understood that any violations to them will be faced with severe reactions, the kind of reactions and punishments that they cannot escape from with one or two photos, some smiles, and the addition of some false promises. For now, the only thing that has come out of this meeting for the Iranian community has been further dispersion, the predictable GLVLQWHJUDWLRQRIDQRUJDQL]DWLRQDQGÂżQDOO\ WKHUHĂ&#x20AC;HFWLRQRIWKHKHWHURJHQHLW\RILGHDV and opinions of the Iranian community in the Canadian media. The Canadian community will learn, better than ever, about a fact that we realized many years ago: that Iranians do not have a common voice, common understanding, or united defense tools. I remind those who rely on Harperâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s administration and his agentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; promises regarding human rights or disagreements about attacks to Iran that these promises are being made by someone who has turned into a determined defendant of one of the most brutal governments of WKH 0LGGOH (DVW GXULQJ WKH ODVW ÂżYH WR VL[ years, and especially after the formation of his majority government. This is also

the same person who has had the most economic, technological, and even nuclear relationships with Arabic governments of the Persian Gulf who, despite their modern appearance, are still governed with the pre-Feudalism system and are the biggest ÂżQDQFLDO DGYHUWLVLQJ VXSSRUWHUV RI WKH promotion of extremist Islamism in the world. Harper is also the same person who travelled to the largest prison of the world called â&#x20AC;&#x153;Chinaâ&#x20AC;? in order to secure the interests of his supporting petroleum companies and who forgot about the human rights status of his country. If the interests of his party are IXOÂżOOHG KH PLJKW HYHQ FRPSURPLVH ZLWK any of the governments, including the one he is now confronting. He did so before and he will do it again in the future. Mr. Harper is willing to pretend that he is one of the pioneering leaders of the world, but he is forgetting that nobody considers a hunting hound as a leader only because it moves in front of the others, when everyone has seen the whistle in its ownerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s hand. No one expects more of Mr. Kenney as he is frequently breaking his promises and destroying the future of immigrants; one example of his unaccountability ZDV VHHQ ZLWK WKH FORVLQJ RI ÂżOHV RI  thousand applicants waiting for their YLVDV ,W LV VXIÂżFHG IRU WKH SHRSOH SUHVHQW in the meetings to compare his previous promises to our community with his actual administrationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s performance, so that they can see what a â&#x20AC;&#x153;reliable and accountableâ&#x20AC;? person with whom they were negotiating! This is just the beginning... Letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s be honest. The purpose of the meeting and the photo are clear. Harperâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s administration is supposed to continue making decisions without consulting with members of the Iranian community in Canada; the same decisions that clearly violate the interests of Iranians living in Iran and Canada. Is it necessary however, to execute programs to eliminate the possibility of any united reactions by this community after making and applying such decisions? Is it necessary to include a gesture of â&#x20AC;&#x153;we are not against the Iranian communityâ&#x20AC;? with a smiling photo? We should expect more of these kinds of shows in the future because it seems that anti-Iranian decisions are not going to come to an end anytime soon. Â&#x192; Editor+s Note

11 Ă&#x192;ZÂźÂ&#x2039; žŸĂ&#x2020;] Ă&#x2022;{ parnianmagazine.com


â&#x20AC;&#x153;Go to Work and Do Not Nag about Itâ&#x20AC;?* Oh yeah, especially if youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re an immigrant! Mitra Roshan

Hossein Nasseri was only a young boy when his family decided to send him abroad to Canada. Coming from a very wealthy family, Mr. Nasseriâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s parents sent him to Quebec in order to provide him with the opportunity of studying in both English and French. With high hopes, supportive parents, and a solid education plan, Mr. Nasseri was studying to become someone great and to possibly become a Minister or a Member of Parliament in Iran in his future. To his bad luck however, the Islamic Revolution happened and Mr. Nasseri was forced to put a halt on his plans. At the time, Mr. Nasseri was studying in university and required at least a thousand dollars a month for food and living expenses. On top of that, Mr. Nasseri also needed money for textbooks, tuition fees, and recreational expenses, which he unfortunately knew he had to give up. With no foreign currency in Iran, Mr. Nasseri was forced to temporarily leave university in order to work to cover his basic expenses. He found a job as a porter which required him to unloaded trucks and to carry the items back to a wine store depot in Quebec. Mr. Nasseri woke up early every single day to carry heavy boxes of wine alongside his colleagues. â&#x20AC;&#x153;At the time, I only thought of survival and hopefully holding onto my dignity in the processâ&#x20AC;?, says Mr. Nasseri. During lunchtime when everybody else would drink, laugh, and fool around, Mr. Nasseri would sit far from the others and would silently eat his homemade sandwich and water. One particular day, Mr. Nasseri was sitting alone as usual when the head manager of their group approached him. The manager, a handsome middle-aged man, approached Mr. Nasseri and patted him on his shoulder and said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;My son, I want to congratulate you. I have been watching you these past couple of days and you have been more disciplined and careful than all the other workers. You have always completed your work and have never questioned or disobeyed any orders. Unlike all the others, you never drink during OXQFKWLPHHLWKHU%HFDXVHRIDOOWKLV,FDQFRQÂżGHQWO\VD\WKDW, see and predict a bright future for you. One day, you will replace me and will become the head of all the other portersâ&#x20AC;?. At that moment, Mr. Nasseri says that he looked up and thanked God that his Father was not there to hear what his boss had just said. Through interviews with many different people from the Iranian community, Mitra Roshan investigates various issues such as reasons behind the failure of immigrants in the labour market, WKH HIIHFWV RI YROXQWDU\ ZRUN DQG XQLYHUVLW\ GHJUHHV LQ ÂżQGLQJ suitable jobs, as well as issues regarding the culture that dominates Canadian workforces. Â&#x192; *- piece of poem by Mohammad-Taghi (Malek o-Shoara) Bahar Immigrants in Job Market

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The Social Value of Immigrantâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Works Vahid Tolooei, PhD

$W ÂżUVW JODQFH RQH PLJKW VLPSO\ DVVXPH WKDW WKH ODERXU PDUNHW ÂżQGLQJ D MRE UHFUXLWPHQW ZDJHV and other various things of similar nature are merely economic issues that depend on demand and supply, expertise, and competency; however, this is not the whole story. It should be known that in this regard, like all other aspects of human life, society and culture have a much more important and impactful role than might initially appear. It is necessary to note that most people GHÂżQH WKHPVHOYHV XVLQJ WKHLU ZRUN DQG MREV DQG LW is through oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s work that one derives certain social values and positions. In fact, it is through our work and jobs that we establish our social communication circles and network with others around us. Thus, it is work which determines the lifestyle of an individual and his position in social rankings and categorizations. Yet, it nevertheless seems as if receiving an income is only part of a personâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s approach to work and that a jobâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s social implications are more important. To add to that, it seems that for Canadians, equality in the labour market is an unacceptable and unusual concept. Twenty years of research has revealed that although Canadians believe in multicultural principles, they simply accept inequality based on social values originating from â&#x20AC;&#x153;raceâ&#x20AC;? and â&#x20AC;&#x153;the source countryâ&#x20AC;?. Cultural variations previously accepted in the 1960â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s, through social pressures by groups of different ethnical roots, have not made Canadian employers feel comfortable with European employers and workers. However, other immigrants are now permitted to work and this is partly related to connections and the networking of immigrant individuals. It is in this light that the role of immigrantsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; ethnical communities is highlighted. The stronger, more reputable, and more HIÂżFLHQW DQ LPPLJUDQWVÂś ethnical community is, the more likely it is for immigrants from that ethnical community to achieve success in the labour market. This success however, is nevertheless dependant on various conditions. Â&#x192;


Shouting in a Vacuum

6\QRSVLV RI WKH ¿OP ³+DWUHG´ (Boghze) Yahya Natanzi

Problems Faced by Iranian Refugees in Obtaining Higher-Level Jobs Vahid Namazi, PhD

%HLQJDEOHWRREWDLQDGHVLUHGMREFDQEHFODVVLÂżHGDVRQHRIWKHPRVWLPSRUWDQW immigration issues faced by immigrants and accounts for a critical part of their concerns even before the commencement of their high-stake process. In literature, what is referred to as â&#x20AC;&#x153;integrationâ&#x20AC;? or getting settled in the work environment is one of the main principles and foundations of a more general issue of becoming settled economically. In order to evaluate job integration, it is common practice to compare the performance of immigrants with that RI SHRSOH ERUQ LQ WKH GHVWLQDWLRQ FRXQWU\ GXULQJ D VSHFLÂżF WLPH SHULRG ,Q fact, successful integration requires this difference to fade away or essentially become extinct. Also, during the last few decades, applying for asylum while residing outside Canada, as well as inside it after the applicant has entered the country, has become one major form of immigration for many people, including ,UDQLDQV$OWKRXJKERWKJURXSVDUHUHIHUUHGWRDVUHIXJHHVWKHÂżUVWJURXSRI refugees, after obtaining asylum and their residency permits, enter the country with a permanent residence visa and are no different than other immigrants in regards to access to jobs and educational facilities. In contrast, the second group is required to take a different process inside Canada, and thus, this article will investigate the effects of various characteristics of this group at the time of entrance into the new country and their integration into the work market. The results of this study are obtained through an academic study conducted on a group of Iranian immigrants who were working as taxi drivers in Montreal during the time of the study. The study revealed that long wait times in processing asylum applications of refugees, including Iranian refugees, was one of the leading factors affecting job availabilities for refugees as it deprives them of continuing their studies. Tuition fees are incredibly high and most refugees cannot afford to pay the costly tuition fees that international students are required to pay. In addition, LJQRUDQFHUHJDUGLQJWKHLPSRUWDQFHDQGVLJQLÂżFDQFHRIWKH)UHQFKODQJXDJH LQ4XHEHFDORQJZLWKWKHODFNRIDXQLÂżHG,UDQLDQFRPPXQLW\IRULQIRUPLQJ newcomers has led immigrants to underestimate the critical importance of learning French. Thus, these circumstances have contributed to many refugees only obtaining low-level jobs. Efforts need to be made in order to provide applicants applying for asylum with the opportunity of continuing their studies with regular tuition fees that all Canadians have to pay, during the period of time that it takes to process their residency applications. In addition, great efforts need to be made to bring unity to the Iranian community in order to shine light on the importance of learning French. Â&#x192;

Reza Darmishian initially intended to SURGXFH WKH ÂżOP Âł6RE´ LQ ,UDQ EXW GXH to the alarming ambiance of the current situations there, the senior managers of cinema informed him that he was not SHUPLWWHG WR VWDUW ÂżOPLQJ XQOHVV KH GDWHG his plotline back to the pre-revolution period. Rather than changing the movie plot however, Darmishian made a better decision and chose Turkey as the location IRUKLVÂżOPLQVWHDG6LQFHPRVW,UDQLDQÂżOPV DUH GHHPHG DV ÂłDSDUWPHQW ÂżOPV´ GXH WR EHLQJÂżOPHGLQFORVHGVSDFHVWKLVÂżOPFDQ be considered a huge win for Iranian movies as more than ninety percent of its scenes were captured in the beautiful open spaces of a foreign country. The movie scenes were ÂżOPHGE\WKHLQIDPRXVFDPFRUGHURI7RRUDM $VODQLWKXVPDNLQJWKHÂżOPÂśVYLVXDODVSHFWV even more unique and enticing. Aslani also made good creative uses of his youth assertiveness and adapted his recordings to resemble the exciting story of Hamed and Jaleh. Â&#x192; Note: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Hartedâ&#x20AC;? talks about Iranian refugees in Turkey

Immigrants in Job Market

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ArgoNew Hollywood's Version of Iran Hostage Crisis Majid Bastami

at the discretion of the movie creators. It is because of this that I, a critical spectator, do not object to the many exaggerations and ÂżFWLWLRXV HYHQWV DQG WKULOOLQJ PRPHQWV DV they are all aspects of drama. In fact, I do not even object to the last twenty minutes of the movie; although, for other reasons not related to the fact, I am still not a fan of these ÂżQDO WZHQW\ PLQXWHV +RZHYHU GRHV WKH mere claim, projected by the director, that â&#x20AC;&#x153;I have made an entertaining drama based on historyâ&#x20AC;? justify the numerous changes made to historical facts, which in some cases, KDYHHYHQOHGWRIRUJHU\DQGIDOVLÂżFDWLRQRI information? It is not fair to depict a scene of anxiety amongst female employees of the embassy, with their hands tied together and their eyes violently blindfolded, and then to Argo from a historical perspective: Argo KDV EHHQ FODVVLÂżHG LQ WKH JHQUH RI conceal the historical fact that the protesters historical drama. This means that the set the women and the Black free during the history and historical events and facts of ÂżUVWIHZGD\VRIWKHKRVWDJHWDNLQJ the underlying story played a critical role in ,WLVQRWIDLUWRVWDUWDQGÂżQLVK\RXUÂżOPZLWK the movie, although dramatic requirements historical scenes and messages, to do your were also important for the production best to simulate every details of different as viewers are not supposed to see a places and locations (such as the way documentary about the event. Thus, addition Mendezâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s documents are stamped in the and omission of events and characters are Iranian embassy in Turkey, or the simulation After the successful release of the movie Argo which recounts the dramatic story of the November 4, 1979 attack in Tehran in ZKLFK ÂżIW\WZR GLSORPDWV DQG VWDII RI WKH American Embassy were taken hostage, different reviews and opinions have been expressed about the movie, especially by the countries that were the dominant vertices in the political triangle, namely Iran, Canada, and America. Interestingly, viewers from WKH ÂżUVW WZR FRXQWULHV ,UDQ DQG &DQDGD conspicuously agreed and had the same consensus regarding the movie; they were both disappointed with the exaggerated and unreal illustration of the third country, the USA!

Art& Entertainment

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of former committee for anti-sabotage/ Tohid detention center, which are fantastic in terms of paying attention to the details), costumes, tools, covers, and situations, so that almost all actors and actresses of WKH ÂżOP LQFOXGLQJ WKH KRVWDJH WDNHUV IRU example, Mary -Masoomeh Ebtekar - as the spokeswoman of hostage takers), senior RIÂżFLDOV RI WKH 86 JRYHUQPHQW Âą 0HQGH] himself excluded â&#x20AC;&#x201C; and six main hostages, bazaars, streets, etc match the real ones as much as possible and as production of VXFK D ÂżOP RXWVLGH RI ,UDQ DOORZV DQG WR VKRZVHYHUDOSLFWXUHVLQWKHÂżQDOWLWOLQJWR support this matching, and then to show the protesters as military forces and guards (which in the current media, are called Islamic Republic Guardians (IRG), but at that time, IRG had not been formed yet, or at least, in such affairs, the members of the Islamic Republic Committee were present), rather than as students. It is not fair to degrade the presence of tens of thousands of ordinary people and political groups outside the embassy who, despite the differences in their ideas and political interests, approved of these


actions, whether right or wrong. It is not fair to depict the voluntary and willing actions of thousands of students in recovering shredded documents as forced labour of children, or to show a scene depicting a fake hanging ceremony. These are just some of many contradictions. 2Q WKH RWKHU KDQG D VLJQLÂżFDQW SDUW RI WKH ÂżOP WULHV WR SOD\ DQ LPSDUWLDO UROH LQ VKRZLQJWKHSROLWLFDOVRFLDOFRQĂ&#x20AC;LFWVRIWKDW period and deep hatred of people towards the actions of the USA and its important ally in the region, i.e. Shah. This especially happens in the successful opening sequence depicting the CIAâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s coup against Mosaddeq, ZKLFK LQ P\ RSLQLRQ QR ,UDQLDQ ÂżOP LV likely to be able to create something as short DQGEULHIDQGDWWKHVDPHWLPHLQĂ&#x20AC;XHQWLDODV WKLVÂżOP WRVKRZV\PSDWK\WKURXJKVHWWLQJ free the hidden anger of Iranians in that SHULRGEXWRYHUDOOWKHÂżOPFDQQRWNHHSWKLV approach and has tendency towards the antiIran side. The problem is that the parts added to spice up the movie are actually disgusting lies. Thus, if they were intending to show the pure reality of the situation with a little dramatization, they should have compensated by depicting the entire situation as a real hell. It is important to also note that in many scenes, especially in the ones with public violence, there are no subtitles and viewers who do not understand Farsi are left to think that Iranians will, without good reason, attack and shout at anything which reminds them of the West. Sadly, in terms of historical narration and compared with what has been mentioned in todayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s media, ArgoLVWKHEHVWÂżOPLQWKH FROOHFWLRQRIEDGDQGGLVJXVWLQJÂżOPVDERXW Iran and Iranians. Something like when 0HQGH]ÂśV ERVV WHOOV WKH VHQLRU RIÂżFLDOV RI the CIA about his idea: â&#x20AC;&#x153;This is the best bad idea we have had by farâ&#x20AC;?.

preferences, and expectations, you should prepare to encounter a two-part movie. In WKHÂżUVWRQHKXQGUHGPLQXWHVRIWKHÂżOPZH see a fascinating work which is a mixture of historical events, attractive characters with a sense of humour, and a stupid idea that nobody believes could be real, along with a believable story and reasonable suspensions. The directing is smooth and perfect, and the staffs involved in special effects, design, and PDNHXSUHDOO\KHOSWKHFUHDWRURIWKHÂżOP minus the problems in reconstructing Azadi Square as the administrative buildings ZHUH WRR FORVH WR WKH VTXDUH$IĂ&#x20AC;HFN ZDV believable in playing the role of a lonely DJHQW ZKR LV UHDG\ WR VDFULÂżFH KLPVHOI LQ perilous situations despite the load of family and administrative problems. This was especially clear when, at the last moment, he is informed that because of rescue operation -which was a complete failure after that in Tabasse-, his mission has been cancelled. It would appear as if we are watching a movie with one of the most lovable CIA agents of the last few decades, who, unlike his peers, doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t kill a single person. ,Q WKH ODVW WZHQW\ PLQXWHV RI WKH ÂżOP however, a series of clichĂŠ events, of the kind in which you can guess every single minute of such as a ticket that is only approved at the last minute or a bad guy suddenly turning LQWRDVDYLRUVSOLWWKHÂżOPLQWRWZRGLVWLQFW parts. I personally believe that this did not help the movie at all. In addition, for the ordinary spectator, for whom this part has been added, this 1970â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s style construction of

action scenes ends up being like a caricature after having watched loads of James Bond and Jason Born movies. Moreover, if, as the ÂżOP GHSLFWV WKH XJO\ EHDUGHG JX\V DUH VR powerful that they can easily, and without any warrant, attack the residence of the Canadian ambassador, why couldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t they force an airplane which had just taken off WRODQG"'LGWKHVWRU\RIWKHÂżOPWDNHSODFH in the geography of a movie such as â&#x20AC;&#x153;Wild Geeseâ&#x20AC;?? And the last point: Argo LV LQ IDFW D ÂżOP DERXW WKH SRZHUV of cinema in depicting realities and FUHDWLQJ ÂżFWLWLRXV DQG LPDJLQDU\ WKLQJV DV believable. And the movie, itself is exactly the same. This new version of â&#x20AC;&#x153;factsâ&#x20AC;? as related to the hostage taking in 1979 is neither what Western media showed at the time nor what the TV series On the Wings of Eagles illustrated. The people of the world will watch this new movie and will believe the background of these events, the story of Tony Mendez, six runaway employees of the Embassy, the role of Canada in Iran at the time, and many other things, just as how they are described in Argo, even if the Iranian Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance or the Canadian Ambassador in Iran at the time would agree that the â&#x20AC;&#x153;factsâ&#x20AC;? LOOXVWUDWHGLQWKLVÂżOPZHUHIDOVLÂżHG7KLVLV exactly why, out of thousands of versions of Cinderella existing today, the only publicly accepted version is the one Disney recounted sixty years ago. Â&#x192;

Argo as a political trailer: If you want to, and are also able to, watch WKH ÂżOP ZLWKRXW DQ\ SUHVXSSRVLWLRQV

Art& Entertainment

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The Colonel Broke His Silence Farahnaz Samaiiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s interview with Mahmoud Dowlatabadi on the translation of The Colonel into six languages Globe and Mail, Deutsche Welle, and Financial Times explain the reasons behind the shower of global enthusiasm for this masterpiece. According to the internet site Die Zeit, â&#x20AC;&#x153;This interesting, powerful story is a window into Iranâ&#x20AC;?. The Colonel is a story of immense suffering and pain. The events that take place in the book throughout a late rainy night depict the sufferings of a nation over the time span of many years. Contradictory emotions conveyed by the Colonel over his familyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s devastation, death, and confusion poetically illustrate great distressing grief. The way the Colonel faced the death of his fourteen year old daughter, Parvaneh, is one of many outstanding examples of Dowlatabadiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s special and distinguished style of writing.

I was meeting him for the second time; his serious complexion and penetrating look revealed a look of deep thought, surely originating from enormous suffering over the years. He is the creator of Kelidar and the narrator of Missing Solouch and Passed Times of the Elderly. He is a man who, these days with his new book entitled The Colonel, has been given great attention and spotlight in the literary world; the infamous Mahmoud Dowlatabadi. In addition to Farsi, the mother tongue of Dowlatabadi, The Colonel has also been SXEOLVKHGLQÂżYHRWKHUODQJXDJHV'XULQJ my short trip to Tehran, I requested for an interview with him and he accepted with the sole condition that I must read his book before the interview; I had already read it. The Colonel was translated for WKH ÂżUVW WLPH E\ %DKPDQ 1LURRPDQG into German and published by Union Publications in Switzerland. It was later translated into Arabic, French, Italian, and English. Several positive reviews published on well-known internet sites as well as in well-known papers such as The Independent, New York Times, Spiegel, Art& Entertainment

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According to Tom Patterdale, the English translator of the book, Dowladabadiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s language is prestigious, poetic, and rhythmic. In order to create the same writing effect in his translation, Patterdale preferred the use of words with Anglo-Saxon origin over those with Latin roots. The Colonel ZDVRQHRIWKHÂżQDOQRPLQHHVIRUWKH+DXV der Kulturen der Welt International Library Prize in 2009 in Berlin and amongst eleven nominees for the Man Asian Literary Prize in 2011. Our interview was conducted a few days prior to Dowlatabadiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s departure to Europe, where he was scheduled to attend a ceremony held by London Word Association for the unveiling of his book into translated English. Â&#x192;

Contemporary Iran in the Heart of Canada Six Weeks of Iranian Art in Toronto Farahnaz Samii

Toronto has once again hosted an event showcasing various Iranian contemporary artists and their works thus proving that art recognizes no boundaries, even if politics recognizes closing doors to embassies. The IHVWLYDO ZDV ÂżUVW KRVWHG LQ WKH VXPPHU RI 2007 at the Headbones Gallery in Toronto and included various artists and their works. 7KLV WLPH DIWHU D JDS RI ÂżYH \HDUV WKH festival was held in Queen Gallery in six sections, thanks to its founders emphasizing the importance of visual arts. During the last week of the festival, we also had the wonderful opportunity of meeting with Pooyan Tabatabaei, the secretary of the festival in Queen Gallery. Queen Gallery is often more familiar to Iranian artists than other Toronto galleries. Although the focus of this festival revolved around visual arts and thus entailed a variety of paintings, sculptures, photographs, and graphic pieces, the movies and cinema aspects

were nonetheless very successful and focused on short and semi-short movies and documentaries. The works presented in this festival were selected by a committee who chose to showcase works from successful and well-known artists as well as artists who o had not previously had the chance to showcase owcase their art. The festival was also unique que as a few art pieces were selected based ed on public call, which occurred for the YHU\ÂżUVWWLPHLQWKLV\HDU \ÂżUVWWLPHLQWKLV\HDUÂ&#x192;


Success in a Canadian Classroom It never ceases to make me smile when I see younger teens frown with displeased expressions at the thought of sharing anything remotely similar to their parents. I must admit, I was once one of those teens as well; a teenager who was so busy and preoccupied with trying to be different that I didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t see how much I really did have in common with my parents. It seems to be unavoidable; no matter how hard we try to be different from the souls that raised us, it seems that we inevitably end up picking up many of our parentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; traits. It shouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t be surprising then, to see many second generation immigrant children with many ÂżUVWJHQHUDWLRQTXDOLWLHV:KDWLVVXUSULVLQJ however, is the extent to which these qualities can affect a child in the new country.

years in order to promote the skills that will eventually help students succeed in a Canadian workforce. Even subjects such as math, a subject that is essentially universal LQQDWXUHDQGGRHVQRWUHTXLUHĂ&#x20AC;XHQW(QJOLVK to understand, can become a challenge to immigrant children as the format and manner in which it is taught is different. In addition, school work entails various projects and UHĂ&#x20AC;HFWLYHSDSHUVDQGDVVLJQPHQWVDQGLVQRW so heavily weighted on test and exam marks as in Iranâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s system, which tends to initially throw off a lot of students.

Immigrant teens also often struggle in schools due to their general attitude regarding the course or the course instructor. In fact, it is shocking how many times I have personally witnessed Society in Iran holds great Persian teenagers proclaim value as well as a strict attitude that they know more than our towards education and strong Professors! Unfamiliar to the academic achievement does grading system here, many not go unrecognized. With students also underestimate Ă&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;Ă&#x2039; à Ă&#x201E;ÂżĂ&#x201A;a so much emphasis placed on the importance of the projects Pouneh Vaziri excellence, especially in the and assignments assigned by math and physics stream, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not teachers and do not invest surprising to see how the systemâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s output enough time or effort in completing such can often result in academically skilled and tasks versus studying for their tests. By hard-working children. Immigrant parents possessing an attitude built on arrogance are often accustomed to their childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s and resistance to the course or instructor, academic success and expect to see similar students often end up creating barriers achievement in the new country as well. towards their own learning. It is especially Upon immigrating however, many Persian interesting however, to witness the changes children are unable to achieve the same in immigrant studentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; attitudes upon grades. Although highly skilled in areas becoming accustomed to the system here. such as mathematics and sciences, many immigrant children often lack qualities It appears that Iranâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s rigorous academic that are strongly encouraged in North curriculum seems to produce and promote American education systems. The ability elite groups of extremely independent and to work in a team as well as present orally knowledgeable children but is consequently are just two of many traits that are strongly also ignoring many important traits that fostered in Canadian schools. From an DUH EHQHÂżFLDO DQG LQ &DQDGD HVVHQWLDOO\ early age, children are taught to regularly vital for the workplace. A high-school ZULWH UHĂ&#x20AC;HFW DQG SUHVHQW DERXW ZKDW WKH\ teacher once said to me, â&#x20AC;&#x153;You may get a job OHDUQ,QÂżQLWHDVVLJQPHQWVDQGSURMHFWVWKDW because of your grades, but you only keep are strongly group work and presentation the job because of your character skillsâ&#x20AC;?. based are bombarded at students over the It wasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t until I grew older that I truly

understood what she meant. A closer look into Canadian education systems can reveal how this profound message is inevitably promoted throughout Canadian schools. In fact, high-school report cards include not only studentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; grades, but an assessment of their character and work skills as well such as attendance, perseverance, team-working abilities, and initiative. Thus, for parents who are thinking of immigrating, it is especially crucial to understand the structure of the education system here and to try to promote such learning skills in their children. The problem is that many parents also lack these skills as well! It is not an excuse however, to merely write off not having, for example, strong presentation skills as a reason for not promoting them or considering them important for oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s children. The Canadian education system as well as the workforce is much more dynamic in nature compared to Iranâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s structure, and with immigration standards and requirements constantly increasing, it is becoming even more vital to adopt a proactive attitude for both oneself and oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s children. All in all, it is evident that immigrants to Canada are generally highly educated, ÂżQDQFLDOO\ VWDEOH DQG RYHUDOO VXFFHVVIXO in their home countries. The important thing is to try to develop the basic skills that are necessary for success in Canadian workforces and schools in order to continue achieving success after making the move. More importantly, it is important to instill such qualities in oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s children. In doing so, not only are you helping to contribute to positive growth for your child but helping to reinforce the same values in yourself as well. Â&#x192;

A high-school teacher once said to me, â&#x20AC;&#x153;You may get a job because of your grades, but you only keep the job because of your character skillsâ&#x20AC;?. 2nd Generation

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{YšZĂ&#x20AC;Ă&#x2020;] Ben Rad

The 7 Myths of Real Estate Investing Behnam Rad

Investment

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The real estate business is a competitive dog-eat-dog market and with so many different people offering a slice of their opinion, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s easy to become lost and confused in all the extra noise. Before we delve into our topic however, consider the following questions: do you think making more money will make you happier? Do you currently have a retirement plan? Although the two questions might appear to EHXQUHODWHGDWÂżUVWJODQFHWKH\HVVHQWLDOO\ have one major thing in common: money. Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t tell me that money doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t make you happy, otherwise Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll be forced to think that you are either Mother Theresa or a Buddhist in Tibet, and frankly, we both know that you are neither of them or else you wouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t be reading this article in the ÂżUVWSODFH7KHIXQQ\WKLQJDERXWPDNLQJ extra money is that it is not necessarily the actual money which makes you happy, but how you use it and the things you get to spend it on. Regardless of whether or not you want money to spend right now or to save up for your future, you nevertheless still have to somehow make money. This is what I refer to as â&#x20AC;&#x153;active incomeâ&#x20AC;? as it is money earned in exchange for your time, talent, or expertise. However, the problem with only earning active income is that people do not have an endless supply of time, talent, or expertise! In fact, all three factors have a distinct limit â&#x20AC;&#x201C; especially the time factor. Now if you want to make more money, you have to consider how you could earn more through â&#x20AC;&#x153;passive incomeâ&#x20AC;?. Passive income LVDQLQFRPHWKDWNHHSVĂ&#x20AC;RZLQJ into your account regardless of where you are or what you are doing. The

amazing thing about obtaining passive income is that you can choose to spend it now or to invest it into your future. As long as you do not interrupt the operation V\VWHPRI\RXUSDVVLYHLQFRPHWKHĂ&#x20AC;RZRI money will continue to keep coming. If you want to be able to earn a passive income, you must invest your money. In previous articles, we discussed various investment options such as stock markets, mutual funds, GIC, and real estate. I personally prefer to invest in real estate as it is simple and predictable, less risky, pays a more valuable return, and can be successfully achieved by almost anyone! If I can do it, I know others can do it as well because trust me, it is not rocket science. Now, I know you must be shifting in your seat contemplating to yourself whether or not you should go forth with investing. On one hand, more money would mean more time with your family, travelling, as well as helping others in need. On the other hand however, a little voice in your head keeps telling you that it is a bad idea and that you are going to lose money. Well, before you make any rash decisions, I would like you to stay with me and allow us to go through the seven myths of real estate investing. I will reveal the truth behind each myth to hopefully make you feel comfortable HQRXJK WR WDNH \RXU ÂżUVW VWHS WRZDUGV investing in real estate. Myth #1: I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t need to be an investor; my job will take care of me and I am quite happy with what I have. Truth: You do need to be an investor because your job may not always be there for you and you donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t know if it will be enough in the future.


Consider a case where you have a good job, are making good money, and are saving some away for your future in RRSP accounts. Making good money at your job will lead you to feel PRUH FRQÂżGHQW about yourself and your job thus leading to changes in your lifestyle and spending habits. After a period of time, a close look LQWR \RXU ÂżQDQFHV FRXOG UHYHDO that even though you are still saving money in your RRSP accounts, you are spending more as well! On a different note, what if something was to go wrong? An emergency could result in you having to leave your job or having to work less in order to take care of a family member. Economical changes could also affect yourÂżQDQFLDOSODQDVDEDG economy can lead you to make less money at your job â&#x20AC;&#x201C; a problem commonly seen in commission based work. Regardless of the scenario, it is evident that an unforeseen circumstance will lead you to go after your own savings in order to make it through the rough time. Wouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t it be better if you had a passive source of income which kept generating money regardless of external circumstances? Myth #2: I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have the time for it. Truth: Until you give it a try, you cannot determine what is or isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t possible. The wonderful thing about investing is that you do not need to be involved in the process all the time. Robert Kiyosaki, a famous author and investor, once said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;People will believe ZKDWWKH\ZDQWWREHOLHYH7KH\ÂżQG excuses that prevent them from taking a look at what PLJKWZRUNDQGZKHQWKH\ÂżQGDUHDVRQ they make that their own realityâ&#x20AC;?. The same message applies to our real estate scenario as well. The important part is to take action and talk to other investors. Invest your money with those who are more experienced until \RXÂżQGWLPH to become more involved. Myth #3: Investing is too hard and complicated.

Truth: Investing, like any other task, involves a certain process and procedure. ,I \RX ÂżQG WKDW WKH investing process is too hard and overwhelming, then you can choose to only do the part that you are good at. The process behind real estate investing is much easier than the process behind other forms of investing. As soon as you learn the steps to the real estate process, you can take part in doing the tasks that you DUH JRRG DW VXFK DV ÂżQGLQJ WKH ORFDWLRQ estimating the renovation costs required, GRLQJ WKH DFFRXQWLQJ ZRUN RU ÂżQGLQJ WKH ULJKW WHQDQWV 'RLQJ DQ\WKLQJ IRU WKH ÂżUVW time can seem complicated but repetition is key and it will become much easier and smoother over time. Myth #4: The best investments require knowledge that most people donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have. Truth: The best investments you can make will always be in areas you understand. I am a member of a real estate club and all the investors are ordinary people, like you and I, who wanted to make changes in their lives. Everybody started small by ÂżUVW OHDUQLQJ WKURXJK UHDGLQJ WDNLQJ SDUW in seminars, and talking to other investors. Investing in real estate is not rocket science, believe me. Myth #5: Investing is risky and I will lose my money. Truth: If you invest your money properly, you can eliminate the risk factor. I believe that everything in life has a risk and everything we do on a daily basis can be deemed as â&#x20AC;&#x153;riskyâ&#x20AC;?. Going down stairs, crossing the street, or even driving a car can seem dangerous and risky, but you engage in these tasks everyday because you are cautious, know your limits, follow the rules, and take action when necessary. If you do the same in your investments, you will not only minimize your risk factor but attain success as well.

Myth #6: Only successful investors know the right time for investing. Truth: It is always the time to invest if you stick to your investing criteria. In my opinion, there is no such thing as a right or wrong time for investing. Investing is not a game of luck; instead, you follow a proven path for investing your money. If the rate of unemployment is rising in Montreal, do not buy or invest there. Instead, invest in Ottawa which has lower unemployment rates. If the price of housing is crazy in Vancouver, purchase a house in Regina instead, where the GDP is steadily rising and unemployment rates are low. Myth #7: All the good investment opportunities are taken by others. Truth: There is always a good investment for those who seek one. Your personal ÂżQDQFH DQG HFRQRPLFDO situation are two main factors that may affect your investment decisions, but there are always other circumstances that can also act in your favour. People buy and sell all the time! Various reasons, such as marriage, a new job, children going to college, or even divorce, lead home owners to sell their homes. What matters is knowing how much you have to invest and keeping your eyes and ears open for opportunities. It took me four months DQGPRUHWKDQÂżIW\KRPH YLHZLQJWREX\P\ÂżUVWinvestment property. Patience is truly a virtue. How do you envision your future? You might picture yourself with enough money to allow you to spend more time with your family, or travel the world, or even to merely relax at home. You might envision a ÂżQDQFLDOSODQWKDWFDQSURWHFWyou and your family if, God forbid, something happened to you. Invest your money and create a passive income for yourself and your family. Real estate is one of many paths to seek, but is certainly worth a try. Â&#x192; Real Estate Investor behnam.rad@sigmarealty.ca

Investment

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January-February2013 . No10

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87 parnianmagazine.com

January-February2013 . No10

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Â&#x17E;]ZĂ&#x20AC;à ~yNÂť Hawkins, F. (1988). Canada and Immigration: Public Policy and Public Concern. 2nd ed., Montreal, McGill-Queenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s University Press. Namazi, V. (2011). Les trajectoires de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;immigration de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;intĂŠgration professionnelle des immigrants iraniens travaillant comme chauffeurs de taxi Ă MontrĂŠal, Thèse de doctorat, UniversitĂŠ de MontrĂŠal. Pham-Nguyen, T. (1987). ÂŤLes dĂŠterminants du processus dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;adaptation sociale et linguistique des Vietnamiens Ă  QuĂŠbec Âť, Adaptation linguistique et culturelle : lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;expĂŠrience des rĂŠfugiĂŠs dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Asie du sud-est au QuĂŠbec, sous la direction de Kwok B. Chan et Louis-Jacques Dorais, QuĂŠbec : Centre international de recherche sur le bilinguisme, pp. 149-165. PichĂŠ, V. (2004). , ÂŤ Immigration et intĂŠgration dans les pays dĂŠveloppĂŠs : un cadre conceptuel Âť, dans Graziella C., Vallin J. et Wunsch G., DĂŠmographie : analyse et synthèse. VI: Population Et SociĂŠtĂŠ, Paris, Ă&#x2030;dition de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Institut national dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ĂŠtudes dĂŠmographiques, pp. 159-178. ÂŤ Refugee Determination Âť (July 1991). Refuge 11,2, York University. Renaud, J. et Gingras, L. (1998). Les trois premières annĂŠes au QuĂŠbec des requĂŠrants du statut de rĂŠfugiĂŠ rĂŠgularisĂŠs, Collection Ă&#x2030;TUDE, RECHERCHE ET STATISTIQUES No 2, 'LUHFWLRQGHODSODQLÂżFDWLRQVWUDWpJLTXHHWGHOD Direction des communications du ministère des Relations avec les citoyens et de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;immigration, Gouvernement du QuĂŠbec.

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25 parnianmagazine.com

January-February2013 . No10

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19 parnianmagazine.com

January-February2013 . No10

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17 parnianmagazine.com

January-February2013 . No10

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Parnian Magazine Vol. 9 Iranian Immigrants Monthly

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