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Portfolio Architecture I Design

SHAHAB RAHIMI University of Southern California, School of Architecture


table of

CONTENTS Solar Canoply

01

Solar Decathlon Competition, 2013 Designed an energy zero residential building.

Automated Weaver

07

Award-winning fifth year thesis. his “robot� weaves building components in regular and irregular pattern. The machine is engineered to weave carbon fiber in regular/irregular pattern

K-town Center

21

Performing arts and sparelief. This project provides a link for the public, as well as a secondary common area for the performers.


Invisible Bench 27

Kitwe Cradel

Orphanage in Kitwe, Zanbia

33

st. James School 43 Los Angeles, CA

Furniture Design. Having a bench that is transparent makes one who sits on it seems weightless,creating an illusion of floating.

A real project with real Clients. designed for passive environmental sustainabilty (shading, wind ventilation, and rainwater collection)

Professional Work. This project is located in Korea town, Los Angeles. This prefabricated school is designed by DSH architecture.


Solar Decathlon Competition, 2013 Designed an energy zero residential building. The building is under construction with some changes. Credits: Shahab Rahimi, Kevin Tazalla, Jane Zhu My design seeks to reinvigorate the concept of the “glass houseâ€?. By shrouding my simple enclosure that features floor to ceiling glass with a perforated façade, I retain panoramic views out of the structure while providing privacy and a more sustainable approach. The minimalist footprint of enclosed space is complimented by a large outdoor living area, promoting the indooroutdoor culture that is Southern California living. Solar panels integrated within the skin system provide more than enough energy for this ultra efficient design.


SOLAR CANOPY

01 | 02


Perforated Panels

Stainless

Steel

The skin system is clad with perforated metal panels . The panels are 3 feet wide and perforations range from 2 to 6 inches in diameter Steel Structural Square Beams (primary) A500 4” x 4” x 1/4” structural steel tubes frame the faceted facade panels. Steel Structural Square Beams (secondary) A500 2” x 2” x 1/4” structural steel tubes provide places for attachment for the steel panels


03 | 04


Retracted When the wall is completely folded, it is able to move back and forth to provide the living area with more space.

Unfolded The moveable wall holds the dining table and two storage components facing the kitchen.

FLOOR PLAN

SOUTH ELEVATION


05 | 06


AUTOMATED WEAVER University of Southern California Raymon S.Kennedy Award In Recognition of an outstanding fifth year degree project that represents creative innovations in the presentation of architectural problems Shahab Rahimi Dated : seventeen day of May Two Thousand and Thirteen

This robotic project is my fifth year thesis which is selected as the best and most innovative thesis at USC. This “robot� weaves building components in regular and irregular pattern. The machine is engineered to weave carbon fiber in regular/irregular pattern and spray-cast it with resin on site. It can produce big and light structures.

To watch this robot in action, follow the link below: http://youtu.be/LA9l6ydL0-g

7 |8


MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY: CARBON FIBER

Cost of Carbon fiber vs. steel

Technical Carbon fiber is composed of carbon atoms bonded together to form a long chain. The fibers are extremely stiff, strong, and light, and are used in many processes to create excellent building materials. Carbon fiber material comes in a variety of “raw� building-blocks, including yarns, uni-directional, weaves, braids, and several others, which are in turn used to Properties The properties of a carbon fiber part are close to that of steel and the weight is close to that of plastic. Thus the strength to weight ratio (as well as stiffness to weight ratio) of a carbon fiber part is much higher than either steel or plastic. The specific details depend on the matter of construction of the part and the application.

Microstructure of MP carbon fiber

Flat-layer

Radial

Radial-folded

Onion-skin

Line-origin

Random


Carbon Fiber layer Vacuum Bag

Vacuum Line

Simplified Fabrication of Composites Mold

Fiber

Filler

Resin Resin

Mix

Heat, Pressure

Usable Form

Renewable Materials Sources and Process Energy EfďŹ ciency are Attracting More Attention Űł

Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy

With a simple foam mold and a brush, one can obtain CFRP parts that are visually appealing (but not with full mechanical performance). For full structural perfor-mance an autoclave can be necessary. Vacuum bagging can be sufficient for less demanding applications too. CF is generally available in woven sheets and forms a laminated structure that is anisotropic.

9 | 10


INTERPRETATION: In general, weaving involves using a loom to interlock two sets of threads at right angles to each other. The reputation of this makes this system irregular. This regularity is beautiful because it is uniform. The more exactly uniform their appearances were kept, the more pleasure the eye would receive. Regularity is not necessarily being symmetrical or the concept of copy pasting. It can have a regular system and logic but have an irreg-

Translating the form to codes: REPEAT 1234567 repeat 3 Expansion: 123456712345671234567 EXTEND 123 -> 8 Expansion: 12312312 123456787654321 -> 10 Expansion: 1234567876 BLOCK 1234 [] 2 Expansion: 11223344 34512 [] 23 Expansion: 334445511122 12345678 [] 87654321 Expansion: 111111112222222333333444445555666778 12 [] 123494321 Expansion: 1221112221111111112222111221 123 [] 1{12}3 Expansion: 1222222222222333 UPDOWN 1234 updown 5678 Expansion: 12345432345654345676545678 12 <>' 567 DOWNUP 1234 downup 5678 Expansion: 18765678121876781232187812343218 12 ><' 567

Starting Point (tie knot to anchor). Move in one direction

ROTATE 12345678 rotate 3 Expansion: 45678123 1-4-1 rotate -3 Expansion: 3211234 REVERSE 1-8 reverse Expansion: 87654321 1223334444555` Expansion: 5554444333221


Possible Weaving Pattern

11 | 12


Tectonic Elements The proto system being a mono-system has the capacity to integrated multiple scales and resolutions and functions. The tectonic aspects are addressed at two levels by the system, firstly at the spatial or programmatic level, providing space, structure and punctures and secondly at the performative level, providing micro infrastructure, embedded services and performative skin, 3 Machines


Invented an Automated Weaver Robot (AWR) that creates building components. To watch this robot in action, follow the link below: http://youtu.be/LA9l6ydL0-g

13 | 14


The ring It has 40 by infinity array that describes which points (on the left) are connected to which other point (across the top). A black cell indicates that the harness is connected for the corresponding

Tailor It is controlled by the codes generates the pattern.

to

Arduino A maximum of nine servo objects are being controlled. It recive codes from computer and runs all motors.


Arms There are a total of 3 arms to get the woven piece and shape and hold it for spraying process.

Spay 3 Sprays are working at the same time to cover the whole body with resin.

Lifter 2servos are lifting the body. It moves the robot up and down in the space.

15 | 16


You can change the logic of sequences by editing the warp and weft expressions in the weaving draft design window. To simplify the process, machin allows you to work in a pattern expression language.

A white cell means the point is not connected.During weaving, a black cell places the warp thread in front. A white cell places the weft thread in front. Only the thread that is in front is visible at that point in the weaving.

Sample of woven material with the automated robot.


17 | 18


CODE: // Constant int TailorDelay1=230 ; int TailorDegree =40; int RotationalSpeed = 30; // Constant int TailorDelay2=RANDOM ; int TailorDegree =RANDOM; int RotationalSpeed = 40; // Tailor 1,2 Tailor.write(90 + TailorDegree); Rotation.write(90 + RotationalSpeed); delay(TailorDelay1); ailor.write(90 - TailorDegree); Rotation.write(90 + RotationalSpeed); delay(TailorDelay2);

Carbon Fiber Tow 3K Carbon Fiber Tow 50K

Weaving Diagram: FIRST MATERIAL ,REPEAT 12345678 (NO 9 10) repeat 80 Expansion: 12345678__12345678__12345678__ ...


Material: Carbon Fiber, Spray-Casted

Meaning of Priniciple HOGARTH: whatever appears to be fit, and proper to answer great purposes, ever satisfies the mind, and pleases on that account. Uniformity is of this kind. We find it necessary, in some degree, to give the idea of rest and motion, without the possibility of falling. But when any such purposes can be as well effected by more irregular parts, the eye is always better pleased on the account of variety.

19 | 20


K-TOWN CENTER for the Performing Arts and Spa Relief

This project, located in Korea Town, serves as a center for the performing arts, a performance hall, and as a spa to the city. This project provides a link for the public, as well as a secondary common area for the performers. Located within the project, a main public garden unifies the school and the spa to create a sense of serenity, all the while preserving privacy for individual user groups.

21 | 22


Penetration

System


N OP

EN

SPA CE/

PAR K

-D

en s

ity

ING

Str

eet

+D

en sit

y

7th

S

Density

23 | 24


Structure- Generated in Revit

Vertival and horizantal Circulation


25 | 26


INVISIBLE BENCH The sensation I wanted to produce makes the user aware of the material heâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s interacting with. Invisibility as a movement/ deconstructivism, less materialistic.

Having a bench that is transparent makes one who sits on it seems weightless,creating an illusion of floating. As such the bench is no longer a static object, but rather, a part of its surrounding. Creadits: SHAHAB RAHIMI CHRISTIAN CHANDRA NICOLAS VALENCIA

27 | 28


Transparency - In colorless form acrylic plastic is as transparent as the finest optical glass. Its total white light transmittance is 92%, the highest transmittance physically possible of any material. Breakage Resistance - Acrylic sheet has from 6 to 17 times greater impact resistance than ordinary glass in thicknesses of .125" to .250". When it breaks, acrylic sheet reduces the hazard of injury as it breaks into large, relatively dull edged pieces due to the light weight of the material.

1

3

2


2’

2’

4’

6”

2’

18” 20”

4’

4’ 15”

STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS

GRAVITY

CORRUGATED METAL DEC K I NG PIPE JO I STS COMPOSITE PRE-FAB TRUSSE S CORRUG ATE D ME TAL DE C KING

STEEL PIPE SUPPOR TS

PI PE JOI ST S

CONCRETE FOUNDAT I O N

COMPOSI TE PRE -FAB T R US S E S STE E L PI PE SUPPO R T S STO NE CO L UMN CONCRE TE F O UNDATI O N

TYP. SCHOOL

TYP. DORM

L AT E R A L TRUSS BRACI NG STEEL PIPE SUPPOR TS

TRUSS BRACI NG STE E L PI PE SUPPO R T S WO O D JOI ST S

29 | 30


DESIGN PROCESS Iterations

Section

Elevation


31 | 32


The Kitwe Cradle evolved from the concept of two â&#x20AC;&#x153;barsâ&#x20AC;? of classrooms which define the perimeter of the site and cradle the clusters of housing units in between. The housing is designed around the concept of family units with an emphasis on creating homes rather than dormitories; there are beds for 168 children and 14 house-mothers, with room to expand for up to 216 children and 18 house-mothers. The orphanageâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s most iconic architectural feature is its expansive lightweight roof: a hard outer shell designed for passive environmental sustainabilty (shading, wind ventilation, and rainwater collection) with a soft canvas underside that celebrates the traditional art of Zambian batik and provides an opportunity for the children to engage with their cultural heritage.


Kitwe Cradel Orphanage in Kitwe, Zambia

A real Project with real Clients This project was founded through a non-profit organizatin .

SHAHAB RAHIMI | MINDY CURTIS | MEAGHAN POHL

33 | 34


STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS

GRAVITY

CORRUGATED M E TA L D E CK ING P IP E JO IS TS COMPOSITE PRE -FA B TRU S S E S STEEL PIP E S UP P OR TS CONCRETE F O U ND ATIO N

COR R UG ATE D ME TA L DE CKI NG P I P E J OI S T S COMP OS I TE P R E -FA B T R US S E S S TE E L P I P E S UP P O R T S S TO NE CO L U MN CONCR E TE F O UNDATI O N

TYP. SCHOOL

TYP. DORM

L AT E R A L TRU S S BRA CING STEEL P IP E S UP P OR TS TR US S B R A CI NG S TE E L P I P E S UP P O R T S WO O D J OI S T S

TYP. SCHOOL

TYP. DORM


TYP. SCHOOL

TYP. DORM

W IR E FA B RI C S U P P OR T S WI R E FA BRIC S UP P OR TS WO O D S LATS

M OVAB L E , MODU L A R WOOD PA NE L S

TYP. SCHOOL

TYP. DORM

WATER COLLECTION GUTTER

UPPER TANK

GRAVITY SYSTEM SHOWER

1% SLOPE

UNDERGROUND TANK

35 | 36


COMMUNITY STRUCTURE


6 CHILDREN PER BEDROOM

2 BEDROOMS + HOUSE MOTHER PER FAMILY

3-4 FAMILIES + REC ROOM PER COMMUNITY

4 COMMUNITIES IN THE VILLAGE 168 TOTAL STUDENTS, EXPANDABLE TO 216

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FRONT ELEVATION

Watercolor painting over computer generated rendering


FRONT ELEVATION FRONT ELEVATION 2 A2.1

J H D

N

K

E

B

Q

L

F

C

S R

M

G

V

P

U

O

T

A 1

1 A2.2

6.00 typ.

1

2

3

2

BATHROOMS

BATHROOMS

EASTERN HOUSING COMMUNITY

LOWER SCHOOL CLASSROOMS

3

4

4

UPPER SCHOOL CLASSROOMS

CENTRAL HOUSING COMMUNITY

5

5

WESTERN HOUSING COMMUNITY

6

6 6.00 typ.

7

7 3 A2.1

4 A2.1

THEATRE HALL

8

8 LOWER SCHOOL

6.00 typ.

9

6.00 typ.

9 HEALTH CLINIC

10

10 KITCHENS

11

GUEST HOUSING

CHURCH [EXISTING]

11

12

12 COMMUNITY GATHERING & DINING AREA

2 A2.2

13

14

RENOVATED ENTRY

MAIN ADMINISTRATION

6.00 typ.

13 LOWER SCHOOL ADMIN

14

1 A2.1

KI T W E C R A D L E

PROPERTY LINE

GARDENS / CROPS

OVERHEAD CENTER LINE NOTE: The existing dormitories in the church building to be replaced with a health clinic, guest housing, and storage as necessary

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA | SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | EUI-SUNG YI | 402C | FALL 2012

NOTE: The lower school athletic field fits a junior soccer field suitable for children under 10

Total of 40 sheets of construction drawings.

GROUND FLOOR PLAN 1:200

A1.1

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Physical Model Scale 1:150


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st. james' episcopal school Los Angeles This project is located in Korea town, Los Angeles. This prefabricated school is designed by DSH architecture. During my employment at this firm, I was involved in this project from schematic design all the way to construction phase. 3D model, renderings and some construction drawings for city approval are produced by me. Address: 625 S. Gramercy Place Los Angeles, CA 90020 Web Site: http://sjsla.org/ DSH Architecture 3540 Wilshire Boulevard number 605 Los Angeles California 90010 213 386 5955 phone

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Program: School Grades: Preschool through Grade Six Enrollment: 360 Students Boy to Girl Ratio: 1:1 Average Class Size: 22 Student to Adult Ratio: 11:1 625 S. Gramercy Place Los Angeles, CA 90020

City Approved Floor Plan


Building after construction, Fall 2012 .

45 | 46


UNDERGROUND TANK

SHAHAB RAHIMI Los Angeles, CA +1 310 936 9023 srahimi@usc.edu


Shahab Rahimi Architecture I Design