The Future of Memories
The First “Class” Photograph
To The Nines
Family At School
The Friends Album Goes Home
The Healing Brush
The Golden Rule Album
Prom & Corsage
Behind The Camera
Painting A Life History
A Little Class
Miss Golden Rule Days
How Will You Know
On The Cover A graduate of the Indiana Common Schools
Questions & Answers Their Beginnings
George Kendall Warren
School Photo Souvenirs
Teacher & Student
In Every Issue From My Keyboard
Letter from the editor
The Last Picture Show
The graphic image on the back of a carte-de-visite or cabinet card
Download The Magazine
All photographs that not credited are in the collection of footnoteMaven.
contributors PENELOPE DREADFUL
Penelope Dreadful is the alter ego of Denise Levenick. Denise authors the blog, The Family Curator and gives us something “Dreadful” every month.
Janine is the new author of The Healing Brush Column. She also owns Landailyn Research & Restoration and is an award winning restorationist.
Denise is the author of The Future of Memories Column. She also writes the blog Family Matters and experiments with her iPad
Sheri writes The Year Was . . . Column. She also authors the blog The Educated Genealogist.
Caroline is the In2Genealogy Columnist. She is also the author of the Family Stories blog.
Maureen is author of the “To The Nines” column. Well-known as the Photo Detective she has authored many books on family history and photography.
Craig authors the Appealing Subjects column. He also writes the blog Geneablogie.
Maven edits Shades Of The Departed The Magazine. She also writes the blog footnoteMaven and Shades of the Departed.
From the Editor
"School Days" ("When We Were a Couple of Kids") Cover, sheet music, 1907
Courtesy of Library of Congress
Samuel F.B. Morse (1791-1882), the distinguished looking gentleman to the left, is best known as an artist and inventor of the telegraph. But were you also aware he is known as the father of “American Photography?”
The First “Class”
Quarter Plate Daguerreotype of a Woman Telegrapher
And its story!
6 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Daguerreotype of Louis Daguerre in 1844 by Jean-Baptiste Sabatier-Blot WikiMedia
Le Dyorama, an engraving by Marlet of Daguerre’s Diorama, 1824. www.dwellstudio.com
"M. Daguerre appointed yesterday at noon to see my telegraph. He came, and passed more than an hour with me, expressing himself highly gratiﬁed at its operation. But while he was thus employed, the great building of the Diorama, with his own house, all his beautiful works, his valuable notes and papers, the labor of years of experiment, were, unknown to him, at that moment becoming the prey of the ﬂames. His secret indeed is still safe with him, but the steps of his progress in the discovery, and his valuable researches in science are lost to the scientiﬁc world."
Engraving of Daguerre’s Diorama. A Diorama was a display of large paintings and photographs on thin canvas with the light shining from behind. Daguerre was an artist who produced theatrical backgrounds.
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 7
8 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
This is a copy of the class photograph taken from Photography in America: The Formative Years 1839-1900, A Documentary History, (1978) by William Welling. An excellent reference. Welling lists the source of the photograph as in the private unpublished collection of Mrs. Joseph Carson of Philadelphia. In 1996, the Library of Congress acquired the Marian S. Carson Collection numbering more than 10,000 American manuscripts, broadsides, pamphlets, photographs, prints and drawings, dating from before the Revolution to the end of the 19th century. A search of the Library of Congress did not uncover the photograph. However, I felt this a photograph that had to be seen to
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Carolina Digital Lib. & Archives.
understand the beginnings of class group photography.
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 9
THE FUTURE OF MEMORIES
painting a life history DOCUMENTING A CAREER AT SEA BY DENISE BARRETT OLSON
Capt. William H. Barrett, Jr.
10 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Postcard of the USS National Defender sent from Capt. Barrett.
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 11
12 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 13
TO THE NINES
school days A LITTLE CLASS MAUREEN TAYLOR
14 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 15
16 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Hillâ€™s Manual 1887
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 17
18 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 19
20 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 21
22 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Penelope Dreadfulâ€™s School Photograph A thespian at heart.
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 23
THE HEALING BRUSH
graduation day A GELATIN SILVER PRINT BY JANINE SMITH
24 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Inset of larger photograph
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 25
26 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 27
28 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 29
30 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 31
Mr. Moulthrop advertised â€œThe largest Camera in the State, affords remarkable facilities for taking group pictures and large heads by the instantaneous process.â€? Yale Banner, 1881
32 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Left: The author in Kindergarten. Can you identify me? Opposite Page Top: : Hazel Harris (Great Grandmother Holding Sign) - Maple Grove School, Bourbon County, Kansas - 29 April 1911 Middle: Garnett High School, Anderson County, Kansas, 1930, Darrell Kenneth Skillman - Second row knelling - fourth from left striped sweater. Bottom: Seniors Garnett High School, Anderson County, Kansas, 1934, Mary Ellen Harris. Back row of girls second from right. Below: Mummy Dahling, front row, sixth from left with bow James Madison School Kindergarten Pasadena, Los Angeles County, California Miss Kester Teacher,1943
34 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
A PICTURE’S WORTH
A FACE STUDY BY MISSY CORLEY
36 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 37
38 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 39
40 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 41
42 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 43
44 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Ellis Burton Wilson
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 45
46 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
St. Nicholas Magazine April, 1921
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 47
Miss Golden Rule Days
Photo In The Collection Of footnoteMaven
Great Grandma Is A Centerfold
Miss Golden Rule Days is a Graduation Photograph; graduate with diploma, corsage, and a basket of flowers. Cabinet card by Edwin & Winans, Onconta, N.Y. Successor to Mereness & Winans. While we may enjoy looking at the lovely young woman, we canâ€™t celebrate her accomplishment as her family failed to identify her, the date, or what graduation she celebrated. Mores the pity.
50 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
School Arts, 1915
The Golden Rule Album Surely it would give us a sense of space if we could see clearly a little further behind us. Would it not be a good plan if every family appointed a historiographer. The Living Age, 1913
This is an absolutely amazing quarter plate ambrotype with original seals measuring approximately 3.25 x 4.25 inches in very good condition. Itâ€™s last known place of origin was south central New Hampshire. It is offered for sale by Theprimitivefold on eBay for $1,499.99. The ambrotype also includes a handwritten note by one of the young girls. I so hope it goes to a good home, a home where it is shared for educational purposes.
54 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Music Class A handsome class of musicians who obviously use the Tone Touch Technic. This is a card mounted photograph whose card has deteriorated to the point that the information for the photographer is missing.
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 55
This is one of the most poignant photographs in the album. There are no student names, no school name and the photographer isnâ€™t known. The photograph was probably captured by an itinerant photographer or a local amateur. It is the inscription that attracted me to the photograph. My ďŹ rst school, I was 16, as was the third boy from my right.
Left and Opposite: Another r ural photograph probably taken by an itinerant photographer. It appears the children knew the photographer was coming, fancy hats and jackets, some Sunday best, but contrast the number of little bare feet. No shoes, but at least they were in school.
56 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 57
Above: The girls of Mrs. Bryant’s Somewhere in the photograph is Sophie Beckwith. But where? Card Mounted Photograph No photographer identiﬁcation
Learn one thing new everyday. The Mentor, 1918.
58 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Individual Student Photographs Student photographs taken at school in front of a black backdrop.
A sales tool sent to the teacher in 1932. Students could purchase individual photos of the entire class in a pocket size booklet. Unknown students. Unknown photographer.
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 59
Carte-de-Visite Lillian Atherton Smith & Bousley, Salem, Mass. Salem Normal School in Salem, MA. 1875
Right: Leigh Hanchie Class 1896 Armstrong Studio 7 Main Street, Watertown
60 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
University of Oregon Libraries - Special Collections and University Archives
Carte-de-Visite Penmanship Class Unknown
“Dixie Queens” - Two young girls eating lunch. Lane County, Oregon. Roy Andrews, 1912
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 61
School Outing - Flags Baseballs, Bats & Baseball Hats The Steps of Carnegie Hall NYC - ca. 1906 Mavenâ€™s Grandmother Lillian Salter
62 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
The F. Gutenkunst Co. 1700 N. Broad 712 Arch, Phil. Pa. USA ca. 1893-1900
Sorority Sisters? Certainly taken in the style of sorority photographs of the time. Beautiful photograph with no identiﬁcation.
A May Day Celebration in one of Carnegie Hall’s Classrooms Maven’s Uncle Edward J. Greene, Jr.
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 63
Football Captain above Varsity Football Team right Yale University Yearbook, 1913
Girls Basketball Team, 1901 Northern Illinois University
Two young men simulate a game of football in a photographerâ€™s studio. While the uniforms are quite different from those of today, it is the shoes that caught my attention. Ballet anyone? Miller, Ashland, Penna.
Yale's four-oared crew team with 1876 Centennial Regatta trophy
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 65
Can you imagine playing basketball in the above costume. Vassar College Archives 1896 Class Women’s Basketball Team
The ﬁrst women’s intercollegiate basketball game was between Cal and Stanford, April 4, 1896. Stanford beat Cal 2-1in a game played in San Francisco.
66 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Unknown Hall, Meriden Conn. ca. 1900 Inscription: Thought To Be Head Teacher Meriden School
Teachers Teacherâ€™s Creed I believe in boys and girls, the men and women of a great tomorrow; that whatsoever the boy soweth the man shall reap. I believe in the curse of ignorance, in the efficacy of schools. In the dignity of teaching, and in the joy of serving others. I believe in wisdom as revealed in human lives as well as in the pages of a printed book, in lessons taught, not so much by precept as by example, in ability to work with the hands as well as to think with the head, in everything that makes life large and lovely. I believe in beauty in the school-room, in the home, in daily life in and out of doors. I believe in laughter, in love, in faith, in all ideals and distant hopes that lure us on. I believe that every hour of every day we receive a just reward for all we are and all we do. I believe in the present and its opportunities, in the future and its promises and in the divine joy of living. Amen. Edwin Osgood Grover 68 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Marion Royce, Student Jennie Morgan, Teacher Boston Bank Note & Lithâ€™o Co.
Faculty of Park College 1903-04 All identiďŹ ed Photographer Unknown Card Mounted Photograph
Opposite Page Bottom Right: Frances E. Willard Veeder, Albany, New York Willard appointed president of Northwestern Female College in 1871. When it merged with the Northwestern University, she became college dean and professor of esthetics.
Reward Of Merit To Bruce Davenport From F. A. Bouham
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 69
1916 Graduates of Holsey Academy Graduating Ministers and Teachers Cordele, Ga.
The Crisis, July 1916 Photographed by The Holsey Academy, Cordele, Ga.
Graduation Class Group Photographs
Unknown Unknown Photographer Inscription Verso: Graduating Class in Arenzville, Ill. Auntie at left (Note - poor Auntie is the one with the ink X on her head.)
70 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Ambrotype/Tintype ﬁling series (Library of Congress) Liljenquist Family
Individual Graduate Cap and Gown
Top Right: Unusual side proﬁle Card Mounted Photograph Ruth Hinman’s Maternal Grandfather’s older sister. Jeannette Reed. who lived to be 101 years old.
Card Mounted Photograph Unknown Leo H. Dresser, Winﬁeld, Kans. ca. 1900 Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 71
The Cap and Gown In America, 1896.
Above: Cabinet Card Unknown I.M. Moll 222 W. Main St. Norristown, PA
Cabinet Card Unknown Blessing & Co. Baltimore, MD ca. 1880-1904 72 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Individual Graduate With Diploma Graduates appear with cap and gown— sometimes—but, alas, without the diploma which was, likely as not, left on the table at home . The obliging photographer supplies a diploma—ribbon and all. Abel's Photographic Weekly. 1922.
Unknown Ninth Plate Embossed Colorized Tintype J. H. Pope’s Premium Gallery Baltimore ca. 1860s
Left: Unknown Real Photo Postcard Surry Studio Wenatchee, Wa. ca. 1913-1918 Inscription Verso: Grandpa’s Racus
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 73
Diploma cont. Emma Everson Fermann Stoughton, Wis. Date Unknown Inscription Versa: Luthera Kasberg, Please send yours in return, as you forgot it Sat. evening.
Right: Pensive young woman with diploma and bouquet Card Mounted Photograph Montfort, Handel Hall, 40 E. Randolph St. Chicago ca. 1900
74 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Diploma cont. Left: A young man and his diploma. P.M. Kinder, Art Gallery Akron, Ind.
Right: A young woman standing on a box with her diploma. She may have been standing on the box to raise her to the level of the background. Colorized Card Mounted Photograph No photographer information
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 75
Indiana State Normal School at Terre Haute. ISNS was founded in 1865, but did not open its door until 1870. "Normal," or teacher education, schools and colleges. 1900 Yearbook.
Cover of the 1907 Indiana State Normal School Catalog. Read more about the history of ISNS here - http:// www.people.iup.edu/mcdevitt/ ch2p1.pdf
76 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
University of Southern California El Rodeo 1910
Henry Ossian Flipper was the ďŹ rst African American to graduate from the U.S. Military Academy (West Point). Born March 21, 1856, in Thomasville, Georgia, Flipper was the son of Festus Flipper and his wife Isabelle, both of whom were slaves.
WEST POINT CLASS OF 1882 C. W. MCIVER ALBUM This beautiful album is for sale on eBay for $4,999.93 by alleghenyantiques.
West Point cadets started the practice of wearing gold class rings in 1835.
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 77
Sunday School Photographs
78 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
W. Ga r la ernard n of B The C ollectio
The ďŹ rst national Sunday School effort in America began in 1824.
Unknown The Ideal Photo Studio 476 Temple Street Opposite Temple Place Boston, Mass. 1895
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 79
80 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
â€œProm Girlâ€? Illustration Hamiltonian 1898
When did the custom of proms begin in America?
Pictures of student life at Yale, 1779-1988 (inclusive). Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University 1918
A group of Yale Students and their dates at prom 1918.
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 81
This 1909 University of Montana Junior Prom dance card shows our young woman danced to the Waltz, the Two Step, the Three Step, and the Barn Dance for a total of twenty-four dances played by the H. H. Shanderâ€™s Orchestra.
82 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Filling Out A Dance Card
Dressed For Prom?
Are these young women on their
events and a prom was certainly a life
way to Prom? Their costume
event, but unless our ancestors were
suggests a formal occasion. The dress,
vigilant in documenting an event on
the corsage, the gloves, fan and
the photograph or our young woman
handkerchief were all appropriate to a
has her tiny dance card in her hand
prom. But they might also be
we can only speculate.
appropriate to a debutant ball, and perhaps even a wedding. These are expensive studio portraits indicating the importance of the
Do you have an early identified prom photograph in your family? Weâ€™d love to see them. Send an email to email@example.com with your photograph and all the particulars.
event. Photographs memorialized life Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 83
84 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 85
Yearbooks and their beginnings
rren, . Wa ge K Geor 149.01. .0 2003
George Kendall Warren
The inventor of the photoillustrated college yearbook.
. Mc ge W Geor
Inscription: “Photographically I am Yours My Dear McNeel. Geo. Kendall Warren. Lowell Mass. Dec. 1859”
bo Year rren,
a K. W -60,
H ca NMA num ber
86 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 87
Harvard Photographic Yearbook 1870 Photographer - George K. Warren Richard Theodore Greener, Harvard College's ďŹ rst black graduate and the ďŹ rst black graduate of a toptier university (Slater, "The Blacks who First Entered the World of White Higher Education" p. 48-9).
88 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Cornell University Library, Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art
View of Harvard and Radcliffe, the Delta, Cambridge, Massachusetts George K. Warren, ca. 1862 Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 89
A Good Read From Smithsonianeducation.org - a yearbook from 1860, (featured in Behind The Camera) complete with farewell messages from classmates. The yearbook’s owner was a Texan at Rutgers College in New Jersey, a scion of a plantation family who would go on to die for the Confederacy. On close study, the messages from his mostly northern classmates reveal much about the complexities of the “brothers’ war.”
90 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
92 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
how will you know YOU MUST LOOK! BY CAROLINE POINTER
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 93
PLACES TO LOOK
94 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 95
96 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 97
98 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
TYPES OF RECORDS, DOCUMENTS, INFORMATION, AND EPHEMERA TO LOOK FOR
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 99
100 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 101
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 103
104 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 105
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 107
108 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 109
my ilibrary BY DENISE BARRETT OLSON
Sample annotations in GoodReader with the tools displayed. Screenshot by the author.
110 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
A look at the tools available in GoodReader’s ﬁle management facility. Screenshot by the author.
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 111
A look at a Wikipedia article as displayed in the Discover app. Screenshot by the author.
112 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Library Before The iPad
School Photo Souvenirs WHEN THIS YOU SEE REMEMBER ME
114 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Preston School, Preston, WA
Advertisements for teacher souvenirs appeared in all magazines marketed to schools and teachers.
Missouri School Journal 1899
116 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Thomas Public School District No. 13 North Twp., Marshall County, Indiana Pearle Bondurant, Teacher 1907
School Is Out Student Post Card With Photograph 1916 T. C. Wilson
Cabinet Card Wendell Printing Co. known for the printing of Remembrance Cards. John A. Logan, Teacher, 1904
Reward of Merit To William C. Whitney - From M. J. Horner 1859
Produced By Fenner Brothers William & Charles Lima, Ohio Mary B. Goble, Teacher, 1901
Two 1899 Teacher Souvenirs, the oldest in my collection. Left: Nellie E. Brainerd Primary Room LaFayette, Illinois Right: Mary A. Jackson School District No. 55 West Carns Neb.
Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 119
The School Journal, 1910
120 Shades MAGAZINE | Golden Rule Days 2013
Cops & Robbers
THE LAST PICTURE SHOW
an D Mr. Ev
Born: June 23, 1849, Myrthur Tydville, Wales Married: July 1873, Anna L. Reed Died: July 14, 1916, Erie, PA
Glenwood Hotel and Dancing Hall on Cayuga Lake, August 1910
Photographer Evan D. Evans was born in Wales but emigrated to the United States when he was twelve. He established a photography studio in Corning, New York, in 1874. In 1881, a devastating ﬁre destroyed his gallery in Corning and he then moved to Ithaca and opened the University Art Gallery where, until at least 1901, he specialized in portraits of Cornell students. The "Evans University Art Gallery" became the ofﬁcial photographer for Cornell College class books and other college publications. Evans achieved renowned success for his portraiture work due to the many thousands of students who came from around the country to study at Cornell University. Outside of photography, Mr. Evans built and owned one of the ﬁnest summer hotels and grounds in Central N. Y., called the Glenwood Hotel. (See photo above.)