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‫ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﻮﺑﻴﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺢ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﻟﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﲑ ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺷـــــﺎﻋﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳـــــﻮﻝ‬

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‫ﺇﻓﺘﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﳓﻤﺪﻩ ‪,‬ﻭﻧﺴﺘﻌﲔ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻧﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮﻩ ‪,‬ﻭﻧﻌﻮﺫ ﺑﺎﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮﻭﺭ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺳﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻨﺎ ‪,‬ﻣﻦ ﻳﻬﺪﻩ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻼ ﻣ‪‬ﻀِﻞ ﻟﻪ ‪,‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﻳﻀﻠﻞ ﻓﻠﻦ ﲡﺪ ﻟﻪ ﻭﻟﻴ‪‬ﺎﹰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺷﺪﺍﹰ ‪,‬ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻻ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻟﻪ ‪,‬ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﳏﻤﺪﺍﹰ ﻋﺒﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ‪,‬ﻭﺻﻔﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﻭﺧﻠﻴﻠﻪ ‪,‬ﺑﻠﱠﻎ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ ‪,‬ﻭﺃﺩﻯ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻧﺔ ‪,‬ﻭﻧﺼﺢ‬

‫ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ‪,‬ﻓﻜﺸﻒ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻐﻤﺔ ‪,‬ﻭﳏﻰ ﺍﻟﻈﻠﻤﺔ‪,‬ﻭﺟﺎﻫﺪ ﰲ ﺍﷲ ﺣﻖ ﺟﻬﺎﺩﻩ ﺣﱴ ﺁﺗﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻘﲔ ‪,‬ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻋﻴﺴﻰ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺮﱘ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ‪ ,‬ﻭﻛﻠﻤﺘﻪ ﺃﻟﻘﺎﻫﺎ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺮﱘ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺡ ﻣﻨﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ‪:‬‬

‫ﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤــﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ‬

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻤﻠﺔ ﺃﺣﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺣﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻘﺮﺃ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﺧﻮﺓ ﻭ ﺍﻷﺧﻮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﺎﺕ‪..‬ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺍﻷﺻﺪﻗﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﲔ ﺍﶈﺘﺮﻣﲔ‪..‬‬

‫ﻋﺪﺕ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻟﻜﻲ ﺃﻗﺪﻡ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻴﺴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺃﺭﺟﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻴﺪﻧﺎ – ﳓﻦ ﻛﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ – ﻭ ﺗﻔﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ‪...‬‬ ‫ﻧﻌﻢ‪ ..‬ﺍﳍﺪﻑ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻫﻲ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﳊﻖ‪..‬ﻭﺍﳋﻼﺹ‪..‬ﻭﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻷﺑﺪﻳﺔ‪..‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﻟﻜﻦ ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﲔ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻮﺙ ﻭ ﲝﻮﺙ ﺍﻹﺧﻮﺓ‬

‫ﻟﻴﺲ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﻳﻘﺮﺅﻭ‪‬ﺎ‪..‬ﻛﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺮﻱ‪..‬ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﲝﺎﺙ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ ﻣﺼﺒﺎﺡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺑﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻨﲑ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ‪.....‬ﺃﺭﺟﻮﺍ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻭﺍ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

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‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺇﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻠﻲ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﻮﺑﻴﺘﻴﺔ ) ﺳﻨﻌﺮﻑ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ ( ﻭ ﰲ ﺿﻴﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ‪..‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‬

‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻔﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻗﻀﻴﺔ ﻭﺣﻲ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ‪..‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻛﻠﻪ‬

‫ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺴﺮﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺳﻨﻀﺤﻚ ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ‪..‬ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﺑﺎﳌﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﺔ ‪..‬‬ ‫ﻟﻦ ﺃﻃﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‪ .‬ﺃﺗﺮﻛﻜﻢ ﺗﺴﺘﻤﺘﻌﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺤﺚ ‪.‬ﺃﺭﺟﻮﺍ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺠﺎﺑﻜﻢ‪..‬ﻭ ﺃﺳﺄﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭ ﺟﻞ ﺃﻥ ﳚﻌﻠﻪ ﰲ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺣﺴﻨﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻭ ﺭﲪﺔ ﺍﷲ‬

‫ﺗﻮﻗﻴﻊ ‪ :‬ﺷـــﺎﻋﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳـــﻮﻝ‬

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‫ﺳﻨﺒﺪﺃ ﲝﻤﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻭﻝ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻭ ﻫﻲ ﻧﺴﻒ ﺍﻷﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ – ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ – ﻛﻼﻡ ﻣﻮﺣﻰ ﺑﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﻓﻀﻴﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻠﻲ ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺘﺰﻭﻳﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ‬‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮﺓ ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﺘﻄﺮﻕ ﺇﱃ ﻧﺼﲔ ﻣﻬﻤﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‪ .‬ﻳﺴﺘﺪﻝ ‪‬ﻤﺎ‬

‫ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﻮﻥ ﻟﻴﻘﻮﻟﻮﺍ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮﻭﺍ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﻛﺘﺒﻮﺍ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺱ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﳍﻲ‪..‬‬ ‫ﻭﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻇﻦ ﻓﻬﺬﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﲔ ﳘﺎ ﺍﻻﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻻ ﰲ ﺇﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﰊ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﺘﻄﺮﻕ ﻟﻠﻜﻞ ﻧﺺ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺪﻯ‪..‬ﻭﻧﺒﺪﺃ ﺑﺄﻭﻝ ﻧﺺ ‪..‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﻷﻧﻪ ﱂ ﺗﺄﺕ ﻧﺒﻮﺓ ﻗﻂ ﲟﺸﻴﺌﺔ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺑﻞ ﺗﻜﻠﻢ ﺃﻧﺎﺱ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﺴﻮﻥ ﻣﺴﻮﻗﲔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺱ) ‪ 2‬ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ‪(21: 1‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ‪.‬ﺍﻹﺻﺤﺎﺡ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ‪.‬ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ‪:‬‬

‫" ﻷﻧﻪ ﱂ ﺗﺄﺕ ﻧﺒﻮﺓ ﻗﻂ ﲟﺸﻴﺌﺔ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺑﻞ ﺗﻜﻠﻢ ﺃﻧﺎﺱ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﺴﻮﻥ ﻣﺴﻮﻗﲔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺱ "‬

‫ﻻﺣﻈﺘﻢ ﺃﱐ ﻭ ﺿﻌﺖ ﻛﻠﻤﺘﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻮﻥ ﺍﻷﲪﺮ ﳘﺎ ‪ :‬ﻧﺒﻮﺓ – ﺗﻜﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ؟ ﻷﻥ ﻫﺬﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺘﲔ ﳘﺎ ﺍﻟﻠﺘﲔ ﺗﺸﺮﺡ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻭ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺮﺡ ﺳﻮﻑ ﺃﻭﻻ ﻧﻠﻘﻲ ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺘﲔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺘﲔ ﰲ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻦ ﺃﻗﺪﻡ ﺍﳌﺨﻄﻮﻃﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪:‬ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺗﻴﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﰒ ﻧﻌﻮﺩ ﻟﻠﻨﻨﺎﻗﺶ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ‪..‬‬

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Codex Sinaiticus: GA01_122a

Codex Vaticanus: GA03_103a

‫ﺍﻵﻥ ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﺮﻯ ﻫﺎﺗﲔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺘﲔ ﻣﻦ‬.‫ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﺊ‬ ..‫ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﺳﺘﺮﻭﻧﻎ‬

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‫‪ = Προφητεία‬ﺑﺮوﻓﯿﺘﺎﯾﺎ‬ ‫‪4394‬‬ ‫‪propheteia prof-ay-ti'-ah from 4396‬‬ ‫‪("prophecy"); prediction (scriptural or‬‬ ‫‪other):--prophecy, prophesying.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺒﺆ ) ﺩﻳﲏ ﺃﻭ ﻏﲑﻩ( ‪ : --‬ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻮﺀﺓ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﻨﺒﺄﻭﻥ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ = λαλέω = ἐλάλησαν‬ﻻ ﻟﯿﻮ‬ ‫‪2980‬‬ ‫‪laleo lal-eh'-o a prolonged form of an‬‬ ‫‪otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, i.e. utter‬‬ ‫‪words:--preach, say, speak (after), talk, tell,‬‬ ‫‪utter.‬‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ‪ ،‬ﺃﻱ ﺑﻌﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻳﻨﻄﻖ ‪ : --‬ﺍﻟﻮﻋﻆ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﻜﻠﻢ( ﺑﻌﺪ)‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ‪ ،‬ﺃﻗﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﻳﻨﻄﻖ‬ ‫ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﺭﻛﺰﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺘﲔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺘﲔ ﺑﺬﺍﺕ ؟؟ ﻷ‪‬ﺎ ﺗﺒﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﻤﻠﺔ ‪..‬ﻫﻞ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭ ﲟﺎ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﻣﻜﺘﻮﺑﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺱ ؟ﻅ‪..‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺣﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﲔ ﻭﺿﻌﻪ ﻟﻠﻨﺺ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ ﻏﲑ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻭ ﻏﲑ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ‪..‬‬

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‫ﺃﻭﻻ ﻟﻨﺮﻯ ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺑﻂ ‪ : 20-1-‬ﻋﺎﳌﲔ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺃﻭﻻ‪ :‬ﺃﻥ ﻛﻞ ﻧﺒﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺧﺎﺹ‪،‬‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺑﻂ ‪ : 21-1-‬ﻷﻧﻪ ﱂ ﺗﺄﺕ ﻧﺒﻮﺓ ﻗﻂ ﲟﺸﻴﺌﺔ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻞ ﺗﻜﻠﻢ ﺃﻧﺎﺱ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﺴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻮﻗﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺱ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻﺣﻈﻮﺍ ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻗﺎﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪ >> 21‬ﻛﻞ ﻧﺒﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ << ‪..‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻧﺒﻮﺓ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪..‬ﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻮﺓ ؟؟ ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﻻ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﳛﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻮﺍﺕ‪..‬ﳓﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻧﺆﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺣﺮﻑ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻻﺯﺍﻝ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﻖ‬ ‫‪..‬ﻫﻞ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻧﺒﻮﺍﺕ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﺔ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻐﲑ ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﻒ ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬

‫؟؟‪.‬ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﻻ‪..‬ﺯﺍﺋﺪ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺃﻧﻪ ﱂ ﺗﺄﰐ ﻧﺒﻮﺓ‪ ..‬ﻧﺒﻮﺓ‪ ..‬ﻧﺒﻮﺓ‪..‬ﻭﱂ ﻳﻘﻞ ﺍﳒﻴﻞ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺮ ﺑﻞ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻧﺒﻮﺓ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻘﺼﺪ ﻧﺒﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﱘ‪..‬ﰒ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺑﻞ‬

‫ﺗﻜﻠﻢ‪..‬ﺗﻜﻠﻢ‪..‬ﺗﻜﻠﻢ‪..‬ﱂ ﻳﻘﻞ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺑﻞ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻜﻠﻢ‪..‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻓﺮﻕ ﺑﲔ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ‪..‬ﻭﺧﲑ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻫﻮ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻮﺣﻨﺎ ﺍﳌﻌﻤﺪﺍﻥ ﺗﻨﺒﺄ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺳﻴﺄﰐ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻪ ‪...‬ﺇﱁ‪.‬ﻓﻬﻞ ﻛﺘﺐ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻮﺓ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ؟؟ ﻭ ﺣﱴ ﻳﺴﻮﻉ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺗﻨﺒﺎ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﳊﻖ ﻓﻬﻞ ﻛﺘﺒﻪ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ؟؟‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ ﻫﻮ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﱘ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻮﺍﺕ‪..‬ﻭﱂ ﻳﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻜﺘﻮﺏ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻭﺡ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺱ ‪..‬ﺳﻮﺍﺀ ﺍﻻﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻭ ﻏﲑﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻱ ﺩﺍﻋﻲ ﺑﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﻞ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺱ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﺍﻹﳍﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﻏﲑ ﺫﺍﻙ‪.‬‬

‫ﺃﻇﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻌﲎ ﻭﺍﺿﺢ ﻭ ﻻ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﻟﺘﻌﻘﻴﺪ ﺍﻻﻣﻮﺭ ﻭ ﲢﻤﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻣﺎ ﻻ‬ ‫ﳛﺘﻤﻞ‪..‬ﻓﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﻫﻴﺔ‪ ..‬ﻭﺍﻫﻴﺔ‪ ..‬ﻭﺍﻫﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

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‫‪ -2‬ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﻮﺣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ ) ﺗﻴﻤﻮﺛﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ‪(16 :3‬‬

‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﺃﻗﻮﻯ ﻭ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ ﻧﺺ ﻳﺴﺘﺪﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ – ﻭﲟﺎ‬

‫ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ – ﻫﻲ ﻣﻮﺣﻰ ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ‪..‬ﻭﲝﻤﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﻔﻨﻴﺪ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﺗﻔﻨﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺎﻣﻼ‪.‬ﻭﻧﺒﺪﺃ ﺃﻭﻻ ﺑﺎﳌﺨﻄﻮﻃﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻧﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﻧﺮﻯ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻯ ﺻﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺀﺓ ‪:‬‬

‫‪Codex Sinaiticus : GA01_097b‬‬

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Codex Alexandrinus : GA02_125a

‫ﻭﺍﳌﺨﻄﻮﻃﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ‬..‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻣﻦ ﳐﻄﻮﻃﺘﲔ ﳘﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺃﺩﺍﺓ‬...‫ ﻛﻞ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬: ‫ ﻭﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺮﲨﺘﻬﺎ‬Pasa Graphe :

: ‫ﻭﻟﻨﺮﻯ ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﺳﺘﺮﻭﻧﻎ ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‬..‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬

‫=ﻛﻞ‬G3956

pas pas Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole: - all (manner of, means) alway (-s), any (one), X daily, + ever, every (one, way), as many as, + no (thing), X throughly, whatsoever, whole, whosoever

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‫‪= G1124‬ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫̄‪graphe‬‬ ‫'‪graf-ay‬‬ ‫‪a document, that is, holy Writ (or its‬‬ ‫‪contents or a statement in it): - scripture‬‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﺘﺒﲔ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳉﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺃﻗﺪﻡ ﺍﳌﺨﻄﻮﻃﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺃﺻﺤﻬﺎ ﻫﻲ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻮﺣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ‪.‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﱄ‪...‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﻓﻜﺮﺍ ﻳﻘﺒﻠﻪ ﻛﻞ ﻋﺎﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ ﺃﻱ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﻮﺣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻬﻮ ﺃﻛﻴﺪ ﺻﺎﱀ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‪..‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺺ‪.‬‬

‫ﻗﺪ ﻳﺪﻋﻲ ﺃﺣﺪﻫﻢ ﻭ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﻨﺎ ﺗﻌﲏ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﱘ ﻭ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ –‬

‫ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﲟﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ‪. -‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻧﺮﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﺒﺴﺎﻃﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﻣﺴﻴﺤﻴﲔ ‪:‬‬

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‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻳﻜﻔﻲ؟ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﻭﺗﻘﺪﱘ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﺎ ﺭﺍﻓﺎﺋﻴﻞ ﺍﻷﺳﻘﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪54‬‬

‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻘﺮﺅﻭﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﺍﳌﻠﻮﻧﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﺻﻔﺮ ﺃﻥ ﺑﻮﻟﺲ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻜﻠﻢ‬

‫ﺗﻴﻤﻮﺛﺎﻭﺱ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﱘ ﻭ ﱂ ﻳﻘﺺ ﻣﻄﻠﻘﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ‪.‬ﻭﻳﻌﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﻠﻮﻧﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﺧﻀﺮ ﺃﻧﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺇﻋﺘﻤﺪﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻮﺣﻰ ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺈﻧﻨﺎ – ﻭﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻠﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻷﺯﺭﻕ – ﻟﻦ ﻧﺴﺘﺒﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺴﻲ‬

‫ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﺑﻞ ﺳﻨﺴﺘﺒﻌﺪ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ – ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻠﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻮﻥ ﺍﻷﺻﻔﺮ – ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ‬

‫ﻛﻠﻪ‪..‬ﻛﻠﻪ‪..‬ﻛﻠﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻌﲏ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻹﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻓﺴﻮﻑ ﺗﺆﻣﻦ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﱘ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺘﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺴﻲ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ ﻛﻠﻪ ﲟﺎ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌﺔ !!‬

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‫ﺍﳋﻠﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﳊﻀﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ ‪ ,‬ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ ‪ .‬ﻛﺮﻳﺞ ﺱ‪.‬ﻛﻴﻨﺮ ‪ .‬ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪81‬‬

‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻮﺣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺗﻴﻤﻮﺛﺎﻭﺱ ﰲ ﺫﺍﻙ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﱘ ﻓﻘﻂ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭ ﺃﺿﻴﻒ ﺭﺩ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺗﻌﲏ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ ﻛﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ ‪:‬‬

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‫ﺃﻇﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﻗﺪ ﺇﺗﻀﺢ‪..‬ﺑﻮﻟﺲ ﱂ ﻳﻘﺼﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻞ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﱘ‪..‬‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺩﻟﺔ ﻛﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻭ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻟﻨﻘﺮﺃ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﻷﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ‪:‬‬

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‫‪Toward Rediscovering the Old Testament by Walter C. Kaiser – p:27‬‬

‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‪:‬‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻫﻮ >> ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ <<‪ .‬ﺟﺮﺍﻓﺎ‪ .‬ﻟﻜﻦ ﳝﻜﻦ ﻓﻬﻤﻪ ﺑﻄﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺔ‪ (1) :‬ﻓﻘﺮﺓ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‪ (2) .‬ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ " ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﱘ " ﻛﻜﻞ‪.‬ﺃﻭ‬ ‫)‪ (3‬ﺑﺎﳉﻤﻊ ﻛﻞ ﺃﺟﺰﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‪ .‬ﻣﻨﺬ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻛﻤﻞ ﺑﻮﻟﺲ ﺍﻹﺷﺎﺭﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ‬

‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺳﺔ‪ .‬ﻳﺒﺪﻭﺍ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﱘ ﻛﺎﻥ ﰲ ﻋﻘﻠﻪ‪.‬ﻫﻨﺎ – ﻳﻌﲏ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻘﺼﺪ‬ ‫ﻉ‪.‬ﺍﻟﻘﺪﱘ – ﻣﻌﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ‪.‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻏﲑ ﺇﺳﻢ ﺍﳉﻤﻊ >> ﺟﺮﺍﻣﺎﺗﺎ << ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻔﺮﺩ‬ ‫>> ﺟﺮﺍﻓﺎ << ﺇﺫﺍ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻩ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ) ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﱘ ( ﻛﻜﻞ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻮﺣﻰ‬

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‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ‪ .‬ﻭ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻛﻞ ﻓﻘﺮﺓ ) ﳑﺎ ﻳﻌﲏ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﱘ ﻛﻜﻞ ( ﻫﻮ ﻣﻮﺣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‪.‬‬

‫ﺃﻛﺘﻔﻲ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﲟﺎ ﻗﺪ ﺃﻭﺭﺩﺕ‪.‬ﻭﺃﻇﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﰎ ﺍﻟﺮﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫‪..‬ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺨﻠﺼﻨﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﺘﺎﰊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﻛﺘﺒﺖ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺣﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﳍﻲ‪..‬ﺑﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻜﺲ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺗﺸﻬﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻣﻮﺣﻰ ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ ﺧﲑ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺃﻭﻝ ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ 1 :1‬ﺍﺫ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻛﺜﲑﻭﻥ ﻗﺪ ﺍﺧﺬﻭﺍ ﺑﺘﺎﻟﻴﻒ ﻗﺼﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻻﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﳌﺘﻴﻘﻨﺔ ﻋﻨﺪﻧﺎ‬ ‫‪ 2 :1‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺳﻠﻤﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺀ ﻣﻌﺎﻳﻨﲔ ﻭ ﺧﺪﺍﻣﺎ ﻟﻠﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫‪ 3 :1‬ﺭﺍﻳﺖ ﺍﻧﺎ ﺍﻳﻀﺎ ﺍﺫ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺘﺒﻌﺖ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻭﻝ ﺑﺘﺪﻗﻴﻖ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﱄ ﺍﻟﻴﻚ ﺍﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻳﺰ ﺛﺎﻭﻓﻴﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﳍﻮ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭﺧﻄﲑ ﻳﺜﺒﺖ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻛﺜﲑﻳﻦ ﻛﺘﺒﻮﺍ‬

‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺢ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﺘﺐ ﻫﻮ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺔ ﺣﺴﺐ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﲰﻌﻪ ﻷﻧﻪ ﱂ ﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺢ ﻗﻂ‪..‬ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺘﺒﻪ ﰲ ﺭﺳﺎﺋﻠﻪ – ﻭﺍﻗﻮﻝ ﺭﺳﺎﺋﻠﻪ ﻷﻧﻪ‬

‫ﻗﺎﻝ" ﺭﺍﻳﺖ ﺍﻧﺎ ﺍﻳﻀﺎ ﺍﺫ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺘﺒﻌﺖ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻭﻝ ﺑﺘﺪﻗﻴﻖ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﱄ ﺍﻟﻴﻚ ﺍﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻳﺰ ﺛﺎﻭﻓﻴﻠﺲ" ﺃﻛﺘﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﱄ ﻏﻠﻴﻪ‪..‬ﺃﻱ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺘﺒﻪ‬

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺻﻞ ﺭﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻳﺴﻤﻰ ﺛﺎﻭﻓﻴﻠﺲ – ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﲰﺎﻋﻴﺎ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻧﻈﺮﺍ‪..‬ﺍﻭ‬

‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﺠﺔ ﺍﳌﺼﺮﻳﺔ )ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻟﻮﺍ ( ‪J‬‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺣﻴﺎ ﺇﻻﻫﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﺳﻨﺒﲔ ﺍﳌﺴﺮﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻣﻴﺪﻳﺔ ﰲ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻠﻲ‪.‬ﰲ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‪.‬‬

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‫‪ -2‬ﻓﻀﻴﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻠﻲ ‪ :‬ﻣﺴﺮﺣﻴﺔ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﻮﺑﻴﺘﻴﺔ‬‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﻫﻢ‪.‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﺎﺑﻌﻪ‪.‬ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺘﺒﻨﺎﻩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ‬

‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻬﻢ‪.‬ﺍﳌﻬﻢ ﻫﻮ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﺰﺋﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺃﻭ ﻛﻤﺎ ﲰﻴﺘﻬﺎ –‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺮﺣﻴﺔ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﻮﺑﻴﺘﻴﺔ ‪.-‬‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻻ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻌﺮﻑ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﻮﺑﻴﺘﻴﺔ ؟‬

‫‪ Synoptic Gospels‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﻮﺑﻴﺘﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫‪).‬ﻣﱴ – ﻣﺮﻗﺲ – ﻟﻮﻗﺎ (‪.‬‬

‫ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﺗﻌﺒﲑ ‪ Synoptic‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﻮ ‪ Griesbach‬ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻣﻦ ﻋﺸﺮ‪.‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﲑ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﲏ " رؤﯾﺔ اﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﻌًﺎ ﺑﻨﻈﺮة ﺗﻜﺎﻣﻠﻲّ " ﻫﻮ‬

‫ﺃﺻﻼ ﻣﺸﺘﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻧﺎﻧﻴﺔ ‪ .Syn optikos‬ﻭﲰﻴﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ‬ ‫) ﻣﱴ – ﻣﺮﻗﺲ – ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ( ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻴﻨﻮﺑﻴﺘﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺋﻴﺔ ‪..‬ﻷﻥ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺘﻬﺎ ﺗﺒﲔ ﺃﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺗﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﻛﺒﲑ ﺑﲔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﻗﺪ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺣﺎﳍﺎ ﻛﺎﻟﺘﺎﱄ ‪:‬‬

‫• ﻣﱴ ﻳﺸﺒﻪ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻳﺸﺒﻪ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ‪ :‬ﻓﻴﺴﻤﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺏ‪:‬‬

‫‪ - three traditions‬ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﳌﺜﻠﻮﺙ‪.‬‬

‫• ﺇﳒﻴﻠﲔ ﻳﺘﺸﺎ‪‬ﲔ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‪ :‬ﻓﻴﺴﻤﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺏ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ – twofold traditions‬ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﳌﺜﻨﺎﺓ‪.‬‬

‫• ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﺧﺘﺺ ﺑﻌﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﱂ ﺗﺮﺩ ﰲ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺋﻴﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﲔ‪ :‬ﻓﻴﺴﻰ ﺏ‪ - unique traditions :‬ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻳﺪﺓ‪.‬‬

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‫• ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﻜﺮ‪‬ﺭﺕ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻞ ‪ :‬ﻓﺘﺴﻤﻰ ﺏ ‪:‬‬

‫‪ –doublets‬ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻨﻌﺮﻑ ﻣﺎ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻷﺯﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﻟﻨﻘﺮﺃ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺘﺒﻪ ﺍﻷﺏ ﺑﻮﻟﺲ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻔﻐﺎﱄ ‪:‬‬

‫ﺃﻭ‪‬ﻻﹰ‪ :‬ﻨﻅﺭﺓ ﻋﺎﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ‪ ‬ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺌﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬

‫ﻭﺼل ﺍﻹﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‪ ‬ﺘﻜﺎﺩ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻤﺎﺜﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﺜﻡ‪ ‬ﺇﻥ‪ ‬ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺒﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺸﺎﻫﺩﻴﻥ ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‪ .‬ﻤﺜﻼﹰ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺏ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﹼﻰ )‪ (7 -1 :1‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻟﻭﻗﺎ )‪ (38 -23 :3‬ﻫﻭ ﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩ ﻤﺸﺘﺭﻙ ﻭﻜﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻭل ﻋﻥ ﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﻴﺴﻭﻉ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﺭﻗﺱ )‪ ،(13 -12 :1‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﺘﹼﻰ‬

‫)‪ ،(11 -1 :4‬ﻭﻋﻨﺩ ﻟﻭﻗﺎ )‪ .(13 -1 :4‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻓﻭﺍﺭﻕ ﺯﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻴﻠﻲ‪ ‬ﺃﻭ ﺫﺍﻙ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﻥ‪ ‬ﺍﻹﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﻨﻁﻠﻘﻨﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻵﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﻤل ﺃﻭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﺎﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻠﹼﺙ ﻴﻐﻁﹼﻲ ﻨﺼﻑ ﺁﻴﺎﺕ ﻤﺭﻗﺱ )‪ 330‬ﻤﻥ ﺃﺼل ‪661‬‬ ‫ﺁﻴﺔ( ﻭﺜﻠﺙ ﺁﻴﺎﺕ ﻤﺘﹼﻰ )‪ 330‬ﻤﻥ ﺃﺼل ‪ 1068‬ﺁﻴﺔ( ﻭﺜﻠﺙ ﺁﻴﺎﺕ‬

‫ﻟﻭﻗﺎ )‪ 330‬ﻤﻥ ﺃﺼل ‪ .(1150‬ﻭﻴﻐﻁﹼﻲ ﺘﺴﻌﺔ ﺃﻋﺸﺎﺭ ﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﻤﺭﻗﺱ‬ ‫)‪ 10045‬ﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺼل ‪ (11078‬ﻭﻨﺼﻑ ﻜﻸﺕ ﻤﺘﹼﻰ )‪8751‬‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺼل ‪ (18298‬ﻭﺜﻠﺙ ﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﻟﻭﻗﺎ )‪ 6761‬ﻤﻥ ﺃﺼل‬

‫‪ 19430‬ﻜﻠﻤﺔ(‪ .‬ﺜﻡ‪ ‬ﺇﻥ‪ ‬ﻤﺭﻗﺱ ﻻ ﻴﻤﻠﻙ ﺇﻻﹼ ﺨﻤﺴﻴﻥ ﺁﻴﺔ ﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﻪ‪:‬‬

‫ﻤﺜل ﺼﺒﺭ ﺍﻟﺯﺍﺭﻉ )ﻤﺭ ‪ ،(29 -26 :4‬ﺤﺎﺩﺙ ﺃﻗﺭﺒﺎﺀ ﻴﺴﻭﻉ )ﻤﺭ‬

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‫‪ ،(21 -19 :3‬ﺸﻔﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﺨﺭﺱ ﺍﻷﺼﻡ‪) ‬ﻤﺭ ‪ ،(37 -31 :7‬ﺃﻋﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺕ ﺼﻴﺩﺍ )ﻤﺭ ‪ (26 -22 :8‬ﻭﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﻗﻭﺍل ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻔﺭ‪‬ﻗﺔ‪ .‬ﺃﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﺎ‬

‫ﺘﺒﻘﹼﻰ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺭﻗﺱ ﻓﻨﺠﺩﻩ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤ‪‬ﺘﻰ ﻭﻟﻭﻗﺎ‪ .‬ﻓﻜﺄﻨﹼﻲ ﺒﻤﺭﻗﺱ ﻴﻤﺜﹼل‬

‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﺭﻙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺌﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‪ ‬ﻤﺭﻗﺱ ﻴﻘﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺩ‪‬‬

‫ﻴﺠﻬﻠﻬﺎ ﻤﺘﹼﻰ ﺃﻭ ﻟﻭﻗﺎ ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻨﹼﻪ ﻴﺠﻬل ﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺩ‪ ‬ﻋﺩﻴﺩﺓﹰ ﺃﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﻤﺘﹼﻰ ﺃﻭ‬

‫ﻟﻭﻗﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺃﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻨﹼﻰ ﻓﻴﻐﻁﹼﻲ ﺨِﻤﺱ ﺁﻴﺎﺕ ﻤﺘﹼﻰ ﻭﻟﻭﻗﺎ ﺃﻱ ‪ 3951‬ﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﺘﹼﻰ ﻭ‪ 3782‬ﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻟﻭﻗﺎ‪ .‬ﺜﻡ‪ ‬ﺇﻥ‪ ‬ﻤﺘﹼﻰ ﻴﻤﻠﻙ ‪ 315‬ﺁﻴﺔ )ﺃﻭ‬

‫‪ 5596‬ﻜﻠﻤﺔ( ﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﻪ‪ :‬ﺨﺒﺭ ﺍﻟﻁﻔﻭﻟﺔ )ﻑ ‪ ،(2 -1‬ﺜﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﻤﺜﺎل‪،‬‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﺃﻗﻭﺍل ﻋﺩﻴﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻴﻤﻠﻙ ﻟﻭﻗﺎ ‪ 500‬ﺁﻴﺔ )ﺃﻭ ‪8887‬‬

‫ﻜﻠﻤﺔ( ﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﺒﻪ‪ .‬ﺇﺫﹰﺍ ﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﺃﻥ‪ ‬ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻴ‪‬ﻨﺒﻭﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﺸﺘﺭﻜﹰﺎ ﻴﺴﺘﻘﻲ ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﹼﻰ ﻭﻟﻭﻗﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﺯﺍﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺩ ﺨﺎﺼ‪‬ﺔ ﻴﻌﺭﻓﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤﺩ ﻭﻴﺠﻬﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﳌﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ ﺝ ‪ 4‬ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‪ :‬ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺋﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﻱ ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻭﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻣﻦ‬

‫ﻋﺸﺮ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺋﻴ‪‬ﺔ‬

‫ﳑﺎ ﺳﺒﻖ ﻳﺘﺒﲔ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ ﺑﲔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ‪.‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ ﻓﺘﺢ‬

‫ﺑﺎﺑﺎ ﻟﻌﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮﻳﺎﺕ‪ ..‬ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺔ ﺗﻔﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ ﺑﲔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ )‬ ‫ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ( ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺑﲔ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﻋﺎﺋﺪ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻼ ﻣﻦ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﻧﻘﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﲟﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺃﻭﻝ ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻛﺘﺐ‪.‬‬

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‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺑﲔ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ )ﻓﻘﻂ( ﻋﺎﺋﺪﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻼ ﻣﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﻗﺘﺒﺲ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﳌﺼﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﲰﻮﻩ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ " ‪" Q‬‬

‫ﻛﻼﻡ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﰲ ﻣﱴ )ﻓﻘﻂ( ﻭ ﻏﲑ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﰲ ﺍﻹﺛﻨﲔ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻗﻴﲔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻋﺎﺋﺪ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ ﻣﱴ ﺍﻗﺘﺒﺲ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺪﺭ ﱂ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﻭ ﲰﻮﻩ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ "‪"M‬‬

‫ﻛﻼﻡ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﰲ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ )ﻓﻘﻂ( ﻭﻏﲑ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﰲ ﺍﻹﺛﻨﲔ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻗﻴﲔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻋﺎﺋﺪ ﺇﱃ‬

‫ﺍﻥ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﺍﻗﺘﺒﺲ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺪﺭ ﱂ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﲰﻮﻩ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ "‪"L‬‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﳝﻜﻨﻨﺎ ﺗﻠﺨﻴﺺ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﰲ ﺍﻵﰐ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺼﺪﺭﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻤﲔ ﳘﺎ ‪ :‬ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ‪Q‬‬ ‫ﻣﱴ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ‪ 3‬ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ‪ :‬ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ‪ Q‬ﻭ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ‪M‬‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ‪ 3‬ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ‪:‬ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ‪ Q‬ﻭ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ‪L‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﺄﰐ ﺑﺎﻷﺩﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﺔ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺍﳌﻘﺘ‪‬ﺲ ﻣﻨﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺄﰐ ﺑﺎﻷﺩﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻠﻴﲔ ) ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ( ﺍﻗﺘﺒﺴﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻞ‬

‫‪.‬ﳚﺐ ﺍﻥ ﻧﺴﺄﻝ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ ﺃﺻﻼ ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻞ ؟ ﻭﺍﳉﻮﺍﺏ ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ‪:‬‬

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The Gospel of Mark by Timothy R. Carmody-P:1

:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬.‫ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﳎﻬﻮﻝ‬

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New Collegeville Bible Commentary: New Testament by Daniel DurkenP:91

:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬-

‫ ﻏﲑ‬، ‫ ﻣﺜﻞ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‬،‫ﺍﳌﺆﻟﻒ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻲ ﻹﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‬ .‫ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻨﺎ‬

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‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻋﺮﻓﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺍﻗﺘﺒﺲ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﳎﻬﻮﻝ !!‬ ‫ﻧﺄﰐ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ – ﻓﻬﻴﻢ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ – ﺹ‪173:‬‬

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The veil is torn: A.D. 30 to 70, from Pentecost to the fall of Jerusalem by Christian History Project-P:195

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:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬‫ﻫﺎﺅﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﻳﺮﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﺛﻨﲔ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺪﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺰﻳﺞ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‬ .‫ ﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺃﻧﺎﺟﻴﻠﻬﻢ‬-‫ ﻕ‬-‫ﻭ‬

Matthew 1-7 by William David Davies,Dale C. Allison-P:97

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‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‪:‬‬‫ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻷﻏﻠﺒﻴﺔ ‪.‬ﻣﺮﻗﺺ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺼﺪﺭﺍ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪ :‬ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﻋﻼﻗﺘﻪ ﲟﺮﻗﺲ ﻭﻟﻮﻗﺎ‬

‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻨﺎ ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺋﻴ‪‬ﲔ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﺪﻧﺎ ﺃﻧ‪‬ﻪ ﻗﺮﻳﺐ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﳜﺺ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺮﻳﺐ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﳜﺺ‪ ‬ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺢ‪ :‬ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ‪ 600‬ﺁﻳﺔ )ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﺻﻞ ‪ 1068‬ﺁﻳﺔ( ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﺔ ﺑﲔ ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪ .‬ﻟﻜﻦ‪ ‬ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﳋﱠﺺ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻓﺘﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﰲ ‪ ،58 :13 -17 :4‬ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺮﺏ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻑ ‪ .14‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫‪ 240‬ﺁﻳﺔ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﺔ ﺑﲔ ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﻟﻮﻗﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﻳﺒﻘﻰ ﳌﺘ‪‬ﻰ ‪ 330‬ﺁﻳﺔ ﺧﺎﺻ‪‬ﺔ ﺑﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻨﺬﺍﻙ ﻗﺪ‪‬ﻡ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺸﺮ‪‬ﺍﺡ ﺍﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿ‪‬ﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺇﻥﹼ ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﻫﻮ ﻧﺴﺨﺔ ﻣﻮﺳ‪‬ﻌﺔ ﻭﳏﻮ‪‬ﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﳌﺮﻗﺲ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﺎ ﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﺃﺧﺬﻩ ﻫﻮ ﻭﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﲔ ﺧﺎﺹ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﻧﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫‪.‬ﻣﺮﺟﻌﲔ ﻹﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﱴ‪ :‬ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﲔ ﺍﳌﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﲔ ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﻟﻮﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ ﺝ ‪ 4‬ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‪ :‬ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺋﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﻱ ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻭﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺮ‪ :‬ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻞ ﲝﺴﺐ ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻰ )ﺍﻷﺏ ﺑﻮﻟﺲ ﺍﻟﻔﻐﺎﱄ (‬

‫ﺃﻭ‪‬ﻻﹰ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻮﺛﺎﺋﻖ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻠﻬﺎ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺭﺩﻧﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻜﺘﺸﻒ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺤﺴﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺛﺎﺋﻖ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻋﺎﺩ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﺛﻨﺘﺎﻥ‪ :‬ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻭﻣﺮﺟﻊ ﺧﺎﺹ‪ ‬ﻋﺮﻓﻪ ﻛﻞﹼ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﻟﻮﻗﺎ‬

‫ﺍﳌﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ ﺝ ‪ 4‬ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‪ :‬ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺋﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﺃﻱ ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻭﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺮ‪ :‬ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻞ ﲝﺴﺐ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ )ﺍﻷﺏ ﺑﻮﻟﺲ ﺍﻟﻔﻐﺎﱄ (‬

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the Synoptic problem is only one aspect of the source issue; for if Mark and Q are judged to be sources of Matt and Luke The New Jerome biblical commentary- Raymond Edward Brown, Joseph A. Fitzmyer, Roland Edmund Murphy-p:587

:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬‫ ﻷﻧﺎ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻭ‬.‫ﺍﳌﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﻮﺑﻴﺘﻴﺔ )ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺋﻴﺔ( ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺇﻻ ﻣﻈﻬﺮﺍ ﳌﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﺍﳌﺼﺪﺭ‬ .‫ﻢ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ‬‫– ﻛﺎﻑ – ﻳﻌﺘﱪﻭﻥ ﺃ‬

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The Gospel of Luke by Luke Timothy Johnson,Daniel J. Harringtonp:6

:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬-

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‫ﻟﻘﺪ‬.‫( ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻞ‬1-1‫ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﳌﻜﺘﻮﺑﺔ )ﻟﻮﻗﺎ‬

.‫ﺇﺳﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‬

The encyclopedia of Christianity, Volume 5 by Erwin Fahlbusch-p:277

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‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‪:‬‬‫ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﻫﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻳﻨﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﺔ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻛﻼ ﻣﻦ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﺍﻗﺘﺒﺴﻮﺍ ﻭ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻠﻮﺍ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺪﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪.‬ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﻣﺼﻴﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻛﱪ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺋﺐ ﺳﻮﻑ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ‪.‬ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻧﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﻟﻠﻤﺼﺪﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﻓﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻼ ﻣﻦ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﺍﻗﺘﺒﺴﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪..‬ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺆﺍﻝ ﻫﻞ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﻹﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ؟‬

‫ﺍﳉﻮﺍﺏ ﻧﻌﻢ ﻭ ﺳﺄﺫﻛﺮ ﺃﻫﻢ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﻭ ﻫﻲ ‪ :‬ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ‪Q‬‬ ‫ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ‪:‬‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﰲ ﺍﳒﻴﻠﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ‪..‬‬

‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻺﳒﻴﻠﻲ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﺑﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻟﺲ ﻭ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭ ﺭﺃﻱ ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺳﺠﻞ ﻣﺬﻛﺮﺍﺗﻪ‪..‬ﻭﻧﻘﺮﺃ‪:‬‬

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218 :‫ ﺍﻟﻘﺲ ﻓﻬﻴﻢ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ – ﺹ‬. ‫ ﺍﳌﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ – ﺩ‬: ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬

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‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺗﺮﲨﺎﻧﺎ ﻟﺒﻄﺮﺱ ﻭ ﻛﺘﺐ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻌﻠﻤﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ‪.‬ﻭﻛﻤﺎ ﻋﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺲ ﺍﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮﺭ ﻓﻬﻴﻢ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﻱ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻭﺻﻠﻨﺎ ﺧﱪ ﺳﺠ‪‬ﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺴﻴﲔ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻣﺎﺀ ﻣﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺃﻥ ﺇﳒﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺻﺪﻯ ﻟﻜﺮﺍﺯﺓ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ‪ ،‬ﺃﻱ ﺑﻌﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻫﻮ "ﻣﺬﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ"‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ ﺗﻌﺒﲑ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﻳﻮﺳﺘﻴﻨﻮﺱ( ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺭ ‪ ،(3 :106‬ﻭﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ‬

‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻻﺣﻘﺔ ﻳﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺇﱃ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺑﺎﺑﻴﺎﺱ ‪ Papias‬ﰲ ﻣﻨﺘﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‬

‫ﻭﺍﻟﱵ ﻭﺭﺩﺕ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳌﺆﺭﺥ ﺇﻓﺴﺎﺑﻴﻮﺱ }ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺴﻲ )‪{(15 ،39 ،3‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻝ‪" :‬ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻣﻔﺴ‪‬ﺮ ﻟﺒﻄﺮﺱ ﺩﻭ‪‬ﻥ ﺑﺪﻗﹼﺔ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺫﻛﺮﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭﺭﺩ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺏ ﻭﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻪ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺯﻣﲏ ﻷﻧﻪ ﱂ ﻳﺴﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺏ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺎﹰ ﻭﻻ ﺗﺒﻌﻪ‬

‫ﺑﻞ‪ ،‬ﺗﺒﻌﺎﹰ ﻟﺒﻄﺮﺱ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻴﻤﻪ ﻭﻓﻘﺎﹰ ﻟﻠﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﱂ ﻳﺆﻟﻒ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻟﻪ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﺗﺄﻟﻴﻔﺎﹰ ﲝﻴﺚ ﱂ ﳜﻄﺊ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﰲ ﺃﻱ ﺷﻲﺀ ﺑﻞ ﻛﺘﺐ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺬﻛﹼﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﳘﹼﻪ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺇﳘﺎﻝ ﻭﻻ ﲢﺮﻳﻒ ﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻗﻮﺍﻝ"‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺗﻠﻴﺎﻧﻮﺱ ﻳﺼﻒ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺑﺄﻧﻪ ﻣﻔﺴ‪‬ﺮ ﻟﺒﻄﺮﺱ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ :‬ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪ -‬ﻗﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ‪ -‬ﺗﺄﻟﻴﻒ ﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﻮﺣﻨﺎ ﻛﺮﺍﻓﻴﺬﻭﺑﻮﻟﻮﺱ – ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ – ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﱘ‬

‫ﺗﻌﺒﲑ ﲨﻴﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻠﻪ ﺩ‪.‬ﻳﻮﺣﻨﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻮ ﺗﻌﺒﲑ >> ﻟﻘﺪ ﻭﺻﻠﻨﺎ ﺧﱪ ﺳﺠ‪‬ﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺴﻴﲔ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻣﺎﺀ ﻣﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺃﻥ ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺻﺪﻯ ﻟﻜﺮﺍﺯﺓ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺃﻱ ﺑﻌﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻫﻮ "ﻣﺬﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ <<‬

‫ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﲑ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﻻ ﳛﺘﺎﺝ ﻣﲏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ‪..‬‬

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‫ﻭ ﺃﻧﻘﻞ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺘﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺲ ﻣﻨﻴﺲ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﲑ > ﺷﺒﻬﺎﺕ ﻭ ﳘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ < ﻭﰲ ﻓﺼﻞ " ﺷﺒﻬﺎﺕ ﻭﳘﻴﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ"‬

‫ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ‪:‬‬

‫ﺃﲨﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﲑ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺗﻠﻤﻴﺬ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻭﻛﺎﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﲑﺗﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻞ ﺇﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻭﺑﲔ‬

‫ﻋﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﲑ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪ ،‬ﺣﱴ ﺃﻧﻪ ﳌﺎ ﺃﻃﻠﻖ ﻣﻼﻙ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻦ ﺗﻮﺟ‪‬ﻪ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺖ ﻣﺮﱘ ﺃﻡ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ ﳎﺘﻤﻌﲔ ﰲ ﺑﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﻳﺮﻓﻌﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﷲ )ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ‪ .(12:12‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺑﻴﺎﺱ» ‪:‬ﻛﺘﺐ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﲑ ﺳﲑﺓ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ‪،‬ﻭﺳﺠ‪‬ﻞ ﻣﺎ ﲰﻌﻪ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺇﻟﻘﺎﺀ ﻋﻈﺎﺗﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﻋﺎﺓ ﺯﻣﻦ ﺣﺼﻮﻝ‬

‫ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﰲ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺢ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﺃﺧﺬ ﻋﻦ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﺍﻷﻗﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻠﻘﻴﻬﺎ ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺘﻀﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺣﻮﺍﻝ ‪«.‬ﻭﺫﻛﺮ ﻳﻮﺳﺎﺑﻴﻮﺱ ﰲ ﺗﺎﺭﳜﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺴﻲ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻳﺮﻳﻨﺎﻭﺱ‬ ‫‪‬ﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﺩ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺃﻛﻠﻴﻤﻨﺪﺱ ﺃﺳﻘﻒ ﺍﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ ﻭﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ‬

‫ﺃﻭﺭﳚﺎﻧﻮﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻏﲑ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺮﺗﻠﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﺇﻳﺮﻭﻧﻴﻤﻮﺱ )ﺟﲑﻭﻡ‪).‬‬ ‫‪ ....‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﲨﻊ ﺍﳌﺆﺭﺧﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻣﺎﺀ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺇﳒﻴﻠﻪ ﰲ ﺭﻭﻣﺎ ﺑﲔ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪56‬‬

‫ﻭ‪65‬ﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻧﻪ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺳﲑﺓ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﺃﻣﻼﻩ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ :‬ﺷﺒﻬﺎﺕ ﻭﳘﻴﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ – ﺩ‪.‬ﻣﻨﻴﺲ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ – ﺷﺒﻬﺎﺕ ﻭﳘﻴﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪:‬‬ ‫‪http://www.answering-islam.org/Arabic/Books/Claims/mar.html‬‬

‫ﺑﺴﺮﺍﺣﺔ ﺃﺣﺴﻦ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺗﻪ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺘﺒﻪ ﺩ‪.‬ﻣﻨﻴﺲ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ ﻷﻧﻪ ﻳﻮﺿﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺗﺎﻡ‪..‬‬

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.‫ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﱄ‬-‫ ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ –ﻡ‬: ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬ http://st-takla.org/Full-Free-Coptic-Books/FreeCopticBooks-002Holy-Arabic-Bible-Dictionary/24_M/M_119.html

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‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ :‬ﺍﶈﻴﻂ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﱘ – ﺗﺄﻟﻴﻒ ﺍﻷﺏ ﺑﻮﻟﺲ ﺍﻟﻔﻐﺎﱄ – ﺇ – ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻧﺴﺮﺩ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻵﺑﺎﺀ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺃ‪ -‬ﺑﺎﻳﻴﺎﺱ ‪ :‬ﰱ ﺃﺳﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﺮﻯ ﰱ ﺣﻮﺍﱃ ‪125‬ﻡ – )ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﺘﺒﺲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻳﻮﺳﺎﻳﻴﻮﺱ(‪" :‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎﹰ‪ :‬ﺇﺫ ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻣﺘﺮﲨﺎﹰ ﻟﺒﻄﺮﺱ ‪ ،‬ﻛﺘﺐ ﺑﺘﺪﻗﻴﻖ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺬﻛﺮﻩ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﻪ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺑﻐﲑ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ‪ ،‬ﻷﻧﻪ ﱂ ﻳﺴﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺏ ﻗﻂ‪ ،‬ﻭﱂ ﻳﺮﺍﻓﻘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻖ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ – ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﻠﺖ‪ -‬ﺑﺒﻄﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﺍﻋﺘﺎﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺼﻮﻍ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﻪ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﳊﺎﺟﺔ )ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﺳﺎﻣﻌﻴﻪ( ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﺒﺔ ﻷﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺮﺏ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻓﺄﻥ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﱂ ﳜﻄﺊ ﰱ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺘﻪ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺬﻛﺮﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻷﻧﻪ ﺍﻫﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﻻ ﳛﺬﻑ ﺷﻴﺌﺎﹰ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﱴ ﲰﻌﻬﺎ ﻭﺃﻻ ﻳﺰﻳﻒ ﺷﻴﺌﺎﹰ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪".‬‬ ‫ﺏ‪ -‬ﻳﻮﺳﺘﻴﻨﻮﺱ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﻴﺪ ‪ :‬ﰱ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺮﺏ ﰱ ﺣﻮﺍﱃ ‪150‬ﻡ( ‪-‬ﰱ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻊ ﺗﺮﻳﻔﻮ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩﻯ " ‪):‬‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﺎﻝ ﺃﻧﻪ )ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺢ( ﻗﺪ ﺃﻃﻠﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ ﺍﺳﻢ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﺴﺠﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﰱ‬ ‫"ﺫﻛﺮﻳﺎﺗﻪ" ﻣﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻰ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﺪ ﺃﻃﻠﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺑﲎ ﺯﺑﺪﻯ ﻟﻘﺐ "ﺑﻮﺃﻧﺮﺟﺲ" ﺃﻯ ﺃﺑﲎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻋﺪ…ﺇﱁ"‬ ‫ﺕ‪ -‬ﺇﻳﺮﻳﻨﺎﺱ‪ :‬ﰱ ﺃﺳﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﺮﻯ ﻭﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻝ ﺃﻯ ﻓﺮﻧﺴﺎ )ﺣﻮﺍﱃ ‪175‬ﻡ – ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﺘﺒﺴﻪ ﻳﻮﺳﺎﺑﻴﻮﺱ(‪" :‬ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ ﺃﻟﺒﺲ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ ﻗﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻋﺪﻭﺍ ﲤﺎﻣﺎﹰ ﳋﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺍﺯﺓ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ‪ ،‬ﺃﻧﻄﻠﻘﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻗﺎﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻳﺒﺸﺮﻭﻥ ﺑﺎﻹﳒﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﻓﺬﻫﺐ ﻣﱴ ﺷﺮﻗﺎ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﻞ ﻋﱪﺃﱏ ﻭﺑﺸﺮﻫﻢ ﺑﻨﻔﺲ ﻟ���ﺘﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬

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‫ﺍﻟﱴ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺪ ﻛﺘﺐ ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﳒﻴﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺫﻫﺐ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻭﺑﻮﻟﺲ ﻏﺮﺑﺎ ﻭﻛﺮﺯﺍ ﻭﺃﺳﺴﺎ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﻴﺴﺔ ﰱ ﺭﻭﻣﻴﺔ ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺭﺣﻴﻞ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺳﻠﱠﻢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺗﻠﻤﻴﺬ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻭﺗﺮﲨﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﱴ ﻛﺮﺯ ‪‬ﺎ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ‪ ،‬ﻣﻜﺘﻮﺑﺔ"‬ ‫ﺙ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﺲ ﺃﻛﻠﻴﻤﻨﺪﺱ ﺍﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻯ ‪) :‬ﺣﻮﺍﱃ ‪200‬ﻡ( ‪" :‬ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﱴ ﻛﺘﺐ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻰ‪ :‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻛﺮﺯ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻋﻠﻨﺎﹰ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﰱ ﺭﻭﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻧﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﻹﳒﻴﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺱ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳﻞ ﻛﺜﲑﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺎﺿﺮﻳﻦ ﳌﺮﻗﺲ ﻛﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺗﺒﻌﻮﺍ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﺯﻣﻨﺎﹰ ﻃﻮﻳﻼﹰ ﻭﻳﺬﻛﺮ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺃﻥ ﻳﺪﻭﻥ ﳍﻢ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻠﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻛﺘﺐ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻞ ﻗﺪﻣﻪ ﻟﻠﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻮﺳﻠﻮﺍ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﳕﺎ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﱃ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻢ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﱂ ﻳﻌﺘﺮﺽ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﱂ ﻳﺸﺠﺒﻪ"‬ ‫ﺝ‪ -‬ﻭﺍﻳﻀﺎﹰ‪" :‬ﻭﳌﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻣﺎﻧﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﻔﺘﻮﻧﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﺳﻄﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻘﻮﳍﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ‪ ،‬ﱂ ﻳﻘﻨﻌﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﲟﺠﺮﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻊ ﻭﺇﻋﻼﻥ ﺍﳊﻖ ﺍﳊﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻞ ﺃﺳﺮﻋﻮﺍ ﻳﻠﺘﻤﺴﻮﻥ ﺑﺈﳊﺎﺡ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﺇﳒﻴﻠﻪ ﺑﲔ ﺃﻳﺪﻳﻨﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ‪ -‬ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﺠﻞ ﳍﻢ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﻗﺒﻠﻮﻩ ﻣﺸﺎﻓﻬﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﱂ ﻳﻜﻔﻮﺍ ﻋﻦ ﺇﳊﺎﺣﻬﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﱴ ﺃﻗﻨﻌﻮﻩ ﺑﺮﺃﻳﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺳﺒﺐ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﺴﻤﻰ "ﺑﺈﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ" ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﻘﺎﻝ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻋﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ‪ -‬ﺑﺈﳍﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺱ‪ -‬ﲟﺎ ﺣﺪﺙ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮ ﺑﺎﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﻭﺃﻣﺮ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻳ‪‬ﻘﺮﺃ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺘﺐ ﰱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺎﺋﺲ "‬ ‫ﺡ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ ﺗﺮﺗﻠﻴﺎﻥ ‪ :‬ﻣﻦ ﴰﺎﱃ ﺃﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ )ﺣﻮﺍﱃ ‪207‬ﻡ(‪ :‬ﻳﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﻨﲔ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻛﺘﺒﻬﻤﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻻﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻷﺛﻨﲔ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻛﺘﺒﻬﻤﺎ ﺭﻓﻴﻘﺎﻥ ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻞ‪" ،‬ﲟﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﻤﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻧﺸﺮﻩ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪ ،‬ﻷﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﺰﻯ ﻟﺒﻄﺮﺱ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻣﺘﺮﲨﺎﹰ ﻟﻪ‪".‬‬ ‫ﺥ‪ -‬ﺃﻭﺭﳚﺄﻧﻮﺱ‪ :‬ﰱ ﺍﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺮﻕ )ﺣﻮﺍﱃ ‪240‬ﻡ( ‪" :‬ﻭﺍﻹﳒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﳌﺮﻗﺲ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﻛﺘﺒﻪ ﲢﺖ‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻋﻨﻪ ﰱ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺘﻪ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ )ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺍﺑﲎ)‬ ‫ﺩ ‪ -‬ﻳﻮﺳﺎﻳﻴﻮﺱ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺼﺮﻯ‪ :‬ﻣﻦ ﻗﻴﺼﺮﻳﺔ )ﺣﻮﺍﱃ ‪325‬ﻡ(‪" :‬ﻭﻣﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﱂ ﻳﺸﺮﻉ‪ -‬ﻟﻔﺮﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﺿﻊ – ﰱ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺇﳒﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﻧﻪ ﻣﻊ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻗﺪ ﺫﺍﻉ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺪ ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺗﺒﺎﻋﻪ ﺍﳊﻤﻴﻤﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻼﺯﻣﲔ ﻟﻪ – ﻗﺪ ﺳﺠﻞ ﻣﺬﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺄﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻳﺴﻮﻉ" ‪ ،‬ﻭ"ﰱ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﻳﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻫﻮ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﻳﺸﻬﺪ‪ ،‬ﻷﻥ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﰱ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺃﳕﺎ ﻫﻰ ﻣﺬﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺗﺴﺠﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻷﻗﻮﺍﻝ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ"‬ ‫ﺫ ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﺲ ﺟﲑﻭﻡ ‪ :‬ﰱ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺮﺏ )ﺣﻮﺍﱃ ‪350‬ﻡ ( ‪" :‬ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪ -‬ﺗﻠﻤﻴﺬ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻭﻣﺘﺮﲨﻪ‪-‬‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺐ ﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﻠﺐ ﺍﻹﺧﻮﺓ ﰱ ﺭﻭﻣﻴﺔ ﺇﳒﻴﻼﹰ ﳐﺘﺼﺮﺍﹰ ﻃﺒﻘﺎ ﳌﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺪ ﲰﻊ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻳﺮﻭﻳﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺑﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﺫﻟﻚ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻓﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺃﻣﺮ ﺃﻥ ﻳ‪‬ﻘﺮﺃ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺎﺋﺲ"‬ ‫ﺭ‪ -‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺃﻳﻀﺎﹰ‪ ... " :‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﻴﻄﺲ ﻣﺘﺮﲨﺎﹰ‪ ،‬ﲤﺎﻣﺎﹰ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺮﲨﺎﹰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺇﳒﻴﻠﻪ ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻳﺮﻭﻯ ﻭﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻳﺴﺠﻞ"‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺔ ﻣﻘﺘﺒﺴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪http://www.burhanukum.com/article529.html‬‬

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‫ﻭﻧﻘﺮﺃ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﱂ ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﻞ ﺑﻮﻟﺲ ﻭ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻼﻣﻴﺬ ﺃﻭ ﻏﲑﻫﻢ‪:‬‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ – ﺇ – ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪.‬‬ ‫‪http://st-takla.org/Full-Free-Coptic-Books/FreeCopticBooks-002‬‬‫‪Holy-Arabic-Bible-Dictionary/24_M/M_120.html‬‬

‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻟﻘﺪ ﻋﺮﻓﻨﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺎﳌﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻣﱴ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ‪..‬ﻫﻮ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻣﻦ ﺃﳘﻬﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺑﻄﺮﺱ!!‬

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻋﺮﻓﻨﺎ ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻊ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻟﻨﺮﻯ ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ "‪"Q‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ "‪"Q‬‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺳﻨﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﳌﻬﻤﺔ ‪..‬ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺟﺰﺋﲔ‪..‬ﺟﺰﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ﻛﻤﺼﺪﺭ ﻹﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪..‬ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ﻛﻤﺼﺪﺭ ﻹﳒﻴﻠﻲ ﻣﱴ ﻭ‬

‫ﻟﻮﻗﺎ‪..‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻌﺮﻑ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ؟؟‬

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‫ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ "‪ "Q‬ﺑﻜﻞ ﺑﺴﺎﻃﺔ ‪.‬ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ﺃﺧﺪ ﺇﲰﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻻﳌﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ‪ Quelle‬ﻭﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻌﲏ ﻣﺼﺪﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺑﻮﺟﻮﺩﻫﺎ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻻﺣﻈﻮﺍ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻼ ﻣﻦ ﻣﱴ ﺇﺷﺘﺮﻙ ﻣﻊ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﰲ ﺃﺷﻴﺎﺀ‬

‫ﻏﲑ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﰲ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻗﻠﻨﺎ ﺃ‪‬ﻤﺎ ﺍﻗﺘﺒﺴﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﻪ‪..‬ﻫﺬﻩ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﻳﺴﲑﺓ‬

‫ﻓﻘﻂ‪..‬ﺍﳌﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺍﻗﺘﺒﺲ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫)ﳚﺐ ﺍﻹﺷﺎﺭﺓ ﻭ ﻟﻸﻣﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﻱ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫– ﻕ‪ -‬ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﺭﺿﻪ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻀﻪ ﻭ ﻟﻜﻦ ﳓﻦ ﺳﻨﺎﺧﺪ ﺑﺮﺃﻱ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ (‪..‬‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ :‬ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﻴﺔ – ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ :‬ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﻣﱴ ﺍﳌﺴﻜﲔ – ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ – ﺹ‪42:‬‬

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‫‪Jesus, Mark and Q by Michael Labahn,Andreas Schmidt – p:15‬‬

‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‪:‬‬‫‪...‬ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﺭﻥ ﻟﻠﻨﺺ ﻳﺆﻳﺪ ﺍﻹﺳﺘﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻼ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻴﲔ ﺗﺄﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﻱ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻥ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻋﺮﻑ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ –ﻕ‪-‬‬

‫) ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﻱ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ‪ ..‬ﻓﻘﻂ ﺫﻛﺮﺗﻪ ﻟﻠﻌﻠﻢ ﻭﻟﻦ ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﺑﻪ (‬

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‫ﺍﻵﻥ ﻧﺄﰐ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ‪ Q‬ﻛﻤﺼﺪﺭ ﻹﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ‪..‬‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ :‬ﻣﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ – ﺣﺒﻴﺐ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ – ﺹ‪216:‬‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ :‬ﻣﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ – ﺍﻟﻘﺲ ﻓﻬﻴﻢ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ – ﺹ‪173:‬‬

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‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ :‬ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﻴﺔ – ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ :‬ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﻴﺔ ‪ -‬ﺇﳒﻴﻞ‬

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The New American Commentary-Luke-V4-P:28

:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬-

‫ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬.‫ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻠﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻗﻞ ﻣﺼﺪﺭﺍ ﺁﺧﺮﺍ‬.‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﳌﺮﻗﺲ‬ "Q" ‫ﲰﻲ‬

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Early narrative Christology: the Lord in the Gospel of Luke Par Christopher Kavin Rowe – p:129

:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬Q ‫ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﺍﻹﺛﻨﲔ ﺇﺳﺘﻌﻤﻠﻮﺍ‬

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Speaking parables: a homiletic guide by David Buttrick-p:7

:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬‫ﺇﻻ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﻌﻠﻢ ﻷﻥ ﺑﻮﺟﻮﺩﻩ ﻷﻥ ﻛﻠﻢ ﻥ ﻣﱴ‬. Q:‫ﻣﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺃﺣﺪ ﳝﻠﻚ ﻧﺴﺨﺔ ﻝ‬

.‫ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻠﻪ‬

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A critical and exegetical commentary on the Gospel according to Saint Matthew, Volume 1-P:115

:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬Q ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﻤﻰ ﻋﺎﺩﺗﺎ‬.‫ﻣﺼﺪﺭ ﺁﺧﺮ‬.‫ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﺭﺍﺑﻂ‬.‫ﻣﱴ ﻭﻟﻮﻗﺎ‬

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Q is defined as the "common" material found in Matthew and Luke but not in Mark Hypothesized Documents..P:32

:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬‫ ﰎ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻔﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻣﺎﺩﺓ "ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﺔ " ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﰲ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻏﲑ‬Q .‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﰲ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‬

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Antioch and Rome: New Testament cradles of Catholic Christianity by Raymond Edward Brown,John P. Meier – P:52

:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬.‫ﻟﻜﻦ ﻏﺎﺋﺒﺔ ﰲ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‬. ‫ ﻣﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﺔ ﺑﲔ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ‬Q ..‫ﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﳔﺘﻢ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ‬

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‫‪The Bible Knowledge Commentary: New Testament ed by John F.‬‬ ‫‪Walvoord,Roy B. Zuck –P:14‬‬

‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‪:‬‬‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ ‪ Q‬ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﻠﺨﺼﺔ ﻟﻠﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻷﳌﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﺼﺪﺭ‪Quelle‬‬

‫ﺑﻌﺾ ‪ 200‬ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﳌﺸﺘﺮﻛﺔ ﺑﲔ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ‪.‬ﺍﻟﻐﲑ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﰲ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ‪ .‬ﻳﺒﺪﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﺎﺋﺖ ﻣﻦ ‪. Q‬‬ ‫ﻧﻠﺨﺺ ﻣﺎ ﺫﻛﺮﻧﺎﻩ ﺣﱴ ﺍﻵﻥ‪:‬‬

‫ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﺍﻗﺘﺒﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ) ﻭﺣﱴ ﺑﻮﻟﺲ ﻭ ﻏﲑﻫﻢ‪ (..‬ﻭ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺭﺃﻱ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ﺃﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺒﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ‪Q‬‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺪﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺼﺪﺭﻳﻦ ﳘﺎ ‪ :‬ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ‪Q‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻌﻄﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻣﻜﻨﻨﺎ ﺭﺳﻢ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻃﺔ ﺍﻵﺗﻴﺔ ‪:‬‬

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‫ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ‪: M‬‬

‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ﻭ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺃﻥ ﻣﱴ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺇﳒﻴﻠﻪ ‪.‬ﺣﻴﺚ‬

‫ﳒﺪ ﺃﺷﻴﺎﺀ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﰲ ﻣﱴ ﻏﲑ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻻ ﰲ ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻻ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪..‬‬

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174-173:‫ ﺍﳌﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ – ﺍﻟﻘﺲ ﻓﻬﻴﻢ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ –ﺹ‬:‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬

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The encyclopedia of Christianity, Volume 5 by Erwin Fahlbusch – p:277

:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻳﻌﺪﻝ ﻭ ﻳﻮﺳﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺇﱃ ﺣﺪ ﻛﺒﲑ‬.‫ﻣﱴ ﻳﻀﻢ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﻛﻞ ﳏﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‬ .M ‫ ﻭ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ‬Q ‫ﻣﻊ‬

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The Gospel of Matthew by Daniel J. Harrington-P:5

:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬.(M) ‫ﻭ ﻣﺎﺩﺓ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﲟﱴ‬..

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The Gospel of the Savior: an analysis of P. Oxy. 840 and its place in the Gospel traditions of early Christianity by Michael J. Kruger – P:173

:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬‫ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻟﻺﺷﺎﺭﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻷﺻﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﱴ ﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺇﳒﻴﻠﻪ‬...

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‫‪Ancient Christian gospels: their history and development by Helmut‬‬ ‫‪Köster –P:319‬‬

‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‪:‬‬‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﰲ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻝ ﻣﱴ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻻ ﻳﻮﺍﺯﻳﻬﺎ ﰲ "‪ "Q‬ﻭﺗﺴﺘﻤﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺿﺢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺪﺭ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﱴ ﻭﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺴﻤﻰ"‪"M‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻀﺢ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻣﱴ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻠﻲ ﺇﺳﺘﻌﺎﻥ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﲟﺮﺟﻊ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻭ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ‪M‬‬

‫ﺍﻵﻥ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺮﻯ ﺃﻥ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﺼﺪﺭﺍ ﺁﺧﺮﺧﺎﺻﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫‪L‬‬

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175:‫ ﺍﳌﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍ���ﺪﻳﺪ – ﻓﻬﻴﻢ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ – ﺹ‬:‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬

‫ ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ‬-‫ ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﻴﺔ‬:‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬

and Schlatter, 3 1 If., claim that Matthew used Q while Luke used L. The Gospel of Luke: a commentary on the Greek text by I. Howard Marshall

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:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬L ‫ ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﺇﺳﺘﻌﻤﻞ‬Q ‫ ﻳﺄﻛﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻣﱴ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻞ‬-‫ﻭ – ﺷﻠﻴﺘﺮ‬

THE NEW AMERICAN COMMENTARY- Luke-V24 – P:28

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:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬‫ﻣﱴ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﻢ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻣﺘﺎﺣﺔ‬. ‫ﻣﻊ ﻫﺬﻳﻦ ﺍﳌﺼﺪﺭﻳﻦ‬ .. L ‫ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻣﺰ‬.. M ‫ﳑﺘﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻣﺰ‬.‫ﳍﻢ‬

The Gospel of Luke by Luke Timothy Johnson,Daniel J. HarringtonP:6

:‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬-

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‫ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﳌﻜﺘﻮﺑﺔ ) ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ‪ ( 1:1‬ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻞ‪ .‬ﻟﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺇﺳﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ‪ .‬ﻣﺎﺩﺓ ﻟﻠﻤﺼﺪﺭ ﺍﳌﻜﺘﻮﺑﺔ ﺍﺧﺘﺎﺭﻭﺍ ‪ ... Q‬ﻭﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺈﳒﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺏ ‪L‬‬

‫‪The synoptic problem: a way through the maze by Mark Goodacre‬‬‫‪P:171‬‬

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‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‪:‬‬‫ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﳌﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﰲ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ‪ .‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻷﺣﻴﺎﻥ ‪ (...) L‬ﻫﻮ ﺍﺳﻢ ﻣﺼﺪﺭ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ‬

‫ﺍﻹﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪:‬ﺍﳌﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ – ﺍﻟﻘﺲ ﻓﻬﻴﻢ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ – ﺹ‪175:‬‬

‫ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺑﻄﺮﺱ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ‪Q‬‬

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‫ﻣﱴ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻭ ‪ Q‬ﻭ ‪M‬‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻭ ‪ Q‬ﻭ ‪L‬‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻥ ﺳﻨﺪﺧﻞ ﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﳌﺴﺮﺣﻴﺔ ‪J‬‬

‫ﺍﳌﺴﺮﺣﻴﺔ ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ ﻭ ﺳﻬﻠﺔ ﻭ ﻣﻀﺤﻜﺔ ﻭ ﺳﻨﺒﺪﺃﻫﺎ ﺑﺴﺄﻝ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ -‬ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ ﺃﻭﻝ ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻛﺘﺐ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﺔ ؟‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ – ﻓﻬﻴﻢ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ – ﺹ‪215:‬‬

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‫‪The Gospel of Mark by Timothy R. Carmody-P:1‬‬

‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‪:‬‬‫ﻣﻊ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﳜﻲ‪ .‬ﺍﻋﺘﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻫﻮ ﺃﻗﺪﻡ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ‪..‬‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻫﻮ ﺃﻭﻝ ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻛﺘﺐ ‪..‬ﳑﺘﺎﺯ‪..‬ﻭﺍﻵﻥ ﻧﺴﺄﻝ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ ﻣﱴ ؟‬

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‫‪.‬ﺍﻟﺸﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺿﺤﺔ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺞ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﳌﺆﻟﻒ ﻳﻬﻮﺩﻱ ﻣﺘﻨﺼﺮ )‪(2‬‬ ‫ﻻ ﻳﻌﻘﻞ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳒﻴﻼﹰ ﺧﻄﲑﺍﹰ ﻛﻬﺬﺍ ﻫﻮ ﰲ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻻﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﻳﻨﺴﺐ ﺇﱃ ﺷﺨﺺ )‪(3‬‬ ‫‪.‬ﳎﻬﻮﻝ ﻭﺑﺎﻷﺣﺮﻯ ﻷﻥ ﻳﻨﺴﺐ ﺇﱃ ﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻼﻣﻴﺬ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺢ‬ ‫‪.‬ﻭﻳﻜﺮ ﺑﺎﺑﻴﺎﺱ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺍﳌﻴﻼﺩﻱ ﺍﻥ ﻣﱴ ﻗﺪ ﲨﻊ ﺍﻗﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺢ )‪(4‬‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ – ﺇﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﱴ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪ‪‬ﻳﺲ ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﻫﻮ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻻﺛﲎ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺗﻠﻤﻴﺬﹰﺍ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﺸ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺍﲰﻪ ﻻﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺳﻢ ﺃﺑﻴﻪ ﺣﻠﻔﻰ‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ :‬ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ ﻟﻠﻘﻤﺺ ﺗﺎﺩﺭﺱ ﻳﻌﻘﻮﺏ ﻣﻠﻄﻲ – ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﱴ‬

‫ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻹﺛﲏ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺗﻠﻤﻴﺬﺍﹰ ﺇﲰﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻣﺎﱏ "ﻣﱴ" ﻭﻣﻌﻨﺎﻩ )ﻋﻄﻴﺔ ﺍﷲ( ﺑﺎﻟﻌﱪﻳﺔ "‬

‫ﻧﺜﻨﺎﺋﻴﻞ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻴﻮﻧﺎﻧﻴﺔ " ﺛﻴﺆﺩﻭﺭﺱ " ﺍﻟﱵ ﻋﺮﺑﺖ " ﺗﺎﺩﺭﺱ "‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﻠﻘﺐ ﺑﻼﻭﻱ ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻔﻰ ﻭﺍﺳﻢ ﺃﺑﻴﻪ ﺣﻠﻔﻲ )ﻣﺮ‪،)14:2‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﻘﺪﺱ‪ :‬ﻋﻬﺪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﻘﺲ ﺃﻧﻄﻮﻧﻴﻮﺱ ﻓﻬﻤﻲ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﰲ ﺳﻔﺮ ﺍﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﱴ‬

‫ﲟﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ )ﻣﺖ‪ +9:9‬ﻣﺖ‪ +3:10‬ﻣﺖ‪ +12-11:9‬ﻟﻮ‪ (29:5‬ﻧﻔﻬﻢ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﱴ ﻫﻮ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﻼﻣﻴﺬ ﺍﻹﺛﲏ ﻋﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ :‬ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ ﻟﻠﻘﺲ ﺃﻧﻄﻮﻧﻴﻮﺱ ﻓﻜﺮﻱ – ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﳒﻴﻞ ﻣﱴ‬

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‫ﺍﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﱵ ﺗﻄﺮﺡ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﻫﻲ ‪:‬‬ ‫‪-‬ﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﻘﺘﺒﺲ ﺗﻠﻤﻴﺬ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻼﻣﻴﺬ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺢ )ﻣﱴ( ﻣﻦ ﺭﺟﻞ ﱂ ﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺢ ﰲ‬

‫ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ )ﻣﺮﻗﺲ( ؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟‬

‫‪-‬ﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﻘﺘﺒﺲ ﻣﱴ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻤﻴﺬ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺛﺎﺋﻖ ﳎﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﳌﺼﺪﺭ ﻭ ﻫﻲ ‪ Q‬ﻭ ‪ M‬؟؟؟؟؟‬

‫ ﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﺎﺧﺪ ﻣﺮﻗﺲ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺻﺪﻗﻬﻢ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺫﻛﺮﻧﺎ‬‫ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ ؟؟؟؟؟‬ ‫‪ -‬ﻛﻴﻒ ﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﻳﻘﺘﺒﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺨﺺ ﱂ ﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺢ ﻭ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﺔ ﳎﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﳌﺼﺪﺭ‪L‬‬

‫؟؟؟‬

‫‪ -‬ﻣﺎ ﻣﻬﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ‪ Q‬ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ‪:‬‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ :‬ﻣﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ – ﺣﺒﻴﺐ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ – ﺹ‪217:‬‬

‫ﻓﻤﺎ ﻫﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ؟ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﺗﺒﻬﺎ؟ ﻭ ﻣﱴ ﻛﺘﺒﺖ؟ ﻭﺃﻳﻦ ﻫﻲ ؟‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﻮﺛﻴﻘﺘﲔ ‪M‬ﻭ‪L‬‬ ‫‪-‬ﻛﻴﻒ ﻛﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﻳﻨﻘﻠﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺃﺻﻼ ؟؟‬

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‫ ﻭ ﺇﻥ ﺳﻠﻤﻨﺎ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﻴﺔ ﻓﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻀﻤﻦ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻘﻠﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻧﻘﻼ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺎ ﱂ ﻳﺸﺒﻪ ﺧﻄﺄ ؟؟؟؟‬

‫‪ -‬ﻫﻞ ﺍﻗﺘﺒﺲ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﺧﺮﻯ ﺃﻭ ﻭﺛﺎﺋﻖ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻏﲑ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻓﺔ ؟؟؟‬

‫ ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﻮﺣﻨﺎ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﱂ ﻳﻘﺘﺒﺲ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﺎﺋﻖ ؟؟ ﺃﱂ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺑﺄ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﺔ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﻴﺔ‬‫؟؟‬ ‫‪ -‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺮﺃﻧﺎ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺼﺪﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ ‪..‬ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﱂ ﳛﺘﻔﻀﻮﺍ ‪‬ﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ‬

‫ﲢﻜﻲ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ ﻳﺴﻮﻉ؟؟‬

‫ ﻫﻞ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﱴ ﲝﺎﺟﺔ ﳌﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﲣﱪﻩ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻷﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻋﺎﺷﻬﺎ؟؟ ﻫﻞ ﻓﻘﺪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﺍﻛﺮﺓ ؟؟‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺃﻗﻮﻝ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻴﺤﻲ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﺃﻭ ﺣﱴ ﻳﻬﻮﺩﻱ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻫﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺟﻴﻞ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻭﺣﻴﺎ ﺇﳍﻴﺎ ؟؟؟‬ ‫ﺃﻇﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳉﻮﺍﺏ ﻭﺍﺿﺢ ﻻ ﻳﻨﻜﺮﻩ ﺇﻻ ﻣﻜﺎﺑﺮ‪..‬ﺃﺭﺟﻮﺍ ﺃﱐ ﻗﺪ ﺑﻠﻐﺖ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻜﻠﻒ ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ ﺃﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺧﻔﻲ ﻋﻨﻜﻢ ‪..‬ﺃﻗﻮﻝ ﻗﻮﱄ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﺍﷲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻠﺐ ﺍﳍﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﺴﻴﺤﻲ‪...‬ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﻮﻗﻴﻊ‪ :‬ﺷـــﺎﻋﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳـــﻮﻝ‬

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الأناجيل السينوبيتية و فضح الوحي الإنجيلي