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Smithsonian Gardens 2 0 1 4 A n n u a l Re p o r t | E n r i c h i n g t h e S m i t h s o n i a n e x p e r i e n c e s i n c e 1 9 7 2

Cover: The Heath Hen sculpture is part of The Lost Bird Project which seeks to create awareness about our fragile bird species. The creation of artist Todd McGrain, the project has been sponsored by the Smithsonian and other organizations. Four bird sculptures will remain in the Haupt Garden until spring 2015; a fifth bird is in the Urban Bird Habitat at the National Museum of Natural History, on the corner of 12th Street and Constitution Avenue.


Ta b l e o f


Director’s Letter


















Support Staff








From the

Director What a SERIOUSLY AMAZING year! Thanks to our remarkable staff and well-placed efforts, we’ve accomplished significant benchmarks in public garden excellence. The North American Plant Collections Consortium accreditation, Smithsonian Gardens Orchid Collection going “live” on the Smithsonian Collections Search Center, The Lost Bird Project art exhibition, Audubon certification, and being named one of the Top 10 science Instagram accounts to follow were some of the showiest feathers in our cap in 2014...and we’re just getting started! I hope you will enjoy looking back with us on the many accomplishments of Smithsonian Gardens included in this our 2014 Annual Report. In the future we look forward to launching the upcoming American Gardens Legacy exhibit, Pools, Patios, & the Invention of the American Backyard. This exhibit will start its 5-year run in March 2015 through the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service (SITES) program. It will be exciting to share our research about this noteworthy time in American garden history with other centers of learning around the country. 2015 will also mark the end of our current Strategic Plan and the planning for our next 5 year plan. With the help of the entire Smithsonian Gardens’ team, I look forward to developing another strong plan that will continue to guide us in fulfilling our mission of enriching the Smithsonian experience through exceptional gardens, horticultural exhibits, collections, and education. I know you will agree that Smithsonian Gardens is a grand organization. We are grateful to all of you who supported the good work we accomplished in 2014. We will be counting on you to help us make 2015 another SERIOUSLY AMAZING year. Barbara W. Faust Associate Director, Smithsonian Gardens

Barbara Faust, with Mary Kent of the Garden Club of America, signing a deed of gift for garden documentation from the GCA 4

OUR MISSION Enriching the Smithsonian experience through exceptional gardens, horticultural exhibits, collections, and education

Bulbophyllum blumei Blume’s Bulbophyllum Orchid


Budget Smithsonian Gardens Federal Appropriation FY2014 $5.7M

Endowments, Royalties, Grants and Donations FY2014 Endowment Payout for Programs and Operations


Urban Bird Habitat Grant: Smithsonian Women’s Committee

$ 31,389.00

Donations and Honorariums

$ 31,145.00

Receipts from License Royalties

$ 22,823.00

Youth Access Planning Grant

$ 18,100.00

Funding from Garden Club of America to host two interns



Funding from the Katzenberger Foundation to host an intern




$600,225.00 6

During the winter of 2013/14, Smithsonian Gardens cleared over 30� of snow, double the normal average for Washington, D.C. 7


Landscape Progress Smithsonian Gardens’ landscape architect, arborist, and supervisory horticulturist worked closely with landscape contractors and representatives from the landscape architect firm GGN to select 106 specimen trees from 7 nurseries in four different states for the National Museum of African American History and Culture project. Carefully chosen for optimal habit, form, health, and vigor, these trees will be installed in the fall of 2015 as part of the permanent planting scheme of the museum.


Remembrance Poppies

A corn poppies (Papaver rhoeas ‘American Legion’) program was created to commemorate the 100th anniversary of World War I. The red flower has become an international symbol of remembrance of those who have died in war. Local U.S. Marine Corps volunteers were part of the planting; they helped horticulturists sow the seed mixture over the south lawn of the National Museum of American History in an ongoing effort to interpret American history through plants. The expectation is that these poppies will bloom to coincide with Memorial Day 2015.

In April, Smithsonian Gardens was granted approval to implement a no smoking policy in several gardens. The Haupt, Ripley and Folger Rose Gardens now join the NMAI landscape and the National Zoological Park in broadening no smoking to exterior spaces.

No Smoking!

Courtyard Renovation 9

2014 brought an enormous challenge to the interior plant staff of Smithsonian Gardens: the replacement of two 25-foot black olive trees and one 35-foot Ficus rubignosa in the Robert and Arlene Kogod Courtyard of the National Portrait Gallery and the Smithsonian American Art Museum. This 10-day operation involved a phenomenal amount of coordination with the Museums’ staff, facilities staff and contractors. 908 cubic feet of soil along with the existing plantings were removed and planters were inspected for leaks. Three new black olive trees and 180 understory plants were reinstalled.


Holiday Smithsonian Gardens staff enhances the museums’ gardens and interior spaces each year with seasonal holiday decorations. Our interior displays include large evergreen and artificial trees along with 820 yards of garland, 30+ wreaths and over 750 Smithsonian-grown poinsettias. Hand-made decorations constructed from natural materials are featured throughout the gardens as well as festive lighting. Installing the holiday displays requires coordination with multiple Smithsonian divisions; reimbursements from the museums provide the funding. This year SG participated with Smithsonian Enterprises, the National Museum of Natural History and the National Museum of American History in the planning of the first Smithsonian’s Holiday Festival Weekend. The festival featured musical performances, film screenings, book signings, trunk shows, children’s activities and additional holiday decorations within the museums all to get visitors in the holiday spirit. 10

Smithsonian Gardens is pleased to announce the publication of its first gardening book, Encyclopedia of Garden Plants for Every Location, featuring more than 3,000 plant recommendations to handle a variety of garden conditions. It was published by DK Publishing in collaboration with Smithsonian Books and Smithsonian Gardens. James Gagliardi, lead horticulturist at NMNH, served as editor for this comprehensive gardening book. To find out more about the book visit

First Gardening Book Smithsonian Gardens supported this year’s Folklife Festival by providing guidance on the initial site plans, supplying tropical foliage plants for the Kenya and China programs, managing the restoration of the Marketplace site at NMAH, and providing equipment that was used to maintain the National Mall site during the duration of the festival.

Folklife Festival Smithsonian Gardens has been noticing some unexpected garden tourists lately, thanks to an influx of geocachers to the Butterfly Habitat Garden at the National Museum of Natural History. Geocaching is a popular hobby in which participants follow online clues and GPS coordinates to find “caches” where they can log their visits. Thanks to a hidden cache near Smithsonian Gardens’ oldest living collection item, an Elm tree that predates the Natural History Museum, geocachers have found themselves unexpectedly immersed in garden spaces and have enjoyed the opportunity to learn more about American Elms.


To date, the cache has been found 1,341 times and has 209 favorite points. The cache page ( geocache/GC3QMEP_elm-tree-1-smithsonian-nmnh-geotour) has 10,383 views from geocachers from 67 countries, and that number grows every day! 11


THE LOST BIRD Smithsonian Gardens and Smithsonian Libraries were pleased to present The Lost Bird Project, an outdoor exhibit by artist Todd McGrain, through May 11, 2015. Five large-scale bronze sculptures of extinct North American birds were displayed in the gardens. Four sculptures were located in the Enid A. Haupt Garden’s parterre. The Passenger Pigeon statue landed in the Urban Bird Habitat at the National Museum of Natural History as a companion piece to the Smithsonian Libraries’ exhibit Once There Were Billions: Vanished Birds of North America which opened June 24, 2014 and will end October 2015. 12


Modern Day Extinction The Lost Bird Project recognizes the tragedy of modern extinction by immortalizing North American birds that have been driven to extinction. To date, bronze memorials have been dedicated to the Passenger Pigeon, Carolina Parakeet, Labrador Duck, Great Auk, and Heath Hen. These sculptures compel us to recognize the finality of our loss. They ask us not to forget, and they remind us of our duty to prevent further extinction. Extinction of animals, plants, and other organisms caused by human actions can often be credited to habitat destruction resulting from deforestation and pollution. Excessive hunting and fishing, the introduction of non-native species, and the transmission of diseases are also contributing factors.



Smithsonian Gardens staff played an integral role in The Lost Bird Project sculpture installation as well as the exhibit design and implementation. The sculptures arrived on a cold morning in March, wrapped and staged on a flatbed truck. SG staff assisted with moving the sculptures via a forklift, excavating the planting beds in the gardens to receive the sculptures (which were attached to an I-beam support system) and re-creating the beds around the newly installed sculptures. SG staff also designed the interpretive signage in-house, contracting for its fabrication, but accomplishing the installation in-house as well. Finally, SG put together a mobile phone tour, using narratives from the sculptor, so that visitors could hear first-hand about the history of these birds as well as the artistic process employed in the creation of these stirring artworks.


The Smithsonian Gardens Orchid Collection received accreditation from the North American Plant Collections Consortium (NAPCC) in January 2014, making it the first member of the Orchidaceae tropical species curatorial group. The conferral of this award indicates Smithsonian Gardens’ dedication to orchid conservation and high collections management standards. Smithsonian Gardens strives to cultivate an extremely diverse array of orchids from all over the world. Not only are new acquisitions selected carefully based on their display quality, educational value, beauty, rarity and how they complement our present collection, but consideration is also given to how new additions will further the efforts of NAPCC. Angreacum germinyanum Germiny's Angraecum Orchid


Wildlife Sanctuary


trengthening its commitment to environmental management and sustainability, Smithsonian Gardens has joined Audubon International’s Cooperative Sanctuary Program. This educational and certification program designates a high level of environmental stewardship.

To become certified, Smithsonian Gardens staff developed, implemented, and documented the results of an environmental management plan in 5 key areas:  Site assessment and environmental planning  Wildlife and habitat management  Water conservation  Resource management  Outreach and education Certification was achieved by SG after demonstrating that it met (or exceeded) Audubon International’s environmental management standards in all five areas. Smithsonian Gardens had already implemented several management practices required for certification including using water conservation technologies, recycling, composting, implementing an integrated pest management program, and educational training, so meeting the criteria set forth by Audubon was an obtainable goal. Working with Audubon International will help Smithsonian Gardens find new projects to enhance its urban wildlife habitat and conserve natural resources.



Garden Fest WATER, WATER, EVERYWHERE! This year’s Garden Fest took place in conjunction with both National Public Gardens Day and Drinking Water Week to promote the importance of public gardens, the value of water, and the availability of clean, safe water. The festival featured popular activities such as a Container Contest, an art project where participants created hanging planters out of recycled water bottles, Fold the Flock origami to remember the passenger pigeon, and many more. The Smithsonian Gardens Green Team provided ‘Garbage to Garden’ activities for both children and children-at-heart that focused on conservation in the garden. Team members taught us how to compost and re-use kitchen scraps to grow new plants and drew attention to the importance of water and how we can conserve it in the garden! A tour of The Lost Bird Project sculpture series in the Enid A. Haupt Garden was led by the artist Todd McGrain. Bay Jazz Project provided musical entertainment throughout the day. 16

Food in the Garden Smithsonian Gardens and the National Museum of American History co-hosted another highly successful Food in the Garden series in the Victory Garden. FOOD in the Garden 2014 explored four maritime regions where battles were waged during the War of 1812: Long Island Sound, the Chesapeake Bay, the Great Lakes, and the Gulf of Mexico. In continued celebration of the Star Spangled Banner’s 200th anniversary, 200 years of connections between land and water, and people and food provided topics of conversation for attendees while they enjoyed food and drinks in a relaxed garden atmosphere Thursday evenings in September. Over the course of five weeks, more than 600 participants attended weekly evening panel discussions, thematic demonstrations, and garden tours. The program was made possible by the generous support of DuPont Pioneer, The Julia Child Foundation for Gastronomy and the Culinary Arts, and Wegmans.


Collections In April, the Smithsonian Gardens Orchid Collection (SGOC) went live on the Smithsonian Collections Search Center (CSC). The Smithsonian CSC is an online catalog containing thousands of Smithsonian collections from our museums, archives, libraries, and research units. There are 8.1 million catalog records relating to areas for Art & Design, History & Culture, and Science & Technology with 860,477 images, videos, audio files, podcasts, blog posts and electronic journals. SG’s 8,433 orchid specimens comprise the first living collection to join the multitudes of objects, specimens, and archival records that are contained within the site. SGOC records contain basic information about each accession such as scientific name, flower color, range, taxonomy, and available photos. SGOC’s presence on the Collections Search Center has served as motivation to improve the quality and completeness of SGOC collection records in BG-BASE and correct plant identification errors. The hope is that these online records can be a resource for educators, students, researchers and curious individuals, and a source of orchid inspiration year-round.

Share Your Story As part of a new social media project, Smithsonian Gardens launched an exciting initiative by the name of ‘Community of Gardens’ that seeks to capture garden stories online. Everyone is welcome to add their own garden story to the site.

For more information, please visit:


Orchid Collection Smithsonian Gardens’ terrestrial orchids received quite a boost in numbers. Collection managers Tom Mirenda and Sarah Hedean acquired Paphiopedilums and Phragmipediums. They found many valuable additions for the collection, including a blooming-size Phragmipedium kovachii and several associated hybrids. We will hopefully see these spectacular kovachii flowers within a year. Additional Phragmipediums were obtained, including Phragmipedium brasiliense, Phragmipedium boisserianum and Phragmipedium sargentianum. All three species are new to the collection.

Tree Collection A complete tree risk and health assessment was performed on every tree in the collection at all of Smithsonian Gardens’ downtown locations. This generated a priority list of the maintenance and special monitoring needs for each tree. Assessments were started at the Anacostia Community Museum and at the Smithsonian’s support facilities in Suitland, MD. In May, the Smithsonian, the Deputy Under Secretary for Collections and Interdisciplinary Support, and the Smithsonian Collections Emergency Management Working Group recognized Smithsonian Gardens for its emergency preparedness involving the tree collection.



Greg Huse graduated from the University of Vermont with a Bachelor of Science in Forest Resource Management. He started his career as a consulting forester in New Jersey, then joined Bartlett Tree Experts and later SavATree in Connecticut. In 2007, Greg took a sabbatical to thru-hike the Appalachian Trail for six months. In 2011, he joined Smithsonian Gardens as its Arborist & Tree Collection Manager with Smithsonian Gardens.


Archives Smithsonian Transcription Center


undreds of letters written in 1924 in response to a “What Burpee’s Seeds Have Done for Me” contest that are included in the W. Atlee Burpee & Company Collection at the Archives of American Gardens were scanned and uploaded to the website resource, Smithsonian Transcription Center. ‘Digital volunteers’ transcribed the handwritten and typed letters so that they can be more easily searched and accessed for research purposes. An invaluable resource, the letters tell stories by and about the average home gardener in the U.S. during the first quarter of the 20th century.

H E L P S O LV E A M YS T E RY ! Archives of American Gardens’ holdings include over 100,000 images of historic and contemporary gardens. These images come from literally thousands of different sources and were not always accompanied by basic information (such as owner or location) that would identify them. Without this fundamental data, these images lose much of their informational value. To date, scores have been identified, but a staggering amount still need information.

Our goal is to capture America’s garden history before it’s too late! 20

Research Native Orchid Cultivation Trial

Two scholars were recipients of the Enid A. Haupt Fellowship in 2014. Dr. Lisa Horth, an THE Associate Professor of Biology at Old DominENID A. HAUPT ion University, conducted research on plantFELLOWSHIP pollinator interactions by analyzing visual cues in orchids at Smithsonian Gardens. SpecificalIN ly, she is evaluating ultraviolet signals in HORTICULTURE flowers that are visible to bees, butterflies and other pollinators (like hummingbirds) but invisible to humans. One question her research will address is when we hybridize species to create beautiful horticultural specimens, do we ignore and possibly unintentionally alter – ultraviolet patterns that pollinators use as cues to find resources like nectar and pollen. University of Michigan doctoral candidate Joe Cialdella was the second Fellow. While in residence, Joe’s research project focused on "Gardens in the City: How Gardens Changed Communities, Landscapes and Public Spaces in American Cities in the Past and Present." His dissertation title is: "Landscape of Ruin and Repair: A Cultural History of Environmental Change in the Rustbelt." Joe’s dissertation examines the cultural meaning of landscape change in "rustbelt" cities such as Detroit, Michigan. Using historic methodology, he analyzed how community gardens and parks functioned as important public spaces central to the cultural life and livelihood of American cities from the late 19th century to the present. 21

The orchid collection staff is working with the North American Orchid Conservation Center to determine the best growing techniques for endangered native orchids such as Cypripediums and Platanthera. Earlier this year staff members travelled to several sites to collect mycorrhizal fungi from wild populations for extraction, identification, fungal banking, and eventual use for seed germination and nutritional enhancement of cultivation beds in the future.





his year, Smithsonian Gardens dedicated a lovely garden area within the Mary Livingston Ripley Garden in honor of Richard Brian Anderson. This gift was made possible through a generous donation by William (Bill) Logan Hopkins. Through the years, Richard and Bill considered the Ripley Garden their “special� garden, spending time enjoying its beauty of the garden, and gleaning planting ideas and inspiration for their own garden. We are most grateful for this thoughtful gift and look forward to using it to enhance the beauty of the Ripley Garden for the benefit of all who visit. Through the years, generous donors have contributed to the beautification of the Smithsonian campus with everything from benches memorializing individuals with a love of gardens to endowments established to design, install and maintain the Smithsonian gardens. Gifts to Smithsonian Gardens have often served as catalysts for new projects and provide opportunities to fully realize our Barbara Faust with Mr. Bill Hopkins (seated) at Food vision for Smithsonian Gardens where the museum experience is extended in a public garden setting, inspiring in the Garden discussing vegetable gardening with horticulturist Joe Brunetti. visitors with innovative displays and educating about horticulture, plants, the natural environment and artistic design. Interested in helping Smithsonian Gardens do more? Visit or contact


Grants Smithsonian Gardens is grateful for continued support from the Smithsonian Women’s Committee, which came this year in the form of a second grant to fund additional work in the Urban Bird Habitat. This year’s grant funded the expansion and completion of the garden and the addition of interpretive signage. Phase II garden enhancement included the planting of over 30 native trees and countless native shrubs and perennials to add multi-season interest and important habitat components for migratory and native D.C. birds. The completion of Phase II also connected the endcaps of the garden, thus providing contiguous habitat along the entire south and west sides of the National Museum of Natural History.

Acquisitions 

Hundreds of garden slides (see below) dating from the 1950s and 1960s taken by Garden Club of America (GCA) member Adelaide Pratt of the Chestnut Hill (MA) Garden Club were donated by the GCA Archives to the Archives of American Gardens (AAG).

Garden designer Lois W. Poinier donated a scrapbook of images documenting her and her mother’s own gardens in New Jersey. The images span several decades and show in great detail how the gardens evolved over time. The scrapbook has been added to the Lois W. Poinier Collection already at AAG that includes images of Mrs. Poinier’s design work and historic glass lantern slides used for lecture purposes.

Garden designer Mary Riley Smith donated her collection of design files to AAG. Her work includes numerous rooftop gardens in Manhattan as well as public spaces such as St. John the Divine and the Colony Club in NYC. Her 1992 book, The Front Garden: New Approaches to Landscape Design, features several of her designs.

Four species of Pterostylis in the form of bulbs were donated to the Smithsonian Gardens Orchid Collection. These propagules are from orchids that won the highest possible score from the American Orchid Society for specimen plants (99 points). Since these are colony-forming species, these propagules will be clones of the highly-awarded individuals. Several bulbs of a Diuris hybrid were also received with this collection. 23





Born and raised in Nebraska, Debra earned her Bachelor’s degree in Horticulture from the University of NebraskaLincoln. During her career she’s worked for lawn care services, a botanical garden, in research, and wholesale greenhouses. For the last six years, Debra has taken a side track, growing the minds of youth instead of plants, while working as a 4-H program coordinator for UNL. We are delighted to have Debra as our new horticulturist for the Butterfly Pavilion at the National Museum of Natural History. 24



SG welcomed Matt Burch as its new horticulturist at the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden. Matt comes to us by way of the National Park Service where he was a gardener at the White House, working primarily in the First Lady’s vegetable garden. Matt also owns an organic farm in the Winchester, VA area. Additionally, Matt served in the United States Marine Corps, and has a Bachelor of Science degree from West Virginia University with a major in Horticulture and a minor in Floriculture.


2014 Staff Mike Allen Debra Austen Joseph Brice Cindy Brown Thomas Brown Joe Brunetti Matt Burch Erin Clark Joyce Connolly Francis Cooper Kelly Crawford Joe Curley Graham Davis Alexander Dencker Vickie DiBella Allison Dineen Kurt Donaldson William Donnelly Janet Draper Randy Dudley Barbara Faust Matt Fleming James Gagliardi Vanessa Garner Shelley Gaskins Jill Gonzalez Michael Guetig Tom Hattaway Paula Healy

Sarah Hedean Kevin Hill Shannon Hill Stan Hilton Monty Holmes Meredith Hubel Greg Huse Sean Jones Jonathan Kavalier Cheyenne Kim Ed Kunickis Joel Lemp Sherri Manning Brett McNish Tom Mirenda George Morgan Darlene Price Christine Price-Abelow Melanie Pyle Michael Riordan Daniel Russell Jeff Schneider Rick Shilling Jeff Smith Alex Thompson Sarah Tietbohl *New Addition *Resigned *Retired

In December, AAG staff received the Smithsonian Secretary’s Awards for Excellence in the Digital Enterprise category along with five other units who were all part of a Rapid Capture Pilot Team coordinated by SI’s Digitization Program Office. According to the citation, “This group enhanced the ability of the Smithsonian to digitize collections efficiently and share them with the world. Rapid capture projects optimize physical and digital workflow by harmonizing speed with object safety and quality imaging. These projects have demonstrated a dramatic increase in productivity.” Jeff Schneider, Grounds Manager, was recognized as a 2014 Employee of the Year by the Director of the Office of Facilities Engineering and Operations (OFEO). Jonathan Kavalier, Supervisory Horticulturist, completed the Certified Grounds Manager (CGM) program, developed by the Professional Grounds Management Society. It is the premier program of its type in the Green Industry. Sarah Hedean and Jonathan Kavalier completed the Smithsonian’s Emerging Leader Development Program, a pilot mentorship program to develop rising stars in the Institution. Sarah Hedean, Vickie DiBella, Tom Mirenda and Cheyenne Kim received a 2014 OFEO Director’s Employee of the Year award in recognition of their work on achieving NAPCC certification for the Smithsonian Gardens Orchid Collection. Brett McNish, Supervisory Horticulturist, received the National Museum of American History’s Rodris Roth Memorial Prize for his peer lecture at the Conference on Salt.


Vo l u n t e e r s

20 Years of Appreciation In 1994 Smithsonian Gardens (then the Horticulture Services Division) joined forces for the first time with the horticultural institutions, public gardens and arboreta in the Washington Metropolitan Area to honor our most valuable resource, our volunteers. During National Volunteer Week in 1994, a special day at the U.S. National Arboretum was organized to thank the many volunteers who donated countless hours supporting our institutions and programs. 2014 marked 20 years of this collective celebration of our public garden volunteers. This momentous occasion was once again marked by an Appreciation Day held at the U.S. National Arboretum in Washington, D.C. “20 Years of Celebrating Volunteers” was organized by the Horticultural Consortium of the Greater Washington Area, which invited our volunteers from D.C. area public gardens for an evening of good food, presentations, tours, door prizes and fun. The enthusiasm and dedication of this most valuable resource—our volunteers—inspire the Institution, staff, and visitors each day. Smithsonian Gardens couldn’t achieve what it does without the support of our volunteers. We look forward to celebrating the next 20 years with this devoted and talented group of individuals!


Volunteer Appreciation Day at the U.S. National Arboretum

2014 Volunteers Sonia Agosto

Patricia Cunniff

Julie Harless

Nancy McGuire

Nancy Sahli

Terry Anderson

Loretta d'Eustachio

Joan Havens

Merril Mille

Michael Salapka

Ann Balch

Shruti Dube

Jamie Ann Hester

Susan Miller

Christina Schreiner

Doris Balinsky

Denise Fayne

Lynne Hirschfeld

Patricia Mink

Carol Schremp

Patricia Bendorf

Lorraine Fishback

Gail Hodge

George Morgan

Jane Simpson

Sandra Blake

Lynn Furrow

Henry Hu

Audrey Morris

Manjeet Singh

Laszlo Bockh

Shilpa Gadwal

Johanna Janukatys

William Peters

Martha Smith

Nancy Bort

Federica Galli

Heidi Johnson

Carol Pihlstrom

Robert Sullivan

Paulina Donna Brandes

Thomas Garnett

Peter Karvellas

Bruce Pihlstrom

Diane Svenonius

Lynda Garnett

Joan Keenan

Nina Pitkin

Pat Taylor

Donice Gilliland

Maryam Keleshame

Serenity Purcell

Elizabeth Trangsrud

Linda Greensfelder

Eva Lanyi

Marcy Wasilewski

Eva Griffeth

Judith Lesser

Annette Ramirez de Arellano

Arvind Gupta

Taylor Lockett

Shyama Haniffa

Philip Maggi

Christopher Brook Susan Bruns Shahla Butler Casey Kneipp Sandra Chacko Joseph Cialdella Eugene Cross

Anne Hardman

Jeanne Maloney

Heather Hare

Norman Marks

Bryan Ramsay Stephen Robinson

Laurel Wessman Lynn White Marca Woodhams

Christine Rose Linda Rosenfeld

INTERESTED IN VOLUNTEERING? Smithsonian Gardens is a wonderful place to make a meaningful contribution, form new friendships, learn new skills, and have fun. You'll find choices to suit your interests, talents, and abilities. Specialized training will be offered to prepare you for your volunteer role. In other cases, prior experience may be necessary. If this is of interest to you, please contact or visit


Highlights Living Collections Orchids: 8,433 Trees: 1,901 Total New Accessions: 531

Education Programs: 82 Tours: 215 Attendees: 15,327

Archives of American Gardens


Documented gardens in the U.S.: 7,500

Total Interns: 11

Digitized images: 24,000

Fellows: 2

Number of collections: 42

New YES! Program interns: 2

Hand-colored glass lantern slides: 3,500

Number of Universities Represented: 10

Earliest image: 1870s



Full-time: 55

Individual purchases executed: 545

Part-time/Seasonal: 1

Budget Execution Rate: 99.8% 28

Volunteers Individual Volunteers: 54 Total Hours Contributed: 3,502

Horticulture Acres: 180 Acres Under Cultivation: 25 Greenhouses: 14 (53,000 sq. ft) Bedding plants produced: 100,000 Sustainability

Social Media

Composting: 240 cu. yds.

Voted a “Top 10 Science Museums Instagram accounts to follow�

Recycling: 144 cu. yds. plastic pots Fountain water savings: 43,000 gallons

The most visited/shared/viewed blog of all Smithsonian social media platforms: A Century of Cherry Blossom Watches Virtual Visitation Website Visits: 119,252 International Visits: 35% Facebook Likes: 4,288 Twitter Followers: 3,811 Instagram followers: 4,365 Pinterest followers: 2,235 Blog subscribers: 151 Structural Pest Control Work Orders completed: 157 29


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2014 Smithsonian Gardens Annual Report  

2014 Smithsonian Gardens Annual Report  

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