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Tuscany was the home land of the Etruscans. It was annexed by Rome in 351 B.C.

After the fall of the Roman Empire ,the region, which became known as Etruria and later Tuscany, was invaded by the barbarians.

The Goths, the Alemans, the Longobards and the Franks came down in successive waves until the 9th century.

By the 12th century many cities became Free Communes and some of them developed into strong Republics.

By the Middle Ages, the cities of Pisa, Siena, Arezzo, Pistoia, Lucca, and especially Florence had become wealthy because of textile manufacture, trade, banking, and agriculture.

There were many wars between the city states to conquer territory and power. Gradually, Florence conquered all other cities in the region.

During this period pilgrims travelled along the famous Via Francigena, the main connecting route between Europe and Rome.

Under the Medici Family, the ruling family of Florence from the 16th century to the 18th century, Tuscany became a Grand Duchy. Under the patronage of the Medici Family the arts and literature flourished. This period is known as Renaissance.

Tuscany, especially Florence, is regarded as the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance.

Florence was the city of writers such as Dante, Petrarch, and Machiavelli, and artists and engineers such as Botticelli, Brunelleschi, Leonardo Da Vinci, and Michelangelo.

Because of its dominance in literature, the Florentine language became the literary language of the Italian region and is the language of Italy today.

After the Medici Family, Tuscany was ruled by the Austrian Dukes of Lorraine. In 1808 Tuscany fell under Napoleonic dominion and it was part of the French Empire until Napoleon’s fall.

The Lorraine rule ended in 1861 when Tuscany voted in favour of annexation to Italy. Tuscany became part of the new Kingdom of Italy.

Florence became the capital of the kingdom from 1865 to 1871.Now Tuscany is part of the Italian Republic.



CLASSE 2FE A.S. 2017/2018

Tuscany and its history  
Tuscany and its history