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Welcome to Visible Strategies Sustainable Cities Indicators Database. This database has been developed over the past year by two of our doctoral level researchers, leveraging work by many of the world’s leading sustainability experts. The database is organized according to the Community Capital model developed by Mark Roseland from the Centre for Sustainable Community Development at Simon Fraser University. The Community Capital model examines communities through different lenses such as the natural environment, physical environment and culture. This database has been used effectively by many of our clients to combat "indicatoritis", which means spending too much time figuring out what to measure and how to measure rather than on actually improving performance. We hope this database helps you focus on the most important aspects of your efforts: to actually improve the sustainability performance of your community and to effectively track, report and communicate the data.

Capital Issue Area




sink output


natural resource depletion

Output to sink / capacity of sink to absorb or assimilate in tonnes CO2 emission per capita, relative to fair earth share in tonnes GHG emissions measured in metric tons of carbon equivalents Accumulated depreciation of natural resources Materials consumption per capita Renewable resources used/total natural resources used Resource (material and energy) throughput/ end use output Average # of vehicle kilometres traveled per day Vehicle kmss traveled Vehicles per household/per capita Population versus vehicle kms traveled % of city fleet converted to reduced emission fuels Ratio of fuel-efficient/fuel-inefficient vehicles Modal split in vehicle type Number of persons per registered passenger car Vehicles entering central area by mode Motor vehicle registration % of population taking each mode of transportation to work Automobile occupancy rate Average vehicle ridership for companies with 50+ employees Commuters driving alone Average commuting distance to work People with commute time 25 minutes or less % of people who live and work in city

Natural Capital

renewables Transportation


Personal Vehicle Use kms traveled vehicles per capita fleet conversion fuel efficiency ratio modal split registered passenger car modal split registration mode share occupancy ridership - companies solo commuters commuting distance commuting time live- work

Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.

park - ride Cycling Accessibility

Pedestrian friendly bike paths streets with bike routes Bicycle Utilization Pedestrian friendly Congestion Public Transit


transit revenue transit cost Transport infrastructure pass signal time roads bridges private transit Accessibility

Population living with 1500 meters of a rapid transit stop # users of public transit Ridership on fixed routes transit buses % of people choosing transit over car Annual transit ridership per capita Kms of fixed-route bus service # of minutes between buses on scheduled routes % who perceive public transit unsafe # of transit-rider trips per capita %t of transit service kms to total street kms Transit revenues per transit-rider trip, inflation adjusted Cost per transit-rider trip, inflation adjusted Public expenditure on public transit Cost of a monthly bus pass Waiting time at intersections with traffic signals Condition of roads Condition of bridges Public expenditure on private transportation Proximity to metro stops (meters) or # metro stops nearby

destinations commercial flights Trend in growth Tree planting Ecological health of green space Recreational use of green space Tree canopy

% of commuters traveling by foot, bicycle, or public transport Average daily commute for neighbourhood residents # of destinations with direct flights in/out of airport # of weekday commercial flights in/out of airport # hectares green space and /or % change # new trees planted or surface area subject to tree planting # hectares natural green space Green space per 1,000 population # hectares tree cover

users ridership

bus service time on routes unsafe perception transit ridership

Air travel Green Space

# of businesses cooperating with Park/Ride program # kilometres cycling paths # bike racks in buildings/resident # bike racks on buses bike access on rapid transit # of pedestrian friendly streets Ratio of bike paths to streets % of street kms designated bike route kms Total length of bicycle routes % cyclists vs. single passenger vehicles # meters traffic calmed streets # traffic calming initiatives in the neighbourhood # parking spaces/resident kms of highway with HOV Population living within 400 meters of a bus or metro stop

Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.

Noise pollution


% residents regularly disturbed by noxious noise (over X decibels)

Visual pollution Air Pollution

Incidence Ozone GHG Emissions Carbon budget deficit

# cases of graffiti removal per year Average annual ozone levels per capita CO2 relationship between CO2 emissions to the annual carbon storage by the environment CO2 emissions from transportation in tonnes CO2 emissions by source in tonnes CO2 emissions relative to 1990 levels in tonnes # of days air pollutants exceeding healthful levels Air quality:CO, SO2, SPM, and O3 measurements Emissions of C02 and other GHG gases in tonnes Air pollutants from stationary sources (CO, SO2, SPM, and O3 measurements) Exposure to substandard ambient air quality in days Days per year that air quality standards are met Production of acid-forming emissions Ratio of SO2 and smoke levels to EC limits Air quality index Particulate matter in air (CO, SO2, SPM, and O3 measurements) # of complaints about air quality per year Average annual concentration of fine particulate matter Pollution from nearby industries Solid waste generation in kgs Space used at landfill sites annually % reduction in landfilled solid waste volumes Highway litter - bags collected per km Average monthly residential solid waste charge Average volume of waste collected by sector (residential, commercial, institutional)

GHG emissions from transport GHG emissions bad air days

stationary sources

good air days acid-forming emissions smoke levels index Fine Particulate Matter complaints Fine Particulate Matter Solid Waste

Efficiency of waste collection (responsibility resident local government, business) Trend in Production Waste Water

% toxics produced and treated locally Volume collected per year Space left in local land fills % reduction in wastewater flows Gallons/l of waste water processed as percent of permitted capacity Real household monthly service charge for waste water treatment Volume of waste land filled per year

Recycling % of solid waste recycled % of recyclable products actually recycled Average post-consumer recycled content of city office paper purchases # of people involved in recycling initiative Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.



Volume per capita of recycled per year/diverted from landfill


Composted waste – Volume waste composted through City composting programs; e.g., leaves and Christmas trees

residential consumption total non-renewable renewable natural gas fossil-non-fossil fuel renewable gasoline non-renewable commercial non-mobile electricity electricity and natural gas heat loss commercial - industrial natural gas

Space devoted to community compositors Average annual residential electricity consumption (kj) Total energy consumption Electricity consumption from non-renewable Renewable energy use Residential natural gas therms consumed per household Proportion of energy from fossil and non-fossil fuel sources % of energy supplied from renewable sources within the state Gasoline consumption per capita Non-renewable energy use Commercial energy consumption per year Energy use (non mobile sources) Electricity consumption Electricity and natural gas use per person per year Heat loss of residential buildings Commercial/industrial natural gas therms consumed per total employment

fuel consumption Fuel consumption MWH residential residential MWH consumed per households motor vehicle per capita consumption Per capita consumption of fossil fuel by motor vehicle transport

Energy Consumption and Efficiency


MWH - commercial - industrial gasoline sales major energy sources cost Electricity Consumption

Total employment per industrial and commercial MWH consumed Per capita gasoline sales Number of counties with access to all major energy sources Cost of energy Total # kilowatts of electricity used by the neighborhoods

Energy efficient buildings # energy efficiency buildings in the neighborhoods Energy Efficiency Energy use per $ of income Conventional crude oil and natural gas (intensity of use) per capita reserve life (replacements keeping pace with extraction) # participants in energy efficiency programs consumption Water use per capita residential Residential water consumption commercial Commercial water consumption per captia Gallons/l of water used daily per person total Total water consumption demand - supply Water demand and supply consumption vs precipitation Water consumption versus total annual precipitation depletion Water resource depletion rates reduction % of residents reducing potable water use by 20 % Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.


Surface Water

Marine Life

Human and Environmental Health


Hazards / Disasters Hazardous Material

aquifer wells contamination index new septic tank permits Shellfish River water Beaches Drinkable streams Swimmable water Surface water quality Dioxin Swimmable lakes Watershed NPSR Tap water quality River quality Terrestrial & Aquatic corridors restricted fish commercial salmon over fishing wild salmon closed shellfish beds index Surface water quality

Water level in aquifer wells in m # of monitored wells showing groundwater contamination Groundwater quality index # of new septic tank permits % of estuarine areas not suitable for shellfish harvesting Quality of river water entering country / quality leaving country # of days all beaches are open for swimming % of streams you can drink from Fishable and swimmable river kms and lake hectares Fecal coliform count in surface water Kms of rivers not suitable for fishing due to dioxin % of lakes fully suitable for swimming Index of watershed naturalness Amount of road salt used on rural regional roads in tonnes # of times not compliant with dissolved oxygen standards # of river compliance with metals water standards % area stream corridors that have been protected and restored # of fish species with consumption restricted # of commercial salmon catch in watershed Ratio of overfished fisheries compared to fisheries not overfished # of wild salmon returning to spawn Hectares of of closed shellfish beds Oyster Condition Index Area of bay grasses recovering, in acres

phosphorus concentration bio oxygen in streams Toxins present in humans and environment amphibians plant song bird species at risk target populations grizzly habitat tailed frog streams for migratory fish endemic species

Level of phosphorus concentration in rural streams Biological oxygen demand of rural streams Lead levels in blood Biodiversity – amphibian - # and types Biodiversity – plant - # and types Song bird diversity or population - # and types # of species at risk Proportion of species approaching target population size Hectares of occupied grizzly habitat Tailed frog population in # Stream kms opened for migratory fish Population of endemic species for which jurisdiction has key custodial role

danger of extinction Native animals, birds and plants Occurrence Human caused disasters manufacturing per toxic chemicals

# native animal, bird and plant species in danger (of extinction) # species native animals, birds and plants # natural disasters (ice storms, flooding) # human caused disasters (arson, contamination) Manufacturing workers per kg of toxic chemicals released into the air

© 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.

nuclear fuel ozone depletion toxic chemicals contaminated sites pesticides hazardous waste

Environmental Preservation



Resource Use

pesticides use toxic materials storage tanks hazardous waste Management of toxic substances Imperilled Species and Ecological Communities Parkland Preservation Timber sustainability Forest fragmentation (i.e. due to industrial development) productive forest land base erosion

land affected by soil erosion organic matter content Wetland & Water Body Protection size and distribution Peat land Farmland Preservation Support Off-Site Land Conservation Site Design for Habitat or Wetland Conservation Restoration of Habitat or Wetlands Conservation Management of Habitat or Wetlands Steep Slope Preservation Minimize Site Disturbance During Construction Minimize Site Disturbance Through Site Design Maintain Stormwater Runoff Rates Reduce Stormwater Runoff Rates Stormwater Treatment local food

Manufacturing workers per kg of toxic chemicals released into the water Quantity of spent nuclear fuel generated each year Purchase of ozone depleting substances Toxic chemicals released or transferred Total area of contaminated sites in kms2 Consumption of pesticides in $ Hazardous waste generated in tonnes Hazardous waste generated by city operations Pesticide usage in $ # of kgs of toxic materials released into the environment # of underground storage tanks requiring cleanup $ of city purchases of hazardous materials # drop off points that safely dispose of hazardous waste

Amount of park land or green spaces per capita (ratio of timber growth (# of trees) to all timber capital depletions (in $) % change per hectare

Soil erosion per hectar/acre of cropland Average soil erosion on cultivated cropland as a proportion of tolerable rate Area of land affected by soil erosion and salinity Soil organic matter content Hectares of natural and restored wetlands Size and distribution of significant wetlands area in hectares and volume - m3

% of impervious surfaces

Sales in $ of locally produced food at farmers market

Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.

sustainable timber energy efficiency - housing


Ecological Footprint Containing Growth

field crops feed production industrial toxic chemicals farm acreages timber fish weights natural resources - harvests natural resources - values electricity cost timber sustainability ed elementary school ed testing farm program pollution awareness Footprint of Built Environment Urban and suburban areas are contained

% of harvested forest successfully restocked Affordable warmth (average energy efficiency rating of homes using Energuide) Annual size of field crops (in hectares) Feed production and use balance (ratio) Industrial use of toxic chemicals Farm acreage size (in hectares) Volume of large saw timber trees Fish landings by weight (kg) Key natural resource harvests Values of key natural resources Cost of 1,000 kWh of electricity The growth rate of timber compared to the rate of harvest # of sustainability education programs for community # of sustainability education programs at elementary schools % of students passing sustainability education test # of participants in Sustainability Farm Plan Program # of population perceiving pollution a priority Per capita ecological footprint %change in urbanized area

Physical Capital Buildings

Commercial Buildings Residential buildings


Availability homeless affordable housing distribution home ownership rate waiting time applicants homeless shelters

vacancy rehab new units new starts FAR low income -repair

# Commercial Buildings/total sq feet $Value of commercial buildings # Residential Buildings $ value of residential buildings House price in $ to income ratio # of homeless people Distribution of affordable housing throughout city Homeownership rate in % Share of new housing units going into incorporated parts of county Waiting time for subsidized housing in days/years Annual # of applicants for affordable housing Single family housing growth compared to population growth # of people using homeless shelters Yearly % increase in number of dwelling units # of houses versus population Average annual vacancy rate in % New multi-family units as % of total new residential units # of rehabilitated affordable housing units # or % of new privately-owned housing units # of new housing starts Floor area per person in housing – m2 # of low-income housing with severe physical problem

Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.

major repair inadequate housing

% of dwellings in need of major repair % of housing that is inadequate, overcrowded, or costs over 30% of income

Cost renters not living in the city 30% income on rent homeownership energy-efficient new homes housing vs renting income vs house price income vs rent income vs house mortgage

Affordability of single family home in $ % of renters who cannot afford to live in the city Low-income renters paying more than 30 % of income on rent Home ownership rate in % # of new homes that are energy-efficient Housing affordability ratio - rent prices in $ Median family income as $ of median single family house price Median family income as % of average rent on two-bedroom apartment Median family income as % of annual single family house mortgage payment

affordability income vs property tax Building Stock Quality Reduce risk of loss of life and property damage

% of households able to afford buying median single family house Median family income as a % of average property tax # of at-risk/condemned buildings % dwellings or structures located in areas with a high risk of damage (slopes, flood plains)


Water efficiency

per capita residential water consumption

Land Use

Land efficiency

population density/sq hectare


Water and Stormwater Infrastructure Efficiency

Urban Planning Best Practices

information and communications technology infrastructure integrated with utility infrastructure Compact Development ag land loss



Land Use

impervious surfaces street area biogeographical regions integrated pest management Transit-Oriented Compactness parks - green space natural areas protected forest

Level of density - FAR Agricultural land loss / total arable land in hectares Open land lost to development in sq kms Total area in hectares of significant land-use categories Rate of change of wilderness area ( in years) # of hectares of major terrestrial ecosystems # of hectares of cropland converted to developed land % of impervious surfaces Hectares of land used for streets # of biogeographical regions with adequate protected areas Hectares/acres under integrated pest management % of new residential lots within 300 m of services Land area in parks and wildlife refuges in hectares % of significant natural areas protected Forest land acres/hectares

Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.

loss of forest public open space organic vs chemical ag


Urban Planning and Affordability

Friendly Spaces

ALRS trees gained urban forest trees open space park and playgrounds land parcels conservation easements trees on public property wildlife habitat land naturalness environ sensitive areas heritage river lengths Transit Efficiency Reduced Automobile Dependence Diversity of Uses air quality noise Housing Diversity Affordable Rental Housing

Loss of primary forests / total primary forests remaining ( hectares) # of hectares of public open space Area used for organic agriculture / area used for chemical intensive agriculture (hectares) Proportion of original agricultural land reserve (ALR) still designated ALR # of trees lost and gained through multi-family development # of trees in urban 'forest' Amount of open space in urban villages (in m2) Parks and playgrounds as % of urban area # of land parcels greater than 80 acres, and greater than 160 acres Privately owned hectares placed under conservation easement # of trees on public property Area of lands under formal agreement for wildlife habitat Index of land naturalness Acres of environmentally sensitive areas Length of heritage rivers in kms

Indoor air quality in ppm # of noise complaints to local authorities

Affordable For-Sale Housing Affordable housing % of households spending 30% or more on housing Reduced Parking Footprint Community Outreach and Involvement Public infrastructure (value of services) - $ per capita Block Perimeter Locating Buildings to Shape Walkable Streets Designing Building Access to Shape Walkable Streets Designing Buildings to Shape Walkable Streets Comprehensively Designed Walkable Streets Street Network Pedestrian Network Maximize Pedestrian Safety and Comfort Superior Pedestrian Experience Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.

Applying Regional Precedents in Urbanism and Architecture Transit Subsidy Transit Amenities Access to Nearby Communities Adaptive Reuse of Historic Buildings Contaminated Brownfield Redevelopment Adjacent, Infill or Previously Developed Sites Contribution to Jobs-Housing Balance

Green Buildings

School Proximity Access to Public Spaces Certified Green Building Energy Efficiency in Buildings Water Efficiency in Buildings Heat Island Reduction Infrastructure Energy Efficiency On-Site Power Generation On-Site Renewable Energy Sources

% of green buildings located within 300m of public spaces % of LEED eligible buildings constructed

Efficient Irrigation Grey water & Stormwater Reuse Wastewater Management Reuse of Materials Recycled Content Regionally Provided Materials Construction Waste Management Comprehensive Waste Management Light Pollution Reduction

Energy Systems

Contaminant Reduction in Brownfield Remediation Diversity of energy sources % buildings capable of connecting to low temperature thermal network Renewable energy % energy supplied by clean/renewable energy sources

Economic Capital Economic Well-being

economic growth Economic growth (real GDP $ per capita) economic diversity Economic diversity (distribution of GDP) $ per capita trade balance Trade balance (exports less imports) in $ per capita real disposable income Real disposable income - $ per capita Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.

Perverse subsidies Manufacturing


Non-paid Work



Eco-industrial waste reuse Locally sourced Revenue Generation Urban Agriculture


wage personal consumption transportation expenditures growth of taxes subsidies production and business services productivity jobs wage and salary office vacancies ranking R and D Government subsidies Household work Parenting and eldercare Free (leisure) time volunteer time Household appliances and infrastructure low income Children

Real weekly wage rate - $ per capita Personal consumption expenditures - $ per capita Transportation expenditures - $ per capita Average annual growth of real taxes - $ per capita Amount of federal $ going to fossil fuel based industries % of GDP from secondary production and business services % of manufacturing productivity # of jobs in value-added manufacturing Manufacturing wage and salary jobs as a percent of total jobs % of firms vacant / office vacancy rate Province/state rank in high-tec technology R and D seed money to green firms % of gross income going to government subsidies time use in hours per capita time use in hours per capita time use in hours per capita time use in hours per capita $ per capita % living below LICO – low income cut-off % of students eligible for free or reduced price lunch % or # of children receiving AFDC (Aid to Families with Dependent Children)

Volume of waste converted for use

% or # recipients on more than 24 consecutive months of AFDC Unemployment rate (%) by ethnicity Discrimination in the workplace # of registered complaints % % % of employment by sector % of employment by top five employers % of occupational distribution of women and minorities in tonnes or kg

Internal procurement Local purchasing by residents

% of locally sourced commodities $ of revenue for local independent stores generated from residents

Vegetable and Fruit production commercial crops

% land area of block that is used for urban agriculture # of commercial crop varieties % of agricultural employment % of agricultural employment Bushels of food grown per unit with no chemical fertilizers and pesticides % residents consuming local produce (w/I and outside of neighborhoods) Grocery stores within 10 min access in neighborhoods

unemployment discrimination Unemployment (rate) Under-employment Employment

ag employment Organic food local produce Food Access

Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.

Community Economic Economic growth Development Local Economy Home-based businesses New Business Resident Managed Spaces Job creation

Employment Unemployment


Sustainable Business

Capital Available Tourism

wage and salary net job growth new bus job growth wage and salary Success of Commercial Activity Professional Services Family-owned businesses Diversity Home ownership Livable wage unemployment full time work long-term unemployment real unemployment employment prof occupations building permits business establishments Sales retail sales retail sales vs personal income freight transport containers freight shipping bankruptcies Green Industry sustainability goals civic event participation green bus start-ups products and services services, products, tec green jobs Loans hotel bed tax

Year over year growth of economy in area # home based businesses # of new incorporations annually % of commercial spaces rented/managed by residents % residents working in neighborhoods and # of outsiders coming into community for work Total # of wage and salary jobs per employed resident % of net job growth % of job growth among new businesses total # of wage and salary jobs % of empty storefronts # or % professional service organizations located within community ratio of family-owned businesses to chain stores Ethnic diversity of business owners # of residents receiving mortgages for primary residences % of families with adults earning a livable wage Unemployment Rate % of residents who want to work full time who actually work full time % of long-term unemployment % of real unemployment (estimated) Employment rate (%) Professional, technical and managerial occupations as % of total # of building permits issued # of business establishments $ spent in locally-owned businesses Retail sales in $ per capita Retail sales as a % of personal income % of all manufacturing freight transported by rail, air, or water # of containers transported through seaport (TEU's) Freight shipping availability in non-metro areas # of bankruptcies % wealth created through sustainable business activities (e.g. green technology companies, etc.) % of organizations that have adopted sustainability goals # of business participating in school and civic events # of new (green) business starts ups % of companies developing new products or services # of environmental services, products and technologies exported # of green jobs Volume of $ invested into loans Value added in $ in hotel and lodging industry Tourism/bed-tax revenues in $

Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.



employment eco-tourism index business loans farm income debt natural resource depletion NDP R and D environ permits forest products ag value added business personal property muni infrastructure gross state product ind and commercial property $ in local banks residential and bus properties building permits assessed value of real estate good exported GSP Distribution inequality gap disparity high income low income

personal income earnings family income index income urban - rural income Salary equality household paid work Livable wage inequality gap

rate of savings

Employment in hotel and lodging industry in % or # # and revenue from eco-tourism agencies Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare # and value of business loans in low income area % of products and services where price reflects life-cycle cost Energy and machinery expenses as % of gross farm income Household and personal debt - $ per capita GDP per capita adjusted for natural resource depletion Environmentally adjusted Net Domestic Product % of GDP spent on research and development Market value of environmental permits traded or sold Growth in value added in forest products industry (paper and lumber) Agriculture value added as a % of gross sales Value of business personal property per worker in $ Annual capital $ invested in municipal infrastructure Per capita gross state product as $ of GNP Value of industrial and commercial property in $ Total $ per capita deposited in local banks annually Value in $ of residential and business properties Value in $ of building permits Assessed value in $ of real estate per capita, inflation adjusted Value in $ of goods exported internationally Gross State Product rate of increase vs. N.E. GSP rate of increase Distribution of wealth ($ per capita) Income distribution Average income of the bottom and top 20 % Income disparity among counties (in %) Households with incomes more than 200% above poverty line Population in areas with per capita income less than 70 % of national average Effective buying income in $ per capita Personal income in $ per capita Average earnings in $ per job Median family income as % of national median Cost of living index Per capita income as % of provincial/state average Per capita income in non-metropolitan areas Ratio of highest incomes to lowest incomes in neighborhoods # of hours per worker % of jobs that pay a livable wage for a family of two Corporate executive to production worker wages (ratio) % of jobs that did not pay a self-sufficiency wage Hours of labour required to meet basic needs % of disposable personal income being saved

Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.

poverty welfare children in poverty Social assistance rates Wealth of residents medium income manufacturing wage food stamps welfare length of time

Population areas with poverty more than 1.5 times provincial rate % or # of people living below the poverty line % of residents living in poverty/on welfare % of children living in poverty % of population on social assistance % of residents earning living wage median income Manufacturing wage and salary earnings as a percent of total income # of food stamp recipients Length of time on welfare (months) # or % of residents receiving welfare assistance

Human Capital Population


Growth total Migration

Population growth in # or % Total population in # Population density in neighbourhoods, municipalities

Migration Structure Access to care obstacles Children

Net migration gain and loss in # or % Age trends in population in % % of emergency room use for non-emergency purposes % of people identifying obstacles for obtaining health care % of asthma hospitalization rate for children % children born at or above normal birth weight levels Rate of hospitalization of children Infant mortality in % Health care as % of income Health care cost relative to total provincial - state/local expenditure Total health care expenditures in $ Death in # from stroke per 100,000 population Deaths in # from lung cancer per 100,000 population Deaths in # from stress and immune system failures Health limitations on school/work/activity Deaths in # from heart disease per 100,000 population Deaths from all cancers per 100,000 population # of syphilis cases per 100,000 % of pop with diabetes % of pop infected % of pop with cancer # of HIV/AIDS cases per 100,000 # of breast cancer deaths per 100,000 women # of tuberculosis cases reported/100,000 population % of 100,000 per population obese % per capita % of problem gamblers in rehab council ling Density of alcohol outlets in particular areas (ratio)

Health care cost


Addictions Problem gambling Alcohol and drug use

Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.

# of alcohol outlets per capita % of population who smoke % of alcohol and drug use reported by youths % of cigarette use by youth at grades 5, 7, 9, 12 % of cocaine use by youth at grades 5, 7, 9, 12 Death in # per 100,000 related to tobacco and alcohol % of population who use illicit drugs # of police incidents related to alcohol & other drugs Healthy diets for children Life expectancy Perceived quality of life % of population who are physically active Student fitness test scores % of people who eat 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables per day % of households engaged in weekly athletic events/exercise

Nutrition Q of L Fitness fitness test Nutrition weekly exercise



Insurance uninsured uninsured children Health Care Options Physicians Mortality Infant mortality Premature mortality (from all causes except suicide) Traffic fatalities prenatal

Teen Pregnancy Education Adults



% of population covered by health insurance # of households with at least 1 uninsured member % of children without health insurance # modalities of alternative health care within 20 minute transit ride # of physicians/1000 residents Deaths per 100,000 population ages 0-64 % of low birth weight infants per capita per 100,000 population per capita per 100,000 population # of auto fatalities per 100,000 population % of women receiving adequate prenatal care # of births to mothers without 12 years of education # of births to single mothers # of substance-exposed newborns per 1,000 live births # of births to females under 18 per 1,000 live births Incidences of teen pregnancy % of residents involved in life-long education # or % of adult education enrolment % of persons retainable with existing funds % of population with high school diploma % of adults with associate's, bachelor's or graduate degree % of adults with post-secondary education Waiting time (in days/months) for adult ESL courses # of children on subsidized childcare waiting list # of child care spaces needed in each age group Nursery education (# of children attending pre-school) # or % of students entering postsecondary education Rate of college graduation (five year rate in years)

Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.

# of technical school graduates employed in field Tuition net cost as % of disposable income # of degrees awarded from regional universities and community colleges # of high school graduates pursuing advanced training # of pupils completing college entrance requirement Operating expenditure in $ per student numeracy rate Literacy rate in %

Schools Skills

Sustainability curriculum



age of trade workers Volunteers Youth tv drop-outs

# of high school graduates needing remediation in community colleges or state univ. Achievement Test Scores % of districts with mean test scores equal/above state average % of districts with graduation rate above provincial/state average Frequency of sustainable topics/units in K-12 curricula Sustainable development literacy of the public (# of events/programs) # of schools in sustainability curriculum school program Ethnic diversity of teaching staff in % Student/teacher ratio Education level of faculty in years ethnic diversity of teachers Average teacher salary in $ Employer-sponsored training for front-line employees in $/days # of residents in job training programs # of residents in vocational programs # of students in job prep programs % of post-secondary graduates finding employment in their field Average age of commercial fish harvesters in years # of volunteers involved in schools # of community volunteer programs to support schools % of High school graduation rates % of students failing 1st grade # of hours of television and video use by 6th graders per week school dropout rate (%) schools with 12th grade dropout rate over 10% (# or %) % of population with various levels of completed education

taxes for education local bus employment

% of taxes going towards education # of local businesses hiring youth from neighborhoods

Sports teams Local education Literacy

# residents participating in community sports teams % children attending neighborhoods schools # of public library items circulated per person

Social Capital Community cohesion

Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.

# of public library materials per capita Connectedness

community gardens sufficiency family distance civic participation trust Neighborhoods Friendliness


Diversity International Exposure



women Effectiveness and satisfaction

trust Community Civicness




# of community gardens % of people who say they have “enough� Average distance between residences of extended family members Amount of citizen participation in community projects People feeling they can rely on others in community for help % who say most people can be trusted Neighborhoods livability or neighbourliness as rated by residents # of neighbours who actively interact with at least 10 other neighbours # of discrimination complaints filed # of people experiencing racism # of families having exposure to living/traveling to international, culturally diverse locations % of families with at least one member who speaks another language fluently % eligible voters voting in local elections Ratio of racial and ethnic representation in Legislature # women and minorities in the work force accessibility for people with special needs Racial/gender diversity of city council members # of women legislators or officers Taxpayer satisfaction with services Citizen satisfaction with state government services # of stated goals and established measures for local or state budget % who trust local government vs federal government % who believe that most of every tax dollar paid is wasted by government $ and % of campaign contributions from small contributors # of community representation on health boards # of people who can name two city council members Visibility of local issues Voting rate of registered voters (in %) % of households participating in residents or ratepayer associations % of voter participation in primary elections % of voter turnout for municipal elections % of eligible voters registered % of residents involved in creating or managing voluntary organizations in the neighborhoods % of citizen volunteer advisors to gov't who felt their contributions were respected # volunteer hours/capita Volunteer rate % of people who volunteer at least 50 hours per year # of youth involved in community service # of active advisory committees meeting once per month

Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.

Leadership Investments in sustainable development

Regulation Services balanced revenue tax burden Children Family

Divorce and family breakdown Divorce

students single parent foster care runaways abuse services Participatory Planning budget items Collaboration/Partners partnerships hips Public Safety feeling of safety

Neighbourhood watch police protection Traffic injuries deaths Services Crime Violence

Juvenile Crime

Charitable contributions in $ # of candidates running for public office Foundation $ spent/allocated on long-term sustainability initiatives in community Amount of $ donations from private residents in community organizations and charities % of sustainable development compatible legislation City human services expenditures per capita in $ Fiscal stability and balanced revenue in $ Provincial/state and local tax burden in % # of households satisfied with childcare arrangements # of subsidized child care spaces % of marriages that ended in divorce # of children involved in divorce per 1,000 children # of divorces involving children # of students who move more than once a year % of family groups with only one parent living with a child under age 18 # of children in foster care per 1,000 children # of runaways per 1,000 children Abuse and neglect of children # of children receiving protective services for abuse/neglect # of budget items public actively determines/voted on # of plebiscites/bond offerings public decides/votes on # of partnerships and $ successfully secured % of residents who feel safe in own neighborhoods % of people feeling safe walking alone at night % of residents who decreased park use due to fear # of Neighborhoods Block Watch groups # of police officers per 1,000 people % of traffic injuries to cyclists/pedestrians (from police reports) % of pedestrians and pedal cyclists feeling safe # of deaths from all accidents per 100,000 population # of traffic accident deaths per capita Average rescue call response time in minutes # of emergency calls per capita crime rate # of violent crimes on public transit Violent crime rate # of domestic assaults reported per 100,000 population Homicide rate per 100,000 # of rapes reported per 10,000 population # of calls to Rape Crisis Centre Juvenile crime rate

Š 2007 Visible Strategies Software Inc.

Incarceration rates domestic abuse hate crime

% of pop # of calls # of incidence Crime victims as # of population # or % of property crimes to total crime incidents # or % of total crime incidents # of police per 1000 residents # residents without shelter # of suicide attempts of 12th grade students Suicide rate per 100,000

Property motor vehicle thefts Homelessness Mental Health

Shelter suicide

Cultural Capital Traditions

Aboriginal Peoples


Heritage buildings

Sense of place

celebrations Participation employment local productions


% speaking traditional languages % participating in traditional activities % existing buildings over x amount of years preserved




Accessibility park attendance opportunities to participate museums community centres bookings Cost financial support rec facility funding art expenditures park land use trails public access conservation land participation

# community celebrations throughout year % residents actively participating in celebrations # artists who earn at least 15% of their income from sales of their work % cultural productions presented locally which contain local theatre/dance companies and local artists # of arts events/performances at public sites Per capita spending on cultural activities # of people using recreation facilities each month Attendance at public park per km of trail # of opportunities to participate in art (theatre, etc) # of people served by museums and arts events # of community centers per capita # of event/days of bookings at city facilities City parks/rec expenditures per capita in $ City financial support of arts organizations per capita in $ Funding amounts and sources for recreation facilities in $ per capita Major art expenditures in $, % of budget Hectares of park lands per capita Recreational trails in kms # of public access sites on lakes and rivers Hectares of conservation land intended for public use # and size of recreational, cultural and spiritual sites Attendance at major arts events or cultural facilities Public participation in the arts

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Visible Strategies