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King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences COSHP Midterm 1: Introduction to Academic Writing: Chapter 7, Compare & Contrast English 111

Name of Student: ____________________________________ Student Number: ___________________________________ Group _________ MARK:

_______

/ 15 marks

Instructions: Part 1: Read the 2 paragraphs on page 2-3 below and answer the questions that follow on page 34. Part 2: Fill the gaps in the paragraph on page 4 with the words given in the box above it. Add commas as needed according to the punctuation criteria.

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Paragraph 1: High School & College (1)Even though high school and college are both places of learning, they differ in at least three ways. (2)The first difference between high school and college is their social atmospheres. (3)In high school the building is usually smaller, so most students know each other. (4)In addition, students in high school have the same six-hour 7:40 to 2:30 day, which helps them to know one another better. (5)At college people are constantly coming and going, rarely seeing the same person twice in one day. (6)The second difference between high school and college is their policies about homework. (7)In high school, homework is usual. (8)Knowing they have to submit assignments in algebra or history makes students keep up with these subjects. (9)In college most homework consists of just studying; very little of it is written and turned in.(10) If students do their homework, it is to their advantage; if they do not, the teachers will not force them to. (11)The student is only wasting his own money if he neglects his course work. (12)The third and last difference between high school and college is their attendance policies. (13)In high school, students must attend class or their parents will be called. (14) In college, students may skip classes if they choose and refer to the syllabus to get missed assignments or tests. (15)It is the student’s responsibility to make work up. (16) In spite of these differences between high school and college, they both serve the same purpose — to prepare an individual for the real world.

Paragraph 2: Lars Ulrich vs. Mike Portnoy (1)Lars Ulrich, the drummer for Metallica, and Mike Portnoy, the drummer for Dream Theatre, share some common similarities, and some great differences in their playing style and kit setup. (2) Both Lars and Mike play Tama drums, with full maple shells. (3)Remo heads provide the resonance for both Mike and Lars. (4)Both drummers play the majority of their songs with a driving bass line, coming from the bass drums. (5)When given the chance to solo, both drummers can produce some amazing sounding beats. (6)They take the cymbals and mix them together in a rather simple sounding way, with unparalleled rhythm. (7)Both drummers possess amazing speed and control behind the kit. (8)Their coordination is above most other drummers of today’s music. (9)However, even though they both play Tama drums, Lars uses a more traditional “metal” double bass drum setup, and Mike plays a much larger triple bass drum kit.

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(10)Mike also incorporates some things into his kit that Lars does not. (11)Mike brings a lot more percussion elements than drums, such as granite blocks, a cowbell, chimes, and a gong. (16)Mike uses two thrones (seats) behind his kit, to help him move around the kit between songs, while Lars has one, and brings his kit in closer to him. (17)Lars prefers a simpler double bass setup, with much fewer cymbals than Mike uses. (18)Portnoy prefers his Sabian cymbals, while Ulrich rocks out hard on his Zildjian cymbals. (19)Lars tunes his bass drums to give a rich, driving sound, while Mike tunes his down to a sharp attack. (20)Lars prefers to drive hard on the bass drum, as opposed to Mike who uses quick kicks in different sequences to produce a lighter sounding bass drum. (21)Mike uses Pro Mark sticks, while you can find Ahead 5B sticks in Lars’ hands. (22)While there are some similarities and differences between the two, both can be considered masters of their craft.

Part 1 1. What is the main focus of paragraph 1? a. Differences of high school and college b. Similarities of high school and college c. Similarities and differences of high school and college d. Types of activities to do in high school and college 2. What is the main focus of paragraph 2? a. Similarities of Lars Ulrich and Mike Portnoy b. Differences of Lars Ulrich and Mike Portnoy c. The humor of Lars Ulrich and Mike Portnoy d. Similarities and differences of Lars Ulrich and Mike Portnoy 3. What kind of organization did the writer use for paragraph 1? a. Block organization b. Point-by-point organization c. Narrative d. Descriptive organization

4. What kind of organization did the writer use for paragraph 2? a. Descriptive organization b. Point-by-point organization c. Narrative d. Block organization 5. Which sentence contains the topic sentence in paragraph 1? a. Sentence 1 b. Sentence 2 c. Sentence 3 d. Sentence 4

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6. Which sentence contains the topic sentence in paragraph 2? a. Sentence 1 b. Sentence 4 c. Sentence 6 d. Sentence 2

7. Which sentence breaks up the unity in paragraph 2? a. Sentence 4 b. Sentence 5 c. Sentence 6 d. Sentence 9 8. What kind of sentence is sentence 18 in paragraph 2? a. A complex sentence to show comparison b. A compound sentence to show comparison c. A complex sentence to show contrast d. A compound sentence to show contrast

Part 2 however likewise another difference but on the other hand

similarly

whereas

also

while

Even though Arizona and Rhode Island are both states of the U.S., they are different in many ways. For example, the physical size of each state is different. Arizona is large, having an area of 114,000 square miles, Rhode Island is only about a tenth the size, having an area of only 1,214 square miles. ___________ is in the size of the population of each state. Arizona has about four million people living in it,

___________

Rhode Island has less than one million. The

two states also differ in the kinds of natural environments that each has. For example, Arizona is a very dry state, consisting of large desert areas that do not receive much rainfall every year. ___________ Rhode Island is located in a temperate zone and receives an average of 44 inches of rain per year. In addition, ___________ Arizona is a landlocked state and thus has no seashore, Rhode Island lies on the Atlantic Ocean and does have a significant coastline.

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in the same way while

both

likewise

another similarity

similarly

whereas

too

however

Even though we come from different cultures, my wife and I are alike in several ways. For one thing, we are thirty-two years old. In fact, our birthdays are in the same month, hers on July 10 and mine on July 20. _________ is that we both grew up in large cities. Helene was born and raised in Paris and I come from Yokohama. Third, our hobbies are alike _________. My wife devotes a lot of her free time to playing jazz piano. _________, I like to spend time after work strumming my guitar. A more important similarity concerns our values. For example, Helene has strong opinions about educating our children and raising them to know right from wrong. I feel _________. Our children should receive a good education and also have strong moral training.

Part 3: Vocabulary Choose the correct vocabulary word or phrase to complete each passage. a. connections f.

chopsticks

b. technology

c. download

d. customs

f. embarrassing

h. stay in touch

i.

comment

e. sound card j. hug

1.

Almost every culture has a practice that stands out as strange or odd. The Chinese custom of eating with _______________ attracts attention anywhere it’s practiced. For those who have never seen it, it’s a very admirable art to observe.

2.

Yasser opted to _________________ the entire James Bond movies onto his desktop so he can always have quick access to it. His optimism, however, caused him problems because it slowed down his new computer.

3.

One of the most ________________________ episodes in Hafiz’s life was when he finished eating a meal in an upscale restaurant, only to find out that he had dropped his wallet when he came up for payment.

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4.

Yusra’s family means a lot to her: she purchases any gadget on the market, regardless of the price tag, in order to ___________________ with her family.

5.

If one begins to experience distortions and poor quality in one’s computer’s sound, more likely than not, the computer’s ________________ may be spoilt. It is normally smarter to buy a new computer than try to fix a broken one.

Part 4: Error Analysis Each sentence has two mistakes; correct them as you see fit. 1. While, George works as a cartographer's assistant 15 hours per week Paul works 20 hours per week as an usher in a theater. 2. Kim and Tom have different tastes in music and food; however, they both like to dance. 3. They not only loved their subjects and were able to transfer that passion to their students.* 4. Although, he ate a really big dinner now he wants to eat cake for dessert. 5. I always find writing essays difficult I usually leave them to the last minute. Find 4 ways to re-write this run-on sentence: I rushed out to the shop I had no milk left. 1._______________________________________________________________________________ 2. _______________________________________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________________________________ 4. _______________________________________________________________________________

All the best with your Midterm Exam!

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