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Chapter 6/Interactions 1 Cultures of the World Cross-Cultural Conversation culture

the beliefs, way of life, art, and customs that are shared and accepted by people in a particular society

view

opinion

concept

a principle, idea, notion

situation

state, condition

misunderstanding

when someone does not understand something correctly

miscommunication failure to communicate ideas or intentions successfully member

a person, animal or thing which is part of a group

various

many, different

anecdote

a short story based on your personal experience

attempt

to try to do something, especially something difficult

exclusive

available only to particular people, and not shared, restricted

cross-cultural take part background facial expression

involving two or more different cultures participate someone's family, education, previous work etc a look on someone's face that shows what they are thinking or feeling

legacy

something that is a part of your history or which stays from an earlier time

ancient

very old

universal

existing everywhere or involving everyone, global , worldwide

to vary

differ , change

proud

feeling pleased about something that you have done

architecture

the art and practice of planning and designing buildings

magnificent

very good or beautiful, and very impressive

essential

extremely important and necessary

museum

a building where important

cultural, historical, or scientific objects are kept

and shown to the public to experience

go through • live through, undergo

theater

a building or place with a stage where plays and shows are performed

concert

a performance given by musicians or singers -1-


interrupt

to stop someone from continuing what they are saying or doing by suddenly speaking to them

apologize

to tell someone that you are sorry that you have done something wrong

significant

important

significance

the importance of an event, action etc,

civilization

human society with its highly developed social organizations

to civilize

to improve someone's behavior

civilized

polite and behave in a calm and reasonable way

to wave

move something from side to side, make a sign

amazing

surprising • astonishing

discovery

finding something for the first time

invent for instance figure out

to make, design, or think of a new type of thing, create for example to think about a problem or situation until you find the answer or understand what has happened

astronomy

the scientific study of the stars and planets

calendar

a printed table showing all the days, weeks and months of the year

achievement

something important that you succeed in doing by your own efforts

humanity legacy soft

people in general, mankind money or property that you receive from someone after they die not loud or easily noticed: a soft voice/sound

develop

to grow or change into a more advanced, larger or stronger form

organize

to make arrangements for something to happen

government tool

the group of people who officially control a country a piece of equipment which you use with your hands to make or repair something

weapon native contradict to grin to object contrasting argue

something that you use to fight with or attack someone with growing, living in one particular place [= indigenous] native people to state the opposite of what someone else has said to smile widely say that you oppose or disapprove of something very different to state, giving clear reasons, that something is true -2-


support

approval, encouragement, and perhaps help for a person, idea, plan etc

appreciate

used to thank someone in a polite way : appreciate the support

emphasis

special attention or importance

to nod

to move your head up and down in order to show agreement

vigorous

using a lot of energy and strength, energetic

universal

worldwide , global

go on

continue

media

all the organizations, such as television, radio, and newspapers, that provide news and information for the public

joke advertise finally convincing sameness

something that you say or do to make people laugh to tell the public about a product or service in the end • at last making you believe that something is true or right the quality of being very similar to something else + difference

greet

to say hello to someone or welcome them

title

a word which is used before someone's name, stating their social rank, qualifications, position

casual

not formal

diverse

very different from each other

diversity motion

the fact of including many different types of people or things, variety a single movement of the hand or head in order to communicate something [= gesture]

gesture

a movement of part of your body, especially your hands or head, to show what you mean or how you feel

amusing

funny and entertaining

contribute

to give money, help, ideas etc to something

make sense

to have a clear meaning and be easy to understand

painting

the act or skill of making a picture, using paints

include

have as a part

pleasant

enjoyable or attractive and making you feel happy, nice

opposing

opposing ideas, opinions etc are completely different from each other

viewpoint

opinion

conclude

to end something such as a meeting or speech by saying one final thing -3-


exchange attitude be of interest

the act of giving something in return for something received: exchange ideas the opinions and feelings that you usually have about something be interesting to someone)

emotion

a strong human feeling such as love, hate, or anger

prefer

to like, choose or want one thing rather than another

directness

the quality of being clear or easy to understand

moderate

not very large or very small, very hot or very cold, very fast or very slow etc, mild

custom

something that you usually do every day, or in a particular situation, habit

tourist

someone who is travelling or visiting a place for pleasure [traveller]

terrible

extremely bad [= horrible, awful]

customer patient turn can’t stand pain annoyed

someone who buys goods or services from a shop, company etc able to wait calmly for a long time without becoming angry the time when it is your chance, duty, or right to do something can’t bear, cannot tolerate the feeling you have when part of your body hurts slightly angry [= irritated]

insult

to offend someone by saying or doing something they think is rude

ignore

pay no attention to something

rudely

impolitely

whisper

say something very quietly

delicious

having a very pleasant taste or smell, tasty

to empty

to remove everything that is inside something

burst

break open or apart suddenly, break into pieces

beg

to ask for something in an anxious or urgent way, plead

insist

to demand that something should happen

accept

agree to do something that someone asks you to do [≠refuse]

pitcher

jug

hitchhike

to travel to places by getting free rides from drivers of passing cars

successful

having the effect or result you intended

to motion

to give someone directions by moving your hand or head [= signal]

mean confused

cruel or not kind unable to understand or think clearly -4-


impress

to make someone feel admiration and respect

to bow

to bend the top part of your body forward in order to show respect

hug

to put your arms around someone and hold them tightly to show love or friendship

[= embrace]

compliment

a remark that shows you admire someone or something

appearance

the way someone or something looks to other people

contradict

to disagree with something, especially by saying that the opposite is true

determine

decide

gift

present

opposition

disagreement with, or protest against, something such as a plan, law, or system

oppose

to disagree with something such as a plan or idea, be against

missing

not present or not included in something

excel fit anthropology behavior crop

to do something very well, or much better than most people suit the scientific study of people, their societies, cultures etc the things that a person or animal does, conduct the amount of wheat, rice, fruit etc that is produced in a season [= harvest]

concern

a feeling of worry about something important

presently

at the present time [= now], currently

evidence

facts or signs that show clearly that something exists or is true, proof

disparate

consisting of things or people that are very different and not related to each other

cattle

cows and bulls kept on a farm for their meat or milk

huge

extremely large in size, amount, or degree [= enormous]

scholar

an intelligent and well-educated person

reasoning

a process of thinking carefully about something in order to make a judgment

pinpoint

to find or show the exact position of something

distinct

clearly different or belonging to a different type

cereal vast

a plant grown to produce grain, for example wheat, rice etc extremely large, huge, giant

vastly

very much

staple

a food that is needed and used all the time

domesticate raise animals

to make an animal able to work for people or live with them as a pet [↪ tame] to look after animals so that they can be sold or used as food -5-


species

a group of animals or plants whose members are similar and can breed together

current

present

cast doubt

to make people feel less certain about something

missionary

someone who has been sent to a foreign country to teach people about a religion

-6-

Chapter 6 cultures of the world interaction 1 vocab  
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