Page 1

Chapter 2/Interactions 2 City Life A City That’s Doing Something Right creative

imaginative/inventive , full of ideas

collection

bringing things together

issue

a subject or problem that is often discussed or argued about, social issues

urban

relating to towns and cities ≠rural

pollution

limit

the process of making air, water, soil etc dangerously dirty and not suitable for people to use to control something so that it is not greater than a particular amount, number or level

outdoors

outside, not in a building [≠indoors]

to address

if you address a problem, you start trying to solve it

variety

many different types of things or people

aspiration

something that you hope to achieve

pride

a feeling of pleasure for something you have achieved

advantage

something that helps you to be more successful than others

common

belonging to or shared by two or more people or things

solution

the answer to a problem

feature

a quality or an important part of something

modern

made or done using the most recent designs or methods [= up-to-date]

growth

an increase in the size or the importance of something

predict

expect, foretell

nightmare

an unpleasant event or experience

population

all the people living in a particular country, area or place

overcrowded

containing too many people or things

due to

because of

crime

an illegal activity

gridlock

a situation where roads in a town become so blocked by cars, traffic jam

horrible

very unpleasant or bad

commute

to regularly travel a long distance to get to work

-1-


access

the right to enter a place, use something, see someone etc

worsen

to become worse or make something worse [≠improve]

mayor

the person who has been elected to lead the government of a town or city

affluent

rich

prove

to show that something is true

resident

living or staying in a place

former

happening or existing before, previous

architect

someone whose job is to design buildings

practical

a practical person is good at dealing with problems, reasonable

leadership

the position of being the leader of a group

priority

something that is very important and must be dealt with before other things

income

money that is earned from doing work

exchange

the act of giving someone something and receiving something else from them

trash

garbage

neighborhood

an area of a town or city

produce (noun) recycle

food or other things that have been grown or produced on a farm to be sold to put used objects or materials through a special process so that they can be used again

environment

the air, water and land in or on which people, animals and plants live

mass-transit

methods of transport by which large numbers of people can travel around a city

subway

a railway system that runs under the ground below a big city [= underground]

load

to put a large quantity of something into a vehicle or container [≠unload]

pleasant

enjoyable or attractive and making you feel happy [= nice]

crop

the amount of wheat, rice, fruit etc that is produced in a season [= harvest]

a drug addict

someone who is unable to stop taking drugs

volunteer

to offer to do something without expecting any reward

cultivate

to plant and take care of a particular crop [= grow]

herbal

made of herbs

syrup

a type of sweet liquid medicine

to counsel

to advise someone

encourage

to give someone the courage or confidence to do something -2-


allow

permit

willing

prepared to do something, or having no reason to not want to do

incorporate

to include something as part of a group, system, plan etc

take advantage

to use a particular situation to do or get what you want

pedestrian

someone who is walking

zone

area

Recommend

to say that something or someone is good for a particular purpose or job

dweller

a person or animal that lives in a particular place

symbol

a sign, shape or object which is used to represent something else

bloom

a flower or flowers: beautiful red blooms

imply

suggest

infer consist symptom

to form an opinion that something is probably true because of information that you have to be made of or formed from something something wrong with your body or mind which shows that you have a particular illness, sign

syndrome

an illness which consists of a set of physical or mental problems

tiredness

feeling tired

infection

a disease that affects a particular part of the body and is caused by bacteria a virus

mysterious

difficult to explain or understand, strange

expert

someone who has a special skill or special knowledge of a subject

investigate

to examine a crime, problem, , etc. carefully to discover the truth

nationwide

happening or existing in every part of the country, everywhere

smog

dirty air that looks like a mixture of smoke and fog

mold

or

a soft green or grey growth which develops on old food or on objects that have been left for too long in warm wet air

pollutant

a substance that pollutes

particle

a very small piece of something: dust particles

occur

happen

source

origin -3-


synthetic

man-made, artificial

lack

when there is not enough of something, or none of it [= shortage]

ventilate infection

to let fresh air into a room, building etc a disease that affects a particular part of the body and is caused by bacteria or a virus

leak

to escape from a hole or crack in a pipe or container

release

to let a substance flow out

toxic

poisonous

tight

firmly attached and difficult to move

seal

to close an entrance or a container with something that stops air, water etc from coming in or out of it

defoliate

to make the leaves drop off a plant, especially by using strong chemicals

interaction

a process by which two or more things affect each other

sore

painful

combination

mixture

accidentally

happening without being planned or intended, by chance

-4-

Chapter 2 city life vocab  
Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you