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Story board - A story board is used by drawing a sequence of sketches of scenes (e.g in a film or advertisement), alongside some directions and dialogue which take place in key scenes. - It allows the director/user to visualise the drawings and to generate ideas, as well as helping the director/user to gather the details of the different key shots while expressing the ideas in a simple yet effective way. - Using story boards helped me to get a clear idea and understanding of the different types of shots I should use in specific scenes. It also helped me to keep my ideas organised and structured throughout the planning process. Proposal - A proposal is produced to outline and put forward a plan of what one is planning to make, alongside selling your idea. - It is useful as it outlines several important aspects such as the target audience and budget. - It helped me to break down the plan in order to keep it more organised and efficient, as well as helping to me present my presentation. Gantt Chart - A gantt chart is made up of a few headings of what you are going to do, alongside the dates in which you will complete them by. It is useful to use colours to highlight the dates for the different headings in order to create a more optical image. - It is used in order to keep yourself more organised via the visual diary (gantt chart) therefore it is very useful. - I think that using a gantt chart is quite useful in order to get a sense of when each task will be completed by, as well as allowing you to keep check of deadlines. Even though I didn’t always follow the gantt chart due to some problems which occurred, it helped me to arrange my work in a professional way. Script -A script is usually written for a play, movie or broadcast. It includes stage directions and dialogue, alongside explaining what is happening during the scene. - It is used in order to put forward what is going to happen in a particular scene or throughout the process. It also helps the director, actors/actresses and the whole working team to know what is happening and what they have to do. - Using a script helped me to make sure everyone in the working team who took part within my work knew what they were doing and what was going to happen next, therefore I found it very useful. Shot List - A shot list is very similar to a story board as they both contain the shot type, number and duration, however rather than using images to illustrate the shots, it is written out in words. - Like story boards, it is used to gather the details of the different shots in a simple form so it is easy for the director to see what is planned. - Even though I made a shot list as a part of my pre production, I didn’t use it as much as I thought I would as I thought story boards were more helpful for me to see what I needed to do. Shooting Script - A shooting script is very similar to a shot list as the only different is that it includes dialogue alongside the shot type, number and duration. - It is used for the same reason however could be seen as more useful than a shot list as it includes everything a director and the working team would need to produce their work. - Again I didn’t feel the need to use a shooting script due to the story boards also being quite similar and more imaginative because of the drawings.


Risk Assessment - A risk assessment is a part of a risk management procedure. It is simply made up of headings of different headings such as the level of the risk, consequences and the response. It is made in order to limit the possibilities of risks which may occur during filming. - It’s useful as it allows you to notice that there are several risks which may happen during the process of filming however there are also ways to reduce this possibility. - I found it quite useful as it helped me to break down the possibilities of the different risks happening therefore this allowed me to speed up my shoot, as well as making sure the working team was aware of these risks. Location Recce - A location recce includes description about what will be filmed in the different locations as well as headings such as why you chose this particular location, the hazards that may occur, the time for which you’ll be recording and the sound the may occur. These descriptions are usually illustrated with pictures of the location. - It can be seen as useful as it helps you to visualise the shoot and it reminds you of the problems that may occur such as the disruption with sound (if the shoot is in the public). - I found it very useful as it helped me to plan ahead rather than facing problems and difficulties during my shoot. Over Head Diagram - A over head diagram is made up of a simple drawing of symbols and illustrations, alongside the outline of your shoot from a birds eye view. - It is useful because it helps you to think about where you would like to place your camera and what angle you would like to film a section of you shoot in order to attain the best angle you can. - Personally, I didn’t find it very useful as drawing my shoot as an over head diagram confused me with what I actually wanted to do and how I wanted to place my props and camera. I also had a rough idea of how I wanted everything to be placed therefore for me, a over head diagram was not necessarily needed. Call sheet - A call sheet is made every day. It includes contact information and everyone from the working team that is involved (e.g director, camera or sound person) alongside vital information such as the dates and locations of which the crew will meet and shoot in order to assure everyone in the crew knows where to go. It also includes headings such as the expected weather therefore the working team are able to wear the appropriate clothing. - It can be seen as useful as it is a production schedule for when the working team are expected to start getting together and shooting. - I didn’t feel as if making a call sheet was very important for me as my shoot took only one day therefore I didn’t have to make more than one call sheet for my crew. Budget - A budget sheet consists of the production budget of the different equipment used such as the camera, lighting, mics and so on. It also accounts for the cost of the crew, actors and transport therefore it can be seen as an essential part of the pre production. - It is useful as it shows the cost of the production therefore it also emphasises the limit of how much to spend. - I didn’t find the budget sheet useful as i didn’t have to pay for any of the props I used however it gave me a rough idea of how much a shoot for an advert would cost in the real world. Requirements - A requirement sheet is a check list of what is needed such as the production equipment


required, crew requirements, actors, transport requirements and so on. - It is useful as it helps to organise everything under the headings, as well as marking the availability and bookings of the required things. - I found it beneficial as I knew what equipment was available and which ones I needed to book in advance. This also helped me to assure that everything was ready for my shoot. Release Agreement - A release agreement is a document which is signed by the actors and actresses as an evidence that they give permission to use the footage in which they take place in. This means that if they do not sign the release agreement the footage cannot be used. - It is useful as it is evidence therefore if an actor changed their mind and was against the producer using the footage that they took place in, the producer still has evidence which they signed and agreed on. - Producing a release agreement and making my actors/actresses sign it helped me to get a rough idea of how it would be if I was making a professional advert as well as making sure the actors/actresses I used were comfortable with me using the footage that they took place in. Location Release - A location recce is similar to a release agreement however instead of getting the actors and actresses to sign the document, the producer needs to get the owner of the property in which the shoot will take place to sign it as a part of evidence that they allow the crew to shoot in that particular location. - It is useful as if you do not get permission then the owner of the property could stop the shoot half way and tell you to leave. - My experience was that I forgot to get my location recce signed therefore even though I was filming in a public place, two council workers asked if I had permission. Luckily, as I am a student they allowed me to carry on with my shoot however now I know to certainly get my location release signed from the local authority before I start shooting. Footage Log - A footage log contains all information about what is on the tape used for editing. This makes it easier to edit the footage as the description allows a short summery of the clips. It includes a few headings such as the tape, shot and take number, alongside the description, quality and time code (IN and OUT). - It is useful as it tells the editor which parts of the video to use therefore it makes the editors job easier. - It helped me as I was able to quickly pick out the shots with the better quality therefore it was less time consuming. Asset Log - An asset log helps to keep the recorded assets used organised into a grid. Like a footage long, it also consists of description in order to make it easier for the producer. - It could be seen as useful as it usually includes a heading called ‘location’ which is where the producer will write the location of the asset (e.g C drive). This makes it easier for the producer to find everything. - I didn’t feel the need to use my asset log however as listed above, it has very useful advantages. EDL - An EDL stands for an edit decision list. It keeps track of the tape number, time code (IN and OUT), audio, effects, comments and transitions. - It is useful as it gathers vital information of the different tapes therefore it reassures that the producer is more knowing with each and every shot. It is also more noticeable if the producer chooses to change anything. - I found it helpful as it helped me to work out which different tapes worked with others in


order to make it look as professional as possible. Feasibility Study - A feasibility study is made up of notes of your different ideas for your work. It usually includes headings such as actors, time, equipment, location, costumes and budget. - These different headings helps to spread the ideas out and allows you to think about every little detail which the idea will consist of. - The feasibility study helped me a lot due to being able to widen my ideas in order to see which one is feasible or not, therefore I was easily able to choose my favourite and most feasible idea. Research - Research is very essential in planning your media production. It is the first thing that you do in order to gather information about your chosen brand/market. - It is useful as it helped me to find out about my product target audience, alongside the background information such as the different types of my product which is also a very vital part in my production. - Doing a research for my media production helped me to gain all sorts of information and allowed me to notice the advertising strategies which advertisers had used. The previous adverts and commercials of my product which I had also researched via the internet influenced me to create a very imaginative and different advert for my product to make it stand out and look professional from the ones that I had watched. Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues - The legal, ethical and regulatory issues are important rules which the producer of the media production must follow in order to create a legal piece of work. - The rules are useful as they inform you with what rules would effect your product therefore the producer is ready beforehand to sort it out. - It helped me to achieve a clear understanding of what I needed to follow and what I was able to include in my advert.

Production tools  

My pre production tools

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