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P4tin Group 12_team B Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquill

Francesca Bariviera Silvia Botto Francesco Madonna Serena Pollastri Sophie Tison


1.1 current situation introduction_

floodings illegality

mistrust urban blight P4tin

Group 12_Team B

health emergency

no social cohesion Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


1.2 method and values introduction_

participation sustainability

valorization direct experience P4tin

Group 12_Team B

technical approach Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


1.3 stakeholder analysis introduction_

LOCAL POPULATION

INTERESTED INSTITUTION

NOT INTERESTED INSTITUTION

P4tin

CHILDREN Kindergartens Appropriate assistance Proper nutrition Hygienic life conditions

PUBLIC ADMINISTR.

STUDENTS AND YOUNG PEOPLE WORKERS Public schools Health care education Professional schools Employment chances Health care education

POLITICIANS

Employment chances Economic organisation

FIRMS AND INDUSTRIES

Feasible and sustainable Feasible and sustainable Organisation and servprojects projects ices networks Visibility Efficient employment of local resources Economic and financial returns

ILLEGAL MARKET AND ASSOCIATION

PRIVATE NETWORK SERVICES SUPPLIERS

Maintain their profits in Maintain their profits in the barrio the barrio (maintaining Maintain the power over the actual situation) the population in the barrio Not to improve information, social condition and people’s awareness

Group 12_Team B

WOMEN

ELDERS

SICK PEOPLE

Health care and nutritional education Assistance with children Kindergartens Sharing experience with other mothers

Assistance Green areas where to gather

Hospitals Basic first aid medicines

LOCAL SERVICES SUPPLIERS Feasible and sustainable projects Organisation Maintain their central role and profits in the barrio

ONG Feasible and sustainable projects Organic design of solutions involving all the population

PRIVATE SERVICES SUPPLIERS

CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY OF GUAYAQUIL

Maintain their profits in the barrio Make people understand the importance of social services and education

Feasible and sustainable projects Sharing analytical methods, data, analysis and opinion Maintaining a network between professors and students

Children assistance

Feasible solution Sustainability

Employment Community building

Medical assistence

Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


2.1 current situation health care

Bad Nutrition No sexual education

Promiscuity with animals

No sewery

No free health care inadequate municipal intervention

No children breeding education 76,6%

49 40%

17

14,1% 8%

ly

Ita

or

ad

government expenditure on health

u Ec

ly

Ita

r

or

ad

u Ec

ly Ita

o ad

u Ec

hospital beds for 10000 people

government expenditure on health

(as a percentage of tot (as a percentage of tot government expend.) expend. on health)

P4tin

Group 12_Team B

Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


2.2 medical centers health care

Localization

Strategy

Objective: basic health care for the totality of the barrio Scale: district centres Users for each centre: around 10.000 people No upper level centre (poliambulatorio) – no feasibility about competences, costs, needed equipments.

Structure of a medical center Specialization Generic

Ad m i n i s t ra Waiting room

Pediatrics Gynecology Dentistry Veterinary Social Assistance Ambulance Availability

Generic

Depository School Dressing room

P4tin

Specialization WC

Group 12_Team B

WC

Controlled filter Medical Center

Medical centres are located in the school complexes, reducing costs, and supporting a better cooperation between the two structures

Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


2.3 mobile centers

Possible solutions

rt st a

side solution

MHUs are an emergency strategy with the aim to provide a sanitary support in uncovered areas, but not able to substitute a stable medical health centre In a temporary situation such as the one in El Fortin, they could represent a good solution, while funds get found and centres are designed and built

main solution

health care

MHU used as temporary medical centres while the official are under construction or insufficient

After the medical centers start up, MHU are used as emergency vehicles.

2.4 cost analysis health care

Medical Centers Total initial investment costs: 601.980 $ Annual maintenance costs: 783.320 $ Mobile Centers Initial investment costs: 100.000 $ per van Maintenance cost per year: 19.800 $ per van Choosed solution: Medical equipped vehicle

P4tin

Group 12_Team B

Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


2.5 social involvement

First aid kit for public buildings

health care

Health care education for families

1 a party...

a little 3 ...for one 2 ...with gift... more

School Health Day, with A case with a colouring didactic games for students book for kids with basic infos also for parents

Bringing the case to medical center parents can fulfill it to have a basic first aid kit

First aid kit realized in professional schools laboratories. Each drawer represent a class of needs, and visual cards give basic explainations. It is provided together with a complete manual.

P4tin

Group 12_Team B

Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


3.1 state of art education

Escuela Columa Escuela Futuro de mi Patria Guarderia North 1

Escuela Jeferson Silva Aldaz Guarderia INFA

compulsory schools

Escuela La Consolata

Escuela PequeĂŚo Fortin

Liceo Escuela Rvdo Alfredo Bochan

28% 16%

professional schools Centro Educativo Paraiso Universaln

Escuela El Fortin

Escuela Jumandi

3% kindergartens

satisfied need

Escuela San Nicolas Escuela Horizontes del Fortin

lack of structures

rehabilitable 94% Escuela Perla del Fortin Escuela Oswaldo Moreno

N

0 20 50 100

200 m

LEGEND

Kindergarten LEGEND

Primary school

Secondary school

kindergardens

primary schools

secondary schools

good 16 Bad 84%

building conditions

P4tin

Group 12_Team B

bad quality

bad building conditions lack of public schools no parents involvement

Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


3.2 possible scenarios education

objectives

Compulsory schools scenarios

A two big schools 13 143 542 5454

number of students land used total costs operating expenses

compulsory schools

difficult to reach managing problems

professional schools

B four medium schools compromise solution, number of students not really satisfying land used total costs operating expenses

kindergartens

C thirteen small schools

standard used italian proposed total surface (mq) compulsory 20,3 professional 25 built surface (mq/student) compulsory 6,7 professional 4,9 open air surface (% of tot.) compulsory 66 % professional 66% access ray (m) compulsory 500 professional kindergartens 200

P4tin

Group 12_Team B

7 8 7 8

number of students land used total costs operating expenses

higer costs, difficult to control, more expropriations

Scenario A

Scenario B

Scenario C

land rays of access

30% 25% 400 180

managing costs security quality control visual impact equipment costs Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


3.2 compulsory schools

Schools System Scenario

education

Modular approach

School Services open to community

Main advantages Can be easily adapted to specific necessities Is the ideal solution in a transition period, because can be realized and expanded step by step land equipment cost

A BIG CENTRAL MODULE

B OPEN MODULE

C BASIC MODULE

Localization Criteria rays of access

security control

managing costs

quality controll

P4tin

Library Great hall Football field Basket/Volley Court Gym Swimming Pool + Medical center

Group 12_Team B

security

A free area

B free or not completely urbanized areas

C urbanized areas

Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


3.3 professional school education

Importance for the economic and social development of the barrio. Strategy Valorization of existing structures (La Consolata and Istituto E. Espejo) Profession oriented courses School next to the central moduel compulsory school, uses the same services

primary school

courses proposals: joiner

carpenter electrician mechanic cook tailor nurse

professional school

beautician and hairdresser computer scientist chemist fishing farmer

central module

P4tin

Group 12_Team B

Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


3.4 localization education

Strategy some interventions to upgrade five existing schools will be made, in order to integrate them in the scenario. New modules will be placed taking int o account the localization of the existing and land availability.

open module professional school central module

open module

open module

basic module

basic module

N

0 20 50 100

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3.4 costs

education

Land 441’516 $ New buildings 9’205’500 $ Equipments and laboratories 756’400 $ Equipment of open spaces 69’900 $ Upgrading old schools 1’150’000 $ Initial investment 11’551’945 $ Ordinary maintenance 498’020 $/year Extraordinary maintenance 398’416 $/year Wages 1’576’800 $/year Teaching material 242’000 $/year Operating expenses 2’715’236 $/year

200 m

Group 12_Team B

Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


3.5 kindergartens education

Informal Kindergartens scenario

Kindergartens scenarios

A one new structure B utilization of C informal

Kindergarten in the house: mum house-owner is the manager of the kindergarten, helped by a social assistant. Costs are divided among participant families, so kindergartens are economically self-sustainable. Social assistant

school structures

Mum/ manager

kindergartens Scenario A

Scenario B

Scenario C

land

kindergarten of the week

$

rays of access managing costs security quality control visual impact equipment costs

Five kindergartens for each group of five blocks. Weekly rotation.

Even if it implies some problems in security and quality control, the Scenario C has been chosen because of its social impact and feasibility in short time.

P4tin

Group 12_Team B

Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


4.1 current situation free public space

game fields distribution

no equipped areas no original vegetation informal game fields free areas

no consciousness of the problem

P4tin

Group 12_Team B

over-urbanized areas Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


4.2 solutions for parks free public space

General strategy avoiding expropriation, allowing self-construction, controlling the scale of the interventions, controlling investments, step-by-step feasibility, reference to local legislation.

Poliduct northern zone as the barrio “sport strip”

compatibility with slopes, no fixed structures (for he risk linked to he poliduct), possibility to get the area for free (or at a very low cost) from the municipality, for public interest use.

Re-naturalization

In the most problematic zones (for water presence, for very high slopes – landslides), with the use of local original vegetation and “natural assets” for water channels; big reserve at the urban scale (urban project).

Equipped parks

compatibility with slopes, no fixed structures (for he risk linked to he poliduct), possibility to get the area for free (or at a very low cost) from the municipality, for public interest use.

P4tin

Group 12_Team B

Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


4.3 residual areas free public space

Some possible solutions Base: availability of lots of free space in tertiary streets Needs: no expropration, pedestrian and emergency access for every parcel, need for water drainage, flexibility.

(different solutions have been studies for different slopes)

game fields

green areas where to gather

view of a portion of the barrio after the intervention

reserved areas for kindergartens/handicraft activities

P4tin

Group 12_Team B

stairs and terraces systems

Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


5.1 riallotment

6m

housing

10m

One-Family Detached House 60mq 1 floor 6 people

10m

Current situation

6m

provisional houses

10m

3m

7m

3m

Two Lots Apartment Building

60mq (*2) 2 floor 12 people

70mq per house 140 to 280mq (*2) 2 to 4 floor 24 to 48 people

Cooperative construction concrete blocks or reinforces masonry houses

P4tin

7m

Terraced House

10m

bamboo houses

New House Asset Proposals

concrete frame houses

Group 12_Team B

40 houses will be expropriated to build services, and some more for reasons related with risk analysis. Strategy: municipality pays a sum to help people in rebuild a new house in a given allotment Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


6.1 conclusions

general consideration

flexible

step by step

long term A complete set of solutions in different fields, to fit the need of the whole community. Services are adapted to the El Fortin situation, thanks to a direct experience in place and a deep survey. The modular approach makes the scenario replicable, whith little adjustments to other similar situation and adaptable to future urban changes.

P4tin

Group 12_Team B

community involvement Planning the Chance Social Services for Sustainable Development in El Fortin, Guayaquil


Gracias.


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