Page 74

CCEG SOCIAL VALUE & INTANGIBLES REVIEW in order to make real-time decisions in unknown and unpredictable environments. The rules on how to make decisions have been previously determined by humans, so artiďŹ cial intelligence methods can interpolate and make decisions on the basis of the closest example seen in the past during their training. Of course, unforeseen situations could arise, meaning the autonomous system potentially does not have the elements to make decisions or the decisions that they do take could be wrong. This is perhaps what happened with the Schiaparelli mission on Mars, where the on-board intelligence wrongly prioritized messages coming from sensors. Sensor information misinterpretation also happened in the Tesla self-driving car tragedy in Florida in May 2016, although in this case the system was used against manufacturer suggestions. Is therefore wrongly prioritized information by an intelligent robot a case of that robot autonomously deciding to kill somebody or harm the same by inaction?

Rules and ethics

that the machine can make its own mistakes only if not well programmed or maintained. Therefore, the manufacturer could be sued if an autonomous robot wrongly computes the inner target during radiosurgery, and the same could happen if a tele-operated robot suddenly breaks and injures the patient.

In autonomous cars, the decision-making process in the case of unexpected events and accidents is being carefully revised and coded, also with the assistance of insurance companies. Who would blame the automatic pilot of a plane in case of an unexpected mistake? Roboticists are What should the car do if there is a actively thinking about these ethical detected mechanical failure and the The machine can make its own mistakes and regulatory aspects involved with possibility that people standing on a only if not well programmed or maintained. the use of robots (e.g. in the activities trajectory might be (seriously) hurt? of the European project RoboLaw Producers of autonomous cars are establishing a sort of code of conduct for car controllers (http://www.robolaw.eu)). Are these issues stopping the in order to instantaneously decide for the less disruptive robotic revolution or are they just laying down new ‘cyber laws’ for a new world where robots will be normal? The actions to undertake in the case of an accident. benefit/cost ratio will be crucial in this process. What about Who must be sued if the surgical robot makes mistakes during if we decided to ban cars since they account for a number of the autonomously performed suture? I personally believe casualties each year?

73

February 2017

Profile for CCEG

Social Value and Intangibles Review February 2017  

CCEG Social Value & Intangibles Review (SVIR) – February 2017 Centre for Citizenship, Enterprise and Governance journal on Social Impact and...

Social Value and Intangibles Review February 2017  

CCEG Social Value & Intangibles Review (SVIR) – February 2017 Centre for Citizenship, Enterprise and Governance journal on Social Impact and...

Profile for seratio