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PRE ISSUE

SEOMUN XXI FEATURE PG.12 - 13 IMITATION, REPRODUCTION: COPYCAT CRIMES

seoulite THE PERILS OF INDIFFERENCE

NOVEMBER 09


SEOULITE CONTRIBUTORS 2018 Editor-in-Chief

Copy

Kirsten Huh, Dawn Kim

Lyme Cho, Eric Hwang, Fiona Cho, Teddy Cho, Alice Jimin Lee, Emily Oh, Derek Kim, Eric Hwang, Hannah Yoo, Wendy Kang, Steven Chung, Min Chiang, Ashley Kim, Isabella Kim, Ethan Choi, Jenny Seo

Managing Editor Sarah Jung Assistant Editor Kate Lee

Catherine Cho, Christine Lee, Jessie Park, Seoyun Yoo, Eddie Hahm, Erin Lee, Louis Kim

Copy Editor

Photo

Sia Cho

Brian Chun, Katherine Kim, Jangho Yun, Minsung Kim, Lizy Choi, Angela Ahn, Eileen Kwon, Lauren Kang, David Lim, Jasmine Ko, Seongyun Jeong, Katie Lee, Rachel Lee

Layout Editor Jaywon Yi, Eugene Song Photo Editor Allyson Kim, Katie Ahn

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SEOULITE 2018

Advisor Mr. David Coleman


LETTER FROM THE EICs Dear readers, We are the editors of Seoulite, the official press publication of SEOMUN. We are honored to serve delegates, chairs, advisors, administrative staff members, directors, and other participants throughout the SEOMUN conference. It is our utmost hope that all delegates have access to fruitful debates on various worldly topics and that they learn something new from this conference that they had previously been unaware of. Over the next three days, our team of reporters, photographers, and layout artists will be creating a total of three issues of the Seoulite magazine. We hope to not only document heated debates and potential remedies to global crises but to also capture new friendships, personal insights, and reflections that will be formed throughout the days of the conference. We would like to ask the delegates and chairs for three things: First, please take the time to pick up our daily issues and give them a look through–we promise to fill its pages with diverse and engaging content ranging from copycat crimes to the secrets of writing a good chair report. Second, please make sure to check out the QR codes available at the last page of the printed copies or the SEOMUN website to view our issues in their full-color glory! Finally, when a press member approaches you for an interview, please cooperate – we welcome your uncensored and personal opinions. We wish all delegates the best of luck – happy SEOMUN XXI!

Kirsten Huh & Dawn Kim Editor-in-Chiefs

SEOULITE 2018

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T S A L B M O R F

T S A P E H T

Compared with the past, more heart-rending stories of violent shootings and general gun usage dominate the headlines of numerous news outlets in the United States. Recently the nation was reminded of the emotional shock that hit without notice on Oct. 27, when a deadly mass shooting occurred at a synagogue in Pittsburgh. The increased occurrence of public mass shootings can be mainly attributed to tenuous laws that regulate the use of guns. Americans have kept guns by their sides for security as well as freedom. Guns were often perceived as symbols of expansion to the West in the early days. Moreover, guns were necessary to support the agrarian lives of Americans before the American Revolution. Americans used guns to defend themselves from unfriendly Native Americans and animals that fed on their crops. In 1791, the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution granted the right to people to bear arms. The acceptance of guns into daily lives over time unfortunately set a foundation for more frequent instances of violent crimes, such as mass shootings. The younger generation’s view on guns in the United States has also shifted due to major shooting events. Since the shooting at Virginia Tech in 2007, more youths have rooted for the protection of gun rights. This contrasts with the general desire in the US for stricter laws regarding guns, which started around 2012. According to BBC, until 2012, mass shooting was established as a crime that involved the death of four or more people by an attacker. In the recent years, number of deaths by mass shooting has climbed up to more than 10. What is more surprising is that since 1982, more than 90 mass shootings have taken place in the United States. A powerful organization in the United States aggressively opposes further enforcement of gun policies. The National Rifle Association (NRA) has increasingly put in more money into lobbying so that they can impact gun laws. In 2015, the NRA contributed approximately 3.5 million dollars to lobbying, compared to about 1.5 million dollars in 2001. A political characteristic related to gun usage is reflected from the members of this group, as the NRA is largely approved by the majority of gun owners who are Republican according to Pew Research. Today, the issue of gun control policies and usage is at the center of many heated debates. The decision of whether to sacrifice gun and personal safety or ban the gun for the greater good still remains in the grey area.

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STUFF DELEGATES SAY

By: Kate Lee, Sia Cho

DISCLAIMER: THIS ARTICLE IS ALL IN GOOD FUN AND IS IN NO WAY MEANT TO BE SERIOUS.

THE DELEGATE IS LOOKING FORWARD TO A FRUITFUL DEBATE.

Let’s face it – you just have to accept the fact that not every single debate can be fruitful. Sometimes, you lobby for 5 hours, spend so much energy arguing just to reject a single resolution, or even mess up bigtime … and all of this is considered “productive.” Seriously, why is it that people always hope for everything in SEOMUN to be fruitful? Everyone already knows deep inside that it is impossible to have solid rebuttals and well-structured resolutions in every debate so please, let’s stop spreading the false hope of having a fruitful debate all the time.

MOTION TO MOVE TO PREVIOUS QUESTION.

Come on. Let’s end it already. We all know when a debate starts to get long. TOO long. Sometimes you have to listen to delegates droning on and on about drones, rambling about their resolutions, or prattling incessantly about human rights. And you know, the chairs know, and everyone in the room knows that it’s fifteen minutes overtime for lunch. But of course, we have to be “respectful–” we’re all supposed to be diplomatic representatives of the United Nations, after all.

THE DELEGATE IS GRATEFUL FOR THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE PART OF THIS CONFER-

THANK YOU.

ENCE AND ADDRESS __...

Whatever. We already know that you aren’t fully grateful to be proposing a resolution that you had to spend hours on working the day before the actual conference; or, rather than that, we know that you aren’t actually looking forward to speaking in front of a large crowd that is soon going to judge you and throw criticism. Yea, this statement is MUN protocol, but is there really a need to express false gratitude?

For what? Getting roasted by that one delegate who just spent the whole duration of his/her speech criticizing the flaws in your resolution? Or for that other delegate who has dozed off at the back of the room and abandoned the pretense of even bothering to listen to your speech? You can thank the MUN protocol for being forced to show such gratitude.

BUT HEY, AT LEAST YOU HAD A SHOT UP THERE AT THE PODIUM. YOU HAD YOUR CHANCE TO SAY WHAT YOU HAD TO SAY, AND THAT’S SOMETHING THAT YOU SHOULD BE GRATEFUL FOR. ALWAYS. SEOULITE 2018 Layout by: Jessie Park

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INTRODUCTION OF SEOMUN TOPIC:

PERILS OF INDIFFERENCE By: Fiona Cho

“I swore never to be silent whenever and wherever human beings endure suffering and humiliation. We must always take sides.”-- Elie Wiesel, 1986 Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech The rapidly changing world we live in, with its constant technological advancements and shifting beauty standards, often leads us to focus on some of the less important aspects of life. It is far too easy to get caught up in trivialities and even more difficult to determine which affairs must be prioritized. But, as the 20th anniversary of Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel’s 1999 White House speech approaches, it is imperative that the global community redirects its focus to what truly matters: the various global issues that threaten the human rights and values we stand for. With this idea at the center of the 21st SEOMUN conference, the hosts at Korea International School chose the theme “The Perils of Indifference” in order to remind delegates that Wiesel’s message still rings true in a world largely apathetic to social and political issues. Wiesel, a Jewish author most famous for his 1960 autobiography Night, may have won the Nobel Prize in 1986, but his words are more relevant than ever, as many citizens continue to turn a blind eye to crises such as the plight of North Korean refugees and Mexican immigrants. Wiesel came to the realization that anyone who chooses to ignore human suffering only further fuels violence and oppression after enduring terrible experiences at Nazi concentration camps. He explains this idea in his aforementioned speech, maintaining that staying neutral is the worst option of all: giving attention to an issue, no matter how positive or negative this attention is, has the potential to help raise awareness, while remaining silent serves virtually no purpose. Ultimately, he coins the term “the perils of indifference” in order to illustrate that there are inherent pitfalls to being a bystander in times of conflict. But Wiesel did not stop there. Even after winning the Nobel Peace Prize and being recognized for his various achievements in writing and activism, he continued to be involved in a multitude of international issues,

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including apartheid and plight of the Ethiopian Jews. He was interested in almost every political cause and genuinely passionate about helping anyone living under persecution and discrimination. In short, he was the champion of the oppressed and a defender of human rights. This year’s SEOMUN hopes to remind delegates that, just like Wiesel, they should strive to constantly stay engaged in global affairs. Clearly, Wiesel’s work is left unfinished, and through this conference, the delegates have the chance to carry on his legacy by adopting his core principles of courage and perseverance.


THE JOURNEY OF SECRETARY GENERAL

CHRIS PARK

By: Teddy Cho

Long before his journey to become the Secretary General began, Chris Park (12) had always been absorbed in current events and politics. Chris started as a delegate within the KIS MUN club three years ago. Today, he is the Secretary General of SEOMUN XXI.

“MUN reaffirms my belief that we have more in common than what the headlines suggest. It encouraged me to develop a worldview that sees we should be defined not only by our differences but also the amount of common ground we can find,” Chris said. “This belief forces me to branch out to those who don’t share “I was a guy who stayed up at the similar political beliefs as I do and helped podium for over a minute struggling to me realize that creating and staying in an answer the POI in General Assembly 1 echo chamber of ideas is unhealthy.” of SEOMUN XVIII because I didn’t know what amendments were,” Chris said. “The The continued pursuit of such beliefs has activist spirit of MUN that envisioned a provided many learning opportunities better tomorrow so inspired me then and for developing a strong voice in MUN; as continues to have a profound impact on a lesson for other delegates looking for me as I look forward to our twenty-first success, Chris recommends to be willing session.” to take risks. Chris attributes his diligence, preparation, and willingness to his gradual ascent in MUN. His vigorous research and thorough organization were among the determining factors that contributed to his success in each of his positions. As he advanced from delegate to chair to Assistant Deputy Present and finally to Secretary General, Chris was increasingly given more duties.

“It’s all about taking a risk,” Chris said. “Whether you ‘fail’ that one time or succeed, you’re one step closer to being a great delegate.” With the array of skills he acquired through MUN, Chris hopes to lead a successful conference during SEOMUN XXI.

“My responsibility is to work alongside five other Secretariat members to plan and organize SEOMUN, everything from revising chair reports to replying to emails,” Chris said. “These last few days have been perhaps the most stressful with so many moving pieces (and boxes)! But we are all so excited for the conference.” Although Chris will be graduating in the following spring, his endless journey of learning worldly and international issues will not come to a close. His invaluable experience at MUN over the past three years has influenced him as a person in significant ways.

SEOULITE 2018 Layout by: Louis Kim

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HOW DELEGATES COMMUNICATE WITH EACH OTHER IN ADVANCE OF SEOMUN By: Min Chiang

Photo by: Rachel Lee

The annual SEOMUN conference is approaching, and preparations must be done. Prior to the actual conference, delegates spend time assembling together to practice and further organize materials needed for the conference. In addition, some delegates also reach out to delegates from other schools to get familiarized with each other and briefly discuss the contents of the upcoming conference.

Delegates are entrusted with responsibilities and are obligated to go through extensive volumes of practice. After splitting up into groups on the first day, opening speeches and resolutions for mock debates must be prepared. The SIS MUN club holds frequent meetings during school days to fully prepare for a fruitful debate. Most of the other schools share a similar method of preparing for the conference.

“This year, SEOMUN is hosted by KIS, and a variety of schools will be in attendance,” said Christopher Shin, delegate of Angola. “To prepare for the upcoming conference, KIS has communicated with all the other schools via the MUN team advisors from each school. Also, for SIS, many team members are chairing at this conference. This allowed us to stay in the loop and receive information before the conference.”

“We have to research about the topic, make an opening speech, and create draft resolutions before the conference,” said Katherine Suk, delegate of Equatorial Guinea. I personally did not communicate with delegates from other schools while preparing for this conference, so I hope to meet delegates from different schools by taking part in this conference and cooperate with them for a successful conference.”

Photo by: Seongyun Jeong

It is sometimes difficult for delegates to come in contact with people from other schools, so delegates work along with members within the MUN club to share information. To avoid confusion or mistakes in the process of preparing, delegates receive advices and support from fellow members and advisors. “We have a lot to prepare for the upcoming conference. Getting help from the chairs help us improve as better delegates and prepare us for the actual conference,” said Brian Ham, delegate of Turkey. “We try our best to keep in touch with our teammates to produce the best results at SEOMUN.” As the conference is coming close, delegates spend hours practicing and researching materials for the SEOMUN conference. In this process, active communication with others take a vital role in arranging ideas and providing insights. Using their own way of communicating, the MUN team as a whole hopes to bring back desirable results at SEOMUN.

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SEOULITE 2018 Layout by: Seoyun Yoo


BEHIND THE SCENES OF SETTING UP FOR THE SEOMUN CONFERENCE By: Eric Hwang

The day of the SEOMUN Conference may be a tiresome and exhausting experience for fellow delegates, as all students are required to cooperate with one another to propose the ideal resolution. However, the days before the conference is just as rough, as students organizing the event must collaborate efficiently and devote much of their time, in order to ensure that there are no faults on the day.

Photo by: Eileen Kwon

Being that SEOMUN is a student-led event, the Secretary General, Deputy Secretary Generals, Administrative Director, Technology Director, and Design Director are in charge of the organization of the event. The members of the Secretariat are not only chosen for their experience within the MUN community, but also are chosen for their leadership and cooperative qualities. Furthermore, each member of the Secretariat is in charge of certain tasks and must fulfill their own responsibilities in order to ensure a successful conference. “My role is working with the Secretariat to ensure that we organize logistical information and overall visions,” said Nicholas Kim, Secretary General. “For instance, we are currently renting out rooms, inviting guest speakers to come talk about how it is like to work at the United Nations, organizing crises, and coordinating Seoulite, SEOTV, and any other MUN clubs across the region, so that we can all come together and have a worthy and interesting discussion on world events and try to emphasize with each other, so that we can understand what it is like to be a delegate representative for a country.” Although the Secretary General has the most important task of overseeing the entire conference, other members of the Secretariat are responsible for smaller, crucial duties. “I have the role of designing pretty much everything regarding the conference. The ostensibly negligible things, such as the font that goes on the handbook or the background picture of the website, are actually chosen after thoughtful consideration,” said Amy Kim, Design Director. “I believe that these small elements build up to contribute to the quality of the conference, so I always try to make the best decisions possible regarding design.” While the SEOMUN conference lasts only three days, it required a eight month long period of preparation behind-the-scenes and the full effort, dedication, and cooperation of all members of the Secretariat.

Photo by: Jangho Yun

SEOULITE 2018 Layout by: Seoyun Yoo

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Photo by: Lauren Kang

MISCONCEPTIONS AROUND HSC DISPELLED By: Emily Oh

You have only two minutes to find and fill out the google form for your top three committee choices for SEOMUN. Which one will you choose? One of the general assemblies? Perhaps one of the specialized committees or crisis committees? During the process of choosing a committee, delegates usually avoid the International Court of Justice (ICJ), Security Council (SC), and Historial Security Council (HSC) primarily because they adhere to a different set of rules. Specifically, while these three councils do follow the conventional debating procedure, other characteristics of their debate, such as their topics of discussion, diverge from those of other committees. Among these three committees, however, delegates typically avoid HSC the most due to the extensive amount of historical events delegates are required to know. “I was an admin for HSC last SEOMUN, so I have a general idea of how the committee runs,” said Evan Kim, the delegate of New Zealand of General Assembly 1 (GA1). “However, it simply seemed and still seems quite complicated in and of itself. Even experienced MUN members I know tend to avoid HSC.” While HSC maintains a hostile image to many delegates, the committee is special in that it focuses on discussing and debating on historical events that have been inadequately managed in the past. Delegates are given the opportunity to find better ways to tackle some of the most controversial and influential issues in history, such as previous

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instances of ethnic cleansing, genocide, and wars. Moreover, preparation and research are far more emphasized as delegates must understand issues in their entirety to avoid making historically inaccurate statements. “Most delegates tend to shy away from the HSC as it seems so different from what they are used to,” said Sujin Park, HSC assistant president. “It, in actuality, is not much different from other committees besides the fact that it takes place in the past, as both the debate procedure and the atmosphere is the same.” This year, the HSC will be discussing not only the international community’s apathy towards pressing situations from the past, but also the previous inability to prevent significant atrocities, such as the Vietnamese war, Pol Pot, and the aftermath of the Arab Spring, from occurring. By shedding light onto such historical events through a series of fruitful debates, the delegates of HSC hope to reflect on previous periods of uncertainty to ultimately take different steps towards resolving the conflict. “Many delegates may be intimidated by this differentiated way of debating, and I completely understand where that anxiety is coming from. However, it is relatively easy to start showing your deft MUN skills to propose effective solutions,” said Geo Yoo, HSC deputy assistant president. “HSC truly is a valuable and unique experience all delegates should experience at least once during their MUN career.”


ADJUSTING TO THE SCHEDULE OF SEOMUN XXI

By: Wendy Kang

In the midst of fruitful debates and lobbying for resolutions, the one challenge that delegates face throughout SEOMUN is adjusting to the schedule. From 8 A.M in the morning to 6 P.M, delegates spend roughly 9 hours a day in session. The most difficult adjustment for delegates would be staying energized and on task through each of the sessions, with only a couple hours for lunch and break in between. For most delegates, the biggest obstacle was the lack of energy towards the end of the afternoon session, especially on the second and third day. There was a general consensus that with all the lobbying and walking around the venue, delegates felt tired and unaccustomed to the schedule. “At my first SEOMUN, the most difficult change that I had to face were the long sessions with only one or two breaks in between,” said Alex Hyun (10). “I think that in the mornings, I was able to adjust to the early start of each session, but towards the end of the day, I began to feel tired and so did the other delegates in my committee. I feel that especially for newcomers to SEOMUN, the long days and sessions will be hard to adjust to.” Although newcomers faced difficulties, delegates who had been so SEOMUN numerous times had a number of solutions in order to prevent from feeling worn out throughout each session.

Photo by: Eileen Kwon

“A lot of delegates in my committee including myself would resort to buying energy drinks and coffee during the breaks,” said Joanne Yang (10). “The great thing about SEOMUN was that there are cafes, convenience stores, and vending machines all around the committee rooms, so it was easy to find drinks that would energize me throughout the day, even if it was for a temporary amount of time.” Energy drinks, although greatly effective, have a temporary effect. The best way to cope with the situation would be to sleep, which may seem unrealistic when delegates have to draft resolutions over the course of one or two days. “I think the best advice would be to sleep for at least 8 hours the night before the first day of the conference,” said Joanne Yang (10). “The amount of sleep I had greatly affected my performance because I was more active and energized on the first day and contributed more to the discussion within my committee. Although sometimes I had to stay up late drafting resolutions, the best way to cope with the situation was to get sufficient sleep during the night.” Apart from preparing for the conference through position papers and opening speeches, delegates should make sure to be adequately prepared for the busy schedule throughout SEOMUN, as it can greatly affect their performance throughout the 3 days.

Photo by: Minsung Kim

SEOULITE 2018 Layout by: Erin Lee

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TAKING ACTION AGAINST COPYCAT CRIMES By: Steven Chung

On May 24 in North Yorkshire, UK, two fifteenyear-old boys were found guilty of attempting to plot a school shooting and planning to kill their pupils. Subsequently, on Oct. 17, Vladislav Roslyakov, an 18-year-old student, led a school shooting at Kerch College, Crimea, which left 20 casualties and at least 70 injured. Although these two incidents happened more than 3000km away from each other, the perpetrators of both incidents were inspired by Eric Harris and the Columbine shooting to “reenact” the events, producing a vicious imitation—or in other words, a copycat crime. Copycat crime refers to crimes that are inspired by a live model or media content concerning a prior crime. Although the causation of copycat crimes is debated, Zeynep Tufeki, a sociologist at the University of North Carolina , is concerned that the tornado of media coverage that swirls around each mass killings and its sensational and descriptive report of the killer’s plan before and after the shooting may be causing a vicious cycle of copycat effects. Furthermore, she emphasizes the need to recognize that copycat crimes are not mono-causal and that mental illness could also be the source of copycat crimes. Despite the debate of its roots, people have already started to take measures and tried to solve the issue of media-influenced actions. In 1978, Vienna was plagued with a sharp increase in suicides due to newly opened subways and the media’s intense coverage of those events. However, due to studies were done by the Austrian Association for Suicide Prevention, media coverage guidelines were created, leading to an 80% decline in both suicidal deaths and attempts. Zeynep Tufeki argued that copycat crimes could be further prevented with these models in mind. Firstly, law enforcement or media should not try to release an extensive report on the method of how the killer commits his or her crime. There should not be information on what weapons they used and where they got those weapons. Furthermore, extensive events in a timeline should

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not be released. According to the Atlantic, one guideline for media after the suicides in the subways, Vienna, was not to report the method of suicide. If information such as those above were not released or at least delayed, people would not be able to be influenced or inspired by recent crimes. Furthermore, they would not be able to follow what the perpetrator could have done. Secondly, the intense push to interview survivors and loved ones in their moments should be stopped. Media coverage with interviews of survivors and loved ones may increase the sense of spectacle or trauma, which could inspire many perpetrators. If these events are not portrayed as influential events, the media could mitigate the impact that they would have on others. Although the causation of copycat crimes is still debated, it is essential to recognize that media can also influence the actions of others and that measures need to be implemented to prevent such acts. The proposed solutions above are just a few of many, and further research is required to understand the true motivations for these actions. Likewise, people have been taking actions, but they are just a few of many that we may need to prevent further copycat crimes in the future.


By: Maple Htet

COPYCAT CRIMES ARE CAUSED BY MORE THAN JUST THE MEDIA On Oct. 17, there were 20 casualties and more than 70 wounded at Kerch college in Crimea, when 18-year-old student Vladislav Roslyakov initiated a college shooting and bomb attack before killing himself in the library. Due to the traits of his offense and outfits resembling that of Eric Harris, one of the two perpetrators at Columbine High School in 1999 before committing suicide in the library, Roslyakov was suspected to have executed a copycat crime. A copycat crime is one that is inspired by or modeled after the acts of offense that have occurred previously. French criminologist Gabriel Tarde proposed that copycatting can be defined by “the influence of one brain upon another brain,” thus, exists two stages: a model and a copy. The model - a real crime covered by media or a fictional work - generates an imitation. Although copycat crimes are mostly associated with murders, they also include suicides and rampage killings. To consider media influence as a defined cause of copycat crimes is still debatable. However, Ray Surette, a professor of criminal justice and legal studies in University of Central Florida, said that those whom are affected by the media have already had criminal disposition or mental illness. In addition, characteristics such as failure in human bonding, social isolation, and being exposed to crime opportunities are usually found in felons.

like everyone else.” In 2018, he acquired a gun legally and attended a shooting club. Media may have been a part of his criminal root, but not all. Nevertheless, “excessive media attention to a particular type of crime can be a risk factor for criminal behavior,” said Jacqueline Helfgott, a professor at Seattle University. Afterall, most copycat offenders tend to act in ways that will garner high media attention and large public horror. Copycat effect takes place when similar crimes happen due to the desire for fame. In another case, 17-year-old Kyle Shaw, member of a local boxing club, exploded homemade bombs across New York City on Memorial Day weekend in 2009. He later admitted that he was trying to launch his own “Project Mayhem” and copy the assaults planned by a fictional character in the movie Fight Club. Such people who become inspired to slash someone on the subway after seeing continuous reports of subway slashing on the evening news are known as “edge-sitters” between normal and criminal behaviors. To conclude, media influence is not the only cause of copycat crimes because not all people who watch the news or movies commit offense. Even though it has been 55 years since the term copycat crimes was introduced, more extensive research is needed.

In the case of Roslyakov, he had a traumatizing childhood as his father had treated him and his mother with violence before getting a divorce. When Roslyakov attended college, he was mistreated by his classmates because he was “not

COPYCAT

CRIMES

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NEW COMMISSION ON NARCOTIC DRUGS TO RISE AT SEOMUN By: Eric Hwang

Model United Nations (MUN) is a form of competition grounded in and engulfed by tradition, yet as the world evolves and new global issues emerge, so must the MUN. Embracing this idea of change at the upcoming conference, SEOMUN introduced a new council, the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND), to debate on the increasingly pertinent issue of opiate abuse. Specifically, the commission will look towards drafting infrastructure to assist the rehabilitation of drug addicts, preventing illicit substance trading, and rebuilding countries affected by drug trafficking. As a new council, the CND naturally has faced some initial obstacles. Without previous SEOMUN CND councils and little source material from the real-life CND, delegates and student chairs alike lacked precedents to follow while preparing for the conference. The dearth of previous examples made the preparation process for SEOMUN especially difficult for student chairs. “Given that SEOMUN has never had a CND, it was definitely harder to prepare for the conference logistically,” said Shelley Jeon, CND assistant president. “The chairs made sure that all nations with relevance to the status quo of narcotic drugs were included in the delegation list; furthermore, we worked hard to come up with suitable agendas that had potential to evoke fruitful debate. Preparing for SEOMUN as a chair of the CND was arguably harder than my previous chairing experiences, as

Photo by: Eileen Kwon

the actual CND is not as active or publicized online as committees such as the General Assembly.” Besides the unprecedented nature of the council, another distinguishing factor of the CND was its narrow scope. Unlike other councils which may juggle different political, economical, and social affairs simultaneously, the CND has the unique opportunity of addressing a single, very specific topic. This narrow focus has permitted CND delegates to prepare for debates with greater precision, allowing many to gain a more nuanced understanding of their respective country’s stance on the war on drugs. “The CND offers a distinct niche to be debated about, and it will be interesting to see how the distinct nature of the CND will play out within the grand scheme of the conference,” said Hahn Kang, the delegate of Australia. “The three sub issues [rehabilitation of addicts, prevention of illegal substance trafficking, and reconstruction of countries affected by substance trading] being debated are all similar, yet at the same time offer an entirely different perspective into our global drug problem, and being able to talk about these topics will be very intriguing.” Despite its many differences from other SEOMUN councils, the CND nonetheless shares many similarities with other committees. For example, several delegates asserted that although the CND may have a more focused, nuanced debate, the nature of the talks and resolution process should remain similar. “The CND’s debates will be similar to that of other councils such as the Environmental Commission in the aspect that there will be much participation from the audience,” Hahn said. “Because drug policy-making is a relatively less polarizing topic, I believe delegates will be able to speak out more and will be able to more freely create resolutions to tackle the issue of drug abuse!”

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COMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN AIMS TO ADDRESS GENDER INEQUALITY By: Jimin Lee

This year, SEOMUN introduced a new committee this year named Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) in the hope of addressing modern issues relating to gender inequality. In the upcoming SEOMUN conference, which is scheduled to take place from Nov. 9-11 at COEX, members of the committee will discuss ways to ensure equality between men and women. Specifically, delegates are to tackle three agendas: assisting women in refugee camps, ensuring equality and safety in the workplace for women, and addressing the question of reproductive autonomy. Through many discussions, delegates will draft resolutions aimed at ameliorating the lives of neglected women in both the present and future worlds. “This conference, I want to focus on addressing the question of reproductive autonomy,” said Emma Lee, the delegate of Liberia in CSW. “I firmly believe that the ability to choose whether to

continue or to end a pregnancy is a fundamental right that must be granted to all women since it is such a pertinent matter.”

problem.”

While some delegates are interested in specific agendas of the committee, other delegates value the importance of the committee as a whole. They believe that the intricacy and complexity of the various issues of gender inequality are what demand delegates’ attention and therefore make the committee so essential to SEOMUN, especially in the current world.

Considering the gender stereotypes that are ingrained in the minds of many people today, delegates in CSW generally seem to agree that there must be an increased awareness about the treatment of women across the globe. They hope that the conference will help them achieve their objective of working toward progressing the society in a way that guarantees women more attention and support.

“I believe CSW is a committee that rightfully deserves its place in SEOMUN,” said Sydney Rakow, the delegate of Liechtenstein in CSW. “As gender inequality issues are becoming more openly discussed, the formation of this committee comes at a perfect time. CSW is unique from other committees since gender inequality is an issue that cannot necessarily be eliminated through legal measures, which prompts us to seek other methods to tackle the

“Even today, there still are numerous issues regarding gender inequality that are not too prominently discussed,” said Yoon Lim, President of CSW. “Such issues can be resolved when the two genders learn to cooperate. That having been said, I want to emphasize the importance of both male and female delegates collaborating with each other to spark productive discussions that tackle these issues effectively and responsibly.”

Photo by: Eileen Kwon

SEOULITE 2018 Layout by: Jessie Park

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BEHIND THE SCENES OF PREPARING FOR

SEOMUN By: Eric Hwang

SEOMUN may be a rigorous and exhaustive experience for fellow delegates, as all students strive to cooperate and communicate with each other in order to propose ideal resolutions capable of effectively tackling real world issues. However, the days before the conference are just as tiresome, especially for members of Seoulite, as much preparation, practice, and time is needed in order to ensure that no mistakes are made on the days of SEOMUN. As SEOMUN is a student-led event, members of MUN and Seoulite are in charge of coordinating the conference. Certain members of MUN, who are chosen for their leadership and cooperative qualities, carry out specific tasks crucial for the success of the conference. Some tasks include inviting guest speakers, renting out rooms, organizing crises, and reaching out to any other MUN clubs across the region. On the other hand, members of Seoulite are responsible for creating articles and videos recapping certain issues, conflicts, or events that occur during each day of SEOMUN. In order to provide quality news, members of Seoulite must practice certain duties they are responsible for performing during each day of the conference.

“Months before SEOMUN begins, Seoulite reporters must prepare for the conference,” said Fiona Cho (11). “Reporters attend the Tuesday and Thursday meetings, in which they are assigned to different rooms that MUN practices are held in, where they take notes and produce articles on the delegates’ activities.” Although reporters have crucial roles in producing news for SEOMUN, many of the work and duties of photographers and layout artists go unnoticed. “A photographer of Seoulite must not be afraid or hesitant to go up close to take good photos,” said Lauren Kang (11). “In order to acquire the skill sets of a photographer, we are required to enter the rooms that MUN practices are proceeding and take photos that capture certain moments that were memorable or important.” “As a layout artist for Seoulite, we have a few tasks to complete before the conference,” said Christine Lee (11). “We receive finished articles from the reporters, then begin a draft cycle, in which we submit our layout template each time and get edits, which we revise in turn until we produce a final product. Hence, we are able to get a basic understanding of what type of layouts are needed for each article.” While the SEOMUN conference lasts only three days, it requires a months long period of preparation behind-the-scenes and the full effort, dedication, and cooperation of all members of Seoulite.

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SEOULITE 2018 Layout by: Louis Kim


WHERE TO SHOP + HANG OUT

@COEX By: Isabella Kim

MEGABOX LOCATION: COEX BUILDING B1

Megabox Cineplex, located in COEX, Gangnam,is the biggest cinema in Seoul with 16 theaters and 4,000 seats. The layout of the entrance and foyers are unique, and the design of the interior is overall very futuristic with bright neon lights to attract the younger audience. The most eye-catching feature of the Megabox movie theater is the 4D Megaride theaters, where people can watch films through 3D glasses while encountering special physical effects such as gusts of wind, blasts of water, moving seats, and permeating smells throughout the movie. The 4D Megaride movies vary in cost from 18,000 to 21,000 Korean won; a bit pricey, but definitely worth it. For viewers looking for cheaper movies, Megabox also offers 3D films that provide 3D glasses and regular 2D movies. You can easily book seats either online or on the spot. A wide variety of snacks are also sold at the theater entrance, including popcorn, drinks, and some Korean snacks. In addition to the theater, there is a mini arcade and Marvel store located at the entrance of the theater, where anyone can have fun if there is some extra time before watching a movie.

Photo from: zh.wikipedia.org

AQUARIUM LOCATION: COEX BUILDING B1

Photo from: klook.com

The COEX Aquarium has a wide variety of sea animals that people can watch and interact with. Consisting of over approximately 3,500 tons Creatures – 40,000 sea creatures from approximately 650 different species in 183 display tanks and 60 breeding tanks – spectators can enjoy their one to two hour tour around the aquarium in each of the themed parks. In addition, there is no need to worry about getting exhausted, as viewers don’t have to walk around all the time; there are resting areas and open-top water tanks that release anions, making the aquarium the perfect healing place for local and international people. On top of all the amazing features, this engaging place exhibits an underwater viewing tunnel, where people can view creatures all around at a 360 degree angle. The cost varies from 20,000 to 28,000 depending on the day and your age; typically there is no wait. The aquarium opens at 10:00 a.m. and closes at 9 p.m. so you are welcome to come anytime between to meet the variety of underwater species.

MUSEUM KIMCHIKAN LOCATION: COEX BUILDING B2

The Kimchi Museum presents the history, production, and types of kimchi to people, especially international guests who are willing to learn more about Korean culture by looking at interesting posters and kimchi artifacts. At the end of the exhibit, the opportunity to try many different types of kimchi is provided. This museum was selected by CNN as one of the world’s Top 10 food museums. Guides are available for or people who are interested in looking deeper into kimchi’s importance and the culture of Korea. The tour takes an hour or so, but for individuals willing to simply glance through the museum, it would potentially take only about 20 to 30 minutes. The entrance fee is only 3000 won, a very reasonable and understandable price. Photo from: lifeinkorea.com

SEOULITE 2018 Layout by: Edward Hahm

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AFFORDABLE LUNCH OPTIONS AT COEX By: Kate Lee, Sia Cho

BBONGSIN

burger B

Shy Bana Lobster Bar

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SEOULITE 2018 Layout by: Erin Lee

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1) Model United Nations conducted in Seoul City 2) when a speaker decides to give up the remaining time in his or her speech 3) teachers who prepare their students in the weeks leading up to the conference 4) a request made by a delegate that the committee as a whole do something 5) writers of a draft resolution 6) a state, national organization, regional organization, or non-governmental organization that is not a member of the UN but participates in its debates

1) a collection of two articles that relate to the same theme 2) a heading at the top of an article or page in a newspaper or magazine 3) the order and respect for others that all delegates at a Model UN conference must exhibit 4) groups of countries in a similar geographical region or with a similar opinion on a particular topic 5) combining two or more draft resolutions to make a bigger or new draft resolution 6) Model United Nations SEOULITE 2018 Layout by: Seoyun Yoo

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QUOTE BOX “I’M LOOKING FORWARD TO...” By: Emily Oh

CHRISTOPHER SHIN DISARMAMENT COMMISSION (DISARM) DELEGATE OF ANGOLA

[I’m looking forward to] going to SEOMUN for the second time, as I have accumulated a lot of experience since my first SEOMUN. I hope to not be the shy, quiet delegate this time, but [instead to be] a lot more active in debates and to make several significant contributions to both resolutions and clauses.

Photo by: Angela Ahn

ANDIE KIM GENERAL ASSEMBLY III (GA3) DEPUTY ASSISTANT PRESIDENT

SEOMUN XXI will be my third time returning to the conference. I am looking forward to interacting with new people and perspectives. I also hope to gain inspiration from this experience while also giving my two cents on international policies and further developing my leadership and critical thinking skills.

LYNN LEE SECURITY COUNCIL (SC) DELEGATE OF KAZAKHSTAN

[I’m looking forward to] seeing my friends from last year’s conference. I am excited to hear different opinions and ideas from my fellow delegates, and highly doubt [that] there will be any quiet and awkward moments during the conference.

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SEOULITE 2018 Layout by: Edward Hahm


Photo by: Angela Ahn

ANDREW YOON DISARMAMENT COMMISSION (DC) PRESIDENT

[I’m looking forward to] seeing my friends from last year’s conference. I am excited to hear different opinions and ideas from my fellow delegates, and highly doubt [that] there will be any quiet and awkward moments during the conference.

LEONARD LEE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL (ECOSOC) ASSISTANT PRESIDENT

I’m looking forward to seeing new delegates discuss new topics I haven’t debated myself. By debating with new people, I can hear from multiple perspectives and understand how people think differently in various contexts.

Photo by: Eileen Kwon

JEFFREY AHN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL (ECOSOC) DELEGATE OF CHINA

I’m looking forward to SEOMUN because it is my last SEOMUN and I want to culminate my MUN journey in High school with a good conference. Additionally, I want to see freshman delegates to reflect on how much I improved over the years.

Photo by: Katherine Kim

SEOULITE 2018 Layout by : Edward Hahm

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SEOULITE 2018 Layout by: Eugene Song


SEOULITE 2018 Layout by: Eugene Song

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Seoulite 18-19 Pre-Issue  
Seoulite 18-19 Pre-Issue  
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