Autumn Edition 2014
Contents Sutter 480 Down Under......................................1 The Fox CORE Loop............................................8 Watch This Space..................................................8 November Road Show in Victoria...................10 Watch This Space Too.............................................10 IMBA-Au Goes Troppo.........................................11 The Soul of IMBA...................................................12 IMBA-Au The Land Down Under.....................14
Sutter 480 Down Under
he first I ever heard of this purpose built trail building dozer was back in 2002 when Joey Klein and Pete Webber from IMBA first came to visit. We were still building trails with hand tools, so it blew our minds and seemed to be an impossible dream to import this kind of specialist equipment, made in the USA , to our fair Land Down Under. Well so I thought.
Then in 2011, IMBA sent Tony Boone out to Australia to assist with some workshops and trail design tasks. Tony can tell it better but he has spent over twenty five years using this type of machinery to cut sweet flowing trail. Naturally on his visit Tony was selling the virtues of the dozer and how much prime trail we could smash out in the right conditions. The machine would “cut through the hillside like it’s a big old slab of butter!” to quote Tony. Before I knew what was happening, Tony had organised to send a dozer over to Australia. One thing led to another and IMBA Australia were asked to lease the dozer in Australia and keep it in good order. Not really our core business but certainly with this kind of machinery I was hoping we could help trail contractors to reduce trail construction costs. Hence we were keen to help Sutter promote the dozer down under.
With minor projects completed in Lysterfield (Vic), Hornsby (NSW), Blue Mountains (Pony Express, NSW) and Craigburn Farm (SA) during the remainder of 2011 and 2012, I can speak highly of the dozer product. Kick ass bench cut! No messing about. And the pace this machine can chew through the hill is mind boggling if not jaw dropping. This machine has reduced grown men to tears, grovelling on the ground. I kid you not; just as Tony promised. Anyway, there was not much uptake in the latter half or 2012 so the plan was to put me through some intensive training on the machine so I could teach others and communities how to use the machine whereby they could save costs on operator expenses etc. Thanks to Melrose Over the Edge and Bartagunyah Winery we came up with a plan to teach some of us how to use the dozer and the bonus was some hyper flow trail for the Super D course out there in the hills surrounding Melrose (SA). With some fairly rigorous training from Tony, the next step was to bring the Dozer to Fox Creek and then that saga began! (See â€œNearly the Whole Storyâ€? in this Issue). This experience has me convinced. The combo of mini-dozer and mini excavator can create some truly inspirational trail experiences. Certainly, the dozer can make a big impact so it may not be the best tool for every trail project, but it can still be light on its feet with a skilled operator. If there is an opportunity to really move some dirt then the dozer can again take the trail construction to an unprecedented level. I am sold on this machine and I can recommend it for any large trail project where the vegetation is thick and the soil generous. Even in rocky ground this thing can make life easier for sure, but you will need to
Before 1 Descent
rotate jack hammers and/or the mini ex to the front to keep the pace up on really tough ground. Nevertheless, at Fox Creek, where the heavy clay soils are deep and the rocks are soft, the dozer just sliced though the terrain to bring the trail visions to reality. No more avoiding steep slopes. This machine allows you to build trail in the steepest terrain exceptionally easily. With the six way adjustable blade as well, the machine allows the operator to carve bike specific shapes into berms, booters and jumps. Want some camber, here you go..... massive pile of dirt. Certainly some have been appalled at the level of disturbance created by the dozer, yet from experience I know it is important to get the foundation of the trail set well because within twelve months in this part of the country, the trail will be over grown if no one is riding it! With some clever trail finishing techniques and blending of the back slope, plus the old IMBA technique of reintroducing the leaf litter to the trail corridor, even the dozer cut starts to look a little lighter on the landscape. I am confident that in 10 years, few would notice that the CORE loop was built by machinery because nature will have softened all the hard edges of the new trail. Besides, most will be too busy buzzing along the trail with an epic grin on their face to notice anything other than the flow line! To follow are some before and after shots to help paint the picture of what this amazing machine can provide, but also demonstrate that the initial disturbance in the early stages of trail construction can be mitigated with clever design and contentious rehabilitation of the trail corridor to create low impact trails.
After 1 Descent
4th May 2013 21st December 2013
14th September 2012
13th September 2012
5 Switchbacks turns - 3
8th November 2012
5 Switchbacks turns - 4
21st December 2013
Before: The Big Traverse
8th May 2013
After: The Big Traverse
14th September 2012
Before: Log Slide Feature
After: Log Feature
Log Feature December 2013
The big traverse corner
16th September 2013
21st December 2013
Yes a dozer has been through here. Admittedly we are using an old road bench, but this picture shows how “light on it’s tracks” the dozer can be.
Before 1 Ascent
4th May 2013
After 1 Ascent
21st December 2013
The Fox CORE Loop Nearly The Whole Story
The dream formulated many years ago. Scoping the terrain became an obsession, and then began five years of gentle advocacy with Forestry SA. Funding came through the Office for Rec and Sport which was managed by Bike SA and SAMBA. So, with approval and some modest funds, we moved to the next phase - ten weeks of design / flagging the trail alignment, which included cutting a pilot hole through thick woodland of blackberry and feral pines, some of it mashed into a gigantic pick up sticks set where previous pine felling had been left to rot. At some stages the design team was walking 2m above the natural soil across the fallen pines. It was very hard core trail design! Furthermore, some parts of the trail are located in a very steep valley with side-slopes of up to 80%. This made walking on wet hill sides tricky, whereby IMBA Aust Trail Consultant, Stu Clement began to use his sprigged “footy” boots after the first day just to get some traction! I used an old golf club to hack through the black berries. Eventually, we got through and the loop was approved by Forestry. Oh yeah! Due to the modest budget of the grant, whereby only a portion of the grant application was awarded, professional trail construction was not viable. Therefore another model of construction was needed to be considered to complete
the project. The community model. The dozer was in SA, SAMBA were keen to dig more new trail and I really didn’t want to be the one who let this dream slip through my fingers. This was the last chance to make it happen so I bit the bullet and decided IMBA Au could provide this service while working with volunteers to deliver a demonstration trail of the IMBA guidelines. It was now or never so I chose now (then)! This means we were finally ready to start construction, but it meant a lot of chain saw work before we could even get the machine going. Ultimately there was nearly 4 full weeks of chain saw work to cut the corridor, and 170 hours of 480 Sutter Trail Dozer grunt. Following this, we had the pleasure of investing countless hours on the hand tools to ensure super groomed flow on the “Green Smoothie Descent” but also to make sure drainage and back-slopes were optimal where we could on the ascending part of the loop. Most importantly, this new loop is also a demonstration of what the Sutter 480 dozer can do in Australia. I am impressed and I think anyone who rides the trail will be too!
The whole loop is overlayed across 180m vertical, from bottom to top and down again. The climb meanders up the
atch This Space
Site of the new mini skill park at Lysterfield lake park. We look forward to working with Parks Victoria and the Lysterfield district riders once again!
hill at 5% average with a few gradient pinches and then the descent is designed to maximise the elevation with the no pedalling, no braking and plenty of pumping action philosophy, to make it feel like a very long indulgence in gravity; again with average grades of 5%. Depending on which combination of single track one uses, the loop can be 9 or 10 km, with about 6km of new climbing single track (Middle Earth) and 2.5 km of flowing descent to make it a loop.
Special thanks to Bike SA, Forestry SA, Sutter Equipment, MTBA, Inside Line DH MTB Club, SAMBA, The Human Projectiles, and many volunteers. You all played a part in making this trail! Big or small your contribution counts!
From a trail network design point of view, the new CORE Loop at Fox Creek (SA) has been retro fitted to the trail network to maximise use of elevation, link top and bottom car parks as well as provide progressive trail experiences for a broad range or MTB riders.
Essentially, this trail is the culmination of everything I have learnt in terms of trail design and construction. Many helped to make the vision live. Thank you. It is hard evidence that trails built to IMBA specification do not need to be dull. Apart from a couple of mistakes, this trail is a very literal interpretation of the guidelines. IMBA is the link. The guidelines work. This trail is rated Green Circle but enjoyed by all. It pays homage to the stacked loop concept for trail network design, the core loop being the centre of everything. I give you Fox CORE!
November Road Show in Victoria with Marty Krieg
I was only too pleased to hit the road for IMBA-Au again last November to deliver a series of sustainable trails workshops and consultations across Victoria. First stop was the You Yangs where around 25 Parks Vic staff from across the state gathered for a 2 day forum on MTB management and sustainable trail design. Anyone who’s ridden the You Yangs would know it’s right up there among Australia’s premier MTB trail networks, but less obvious to the casual visitor is how successful the park has been behind the scenes as a model of good MTB trail management. Mark Urquhart and other You Yangs Rangers shared some of their successes and challenges while I provided the IMBA perspective on a range of MTB management issues. We were also fortunate to have some industry input with World Trail’s Grant Suckling attending together with Forrest’s entertaining and passionate Norm Douglas. Parks Vic have MTB trail development well and truly on their agenda so the workshop was aimed at helping Parks Vic staff replicate the success of the You Yangs as a MTB facility in other parts of the state. After an (all-too-brief) mid-week visit to our good friends with the fine trails at Mt Buller, a second workshop for the trip was held with the Alpine Cycling Club at Bright in northeast Vic-toria, attended by about a dozen keen riders & diggers from around the region. It’s yet another Aussie location with not only a great array of existing trails but vast untapped MTB potential… definitely one to watch over the next few years as an emerging cycling mecca.
Just a few days later we held another 2 day workshop for about 25 riders & volunteers from Geelong MTB Club, You Yangs MTB Inc & Surfcoast Trail Riders. The workshop was split between trails at Anglesea and the You Yangs with some enhancements made to trails in the Kurrajong area of the You Yangs. A huge thanks to Mark Urquhart for his tireless work in making both workshops run so smoothly.
atch This Space Too
ore good news for Sydney MTBers; Warringah Council have now gained approval (under environmental and indigenous heritage protection legislation) to proceed with upgrades to Manly Dam. These upgrades were recommended by the trail audit that IMBA-Au completed early in 2013. The tendering process for Stage 1 of the project is underway and on-ground works are scheduled to begin during the coming autumn.
IMBA goes Troppo
Meteorologically speaking December is always an exciting time in Darwin and our week-long trail audit at Charles Darwin National Park (supported by D.O.R.C. - Darwin Off Road Cyclists & Parks NT) certainly didn’t disappoint. There was more thunder, lightning and rain in that one week than us southerners usually witness in a decade. Charles Darwin NP is within rolling distance of the CBD and has a great little network of fun XC trails in a Gondwa-
eanwhile in the Red Centre, Parks NT are also preparing to implement trail signage upgrades recommended by our audit of the Telegraph Station Trails. While Alice has a plethora of great trails this will be the first area to be fomailsed and sign posted, and will form a model ‘gateway trail’ experience that will give locals and tourists alike a prime taste of desert-flavoured MTBing.
naland-like setting. The audit will assist Parks NT and DORC plan upgrades to the trails and signage that will not only enhance the park for local riders but hopefully entice some larger events such as the Oceania Championships to the Top End in the not-too-distant future.
The SOUL of IMBA Confessions of a National Director
Recently (late 2013) I was made aware of an article (blog) from the US that was titled “Has IMBA lost its Soul?”. Sensing the sentiment, I read through the article and comments with much trepidation. I have seen this kind of debate before at the local and state level here in Oz and it is never pretty. Upon reading the article I really started to feel disappointed and shocked. After all these years, some bike riders still cannot see the bigger picture of what we, IMBA are trying to do. What initially started out as healthy debate pretty quickly turned into a mud-slinging contest in a realm where IMBA staff and supporters cannot defend themselves or their actions. Sure the debate raises some valid points, many of which are specific to business interests of IMBA in the US, but the sheer hatred of IMBA by some is difficult to fathom and even harder to swallow, particularly when some of the folks perpetrating the hatred have benefited significantly both financially and in regard to their ongoing relationships with land managers, from the hard work of IMBA at some point in the past. To me it seems to be the “tall poppy” syndrome and IMBA become the target for any changes, even evolution of the single track discipline.
Maybe too long, and while I am not opposed to criticism and constructive feedback, this kind of mud-slinging and undermining of the IMBA principles is stupid on so many levels. A big part of the confusion I think is because IMBA and sometimes other trail professionals are working for the land managers while still trying to represent the riding community. In a commercial sense, when IMBA Australia is assessing existing trails or designing new trails, we are working directly for the land manager as the client. We always have the end user (MTB riders or shared use) in mind, but ultimately the client dictates the nature of projects and the level of risk they are prepared to accommodate. In many instances, land managers work in virtual isolation, so even if something has worked for the bigger dept in one area of their state, a new area has to go through the same old consultation and approval processes once again. We have to run through the same old tired (tyred) arguments, address the same old misconceptions and face the seemingly limitless fears that officials and residents carry with them. Every new trail area is like a microcosm of the broader trail access debate. Every battle plays out in similar ways and there is no way to fast track any of it, thanks to the extensive bureaucracy that has been created at every level in this country (local, state and federal). So we, the professionals, have to work through the whole process time and time again from whoa to go, attempting to maintain professionalism and objectivity in the face of screaming subjectivity and divisiveness. And let me tell you, it takes extreme patience and self control of passionate individuals to wade through these issues and at times you can understand that I have felt like I am banging my head against a wall – “why doesn’t anyone understand!” It’s so simple, the kids just want to ride their bikes on dirt!
As someone who has worked solidly for 10 years promoting the IMBA model in SA and now as the national rep for IMBA, this emotion, the kind subjective nonsense in the article and comments really gets under my skin. The notion that IMBA has lost its soul is totally misinformed. IMBA is the link! IMBA is the principle, the model approach, the blue print that has enabled Australian land mangers to embrace MTB single track. Time and time again I have seen councillors and park rangers literally change their minds right before my eyes once they have heard what IMBA reps have had to say. IMBA is the link between the land mangers and the riders. Without IMBA we would not have the extent of MTB trails in Australia we now have. I know this better than most because I have been on the front line of trail advocacy for a long time.
Many land managers are catering for MTBing for the first time and so it’s only reasonable that they start at the low
end of the sport, specifically green and blue trails, that are more inclusive, less risky and easier to justify to the authorities. Strategically it makes sense to cater for the novice and intermediate riders first and once established with documented success, then more elite experiences can be rolled out. It’s the only rational approach, and IMBA Australia is part of the puzzle to make it work. Yet many riders lack the patience and the foresight to understand these long term plans and they scream for high end trail right now or they go build their own and undermine the process once again. It can be a vicious circle with the glass is half empty attitude. Essentially those of us at IMBA are like the “meat in the sandwich”. We get drilled by the conservationists and risk adverse loons and then at the same time we are getting hammered by the loudest members of the MTB community, many of who are respected role models, for “dumbing down” trails. It is a really tough place to be and no, we do not get paid enough to deal with this kind of punishment. While I am fighting the battle for MTB riders, who has got my back! Yet the very nature of our sport means this aspect of the job at IMBA may never change. We just have support each other and keep telling ourselves it is for the greater good. So even after you have bent over backwards, trying to find workable compromises with the land managers, questioned your own sanity each step of the way and given up your own ride time to help someone else make their trail dreams a reality, the very high expectations of parts of the MTB community will never be met. So my mantra over the years has been that “if we can keep half the people happy half the time, then we are doing ok”. From experience the silent majority are extremely happy with what IMBA does. It could be surmised that it is mostly the old dinosaurs that had their heyday in the 1990’s, who cannot adjust to the new school trail developments and massive influx of new riders. MTB is not on the fringe anymore, it’s gone mainstream and we need to keep up. If a trail gets “dumbed down” you can be sure that the land manager and their lawyers have asked it to be so, and for some reason IMBA get the blame! It’s crazy, and some MTB riders have successfully sued land managers in this country for various incidents, only to get back on the bike later and continue to enjoy freely supplied single track. It is no wonder that land managers are nervous about MTB because even if they do provide a full and proper “duty of care” the chances are it will be cheaper to settle out of court than to fight against civil actions! Just keep in mind, when trails loose their “cutting edge” appeal, sometimes there are big reasons behind the scenes. Reasons that span our whole society in Australia. Anyway – that’s a plenty big enough rant from me. It’s all worth it in the end! Get out there and ride!
IMBA-AU in the Land Down Under The Land Down Under
This is a very brief summary of the role IMBA has played in Australia since first visiting our sun burnt country. This perspective is provided by Nick Bowman with assistance from a number of key advocates from around the country. Please note, all success stories depend on the hard work of local advocates and this document simply aims to highlight those trail projects and partnerships where IMBA and the IMBA guidelines helped to make those projects and partnerships successful! This involvement takes nothing away from the efforts of dedicated locals to make their trail dreams a reality. (Thanks Tony Scott for working hard to promote the IMBA model in Australia over many years).
Visit 1 Date: February 2002 Pete Webber & Joey Klein (initiated by Tony Scott) Site Visits:
General Outcomes and â€œFlow on Effectsâ€? (advocacy/trail centres):
In almost every instance, where Pete and Joey met with local MTB clubs and land managers we began to see a higher level of engagement between stakeholder groups (riders and rangers) as well as a model for how trails could be developed and maintained as low impact activities in Australia. From my perspective in SA, as the logistics guy on ground, the IMBA guys gave us a language to talk about trails and trail construction and most importantly find the common ground with the land managers so that we could all move forward together.
ite visit to Smithfield and talks with Glen Jacobs, Cairns MTB Club and Parks Queensland. This leads to formal agreements with the club to open trails at Smithfield. Once again Smithfield has been nominated as a World Cup and World Championships Venue..
eet with Townsville Council, Rockwheelers and Parks Queensland with site visits to the DH Track and Douglas Reserve. Peter McLean, Hayden Tiley and Greg become devotes of the IMBA model!.
eet with advocates and land managers to assess trails at Gap Creek. Unauthorised trail use is rampant and IMBA advise on the necessary planning for Daisy Hill and Mt Coot-tha with Gillian Duncan and other advocates.
et with Sydney Reps (even at this stage it was clear trail advocacy had a long way to go in NSW). Manly Dam trail authorization discussions with local advocates commence.
ialogue starts with Parks Vic and then DSE - Leads to an MOU with Parks Vic and ultimately You Yangs, Lysterfield and Forrest.
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nforms and strengthens the broader Office for Rec and Sport, ForestrySA and BikeSA in working towards formalisation of Fox Creek and the development of Eagle MTB Park which are key projects (Foundation Trails) of the SA MTB Strategy (2001).
nternal guidelines, Munda Biddi plans and MTB access becomes a major challenge for DEC but IMBA have provided insight into how to progress with solutions.
Visit 2 Date: October 2003 Joey Klein Site Visits: Tumbarumba
General Outcomes and “Flow on Effects” (advocacy/trail centres):
his innovative four day trail school or as I like to call it “Master Class” enabled Eattendees to take a detailed look at the trail development guidelines and how they can be implemented in a real setting. These attendees all play a role in the implementation of the IMBA model in their respective areas and professions.
otable attendees: Tony Scott (organiser), Gerard McHugh (DSE/World Trail), Kristjan Snorrensen (TrailMix), Gillian Duncan (Gap Creek/MTBA), Brenton Collins (Adelaide MTB Club/Trail Solutions Australia), Marty Krieg (BikeSA/IMBA Au), Rod Worthington (SA), The Kennet Brothers (NZ), MOZZIE (Rockwheelers).
Canberra / NSW
Launceston, Cradle Mountain and Hobart
alk to CNP (Parks ACT) land managers and managers . Talk to Kosciusko local riders and the planning authority about MTB access as the new PofM was being drawn up
ne day trails workshop for land managers, visit to Trevallan where a plan was in place for MTB trails. Drove to Hobart via Trial Bay (west coast of Tassie). Gave a one day workshop at Cascades Brewery to land managers. Visited Glenorchy. While there are still issues around Hobart, Glenorchy has become a prime bike park!
oey and Tony Scott preview the site for the 2006 Commonwealth Games XC track at Lysterfield once again reinforcing the need for sustainable, long lasting trails
Visit 3 Date: November 2005 Joey Klein Site Visits:
Perth South West
General Outcomes and “Flow on Effects” (advocacy/trail centres):
oat Farm and Mt Lennard (Pile Rd) – At this point unauthorized trail development was rampant in WA and riders and Land managers were not on the same page. Joeys visit and trail workshops provided a forum for both to understand one another’s needs and to develop a shared language and vision for MTBing in WA. The Goat Farm MTB park project sprang from this workshop and MTBers and land managers worked together to fund and develop the Goat Farm. Department of Parks and Wildlife developed MTB management guidelines in conjunction with riders to guide trail development
ity of Mitcham finalise their (MTB) Trails Strategy that outlines all future trail development across the council tenure. The majority of elected members were extremely impressed with Joey Klein’s presentation and it helped to formulate a solid determination to open the council reserves to unstructured recreation (trails). 1. Adelaide: Presentations to City of Mitcham, Forestry, National Parks and other stakeholders. 2. Trail workshop with local riders. Brief visit to Forrest Forrest Trails project underway with DSE
Visit 4 Date: 2006 Joey Klein Site Visits
Launceston & Derby
General Outcomes and “Flow on Effects” (advocacy/trail centres)
MBA are contracted to design a trail network at Hollybank with assistance from local Rob Potter. Hollybank is now undergoing professional trail construction funded by Tourism Australia.
Visit 5 Date: February 2008 Joey Klein (organised by Tony Scott and Gillian Duncan) Site Visits
General Outcomes and “Flow on Effects” (advocacy/trail centres)
Tracks & Trails Conference at Noosa
rail Workshop for local clubs and stakeholders in the build up to the 2008 Tracks and Trails Conference. New trails and upgrades are designed and implemented at Tretawin State forest.
EO and President of IMBA (US) gave a keynote address while Joey Klein made a specialist presentation at this National Trails Conference. Talks about IMBA Australia progressed and key advocates from around Australia pooled their knowledge to develop and Aussie version of the Trail Difficulty Rating System.
urther advances to advocacy with Parks SA and some local council reps. Ongoing progress with Mitcham and ForestrySA. Some progress made with local government reps
Milestone 1 Date: October 2009 Nick Bowman employed as National Director of IMBA Australia “Nick was the successful applicant from seven other highly qualified experts in the field of MTB advocacy.” EO Tony Scott (2009) At last MTB advocacy had a dedicated national director to take over the burgeoning requests for trail advice from the MTBA EO Tony Scott. Once installed the calls for help, advice and trail workshops increased. “Build it and they will come” comes to mind. Initial visits to WA, Lysterfield, Atherton, Cairns, Wangarratta and Snowy Mountains have all helped to kick start local networks and build support for trail projects. Demand for IMBA Australia was immediate and overwhelming!
Visit 6 Date: April 2010 Joey Klein (organised by Nick Bowman) Site Visits
General Outcomes and “Flow on Effects” (advocacy/trail centres)
airns was once again and opportunity for riders and Cairns MTB club to sit down with the local park ranges and work out a path forward for formalizing Smithfield MTB park and Atherton . Notably these two projects have resulted in trail networks of national importance as well as a World Cup and Championships venue uilding on the workshop in Cairns, IMBA met with a number of agencies and trail advocates with some trail work at Mt Coot–tha, to wrap it up. Flow on benefits to Mt Joyce, Brisbane City Council and Gold coast council plus the formulation of broader strategies to engage MTB riders across Qld.
A Margaret River
Melbourne Lysterfield Lake
Sydney Hornsby and Ourimbah
similar situation to many other places had developed at Margaret River with Land Managers and MTBers at loggerheads over trail development. This workshop bought all parties together and provided the forum for important conversations and understanding’s to develop between MTBers and land managers. This was the beginning of cooperation and respect between all parties. Joey and IMBA provided an independent voice that while advocating for MTBing also spoke the language that land managers wanted to hear about respecting the land and building safe and sustainable trails.
ith over 40 attendees from MTB clubs, state govt departments and other interested parties, the flow on effects from this workshop are far and wide reaching from Forrest to Nowa Nowa, Mornington Peninsular to Wodonga. MTB in Vic got a very big boost with this State Level workshop!
ay 1 of an extended program saw that we had over 60 attendees. It was huge. Although immediate results cannot be claimed here, we are now seeing MTB developments roll out across the state thanks to the hard work of many local advocates. Key projects at Glenrock, Ourimbah, Bundanoon, Mt Annan, Manly Dam, Hornsby, Bantry Bay, Livingstone State Park and Belrose demonstrate that the IMBA message plays a role in opening up trails for the public.
AUSTRALASIAN SUMMT Announcement
MTBA and IMBA Australia deeply regrets that at this time we need to advise that the 2014 IMBA Australasian Summit has been cancelled. The proposed Summit unfortunately, had not been able to achieve the necessary registrations and financial support required for it to proceed at this time. We thank you for your interest in this event and are extremely sorry for those of you who have already made travel bookings to attend the Cairns summit. Naturally all conference registration fees will be fully refunded. On the positive side, we are now working towards planning for an Advocacy & Trails Summit in 2015. With additional time and an opportunity to source alternative venues and locations, IMBA-AU and MTBA are confident that we will be able to organise a very valuable conference and Summit in the future. Kind regards Nick Bowman National Director IMBA Australia