URBAN ESTUARY Utopia Redux
Seng Poh LIONG
T his research booklet is prepared by Seng Poh LIONG.
This report follows the guiding scope and parameters set out by the M.Arch Graduation Studio S1 & S2 2016 of UNSW Australia. Supervised by Russell Rodrigo and Katarina Vrdoljak.
Thematic Research Question
Bay Precinct Vision A Review
Urban Food System
Food Security and Food System
Innovative Food Production
A Case Study
Sydney's Fish Market
Blackwattle Bay Re-visit
Design Intend Design Proposal Development & Visions
0 8 Master Plan Concept Progress Development
The Urban Estuary
0 9 Building Proposition
Design Concept Area of Schedule Design Development The Urban Estuary Aquaponics
Structural Strategy Material Strategy Facade Strategy
Final Concept Model
1 1 Appendices References
#1.0 I ntro duction
1.1 Thematic Research Question
F ood has been the center of civilization and cultures since the dawn of humanity. In the next decade, food population is going to be 60% urban and food access is going to be a primary issue. By 2050, not only food production has to be doubled in order to meet global demand, food security would also emerge as a major global issue. The range of factors are known to influence food security, such as growing population, falling agricultural productivity, land degradation and climate change are increasingly exerting pressure on global food supplies.
// How Can The Typology of Fish Market be Rethought in terms of Sydney's Food Security ?
adaptively redefine how a building reponse towards global food security issue. The research booklet contains all relevant information that supports the formulated hypothesis.
1.2 Blackwattle Bay
T he Bay Precinct is one of Sydney's main
Located just 2km west of Sydney CBD, the transformation of the precinct is an opportunity to create a stunting waterfront destination along the foreshore. Several locations have been selected by the Urban Growth NSW as key destination under the transformation plan, which includes the site - Blackwattle bay and WentworthPark. Being surrounded by prime estate such as the habour and park. The site would serve as a platform for better engagement between the physical and visual linkages of the community and habour. This book contains the initial hypothesis of the thematic research and relevant information in supporting the formulation of the final proposal.
B ay P recinct
2.1 A Review
site is situated along the the
From my opinion, I accept the vision proposed by
vision of Bay Precinct 's Transformation Plan by
the NSW Urban Growth in the Transformation Plan,
the NSW Urban Growth. Geographically located
as there is a huge potential of geography location
just 2km aways from CBD, the bay is Sydney's
of the site, being located between transition zones
highest potential urban transformation site to be
of multiple districts out of the city's CBD. Given the
explored to its full potential in representing the city
opportunity to reimagine the current state of the
at a global scale. An internationally-competitive,
site into a highly visionary precinct that prioritise
resilient and prosperious global city to live, work
pedestrians, connections that is recognised in
and visit (Urban Growth, 2015). It is visioned to
both local and international scale.
create a stunning waterfront desinations as well
Therefore, this report contains all the relevant
as a variaty of public spaces, promenade that in
research and informations that supports the
turns creates employment to further strengthen the
research question as well as the idea of the
Transformation Plan progressively.
3.1 Urban Food System
the Bigger Picture of
urban food system.
F ood security has a direct correlation
More importantly, it integrates the idea of live,
within the cycle of urban food system, therefore
work, play into the activities of a production
it is vital to understand the overall food system in
landscape. Therefore, a healthy urban food
combating food security. An urban food system
system leads a heathly and sustainable growing
has the outline to guide the development of
community that is economically, environmentally
a sustainable and integrated system of food
and socially productive community.
production, through its processing distribution, marketing, consumption and waste management within an urban context.
" A healthy urban food system leads to a healthy and sustainable growing community that is economically, environmentally and socially productive community "
Cooking Meals Food Eventst
Planting Management Harvesting
Farmer's Market Retails Pantries
Washing Canning Freezing
5 Key Success of an Urban Food System
The urban food system relies on different
pieces of infrasture to utilize each other's resources.
Integration of their daily activities of the
community through recreation and communal gatherings.
A market place should be a form of common
thread amongst producers and consumers.
Large series of food access points for a
healthy supply chain of fresh affordable food.
Integration of waste management in recycle
and reuse nutrition in food production system
The Impact Cause by the Food System towards Food Security
Source : Regional Development Australia 2013
" What we eat and how we produce has a huge impact on our health, environment, economy and communities. To ensure our food system can provide adequate, safe and nutritious food for all people in the future, we need to address serious challenges. "
food secur it y
3.2 Food Security | Global
F ood security exist "When all peope at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life." While it define as both physical and economic access to food that meets people's dietary needs. However, food security is a complex sustainable development issue that is linked to health through malnutrition but also to sustainable economic development, environment and trade.
Three Pillars of Food Security :
2. Food Access
3. Food use
Source : Security Policy Implications of Scarce Resources
3.2 Food Security | Global
T oday, food security is an emerging
However, food security isn't define just by
global issue that is influenced by a range of factors
having sufficient access to food but access to
such as growing populations, falling agricultural
adequate nutrition to meet their dietary hence,
productivity, land degradation, climate change
this report tends of focus on "malnutrition" as
and more. Furthermore, consequences of food
the source of inspiration to be discuss further.
insecurity can be threatening across multiple scales and platform which includes starvation, malnutrition and conflicts.
Source : OXFAM Australia (Power of People Against Poverty)
3.2.3 Cause of Food Security
land for agricultural purposes are decreasing due to increase in urbanization, land use competition and degration. A research done by the Department of immigration and citizenship found out that by 2050, 430,000 hectares of agricultural land surrounding Melbourne and Sydney will be taken up by housing.
Water availability is directly associated with the agricultural sector and is often limited by it. Studies also revealed that agriculture is the largest consumer of water, consuming 50% of national water consumption.
In Australia, producers and consumers are
In developing countries, demand for higher
affected on a regular basis by climate change.
quality and higher protein food sources are likey
Climate variability and extreme events due
to increase because rapid growth in economy
to global warming, such as droughts, floods
and living standards. In fact, consumer demands
and cyclones would lead to fluctuations in
have always been the driver of food value
production, supply and cost of food products.
chain. Providing adequate nutrition to growing population through a balanced diet of quality food products is likey to be challenging.
Research & Development
Economical issues would arised from and are
It is noted by the PMSEIC, that the increased
interrelated with other issues, such as climate
funding and support for agricultural research
variability effects the overall supply of the food,
and development will be vital to maintaining food
which leads a increase in price. This would
security in face of these multiple challenges.
effect the purchasing power of the locals and
However, public funding in Australia has been in
decline for several decades.
" Food Security is a complex sustainable development issue " W.H.O
3.3 Food Security | Food System
F ood security is a complex sustainable development issue. However, there is a great deal of debate around food security revealed by the World Health Organisation (WHO) argues that :
// There is enough food in the world to feed everyone adequately, the problem is distribution.
// Future food needs can - or cannot - be met by current levels of production.
// National food security is paramount - or no longer necessary because of global trade.
not - lead to the presistences of food security and poverty in rural communities.
The fact that food security mainly define as " ready availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods and the assured ability to acquire food ... " Hence, the way food is produce,
harvest and process has a direct consequence on food security. In addition towards the idea of reinventing the urban food system, food
should also be produce, harvest and process sustainability in a innovative way to address growing population as well as limited resources.
The issue then leads to question the roles of the community ?
community is affected by the urbanization and convenience of modern food. Evidently, the exclusion of consumer from the urban food system has lead to the unawareness of how food is related across the spectrum. In fact, the disconnection between consumer and producer within the urban food system is more pronounce today than ever before, both physically and ideologically.
" Fish is among the healthiest foods on the planet that is loaded with important nutrients ... " Joe Leech, Dietitian
Why Seafood ?
is a name that includes
both fish and shellfish such as mussels and crustaceans. In Australia, seafood from the fish market is known for their variety , freshness and quality. On top of that, they are also regulated by the government towards the world's best practice in sustainable fishing.
Evidently, seafood is important towards
a healthy diet to combat food security and it is the food choice for the health-conscious. As they are high in Omega-3's and 6's, ideally for brain and nervous development. However, Australians are not consuming enough seafood in their dietary lifestyle, as only one in four reported eating once a week instead of 2 fish based meal suggested by the Australian Dietary Guidelines.
Low / None
Saturated Fat Source of
NUTRITION INFORMATION OF SEAFOOD
Source : Australian Fisheries Research and Development Corporation
Iodine & Calcium
3.4.1 Benefits of Seafood
High in Important Nutrients
Increase Brain's Grey Matter and Protect from Age Deterioration
Reduced Risk of Autoimmune Diseases
Contain Nutrients Crucial Development
Prevent and Treats Depression
Prevent Asthma in Children
Lower Risk of Heart Attack and Stroke
Good Dietary Source of Vitamin D
Protect Vision from Old Age
I n n ovative
pro duc tion
Case Study 1 | Hedron Rooftop Farm
T he Hedron Rooftop Farm is a bamboo
greenhouse designed to organically grow fish and vegetables on top of generic flat roofs in the urban city, in fact it is design to feed four families of four all year round.
The structure is also optimised for aquaponic farming techniques: the fish water nourishes the plant and plant acts as a filter medium to clean the water. It is capable of producing a variety of seasonal vegetables up to 400kg and 100kg of fish annually. This a possible solution towards limited land resoures for argiculture due to its overall foot print, modularity and capibilities.
Close Looped Cycle
Case Study 2 | Floating Fields
The installation not only educates the comunnity
installation with the concept of "to return
about aquaponics by allowing them to participate
agriculture to the Shenzhen's bay with floating
in the process, it also generated events with
agricultural fields in the Urbanisim/Architecture
great response and publicity from community
Bi-City Biennale in Shenzhen." The idea was
and media. Subsequently, food harvested on
to create a public space through a productive
site were offered to the participates of a Tasting
edible landscape, at the same time reviving
the roots of polyculture ecology unique to the abandon site.
A series of connected ponds holding various aquatic
ecological water cycle that is self-sustain similar to the Hedron Rooftop Farm to produce food. On top of that, a factory is retrofitted into a multiuse learning resource centre with exhibition, roundtable space, library and cafe.
What is Aquaponics ? // Aquaponics is the combination of aquaculture, and hydroponics. It allows you to produce fish and plants in the one system with a large reduction in water use. Northern Territory Govern
I t works in 2 main components of the
system are the fish tank and the growing beds along with a small pump circulating the water between them. As water passes through the roots of the plants before going back into the fish tank; the plants would extract the water and nutrients from the fish waste in order to grow, at the same time filtering the water. In which resulted in a closed loop ecosystem that is both benificial to the plant and fish.
There are two common growing bed (1) Flood and drain Style (2) Floating Raft Style, as shown in the figures on the right.
Benefits of Aquaponics
'waste'. In aquaponics there is no more toxic run-off from either hydroponics or aquaculture.
Aquaponics uses only 1/10th of the water of soil-based gardening, and even less water than hydroponics.
Reduces labour dramatically. Focuses on the enjoyable task of feeding the fish and harvesting the plants.
Why Urban Agriculture ?
rapid urbanization takes form,
which would then cause a rapid increase in urban
agriculture is to provide multiple beneficial across
poverty and urban food insecurity. Evidently,
the spectrum such as employment, food security
most cities in developing counties have great
as well as eoclogical sustainbale development.
difficulties to cope with this development and are
unable to create sufficient formal employment
management in which recycling nutrient via
opportunities for the poor. (Rauf Foundation,
decentralised composting and reuse of organic
n.d) However, urban agriculture provides a
waste and wastewater. They also provide other
complementary strategy to reduce urban poverty
services demanded by urbanist such as urban
and food security and thus enhance the urban
greening, improvement of micro climate, acting
as buffer zones andflood plains. Subsequently,
it provides a provision of opportunities for leisure It plays an important role in enhancing urban food security since through the intervention of economical cost for supplying and distributing the food within the urban context. Furthermore, it is noted that urban agriculture to a large extent complements rural agriculture in which increases the efficiency of national food system that rural agriculture cannot supply easily.
and recreational activities.
Further reasearch shows the modularity and the customisable features of aquaponics could be utilised within an urban setting.
S ydney fish market
4.0 Sydney's Fish Market
B eing a core operative system within
Here, they act as the middleman acquiring the
Currently, they are supplying approximately 60%
the seafood system, Sydney Fish Market (SFM)
best intrest offered by the local market and
of the seafood market in Australia, catering to
is Australia's seafood centre of excellence and it
distributors for the fishermen 's catch.
about 150-200 buyers daily from 5.30am with
is known for their varieties and freshness.
its computerrized Dutch auction system.
Auction Screen Auction Floor
A Sketch of an Auction in Progress
Function of Sydney Fish Market as the Middle man
Fishermen Fish Farms
To ensure the safety and quality of the auction seafood, inspection team starts individual quality inspections at 2am, subsequently putting into storage and category before the auction process
Seafood According to Location / Source
begins at 5.30am. Temperature are to be kept within 1 - 4'c to maintain quality and freshness.
Otherwise, unusabled or perished seafood are
disposed of by the waste management in 2
methods respectively, recycled as fertilizer or disposed in the ocean as fish food, depending on the condition of the carcass.
Schematic Plan of Auction Floor
Public & Private Segregation
Distribute Fish Market
Despite the dialog between the public and private is disconnected physically and visually. It was a great experience being able to have
the opportunity to experience what is the overall auction process and understand different kinds of seafood sold along the process. However, it was problematic walking through the wet
auction floor and obstructing the workers, due to the lack of physical tour route and education facilities.
Existing Let Lettable Area
B lack wattle bay R E - V isit
5.1 The History
of years before the first
Europeans settlement, the Bay Precinct has always been a well established place for the local Aboriginal culture. With its abundants of natural food source, clans often trades among themselves and survived along the movement on creeks and waterways.
As urban sprawl began after the arrival of new settlers, the Bays Precinct is transformed into a industrial district to support maritime trade for the colony. As time passed, industrial uses extended its manufactured typology into timber and detergent factory in White Bay.
many of these memories has became significant heritage of the area; leaving only a hint of the past. While, the topology today consist of a range of important maritime, port and commercial uses which is not open to the public.
Source: New South Wales State Library
Early Settlement - land grant was aequisitioned by John Harriss. In which he than constitute to greater part of Pyrmout in developing along Darling Harbour.
1870 Industrial Development - Opening of Glebe Bridge
simple whafts. Tramline was also introduced
importance of transportation along bridge st.
1911 1990 The construction of Anzac Bridge involves further land reclamation which resembles current foreshore.
Burley Griffin Incinerator Coal Loader
Sze Yup Temple
Toxteth Park Tranby Wetworth Park
" The Bay Precinct has a rich cultural history & heritage, we could honour and create great places and connections to allow new developing ways for the public as well as the port uses."
Urban Growth NSW
reveals that the 72.5% of the population in Prymont are employed whilst 35.4% are full time professionals. Gender ratio are at 49.1% female to 50.9% male with a median age of 32. The relevance and important of this information would be in determining the target users for the propose program and waterfront master plan.
Source : Australian Bureau of Statistics
5.3 Climate & Topography
T he site is irregular in shape and has an area of approximately 44,000m^2, inclusive of an approximate 310m linear habour frontage and 267m frontage towards bank st and a slop in a south west direction with an average fall of 3.2m towards the bay.
Being situated along the significant harbour foreshore area, the site is located on the northeastern foreshores of Blackwattle Bay and have several climatic and solar advatages. Windrose
Meteorology Australia indicates that the site has prevailing sea breeze from the Northwest up to 20km/hr. Given the high visual value overlooking the bay, the site also possess an ideal solar conditions.
5.4 Green Spaces
T he hierarchy of scale and function of
green spaces around Sydney forms a rhythm, where green spaces are more prominent along water edges. In which reveals the relationship between
influences the perception of the urban fabric in terms of public and private spaces.
5.5 Urban Elements
Figure Ground Diagram
Urban Block Diagram
By reading elements of the site individually, spatial and pattern relationship with one and other become evident, which could be key principles to be further explore :
Sequence of Urban Fabric
5.5 Existing Land Use
T he site is surrounded by a variety of mixed land use, such as residential, commercial, light industry, heavy industry, public recreation and educational facilities. Key land use that needed to be taken into consideration into the design project : -
- Hymix concrete plant - Disused coal loader - Major arterial paths - Sydney Secondary College - Apartment blocks in Miller St, Jones St, Bulwurra Avenue and Wattle Crecent.
Mixed use Industrial Commercial Building Typologies
Green Pocket Residential Education
he surround land of the site is
leased from the State Government under a 50 year lease to Sydney Fish Market Pty Ltd, shareholders which includes a consortium of merchants and tenants who runs businesses at the market as well as commercial fishers who supply the market.
Waterways Authority Hendrikus Jelis Holster Crown Land Minister for Education & Training Existing Land Use
5.6 Planning Framework
T he site is zoned into part ResidentialBusiness and part Public Recreation and is identified as a Master Plan site under SREP 26. It is aimed to create a mixed use environment
Specific guidelines that is relevant towards the design process.
To promote wide range of usage such as business and office development.
that maximises the waterfront quality and public
To provide employment opportunities & facilities & services that enable prople to live and work under a same community.
To establish a public recreation area that serve the needs of the residents
To continue the operation of Wentworth Park as a major public open space & recreational facility.
and workers within pyrmont and adjoining suburbs.
Pedestrian foreshore walks & promenade are to be min 6m & of average of 10m.
Max carpark rate of 1/150m^2 GFA for commercial use.
Building heighlimits to respect landforms and maintain view sharing towards the harbour
Potential corner that engages visual connection from a distance
Public Recreation Zone (SREP26) Building Height Limits (SREP26) Activity Strip (SREP26) Potential Site Corner
5.7 Site Connections
T he location of the site serves as a
'point' in between two bays is a significant advantage that allows visual connection to and from the ANZAC Bridge. A strong opportunity exist to maintain and enhance views as well as create new view corridors along the foreshore promenande surrounding the bay. On top of that, the park serves as a transition element between as an open park land setting and adjoining water front development areas. However, certain elements such as the coal loader and cement factory are imposing disconnection between the open park land and water frontage
Views from Site
Views through Site
towards Sydney CBD, the site surrounded by major arterial roads that naturally forms the boundary around the fish market. Pyrmont Bridge Road to the east, Jones St to the north east and the overhead lanes of the Western Distributor and Bank St. It is also within easy walking distance of residential properties as well as to transportation networks, entertainment facilities and more.
In conjunction with the future urban growth NSW bay precinct plan for blackwallte bay, a ferry transit would provide an additional means of public transport in and out of the bay. It is also noted that there are lack of cycling routes despite locals cycles on pedestrian pavement.
Fish Market's vehicle movements are a threat to the public, from auction hall , wholesaling, processing and distribution. By understanding the activities and movement within the current fish market is crucial towards the design project.
Here, it is shown that the current market has poor functional qualities of site arrangements, particularly the lack of segregation between public and private circulation. The conflict between
operation efficiency, it also creates potential issues towards public safety. Fish Market Vehicle Movements Trucks Hand Barrow Forklift
Whole Sale Outlet
T he general issue of odour is based
High level of noise are generated from cement
on poor water quality of Blackwattle Bay caused
factory, road traffic from ANZAC Bridge and Bank
by the industrial nature of the surrounding land
St, as well as operation from the Fish Market.
use. For example, water runoffs from Sydney
Although noise pollution from the cement factory
Fish Market, Oil spills as well as Fish Waste from
is kept into accordance with its EPA license.
both consumers and producers flows into the
Trucks circulating to and from the site is the
bay due to the slope of the site. On top of that,
caused of the noise and dust pollutions within
the lack of waste segregation between waste
storage and customer areas attracts unwanted visitors around the site, which cause hygienic and safety issue.
reports base on RTA,
residual soils are found to be shallow over the land. The site contains a mixture of 'Gymea' and 'Disturbed Terrain'. The formation of Disturbed Terrain is created by the placing of artificial fill over swamps and shores, comprise of sand, mud, ruble, industrial and household waste.
This information is relevant towards the design project as the site is subjected to acid sulphate soild conditions, careful selection of materials and built form must take into account during the design process.
Soil Condition Cymea (gy) Blacktown (bt) Disturb Terrain Acid Sulphate Soils
5.11 Disconnections & Disfunctions
Disconnected south elevation towards a prime frontage
between the dialog of land & water
Cement Factory that defines the scale urban transition towards the waterfront
Rail light that forms a physical disconnection between the open park land
5.12 Edge Conditions
T he most significant value of the
site would be its prime location towards the water edges of Blackwattle bay that could promote a range of activities along the foreshore. However, advantages could
Issues Such As : -
Lack of Human Scale ( Urban Transition )
only be fully utilized by understanding the physical conditions of the existing water edges surrounding the bay through a series of study sketches.
Therefore, the master plan proposal should
Dialog Between Land & Water
seek to address the lack of formal relationship between the land and water apart from drawing inspiration from precedent.
Water Mobility & Accessibility
A Imposing Structural
Elements Along StreetScape
Hymix Concrete Factory
Sydney Fish Market
Glebel Rowing Club
Sydney Secondary College
5.13 S.W.O.T Analysis
Well connected that is surrounded by aterial roads.
Physical barriers that disconnects the waterfront & open park land
High Pedestrian Movement
Weak Soil Propoerties due to land reclamation
High Visual Value towards the Habour
Lack of Formal Relationship between Land & Water
Existing Tourist Attraction Area Poor Operation Management of Fish Market
Visual value surrounding the site, ANZAC bridge, city skyline , wetworth park etc.
Soil Condition and stability Water Runoffs polluting the bay
In collaboration with NSW Urban Growth Development Exploration between the relationship between land & water, history and community
Polluted Foreshow Negative influences of Concrete Factory
PRE cedence study
Chicago Navy Pier Proposal | BIG AECOM
Fish Market in Bergen | Eder Biesel Arkitekter
West Louisville Food Production Port | OMA
6.1 Precedence - Urban Response
Fish Market Norway
Eder Biesel Arkitekter A contemporary fish market caters to locals of Bergen, that provide levels of convenience and hygiene within the local historical context. The idea of providing a climatizing protection for market place that diminish the limits between market place and market hall.
Its triangular form is achived by maintaining the essential urban experience of the historical bay, moderate height is maintain in order to provide a transition in urban scale. The building's ground floor plan is also determined by the connection and segregation of the urban fabric. On top of that, views and connectivity is provided via a glass transparent facade on the ground floor.
As for space configuration, a tourist information is located above the market hall to provide a public space with panorama view surrounding the site. A 3 floor storage space is also provided to cater local vendors needs such as storage space, freezer, ice and so on.
Circulation & Movement
Physical & Visual Reference
Public & Private Configuration
Urban Scale & Tectonic Connectivity
6.2 Precedence - Spatial Organisation
West Louisville Food Port OMA A mixed-use project that consolidate several facilities such as growing, marketing and distribution of food for the community farmers. The building is retrofitted from a former tobacco plant into a "active economical, community hub" that seeks to shape a new model between consumer and producer. The form takes on an active role in portarying the complex urban relationship as well as the relationship between architecture and food.
In order to define a new model for how the relationship between consumer and producer and
inefficiencies within the local food industry. Addtional spaces apart from traditional food hub is also provided to serve within the food chain such as from farming, processing, community kicthen, retail and recycling.
Response to Urban Fabric
Public & Private
Spatial Organisation vs Context
6.3 Precedence - Master Planning
BIG & AECOM This is a collaborative effort by 2 architectural firms in renovating and reactivate Chicago's landmark. Navy Pier is situated along the largest destination in Illinois but in recent years, popularity started to dimish amongst the community due to congested experience that cuts of the relationship between the city and harbour.
By maximizing the opportunity through a holistic approach, the proposed project seeks to be a vibrant destination with new amenities and progressive statement to the city.
The transition of pedestrian from city to habour was through a sequence of experiences :
1. Gateway Park - connection through interventions
2. Crystal Garden - Varies kinds of public plazas
3. Pier Park - Grandstairs that reconnections senses
4. East End Park - Meeting point of water & horizon
5. South Dock - A collective area for expanded programs
Transition Between City & Habour
Physical & Visual Connection
Public Plaza as Transition Element
Flexibility of Space
6.4 Precedence - Market Typology
Barceloneta Market MiAS Arquitectes This is a market project that meat to change the neighborhood in an interesting manner. Rather than a fun and discovery concept, it is a survey of place in order to reveal the qualities and functionality of the project. The market as reimagined as an element of social cohesion in the neighborhood, not only as a landmark instead being humble and visible only to its inhabitants.
This project was chosen due to its typology as well as its similarity in size of 5200sqm. Functional spaces and plannings were drawn upon to aid the formation of conceptual brief and spatial relationships.
Services | Amenities
Spatial requirement was also extrapolated in order to help determine a minimal functional brief and dimensions.
(1) Market - 46 % (2) Multifunction Space - 19.2 % (3) Restaurant - 17 % (4) Cafe | Bar - 2.5 % (5) Services - 7 % (6) Circulation - 7.6 %
6.4 Precedence - Education Typology
HDR Architecture This building represents the change in the world of culinary art located Omaha, NE, USA. It is an educational building that creates a food inspired environment through its double story culinary school; the application of transparent facade on the south that greets visitos with a welcoming glow as well as encourages a two way dialogue between students and passersby.
This project was chosen due to its typology as an education facility for food. Functional spaces and plannings were drawn upon to aid the formation of conceptual brief and spatial relationships.
// Relationship and interchange takes place as two determining elements for innovation.
Spatial requirement and planning to promote
(1) Demonstration Lab
transparency was also extrapolated in order to
A theatre style classroom with tiered seating with
help determine a minimal functional brief and
a full kitchen setup mainly for teaching, cooking
lectures as well as cooking demonstrations.
(1) Kitchen - 10 %
(2) Student Bistro
(2) Bistro - 6 %
A modern and casual dining space that is open
(3) Bakery - 7.5 %
to the public.
(4) Storage - 6 %
(5) Ingredient Room - 3 %
(3) Production Kitchen
(6) Theory Lab - 12 %
The production kitchen is attached to the bistro
(7) Student Resource - 11%
and acts as the heart of the facility. High end restaurant kicthen space lets students put their knowledge to the test by preparing food for the Bistro.
(4) Theory Labs As the main teaching tool used for demonstrating and applying cooking techniques. A classroom with abundant of learning facilities connected by a breakout space for discussions
6.4 Precedence - Education Typology
Culinary Art School Gracia Studio A cooking educational facility that is placed in two volumes where by it is connected with a grand plaza that acts as a transition space. The idea of absolute transparency was carried out between the volumes, plaza as well as other workshops simultaneously through glass facade and space planning. A simple yet functional design that solves functionality and aesthetics that translate into innovative architecture.
Workshop Auditorium Wine Cell Library
// Absolute transparency between volumes, plaza and other workshop, always in between, inside and out simultaneously
This project was chosen due to its typology as an education facility for food. On top of that, the idea of transparency between students and passerby is important to promote a dialog of understanding to create a functional education facility. Spatial requirement and planning to promote transparency was also extrapolated in order to help determine a minimal functional brief and dimensions.
(1) Workshop - 30 % (2) Auditorium - 6.6 % (3) Wine Celler - 6.6 % (4) Library - 6.5 % (5) Plaza - 38 % (6) Service & Storage - 5 %
The Project will re-imagine the 21st Century Urban Fish Market in the Context of Sydney's Future Food Security through a Focus on Sustainable Food Production System.
Com m uni t y
Events , Communial Participation
T he influcences of urban food system
Building on the aforementioned basis of the
Key programs such as fish auction centre,
has demonstrated its correlation with global
relationship between food security and food
visitors centre, aquaponics program, that plays
food security by having access to sufficient,
system, the proposed project is a holistic
a crucial role providing employment, educational
safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary
approach to the issues of food security in
and receational opportunities in the argicultural
needs. Given the efforts demonstrated by
Sydney. This is achieved by adaptively transform
sector. On top of that, the program serves as
organisation in combating food security, the
the current typology of Sydney's Fish Market as
a plaform in shaping a new model between
issues lies within the fundamentals of the food
a major seafood system that includes a wide
local consumer and producer as an active
system that is still evidently overwhelming due
range of integrated community support service
economical, community hub, to be a world class
to rapid urbanisation and changing lifestyles of
under one roof.
district envisioned by the NSW Urban Growth
The traditional Fish Auction in cooperated with modern adaptation would continue to strife as a major seafood system in Australia and gain global recognition as a world class fish market.
An initiative to introduce the idea of urban argiculture that farms certain fish and vegetables to aid the supply within the food system. An alternative towards water & land scarcity in traditional farms. Food harvested could generate annual events to engage communial centric programs and promote dialog between
producer and consumer.
Provide a larger excess points and convenience for local community to obtain fresh. quality seafood. Increase the food variety offer apart from seafood, such as vegetables from the aquaponic to rise awareness in innovative and sustainable farming.
A safer and hygienic alternative for occupants could experience the process of the auction tour to promote the importance of seafood across the spectrum. Food harvested from the aquaponics could be used here to conduct educational activities such as cooking classes
and nutrition classes.
Objectives | Vision
The Bay Precinct Transformation Plan -
Fish Market as
Benchmark for Fish Market.
- A unique landmark that creates a platform for producer and consumer to communicate.
- To improve on operations & functions of current fish market.
Auction Centre - To allow engagement opportunities with local and producer.
To introduce the idea of sustainable urban
argucilture and serve as a long term solution for increase food supply demands.
- To activate the dialog between argiculture and community, land and water.
- To create a communial centric program generator that forms a culturally rich and vibrant
- To allow engagement opportunities with local community.
- To provide additional excess points for fresh, quality and nutritious food supply.
- To encourage a varies of healthy sustainable food.
- To provide employment opportunnities in trade, tourism and investment.
Fish Market - To improve existing fish market
- To provide a safer and hygienic alternative to experience auction process.
- To provide educational opportunities.
- To provide a life-long learning about the importance of seafood.
- To provide employment opportunnities.
Education Centre - To allow engagement opportunities with local and producer.
C oncept M aster P lan
Upon the aforementioned program of innovative
Identified Estuary are as :-
sustainable food production, the relationship between land and water inlet such as The Bay Precinct was further researched in depth.
An inlet is basically a water-way that separates two barrier islands and connects the ocean to the bay. (Seminack, 2012) These inlets formation are important for certain marine ecosystem such as oyster for their rich nutrients of plankton and bacteria.
These inlets formation are also known as estuary. Further research led to the understanding of
1 2 3
estuary as a transition zone between the shore, river as well as saltwater that creates a free flow of connection between land and water. Other examples of estuaries are bays, swamps, mangroves, bogs and more. However, 3 were identified relevant towards the scheme.
The intend is to create
// A linear estuary that wraps around the foreshore to create an experience of sustainable food production and reconnecting the habour.
Made by wave action, sand from sea floor that are
in elongated bars parrallel
to the shorelines. A constant reworking of sediments by wave, river etc.
A group and chain of islands that is surrounded by water.
Water circulation that leaves the main flow and rejoins later down stream, for example Darling River, NSW. It creates a temporary shore line for recreational activities along the river.
8.0 Concept Masterplan
progressively built upon the relationship between land and water as discussed over the tutorials
The Estuary is a free flow of connection between land and water inlets. As mention in the previous chapter, 3 main category were used as a driver in pursuing the "big moves" governing the framework of the concept masterplan.
1. Chain of public spaces that activates the site through pocket spaces of aquaponics.
2. A Linear spline circulation that branches out into the pocketspaces and rejoins further down stream.
3. Lagoon as a parallel activity strip that wraps around the bay serves as an important transition between the land and water.
4. Elements that wraps around the foreshore that drives the activities on site.
8.1 Concept Masterplan (Ver 1)
The initial attempt of the master plan concept was to use vector movements as connecting element throughout the site. However, critics are as listed below.
Critics : 1. Vector movements were not govern and related towards the initial research hypothesis and intend.
2. Edges are required in order to create a sucessfull urban public plaza.
3. Provisional Fish Marker was located infront of the Wentworth Park, however, connection between the park and harbour would be further disconnected.
4. Additional flaw of this concept was the intend of removing the iconic cement tower and disused coal loaded. ( Theory of Tabula Rasa, the idea ignored the relationship between history, landscape and community.
8.2 Concept Masterplan (Ver 2)
The 2nd attempt was further strengthen towards the
relationship of "The Estuary"
Critics : 1.
to start responding according to the overall masterplanning concept.
2. The idea of building being a transition element between landscape and architecture became an additional governing framework.
3. Similarly, this concept also removed the iconic cement tower and disused coal loaded. ( Theory of Tabula Rasa, the idea ignored the relationship between history, landscape and community.
instead of just a linear walk way cutting through the park.
8.3 Concept Masterplan (Ver 3)
The 3rd attempt was the almagamation between version 1 and version 2. Elements that were benificial were carried over.Addtional framework such as water sensitive urban design was included as a supplementary function apart from aquaponics food production.
Critics : 1.
to start responding according to the overall masterplanning concept.
2. The linear explande cutting across Wentworth Park was questioned with an odd angle to connect the inner and outer park.
3. Existing cement factory and disused coal loader were retain to form visual landmarks and research proven that heritage items are benificial towards public spaces.
8.4 Concept Masterplan (Ver 4)
The Ver4 Concept Master Plan is resulted from the amendments and injecting personal architectural voice into version 3.
1. Existing Greenaries and structure starts to form a structural edge in the overall planning.
2. Directional plannars were used to help create a sense of dynamic movement inbetween pockets of spaces.
3. The form then starts to question its layering of spaces along the Z-axis, creating ramps in and out the bay; up and down the landscape. Blurring boudaries in between elements.
4. Path ways were distorted to create a sense of perspective, drawing people into the bay precinct as well as flow out of the area.
Master Plan scale 1:2000 @ A3
pedestrians are able to further experience and explore the site through different levels indirectly.
8.5 Final Concept Masterplan
// The under utlised lightrail structure as an structural edge for temporary markets. The program serves as an anchor to drive connections between inner and outer park, as well as the community from different districts.
8.5 Final Concept Masterplan
The Final Concept Master Plan is the result from amendments from submission 2's feedback.
1. Ferry Terminal was relocated with proper amenities.
2. Further improvements has been made to strengthen the public domain and waterfront edge with public spaces as well as retails.
1. Sydney Fish Market 2. Public Bath 3. New Lightrail Structure + Temporary Markets 4. Civic + Waste Management
Concept Master Plan scale 1:200 @ A3
towards a sucessfull public domain. Hence, the abandon coal loader is retrofited into a n aquaponics retail shed to grow and provide fresh food.
SECTION A-A scale 1:500 @ A2
SECTION B-B scale 1:500 @ A2
SECTION C-C scale 1:500 @ A2
1. Connecting the Forshore
2. Extending The Park
3. Returning the Water's Edge
- Continue the waterfront promenade
Pedestrianised a portion of Bridge Rd to
Allocating new water pockets as a natural
reconnect the disconnected park towards the
filtration throughout the site base on
5. Urban Grid
6. Urban Green
Lagoon reinteprated as activity strips as water/
Main access points were identified to
Bring in the greens as a tectonic feature to
park activation throughout the masterplan.
reconnect with the larger urban fabric.
further strengthen its relationship between site & occupants ; site & urban fabric.
Archipelago - Pockets of Public Space
Transport | Service
Linear Spline Circulation
B uilding proposition
9.1 Building Proposition
F ood security is an emerging global
The proposal seeks to re-imagine the 21st
issue that is defines as the physical and
century urban fish market in the context of
economical access to food to meet the dietary
Sydneyâ€™s future food security through a focus
needs of the increasing population. The current
on sustainable food agriculture, at the same
model of providing adequate and nutritious
time serving as a hub between producers and
food is hindered by the pluralistic food culture
consumers. Through exploration of an estuary,
created by the convenience if fast food, severing
the masterplan seeks to improve the connectivity
the connection between consumers with food
between Wentworth Park and Blackwattle Bay
production. This ideological separation not only
through a chain of linear, communal activities
will cause malnutrition among the urban dwellers
including as public bath, aquaponic pockets
but also affecting the sustainable economic and
and a market square. Located on the existing
environment development of the city.
fish market site, the intervention possesses a sinuous linear form in response to the urban fabric, creating an estuary of activities along the foreshore. The idea this sinuous form serves as a transition element between the urban fabric of Prymount and blackwattle bay.
Old Fish Market Typology
The Urban Estuary proposes a new
model whereby sustainable food cultivation is celebrated throughout the building, providing accessibility to fresh and nutritious food. This hub serves as a platform to introduce and
21st Century Fish Market Typology
promote the knowledge of aquaponic food production within an urban setting. Key functions include a public managed aquaponic market, interactive workshop, wholesale market, retails, and demonstration kitchen as well as exhibition spaces framed around the fresh and nutritious food production. The proposal seeks to not only provide access to fresh nutritious food but also serves as an interactive public landmark that promote and practices sustainable food cultivation in Sydney.
A Hub for Prodecers & Consumers
9.2 Area of Schedule
The area of schedule is formed base on percentage
precedences as well as the 2005 Sydney's Fish Market Masterplan Proposal as a base requirement.
(Left) Apart from the linearity in form and site response. The manipulation of floor element start to occur to create a sense of linearity to allow occupants to 'filter' through spaces within.
(Below) Working models that explored the relationship between the linearity of form and physical site response such as circulation and views etc.
Design Development ( ver 1 )
As an iteration of the linearity and site
response of concept model. This model explored the possibility of having a program-service core that work as a linear design element. Structural Grid of 8000mm x 8000mm was utilised to aid spatial configuration.
Critics | Feedback:-
1. Spatial planning requires more work and research to create an interesting environment.
2. Key spaces such as wholesale market and aquaponic area requires a more indepth research on spatial organisation. M&E ROOM
3. Manipulation of floor element needs to be
STORAGE SFM OFFICE
more prominent throughout the building to create visual interest between spaces. AQUAPONICS OUTDOOR SEATING AREA
DROPOFF WHOLESALE 3
WHOLESALE 2 WHOLESALE 1
Design Development ( ver 2 )
This model explored the possibility
having multiple ramps creating accessibility and visual connection between spaces. Voids were also utilised around keyspaces to promote an active learning environment. Spaces such as (chinese, japanese, western)cultural retail were individually planned based on research to create a vibrate program of a 21st century Market Hub.
Initial facade ideas were explored. A robust corten steel clad Rc service strip, responded towards the freeway to create a visual interest SFM OFFICE
towards pyrmount, while being a background of the west facade; inforcing the linearity of floor slabs.
Critics | Feedback:-
KITCHEN DINNING AREA
1. The addition of aquaponic feature needs to
be celebrated as a part of a design langguage. THEORY CLASS DEMONSTRATION CLASS
2. Columns should be encapsulated to form partial walls with the aquaponics to create a sense of transition from solid to planner and then point.
Design Development ( ver 3 )
As an iteration of the previous design.
This model explored the possibility having multiple ramps creating accessibility and visual connection between spaces. Voids were also utilised around keyspaces to promote an active learning environment. Spaces such as (chinese, japanese, western)cultural retail were individually planned based on research to create a vibrate program of a 21st century Market Hub. BLACKWATTLE BAY
Initial facade ideas were explored. A robust corten steel clad Rc service strip, responded M&E ROOM
towards the freeway to create a visual interest
towards pyrmount, while being a background of STORAGE
the west facade; inforcing the linearity of floor
URBAN MARKET PLAZA
Critics | Feedback:AQUAPONIC WORKSHOP
1. The addition of aquaponic feature needs to be celebrated as a part of a design langguage.
ICE ROOM WHOLESALE
2. Columns should be encapsulated to form partial walls with the aquaponics to create a WATER RECREATIONAL PLAYGROUND
sense of transition from solid to planner and then point.
LOADING BAY WHOLESALE
Structural Exploration ( Ver 1 )
language of linearity, the sinuous linear form serves as an transition element in between
8000mm Eq Pier Column
pyrmount and blackwattle bay. Timber structure was chosen not only for its softness in contrast against the robust RC concrete service strip. On top of that, the pier coloumn creates an interest domain that delineates the interior and exterior.
Critics | Feedback:-
1. This system needs improvision as the building language is about the linearity and fluidy.
2. The mono pitched roof has issues regarding practicality and construction method.
Construction Detail Option 2 scale 1:50 @ A1
Structural Exploration ( Ver 2 )
language of linearity, the sinuous linear form
serves as an transition element in between pyrmount and blackwattle bay. Structural Steel
and was chosen not only for its structural capabilities also for its physical apprearance of
lightness . This provides a seemless transition between the interior and waterfront urban market plaza.Structural Grid of 8000mm x 8000mm was introduced during the early stages of design progress to aid in spatial organisation.
Critics | Feedback:M&E ROOM
1. This system needs improvision as the building
STORAGE SFM OFFICE
language is about the linearity and fluidy. Complex streel curtain wall facade is going
AQUAPONICS OUTDOOR SEATING AREA
against the concept. ANCILLARY
2. This version was improved upon resulting in
the final outcome of its structural system.
DROPOFF WHOLESALE 3
WHOLESALE 2 WHOLESALE 1
Construction Detail Option 1 scale 1:50 @ A1
Facade Exploration ( Ver 1 )
The idea of the facade is to create
mirror the interior language of linearity through simple glass and lines creates by the floor slabs, backed with a robust corten steel clad service strip responding towards the freeway.
Critics | Feedback:-
1. Solar heat gain on the western facade requires attention. Full glass curtain wall will result in high energy usage to cool the building during summer.
2. Vertical Lourvers were suggested in response towards the issue.
Design Language of Linearity
Sense of Peeling (Solid-Plane-Point)
Plan to Elevation Relationship
Facade Exploration ( Ver 2 )
As an iteration of version 1, vertical
louvers were introduced to mitigate solar heat gain on west facade. Planels are bolted on the pre-cast beams along the facade, creating visual directions from the interior. Subsequently, panels are divided into 2 sections to create a shadow line in between.
Critics | Feedback:Visual Direction 1. Facade is not specific and
towards the context and program. Reason being, that these lourvers could be replace with any facade system.
2. Vertical fins only allows a certain degree of visual permeability. This would sever the connection between the waterfront urban plaza from the interior spaces.
Facade Exploration ( Ver 3 )
subsequent iteration to enforce the sense of linearity and fluidy. The facade was considered at 3 scales (1) view from public market plaza, (2) Permeability of interior spaces and (3) Spatial quality of interior spaces.
Thickness and placement of horizontal strips were manipulated in response towards the human scale to ensure permeability. The strip then takes form of the converging element of the design language to opening up in response to the interior spaces.
Plan to Elevation Relationship
200mm Strips Option
400mm Strips Option
200mm Alternating Strips in response to interior space
Front Elevation Facade Option 3
T he urban estuary
Urban Estuary proposes a new
model whereby sustainable food cultivation is celebrated throughout the building, providing accessibility to fresh and nutritious food. This hub serves as a platform to introduce and promote the knowledge of aquaponic food production within an urban setting. Key functions include a public managed aquaponic market, interactive workshop, wholesale market, retails, and demonstration kitchen as well as exhibition spaces framed around the fresh and nutritious food production. The proposal seeks to not only provide access to fresh nutritious food but also serves as an interactive public landmark that promote and practices sustainable food cultivation in Sydney.
Linear Spine Circulation
Dual Functioned Service Strip
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
183 Urban Market Plaza Whole sale Market Aquaponics Market Aquaponics Workshop Child workshop Auction Hall Loading Bay 1 Loading Bay 2
6 4 5 7 3
Ground Floor Plan 1:500 @ A1
184 9. Retail Area 10. Theory Lab 11. Demonstration Kitchen 12. Student Bistro 13. SFM Office
12 11 10
First Floor Plan 1:500 @ A1
13. 14. 15. 16. 17.
185 Exhbition Space Research Lab Retail Bar Multipurpose Hall Administration Office
17 16 15
Second Floor Plan 1:500 @ A1
A continuos journey of experience in food production. From the Auction and Aquaponics, fresh
Next, the retails and demonstration kitchen on the first floor is where physical hands on food preparation and consumption. Lastly, ending the experience on the second floor with an holistic view of sustainable food production and retail bar for leisure.
Exhbition Area Second Level
Section A-A 1:250 @ A1
The idea of the facade is to create
Hence, Ver 2 utilised the langguage of linearity
mirror the interior langguage of linearity through
and site context to minimise heat gain while
simple glass and lines creates by the floor slabs,
strips merges at specific location to reveal the
backed with a robust corten steel clad service
internal activity towards the public domain;
strip responding towards the freeway.
creating visual intrest from afar.
Vertical louvers were introduced to mitigate solar heat gain on west facade (Ver1). However, the facade wasn't specific and towards the context and program.
Rear Elevation 1:250 @ A1
Front Elevation 1:250 @ A1
The exploration between land and
water is carried on from the masterplan at an micro level.
Layers of activities creates the
experience to and from the building. Upon arrival, water playground and a water featured pavilion serves as an point of interest towards the public domain; subsequently 'flowing' into the building .
The experience of land and water is also present within the building. Celebration of promenient elements such as, aquaponics feature and large display tanks at the wholesale area.
Physical and visual connection to provoke active and social learning environment as occpuants 'filter' through the journey.
Base on research, vertical aquaponics
has additional advantage in terms of practicality and productivity. Capitalizing on its modularity and customisation, whereby, aquaponic walls are celebrated throughout the building as a feature.
Here, occupants are able to learn and exchange knowledge of aquaponics at the workshop. Being managed by the public, crops harvested from these wall are then sold at the aquaponics wholesale market or cooked at the retail level for consumption. Providing an additional access to fresh and nutritious food source.
Spatial relationship between spaces
were explored base on precedent studies and neufort's architectural data handbook.
Each cultural space (Japanese , Chinese , Western) were individually design based on their needs and requirement. Placement of equipments defer from kitchen to kitchen for example, japanese kitchen requires a back preparation room as the food are made to order while european kitchen has a direct and linear layout called "hot meal kitchen".
Occupants are able to have first hand experience in learning different cultural preparation of seafood at the demonstration kitchen. The knowledge is then applicable in real world situation at the student bistro, allowing the occupants to serve the public.
Short Term Storage
The manipulation of floor planes that concurrently promotes the linearity in circulation, whereby together with the celebration of aquaponics reates active and social learning environment around the interstitial space.
The constrain of height limit within the
planning framework as opportunity. Service strip not only acts as a structural feature but also serves as an buffer compartment between the promenade and dense traffic movement of the freeway.
Skylight along the strip of movement filtering direct sunlight into the space. Creating a sense of movement for the occupants as well as providing sunlight for the aquaponics.
Advantage of an aquaponic system is a closed loop ecosystem that constantly filtering grey water. Hence, run offs from auction hall will be filter through and back into the bay.
Rain + Greywater Harvest
Trees As Natural Buffer
Skylight - Passive Design
langguage of linearity, the sinuous linear form serves as an transition element in between pyrmount and blackwattle bay. The robust RC service strip starts "peeling" as it progress towards
capitalzing the waterfront promenade and view.
Upon structural consultantion, it was suggested that spacing between the CRS to increase from 8000mm grid to 12000mm grid due to the structural capabilities of Steel. Subsequently, it is adviced to have a RC service core with a min
12000mm Eq 300mm(D) CHS
thicknest of 240mm. 450mm thk RC
Skylight & Rc Detail
Corten Steel Clad Detail
(Below) Section A-A shows the relationship of the built form in relation to its surrounding urban fabric.
Section A-A 1 : 250 @ A1
Construction Section A-A 1 : 50 @ A1
Corten Steel Clad
Presentation Models 1 : 500 Concept & Site Model
1 : 50 Detail Sectional Model
1 : 500 Concept & Site Model
1 : 50 Detail Sectional Model
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