Page 1


Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC

Treasure and World Coin Auction #16 LIVE FLOOR AND INTERNET AUCTION

Wednesday, November 5, 2014 Lot viewing and guest speakers

Thursday, November 6, 2014 Session I: 10:00 am est Session II: 12:30 pm est Session III: 2:30 pm est Session IV: 5:45 pm est Session V: 8:45 pm est Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC

P.O. Box 1964 Winter Park, FL 32790 U.S.A. (407) 975-3325 • Fax (407) 975-3327 www.SedwickCoins.com

Bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com Auction and catalog production by Daniel Sedwick, Augi García-Barneche, Cori Sedwick Downing and Michelle B. Heidt Daniel Frank Sedwick, licensed Florida auctioneer #AU3635, AB2592

© All images and text are copyright of Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC, 2014. All rights reserved.

1


TERMS AND CONDITIONS By participating in this auction, you (hereafter referred to as the “Bidder”) are entering into a binding contract with Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC (“Auctioneer”) and agree to the following Terms and Conditions: 1)

2) 3)

4)

5) 6)

7)

Each lot will be sold to the highest Bidder unless the reserve or starting price is not met. Bids may be submitted in person or by mail, telephone, fax, email, or live on the Internet until each lot is closed during the live session. All nonlive bids must be received before the auction session begins. The Auctioneer or any of its employees individually cannot be responsible for errors in bidding or the loss or delay of any bids that do not reach us by the closing date and time, or for any technical glitches that prevent internet bids from being executed. All bidders must be registered before their bids will be entered. All bids are in U.S. dollars. Winning bids will be reduced automatically by the iCollector platform to the next increment above the second-highest bid. In the case of tie bids, the earliest bidder will win the lot. Bidders are advised to provide allowable percentage increases to avoid losing lots due to a tie. A winning bid is contract between the winning Bidder (hereafter referred to as the “Buyer”) and the Consignor. The Buyer, even if acting as an agent for someone else, agrees to purchase the lot(s) he has won and to pay the Buyer’s Premium and any shipping costs, sales tax, bank-wire fees, customs duties, or other surcharges involved in delivering the lot(s) to the Buyer. Certain lots (particularly artifacts) may require special packaging and handling, for which a surcharge will be levied (also note shipping calculations will delay invoicing). In some special cases delivery may be arranged directly between the Consignor and the Buyer, at the buyer’s cost. At no time shall the Buyer have any legal recourse against the Consignor for any reason. Buyers will be notified as soon as possible after the sale with an invoice reflecting the total amount due and shall remit payment within two weeks of notification or within one month of the date of the first session of the auction, whichever is sooner. Buyers who do not receive notification for whatever reason are NOT released from their obligation to pay on time. If payment has not been received within these terms, the Auctioneer reserves the right to sell the lot(s) to any under-bidders for their lower bid amounts. Title to each lot does not pass until the item has been paid in full. Any late payments (one month past invoice date) will be assessed an accrued interest charge of 2% per month. Lot pickup will be available after the auction (not during). Any lots not picked up in person (unless other arrangements are made) will be sent to Buyers via U.S. Mail when the invoice has been paid in full. All domestic shipments will carry full insurance, but foreign shipments are made at the Buyer’s risk (insurance available in some cases). Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC is responsible for loss or damage to lots only up until they are received at the address to which they are sent; any transshipment from there is the buyer’s responsibility alone. Generally, lots will be shipped in the order in which they are paid. A Buyer’s Premium of 19.5% will be added to the winning bid for the total purchase price before any applicable tax or surcharges. Buyers who pay by cash, check, money order, wire transfer or direct deposit are eligible for a reduction of the Buyer’s Premium by 2% (net 17.5%). Acceptable forms of payment are cash, check, money order, wire transfer, direct deposit, PayPal, Visa/MC, American Express and Discover. All payments by check or money order should be made payable to Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC. Payments by PayPal (to auction@sedwickcoins.com) are limited to $2,500 per auction per buyer. All payments shall be in U.S. dollars drawn on a U.S. bank. Please contact us for instructions for wire-transfer payments, for which bank charges may be necessarily added to the amount to be paid, generally depending on the country from which the wire originates. New bidders who do not have established credit with us must supply commercial references in the numismatic field and/or a 25% deposit. Credit cards are acceptable in lieu of a deposit. If your bids are unsuccessful, your deposit will be refunded, but if you are a winning bidder, your deposit will be applied to your purchase unless other arrangements are made. Any bidders with an overdue balance with Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC must complete payment of their previous balance before their bids will be accepted.

2


8)

9) 10)

11)

12)

13)

14)

15)

You may opt for “either/or” and/or “total budget” bids on your bid sheet. “Either/or” bids are used when you want just one (or whatever number you specify) of two or more lots but it does not matter which of those lots you get. “Total budget” bids are used when you are bidding on more lots than you expect to win and do not wish to spend more than a specified amount. Both options are subject to a minimum of $5,000 total in bids and “either/or” bids are additionally subject to a minimum of $100 per lot (below that, bidders should bid live on the Internet instead). These options are not available for bids submitted via iCollector (either live or by proxy). Most lots are unreserved, but some lots do have a reserve or minimum bid assigned by the consignor. Any reserve will generally be at or below the stated low estimate and starting price. All estimates are given in U.S. dollars. As an active dealer, Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC is able to estimate a reasonably low wholesale level for each lot and reserves the right to reject any bids below this level (generally at least 70% of low estimate). Furthermore we reserve the right to reject any bids that we have reason to believe are not submitted in good faith. Starting bids are provided on iCollector when the auction is published, and bids below those starting bids cannot be entered. Prices realized do not necessarily reflect accurate market values so much as what the high bidder is willing to pay based on his own needs. All items are guaranteed genuine and as described. Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC does NOT guarantee that any lots can be successfully encapsulated. Auctions are NOT approval sales, and therefore returns will NOT be accepted UNLESS there was an error in the listing. Note that grading and estimation of corrosion are subjective and differences of opinion cannot be considered errors. Lots encapsulated by PCGS, NGC or any other third-party company may not be returned for any reason. Disputes as to authenticity shall be resolved by submission to PCGS or NGC, and if their determination is inconclusive, then the opinion of Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC shall stand. Any disputes, including proposed returns, must be brought to our attention no later than 2 days after receipt of the lot(s) by the Buyer and BEFORE return shipment to us, with any applicable refunds to be made immediately upon receipt of the returned item(s) by us. All returns must be received by us in unaltered condition and in their original, unopened, sealed flips no later than one month after the date of the first auction session (note that late remittance, therefore, can negate return privileges). Any refunds for returns paid for by credit card will be subject to a 3% return fee. In the event of loss or damage, Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC’s liability shall be limited to the hammer price plus buyer’s fee only. NGC or PCGS census data (“finest known,” etc.) are given based on the date of cataloging and are not presumed to be accurate forever. Lots may be inspected at our private office in Winter Park by appointment only during our office hours of Monday through Friday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. High-quality photos of all items are viewable on our website and on iCollector 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. All photographs in the catalog and online are of the actual lots being sold but may not be actual size or to scale. Color and brightness of online photos may vary according to your monitor and video-card specifications. If buyer does not supply a Florida resale certificate, then Florida sales tax will apply as follows: If picked up in person, 6.5% will be added to the total (hammer plus buyer’s fee) for all items that are NOT coins or bullion, and to all non-U.S. coins whose total is less than $500. Same applies to lots shipped to Florida addresses, but the rate (6% to 7.5%) will be according to county of delivery. There is no Florida sales tax on U.S coins or on any lots shipped out of state. All bidders and consignors acknowledge and agree that the Auctioneer (Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC) does NOT guarantee that auctions will be unimpaired, uninterrupted or error-free and accordingly shall not be liable for such eventualities. Any errors in the printed catalog will be rectified on the website and iCollector as they come to our attention, and those corrected listings shall be deemed the binding descriptions at the time of the auction. The Auctioneer in its sole and absolute discretion may accept or decline any bid, remove bids and reopen bidding, withdraw lots, or change lot sequence or bidding increments at any time, even after the winning bid and winning bidder have been announced. Any bidding disputes shall be adjudicated by the Auctioneer, whose decision shall be deemed binding and final. This auction is conducted in accordance with the auction laws of the State of Florida. The licensed auctioneer is Daniel Frank Sedwick, AU#3635, AB#2592. The Auctioneer and Bidder agree that the venue for all claims and disputes shall be the applicable court having jurisdiction in Orange County in the State of Florida, and that the prevailing party shall be entitled to all attorneys’ fees and costs. THE BIDDER AGREES TO WAIVE THE RIGHT TO A JURY TRIAL.

3


4


TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION

LOTS

PAGES

Event Schedule .................................................................................................................. 8 Shipwreck Histories ......................................................................................................... 9-17 SESSION I: 10:00 AM EST Gold Cobs (by mint) .................................................................................1-91 ............... 19-38 World Gold Coins (by country) ................................................................92-198 ........... 39-54 SESSION II: 12:30 PM EST Shipwreck Ingots and Natural Nuggets .....................................................199-215 ......... 55-59 Shipwreck Silver Coins (chronologically by wreck) ...................................216-403 ......... 59-89 SESSION III: 2:30 PM EST Silver cobs of Mexico City, Mexico ............................................................404-472 ......... 91-105 Silver cobs of Lima, Peru ...........................................................................473-519 ......... 105-116 Silver cobs of PotosĂ­, Bolivia ......................................................................520-668 ......... 117-138 Other Silver Cobs (by country) .................................................................669-702 ......... 139-144 SESSION IV: 5:45 PM EST World Silver Coins (by country) ................................................................703-939 ......... 145-184 Tokens, Medals and Military Decorations .................................................940-972 ......... 184-192 SESSION V: 8:45 PM EST Documents (Paper Money, Maps, Engravings, Books and Paintings) ........973-1023 ....... 193-204 Shipwreck Artifacts ....................................................................................1024-1063 ..... 204-215 Non-Wreck Artifacts ..................................................................................1064-1124 ..... 215-231

5


A NOTE ABOUT THE ORDER As the world’s leading purveyors of New World cobs and shipwreck coins, we have always separated and highlighted our cob and shipwreck offerings from the rest of what we sell. We have preserved that arrangement in our auctions as well, with cobs presented in order of establishment of each mint (the rare and unusual mints at the end) and the shipwreck coins, ingots and artifacts presented in chronological order by wreck.

REFERENCES CITED Where possible, in the description for each lot we supply one or more numbers in reference to acknowledged publications in the field. References used in this catalog include the following: CT = Calicó’s Numismática española (2008), formerly by Calicó and Trigo (nine previous editions). KM = Krause-Mishler’s Standard Catalog of World Coins, various editions, including Spain, Portugal and the New World. Restrepo = Restrepo’s Monedas de Colombia, 1619-2006, second edition (2006). S = Sedwick’s The Practical Book of Cobs, fourth edition (2007). Spink = Spink’s (formerly Seaby’s) Coins of England and the United Kingdom, forty-first edition (2006). A list of other, more specialized references used in our catalogs is provided upon request.

COIN GRADING and DESCRIPTIVE TERMS From best to worst, UNC is Uncirculated, AU is Almost Uncirculated, XF is Extra Fine, VF is Very Fine, F is Fine, VG is Very Good, and G is Good, with Fair and Poor below that. (“About” or “A” means the coin is just shy of the indicated grade.  Mint State refers to lustrous, choice UNC coins.) We do not always assign numismatic grades to sea-salvage and land-burial coins, which were usually Uncirculated (or close to it) before the effects of corrosion and/or cleaning. Corrosion is usually assessed, from least to most, as follows: none, minimal, light, moderate, and heavy. Also note that we sometimes use the abbreviations E for escudos and R for reales in the listings for Spanish and Spanish colonial items.

A NOTE ABOUT PHOTOS Coin photos in this catalog are generally shown at actual size, with the exception of large lots, which are often reduced, as are most medals, paper money, artifacts, documents, artwork and media. Photos of coins in the most recent NGC capsules have four white intrusions into the rims of the coins due to a special design meant to enable viewing of the edges of those coins.

We encourage bidders to examine lots in person at our premises in Winter Park, Florida (by appointment only).

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com or watch and bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com 6


TREASURE AND WORLD COIN AUCTION #16

Live Floor and Internet auction, Thursday, November 6, 2014 In this auction we present some of the most amazing numismatic treasures we have ever seen, befitting our second Live Floor sale in Orlando, Florida, and solidifying the event as an annual “must see” occasion for treasure buffs and serious numismatists alike, who will also surely enjoy our latest addition of educational talks by experts in the field during on-site lot viewing Wednesday, November 5. Our auctions continue to grow and improve; the pre-auction estimate for this one speaks volumes: $1.94 million in just 1124 lots! As usual we start off with a barrage of gold cobs, including many 1715-Fleet specimens in all denominations from Mexico, Lima and Bogotá. Since the year 2015 marks the 300th anniversary of the 1715-Fleet disaster, we trust that interest in these gold cobs will be at an all-time high. The World Gold Coins section is dominated by dozens of bust-type 8 escudos from the mints of Bogotá, Popayán, Lima, Potosí and Santiago, all emanating from a new hoard of ca. 1820 found in the Andes region of South America. A standout piece is the finest-known Brazil (Rio) 3200 reis of 1727 (lot 101). In the ingots section we present a sizable collection of natural gold nuggets from the Dominican Republic, plus a beautifully marked silver bar (lot 212) from the Atocha (1622). The Shipwreck Silver Coins section following that contains the usual spectrum of coins from dozens of different wrecks. The silver-cobs sections are where the biggest trophies begin. We are particularly honored to present the Mexican 8 reales of Charles-Joanna (assayer Rincón, struck 1538), one of three examples known of the first 8 reales of the New World (lot 404). Also from Mexico is the ultra-rare 8 reales Royal of Louis I, 1725D (lot 450). In Lima cobs we present a collection of 17 “Star of Lima” coins from the unauthorized issue of 1659-60. The Potosí Cobs section offers many dated shield-type minors, as well as the finest known Rincón ¼ real (lot 597). A smattering of Royals completes the picture, along with many cobs from Guatemala and Spain and the rare mints of Panama and Colombia. Colombia is the feature in World Silver Coins, where we offer a top-quality Bogotá pillar 8 reales 1770VJ (lot 752) and a Bogotá pillar 1 real 1760JV (lot 753), both from the same hoard (with an outline of the hoard’s known history) and a pair of very rare bust 8 reales from the Popayán mint. There is also a very rare Popayán 1 peso of 1863 (lot 786). From the Mexican War of Independence we offer a unique denomination set of Durango 8-4-2-1-1/2 reales (lot 876). Following World Silver Coins is an expanded Medals section that features a very important selection of military decorations from battles in Ecuador and Peru during Bolívar’s fight for Independence in South America. We have also expanded our Paper Money section this time, offering significant selections from Brazil, Colombia, Cuba and Mexico. The Artifacts sections present some fabulous treasures, like a gold and red-coral rosary from the 1715 Fleet (lot 1038), a Dutch bronze cannon from the 1733 Fleet (lot 1043), a gold reliquary locket from the 1733 Fleet (lot 1044) and a long gold “money” chain from a new 1740s wreck off Haiti (lot 1056). As usual this auction has been a joy and privilege to assemble and present, and we look forward to assisting bidders in obtaining their new treasures. So many lots here are once-in-a-lifetime opportunities! We wish everyone the best of luck!

Daniel Sedwick

The Daniel Frank Sedwick, LLC production team: Agustín (Augi) García-Barneche Cori Sedwick Downing

7

Michelle B. Heidt


8


SHIPWRECK (AND HOARD) HISTORIES Throughout this catalog we offer coins, ingots and artifacts from many dozens of different shipwrecks and hoards—”treasure” in the truest sense. So as not to break up the flow of the catalog in the listings, we offer the history behind each wreck here in chronological order. Some lots in the catalog do not have histories here either because we have no further information or what we do know is brief enough to include with the lots. Please feel free to contact us for more information about any of these wrecks or about shipwrecks or treasure in general. Also be sure to check out our new Virtual Shipwreck and Hoard Map on the web at http://www.sedwickcoins.com/map/map.html.

Unidentified ca.-1554 wreck off Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

“Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk ca. 1550 in the northern Caribbean

In 1554 the Spanish fleet coming from Mexico, consisting of four caravels, the San Andrés, the Santa María de Yciar, the San Estéban, and the Espíritu Santo, hit a violent storm and foundered off of what is now Padre Island, Texas, where it is known that all but the first mentioned sank. The one ship that escaped, the San Andrés, did make it to Havana, but just barely, and its treasure had to be offloaded onto other vessels for the journey through the Bahama Channel and up the Straits of Florida and back to Spain. Archival records in Spain indicate that not all of the treasure from the San Andrés made it there, however. In addition to a documented loss off Portugal, there is some evidence that these ships were hit by another storm and lost somewhere in the northern Caribbean, at least one of them hitting the east coast of Florida and being salvaged by the Ais Indians. A few coins found on the east coast of Florida in recent decades, particularly in the vicinity of Cape Canaveral, seem to confirm this. Archival records also indicate that some of the treasure from the San Andrés was brought to and left at Puerto Rico to be retrieved later in the 1550s. The material we are seeing on the market today (coins, ingots and some artifacts like plates with markings) is identical to what was found off Texas, so it MUST have come from the same 1554 shipment originally, and is therefore most likely the part that was offloaded from the San Andrés in Havana. Because the salvagers say the source is somewhere off the Dominican Republic, it may have more to do with the part that was left in Puerto Rico than with the losses in the Bahama Channel.

This wreck was nicknamed for a royal stamping (“Golden Fleece”) on several of the gold “finger” bars (ingots) it yielded. Practically all the coins from this wreck were Mexican Carlos-Juana silver coins (all assayers prior to S), including several rarities, the most important being three specimens of the Rincón “Early Series” 8 reales of 1538, the very first 8 reales ever struck in the New World (the best of which achieved a record in 2006 for the highest amount ever paid at auction for a Spanish colonial coin: $373,750!). To date the finders of the wreck have not identified the wreck or disclosed its exact location, but they affirm it was in international waters in the northern Caribbean. Though it was a relatively small find of a few thousand coins at most, it has been the primary source for Mexican Carlos-Juana coins on the market since the mid-1990s. Perhaps more impressive than the coins from this wreck are the few dozen gold and silver ingots it has yielded, all of which have entered the market exclusively through Daniel Frank Sedwick. The varying purities of these bars are reminiscent of the “tumbaga” bars (see above), although the later gold ingots were been cast in somewhat standard shapes (“fingers”) and sizes. The silver ingots from this wreck, popularly known as “splashes,” were simply poured onto the ground, leaving a round, flat mound of silver that was subsequently stamped with a tax stamp in the form of a crowned C for King Charles I and/ or a fineness in the usual block Roman numerals in parts per 2400, much like the karat system we use today. The gold ingots also show a fineness marking, but no tax stamps or other markings, in parts per 24, with a dot being a quarter karat. Many of the silver and gold ingots from this wreck were cut into two or more parts, presumably to divide into separate accounts.

Santiago, sunk in 1585 on the Bassas da India atoll between Mozambique and Madagascar

This relatively obscure wreck sank on a reef at night due to pilot error, following which the captain and crew absconded with the one useable lifeboat, leaving some 400 or more passengers to perish on the wreck. The Santiago was found again and salvaged in the late 1970s by Ernest Erich Klaar and eventually yielded thousands of silver cobs (marketed in the 1980s) of both Spain and Spanish America (particularly the mints of Seville and Mexico). This shipwreck is also numismatically notable as one of only two wrecks (along with the Atocha of 1622) to have produced the extremely rare cobs of the Panama mint.

Spanish 1554 Fleet sunk off Padre Island, Texas

The 1554 Fleet consisted of four caravels, the San Andrés, the Santa María de Yciar, the San Estéban, and the Espíritu Santo, all but the first of which foundered off what is now Padre Island in a violent storm. There were many survivors, but natives killed nearly all of them. Much of the treasure was salvaged soon afterward by the Spanish. In the 1960s two of the ships were rediscovered and salvaged by an out-of-state company, causing controversy by removing what Texans thought should belong to their state. (The third wreck-site was apparently obliterated by a dredging operation in the late 1940s on what is known as the Mansfield Cut, a manmade inlet.) Texas conducted its own excavations on the two sites in the 1970s. The 1554 Fleet wrecks have yielded almost exclusively Mexican coinage of Carlos-Juana (up to and including assayer S), some of which still washes up on the beaches of Padre Island. Even when found on the beach, these coins are illegal to own in Texas, which has declared them all to be the property of the State, but they do trade freely elsewhere. Uncleaned specimens (mostly beach finds) are distinctively rusty in color and therefore are usually distinguishable from coins from the “Golden Fleece wreck” above.

Unidentified (presumably Spanish) wreck sunk ca. 1590 off the Yucatán peninsula of Mexico

9

Salvaged surreptitiously by Florida divers, this wreck yielded Philip II cobs of Mexico, Lima and Potosí, some in remarkably good condition. Many of this wreck’s coins are recognizable by their jagged, truncated edges (from corrosion) with pristine interior details. Without consideration of that characteristic pattern of corrosion, the coins from this wreck can pass for Atocha (1622) coins, which is how many of them were successfully sold with fraudulent Atocha certificates in the 1990s.


Santa Margarita, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

From the same hurricane-stricken 1622 Fleet as the Atocha (above), the Santa Margarita sank on a reef within sight of the Atocha and was found in 1626 by Spanish salvagers, who recovered only roughly half its treasure. The other half was found by Mel Fisher and company in 1980. Margarita’s treasures were similar to those found on the Atocha, with fewer coins in comparatively worse condition overall (yet not as harshly cleaned afterward). As with Atocha coins, original Fisher certificates are critical to the premium value for these coins, which is on par with Atocha coins. In 2008 divers with the subcontractor company Blue Water Recovery found more gold on the Santa Margarita and also a lead box stuffed full of pearls.

Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

Arguably the most famous of all Spanish galleons salvaged in our time, the Atocha was the almiranta of the 1622 Fleet, which left Havana several weeks late and ran afoul of a hurricane. Eight of the 28-ship fleet were lost, wrecked on the reefs between the Dry Tortugas and the Florida Keys or sunk in deeper water. Five people survived the sinking of the Atocha and were rescued by another vessel, but the wreck itself was scattered after another hurricane hit the site exactly one month later. The Spanish were never able to salvage what was one of the richest galleons ever to sail. The cargo of the Atocha did not see light again until 1971, when the first coins were found by the now-famous salvager Mel Fisher and his divers, who recovered the bulk of the treasure in 1985 and thereby unleashed the largest supply of silver cobs and ingots the market has ever seen. Well over 100,000 shield-type cobs were found in all denominations above the half real, the great majority of them from Potosí, as were also the approximately 1,000 silver ingots (most the size of bread loaves). A handful of gold 1- and 2-escudos cobs were also recovered, mostly from mainland Spanish mints, but also a few from Colombia, officially the first gold coins ever struck in the New World. The Atocha was also the source for most or all of the first silver cobs struck in Colombia, as well as a few early coins from Mexico, Lima, Spain and even Panama. Even more significant were the many gold ingots, jewelry items, emeralds and other artifacts. Because of Mel Fisher’s huge publicity and because much of the treasure was distributed to investors at high ratios compared to their investment amounts, the coins from the Atocha have always sold for much more—anywhere from 2 times to 10 times—than their nonsalvage counterparts, even in the numismatic market. (The “glamour market” in tourist areas elevates these coins to as much as twenty times their base numismatic value!) Individually numbered certificates with photos of each coin are critical to the retention of an Atocha coin’s enhanced value. Accompanying barcode tags with the coins also make it possible to replace lost certificates through a database system at the Fisher operation in Key West. With some exceptions each certificate also specifies the coin’s Grade, from 1 (highest) to 4 (lowest), a highly subjective evaluation of corrosive damage and overall quality. Most Atocha silver coins are also recognizable by their shiny brightness, the result of a somewhat controversial cleaning and polishing process catering more to non-collectors than to serious numismatists.

“Dry Tortugas wreck,” sunk ca. 1622 off the Dry Tortugas, west of Key West, Florida

Presumably a sister-ship to the Atocha and Santa Margarita of the 1622 Fleet (above), the “Dry Tortugas wreck” was discovered in 1989 and reworked in 1991 by Seahawk Deep Ocean Technology. Among the finds were numerous gold bars (but no silver bars) and about 1,200 heavily eroded silver cobs similar in composition to the Atocha finds, all picked from the ocean floor by a robot. Cannons and other artifacts expected on a typical galleon were notably absent. The bulk of the treasure was eventually sold to a store/museum in Key West that later went bankrupt. Years later it all turned up at a bankruptcy auction, where the bulk of the treasure was repurchased by some of the former principals of Seahawk for a new museum.

São José, sunk in 1622 off Mozambique

The São José was the almiranta of a fleet carrying Francisco da Gama (grandson of the famous Vasco da Gama) from Lisbon, Portugal, to his new post as Viceroy in Goa, India, when the ships were attacked at night on July 22 by an Anglo-Dutch fleet off Mozambique. Suffering from disease, the captain and crew of the São José at first tried to ground her but ended up sinking in deeper water, taking many chests of Spanish silver with her. The English and Dutch made off with some of the cargo and 100 prisoners from the São José, with hundreds more people and the bulk of the treasure lost to the sea. In 2003 the salvage company Arqueonautas located the wreck and eventually recovered just over 20,000 silver cobs (all 8 and 4 reales) from Spain, Mexico, and South America.

Campen, sunk in 1627 off the Isle of Wight, England

10

The East Indiaman Campen was part of a seven-ship fleet that encountered a heavy storm off the Isle of Wight in October of 1627. Seeking safety in the Solent north of the island, four of the ships attempted to navigate through the Needles rocks at the island’s westernmost tip and two of them—the Campen and the Vliegende Draecke (“FlyingDragon”)—sank nearby. Soon after, all of the latter ship’s cargo was saved, but only a couple thousand silver coins were recovered from the Campen, leaving about 8,000 coins to be found in our time. Most of these silver coins, recovered by divers beginning in June of 1979, were Dutch “lion” daalders, but they also included a few cobs, which are very rarely seen on the market today.


“Lucayan Beach wreck,” sunk ca. 1628 off Grand Bahama Island

Since the accidental discovery in 1964 of around 10,000 silver cobs dating up to and including 1628 in 10 feet of water just 1,300 yards from the Lucayan Beach Hotel, the mystery of identifying the lost vessel has never been solved. Because of the date, popular opinion associates the wreck with the taking of the Spanish 1628 Fleet in Matanzas Bay, Cuba, by the Dutch pirate and national hero Piet Heyn, who reported losing two of the vessels on the way back to Europe. Three names proposed for the ship(s) by various sellers over the years were the Van Lynden, the Santa Gertrude (or Gertrudis) and the Romario, with scant evidence to support any of the attributions. Spanish archival research suggested a new name, Nuestra Señora de los Remedios, which sank in that general area in 1624. Since dates on the recovered coins extend past 1624, this attribution must be incorrect. A more recent recovery in the 1990s off Lucayan Beach turned up similar material, but no further clues as to the ship’s (or ships’) identity. Practically all of the coins have been Mexican 8 and 4 reales of the assayer-D period, some in quite nice condition and a few with clear dates, which are rare. Expect to pay a modest premium for specimens in white clamshell boxes produced by Spink & Son (London) in the 1960s for a promotion that capped off years of disagreements between the salvagers, their backers and the Bahamian government.

Concepción, sunk in 1641 off the northeast coast of Hispaniola

The Concepción was one of the most significant Spanish wrecks of all time, serving the Spanish with a loss of over 100 tons of silver and gold treasure. The almiranta of a 21-ship fleet, the Concepción was already in poor repair when the Europe-bound fleet encountered a storm in September of 1641, leaving her disabled and navigating under makeshift sails amid disagreement among its pilots about their location. Weeks later, she grounded on a reef in an area now named the Silver Shoals, just east of another shoal known as the Abrojos, which the pilots were trying to avoid. After another storm hit the wrecked ship and the admiral and officers left in the ship’s only longboat, the remaining crew resorted to building rafts from the ship’s timbers. Survivors’ accounts pointed to drowning, starvation and even sharks for the approximately 300 casualties. In the fallout that ensued, none of the survivors could report the wreck’s location with accuracy, so it sat undisturbed until New England’s William Phipps found it in 1687 and brought home tons of silver and some gold, to the delight of his English backers. The Concepción was found again in 1978 by Burt Webber, Jr., whose divers recovered some 60,000 silver cobs, mostly Mexican 8 and 4 reales, and also some Potosí and rare Colombian cobs, including

more from the Cartagena mint than had been found on any other shipwreck. Unlike the Maravillas 15 years later, the Concepción did not yield any gold cobs in our time, and any significant artifacts found were retained by the government of the Dominican Republic who oversaw the salvage. The bulk of the silver cobs found on the Concepción were heavily promoted, even in department stores. The site is still worked from time to time with limited success.

Capitana (Jesús María de la Limpia Concepción), sunk in 1654 off Chanduy, Ecuador

This wreck was the largest loss ever experienced by the Spanish South Seas (Pacific) Fleet, of which the Jesus María de la Limpia Concepción was the capitana (“captain’s ship” or lead vessel) in 1654. Official records reported the loss of 3 million pesos of silver (2,212 ingots, 216 chests of coins, and 22 boxes of wrought silver), augmented to a total of as much as 10 million pesos when contraband and private consignments were taken into account. By comparison, the entire annual silver production in Peru at that time was only about 6-7 million pesos! Obviously overloaded, the Capitana sank technically due to pilot error, which drove the ship onto the reefs south of the peninsula known as Punta Santa Elena, a geographic feature the pilot thought he had cleared. Twenty people died in the disaster. For eight years afterward, Spanish salvagers officially recovered over 3 million pesos of coins and bullion (with probably much more recovered off the record), leaving only an unreachable lower section for divers to find in our time. Ironically, the main salvager of the Capitana in the 1650s and early 1660s was none other than the ship’s silvermaster, Bernardo de Campos, who was responsible for the ship’s being overloaded with contraband in the first place. The wreck was rediscovered in the mid-1990s and salvaged (completely, according to some) in 1997. After a 50-50 split with the Ecuadorian government in 1998, investors sold most of their half of the more than 5,000 coins recovered at auction in 1999. Almost exclusively Potosí 8 and 4 reales, the coins were a healthy mix of countermarked issues of 1649-1652, transitional issues of 1652, and post-transitional pillars-and-waves cobs of 1653-1654, many in excellent condition and expertly conserved. As an interesting footnote, the very coins salvaged from the Capitana by the Spanish in 1654 were lost again on the Maravillas wreck of 1656 (see next), and some of those coins salvaged from the Maravillas were lost again in the wreck of the salvage vessel Madama do Brasil off Gorda Cay (Bahamas) in 1657. Furthering Spain’s woes was the destruction of another treasure fleet in 1657 by English marauders fresh from a victory in the Bay of Cádiz off Santa Cruz on the island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands.

Maravillas, sunk in 1656 off Grand Bahama Island

11

As the almiranta of the homebound Spanish fleet in January of 1656, the Nuestra Señora de las Maravillas was officially filled with over five million pesos of treasure (and probably much more in contraband, as was usually the case). That treasure included much of the silver salvaged from the South Seas Fleet’s Capitana of 1654 that wrecked on Chanduy Reef off Ecuador (see above). The ill-fated treasure sank once again when the Maravillas unexpectedly ran into shallow water and was subsequently rammed by one of the other ships of its fleet, forcing the captain to try to ground the Maravillas on a nearby reef on Little Bahama Bank off Grand Bahama Island. In the ensuing chaos, exacerbated by strong winds, most of the 650 people on board died in the night, and the wreckage scattered. Spanish salvagers soon recovered


almost half a million pesos of treasure, followed by more recoveries over the next several decades, yet with over half of the official cargo still unfound. The first rediscovery of the Maravillas in the twentieth century was by Robert Marx and his company, Seafinders, in 1972, whose finds were featured in an auction by Schulman in New York in 1974. Included among the coins in this sale were some previously unknown Cartagena silver cobs of 1655 and countermarked Potosí coinage of 1649-1651 and 1652 transitionals, in addition to many Mexican silver cobs and a few Bogotá cob 2 escudos. The second big salvage effort on the Maravillas was achieved by Herbert Humphreys and his company, Marex, in the late 1980s and early 1990s, resulting in two big sales by Christie’s (London) in 1992 and 1993, which featured many Bogotá cob 2 escudos, more Mexico and Potosí silver cobs, and several important artifacts. The most recent big sale of Maravillas finds, presumably from one of the many salvage efforts from the 1970s and 1980s, took place in California in 2005, again with a good quantity of Bogotá cob 2 escudos. The wreck area is still being searched today, but officially the Bahamian government has not granted any leases on the site since the early 1990s. It is possible the bulk of the treasure is still to be found.

to Spain. But unlike most avisos, the San Miguel was carrying some important treasure, as it was in the right time and place to take on samples of the unauthorized “Star of Lima” coinage of 1659 for the King to see. In October the San Miguel encountered a hurricane off the southeast coast of Florida, grounded on a sandbar, and broke apart rapidly, leaving only 34 survivors among the 121 people on board. Those survivors were all quickly captured by natives (Ais) and therefore had no opportunity to salvage the scattered wreck. Today only parts of the wreck of the San Miguel have been found, discovered by lifeguard Peter Leo in 1987, in about 10 to 20 feet of water and under as much as 20 feet of sand. Salvage is ongoing. Besides a couple of gold ingots and one large silver ingot, the yield to date has been modest, mostly low-end silver cobs of Mexico and Potosí, a good amount of the rare 1659 “Star of Lima” silver coinage, a couple Bogotá gold cobs, and some rare Cartagena silver cobs. All were sold through various dealers and private transactions. If the hull of the ship is ever found, as the salvagers think it will be, the market may finally see some of the gold cobs of the “Star of Lima” issue of 1659.

Unidentified wreck sunk ca. 1671 in Seville Harbor, Spain

The city of Seville is situated on the Guadalquivir River, about 50 miles inland from the ocean port of Cádiz, where treasure from the New World arrived on sea-going galleons. From there the treasure sailed upriver by boat to Seville. Sometime in 1671 it is believed one of these boats sank outside Seville, or at least its treasure was lost there somehow in the river, for in the mid-1990s a large hoard of obviously salvaged silver cob 8 and 4 reales of Potosí, none dated later than 1671, and mostly in decent condition, began to emerge from markets in Spain without provenance but reportedly found in Seville Harbor during the installation of a fiber-optic cable across the river. It should be noted that the same type of coins (with characteristics identical to those from the Seville wreck) have been sold in recent years as having come from the so-called “Señorita de Santa Cristina” of 1672 off Cádiz, but we can find no record of this ship or its salvage.

Vergulde Draeck (“Gilt Dragon”), sunk in 1656 off Western Australia

Much has been written about the loss and salvage of this Dutch East India Company trading vessel (known as an East Indiaman), which some consider to be Australia’s counterpart to Florida’s 1715 Fleet in terms of availability of reasonably priced cobs for collectors. In contrast to the Spanish treasure wrecks, the Vergulde Draeck carried only a modest amount of just silver cobs (eight chests totaling 45,950 coins), mostly Mexican but also some cobs from Potosí and Spain as well as some Colombian rarities. The ship was on its way from the Netherlands to Batavia (modern-day Jakarta, Indonesia) when suddenly it found itself wrecked on a reef some three miles from land in the early morning hours of April 28, 1656. Only 75 of the 193 people on board were able to reach the shore, and seven of them soon left in the ship’s pinnace to seek help in Batavia. When authorities there learned of the wreck, several attempts were made to rescue the other survivors and, more important, the eight chests of treasure, but no sign of the wreck or survivors was ever found. The wreck remained undiscovered until 1963 when spear-fishermen stumbled upon it and began to recover coins and artifacts. Subsequent salvage efforts, primarily under the supervision of the Western Australian Museum, whose certificates often accompany the coins and carry a small premium, have yielded only about half of the total coins officially recorded to be on board this ship.

San Miguel el Arcángel (“Jupiter wreck”), sunk in 1659 off Jupiter Inlet, east coast of Florida

As well known as this wreck has become among the Florida treasure community and shipwreck collectors around the world, surprisingly little has been written about it, and not one major auction has been dedicated to its finds. The San Miguel was not a big treasure galleon in a huge convoy; rather, she was a lone aviso, a smaller ship for carrying letters and other communications quickly back

Consolación (“Isla de Muerto shipwreck”), sunk in 1681 off Santa Clara Island, Ecuador

12

When salvage first began on this wreck in 1997, it was initially believed to be the Santa Cruz and later called El Salvador y San José, sunk in August of 1680; however, research by Robert Marx after the main find in subsequent years confirmed its proper name and illuminated its fascinating history. Intended to be part of the Spanish “South Seas Fleet” of 1681, which left Lima’s port of Callao in April, the Consolación apparently


was delayed and ended up traveling alone. At the Gulf of Guayaquil, off modern-day Ecuador, the Consolación encountered English pirates, led by Bartholomew Sharpe, who forced the Spanish galleon to sink on a reef off Santa Clara Island (later nicknamed “Isla de Muerto,” or Dead Man’s Island). Before the pirates could get to the ship, the crew set fire to her and tried to escape to the nearby island without success. Angered by their inability to seize the valuable cargo of the Consolación, Sharpe’s men killed the Spaniards and tried in vain to recover the treasure through the efforts of local fishermen. Spanish attempts after that were also fruitless, so the treasure of the Consolación sat undisturbed until our time. When vast amounts of silver coins were found in the area starting in the 1990s, by local entrepreneurs Roberto Aguirre and Carlos Saavedra (“ROBCAR”) and the government of Ecuador in 1997 under mutual agreement, the exact name and history of the wreck were unknown, and about 8,000 of the coins (all Potosí silver cobs) were subsequently sold at auction by Spink New York in December 2001 as simply “Treasures from the ‘Isla de Muerto.’” Most of the coins offered were of low quality and poorly preserved but came with individually numbered photo-certificates. Later, after the provenance had been properly researched and better conservation methods were used, a Florida syndicate arranged to have ongoing finds from this wreck permanently encapsulated in hard-plastic holders by the authentication and grading firm ANACS, with the wreck provenance clearly stated inside the “slab”; more recent offerings have bypassed this encapsulation. Ongoing salvage efforts have good reason to be hopeful, as the manifest of the Consolación stated the value of her registered cargo as 146,000 pesos in silver coins in addition to silver and gold ingots, plus an even higher sum in contraband, according to custom.

too late for the merchant nao Boticaria, which struck a reef there at midnight on November 29, but gently enough that almost everyone on board was saved. Rescue boats soon arrived. As the Boticaria stayed on the reef for three days before sinking, salvagers were able save almost everything. Meanwhile, news came in that another ship in the fleet, the galleon Nuestra Señora de la Soledad, had wrecked on another reef near even farther along, off a point near a western entrance to the Chagres River known as Punta de Brujas (not to be confused with Brujas on the Pacific coast). Unlike the Boticaria, however, the 22-gun Soledad hit the reef with such force that 50 people died, including its owner, Captain Antonio de Lima. The rest of the 1681 Fleet finally reached Portobelo on December 3, still under adverse weather conditions. More casualties arose when the ship Chaperón found herself stranded at the mouth of the Chagres River and in danger of sinking due to lack of anchoring equipment and personnel. In the process of delivering assistance, a small ship known as a tartana was lost, and by the time the other rescue ships made it to the Chaperón they found that its crew had all escaped and only three boatloads of goods could be saved before the ship sank. After taking care of business in Portobelo, the ill-fated fleet returned to Cartagena on March 27, 1682, and on May 8 set sail for Havana, Cuba. That night yet another merchant ship, the Santa Teresa, captained by Don Manuel de Galarza, was lost, and several other vessels had to return to Cartagena. Then, while en route to Havana, the galleon Nuestra Señora de la Concepción y San Ignacio de Loyola hit a reef just past Cape San Antonio, Cuba, and was set afire after its cargo was salvaged. Reaching Havana on June 1, the ragtag 1681 Fleet finally made it back to Spain on September 2. The various lost ships of the 1681 Fleet have been salvaged off and on in modern times. While it would seem that the location of each wreck would indicate its identity, the fact is that most sources have not been well documented, and the wrecks of pirate ships with loot from the same fleet are possible as well.

Joanna, sunk in 1682 off South Africa

1681 Fleet (“Portobelo wreck”), sunk in 1681 off Portobelo, Panama

An English East Indiaman on her way to Surat on the west coast of India, the Joanna separated from her convoy and sank in rough seas on a reef off the southernmost tip of South Africa on June 8, 1682, sending 10 people to their death. Eventually 104 survivors reached the Dutch colony of Cape Town, from which a salvage party was soon dispatched. The Joanna’s cargo consisted of 70 chests of silver coins, of which the salvage party reported having recovered only about 28,000 guilders’ worth. In 1982 the wreck was rediscovered by a group of South African divers led by Gavin Clackworthy, who brought up silver ingots (discs) and more than 23,000 silver cobs, most of them Mexican 4 and 8 reales of Charles II in generally low grade, but a few showing bold, formerly very rare dates 1679-1681. Over the past two decades, these cobs have entered the market from both private dealers and auctions, but always in relatively small quantities at a time. Almost all the coins are in very worn condition, usually thin and nearly featureless, but without the heavy encrustation and pitting that characterize Caribbean finds.

The 1681 “Tierra Firme” Fleet, commanded by Juan Antonio Vicentelo de Leca y Herrara, better known as the Marqués de Brenes, left Cádiz, Spain, on January 28, 1681, and reached Cartagena, Colombia, on April 2. From there a small armada of 12 ships was sent out to assess the danger of pirates in the area, as this was the age of Henry Morgan and other privateers on the Spanish Main. Bad weather also intervened, and it was not till November that the 1681 Fleet finally left Cartagena bound for Portobelo, Panama.  As the Fleet approached Portobelo, strong winds and hard rain prevented the pilots from recognizing the land until nighttime, by which time they had passed their destination and found themselves near dangerous reefs off the Islas Naranjos. The Capitana (lead vessel), Santo Cristo de San Agustín y Nuestra Señora del Rosario, immediately anchored and signaled the rest of the fleet to anchor as well. It was

Merestein, sunk in 1702 off South Africa

13

This Dutch East Indiaman was outbound when she tried to put into Saldanha Bay to alleviate rampant scurvy on board the ship. On April 3, 1702, she hit reefs on the southwest point of Jutten Island and within hours was smashed to pieces. Only 99 of the 200 people


aboard the Merestein survived. On board the Merestein were several chests of silver coins for trade in the East Indies and for which immediate salvage plans were undertaken. But Jutten Island is no easy dive, and all attempts were abandoned until modern times. The wreck was rediscovered and salvaged in the early 1970s, yielding almost exclusively Dutch silver ducatoons from the 1600s. The number of coins found in the 1970s was around 15,000 and is believed to be nowhere near all of the treasure that was lost. Thousands more coins and artifacts were recovered by the salvage company Sealit in the 1990s.

Association, sunk in 1707 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

The sinking of this ship and four others in a fleet of 21 returning from the Mediterranean was one of the worst British naval disasters of all time. The Association sank on October 22 under stormy conditions after what can only be described as guesswork navigation that led the ships straight onto the rocks of the Scilly Isles, where as many as 2,000 sailors lost their lives as a result. The admiral of the fleet, Sir Cloudisley Shovell, whose ten chests of personal wealth (in addition to several others) were rumored to be aboard the Association, was one of the casualties of the sinking, although legend has it he reached shore alive, only to be murdered there by a local woman for a ring on his finger. The wrecksite was located in 1967 by British Navy divers, touching off a frenzy of activity on the site for years to come. Cannons and a few coins were raised in the 1960s, but it was not till 1973 that a significant amount of coins were found (8,000 in that year alone). These coins, mostly British silver and gold but also many Spanish and Spanish-American silver cobs, were sold at auction beginning in 1969 and into the early 1970s. The cobs presented an eclectic mix, mostly 8 reales from the 1650s forward (even a “Royal” presentation issue from 1676), but from nearly all mints (especially Lima and Potosí), some even left in as-found conglomerate form combined with British coins. It is interesting to note that parts of this wreck, like others in the area, were flattened hard to the muddy sea floor by huge boulders that still roll around with the currents, making for dangerous and difficult salvage.

Feversham, sunk in 1711 off Nova Scotia, Canada

The Feversham was on its way north with three other ships from New York to Quebec with provisions and cash to assist a British campaign against the French when all four ships sank on and around Scatarie Island off Cape Breton in a storm on October 7, 1711. About 100 people died in the disaster, while the remaining 49 survivors were able to bribe a passing French fisherman to take them to New York for 200 pounds. Apparently no one—British or French—was able to salvage anything from the wreck in its time. In 1968 the wrecksite of the Feversham was rediscovered by a group of divers led by famous Canadian salvager, Alex Storm, whose recoveries were sold privately to a “highly-reputable Canadian institution” in 1972. In the mid-1980s the Feversham was salvaged again by a new group of divers. The Feversham’s numismatic yield was small in comparison with Spanish galleon treasures, but quite important as a cross-section of coinage in circulation in New York at the time. Mostly it was Spanish American silver cobs and Massachusetts Bay Colony shillings, many of the former with rare, weight-adjustment plugs to bring them up to standard. A small group of gold cobs—almost entirely Bogotá 2 escudos, virtually identical to those from the Spanish 1715

Fleet—was found in later salvage efforts. An abundance of auctions offered these coins from 1989 through 1999.

1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida

The Spanish 1715-Fleet disaster was probably the greatest to befall any of the Spanish treasure fleets in terms of casualties and money, with reports of a loss of 14 million pesos (plus an equal or greater amount in contraband) and as many as 1,000 or more lives. It was a typical case of overloaded Spanish galleons foundering in a hurricane after delayed departure. In effect the 1715 Fleet was a combination of two fleets: the Nueva España (New Spain, i.e., Mexico) Fleet from Mexico and the Tierra Firme (Mainland) Fleet from South America, some 12 or 13 ships in all. Encountering a hurricane on July 30, all the ships were driven shoreward and destroyed except for a lone vessel, the tag-along French ship Grifón, which sailed onward without incident. Hundreds of the crew and passengers lost their lives while other hundreds of survivors improvised a camp on shore to await aid from the Spanish fort at St. Augustine, to which a party was sent. Salvage commenced soon afterward and lasted for several years. Nearly half of the vast treasure (at least the registered part) was recovered and kept in a nearby storehouse. In 1716, a flotilla of British freebooters under Henry Jennings raided the storehouse and carried off some 350,000 pesos of the treasure to Jamaica. The Spaniards, however, resumed operations until they could salvage no more and quit in 1719. The rest of the treasure remained on the ocean floor until our time. Modern salvage on the 1715 Fleet began in the late 1950s, when local resident Kip Wagner found a piece of eight on the beach after a hurricane and decided to pursue the source. With the help of a 1774 chart and an army-surplus metal detector, he located the original Spanish salvage camp and unearthed coins and artifacts. Then, using a rented airplane to spot the underwater wrecksite from the air and check the location again by boat, Kip found the source of the coins and soon formed a team of divers and associates backed by a salvage permit from the State of Florida. All of this took place over a period of years before it evolved into the Real Eight Company, whose ranks later included such luminaries as Robert Marx and the flamboyant Mel Fisher. The Fisher family still sub-leases the sites to hopeful salvagers today. The vast treasures yielded by the 1715 Fleet in our time fall into nearly every category, from coins to jewelry, precious stones to cannons, religious artifacts to Chinese porcelains. The 1715 Fleet remains the world’s largest source for New World gold cobs, while the silver cobs recovered number in the hundreds of thousands. Promotions of the coins by Real Eight and others have spanned the decades, in addition to significant auctions by Henry Christensen (1964); Parke-Bernet Galleries (1967) and Sotheby Parke Bernet (1973); the Schulman Coin and Mint (1972 and 1974); Bowers and Ruddy Galleries (1977); and even the U.S. Customs Service (2003). Despite a wealth of publications pertaining to the 1715 Fleet with names of the ships and the known locations of some of the wrecks, there is no universal agreement as to the identity of the vessel at each wrecksite. In many cases, in fact, it is possible that separate wrecksites represent different parts of the same ship. As a result, salvagers over the decades have resorted to nicknames for the sites based on landmarks, local individuals, and even features from the wrecks themselves, such as (from north to south): “Pines” (Sebastian), “Cabin” (Wabasso), “Cannon” (Wabasso), “Corrigans” (Vero Beach), “Rio Mar” (Vero Beach), “Sandy Point” (Vero Beach), “Wedge” (Fort Pierce), and “Colored Beach” (Fort Pierce). Regardless of the exact site of origin, a great majority of the coins and artifacts are sold simply as “1715 Fleet.”

14


Slot ter Hooge, sunk in 1724 off Porto Santo, Madeira Islands

broke apart in the storm while the Vliegenthart, damaged and firing her cannons in distress, slipped off the bank and sank in 10 fathoms of water. All hands on both ships were lost. Contemporaneous salvage under contract with the Dutch East India Company was unsuccessful, but it provided a piece of evidence, a secret map, that emerged from obscurity in 1977. Stemming from that, divers employed by the former London attorney Rex Cowan discovered the wreck in 1981, and in 1983 they found their first coins, one of three chests of Mexican silver and Dutch gold coins (totaling 67,000 guilders or dollar-sized units) for the East India trade aboard the Vliegenthart. The second chest was smashed on the seabed and its contents partially salvaged, while the third chest, intact like the first, came up in 1992. The divers also recovered several smaller boxes of large Dutch silver coins known as “ducatoons,” illegally exported and therefore contraband. Among the silver coins found were thousands of Mexican cobs, predominantly 8 reales, many with clear dates in the early 1730s and in excellent condition.

This East Indiaman, whose Dutch name means “Castle of Hooge” (a place in modern-day Belgium), was outbound to Batavia (Jakarta) with a load of three tons of silver ingots (15 chests) plus four chests of silver coins, three of which contained nothing but Mexican cobs. Blown off course by a storm, the Slot ter Hooge wrecked on November 19 off Porto Santo Island in the Madeira Islands (northwest of Africa), to the demise of some 221 people on board (only 33 survived). More than half the treasure was salvaged over the next ten years by the famous English inventor John Lethbridge, but the rest was forgotten until our time. In 1974 the wreck was rediscovered by the well-known salvager Robert Sténuit, who recovered many silver ingots and coins, mostly Dutch ducatoons but also some Mexican 8-reales cobs.

1733 Fleet, Florida Keys

Much like the 1715-Fleet disaster, the 1733 Fleet was an entire Spanish convoy lost in a hurricane off Florida. However, due to the lesser severity of the 1733 hurricane, which struck the fleet on July 15, and the shallowness of the wrecksites in the Keys, there were many survivors, and four ships remained in good enough condition to be refloated and sent back to Havana. A highly successful salvage effort by the Spanish yielded even more than the 12 million pesos of precious cargo listed on the Fleet’s manifest (thanks to the usual contraband). The wrecks themselves are spread across 80 miles, from north of Key Largo down to south of Duck Key, and include the following galleons (note there is not universal agreement as to which wrecksite pertains to each galleon, and each name is a contemporaneous abbreviation or nickname): El Pópulo, El Infante, San José, El Rubí (the capitana), Chávez, Herrera, Tres Puentes, San Pedro, El Terri (also spelled Lerri or Herri), San Francisco, El Gallo Indiano (the almiranta), Las Angustias, El Sueco de Arizón, San Fernando, and San Ignacio. This last ship, San Ignacio, is believed to be the source of many silver coins (and even some gold coins) found in a reef area off Deer Key known as “Coffins Patch,” the south-westernmost of all the 1733-Fleet wrecksites. In addition, many other related sites are known, mostly the wrecks of tag-along ships that accompanied the fleet proper. The first and arguably most famous of the wrecks of the 1733 Fleet to be located in modern times was the capitana El Rubí, which was discovered in 1948 and salvaged principally in the 1950s by Art McKee, whose Sunken Treasure Museum on Plantation Key housed his finds for all to see. Unfortunately throughout the next several decades the wrecksites in the Keys became a virtual free-for-all, with many disputes and confrontations, until the government created the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary in 1990. The removal of artifacts from any of the sites is prohibited today. In contrast to the 1715 Fleet, and because of the extensive Spanish salvage in the 1730s, the finds by modern divers have been modest, especially in gold coins, of which there are far more fakes on the market than genuine specimens. Nevertheless, the 1733 Fleet has been a significant source for some of the rare Mexican milled “pillar dollars” of 1732-1733 as well as the transitional “klippe”-type coins of 1733.

Rooswijk, sunk in 1739 off southeast England

Off the southeastern tip of England, just north of the Straits of Dover, the sea hides a most unusual feature known as the Goodwin Sands, where sandbanks appear and disappear unpredictably and move with the tides. Many ships over the centuries have sunk here and silted over, and occasionally one of the wrecks will surface and be discovered. Such is the case with the Rooswijk, a Dutch East Indiaman that foundered on the Goodwin Sands in a storm on December 19, 1739 (by the calendar in use by the British at the time), with all hands and 30 chests of treasure, virtually gone without a trace. By chance in December 2004, the sands that had swallowed the wreck of the Rooswijk parted and allowed diver Ken Welling to retrieve two complete chests and hundreds of silver bars. Operating in secrecy, salvage continued in 2005 under the direction of Rex Cowan (in agreement with the Dutch and British governments) and is ongoing today. So far, several hundred Mexican silver cobs of the 1720s and early 1730s and transitional “klippes” of 1733-1734, as well as many more hundreds of “pillar dollars” and a smattering of cobs from other mints, have hit the market from this wreck, mostly through auction.

Hollandia, sunk in 1743 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

Vliegenthart, sunk in 1735 off Zeeland, the Netherlands

Blown off course on her way to the East Indies, the Hollandia struck Gunner Rock and sank in about 110 feet of water about 1½ miles east of it on July 13, 1743. There were no survivors. The first sign of the wreck came in 1971, when divers under Rex Cowan located the wrecksite and within a couple years salvaged more than 35,000 silver coins among the nearly 130,000 guilders

The East Indiaman Vliegenthart (“Flying Hart” in Dutch) had just departed Rammekens for the East Indies when the deadly combination of a northeast gale, a spring tide and pilot error sent her into a sand bank behind her sister-ship Anna Catharina. The latter ship

15


(dollar-sized units) recorded to be on board the Hollandia. A great majority of the coins were Mexican “pillar dollars,” but there were also some silver cobs, including the scarce Mexican transitional “klippes” of 1733-1734 and a few Guatemala cobs, in mixed condition.

to recover gold coins on a wrecksite in the Río de la Plata, and soon it became clear the wreck in question had to be from 1751 or 1752, as none of the coins was dated later than 1751. The finds, which were split with the Uruguayan government and then sold at auction in New York and Montevideo, consisted of mostly milled (bust-type) 8 escudos from the new mint at Santiago, Chile. Also in these auctions were 95 gold cobs and 353 silver cobs, the former mostly Lima 8 and 4 escudos (but also some Bogotá 2 escudos), and the latter mostly 8 and 4 reales from Potosí (with several more gold and silver cob sold privately). The gold is pristine, but the silver coins all show at least moderate corrosion.

Princess Louisa, sunk in 1743 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

Laden with 20 chests (69,760 ounces) of Spanish silver, the East Indiaman Princess Louisa fell victim to surprise currents and inaccurate charts and struck a reef and sank off Isla de Maio in the early morning hours of April 18. Forty-two of the 116 people aboard floated to safety on the nearby island, but nothing on the ship could be saved. Contemporaneous salvage never came to fruition. In 1998 and 1999 the wrecksite was located and salvaged by the Arqueonautas firm, whose finds from this wreck have been largely marketed by a Houston coin and jewelry dealer ever since, although some coins were also sold at auction in 2000-2001. Most of the coins were New World silver cobs from all the mints that were operating in the early 1700s (including rare Bogotá cobs), predominantly minors (smaller than 8 reales), in average condition, with quite a few preserved in as-found multiple-coin clusters.

La Dromadaire, sunk in 1762 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa An outbound French East India vessel, the Dromadaire was carrying 154 people and a chest of silver when she went down in bad weather off San Vicente Island. Only 77 people were saved and the chest was lost until salvage by Arqueonautas in 1996, which brought a quantity of French ecus to the collector market.

Cazador, sunk in 1784 off New Orleans, Louisiana

The Cazador was a Spanish brig of war headed from Vera Cruz, Mexico, to New Orleans under the direction of Captain Gabriel de Campos y Piñeda. Her cargo of some 450,000 pesos of newly minted silver coins was meant to stabilize the fragile economy in the Spanish possession of Louisiana, which had suffered from the use of French paper currency. The fact that the coins never arrived probably hastened the decision to cede the colony to Napoleon in 1800, soon after which Louisiana was sold to the fledgling United States of America for $15 million. Nobody knows how the Cazador was lost, and no evidence of the ship was found until 1993, when a fishing crew led by Captain Jerry Murphy snagged their net on something about 50 miles south of New Orleans in the Gulf of Mexico. When the net was brought up, it spilled out hundreds of silver coins onto the deck of Jerry’s boat, aptly named Mistake. Shortly thereafter, the fishermen obtained the rights to the find and began recoveries under the name of Grumpy Inc.

Reijgersdaal, sunk in 1747 off South Africa

More popularly known in the U.S. as Reygersdahl, this typical East Indiaman was carrying eight chests of silver coins (nearly 30,000 coins) when she sank on October 25, 1747, between Robben and Dassen Islands. After four-and-a-half months at sea, the crew had anchored there to fetch rock rabbits (“dassies,” for which Dassen Island was named) and other fresh food to relieve massive illness on board the ship, on which some 125 had died and 83 were incapacitated out of 297 people; but in the face of a gale, the anchor-line snapped and the ship foundered on the rocks. Only 20 survived the sinking, and only one incomplete chest of coins was recovered. The area was deemed too dangerous to attempt further salvage. Beginning in 1979, modern salvage on the wreck by the salvage company Sealit yielded thousands of coins (as many as 15,000 by the early 1980s, when protective legislation was enacted in South Africa), mostly in near pristine condition, which have been sold in various auctions and private offerings ever since. A great majority of the coins from this wreck are Mexican pillar dollars in excellent condition, but there were also a few hundred New World silver cobs, including Guatemala cobs, which are rarely seen from shipwrecks.

Nuestra Señora de la Luz, sunk in 1752 off Montevideo, Uruguay

Actually a Portuguese vessel leased by the Spanish, the Luz left Buenos Aires in the summer of 1752 with a load of money bound for Spain and had just stopped in Montevideo for provisioning when a strong storm swept her into the coastline, spreading wreckage over a wide area and killing all on board. While over 90% of the treasure was recovered soon afterward, the powder-hold was never found, and as it turns out, that is where some 200,000 pesos (according to later reports) of contraband had been stored. In April 1992, divers working under Rubén Collado began

Piedmont (“Lyme Bay wreck”), sunk in 1795 in Lyme Bay, south of England

One of a huge fleet of 300 ships on their way to the West Indies to suppress a French uprising, the Piedmont was forced into Lyme Bay during a hurricane on November 18, 1795, that scattered and sank the ships of the fleet all along the Dorset coast. The Piedmont and five other ships (Aeolus, Catherine, Golden Grove, Thomas and Venus) broke apart on Chesil Beach and came to be known collectively as the “Lyme Bay wrecks.” An estimated 1,000 men lost their lives in the disaster, including well over a hundred from the Piedmont alone. In the early 1980s, the wrecks were salvaged by divers Selwyn Williams and Les and Julia C. Kent, who discovered many silver cobs of the late 1600s on the wrecksite of the Piedmont. It is presumed that the coins had been captured or recovered from a seventeenth-century wreck and stored in the vaults of the Bank of England for about a century before being transported and subsequently lost again. These coins are usually recognizable by their uniformly dark-gray color, a bit sea-worn but not overly corroded. A significant group of extremely rare Colombian silver cobs from the Piedmont (but not identified as such) was offered at auction in 1995.

16


Lady Burgess, sunk in 1806 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa

Fame, sunk in 1822 off South Africa

An English wooden merchant vessel en route to England from Madras, India, the Fame succumbed to a heavy swell and found herself driven onto the rocks at Sea Point, near Table Bay, off South Africa, in June of 1822. All but four lives were saved as the ship broke in two and sank. The wreck was rediscovered in 1965 and yielded a wide variety (but not a big quantity) of coinage, not a cargo but most likely from among the personal belongings of the passengers and crew.

An outbound British East Indiaman with a cargo of general merchandise, the Lady Burgess found herself separated from her fleet and hit a reef in the Cape Verde Islands on April 20, 1806. In the ensuing chaos, 52 of the 180 people on board the ship perished. Inasmuch as she was not a treasure ship, the Lady Burgess was not salvaged in her own time and was therefore untouched when the salvage company Arqueonautas located her remains in 1999 and recovered a modicum of Spanish silver bust-type 8 reales and British gold guineas that had been among private specie on board the ship.

S.S. Republic, sunk in 1865 in deep water off Savannah, Georgia Originally christened the Tennessee (which is how she was identified in our time), the sidewheel steamer Republic was carrying some $400,000 in specie from New York to New Orleans when she sank in a hurricane about 100 miles offshore on October 25, 1865. One of many deep targets located by the salvage company Odyssey, the site of the Republic was salvaged by submersible craft beginning in 2003. In addition to gold and silver coins of the Civil War-era United States, Odyssey found the ship’s bell with part of the name Tennessee, confirming the ship’s identity and launching a massive, ongoing promotional campaign for coins and artifacts from the wreck.

HMS Athenienne, sunk in 1806 off Sicily

The British Naval ship Athenienne was traveling from Gibraltar to Malta when she suddenly struck the fabled “Esquerques” reef some 80 miles from Sicily (Italy) and sank on October 20, 1806. Over a hundred survivors made it to Sicily in longboats, but many more hundreds perished in the wreck. Modern salvage of the Athenienne in the 1970s produced about 4,000 Spanish colonial silver bust-type 8 reales (about 10 per cent of the total believed to be on board), of which only about 500 were more than just featureless slivers.

Admiral Gardner, sunk in 1809 off the southeast coast of England

Douro, sunk in 1882 off Cape Finisterre, Spain

Along with her sister-ship Britannia, the English East Indiaman Admiral Gardner was outbound with an immense cargo (48 tons!) of copper coins for circulation in India when both ships sank in a storm on the Goodwin Sands on January 24, 1809. Ten lives were lost, as was all the cargo. The coins were recovered in modern times, literally a million of them packed in wax inside wooden barrels.

The British Royal Mail Steamer Douro was en route to England from Portugal when she collided with the Spanish steamship Yrurac Bat and sank in the early morning hours of April 2, 1882, in deep water off the northwest coast of Spain. All but six people on board survived, but the ship and its cargo of tens of thousands of gold coins were a total loss. The wreck was found and salvaged in 1995 by Sverker Hallstrom and Nigel Pickford using a remote-operated vehicle (ROV) at a depth of 1,500 feet. The cargo of gold coins, mostly British sovereigns was sold at auction by Spink (London) in 1996.

17


18


Mexico City, Mexico

Gold Cobs

1. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, Philip V, assayer J (style of 1711-13), from the 1715 Fleet, mounted in gold pendantbezel. S-M30; KM-57.1. 40.21 grams total. Choice full shield and nearly full cross, both well-centered and aligned on axis (hence reversible in its mount) but with sloping peripheries flat, AU details. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

2. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1713J, from the 1715 Fleet, encapsulated NGC MS 64, tied for finest known in

NGC census. S-M30; KM-57.1; CT-106. Bold full date and oXMJ, full shield and cross, all very slightly doubled but very crisp and lustrous per the assigned grade, which is exceptional for this issue. From the 1715 Fleet (as stated inside the slab). Estimate: $10,000-up.

19


3. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1713J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-

57.1; CT-106. 27.00 grams. Full date, oXMJ, shield and cross, bold strike and well preserved (AU), most of peripheries sloping and flat as usual, with a few tiny, modern pockmarks near edge on both sides. From the 1715 Fleet, with Cobb Coin Co. (Fisher) photo-certificate #NCB3091MO. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

4. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8

escudos, (1714)J, with GRAT in date position on obverse, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30;

KM-57.2; CT-107. 26.92 grams. Good full cross, full but doubled shield and oMJ and denomination, bold GRAT where date normally appears, Mint State with red patches (as found). From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

5. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8

escudos, 1714J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-57.2; CT-108. 26.93

grams. Choice full shield and crown and cross, bottom half of date and full oMJ, nice AU with red staining (as found). From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $8,000$12,000.

20


6. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escu-

dos, 1714J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30;

Small, thick, oblong flan with bold full date and denomination and shield, full but off-center cross, nearly full crown, Mint State with areas of staining and coral (as found). From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

KM-57.2; CT-108. 26.78 grams.

7. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 escudos, 1715J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-57.2; CT-109. 27.10

grams. Choice Mint State with perfect

full shield and oMJ, clear date with area of extra metal, good full cross with luster, small patch of coral and dark stains (as found). From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

8. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8

escudos, 1715J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-57.2; CT-109. 26.97

grams. Nice full shield and oMJ and

full cross despite off-center strike, minor flan-crack, UNC with hint of luster. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

21


9. Mexico City, Mexico, cob

8 escudos, 1715J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-57.2; CT-

109. 26.99 grams. Bold full shield and oMJ enhanced by dark staining (as found), good full cross, AU overall. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

10. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 escudos, (1714)J,

from the 1715 Fleet, encapsulated NGC MS 65, tied for finest known in NGC census. S-M30; KM55.2; CT-234. 13.5 grams. Highly lustrous, with very crisp details worthy of its slab grade, the superb cross perfectly centered but the shield somewhat doubled, still quite lovely for its luster and total lack of wear. From the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher photo-certificate #PC9-31203. Estimate: $4,000-up.

11. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 escudos, (171)4J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-53.2; CT-350. 6.77 grams. Mint State

with nice full shield and cross (very well detailed), some cross-side legend, luster and stains (as found). From the 1715 Fleet, with certificate. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

12. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 escudos, (171)4J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-53.2; CT-350. 6.84 grams. Choice full crown

and cross, nearly full shield, lustrous Mint State with black streaks (as found). From the 1715 Fleet, with certificate. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

22


17. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (1712), assayer J, 13. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (1707-10), assayer mintmark oM, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.2; CT-508.

J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.1. 3.32 grams. Good full cross,

3.42 grams. Bold full oMJ, good full cross (partially stained, as found)

bold and nearly full shield and oXMJ, lustrous Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet, with certificate. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

and nearly full shield, nice AU. From the 1715 Fleet, with certificate. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

14. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, 1711J, from the

18. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (1712), assayer J,

and shield, full but partially flat cross, nice AU. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

3.39 grams. Bold full oMJ and cross, full but partially flat shield, AU+

1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.1; CT-506. 3.31 grams. Full date and oXMJ

mintmark oM, from the 1715 Fleet.

S-M30; KM-51.2; CT-508.

with hint of luster. From the 1715 Fleet, with certificate. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

15. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (1)711J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.1; CT-506. 3.38 grams. Full oXMJ and crown and shield, off-center cross, nice AU with minor edge-split. From the 1715 Fleet, with certificate. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

19. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (1711-13), assayer J, mintmark oXM, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.1. 3.37 grams. Nice full cross, full but crude shield, AU. From the 1715 Fleet,

with certificate. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

16. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (17)12(J), mintmark oXM, from the 1715 Fleet, very rare (unlisted in Tauler and CT). S-M30; KM-51.1; CT-unl. 3.33 grams. Bold full 2 of date and clear

20. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (1711-13), assayer J,

oXM mintmark (first we have seen with oXM instead of oM), with full crown and most of shield, choice full cross, nice AU. From the 1715 Fleet, with certificate. Estimate: $1,500-up.

mintmark oXM, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.1. 3.34 grams.

23

Good full shield, bold assayer, slightly off-center cross, AU-. From the 1715 Fleet, with certificate. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.


21. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (1711-13), assayer J,

mintmark oXM, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.1. 3.30 grams.

Good full cross with luster, full shield and oXMJ, AU-. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

22. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (1714), assayer J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.2; CT-510. 3.36 grams. Lustrous Mint State with bold full oMJ, choice full shield and cross. From the 1715 Fleet, with certificate. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

23. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (1714), assayer J,

from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.2; CT-510. 3.25 grams. Lustrous Mint State, choice full shield and cross, the latter slightly off-center, small flan (but edge intact). From the 1715 Fleet, with certificate. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

24. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (1714), assayer J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.2; CT-510. 3.40 grams. Lustrous Mint State with choice full shield and cross, broad flan with flat peripheries. From the 1715 Fleet, with certificate. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

25. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 escudo, (1714), assayer J, from the 1715 Fleet. S-M30; KM-51.2; CT-510. 3.32 grams. Superb full shield, full cross, some peripheral flatness but lustrous Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet, with certificate. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Lima, Peru 26. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos,

1702H, rare, from the 1715 Fleet.

S-L25a; KM-38.1; CT-12. 27.00 grams.

Choice cross side with nearly full legends, the pillars side slightly doubled but lustrous and also with much legend and full crown, Mint State with small spots of dark encrustation (as found). From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

24


27. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1704H, rare, from the 1715 Fleet.

S-L25a; KM-38.1; CT-14. 26.94 grams. Choice

strike with beautiful cross-lions-castles and pillars-and-waves, the latter slightly off-center, much legend, UNC with faint red toning, minor marks in peripheries. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $10,000$15,000.

28. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1709M, from the 1715 Fleet.

S-L28; KM-38.1; CT-20.

26.89 grams. Small-flan UNC with luster and

minor staining (as found), good full cross and pillars. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $10,000$15,000.

29. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos,

1711M, from the 1715 Fleet, encapsulated NGC MS 61. S-L28;

KM-38.2; CT-22. 26.9 grams. Choice bold strike with minor staining, muted luster (else the grade would be higher), the full cross and pillars really quite attractive. From the 1715 Fleet (as stated inside the slab). Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

25


30. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos,

1711M, from the 1715 Fleet.

S-L28; KM-38.2; CT-22. 26.84 grams.

Good full pillars and cross (the latter slightly off-center), much legend, AU with red and black stains (as found). From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

31. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escu-

dos, 1712M, from the 1715 Fleet, encapsulated NGC MS 61. S-L28; KM-38.2; CT-23. Choice

full cross (slightly off-center), full pillars with doubling just at upperright, full second date in legend. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

32. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1712M, from the 1715 Fleet. S-L28; KM-38.2; CT-23. 26.90

grams. Bold and well-struck pillars and cross, much legend (including second date), XF with dark toning around details. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

26


33. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1712M, from the 1715 Fleet. S-L28;

Two bold dates, good full pillars-and-waves with very slight doubling, bold full cross-lionscastles, nicely orange-toned XF+ with minor flat spots in legends only. From the 1715 Fleet, with Sedwick photo-certificate, pedigreed to our Auction #6, with original lot-tag #25, and Auction #11, with original lot-tag #21. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000. KM-38.2; CT-23. 26.87 grams.

34. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1713/2M. S-L28; KM-unl.; CT-24. 26.84 grams. VF with bold full cross enhanced

by toning, full but slightly doubled pillars with two clear dates, polished from former mounting. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

35. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos,

1724M. S-L28; KM-38.2; CT-38. 27.04 grams. Bold full cross and pillars

despite weak areas, XF with reddish toning, second date in legend, minor marks on edge. Estimate: $6,000$9,000.

27


36. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1725M, Louis I, rare. S-L28a; KM-40; CT-1. 26.97 grams.

Full cross and pillars, bold second date in legend, XF with toning around details, minor filemarks on edge. Estimate: $5,000$7,500.

37. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1727M, encapsulated NGC AU 58. S-L28b; KM-38.2; CT-40. 27

grams. Bold but off-center strike with minor doubling, some legend, hint of toning. Estimate: $5,000$7,500.

38. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1738/7N, rare. S-L29; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 27.01

grams. Off-center strike with full cross and

pillars nonetheless, bold overdate (rare thus), lustrous AU. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

28


39. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1743/2V,

rare, from an unidentified 1740s wreck north of Haiti. S-L30; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 25.13

grams. Clipped around edge in its time, bold XF

with toning around details, a few fresh marks from salvage, good full pillars and cross, first and only coin we have seen from this wreck. From an unidentified 1740s wreck north of Haiti. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

40. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos,

1746/5V, with stars in fields on both sides, encapsulated NGC AU 55, Plate Coin in Sedwick article. S-L30; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 26.8

grams. Well-centered full pillars and cross, toning around details, minor edge-split (as made), popular twoyear type with stars sprinkled among the details (exact meaning unknown). Plate Coin in the article “Collecting Peruvian Gold Cobs,” by Daniel Frank Sedwick (October 2012). Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

41. Lima, Peru, cob 8 escudos, 1749R, encapsulated NGC VF 35. S-L31; KM-47; CT-13. 27 grams. Bold,

full and well-centered cross and pillars, the former with partially erased second date “49” below, much legend, nice red toning. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

29


42. Lima, Peru, cob 2 escudos, 1705H, rare, from the 1715

Fleet, encapsulated NGC MS 62, tied for finest known in NGC census. S-L25a; KM-36; CT-300. 6.7 grams. Nice full cross and

pillars (both well centered), much legend, muted luster, choice grade for this rare date. From the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher photo-certificate #770349. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

43. Lima, Peru, cob 2 escudos, 1710H, from the 1715 Fleet.

S-L25a; KM-36; CT-304. 6.78 grams. Broad flan with choice, full and bold cross and pillars, full but doubled crown, 7 of second date in legend, Mint State with luster and faint toning. From the 1715 Fleet, with certificate. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

44. Lima, Peru, cob 2 escudos, 1711M, from the 1715 Fleet.

S-L28; KM-36; CT-305. 6.73 grams. Good full cross, full but partially doubled pillars, the latter with luster, Mint State. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

45. Lima, Peru, cob 1 escudo, 1746/4V, encapsulated NGC

AU 55. S-L30; KM-35; CT-476. Choice bold strike with full inner details, very clear overdate, deep toning on fields. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

Bogotรก, Colombia

46. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (16)32A, very rare, 47. Bogotรก, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)646R, very rare, ex-Caballero and Santa Fe collections. S-B20; KM-unl (4.1); CT-152.

6.72 grams. Bold full shield and cross, the former with bold NRA to

ex-Santa Fe collection. S-B21; KM-4.1; CT-168. 6.71 grams. Very bold

left inside border of tiny dots, the latter with full tressure and full 32 of date, XF+ with sediment in crevices, curious shape. Pedigreed to the Caballero collection and to the Santa Fe collection (our Auction #10, lot #21). Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

full 646 of date outside of off-center cross, bold shield with II-R to left and NR to right, lustrous XF+ with sediment in crevices. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe collection (our Auction #10, lot #28). Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

30


48. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1671(R), very rare,

ex-Caballero and Santa Fe collections. S-B21a; KM-14.1; CT-143.

6.66 grams. Bold 167 of date with full but weaker final 1, choice full

cross, off-center shield with bold NR to left, clear king’s ordinal II, lightly toned XF. Pedigreed to the Caballero collection and to the Santa Fe collection (our Auction #10, lot #39). Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

49. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 168(?)(G), mintmark NR to left. KM-14.1. 6.69 grams. Good full shield and cross, with bold bottom half of 168 of date, XF+ with contrasting sediment in crevices. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

50. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1690G, rare. S-B23;

KM-14.1; CT-153. 6.69 grams. Full but off-center cross with bold date, full shield with full denomination above top of assayer to right, lightly toned AU. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

51. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, Charles II, assayer

G to right, from the 1715 Fleet.

S-B23; KM-14.1. 6.71 grams.

Crude (uneven) flan but with full assayer, most of shield and cross, XF with staining in crevices (as found). From the 1715 Fleet, with Fisher photo-certificate #PC12-31434. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

52. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1713,

from the 1715 Fleet, mounted in 14K pendantbezel. S-B24; KM-14.2; CT-16. 10.81 grams total. Bold

date, most of cross and shield, minor edge-split, AU+. From the 1715 Fleet, with certificate. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

53. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II, assayer ARCE in legend, from the 1715 Fleet, ex-Roy Volker. S-B24; KM-14.2. 6.70 grams. Lustrous Mint State with slightly

crude edge (as made), full and choice cross and shield, but most interesting feature is the clear ARCE in the legend to the left of the cross, after the word REX and before a 17(??) date, also desirable pedigree. From the 1715 Fleet, housed in its original cardboard holder that says “Roy’s first” in reference to noted salvager Roy Volker. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

31


54. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2. 6.73 grams. Lustrous Mint

State with full but crude shield and cross, desirable as one of several coins found hidden in a bronze cannon recovered in 2010. From the Corrigans site of the 1715 Fleet, with photo-certificate and memory stick from the salvagers. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

57. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II, from the 1715 Fleet, encapsulated NGC AU 58. S-B24; KM14.2. Full but partially crude shield and cross, small flan, lustrous. From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

55. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2. 6.72 grams. Good full shield,

58. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles

off-center cross, lustrous Mint State, desirable as one of several coins found hidden in a bronze cannon recovered in 2010. From the Corrigans site of the 1715 Fleet, with photo-certificate and memory stick from the salvagers. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

II, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2. 6.73 grams. Choice Mint State

56. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, posthumous Charles II, from the 1715 Fleet. S-B24; KM-14.2. 6.77 grams. Full but slightly

59. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (17)24(S), (Louis I), with unidentified “JDT” countermark on cross side. S-B25a;

crude cross and shield, broad flan with sharp edge, Mint State with minor staining (as found). From the 1715 Fleet. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

with nice details, the shield way oversized and the cross slightly offcenter. From the 1715 Fleet, with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

KM-A25; CT-8. 6.63 gams. Bold date, nice full cross and shield, AXF with hint of old polishing, the countermark probably from a late-1800s collector whose initials were JDT. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

32


60. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)727(S).

63. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1735M, ex-Santa Fe collection. S-B26; KM-17.2; CT-391. 6.75 grams. Perfectly full date (rare

S-B25b;

Three-digit date outside full cross, bold mintmark F to left of full shield, problem-free VF. Estimate: $1,000$1,500. KM-17.2; CT-382. 6.49 grams.

thus), full but slightly doubled cross-and-tressure and shield, F to left and M to right, lustrous AU. Pedigreed to the Santa Fe collection (our Auction #10, lot #75). Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

61. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (17)29(S). S-B25b; KM-

17.2; CT-384. 6.70 grams. Choice bold cross and shield, full mintmark F to left, toned VF. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

64. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1738M, rare, from the Luz (1752), ex-Santa Fe collection. S-B26; KM-17.2; CT-394. 6.78 grams. One hundred percent full date (rare thus) outside of full

cross-and-tressure, full but slightly crude shield with F to left and M to right, lightly stained XF+, rare provenance. From the Luz (1752), and pedigreed to the Santa Fe collection (our Auction #10, lot #77). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

62. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1733M. S-B26; KM-17.2;

Terrifically full date (rare thus) outside full cross, full shield with clear M (reading inwards) to right, problem-free XF. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

CT-389. 6.67 grams.

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

65. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, 1743S, very rare, ex-

Lasser and Santa Fe collections. S-unl (B27); KM-unl (17.2); CT-unl.

6.75 grams. Bold full date (rare thus) outside of even bolder full cross,

full shield with clear F to left and S to right, clearly not assayer M and therefore the first coin to show that assayer S began in 1743 and not 1744 (unrecognized by Lasser), choice XF with luster. Pedigreed to the Lasser collection and to the Santa Fe collection (our Auction #10, lot #81). Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

33


66. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (1)746S, Philip V,

rare, ex-Lasser and Santa Fe collections. S-B27; KM-17.2; CT-400.

6.64 grams. Full date with repeated 6 due to doubling, full cross and

shield, bottom of king’s ordinal V (final year), crude edge with traces of mounting, AVF overall. Pedigreed to the Lasser collection and to the Santa Fe collection (our Auction #10, lot #82). Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

67. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 escudos, (17)49, assayer S-R, very rare. S-B27a; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 6.73 grams. Perfectly round flan (as

made), with full but slightly doubled and slightly off-center shield flanked by full R to right (very rare assayer-mark for this period, as most show only S), mintmark F above assayer S to left, full and wellcentered (but partially weak) cross with clear bottoms of 49 of date, toned XF. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

68. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 1 escudo, Philip V, assayer S, no

date in design (rare). 3.33 grams. Very interesting coin that clearly shows reverse legend REX.HISP, with no date at all, the cross-andtressure tiny but full and bold, also full but off-center shield with clear F mintmark to left, AXF overall. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Seville, Spain Charles-Joanna 69. Seville, Spain, 1 escudo, Charles-Joanna, * to left,

mintmark S to right. CT-58. 3.30 grams. Broad, thin flan as usual, with full legends, slightly weak interiors, AU with faint reddish toning. Estimate: $600-$900.

Philip II 70. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos, Philip II,

assayer Gothic D below mintmark S to left.

CT-11. 13.43 grams. XF with hint of luster, some weak

areas but otherwise with full shield and cross, bold S-D. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

34


71. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip II, assayer Gothic D below mintmark S to left. CT-11. 6.74 grams.

Lustrous UNC with choice full shield and cross, slightly crude edge (as made), Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Philip III 72. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, (16)16, assayer not

visible, rare (unlisted) date. CT-unl. 6.76 grams. Crudely struck VF with flat areas but clear date, good shield and tressure, odd shape. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

73. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer B. 6.67 grams. Broad, thin flan with full crown, full but partially flat

shield and cross, part of edge crude (as made), VF. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

74. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer D. 6.74 grams.

UNC with muted luster, nice full cross and shield, clear S-D. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

75. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer D. 6.70 grams. Good full cross but peripherally flat, VF with light toning. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

35


76. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer D. 6.72

79. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer not vis-

grams. Smallish flan with full and bold but off-center shield and cross,

ible. 6.75 grams. Nearly full shield and cross but struck from rusty dies, XF with sediment in crevices. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

XF with sediment, edge-crack. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

80. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer not visible. 5.77 grams. Trimmed around edge in its time, most of cross and

77. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer not shield despite flatness, VF. Estimate: $600-$900.

visible. 6.76 grams. Good full cross, some shield and crown despite much flatness, otherwise XF with sediment on fields. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

81. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip III, assayer B. 3.30

grams. Broad flan with good full shield and cross, nearly full crown, nicely toned XF. Estimate: $600-$900.

78. Seville, Spain, cob 2 escudos, Philip III, assayer not vis-

ible. 6.80 grams. Lustrous AU but crude strike as from rusty dies, full shield and off-center cross. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #17 Spring, 2015

82. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip III, assayer V. 3.32 grams, Good full shield and cross, full S-V, XF. Estimate: $600-$900.

36


83. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip III, assayer V. 3.32

87. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip III, assayer not vis-

in edge. Estimate: $500-$750.

luster. Estimate: $450-$675.

ible. 3.39 grams. Nice full shield, nearly full cross, XF+ with hint of

grams. Full shield, full but crudely struck cross, VF with small test-cut

84. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip III, assayer not visible. 3.36 grams. Good full cross, nearly full shield (crude), XF. Estimate:

$500-$750.

88. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip III, assayer not visible.

3.62 grams. Crude strike, with much flatness and weakness but most of cross and shield, Fine, curiously overweight. Estimate: $400-$600.

85. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip III, assayer not visible.

3.32 grams. Full but off-center shield and cross, XF, bold denomination I. Estimate: $500-$750.

89. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip III, assayer not visible. 3.32 grams. Off-center shield, incomplete cross, much peripheral flatness but no worse than VF for wear. Estimate: $400-$600.

Bid LIVE on the Internet at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com

86. Seville, Spain, cob 1 escudo, Philip III, assayer not vis-

ible. 3.34 grams. Good full cross, off-center shield, peripheral flatness and wrinkling, XF. Estimate: $500-$750.

37

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325


Charles II 90. Seville, Spain, cob

8 escudos, Charles II, assayer not visible. 26.94

grams. Typically very crude

but with most of shield and cross, bold denomination VIII reading UPWARDS, VF with fine edge-crack, bits of encrustation in crevices (probably salvaged). Estimate: $2,500$3,750.

91. Seville, Spain, cob 4 escudos, Charles II, assayer not visible. 12.64 grams. Choice full

cross-and-tressure, full but worn shield, the edge trimmed and damaged from mounting, otherwise Fine. Estimate: $600-$900.

38


World Gold Coins Belgium 92. Brabant, Habsburg Netherlands (Belgium), pieter d’or, Joanna and Wenceslas (1355-83). Fr-11. 4.04 grams. AU overall but with weak spot and scratches on face, light toning around details. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Bolivia (colonial) Busts

93. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1781PR. 95. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1799PP.

CT-147; KM-59. 26.89 grams. Red-toned XF with faint old scratch across bust. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

CT-106; KM-81. 26.91 grams. Lustrous

94. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV (laureate bust), 1791PR, very rare one-year type. CT-95; KM-77. 26.85

96. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1804PJ. CT-

grams. Lustrous AU/UNC with much luster, faint surface hairlines on

obverse only. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

XF+ with surface hairlines, light scratch on bust. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

111; KM-81. 26.99 grams. Lustrous UNC with light surface hairlines from conservation as from a hoard, light rose-gold color. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

97. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1806PJ. CT-

113; KM-81. 26.97 grams. Lustrous UNC with light surface hairlines from conservation as from a hoard, light rose-gold color. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

39


98. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1808PJ. CT-115; KM-

81. 27.00 grams. Lustrous UNC with light surface hairlines from conservation as from a hoard, light rose-gold color. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Brazil (colonial) João V

99. Brazil (Minas mint), 20000 reis, João V, 1725-MMMM. 100. Brazil (Minas mint), 12800 reis, João V, 1731-M, en-

R-O249; KM-117. 53.49 grams. Lustrous UNC with very minor bagmarks, popular as the largest legal-tender gold coin struck in colonial Americas, and struck for only four years (1724-1727) at just one mint (Minas). Estimate: $10,000-up.

capsulated NGC MS 62. R-O287a; KM-139. Lustrous, lightly toned

and completely blemish-free except for evidence of a rusty obverse die. Estimate: $7,000-up.

101. Brazil (Rio mint), 3200 reis, João V, 1727-

R, full edge, extremely rare (2 or 3 known), finest known. R-O186; KM-131. 6.97 grams. This choice specimen

grades XF+ in centers but more like UNC around the legends, which have original luster, complete rims, traces of die-clashing at top but no problems, much better than the RLM specimen in Fine grade. Estimate: $30,000-$45,000.

Maria I 102. Brazil (Rio mint), 6400 reis, Maria I, 1796-R, encapsulated

NGC AU 53. R-O534; KM-226.1. Lustrous but with too many bagmarks to reach Mint State with NGC, faint die-crack near right side on reverse. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

103. Brazil (Bahia mint), 4000 reis, Maria I, 1804. R-O502; KM-225.2.

8.03 grams. Lustrous UNC with very light surface hairlines, minor edge-flaw (as

made). Estimate: $1,500-up.

40


Jo達o Prince Regent

104. Brazil (Rio mint), 6400 reis, Jo達o Prince Regent, 1807-R. R-O557; KM-236.1. 14.35 grams. Superb luster, UNC with very light

surface hairlines. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

105. Brazil (Bahia mint), 4000 reis, Jo達o Prince Regent, 1809/8. R-unl. (cf. O548); KM-235.1. 7.97 grams. XF+ with attractive red toning, mark above denomination, slightly uneven strike. Estimate: $1,500-up.

106. Brazil (Rio mint), 4000 reis, Jo達o Prince Regent, 1812, encapsulated NGC MS 62. R-O572; KM-235.2. Bold strike and very clean fields but lacking the luster this grade might suggest. Estimate: $1,500-up.

Brazil (Empire) Pedro II

107. Brazil (Rio mint), 6400 reis, Pedro II (young bust),

1832-R.

R-O613; KM-387.1. 14.32 grams. Lustrous UNC with light surface hairlines, impressively flashy. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

108. Brazil, 20000 reis, Pedro II, 1853. R-O673a; KM-468. 17.92 grams. Lustrous UNC with minor bagmarks and very light surface hairlines. Estimate: $1,500-$3,000.

109. Brazil, 20000 reis, Pedro II, 1867. R-O686; KM-468. 17.92

110. Brazil, 5000 reis, Pedro II, 1855, encapsulated NGC

$1,500-up.

timate: $700-$1,000.

grams. Lustrous Mint State with minor bagmarks in fields. Estimate:

MS 62. R-O638; KM-470. Nice red color, choice strike and grade. Es-

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com or watch and bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com 41


Brazil (Republic of the United States of Brazil) 111. Brazil, 20000 reis, 1902, rare date. R-O722; KM-497. 17.80 grams. Lustrous UNC with minor bagmarks and very light surface hairlines. Estimate: $3,000-up.

Chile (colonial) Busts

112. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 1751J, 114. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV (bust of

encapsulated NGC MS 61, from the Luz (1752). CT-72; KM-3.

Charles III), 1798DA. CT-157; KM-54. 27.00 grams. Lustrous UNC

Nicer strike than usual (full central details), lustrous in legends. From the Luz (1752). Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

with light surface hairlines from conservation as from a hoard, laminations in front of bust. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

113. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 1751J, from the Luz (1752). CT-72; KM-3. Nice strike, minor staining

(as found) with underlying luster. From the Luz (1751). Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

115. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV (bust of Charles III), 1799DA. CT-158; KM-54. 26.93 grams. Lustrous UNC

with light surface hairlines from conservation as from a hoard, toned around details. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

116. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV (bust of

Charles III), 1804FJ. CT-166; KM-54. 26.78 grams. Lustrous UNC with light surface hairlines from conservation as from a hoard, toned around details. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

42


117. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV (bust of Charles III), 1804FJ. CT-166; KM-54. 27.01 grams. Lustrous UNC

120. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust

of Charles IV), 1813FJ. CT-120; KM-78. 27.00 grams. UNC with superb luster, light surface hairlines from conservation as from a hoard, off-center reverse, edge-split and diagonal scratch across bust. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

with light surface hairlines from conservation as from a hoard, minor lamination behind bust. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

118. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV (bust of Charles III), 1807FJ. CT-171; KM-54. 27.00 grams. Highly lustrous

UNC with light surface hairlines from conservation as from a hoard, minor lamination in front of face. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

121. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust of

Charles IV), 1814FJ. CT-122; KM-78. 26.99 grams. UNC with superb luster, light surface hairlines from conservation as from a hoard, minor lamination on shoulder. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

122. Santiago, Chile, bust 4 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 1750/5J, 119. Santiago, Chile, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust of

Charles IV), 1812FJ. CT-118; KM-78. 26.97 grams. UNC with superb luster, light surface hairlines from conservation as from a hoard, hairline flan-crack on bust. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

from the Luz (1752). CT-134; KM-2. 13.50 grams. Highly lustrous Mint State (somewhat prooflike) with typically weak face and crown, parts of rims slightly crude (as made). From the Luz (1752). Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

Chile (Republic) 123. Santiago, Chile, 1 peso, 1860. KM-133. 1.46 grams. XF with red toning, no problems.. Estimate: $100-$150.

43


Colombia (colonial) Busts

124. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles III (young bust), 1767JV, rare. Restrepo-71.9; CT-166; KM-41. 26.86 grams. Welldetailed XF, no problems for the grade, very presentable example of this rare type. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

125. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1794JF.

Restrepo-98.8; CT-72; KM-62.2. 26.88 grams. Lustrous AU with red toning, muted luster, small edge-nick. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

126. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1798JF.

Restrepo-98.16; CT-77; KM-62.2. 26.95 grams. Lustrous UNC with light surface hairlines from conservation as from a hoard, slightly crude rims (as made). From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

127. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1798JJ.

Restrepo-98.16; CT-128; KM-62.1. 26.97 grams. Red-toned XF, very attractive

for the grade. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

128. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1803JJ.

Restrepo-97.29; CT-137; KM-62.1. 26.94 grams. Lustrous AU with light sur-

face hairlines from conservation as from a hoard. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250$2,000.

44


129. Bogotรก, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1813/2JF, encapsulated NGC MS 64. strepo-127.14; CT-100; KM-66.1. Bold

Re-

strike and blazing luster, just a few bagmarks from perfection, tied for second finest known for 1813 and probably the only 1813/2 in a slab (overdate not noted inside slab). Estimate: $5,000-up.

130. Popayรกn, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII 132. Bogotรก, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII (bust

(bust of Charles IV), 1816FR, mintmark P.N., no dot before of Charles IV), 1819/8JF, very rare (unlisted), encapsulated mintmark. Restrepo-128.25; CT-86; KM-66.3. 27.00 grams. Lustrous AU NGC AU 58. Restrepo-unl. (cf. 127.32); CT-unl. (cf. 110); KM-unl. (cf. 66.1).

Lustrous and well struck except for top of reverse rim (crude, as made), no wear but bagmarks in field, faint but certain overdate that is significantly unlisted in Restrepo. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

with bagmarks, minor laminations on bust and parts of rims slightly crude (as made). Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

131. Popayรกn, Colombia, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII 133. Popayรกn, Colombia, bust 2 escudos, Charles III (bust (bust of Charles IV), 1816/6FR, mintmark P.N, no dot before of Ferdinand VI), 1767J, mintmark P.N. Restrepo-58.10; CT-497; mintmark, ex-Geiger collection. Restrepo-unl. (cf. 128.25); CT-86; KM- KM-36.2. 6.67 grams. Problem-free AVF with slightly crude rims (as 66.3. 26.89 grams. Lustrous AU with incipient toning in legends, minor

made), toning around details. Estimate: $350-$500.

graffiti on fields (letter R in front of face). Pedigreed to the Morris Geiger collection. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

45


134. Popayán, Colombia, bust 2 escudos, Charles III, 1780/9SF (not 80/79), rare. Restrepo-unl. (cf. 62.17); CT-unl. (cf. 510); KM-unl.

(cf. 49.2). 6.71 grams. Unlisted

overdate (with 0/9 but not 8/7), deeply red-toned VF, no problems. Estimate: $250-$375.

135. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 2 escudos, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1790/89JJ (not 90/80), rare. Restrepo-unl. (cf. 88.4); CT-unl. (cf. 408); KM-51.1. 6.71 grams. Unlisted overdate (with clear 90/89, not just 9/8), also with NR mintmark punched over another letter (F?), AU- with slightly weak centers, hint of luster, no problems. Estimate: $500-$750.

136. Popayán, Colombia, bust 2 escudos, Charles IV, 1791SF. Restrepo-90.2; CT-378; KM-60.2. 6.64 grams. Choice XF with attractive red toning, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $350-$500.

137. Popayán, Colombia, bust 2 escudos, Charles IV, 1795JF. Restrepo-90.6; CT-381; KM-60.2. 6.67

grams. Lustrous but lightly polished XF, starting to re-tone, unlisted (unique?) variety with the assayer J missing the upper-left serif. Estimate: $250-$375.

138. Popayán, Colombia, bust 1 escudo,

Charles III (bust of Ferdinand VI), 1767J, mintmark P.N, encapsulated NGC MS 63, finest known in NGC census. Restrepo-48.8; CT-669; KM-35. Lustrous

and perfectly struck except for parts of rims (slightly crude, as made), top grade in census by FIVE grades. Estimate: $1,500-up.

139. Popayán, Colombia, bust 1 escudo, Charles III (bust of Ferdinand VI), 1767J, mintmark P.N. Restrepo-48.8; CT-669; KM-35.

3.35 grams. Well-struck XF with toning around details and what appears to be whitish encrustation in crevices (so possibly salvaged). Estimate:

$350-$500.

140. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 escudo, Charles III, 1772VJ. Restrepo-52.2; CT-702; KM-48.1. 3.29 grams. Red-toned AVF with parts of

rims weak, no problems. Estimate: $175-$250.

141. Popayán, Colombia, bust 1 escudo, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV over III), 1789/8SF,

HISP•ET IND repunched. Restrepo-83.1a; CT-unl. (cf. 521); KM-54.2. 3.34 grams. AVF with red toning around details, major planchet-flaw (as made) below shield. Estimate: $175-$250.

142. Popayán, Colombia, bust 1 escudo, Charles IV transitional (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV over III), 1789/8SF. Restrepo-83.1; CT-unl. (cf. 521); KM-54.2. 3.27 grams. Fine+

with crude rims (as made), reddish sediment in crevices. Estimate: $150-$225.

143. Popayán, Colombia, bust 1 escudo, Charles IV, 1804JF. Restrepo-85.26; CT-536; KM-56.2. 3.43

grams. Lustrous Mint State (rare grade) with parts of rims crude (as made), broad flan, natural bulge in field

in front of face. Estimate: $400-$600.

46


144. Popayán, Colombia, bust 1 escudo, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1814/3JF, encapsulated NGC AU 50. Restrepo-123.12; CT-unl. (cf. 312); KM-64.2. Lustrous and probably Mint State (rare grade) but

with high points weakly struck and also bagmarked, parts of rims crude and natural flan-flaw at top. Estimate: $400-$600.

145. Popayán, Colombia, bust 1 escudo, Ferdinand VII (bust

of Charles IV), 1816FR, mintmark PN, encapsulated NGC XF 40. Restrepo-123.21; CT-unl.; KM-64.3. Minor marks but otherwise problemfree, parts of rims weak (as made). Estimate: $350-$500.

Colombia (Republic) 146. Popayán, Colombia, 16 pesos, 1838RU. Restrepo-212.3; KM82.2; Sed-19. 26.95 grams. Bagmarked XF with minute traces of luster, no problems. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

147. Popayán, Colombia, 1 escudo, 1824FM. Restrepo-162.3; KM-81.2; Sed-3. 3.00 grams. Lustrous (pol-

ished) UNC, nice strike. Estimate: $250-$375.

148. Popayán, Colombia, 10 pesos, 1858, encapsulated NGC MS 64, second finest known in NGC census. Restrepo-210.3; KM-122.2;

Sed-17. Highly

lustrous (almost prooflike) but typically crude, showing slight die-rust on obverse and die-polishing around details on reverse, choice grade. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

149. Medellín, Colombia, 5 pesos, 1928, encapsulated NGC MS 65. Restrepo-455.7; KM-204; Sed-54. Lustrous

and choice, with one bagmark behind neck. Estimate: $350-$500.

Denmark 150. Denmark, 20 kroner, Christian IX, 1873. KM-791.1. 8.96 grams. Lustrous Mint State with bagmarks in reverse fields. Estimate: $400-$600.

47


Ecuador

151. Quito, Ecuador, 8 escudos, 1842MV. KM-23.2. 26.75 grams. Lustrous UNC but with evidence of light cleaning, all details very bold and well struck, quite impressive in hand and also a highly sought type-coin, slightly off-center reverse. Estimate: $8,000-$12,000.

152. Ecuador (struck in Birmingham, England), 1 condor, 1928, encapsulated NGC MS 64. KM-74. Choice, lustrous and

problem-free. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

France 153. France, ecu d’or a la couronne, Charles VI, St. Pourcain mint (1388-94).

Fr-291. 3.99 grams. Broad-flan AU with minor wrinkle, full legends and inner details, hint of luster and toning. Estimate: $400-$600.

Great Britain 154. Great Britain (London, England), guinea, George I, 1719. Sp-3631; KM-546.1. 8.18 grams. Red-toned AVF with weak bust, no problems. Estimate: $500-$750.

48


155. Great Britain (London, England), guinea, George III, 1787. Sp-3729; KM-609. 8.33 grams. AXF with hint of toning and luster,

old mark in field at forehead. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

156. Great Britain (London, England), guinea, George III (3rd type), 17(??), rare as from the Lady Burgess (1806). Sp-3727; KM-600. 7.56 grams. AVF

with weak bust, half of reverse rim damaged from the wreck (second half of date missing as a result). From the Lady Burgess (1806), with Sedwick certificate from 2001, pedigreed to the Sotheby’s auction of December 2000, lot #485. Estimate: $200-up.

157. Great Britain (London, England), sovereign, Victoria (young head), 1864, from the Douro (1882). Sp-3853; KM-736.2. 7.99 grams. Problem-free AU with deep red toning and sediment. From the Douro (1882). Estimate: $300-$450.

158. Lot of 2 Great Britain gold sovereigns (1852 and 1876) and 1 Brazilian silver 500 reis (1860) from the Douro (1882), in promotional set. 6” x

2-1/2” x 1-1/4”. One of each type of sovereign (shield, St.

George slaying dragon), both lustrous AU, the silver coin with toned VF details, light surface corrosion. From the Douro (1882). Estimate: $800-$1,200.

Guatemala (Republic) 159. Lot of 3 Guatemala gold 4 reales, 1860R (2) and 1861R, Carrera. KM-135. 2.24 grams total. The 1860s are both XF, one with scratches, and the 1861 is lightly polished UNC. Estimate: $150-$225.

India (British) 160. Mysore, India, 1 pagoda, Haidar Ali (1761-82), from the Fame (1822). KM-546.1.

3.42 grams. Problem-free XF, scarce provenance. From the Fame (1822), with Sedwick certificate from

1998 (and others). Estimate: $350-$500.

Iran (Samanids) 161. Nishapur, Samanid Dynasty, dinar, Nasr II b. Ahmad (914-943 AD), dated AH316. 4.28 grams. AU with muted luster, minor verdigris, hint of slight wrinkling. Estimate: $150-$225.

49


Italian States 162. Venice, Italy, zecchino, Ludovicus Manin (1789-97). KM-C140. 3.53 grams. Mint State with much original luster, some speckles in field from rusty dies but otherwise quite nice for this common but popular issue. Estimate: $350-$500.

Mexico (colonial) Busts

163. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VI, 166. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII

1754MF.

transitional (“armored� bust), 1811JJ. CT-49; KM-160. 26.96 grams.

CT-42; KM-151. 26.81 grams. Lightly polished XF, no big problems, scarce type. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

Lustrous AU with light surface hairlines, minor central weakness, better assayer for the date. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

164. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 167. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 4 escudos, Philip V, 1736MF. 1788FM, mintmark and assayer facing inward.

CT-242; KM-135. 13.25 grams. Well-struck VF with minor marks per the grade. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

CT-112; KM-

156.2a. 26.94 grams. Nice XF with luster, light hairlines from old clean-

ing, weak strike in very centers but otherwise well struck. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

168. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1 escudo, Philip V, 1745MF, rare. CT-530; KM-113. 3.36 grams. Bold AXF with contrasting sediment

165. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV,

1799FM. CT-51; KM-159. 26.96 grams. AU with light surface hairlines

around details, small natural flaw on obverse rim. Estimate: $500$750.

and faint curlicue graffito behind neck, minor weakness of strike in centers. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

50


169. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1 escudo, Charles III, 1775FM.

CT-653; KM-118.2. 3.31 grams.

AU- with some original luster but fraught with marks as probably from salvage, tiny part of edge bent. Estimate: $200-$300.

170. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1 escudo, Charles III, 1779FF. CT-657; KM-118.2. 3.37 grams. Redtoned XF, nice strike, no problems for the grade. Estimate: $200-$300.

171. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2 escudo, Ferdinand VII, 1814JJ. KM112; CT-361. 1.69 grams. Bold XF with contrasting sediment around details, centrally weak but otherwise well struck. Estimate: $200-$300.

Mexico (Republic) 172. Mexico City, Mexico, 8 escudos, 1863/53CH. KM-383.9.

26.90 grams. Lustrous XF with weak centers as usual, nice red toning around details. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

173. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 escudos, 1863CH. KM-381.6. 13.50 grams. Red-toned XF with typically weak centers, lightly polished surfaces. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

Mozambique (under Portugal) 174. Mozambique (under Portugal), 2-1/2 maticaes, no rosette countermark (1835), rare.

KM-33. 14.27 grams. Typically crude VF+ (reverse weaker due to conçavity), the denomination still clear, faint

toning on field around the M, much rarer than the later issue with rosette countermark. Estimate: $3,000-up.

Netherlands (United) 175. Utrecht, United Netherlands, ducat, 1758. KM-7.4. 3.44 grams. Lustrous XF with faint hint

of wrinkling. Estimate: $250-$375.

Peru (colonial) Busts 176. Lima, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1794IJ. CT-11; KM-101. 26.97 grams. UNC with nice luster, light surface hairlines from

conservation as from a hoard, incipient toning around rims. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

51


177. Lima, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1796IJ. CT-13;

179. Lima, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1804JP. CT-24;

KM-101. 26.90 grams. Lustrous AU with slightly weak centers that have

KM-101. 27.03 grams. UNC with choice luster, light surface hairlines from conservation as from a hoard, adjustment marks on face and minor lamination on shield. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

178. Lima, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1804JP. CT-24;

180. Lima, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Charles IV, 1806JP. CT-27;

minor adjustment marks. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

UNC with choice luster, light surface hairlines from conservation as from a hoard, nice strike. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

KM-101. 26.93 grams. Highly lustrous UNC with light surface hairlines from conservation as from a hoard, laminations on cheek and on reverse, off-center strike. From the ca.-1820 South American “Andes hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

KM-101. 26.99 grams.

181. Cuzco, Peru, bust 8 escudos, Ferdinand VII, 1824G,

rare one-year type. KM-129.2; CT-4. 26.95 grams. Broad-flan AU- with minor lamination flaws, slightly crude obverse rim (the reverse also off-center), lustrous fields, very nice specimen of a highly sought type. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

Spain (Castile and León) 182. Seville, Spain (Castile and León), dobla de la banda, Juan II (1406-1454), broad flan. Fr-112. 4.62 grams. Choice AU with full details including legends, hint of luster and pink toning, impressively large. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

183. Seville, Spain (Castile and León), dobla de la banda,

Juan II (1406-1454), narrow flan. Fr-112. 4.52 grams. Non-toned XF, slightly grainy as struck from rusty obverse die, full legends despite small size. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

52


Spain Ferdinand-Isabel 184. Seville, Spain, double excelente, Ferdinand-Isabel, no assayer, mintmark

S and four dots between busts. CT-68. 6.94 grams. VF with contrasting toning around details, full legends and interiors, a few marks but nothing major. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Ferdinand VI 185. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Ferdinand VI, 1756JB. CT-254; KM-378. 1.77 grams. Problem-free AXF with hint of luster. Estimate: $150-$225.

Charles III 186. Seville, Spain, bust 8 escudos, Charles III, 1788C. CT-263; KM-

Bold VF+ with deep toning around details, parts of rims crude (as made) as struck slightly off-center, minor marks in fields. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

409.2a. 26.87 grams.

187. Madrid, Spain, bust 4 escudos, Charles III, 1780/79PJ. CT-304; KM-418.1. 13.40 grams. Deeply red-toned AXF with scratch in field in front of face (and other minor marks), lightly polished in its past. Estimate: $600-$900.

188. Madrid, Spain, bust 4 escudos, Charles III, 1786DV. CT-311; KM-418.1a. 13.24 grams. AU details but lightly polished, nice strike.

Estimate: $700-$1,000.

189. Madrid, Spain, bust 2 escudos, Charles III, 1786/4DV. CT-457; KM-unl. (cf. 417.1a). 6.66 grams. VF with weak bust, hint of toning around details. This overdate is supposed to show assayer DV/JD as well, but we can see no evidence of that on this coin, so it is probably a new variety without using the old reverse. Estimate: $250-$375. 190. Madrid, Spain, bust 1 escudo, Charles III, 1787DV. CT-629; KM-546.1. 3.31 grams. Problem-free VF

with toning around details. Estimate: $175-$250.

191. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III (young 193. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1774PJ.

bust), 1760JP. CT-753; KM-389.1. 1.75 grams. Bold VF+ with parts of rims slightly crude (as made). Estimate: $175-$250.

CT-768; KM-415.1. 1.77 grams. Bold strike, UNC details with light surface

192. Madrid, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1772PJ.

194. Seville, Spain, bust 1/2 escudo, Charles III, 1775CF.

hairlines, nice luster. Estimate: $200-$300.

Lightly polished XF+ with contrasting sediment around details, minor wrinkling. Estimate: $175-$250.

CT-798; KM-415.2. 1.67 grams.

CT-766; KM-415.1. 1.69 grams. Lightly red-toned and problem-free XF+,

first year of type. Estimate: $175-$250.

53


Charles IV 195. Madrid, Spain, bust 4 escudos, Charles IV, 1796MF. CT-205; KM-436.1. 13.56 grams. Lustrous UNC with light surface hairlines, spots of shiny dark residue on reverse, nice strike, very attractive. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

196. Madrid, Spain, bust 1 escudo, Charles IV, 1799MF. CT-498; KM-434. 3.28 grams. Fine with some

toning around details, probable mount-removal at top. Estimate: $175-$250.

United States of America 197. USA (Philadelphia mint), $20 coronet Liberty “double

eagle,” 1852, encapsulated NGC AU 53, from the SS Republic (1865), in presentation box. KM-74.1. 10-1/2” x 7-1/2” x 2-1/2”.

Heavily bagmarked but clearly without wear, some muted luster, popular provenance. From the SS Republic (1865), as stated inside the slab, with DVD and housed in a wooden presentation box. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

198. USA (New Orleans mint), $10 coronet Liberty “eagle,” 1847-O, encapsulated NGC AU 53, from the SS Republic (1865).

KM-66.2. Minor marks all over and some high points weak but with original luster and popular provenance. From the SS Republic (1865), as stated inside the slab. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

54


Shipwreck Ingots and Natural Nuggets Gold “Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk ca. 1550 in the northern Caribbean 199. Coin-like gold “tejuelo” ingot, fineness XX (20K), 27.76 grams, from the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550). Approx.

7/8” in diameter and 3/16” thick. Roundish pancake with naturally rounded edge and flat sides, one of which bears a clear and full fineness marking of XX in a box, with tiny spots of red in crevices but otherwise smooth, clearly intended to be a coin in absence of 8 escudos being struck at the time. The accompanying alloy analysis shows the presence of six trace elements, characteristic of old gold as opposed to modern, more-refined gold. From the “Golden Fleece wreck” (ca. 1550), with small print-out of alloy percentages by an XRF analyzer. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

Natural Nuggets

200. Large gold mineral specimen from a mine in the Do- 201. Large gold mineral specimen from a mine in the Do-

minican Republic, 140 grams. Approx. 2” x 1-1/2” x 3/8”. Thick, flat chunk with ragged edge, as found, very little quartz matrix remaining. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

minican Republic, 136 grams. Approx. 1-1/2” x 1-1/2” x 3/4”. A nice, solid mound of crystalline gold with traces of quartz matrix on one side only. Estimate: $6,000-$9,000.

55


202. Gold nugget from a river in the Dominican Republic, 100 grams.

Approx. 1-1/2” x 1” x 3/4”. Rather large for a river nugget, with smooth surfaces but irregular shape. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

203. Gold nugget from a river in the Dominican Republic, 22.89 grams. Approx. 3/4” x 1/2” x 5/16”. Attractively bean-shaped nugget with smooth surface except

for depressed area containing clayey sediment. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

204. Gold nugget from a river in the Dominican Republic, 25.70 grams.

Approx. 1” x 3/4” x 5/16”. Flattish oval nugget with mostly smooth surface pocked with

depressed areas containing gray matrix. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

205. Lot of 3 gold nuggets from a river in the Dominican Republic, 27.67 grams total. Each about 7/8” long. Typical nuggets with mostly smooth surfaces around

pits with original matrix. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

206. Lot of 93.73 grams of small gold nuggets from a river in the Domini-

can Republic. One decent-sized nugget but the rest mostly little flakes. Estimate:

$4,000-$6,000.

207. Lot of 77.88 grams of small gold nuggets from a river in the Dominican Republic. One decent-sized nugget but the rest mostly little flakes. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

208. Lot of 29.07 grams of small gold nuggets from a river in the Dominican Republic. One decent-sized nugget but the rest mostly little flakes. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

209. Gold nugget from the Feather River in California, 44.59 grams. Approx. 1-3/8” x 1” x 1/4”. Irregular shape, the surface rough but not heavily pitted, the source river in the Sacramento Valley well known for its 19th-century mining history. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

56


Silver

Unidentified ca.-1554 wreck off Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

210. Silver “splash” ingot with broken edges, one full tax stamp (clear and readable), 1151 grams, from an unidentified ca.-1554 wreck off Santo Domingo. Approx. 6-1/2” x 6-1/2” x 1/4”. Flat, slightly bent sheet of silver with edges broken off in its time, its scattered cracks showing the stress of breakage, lightly encrusted on one side and darkly toned on the other, the latter showing a full and very clear tax stamp that shows a right-facing head and PLVS VLTRA in and among two pillars, a known marking for Mexico under Charles I. From an unidentified ca.1554 wreck off Santo Domingo. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

211. Silver “splash” ingot

with broken edges, one full tax stamp, 1750 grams, from an unidentified ca.1554 wreck off Santo Domingo. Approx. 9” x 7” x 1/2”.

Flat and bent and with lots of cracks from the stress of breakage, as pieces all around the edge have been broken off, with one side encrusted but the other toned and pocked with curious chisel-marks from its time, the full tax stamp somewhat obscured as a result. From an unidentified ca.-1554 wreck off Santo Domingo. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

57


Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

212. Large silver bar #668, 80 lb 9.6 oz troy, Class Factor 1.0, from the Atocha (1622). About 14” x 5” x 3”. This is one of the nicest Atocha “loaves” of silver we have ever offered, with all markings clear and bold, including fineness IIUCCCLXXX (2380/2400) to left of intricate assayer-mark for Juan Sánchez Mexía, manifest number DCCLVIII, two circular tax stamps, foundry/date Po1622, owner/shipper marks in monogram and silvermaster mark V, also with double-scoop assayer’s “bite” near center, corrosion-free and attractively toned in the details. From the Atocha (1622), with original Fisher photo-certificate #85A-S668. Estimate: $25,000-up.

213. Thin silver bar #922, 1568 grams, fineness IIUCCCLXXX (2380/2400), from the Atocha (1622). About 13” long, 2” wide

and 5/8” thick. Unusually thin (hence not a “barreton”) with more pits on top than usual (as made), clear fineness and partial tax stamps (at least three), not much corrosion but assigned Class Factor 0.6. From the Atocha (1622), with Fisher photo-certificate. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

58


Spanish 1733 Fleet, Florida Keys

214. Silver “wedge” ingot, 719 grams, from the 1733 Fleet, 215. Small silver ingot (contraband and/or melted coins), ex-McKee Museum. Approx. 4” x 3” x 2”. Typically thick pie-shape but darkly oxidized and with rusty sediment all over as uncleaned, desirable pedigree. From the 1733 Fleet, pedigreed to the Art McKee Museum and our Auction #8, lot #420. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

83.16 grams, from the 1733 Fleet. Approx. 2-1/2” x 2” x 3/16”.

Thin, flat and somewhat round, with one side rough and the other with mound of gray, shelly encrustation. From the 1733 Fleet (Infante site), and pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection, also pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #255. Estimate: $350-$500.

Shipwreck Silver Coins “Golden Fleece wreck,” sunk ca. 1550 in the northern Caribbean

216. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer oPo to right, mintmark oMo to left. Ne-

smith-26/26 for type; S-M4; KM-17. 10.93 grams. Clear inner details and nearly full legends despite peripheral corrosion, richly toned all over. Estimate: $250-$375.

217. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer G at bottom between pillars, rare. Nesmith-10a/10;

S-M2; KM-11. 6.01 grams. Full, round flan with much legend and clear pillars and bold assayer G despite moderate surface corrosion, darky toned all over. Estimate: $400-$600.

218. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer G to right, mintmark M to left. Nesmith-50e; S-M5; KM-18. 13.08 grams. Very broad flan that extends past the full legends, AU inner details but with slight hint of surface corrosion, mostly toned. Estimate: $250-$375.

59


219. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer A to left, mintmark M to right. Nesmith-62 for type;

S-M6; KM-18. 13.11 grams. Broad flan with full legends, AU details, nice strike, some dark toning and surface oxidation. Estimate: $300-$450.

220. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark M to left. Nesmith-86;

S-M9; KM-18. 12.70 grams. Bold

AU details all over enhanced by nicely contrasting toning, full legends, very light surface corrosion. Estimate: $300-$450.

Spanish 1554 Fleet off Padre Island, Texas 221. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer R, PLVSVLT in oval banner, rare. Nesmith-4 for type; S-M1; KM-10. 2.61 grams. Very thin from cor-

rosion yet with bold details on both sides, nearly full legends but struck off-center, some dark toning around details. Estimate: $350-$500.

Unidentified ca.-1554 wreck off Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 222. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer

F to right, extremely rare. Nesmith-16 for type; S-M3; KM-17. 11.83 grams. Bold full pil-

lars and legends and denomination, some dark areas and moderate surface corrosion. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

223. Lot of 4 Mexico City,

Mexico, 4 reales, CharlesJoanna, “Late Series,” assayers G and L. Nesmith-50,

82 and 86 for types; KM-18. 50.00

grams total. Nice XF details all over (and full legends) despite light surface corrosion, mostly attractively toned. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

60


224. Lot of 4 Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayers G and L. Nesmith-49b, 81, 89 and 93 for types; KM-12. 24.95 grams total. Nice XF details all over (and full legends) despite light surface corrosion, mostly attractively toned. Estimate: $600-$900.

Santiago, sunk in 1585 on the Bassas da India atoll between Mozambique and Madagascar (east of Africa) 225. Lot of 7 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4R (4) and 2R (3), Philip II, assayer O (where visible). S-M11. 66.10 grams total. Decent full shields and crosses despite light to moderate corrosion, some with trimmed and smoothed edges for mounting. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $400-$600.

226. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer not visible (style of 3rd-period B). S-P10; KM-5.1; CT-158. 24.94 grams. Broad flan with much legend and crown, moderate surface corrosion, toning in crevices. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150.

227. Seville, Spain, 4 reales, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer not visible, rare as from this wreck. 12.13 grams. Full shield and yoke-andarrows plus much legend despite surface corrosion, toning in crevices. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150. 228. Toledo, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer not visible. 25.24 grams. Broad flan with full crown, full shield and cross and some legend despite surface corrosion, faint tan toning all over. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150.

229. Lot of 12 Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Gothic D (where visible). 251.27 grams total. Decent full shields

and crosses despite light to moderate corrosion, some with trimmed and smoothed edges for mounting. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

230. Large lot of 45 Seville, Spain, cob 8R, 4R and 2R, Philip II, assayer Gothic D (where visible). 527 grams total. Decent full

shields and crosses despite light to moderate corrosion, nearly all with trimmed and smoothed edges for mounting. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

Unidentified ca.-1590 wreck off the Yucatán peninsula of Mexico 231. Lot of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna,

“Late Series,” assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. S-M10; KM-18; CT-88. 27.51 grams total. Solid and uncorroded coins (AU details)

with nice toning, patches of whitish encrustation. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $350-$500.

232. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd

period). S-P10; KM-5.1; CT-158. 26.31 grams. Good full shield and cross, some legend and crown despite weak spots and minor pits, otherwise quite solid. Estimate: $125-$200.

61


Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida Mexico

235. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (161)8/7D/F, Grade

2, very rare. S-M18; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 7.06 grams. Bold full 8/7 of date (first example we have heard of ), choice full crown and shield and cross despite moderate corrosion, also nicely toned. With Fisher/Sinclair certificate #193043. Estimate: $350-$500.

233. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer D,

Grade 2. S-M18; KM-44.3. 25.50 grams. Bold oMD and full shield and cross, flat peripheries, light surface corrosion, lightly toned all over. With Fisher certificate #104684. Estimate: $300-$450.

236. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1 real, 1620/19D, Grade 1,

234. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer

not visible, Grade 2. KM-44.3. 19.23 grams. Choice full cross, full but weak shield, flat peripheries, odd shape due to corrosion, toned all over. With Fisher certificate #177018. Estimate: $350-$500.

very rare. S-M18; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 3.14 grams. Incredibly full and bold date with backward z for the number 2 and very clear overdate (first example we have seen), full mintmark and choice shield and cross (both off-center), no corrosion, beautifully toned. With Fisher certificate #95A-1068 and Budde-Jones booklet (2nd ed., 1993). Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Lima 237. Lima, Peru, 2 reales, Philip II,

assayer R (Rinc贸n) to right (very rare), motto PL-VSV-L, obverse legend ending in HISPA-, Grade 1. S-L1; KM-8; CT-484.

6.47 grams. Corrosion-free and nicely toned

on fields, broad flan with most of legend and all inner details clear, just somewhat worn, far rarer than the variety with R to left and one of very few of this type known from this wreck. With Fisher certificate #94A-10022 and Budde-Jones booklet (2nd ed., 1993). Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

62


Potosí 8R

238. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th 241. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th period), Grade-1 quality (22 points on certificate), with old, hand-signed Fisher certificate. S-P14. 23.76 grams. Full P-B

period), Grade 2. S-P14. 26.50 grams. Full P-B and shield and cross with some weak areas but no corrosion to speak of, lightly toned all over. With Fisher certificate #161811, pedigreed to our Auction #4, with original lot-tag #250. Estimate: $350-$500.

next to nice full shield, full but weak cross, light surface corrosion here and there, dark encrustation around edge, desirable certificate. With hand-signed Fisher photo-certificate #4297 dated May 13, 1976. Estimate: $400-$600.

242. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R

(curved leg), Grade 1, with tag but original certificate miss-

239. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer not ing. S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. 25.14 grams. Choice full shield and cross, some visible (5th-period B), borders of x’s, Grade 1, with tag but certificate missing. S-P14. 26.62 grams. Solid and choice, with full

legend, corrosion on part of edge only. With Fisher tag #213953 and photocopy of original certificate. Estimate: $300-$450.

and uncorroded shield and cross, nicely toned, part of king’s name bold. With Fisher tag #262675. Estimate: $200-$300.

243. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R

(curved leg), Grade 2. S-P15; KM-10; CT-126. 24.43 grams. Broad flan

240. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th with much legend and full shield and cross but part of edge cracked period), borders of x’s, Grade 2. S-P14. 24.23 grams. Full and well-

detailed shield and cross despite light surface corrosion, also nearly full crown. With Fisher certificate #169861. Estimate: $400-$600.

and corroded, no toning. With Fisher certificate #125470, pedigreed to our Auction #4, with original lot-tag #253. Estimate: $350-$500.

63


247. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer M,

244. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q, Grade

1. S-P17; KM-10; CT-124. 26.21 grams. Choice full shield with bold P-Q (slightly doubled), also nice full cross, light surface corrosion near part of edge only, attractively toned on fields. With Fisher certificate #176149. Estimate: $500-$750.

Grade-1 quality (22 points on certificate), with old, handsigned Fisher certificate. S-P18; KM-10; CT-123. 25.36 grams. Choice full cross, full but crude and off-center shield, light surface corrosion, toned around edge, desirable certificate. With hand-signed Fisher photocertificate #4307 dated May 13, 1976. Estimate: $400-$600.

245. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q, Grade

2. S-P17; KM-10; CT-124. 25.67 grams. Full but doubled shield and cross, uneven thickness (especially around the edge), minimal corrosion. With Fisher certificate #106529. Estimate: $350-$500.

248. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (161)7M, Grade 2 (“20

points”). S-P19; KM-10; CT-129. 19.63 grams. Full 7 of date, bold full

cross, full but weaker shield, with surface corrosion and pieces of edge lost. With Fisher certificate #118845. Estimate: $500-$750.

246. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q, Grade

2, with tag but original certificate missing. S-P17; KM-10; CT-124.

25.34 grams. Bold P-Q, full shield and cross, light surface corrosion and

brownish toning all over. With original Fisher tag #219001. Estimate: $200-$300.

249. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1617M, Grade 3, with

tag but original certificate missing.

S-P19; KM-10; CT-129. 11.25 grams. Full shield and cross and date but all a bit fuzzy from moderate

corrosion. With original Fisher tag #133933. Estimate: $150-$225.

250. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1619T, Grade 1. S-P21; KM-

10; CT-133. 26.67 grams. Very bold date (best you can hope for), also bold P+T, and full shield and cross, practically corrosion-free, but with central weakness and flan-crack (stable), lightly toned all over. With Fisher certificate #260580. Estimate: $600-$900.

64


251. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (161)9T, Grade 1. S-P21;

KM-10; CT-133. 26.87 grams. Very clear long tail of 9 of date, full shield and cross, squarish flan with silvery, lightly corroded surfaces. With Fisher certificate #214874, pedigreed to our Auction #4, with original lot-tag #262. Estimate: $500-$750.

252. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1621T, upper half of shield transposed, Grade 1. S-P21; KM-10. 26.60 grams. Clear date despite light surface corrosion, the bold cross off-center, full but slightly doubled shield, no toning. With Fisher certificate #105739, pedigreed to our Auction #4, with original lot-tag #269. Estimate: $500-$750.

253. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible, Grade 1. KM-10. 23.51 grams. Good full shield and cross (both well centered), localized corrosion, lightly toned all over. With Fisher certificate #206218. Estimate: $400-$600.

Potosí 8R group lots 254. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayers Q, M and T (where visible), Grade 1. KM-10. 113.43 grams total.

Good full shields and crosses, some with corrosion but mostly solid. With Fisher certificates #135228, 208576, 218772, 261431 and 263466. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

255. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayers Q, M and T (all visible), Grade 2. KM-10. 117.19 grams total. Good full shields and crosses, most with corrosion but all solid. With Fisher certificates #134068, 146546, 152308, 154868 and 157392. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

256. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayers R (curved leg) and T (where visible), Grade 2. KM-10. 119.12 grams total. Good full shields and crosses, most with corrosion but all solid. With Fisher certificates #124361, 136025, 141600, 159633 and 191709. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

257. Lot of 5 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer T or not visible, Grade 2. KM-10. 120.16 grams total. Good full shields and crosses, most with corrosion but all solid. With Fisher certificates #124299, 173812, 181377, 183004 and 184949. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

258. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayers R (curved leg) and T, Grade 2, with original tags but certificates missing. KM-10. 48.35 grams total. Full shields and crosses, one silvery but the other toned, both with light to moderate corrosion but still very solid. With Fisher tags #160758 and 170612. Estimate: $400-$600.

65


259. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer M visible on one, Grade-1 and Grade-3 quality but no cer-

tificates or tags. KM-10. 46.54 grams total. Full shields and crosses, the better one nearly corrosion-free but double-struck, the corroded one with off-center cross but nicely toned. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $150-$225.

260. Lot of 12 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, various assayers (where visible), all Grade 3. KM-10. 231 grams total.

All moderately to heavily corroded but with some good details, all with at least decent shields and crosses. With Fisher certificates #155277, 155383, 155711, 156903, 158652, 160044, 160299, 160388, 160702, 161005, 168814 and 168834. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

Potosí 4R

261. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer R (curved leg), Grade 1.

Full but partially flat shield and corroded cross, no toning. With Fisher certificate #245558. Estimate: $400-$600. S-P15; KM-9; CT-244. 11.29 grams.

262. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer Q, Grade

2. S-P17; KM-9; CT-243. 12.77 grams. Bold Q and full cross, the shield

also full but with surface corrosion, minor edge-crack. With Fisher certificate #147190. Estimate: $400-$600.

264. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer T, Grade

3. S-P21; KM-9. 10.76 grams. Bold full shield, full but corroded cross, nice toning. With Fisher certificate #148147. Estimate: $200-$300.

265. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible, “9 points” (Grade 3?), with old, hand-signed Fisher certificate. KM-9. 9.37 grams. Good cross but otherwise rather crude from corrosion and deep toning, desirable for its old certificate and original holder. With original cardboard holder and hand-signed certificate #3414 from 1976. Estimate: $250-$375.

Potosí 4R group lots 266. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer T or not visible, Grade 2. KM-9. 32.92 grams total. Good full shields and crosses despite light to moderate corrosion. With Fisher certificates #116785, 173286 and 175121. Estimate: $900-$1,350.

267. Lot of 4 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II and III, various assayers (where visible), Grades 2 (one), 3 (two) and 4 (one), the Grade 2 with original tag but lacking the certificate.

263. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (1618)PAL, Grade 1, rare.

S-P20; KM-9. 12.04 grams. Full PAL assayer and ANOD in legend, good full shield and cross, very light surface corrosion. With Fisher/Sinclair photo-certificate #264722 and 1996 Karen McKee sales receipt for $1400. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

39.62 grams total. Decent shields and crossed despite corrosion, mostly solid. With Fisher certificates #132872, 154553 and 160690 and tag #163922. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

66


Potosí 2R 268. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer A/B, Grade 1, rare.

S-P11;

Broad flan with full crown, much legend, full inner details (including a bold A/B), mostly nicely toned and 100% corrosion-free. With Fisher certificate #231603. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

KM-3.2. 6.72 grams.

Santa Margarita, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida 269. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer not visible, Grade 2, with tag but original certificate missing. KM-44.3.

24.25 grams. Broad, thick flan with full shield and cross, bold denomination

8, king’s ordinal III, some surface corrosion, silvery. With Fisher tag #87M137699. Estimate: $200-$300.

“Dry Tortugas wreck,” sunk ca. 1622 off the Dry Tortugas, west of Key West, Florida 270. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (16)22(D), rare. SM18a; KM-38; CT-690. 10.15 grams. Bold date and mintmark, nearly full

shield and cross but peripherally flat, light surface corrosion. With original certificate #90-1A-628.0057. Estimate: $200-$300.

São José, sunk in 1622 off Mozambique, west of Africa Mexico

272. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer oD 271. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer O to below denomination 8 to right (assayer F below mintmark

left below mintmark oM. S-M11; KM-43; CT-156. 25.12 grams. Choice full crown and shield and cross, bold denomination 8, light surface corrosion but nicely contrasting toning. With NGC tag #1973779002, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

oM to left), rare. S-M14; KM-43; CT-155. 23.24 grams. Full and well-

detailed shield with clear 8-oD to right, decent full cross, some corrosion around edge and some toning. With NGC tag #1973965041, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $300-$450.

67


273. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer oF

276. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)614(F), very rare.

below mintmark M to left, very rare. S-M13; KM-43. 23.57 grams.

Clear date, nice full crown and shield and cross despite some surface corrosion, good toning. With NGC tag #1973965008, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $350-$500.

S-M17; KM-44.3; CT-95. 24.46 grams.

Bold MoF to left of choice full shield, decent but corroded full cross (also slightly off-center), first specimen of the oF assayer we have seen in a long time and the only one we know of from this wreck. With NGC tag #1973524028, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $350-$500.

277. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1615F, very rare.

274. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1608A/F, rare. S-M16;

KM-44.3; CT-89. 18.51 grams. Very full and bold date and oMA/F, good

full cross and shield, nicely contrasting toning, but small pieces of edge missing from corrosion. With NGC tag #1974067009, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $350-$500.

S-M17; KM-44.3; CT-96. 25.03 grams. Clear date with last digit like a backwards 2, good full shield and cross, peripheral corrosion and weak strike, black and tan toning, roundish flan. With NGC tag #1973908022, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $300-$450.

275. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)13F, very rare. 278. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1619D, rare. S-M18;

Clear bottom half of 13 of date (missing in Calbet贸), bold full oMF and shield, full but corroded cross, flat peripheries. With NGC tag #1973506033, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $300-$450. S-M17; KM-44.3; CT-94. 24.12 grams.

68

Broad, solid flan with choice full date, oMF, shield and cross, peripherally flat, very light tan toning all over. With NGC tag #1973779036, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $350-$500.

KM-44.3; CT-116. 24.61 grams.


279. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (162)0/9D, very rare.

S-M18; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 25.05 grams. Bold full shield, good full cross, clear

oMD but weak date, light surface corrosion, nicely contrasting toning. With NGC tag #1973918014, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

280. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)20D, rare. S-M18;

KM-44.3; CT-117. 25.91 grams. Bold full 0 of date, full but partially weak

crown and shield and cross, extensive peripheral flatness but minimal corrosion, patchy dark toning. With NGC tag #1973524038, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $300-$450.

281. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (16)19D, very rare. S-M18; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 11.64 grams. Full oMD and 19 of date (first specimen we have recorded), choice full cross and shield with contrasting toning, some corrosion on surfaces and parts of edge. With NGC tag #1973950005, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

Lima 282. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-8 to left, *-oD to right. S-L4; KM-14; CT-146. 16.16 grams.

Typically fine details all over, all visible but with moderate corrosion throughout, lightly toned, somewhat thin and underweight. With NGC tag #1975907005, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

Potosí

283. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer C, rare.

S-P16; KM-10. 25.26 grams. Full and bold P-C, good full shield and cross,

light corrosion and peripheral flatness but quite solid overall. With NGC tag #1973903023, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

284. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1617M. S-P19; KM-10; CT-129.

23.97 grams. Bold full date, good full cross and shield despite light surface corrosion, patchy tan toning. With NGC tag #1974067027, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $300-$450.

69


285. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 161(8)PAL, rare.

KM-10; CT-130. 24.23 grams. Good

286. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)20T. S-P21; KM-10; CT-

S-P20;

full cross and shield, full but messy assayer, partial date, parts of edge corroded, rusty brown toning. With NGC tag #1973581050, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $300-$450.

Very bold and choice full cross with bold date as well, full but lightly corroded shield, minor dark spots. With NGC tag #1974056018, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $300-$450.

137. 25.75 grams.

Spain

289. Toledo, Spain, cob 4 reales, 1617V. CT-302. 12.58 grams.

287. Seville, Spain, cob 8 reales, (1)610, assayer not visible,

rare (unlisted). CT-unl. (Type 67). 23.27 grams. Broad but uneven flan

Solid and virtually uncorroded coin with all central details full plus a full date as .1.6.1.7., oT.V, king’s ordinal IIII, no toning. With NGC tag #1974065037, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

288. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, 1612V. CT-277. 9.67 grams. Broad

290. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, 1620G, unique as struck from 2R dies. CT-286. 12.95 grams. Full shield with bold .S.G. and

with clear date (unlisted in CT), good full shield and cross, deep violet toning, minimal corrosion. With NGC tag #1973904026, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

flan with very bold full date, full cross and shield, king’s ordinal III, S-V and denomination IIII, lightly corroded but nicely toned. With NGC tag #1974065046, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

clear denomination II, also full cross with bold date, very light surface corrosion only, lightly toned. With NGC tag #1973914003, certificate, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

70


Large Lots 291. Large lot of clumps (40+/-) and individual uncleaned (23+/-) cob 8R and 4R, mints of Mexico, Potosí and Spain.

About 5-3/4 lb av total. Generally moderately to heavily corroded coins in mostly two- and three-coin clumps, many still encrusted (some green and orange), a few with clear coin details, worth a close look (great for promotional resale). With tags, DVD and booklet from the salvagers. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $5,000-up.

292. Huge lot of about 350 cob 8R, mints of Mexico, Potosí and Spain, average quality. About 14-1/2 lb av total. Mostly welldetailed but corroded coins, all completely cleaned, great quantity for promotions or stock. With DVD and booklet from the salvagers. Estimate: $10,000-up.

Campen, sunk in 1627 off the Isle of Wight, south of England 293. Holland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1589.

26.73 grams. Choice, full uncorroded AXF details on both sides, hint

of toning. With generic certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $125$200.

71


“Lucayan Beach wreck,” sunk ca. 1628 off Grand Bahama Island

294. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)24/3D. S-M18a; 295. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer D. Full 4/3 of date, clear oMD, technically full but partially weak cross and shield, no corrosion but very uneven in thickness. Estimate: $125-$200.

KM-45; CT-314. 27.06 grams.

S-M18a; KM-45. 27.32 grams. Large, uncorroded flan with full shield and cross and oMD, peripheral flatness and unevenness as usual, deeply toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

San Estevan, sunk in the 1630s off Portugal 296. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer TR (1630s). S-P27; KM-19a. 26.74 grams. Full shield and cross, the latter somewhat weak, no corrosion but

many dark patches as not completely cleaned, rare provenance. Estimate: $125-$200.

Concepción, sunk in 1641 off Hispaniola

297. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)40(P).

S-M19;

Solid coin with minor corrosion only on very edge, full but rather weak shield and cross, nice toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

KM-45; CT-336. 25.65 grams.

298. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P. S-M19; KM-45. 25.79 grams. Good full cross, full shield and oMP, minimal

surface corrosion, nice urn shape. Estimate: $100-$150.

299. Large, coral-encrusted clump of about 17 Mexico City,

Mexico, cob 4 reales, probably all Philip IV, assayer P. 620

grams. Big mass of whitish coral with silvery (partially cleaned) coins peeking out at all angles, the coins all quite solid in appearance but the main value in its uniquely beautiful display. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

72


300. Coral-encrusted clump of about 17-18 Mexico City,

Mexico, cob 4 reales, probably all Philip IV, assayer P. 338 grams. Spread-out pile of coins with whitish coral all over, spots of black, a couple of the coins (cleaned and silvery) with canvas imprint from original bag, an attractive and desirable display. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

301. Coral-encrusted clump of about 17-18 Mexico City,

Mexico, cob 4 reales, probably all Philip IV, assayer P, two of the coins separated. 341 grams. A coral-impregnated row of

three tight stacks of coins, all solid in appearance and one with bold full shield, great display whose two loose coins can be glued back on if desired. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

302. Clump of 2 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip

IV, probably assayer P. 43.96 grams. Solid but surface-corroded coins with small pieces of coral in between and outside, both coins with cross side out. Estimate: $250-$375.

303. Lot of 20 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (where visible). 503 grams total. Generally good full shields and crosses with light or minimal corrosion, solid coins with nice toning, typical shapes. With original, hand-signed Burt Webber certificates. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

304. Lot of 20 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (where visible). 509 grams total. Generally good full shields and crosses with light or minimal corrosion, solid coins with nice toning, typical shapes. With original, hand-signed Burt Webber certificates. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

305. Lot of 20 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (where visible). 513 grams total. Generally good full shields and crosses with light or minimal corrosion, solid coins with nice toning, typical shapes. With original, hand-signed Burt Webber certificates. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

306. Lot of 20 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (where visible). 511 grams total. Generally good full shields and crosses with light or minimal corrosion, solid coins with nice toning, typical shapes. With original, hand-signed Burt Webber certificates. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

307. Lot of 20 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P (where visible). 508 grams total. Generally good full shields and crosses with light or minimal corrosion, solid coins with nice toning, typical shapes. With original, hand-signed Burt Webber certificates. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

308. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)629(T), heavy-dot borders, denomination 8, rare as from this wreck. S-P26; KM19a; CT-470. 26.56 grams. Bold full date, full but doubled cross, nearly full shield with bold dot-8-dot to right, toned over silvery surfaces (minimal corrosion), small edge-split. With generic certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

73


309. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible (style of assayer E), mintmark RN (late 1620s), rare, ex-Lasser. Restrepo-M45.3; S-C3; KM-3.4. 23.77 grams. Choice

full shield and cross despite light surface corrosion, weak but certain mintmark, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Joseph Lasser collection. Estimate: $750-$1,100.

310. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 8 reales, (16)32A, quadrants of 311. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer E, cross transposed, rare, ex-Lasser. Restrepo-M44-12 (date not listed); S-B5.

22.33 grams. Good full shield and cross (moderate surface corrosion),

clear date, dark toning, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Joseph Lasser collection. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

C+E to right (1630s), rare. Restrepo-M36.8; S-C3; KM-2.4. 11.10 grams.

Nice full shield with bold denomination IIII to left, corroded cross, nicely toned, odd shape with diagonal axis. Pedigreed to our Auction #5, with original lot-tag #215. Estimate: $350-$500.

Capitana, sunk in 1654 off Chanduy, Ecuador Shield-type

312. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)50O, with crowned-

dot-F-dot countermark on shield. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-509. 24.07 grams. Clear date, full shield and cross and countermark, bold 8-O to

right, nice toning, minimal corrosion. Estimate: $150-$225.

313. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651O, with crowned-L

countermark on cross. S-P35; KM-19b; CT-510. 26.11 grams. Broad flan, off-center strike with full but messy date and countermark, decent full shield and crown (just a bit weak), king’s name and ordinal, large edge-split, minimal corrosion. With (generic) certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225.

314. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1650-1)O, with crowned-

L countermark on cross. S-P35; KM-19b. 23.92 grams. Nice cross with 100% full countermark, full but lightly corroded shield with full P-O to left, edge-crack, toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

74


315. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1651E, with crowned-O

countermark on cross. S-P36; KM-19b; CT-511. 23.71 grams. Good full shield and cross (the former lightly corroded), clear date and countermark, edge-crack, toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

316. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)51E, with crowneddot-F-dot (with two dots above crown) countermark on shield. S-P36; KM-19b; CT-511. 27.54 grams. Broad flan with nearly full legends, choice full details all over, bold date and countermark, no corrosion, nice toning, two edge-splits. Estimate: $250-$375.

317. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (1649-51)O, no countermark (rare). S-P35; KM-17b. 13.82 grams. Solid and uncorroded, with bold P-O, full but off-center and partially weak shield and cross, two flat areas, minor edge-split, light olive toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

Pillars-and-waves

318. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E post-transitional

(Type VIII/B), rare error with pillars side struck from 4R die, 1-PH-6 at top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-434. 21.97 grams. Full but off-center cross, well-centered pillars side with everything in reduced size for an 8R, plus with clear denomination 4 at top, peripheral flatness, light surface corrosion, two dates. Estimate: $300-$450.

319. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E post-transitional

(Type VIII/B), rare error with pillars side struck from 4R die, 1-PH-6 at top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-434. 22.17 grams. Bold full pillars

side with clear denomination 4 and everything smaller than normal for an 8R, full but corroded cross, nice toning. With photo-certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300.

320. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E post-transitional (Type VIII/B), 1-PH-6 at top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-434. 25.74 grams. Full and bold but lightly corroded pillars, full but weak cross, decent toning, two dates. Estimate: $150-$225.

75


324. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1652E post-transitional

321. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1654E, dot-PH-dot at top.

(McLean hypothetical Type III), 1-PH-6 at top, rare. S-P37a;

Choice full cross and pillars with contrasting toning, corrosion-free but with crude edge (as made), three dates and mintmarks, two assayers. With (generic) certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $200-$300. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-438. 25.18 grams.

Solid and uncorroded, also nicely toned, with bold full cross and pillars, two clear dates, edge-split and marks from salvage. Estimate: $250-$375.

KM-18; CT-735. 12.59 grams.

325. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1654E, dot-PH-dot at top. S-P37a; KM-18. 13.52 grams. Choice full inner details on both sides despite

322. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1654E, dot-PH-dot at top. light surface corrosion, all three dates and mintmarks and assayers, Full and well-centered but lightly surface-corroded pillars and cross, three dates and mintmarks and assayers, toned on fields. Estimate: $150-$225.

S-P37a; KM-21; CT-438. 26.54 grams.

edge-split, toned fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

326. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1654E. S-P37a; KM-18. 12.78

grams. Full pillars with bold date and assayer, nearly full bold cross, peripherally flat, but no corrosion, nice toning. Estimate: $175-$250.

323. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1654E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-438.

24.94 grams. Full pillars, full but doubled cross, two dates and assayers, three mintmarks, light surface corrosion, minor edge-split, good toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

327. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1654E. S-P37a; KM-18. 9.14

grams. Bold full pillars and off-center cross and crown, bold king’s name, nice toning, a bit worn and thin from corrosion but very well detailed. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $175-$250.

76


Maravillas, sunk in 1656 off Grand Bahama Island

328. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1653(?)P.

331. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1650-1)O, with crowned-

S-M19;

full cross, full shield and oMP, peripheral flatness, minimal surface corrosion, lightly toned. Estimate: $150-$225.

L countermark on cross. S-P35; KM-19b. 24.92 grams. Solid flan with full shield and cross, full countermark and assayer, weak peripheries and not much contrast (some dark spots), minimal surface corrosion. Estimate: $150-$225.

329. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1655(P). S-M19; KM-45; CT-362. 22.77 grams. Bold full date, good full cross and shield, corrosion

332. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1656E, PH at top, rare. S-P37a; KM-R21; CT-415. 24.54 grams. Broad, roundish flan that at

KM-45; CT-358. 25.24 grams. Choice

on parts of edge only. With original certificate #91-8R-801 from the salvagers, also pedigreed to our Auction #8, with original lot-tag #582. Estimate: $200-$300.

first looks like just a nicer-than-usual business strike but happens to match the Royal dies in Lázaro (obverse #148 and reverse #147), VF details with contrasting toning (otherwise silvery), minor doubling in legends, three dates and mintmarks, very impressive for a salvaged coin. With Sedwick certificate from 2003. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

330. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1655P. S-M19; KM-45; CT-362. 19.61 grams. Clear date and oMP, full but moderately corroded cross and shield, light toning. Estimate: $175-$250.

333. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 8 reales, 1652, assayer PoRAS,

rare. Restrepo-M46.10; S-B7; CT-528. 20.70 grams. Bold full pillars with full date and assayer, full but doubled and off-center shield below welldetailed crown, darkly toned and with moderate surface corrosion. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

77


Vergulde Draeck (“Gilt Dragon”), sunk in 1656 off Western Australia 334. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer P,

with official W.A.M. certificate. S-M19; KM-45. 23.54 grams. Deeply toned and worn, with clear oMP and shield and cross, but much of its value is in the original certification, which makes it legal to own! With Western Australian Museum envelope and certificate #11436. Estimate: $200-$300.

San Miguel el Arcángel (“Jupiter wreck”), sunk in 1659 off the east coast of Florida

335. Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)657(P), choice. CT-365. 26.12 grams. Solid

S-M19; KM-45;

coin with choice full date, nearly full shield and cross, peripheral flatness as usual but minimal surface corrosion, somewhat silvery, much better than average for this wreck. Estimate: $300-$450.

336. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1654E, dot-PH-dot at

top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-438. 20.56 grams. Full pillars and cross, two bold dates, king’s ordinal IIII, lightly toned (central dark spots), but with moderate surface corrosion. Estimate: $125-$200.

337. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 8 reales, 165(5)S, very rare. S-C4; KM-7.2; CT-258. 21.86 grams. Despite its moderate surface corrosion, this is actually one of the better examples known, for it shows all the important details—date, mintmark-assayer C-S, denomination—in addition to the whole shield-lions-castles and pillars with P-LV-S / VL-TR-A, also lightly toned. With Sedwick photo-certificate from 2003. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

Unidentified ca.-1667 wreck off Sicily 338. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (16)58(P).

S-M19;

Solid, leaning urn-shaped flan with very bold date, good full (off-center) cross, weak shield, brown toned and worn but not corroded. With Sedwick certificate from 2005. Estimate: $200-$300. KM-38; CT-714. 13.01 grams.

78


Unidentified ca.-1671 wreck in Seville Harbor, Spain

339. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1663E, rare. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-452. 25.70 grams. A choice example of an elusive date, with full pil-

340. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1667E, Charles II. S-P37b;

lars and cross, three dates (two of them bold and full), no corrosion, toned all over. Estimate: $350-$500.

Clear date and king’s ordinal (which is important because this date is also known for Philip IV), full but partially flat pillars and cross, no corrosion, toned in crevices. Estimate: $250-$375.

KM-26; CT-342. 25.24 grams.

341. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1659E, unique error with

HIPA(NIARVM) in legend (lacking the S). S-P37a; KM-18; CT751. 13.42 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves with bold date, nice full

cross-lions-castles with bold second date below, with legend below that showing the unique error, nicely toned and corrosion-free. With Sedwick certificate from 2005. Estimate: $400-$600.

342. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1662E, rare. S-P37a; KM-18;

Broad, thin flan with decent but off-center cross and pillars, two dates, dark patchy toning and light surface corrosion (also much flatness), hairline edge-split. With Sedwick certificate from 2006. Estimate: $200-$300.

CT-754. 11.10 grams.

343. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1669E, ex-Bir collection. S-P37b; KM-25; CT-494. 13.24 grams. Much flatness but with clear date and

decent pillars and cross, deeply toned all over (not completely cleaned), very light surface corrosion, the accompanying tag spuriously identifying the wreck as the Señorita de Santa Cristina (never proven, also wrong place and time). Pedigreed to the Mark Bir collection, with his tag, and also to our Auction #8, with original lot-tag #626. Estimate: $100-$150.

Consolación, sunk in 1681 off Santa Clara Island, Ecuador 344. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1667E, Charles II. S-P37b;

KM-26; CT-342. 23.89 grams. Broad flan with good full pillars and cross,

two dates, part of king’s name (since this date is known for Philip IV as well), moderate surface corrosion but good contrast. Pedigreed to our Auction #6, with original lot-tag #403. Estimate: $150-$225.

79


345. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1675E, uncleaned. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-350. 22.05 grams. Rusty brown sediment and oxidation all over, with the pillars and cross still full and clear as well as the date below the cross, some green and orange sediment as well. With original photocertificate from the salvagers. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150.

346. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1677E. S-P37b; KM-26; CT-352. 349. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CT-357. 19.81 grams. Good full cross and pillars (very slightly doubled) with

two bold dates and assayers and mintmarks, lightly corroded but nice contrast. With ROBCAR photo-certificate #M090232, and pedigreed to our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #359. Estimate: $200-$300.

19.37 grams. Bold full pillars (off-center) and cross with two dates and bold assayer, nicely contrasting toning, but somewhat thin from moderate corrosion all over. With ROBCAR certificate #839291. Estimate: $200-$300.

347. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1677E.

S-P37b; KM-26; CT352. 23.58 grams. Moderately corroded but with clear date and most of

waves and cross, edge-split, lightly toned. With ROBCAR certificate #830162. Estimate: $150-$225.

350. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679V. S-P39; KM-26; CT-359.

21.25 grams. Nicely toned but worn and thin from corrosion, good full pillars and cross, three assayers, edge-split. With photo-certificate. Estimate: $175-$250.

348. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1679C. S-P38; KM-26; CT-357.

351. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (1)647, assayer not visible,

19.56 grams. Bold full pillars (slightly doubled) with 1-1/2 dates, full

rare. KM-12a. 2.60 grams. Good full cross with clear bottoms of digits of date, nice but off-center shield with bold king’s name PHEL- [sic] in legend, steel-gray toning, no evidence of corrosion. With ROBCAR certificate #126491. Estimate: $150-$225.

but very worn (from corrosion) cross with clear third date, nice toning, truncated edge. Estimate: $200-$300.

80


352. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1R, 1668E and 1670E. S-P37b; KM-23. 3.19 and 2.76 grams. Both with decent central details, the 1670 quite sharp and nicely toned (some surface corrosion) while the 1668 is more solid but flatter and with patchy coloration. With original photo-certificates from the salvagers. Estimate: $125-$200.

353. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1676E. S-P37b; KM-23; CT-712. 3.32 grams. Broad flan with good full cross and pillars but peripherally flat, bold date, nicely toned, minimal corrosion. With ROBCAR certificate #126612. Estimate: $125-$200.

Joanna, sunk in 1682 off South Africa 354. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)681(L).

S-M21; KM-46; CT-281. 23.16 grams. Bold date, decent cross, part of shield, rest

of coin flat (as struck), minimal corrosion, lightly toned. Estimate: $125-$200.

Merestein, sunk in 1702 off South Africa 355. Lot of 2 Dutch ducatoon “biscuits” (completely cocooned in oxidation). 71.00 grams total. Two thick, black, round cookies, one of which shows about a third of the thin silver coin inside, the other with large pebble encrusted onto it. Estimate: $150-$225.

Association, sunk in 1707 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

356. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1686R. S-L7; KM-24; CT-229. 24.99 grams. Very bold full pillars and cross (the latter very slightly doubled),

flat peripheries, nicely toned, minimal surface corrosion. With original certificate from the salvagers, and pedigreed to our Auction #9, with original lot-tag #776. Estimate: $275-$400.

81

357. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 8 reales, 1651, assayer PoRMS, rare (unique as from this wreck). Restrepo-M46.8; S-B7; KM-7.1. 26.16

grams. Solid coin with surface corrosion only, very bold pillars, full but

doubled shield, black spots here and there, first and only example we know of from this wreck. Estimate: $600-$900.


358. London, England, crown, Charles II, 1670, ex-Sebring.

Sp-3357. 27.53 grams. Bold full details enhanced by contrasting toning,

desirable pedigree, some surface corrosion. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring collection (ANR 2004), lot #1626, with Sedwick certificate from 2005. Estimate: $125-$200.

359. London, England, crown, William III, 1696, ex-Se-

bring. Sp-3420. 27.89 grams. Bold full details enhanced by contrasting toning, desirable pedigree, some surface corrosion. Pedigreed to the Tom Sebring collection (ANR 2004), lot #1626, with generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $150-$225.

Feversham, sunk in 1711 off Nova Scotia, Canada 360. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not

visible, ex-Jaggers collection. 25.59 grams. Choice full shield and

cross, bold denomination 8, deeply toned, minimal surface corrosion, desirable provenance and pedigree. Pedigreed to the Tony Jaggers collection, with his photo-certificate. Estimate: $175-$250.

Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida Mexico 361. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)12(J). S-M22; KM47; CT-741. 25.99 grams. Very

curious shape and very attractive details, the date clear and the shield and cross bold and full, beautifully toned and corrosion-free, slightly conรงave (as made). Estimate: $350-$500.

Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #17 Spring, 2015

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com or watch and bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com 82


362. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (171)3(J), ex-

365. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)14(J), ex-

Goodpaster. S-M22; KM-47; CT-742. 25.86 grams. Bold 3 of date, most

Goodpaster. S-M22; KM-47; CT-743. 26.91 grams. Full 4 of date, most of shield and crown, full cross, no corrosion but also no contrast, minor verdigris, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Karl H. Goodpaster collection (with small Real Eight certificate) and our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #478. Estimate: $200-$300.

of crown and cross, solid coin without corrosion but much flatness (as made). Pedigreed to the Karl H. Goodpaster collection (with original Real Eight certificate) and our Auction #7, with original lot-tag #478. Estimate: $200-$300.

363. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)714(J). S-M22; KM-

47; CT-743. 25.36 grams. Bold full 714 of date, part of shield and cross but all the rest (about 75% of the coin) flat as made, with very light surface corrosion and nice toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

364. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)14(J). S-M22; KM47; CT-743. 25.67 grams. Nice full cross, upper half of shield and most of

crown, clear date despite localized corrosion, peripheral flatness, good toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

366. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (17)14J. S-M22; KM-47;

CT-743. 22.97 grams. Squarish flan with bold 4 of date, full shield, weak cross, somewhat crude surfaces from corrosion but solid overall, toned in crevices, tiny (old) notch in edge. Estimate: $150-$225.

367. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1715J. S-M22; KM-47;

CT-744. 26.07 grams. Very choice specimen with full and bold date and oMJ (due to poor centering on that side), nice full cross, lightly toned, no corrosion. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

83


368. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1715J, ex-Walter Holzworth. S-M22; KM-47; CT-744. 26.53 grams. Solid and uncorroded

specimen with 100% full date and oM, also some cross, but the shield totally blank (as struck), nicely toned, attractive urn-shape, desirable pedigree. Housed in its original cardboard holder that says “Walter Holzworth” (a noted salvager) and “Ft. Pierce, Fla.” and dated 2/9/67. Estimate: $1,000-up.

369. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)715(J). S-M22; KM-

47; CT-744. 25.79 grams. Solid and well toned, with full oM, nice shield and cross, nearly full date with hint of localized surface corrosion. Estimate: $600-$900.

370. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1715J. S-M22; KM-47; CT-

744. 26.70 grams. Corrosion-free but worn, with good shield and cross, bold oM, most of date, contrastingly toned. Estimate: $400-$600.

372. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer J,

original Fisher certificate. S-M22; KM-47. 23.85 grams. Bold assayer, nearly full shield and cross, solid coin but much flatness and light surface corrosion, also some dark spots, desirable old certification. With Treasure Salvors (Fisher) certificate from 1976, hand-signed by Mel and Deo Fisher Estimate: $200-$300.

371. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 17(??)J. S-M22; KM-47. 26.23 grams. Choice specimen with lovely toning, no corrosion, good

cross and shield, bold oM, clear assayer and 17 of date. With photocertificate. Estimate: $175-$250.

373. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer J,

ex-Kip Wagner. S-M22; KM-47. 26.29 grams. Good full shield and cross, peripheral flatness and sloping sides on reverse, toned and uncorroded but with area of black encrustation. Reportedly purchased from Kip Wagner in the 1960s. Estimate: $200-$300.

374. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer J.

S-M22; KM-47. 26.30 grams. Solid and uncorroded but dark as uncleaned,

full oMJ, nearly full shield and cross. Beach find from the Corrigans area, found during Hurricane Jeanne. Estimate: $175-$250.

84


379. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (171)4(J). S-M22; KM-

Good full cross, sharply detailed full crown, most of shield, dark as not completely cleaned, no corrosion. With Sedwick certificate from 2006. Estimate: $100-$150.

40; CT-1019. 12.40 grams.

375. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer J.

S-M22; KM-47. 27.03 grams. Solid and corrosion-free, lightly toned, with

nearly full shield and cross, clear oMJ. With Sedwick certificate from 1998. Estimate: $150-$225.

380. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (1)715(J). S-M22; KM-

376. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer J.

Thick and solid coin with no corrosion at all, most of shield and cross and crown despite flatness (as made), no toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

S-M22; KM-47. 26.43 grams.

40; CT-1020. 13.16 grams. Bold date, most of crown and shield and cross, silvery from cleaning but no corrosion at all. Pedigreed to the French’s auction of October 1965, with original tag. Estimate: $500-$750.

377. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not visible, original Fisher certificate. KM-47. 25.45 grams. Choice in-

ner details, peripherally flat, darkly toned but corrosion-free, blunted points on edge, desirable old certification. With Treasure Salvors (Fisher) certificate from 1966, hand signed by Mel Fisher and a photo (newspaper clipping) of Mel and Deo with a clump of coins. Estimate: $175-$250.

378. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales “biscuit” (completely

cocooned in oxidation). 27.20 grams. Thickly encrusted, with no

381. Large lot of 47 Mexican silver cobs (8, 4, 2, 1 and 1/2R), all uncleaned (some encrusted), with “partial note repayment” listing for these coins from Doubloon Salvage, Inc. (1977). KM-609. 177.34 grams total. Mostly dark, some with green

coin details visible at all but clearly a Mexican cob 8R by shape, fairly good weight indicating a solid coin inside. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $125-$200.

85

encrustation, the larger coins fairly solid but some of the smaller ones rather thin, desirable as accompanied by the original division paperwork, which mentions only 36 of the coins (the rest presumably added to the group after division). With typewritten piece of paper listing all these coins as a “partial note repayment” to an investor from Doubloon Salvage, Inc., date October 20, 1977. Estimate: $700-$1,000.


Potosí 382. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1690VR.

S-P40; KM-26;

Choice, corrosion-free specimen with full and well-centered pillars-and-waves and cross, three dates and mintmarks and assayers, toned on fields, just a few minor weak spots (as made). Estimate: $250-$375.

CT-376. 24.52 grams.

Various 383. Lot of 4 silver-cob minors, various mints, as follows:

Mexico, 4R and 1R, Philip V, assayer J; Lima, 1R, dated 1705; and Potosí, 1R, dated 1702. 10.74 grams total. All mod-

erately corroded but the 1R with dates or assayer visible. With Cobb Coin Co. (Fisher) certificate #G87-101, 235168, 241670 and 241689. Estimate: $200-$300.

Slot ter Hooge, sunk in 1724 off Porto Santo, Madeira Islands 384. Gelderland, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1667. KM-41. 32.16 grams. Superb, corrosion-free VF details all over, deeply toned and solid. Pedigreed to our Auction #8, with original lot-tag #918. Estimate: $250-$375.

Spanish 1733 Fleet, Florida Keys

385. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1733F. S-M26; KM-47a; 386. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, assayer not

Full and bold date and oMF (rare thus, also last date of Mexican cobs), also good cross, very light surface corrosion, contrasting toning. Estimate: $150-$275. CT-766. 25.99 grams.

visible. KM-47a. 24.77 grams. Long, rectangular planchet with clear denomination 8, most of shield but cross messy from corrosion, still solid overall. From the San José site. Estimate: $125-$200.

387. Lot of 2 Mexican 8R dated 1732F from the Art McKee collection: one pillar dollar and one cob. 38.56 grams total. Both

dark and corroded (the pillar dollar especially so) but with recognizable details, parts of the cob actually nice, desirable pedigree. Both with certificates hand-signed by Art’s wife and daughter (Karen). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $350-$500.

86


Vliegenthart, sunk in 1735 off Zeeland, Netherlands

388. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)72(9)R.

389. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1732F. S-M26; KM-47a;

S-M24;

Choice full oMR and shield and cross, flat peripheries, uncorroded. Estimate: $100-$150.

CT-764. 25.23 grams. Rhomboid flan with air-bubble lacuna on shield near edge, bold date and oMF, good full cross, dark all over, minimal surface corrosion. With generic certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

KM-47a; CT-754. 26.24 grams.

Rooswijk, sunk in 1739 southeast of England

390. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1729R. S-M24; KM-47a;

CT-754. 25.11 grams. Broad, roundish flan with bold oMR, good full cross and shield, dark and lightly corroded around edge. With Sedwick certificate from 2006. Estimate: $150-$225.

392. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734/3MF, rare. KM-103; CT-777. 26.40 grams. Bold AU details, nice toning, hint

391. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734MF.

393. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1736MF.

AU details and lustrous despite areas of moderate corrosion, silvery from cleaning. With generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375. KM-103; CT-778. 25.72 grams.

of corrosion near part of rim only. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of March/April 2006, with original lot-tag #187 and generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $350-$500.

KM-103; CT-780. 26.86 grams. UNC details with nice toning, hairlines in fields from cleaning, small spot of encrustation on rim. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of September 2006, with original lot-tag #598 and generic certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $250-$375.

394. Lot of 4 Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, dated 1736MF (3) and 1738MF (1). KM-103. 99.55 grams total.

Lightly to moderately corroded and silvery from cleaning but with all details clear. With generic certificates from the salvagers. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $400-$600.

87


Princess Louisa, sunk in 1743 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa 395. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, 1731F, ex-Mark Bir collection. S-M26; KM-35a; CT-1269.

6.07 grams. Very bold full date and mintmark, good but off-center cross, triangular flan with minimal

corrosion. Pedigreed to the Mark Bir collection, with his tag, and also to our Auction #6, with original lottag #550. Estimate: $150-$225.

396. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1720M.

S-L20; KM-34; CT-642. 25.25 grams.

Choice full pillars with bold main date, the second date also clear below off-center cross, parts of three assayers, corrosion on part of edge only. Estimate: $250-$375.

Unidentified Revolutionary War-era wreck (ca. 1781) in the Chesapeake Bay

397. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1779FF. 398. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1776JR,

KM-106.2; CT-929. 25.95 grams. Fine details (all clear), with very light surface corrosion, light pink toning, slightly off-center obverse, desirable provenance. With Sedwick certificate from 2001. Estimate: $100-$150.

desirable date. KM-55; CT-976. 26.40 grams. Bold XF details (slightly

off-center), no corrosion, minor natural edge-flaw at top, desirable provenance (especially with this date!). With Sedwick certificate from 1999. Estimate: $500-up.

Cazador, sunk in 1783 off Louisiana 399. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1783FF. KM-106.2; CT-933. 25.62 grams. Lustrous

AU details but with very light surface corrosion all over, also typically silvery from cleaning. With generic certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #17 Spring, 2015 88


Piedmont, sunk in 1795 off Cornwall, England

400. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1657E, PH at top of pillars, •8• above cross. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-442. 25.60 grams. Full pillars-

401. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1681V. S-P39; KM-26; CT-363.

24.35 grams. Broad flan with full but off-center pillars-and-waves, full

cross, some bold legend, but with flat areas and surface corrosion throughout, spotty toning, two dates, three mintmarks and assayers. With original certificate from the salvagers and dealer tags from the 1990s. Estimate: $200-$300.

and-waves and cross but with weak areas, parts of all three dates and mintmarks and assayers, darkly toned, minimal corrosion. Estimate: $150-$225.

Athenienne, sunk in 1806 off Sicily in the Mediterranean 402. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1798FM.

KM-109; CT-692. 26.66 grams. Choice, uncorroded AU with rich toning all over, rather nice for shipwreck salvage. Pedigreed to our Auction #11, lot #599. Estimate: $100-$150.

Admiral Gardner, sunk in 1809 southeast of England

403. Clump of 7 English East India Co. copper XX cash,

1808. 76.13 grams. A leaning stack of solid and uncorroded coins, with clear details showing on top and bottom ones, lots of encrustation on the sides. With certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com or watch and bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com 89


90


Mexico Silver Cobs Charles-Joanna, “Early Series” 404. Mexico City, Mexico, 8 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer R (Rincón), extremely important “first dollar of the New World,” three known, encapsulated NGC XF 45. Nesmith-unl.; S-M1; CT-68.

This coin is the very root of the concept of the American dollar. Minted in 1538, under the joint Spanish reign of Charles I and his mother Joanna, at the recently created Mexico City mint, which was housed at the private residence of Hernan Cortes himself, this coin is widely acknowledged as the first dollar-sized coin struck in the New World. It is one of only three specimens known to exist, all of them found in the early 1990s on the so-called “Golden Fleece” shipwreck sunk ca. 1550. Prior to that find the 8 reales were considered conjectural: They were known to have been made, but only for a short time and in very small numbers around two years after the mint opened in 1536, based on testimony in the investigation in 1545 by Francisco Tello de Sandoval1, as follows: (1) On the first day of testimony on May 27, treasurer Juan de Manzanares stated that that “in only a particular season (temporada) did they produce 8 reales, which they had to stop minting because production was very difficult and very costly.” A “season” in this case was probably just that—either spring or summer or fall or winter, but no more than a few months in any case. (2) During the same day of testimony, assayer Juan Gutierrez stated that he “heard that 8 reales were minted but stopped because they were very defective and were not circulating.” He also said that in the six years that he had been there (i.e., since at least 1539), no 3 reales had been made, which is significant because the same decree that authorized 8 reales called for the end of 3-reales production. (3) On the sixth day (June 5), die-sinker Francisco del Rincón (who was at the mint when the 8 reales were made, not to be confused with the assayer of the same name, who was his cousin) testified that “when the king’s decree called for 4 and 8 reales to be minted and 3 reales to be discontinued, those orders were followed.” He also stated that the 8’s were too much work for the cost involved. (4) The most significant piece of testimony, on the ninth day (June 9), came from coiner and foreman Alonso Ponce, who was at the mint from the beginning and stated that for “a certain season” they minted 8 reales but ceased production “because they were difficult to make and engrave and this had generated a lot of discord” and that they were “not produced for many days.” It is clear from this testimony that 8 reales were made only briefly, after the 3 reales were discontinued, but before Rincón left office (since the assayer-mark on the coins is R). We know that Rincón worked as assayer at least until 1538, but after that date it is believed that Pedro de Espina (assayer P) held the post from 1539 to 1541. Since the 1537 royal decree permitting 8 reales and 4 reales in place of 3 reales probably arrived at the mint in the spring of 1538, that is the year in which the 8 reales were believed to have been struck, for no more than a “season” (a few months at most). Of utmost importance is that the 8 reales were made in very small numbers, for a very limited time, and they did not circulate. One even wonders if the three from the shipwreck were samples going back to Spain. 1

Archivo General de Indias, 48-2-20/2.

91


Two of the three coins found on the shipwreck have been sold at auction already, in 2006 and 2008, before it was known with certainty that only three existed. Those coins sold in the range of $300,000-$400,000, one of them corroded and deemed inferior, and the better specimen held down in price by false suspicions of further examples. This is the first time the third specimen has been offered publicly, and we expect it to find a permanent home now in a top-tier collection. The design of this 8 reales (as well as its companions in the lower denominations) is highly symbolic and artistic, yet simple in principle. The obverse (where the legend begins) features a crowned shield housing castles and lions in its quadrants, representing Castile and Leon, with a pomegranate for Granada at the bottom, flanked by Gothic-M mintmarks for Mexico inside a legend (wording around the edge) that shows the name of the king and his mother, Charles and Joanna. The reverse of the coin bears the Pillars of Hercules with a banner that shows the word PLVS, meaning “more” (in reference to the ancient motto of NE PLVS VLTRA [“no more beyond”] at the entrance to the Mediterranean), with a distinctive small cross at top to represent the denomination2 and initial R for the assayer Francisco del Rincón (the person responsible for the coin’s fineness and quality) at bottom, all inside a continuation of the legend stating the rulers’ territories. The weight of the coin is a full 27.11 grams, reflecting a total lack of the corrosive loss that normally typifies shipwreck silver coins. Like all hand-struck coins (for machine-struck coins did not begin in the colonies till the early 1700s), this piece is not quite round and bears areas of uneven or even doubled strike3, but is richly toned and has bold eye appeal. But it is the boldness and clarity of the small-cross denomination, along with the same quality of the assayer-mark R, that makes this piece so desirable among the three known. In addition to being the first “dollar” of the New World, this issue may also bear the distinction of being the first such coin of all the realms of Spain, whose tradition of striking 8 reales spanned more than 300 years, from the early 1500s till the mid-1800s. Mainland Spain’s first 8-reales issue was a series of coins struck in the names of Ferdinand and Isabel (Joanna’s parents) posthumously under Charles and Joanna. It is not known when this striking occurred, but it could have been after 1538, when the Mexican 8 reales were made. Significantly, in the documentation authorizing the Mexican mint to strike 8 reales, there is no reference to current coins being made in Spain. Also, note that the Mexican coins of Charles and Joanna were the first coins to announce the “Indies” as a Spanish possession, signifying the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the era of American ascendance. Most important is the fact that this Mexican “first American dollar” is not represented in any public numismatic museums anywhere, particularly the Casa de Moneda and Banco de Mexico in Mexico City, and the Casa de Moneda and the Museo Arqueológico de España in Madrid. This piece is missing in even the largest, most globally encompassing museums, like the Smithsonian or British Museum, which must adhere to the principle of including the world’s historically most important coins, of which this coin sits undeniably among the top ten. So what is this coin really worth? For comparison, the record for a US-mint dollar is just over $10 million, a price set at auction in 2013 for the finest of over 100 known examples of the 1794 “flowing hair” dollar, the first date of the first series struck in the United States. Spanish colonial coins, particularly from Mexico, were legal tender in the US till 1857, however, and therefore we can say that the first “dollar” of Mexico is technically the first such coin of the United States as well. It is widely acknowledged in any case that the 1794 dollar was exactly modeled after the Spanish colonial 8 reales in weight and fineness. Whatever the ultimate hammer price in this auction now, only three people or institutions, at most, can own a specimen of this highly important coin, and opportunities like this are as rare as the coins themselves. Estimate: $500,000-up. 2 No one knows why this cross was chosen to represent the denomination, although it is interesting to note that this type of cross is sometimes known as a “cruz de ocho puntas” (cross of eight points), therefore possibly representing the number 8 for natives and others who may not necessarily have understood Latin numerals, along the lines of dots and bars used in the other denominations, the exception being the number 4 for 4 reales, although the four points of that numeral may explain why that one number was deemed acceptable. 3 In fact, all three known specimens show double-striking, evidence of the difficulty the mint staff testified to in the 1545 investigation (Tello de Sandoval).

92


93


405. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer P to right, mintmark M to left, panel leaning left, encapsulated NGC XF 45.

Nesmith-26a for type; S-M4; KM-17. Choice specimen with full legends and no doubling, attractive light toning all over, no wear but also no luster, minute surface pitting only. Pedigreed to our Auction #7, lot #701. Estimate: $2,000-up.

406. Mexico City, Mexico, 3 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer R (Gothic) at bottom between pillars, no waves, three-dots denomination, crown outside beads, rare.

Nesmith-5c; S-M1. Nicely toned VF with bold shield (slightly doubled at bottom) and parts of legend (including the whole king’s name), full but partially weak pillars, denomination, motto and assayer, with repaired hole near edge below left pillar, rather competent for this highly sought type, a unique denomination struck for a very short time only at this mint. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

407. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna,

“Early Series,” assayer F/P to right, quatrefoils in legend, very rare. Nesmith-14 for type; S-M3; KM-7. 3.27

grams. XF with light toning, full legends and inner de-

tails, well centered and devoid of any doubling, a rather nice specimen of this seldom-offered assayer. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

408. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Early

Series,” assayer G between pillars, rare. Nesmith-9 for type; S-M2;

Slightly off-center Fine with patchy toning, bold assayer and most of legend. Estimate: $500-$750.

KM-7. 3.16 grams.

409. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Early Se-

ries,” assayer G between pillars, rare. Nesmith-9b; S-M2; KM-7. 3.11 grams. Slightly off-center Fine with bold legends and nice inner details

for the grade, nice toning, old hole near edge. Estimate: $350-$500.

94


410. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, “Early Series,” assayer Gothic R (Rincón) between pillars, very rare. Nesmith-2; S-M1; KM-6. 1.38 grams. Slightly wrinkled Fine with full legends and inner details, good toning, old hole near edge. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Charles-Joanna, “Late Series”

411. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer G to right, mintmark M to left. Nesmith-50e; S-M5; KM-18. 13.31 grams. Broad-flan AU with full and bold legends and inner details, slightly off-center pillars side, lovely toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

414. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to left, mintmark M to right. Nesmith-82 for

type; S-M9; KM-18. 13.46 grams. AU with lovely rainbow toning, bold details all over. Estimate: $350-$500.

415. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to left, mintmark M to right. Nesmith-82 for

412. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late

Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark M to left. Nesmith-86; S-M9; KM-18. 13.66 grams. AU with hint of luster, choice full legends and inner

type; S-M9; KM-18. 13.58 grams. Lightly rainbow-toned AU with bold details, very slightly bent. Estimate: $350-$500.

413. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late

416. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to right, mintmark oM to left. Nesmith-90

details, no toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

Series,” assayer L to left, mintmark M to right. Nesmith-82 for type; S-M9; KM-18. 13.25 grams. Bold

XF with contrasting toning, great details, minor surface marks and oxidation. Estimate: $350-$500.

95

Richly toned XF+ with minor weak spots, bold full legends and inner details. Pedigreed to the Richard Long auction #59, lot #67. Estimate: $200-$300.

for type; S-M9; KM-18. 13.59 grams.


417. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. Nesmith-110b for type; S-M10; KM-18. 13.07 grams.

$250-$375.

Bold XF with contrasting toning and minor surface encrustation, full details, hairline edge-split. Estimate:

418. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. Nesmith-110b; S-M10; KM-18. 13.00 grams. Bold VF

with contrasting toning, minor surface oxidation, the pillars particularly nice. Estimate: $250-$375.

419. Mexico City, Mexico, 4 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. Nesmith-110b; S-M10; KM-18. 13.56 grams. Lightly

rainbow-toned AXF, good inner details and much legend. Estimate: $200-$300.

420. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer G to left, mintmark M to right. Nesmith-45d; S-M5; KM-12. 7.94 grams. Choice full legends and inner details, richly rainbow toned all over, AXF for wear, oddly overweight. Estimate: $150-$225.

421. Mexico City, Mexico, 2 reales, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. Nesmith-109; S-M10; KM-12. 6.87 grams. Deeply

toned XF with choice inner details and much legend on both sides. Estimate: $150-$225.

422. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer A to right, mintmark M to left, rare, encapsulated

PCGS AU50. Nesmith-56; S-M6; KM-9. Frosty and lustrous, with full legends and inner details. Estimate: $175-$250.

423. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer L to left, mintmark M to right. Nesmith-80; S-M9; KM-9. 3.37 grams. Lightly toned XF with full inner details (the shield very slightly doubled), most of legends. Estimate: $125-$200.

424. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer O to left, mintmark M (no o) to right, encapsu-

lated NGC MS 61. Nesmith-96; S-M10; KM-9. Beautifully rainbow toned and devoid of wear, also nicely strike with bold details (including full legends) all over, hairline edge-split, scarce variety. Estimate: $200-$300.

425. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left. Nesmith-108c for type; S-M10; KM-9. 3.51 grams. Lustrous AU with nearly full details, hint of rainbow toning, slightly uneven strike as usual for this assayer.

$100-$150.

96

Estimate:


426. Mexico City, Mexico, 1 real, Charles-Joanna, “Late Series,” assayer O to right, mintmark oM to left, legend ending in RGS. Nesmith-108d; S-M10; KM-9. 3.42 grams. AVF with

attractively contrasting toning, much legend for the issue, well centered and devoid of doubling. Estimate: $100-$150.

427. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna,

“Late Series,” assayer G to right, mintmark M to left.

Very broad flan with full legends, Fine with weak spots, no toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

Nesmith-47a; S-M5; KM-6.5. 1.58 grams.

Shield-type

428. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer O below mintmark oM to left. S-M11; KM-43; CT-156. 23.51 grams.

Bold oMO, good full shield and cross despite weakness and wear (Fine overall), nicely toned, lightly trimmed around edge long ago. It is significant to note that this assayer-O issue was long considered the first “dollar” of Mexico before the Rincón 8R was known (see lot 404). Estimate: $350-$500.

430. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer F.

S-M12a; KM-44.1; CT-97. 27.22 grams. Bold full shield and cross and oMF, lightly toned VF, small natural split in edge. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of June 1993, with original lot-tag #302. Estimate: $200-$300.

431. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)614/3(F), very rare. S-M17; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 26.82 grams. Bold date and overdate despite peripheral flatness and unevenness, full shield and cross, lustrous XF

429. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer F. with dark spots. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

S-M12; KM-43; CT-154. 27.24 grams. High grade (lustrous AU) and choice strike, with 100% full and well-detailed shield and cross-lions-castles, perfectly centered, plus some legend despite the usual unevenness in the peripheries. Estimate: $350-$500.

97

Bid LIVE on the Internet at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com


432. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1625/4D, very rare.

435. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (16)53/2P.

S-M19; KM-45; CT-357. 26.90 grams. Bold full oMP, denomination 8 and 3/2 of

S-M18a; KM-45; CT-316. 26.37 grams. Bold

date with very clear overdate (no effort at all to erase the underlying 4), also bold oMD and upper half of shield, most of cross, toned VF with hint of surface corrosion. From the “Lucayan Beach wreck� (ca. 1628). Estimate: $600-$900.

date, good full shield and cross, richly old-toned Fine with weak areas, natural notch in edge (not damage). Estimate: $200-$300.

433. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)632(D), rare. 436. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)653(P), ex-Mark Silvery Fine with light surface scratches, very clear date, much flatness as usual. Estimate: $500-$750.

S-M18a; KM-45; CT-326. 27.41 grams.

434. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1652P, with chop-

marks and test-cuts as from circulation in the Orient. S-M19;

KM-45; CT-356. 27.36 grams. Off-center obverse with 100% full date and oMP, also full shield and cross, with small test-cuts here and there (not just on the edge), toned VF. Estimate: $175-$250.

Bir collection. S-M19; KM-45; CT-358. 27.06 grams. Bold date and mintmark, full shield and cross, toned AVF with peripheral flatness. Pedigreed to the Mark Bir collection (with his tag) and to our Auction #6, with original lot-tag #382. Estimate: $200-$300.

437. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1655/4P. S-M19; KM-45; CT-361. 27.21 grams. Full and clear date (rare thus), full but weak shield

Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #17 Spring, 2015

and cross, deeply toned About Fine with much flatness. Estimate: $200-$300.

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com or watch and bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com 98


438. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)679L. S-M21; KM- 441. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayer

L, ex-Pasay hoard. S-M21; KM-46. 27.27 grams. Nearly full cross, most of shield (off-center), clear assayer L, silvery and high grade (XF for the type), old test-cut on edge on reverse. From the Pasay Hoard (Philippines). Estimate: $125-$200.

46; CT-279. 27.09 grams. Thick

and solid coin with clear date and bold oML, center of cross but little else (mostly flat), technically no worse than About Fine, rare as non-salvage. Estimate: $500-$750.

439. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1680L. S-M21; KM-46; 442. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayer CT-280. 26.37 grams. Full date and oML and some of cross but the shield

totally blank (as made), technically no worse than VG for wear, with spotty toning, rare as non-salvage. Estimate: $500-$750.

not visible, rare error with denomination “4,� ex-Pasay hoard. KM-46. 26.16 grams. Strange, square-shaped coin with much flatness but technically high grade (silvery XF), full denomination 4. From the Pasay Hoard (Philippines). Estimate: $125-$200.

440. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)695L, extremely rare.

S-M21; KM-46; CT-296. 20.41 grams. Bold date and oML, partial shield and cross due to flat strike as usual, nicely toned VG, part of edge clipped away long ago. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

443. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayer not visible, ex-Pasay Hoard. KM-46. 26.10 grams. Very interesting

shape (long rhomboid, with one pointed end upturned), most of shield and cross despite flat strike as usual, silvery XF. From the Pasay Hoard (Philippines). Estimate: $150-$225.

444. Lot of 10 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayers not visible, all ex-Pasay hoard. KM-46. 264 grams total.

Some interesting shapes, all basically UNC (no toning) but crudely struck as usual. From the Pasay Hoard (Philippines). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

445. Lot of 10 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayers not visible, all ex-Pasay hoard. KM-46. 264 grams total.

Some interesting shapes, all basically UNC (no toning) but crudely struck as usual. From the Pasay Hoard (Philippines). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

446. Lot of 5 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Charles II, assayers not visible, all ex-Pasay hoard. KM-46. 132 grams total. Some interesting shapes, all basically UNC (no toning) but crudely struck as usual. From the Pasay Hoard (Philippines). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $400-$600.

99


447. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)716J, rare. S-M22;

KM-47; CT-745. 27.00 grams. Bold full date and mintmark but almost all the rest of the coin flat, VG with light toning. Estimate: $400-$600.

448. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1719J, rare. S-M22;

KM-47; CT-747. 26.54 grams. Long, narrow flan with full oMJ and clear date (just the tail of the last digit, but clearly not the same as the 7), good cross but rest of coin flat (as made), AVF for the issue. Estimate: $300-$450.

449. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1722J, rare. S-M22;

KM-47; CT-749. 27.14 grams. Bold date and mintmark but very little else as the coin was typically struck mostly flat (Fine for actual wear), interesting rhomboid shape. Estimate: $300-$450.

100


450. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales Royal, 1725D, Louis I, double ornaments flanking ordinal, extremely rare and important. S-M23; KM-49; CT-28. Few numismatic issues provide more contrast than the difference between the round presentation issues known as “Royals” and their business-strike counterparts from the Mexican mint in the early 1700s. Proof that the presentation issues were machine-struck, ahead of the famous first milled “pillar dollars,” is written on the face of such coins, which are perfectly round and evenly struck and—need we say—thoroughly beautiful. The present specimen is no exception, and in fact combines beauty with extreme rarity and historical importance as an issue of the child king Louis I. Louis I was just 16 when his father, Philip V, abdicated in his favor on January 15, 1724. History does not tell us exactly why Philip stepped down, but ironically it was most likely in order for Philip to be eligible to supplant his underage nephew, Louis XV, on the French throne, as the Treaty of Utrecht stipulated that the same monarch could not rule both Spain and France. It seems no mere coincidence that Philip’s abdication came just one month after the death of the French king’s regent, the Duke of Orleans. Fate stepped in, however, and the new king of Spain, Louis I, died of smallpox just days after his 17th birthday on August 31, 1724, forcing Philip to return to the Spanish throne. Louis I’s seven-month reign was one of the shortest in history. Communication with the New World at that time took months, even for nerve centers like Mexico City. (Remote cities like Potosi, Bolivia, did not receive word for more than two years, if the coins are any indication.) As a result, the striking of coins with Louis’ name and ordinal in the legend did not begin at Mexico till the end of 1724 and did not cease until sometime in 1725. On the regular-issue coins this distinction is largely academic, for these coins are generally just crude, rectangular lumps of silver that barely show 50% of the central details, let alone any part of the king’s name and ordinal in the legend. But the introduction of machinery to strike “Royals” enabled the mint to create perfectly round and perfectly struck beauties that show full legends in addition to the full Bourbon coat-of-arms flanked with mintmark oM, assayer D and denomination VIII. The legend on that side shows the full Latin name for Louis, LVDOVICVS, followed by his ordinal I, with the date at the end of the legend on that side. As usual, the reverse shows a fancy tressure-bound cross with castles and lions in the quadrants, and parts of the king’s name show punching over the previous PHILIPPVS (clear L/P and O/L on this coin). Two dates are known for the Louis I Royal 8 reales: 1724 and 1725, the latter being arguably rarer. Just four of the 1725’s are known, in two distinct types: One with single-ornament stops flanking the king’s ordinal I in the legend, and the other with two stops to each side. The whereabouts of each coin are generally recorded and tracked by serious numismatists (two are in permanent museum collections, and the third one, now in a private collection after setting a record in 1974 for the highest price ever paid for a Mexican coin, is the other variety), but apparently the present coin is a new discovery whose pedigree is unknown, begging incorporation into a major collection now. It is important to note that there are also “Royal” 8 reales of 1725 with the name of Philip V instead, presumably struck for a longer period in that year. The details and toning on this coin are a feast for the eyes, which can easily miss the carefully plugged hole at the top (the contemporaneous hole to be expected on a Royal, which was meant to be worn), buried within the crown on the obverse and the floret in the legend on the reverse (as the axes are perfectly aligned). Centuries of light wear translate into a solid VF grade, but oh-so-beautifully toned. As a final observation we would like to point out that Mexican “Royal” 8 reales are far rarer as a group than those from Lima or Potosi. This is in fact the first Mexican specimen we have ever auctioned. Without a doubt, this coin’s winning bidder will own a numismatic and historic “crown jewel” of not just colonial Mexico but all of Spanish America. Estimate: $125,000-up.

101


451. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1725D, very rare, with 454. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)730R. S-M24; Indonesian countermark (date AH1230 = 1814-15), ex-Pullin KM-47a; CT-755. 27.00 grams. Small, thick flan with bold date and collection. S-M23; KM-49; CT-18. 25.84 grams. Bold 25 of date, full oMD, cross, full but doubled mintmark and top of shield, flat peripheries, nearly full crown, otherwise mostly flat (VG for actual wear), lightly toned, with what appears to be a test-mark (old gouge in the center of the cross that breaches the other side) in addition to a scratched X along with the incuse Arabic-date countermark, commonly attributed to Sumenep (Madura Island) in Indonesia, possibly lightly shaved in its time, a fascinating coin with importance in several areas. Pedigreed to the John Pullin collection and our Auctions #7 (lot 809) and #11 (lot 651). Estimate: $500-$750.

VF+ with contrasting toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

455. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1731/0F. S-M26; KM-47a; CT-761. 26.74 grams. Choice full date with very clear overdate, full mintmark and cross, much flatness otherwise, toned Fine+ overall. Estimate: $200-$300.

452. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, (1)726D, rare. S-M23a;

KM-47. 27.16 grams. Clear date, much flatness as usual but parts of shield and cross nice (particularly the castles), VF for issue with spotty toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

456. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, Philip V, with two 5-petal-flower countermarks (Sumenep/Madura Island, Indonesia, 1 real batu, 1814). KM-47a. 24.22 grams. Good full cross with two clear countermarks, most of shield and crown, About Fine with contrasting toning, lightly shaved on edge in its time. Estimate: $250-$375.

453. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales, 1729R. S-M24; KM-47a; CT-754. 26.60 grams. Bold oMR, very nice full shield and cross, just enough

of the date to be sure but otherwise flat in the peripheries, lightly toned VF. Estimate: $200-$300.

102

Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #17 Spring, 2015


457. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer O

below mintmark oM to right. S-M11; KM-36; CT-333. 13.50 grams. Very broad, round flan with bold full legends, full but weaker inner details due to uneven thickness, attractively toned Fine with hairline edge-split. Estimate: $175-$250.

458. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer F

below mintmark oM to left, denomination o-iiii to left. S-M12; Nice full shield and cross-lions-castles, also full crown and part of king’s name, richly toned VF+. Estimate: $150-$225.

KM-36; CT-328. 13.67 grams.

460. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer

F, GRATIA in legend (pre-dated). S-M12a; KM-37.1; CT-223. 13.60

grams. Choice full shield with bold oMF and king’s ordinal III, full cross-lions-castles, richly rainbow-toned AXF with much legend as well. Accompanied by collector’s tag that says “Pradeau-Bothamly-Lloyd,” hence probably pedigreed to those collections. Estimate: $200-$300.

461. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer F. S-M12a; KM-37.1; CT-223. 13.56 grams. Good

full shield, full but weaker oMF and cross, some legend, low-contrast VF. Estimate: $100-$150.

462. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (162)3/2D, rare. S-

459. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer

M18a; KM-38; CT-691. 13.43 grams. Clear overdate, bold denomination, nearly full crown and shield and cross despite flat areas, non-toned VF for actual wear. Estimate: $150-$225.

F to left and oD to right, very rare. S-M14a; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 13.68

grams. Choice specimen of a very elusive dual-assayer issue, with full 4-F to left and oM-oD to right of nice full shield below full crown, bold full cross-lions-castles, some legend, beautifully toned VF+. Estimate: $500-$750.

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

463. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (1)692L, very rare.

S-M21; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 11.08 grams. Bold full 2 of date, full oML, good full cross, most of crown and shield (albeit mostly flat), About Fine with contrasting toning, possibly lightly clipped in its time. Estimate: $250-$375.

103


467. Large lot of 23 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2R (21) and

1R (2), Charles II, assayers not visible, all ex-Pasay hoard.

144 grams total. Some interesting shapes, all basically UNC (no toning)

but crudely struck as usual. From the Pasay Hoard (Philippines). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750.

464. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, (169)7(L), very rare.

Long, urn-shaped flan with full 7 of date, nearly full shield and cross and much crown as well, all a bit weakly struck but not flat at least, lightly toned About Fine. Estimate: $250-$375.

S-M21; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 13.09 grams.

465. Lot of 10 Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Charles II, assayers not visible, all ex-Pasay hoard. S-M21. 133 grams total. Some interesting shapes, all basically UNC (no toning) but crudely struck as usual. From the Pasay Hoard (Philippines). SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $350-$500.

468. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2 real Royal, 1719J, rare.

S-M22; KM-unl.; CT-1808. 1.35 grams. Solid VF+ with contrasting toning, full details, slightly off-center strike, tiny hole near edge as usual. Estimate: $500-$750.

466. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 2 reales, Philip III, assayer

A. S-M16; KM-32.2. 6.97 grams. Choice XF with perfect full shield and

cross and oMA, also some legend and crown but date not visible (1608 and 1609 are the only possibilities), richly old-toned. With old Houston Numismatic Exchange tag. Estimate: $150-$225.

469. Mexico City, Mexico, cob 1/2 real, 1733/2(F), rare.

S-M26; KM-24a. 1.35 grams. Bold full date with clear overdate due to off-center obverse (nearly full crown), choice full cross (well centered), VF+ with contrasting toning, desirable final date of Mexican cobs. Estimate: $150-$225.

Klippes

470. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1733MF, with 471. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 8 reales, 1734MF. S-M28; sun-over-mountains (Type II, 1843) countermark of Guatemala. S-M28; KM-48; CT-768. 26.74 grams. Roundish flan with full details

(including legends), AXF with attractive toning, aligned axes, typical hole near edge at top, aligned axes. Estimate: $600-$900.

KM-48; CT-770. 26.83 grams. Huge flan (with sharp points) that extends past the design, therefore showing 100% of the die on both sides, AXF with lovely contrasting toning, no corrosions despite its provenance, truly the finest klippe we have ever seen. From the Rooswijk (1739), pedigreed to the original Ponterio auction (March/April 2006), lot #144. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

104


472. Mexico City, Mexico, klippe 4 reales, 173(3-4)MF. S-M28;

KM-41. 13.49 grams. Well-detailed XF with aligned axes and light toning but struck slightly off-center and cut in such a way that the last digit of the date is off the flan, natural flaw at top-right. Estimate: $350-$500.

Lima Silver Cobs Early Pillars Type

473. Lima, Peru, 2 reales, Philip II, assayer R (Rinc贸n) to left, motto PL-VSV-TR, rare. S-L1; KM-8; CT-479. 6.39 grams. Good

full shield and pillars, much bold legend (slightly off-center), nicely toned XF. Estimate: $350-$500.

474. Lima, Peru, 2 reales, Philip II, assayer R (Rinc贸n) to left, motto PL-VSV-LT, rare. S-L1; KM-8; CT-481. 6.03 grams. Well centered and with much bold legend, AVF with some surface corrosion and darkly toned, also some scratches. Estimate: $200-$300.

475. Lima, Peru, 1 real, Philip II, assayer X to left, extremely rare. S-L2; KM-6; CT-631. 1.71 grams. Full shield (off-center)

and pillars, full assayer (possibly X/R), but all thin and corroded as from Rimac River salvage, otherwise Fine, with toned fields. This issue is so rare that we have never offered one in our auctions before. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of April 2003, with original lot-tag #2725. Estimate: $1,000-up.

476. Lima, Peru, 1 real, Philip II, assayer R (Rinc贸n) to 477. Lima, Peru, 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer R (Rinc贸n) to left, motto PL-VS-V with dot below, obverse legend ending in HIS, circlet stops. S-L1; KM-6; CT-630. 3.15 grams. Nice full shield

and pillars, bold R and some legend, attractively toned XF with minor surface porosity. Estimate: $150-$225.

left, legend beginning on assayer side, very rare.

S-L1; KM-1; CT-762. 0.71 gram. Nearly every example we have seen of this issue has

been fragmentary, as salvaged from the Rimac River, but this one is fully intact, with bold details (much legend), non-salvage VF with toning around details, surely one of the best known of this very rare issue. Estimate: $1,000-up.

105


Shield-type

481. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la

478. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la

Torre, (P)-8 to left, *-oD to right. S-L4; KM-14; CT-146. 27.00 grams.

Broad, round flan with nearly full legends, full inner details but minor doubling and marks VF with toning in crevices. Estimate: $350-$500.

Torre, *-oIIII to left, P-oD/X to right, very rare. S-L4; KM-11; CT-unl. 13.48 grams. Broad flan with nearly full legends, most of crown,

full but partially weak inner details (the cross also slightly doubled), clear denomination with * above and full P-oD/X (first example we have offered in this denomination), lightly toned AVF. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

479. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la 482. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-8 to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-14; CT-148. 26.28 grams.

Torre, P-4 to left, *-oD to right. S-L4; KM-11; CT-318. 13.78 grams.

Nearly full legends and crown, full inner details, salvaged Fine with surface corrosion and dark toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

Huge flan with bold full legends and crown, choice full inner details, lightly toned XF+. Estimate: $600-$900.

480. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de

483. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la

la Torre, *-8 to left, P-oD to right.

S-L4; KM-14; CT-148. 22.61

grams. Good full shield and crown and cross (all slightly doubled), but

somewhat worn (Fine) and with edge trimmed in its time. Estimate: $350-$500.

Torre, *-4 to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-11; CT-317. 13.81 grams.

Crisp AU with hint of luster and toning, choice inner details and legends nearly full but low contrast all over. Estimate: $600-$900.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

Bid LIVE on the Internet at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com 106


484. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la 488. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-(oIIII) to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-11; CT-316. 13.63 grams. Early issue (probably modified from an assayer-X die, but no evidence of oD/X, the cross side a die-match with lot 481 in any case), with some bold legend (semi-colon separators, and lacking the H in HISPANIARVM) on a broad but non-round flan, VF with contrasting toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

Torre, *-ii to left, P-oD to right.

S-L4; KM-9; CT-487. 6.43 grams.

Choice details all over (including crown and inner details, but reverse legend off the flan) enhanced by reddish toning, AU details but very minor surface porosity. Estimate: $150-$225.

489. Lot of 2 Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-ii to left, P-oD to right. S-L4; KM-9; CT-

487. 13.79 grams total. AU details but with light surface porosity, light toning, typically sharply struck. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $150-$225.

485. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, *-(ii) to left, P-oD/X to right, very rare. S-L4; KM-9; CT-

Good full cross and shield, bold P-oD/X, toned VF+ with minor surface pitting. Estimate: $350-$500. unl. 6.60 grams.

490. Lima, Peru, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, I to left (rare) and * to right of castle. S-L4; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 0.66 gram. Choice

XF+ with bold castle, clear lion, bits of legend, light toning, rare variety with inexplicable I instead of P or oD. Estimate: $500-up.

486. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-ii to left, oD-* to right.

S-L4; KM-9; CT-490. 6.81 grams.

Nice XF+ with nearly full legends and choice full inner details, spotty toning and low contrast. Estimate: $200-$300.

491. Lima, Peru, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer Diego de la

Torre, P to left and * to right of castle. S-L4; KM-2; CT-767. 0.81 gram. Bold AXF details despite surface porosity (Rimac River salvage),

the lion and castle both bold, as is the mintmark P, two crowns, toned fields. Estimate: $150-$225.

487. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer Diego de la Torre, P-ii to left, *-oD to right.

S-L4; KM-9; CT-489. 6.83 grams.

Frosty AU with traces of luster, much legend and crown, choice full inner details. Estimate: $200-$300.

107

Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #17 Spring, 2015


“Star of Lima” type An Introduction to the “Star of Lima” Coinage of 1659-1660 By Daniel Frank Sedwick This is a case of “it’s easier to ask forgiveness than it is to get permission.”4 The city of Lima, Peru, was short of silver coinage and needed to remedy the situation before the king could be asked. For 67 years the Lima mint remained closed while coins were struck at a furious rate in Potosí, the source of the silver. To avoid heavy taxation, wealthy mine owners were shipping their coins and even whole ingots back to Spain, sometimes even using contraband eastward routes to Buenos Aires. The situation was no doubt exacerbated by the Potosí debasement scandal and subsequent recall of coinage in 1649-1652. When the Lima town council suggested re-opening the Lima mint in 1658, the Viceroy, Count Alba de Liste5, considered it within his authority to allow it, without Philip IV’s permission up front. Forgiveness eventually came, but permission did not. Documents show that the Lima mint began striking this unauthorized coinage in January 1659 and ceased in April 1660. One of the great mysteries of Spanish colonial numismatics is why the mintage continued for so long when the king clearly did not approve. One theory is that the first samples for the king were lost on a shipwreck, for the remains of the San Miguel el Arcángel,6 sunk in 1659 off Jupiter, Florida, have yielded many round and well-struck presentation examples7. In fact this wreck has become the primary source for “Star of Lima” coins, but only for the year 1659. As we shall see, the coins that are not from the wreck, presumably struck later, had slightly different designs. The design is where the moniker for this series of unauthorized coinage becomes obvious, for the central element on the obverse of each coin is a large star8, which symbolized Lima from its founding as Ciudad de los Reyes (City of the Kings).9 In much smaller form the star was used on Lima’s previous coinage under assayer Diego de la Torre, from 1577 to 1588 (with one more year of recorded production in 1592), placed interchangeably with the P mintmark, the oD assayer-mark and the denomination around the central obverse element (shield or monogram). The new version of Lima’s star used in 1659 and 1660 was large and prominent. The other distinguishing elements of design are the date, the denomination, the assayer-mark V and the mintmark LIMA, LM or L, which are placed around and among two pillars under a large crown and above some flat waves, in accordance with a requirement for all the South American mints (the others being Potosí, Bogotá and Cartagena). The issues of 1660 also show the motto PLVS VLTRA. We can categorize the coins into three Series (in chronological order) by their mintmark, as follows: Series IA: Mintmark LIMA, single assayer and denomination (1659) The first Series, beginning with the coins from the San Miguel, displays a big star above the full word LIMA above the date 1659 inside the pillars. The San Miguel coins, which comprise Series IA, show a vertical •V• to the left and •8• (for the 8 reales) to the right of the pillars, sometimes lacking the dots in the lower denominations, which either have 5-point stars (2 reales) or no stars (1 real). The 2 reales show the word LIMA with the last two letters in monogram.10

4 This phrase was coined by Rear Admiral Grace Hopper in 1986. 5 Alba de Liste was Viceroy of Peru from 1655 to 1661; prior to that he was Viceroy of New Spain (Mexico) from 1650 to 1653. 6 This wreck, also known simply as the “Jupiter wreck,” is sometimes referred to among the salvage community erroneously as “San Miguel de Archangel” (as opposed to the proper Spanish San Miguel el Arcángel). 7 One hesitates to call these “Royals,” as we do for the round presentation strikes outside this series, because they are generally not perfectly round and centered, nor are their axes aligned, but they are clearly superior to regular issues. 8 In most cases this star is eight-pointed, but in some cases it has only six or even just five points. 9 Popular belief holds that Lima’s original name, given by Pizarro himself, refers to its founding on the day of the Epiphany (January 6), but a new article by Herman Blanton explains that on that date it was decided to enlist three local “magi” (like the Biblical three kings) to select a site for the new city. The city was actually founded on January 18. 10 San Miguel is not the only source for coins of Series IA.

108


Series IB: Mintmark LIMA, double assayer and denomination (1659) Still with mintmark as LIMA, the Series IB 8 reales differ from the San Miguel coins mainly by having •8•V• flanking each pillar, but also by having a horizontal line above the date and a star with 5 points instead of 8. No known minors match this design. Probably a brief type, ss Series IB is generally rare. Series II: Mintmark L-M (1659) The second Series, which is rife with die varieties (particularly the number and placement of dots on the pillars side), is defined as having just L-M for its mintmark, with the star still above but basically bisecting the two letters. Below the mintmark is the date, sometimes with a line above. The 8 reales in this series show •8•V• outside each pillar, but the lower denominations show just assayer to left and denomination to right (like the San Miguel coins above). The star is always 8-pointed. Curiously, the 2R and 1R sometimes show the date as 165 instead of 1659. Series III: Mintmark L (1660) The third Series, which was used only in 1660 and is therefore much rarer than the first two Series, is defined by both a simplification down to a single-letter mintmark L and the incorporation of the motto PLVS VLTRA into the design. For the 8R and 4R the design shows L-8-V or L-4-V outside each pillar and PLVS above a 6-point star flanked with dots above VLTRA above the date 660 (lacking the first digit), with placement of dots and horizontal lines as noted varieties. There is also a variant of the 8 reales that lacks the date altogether. The 2R shows the three-digit date either above or below the denomination. In the 1R, the date is either above or below the star and denomination (which can appear as either denomination-star-denomination or star-denomination-star, the star always being 5-pointed), with PLVS VLTRA in two lines below that; the mintmark and assayer appear singly outside the pillars. Other issues: Half reales and gold “Star of Lima” coins of the half-real denomination are known, both from the San Miguel and later, but do not bear any attributes that would assign them to any particular series, for their design is the usual (but distinctive) monogram and cross-lions-castles. At least one is known with a 1659 date in the legend on the cross side. I have also heard of a ½ real with a design like the higher denominations, but I have not seen it to confirm its design or authenticity. Intriguingly, mint records show that quarter reales were struck as well, but nothing attributable to this issue has come to light. The gold coins struck under the “Star of Lima” issue are controversial. Only two specimens are known—one 8 escudos of each date (the 1660 actually overdated 1660/59)—both held by the Banco de España in Madrid, Spain. Mint records indicate that “Star of Lima” gold cobs were made, in the denominations of 1 and 8 escudos only, in VERY small numbers, from September 1659 to April 1660. The controversy, however, is due to the fact that NONE of the die elements on the two known 8 escudos (lions, castles, pillars, crowns and letters) matches the style of any of the silver coins. Therefore, either both coins are fantasies or the gold was designed by a totally different engraver at the Lima mint (an unprecedented, albeit possible, occurrence).

109

(digitized rendering with color added)


492. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales presentation strike, 1659V, “Star of Lima” type, mintmark LIMA (Series IA), rare, finest

known, ex-”Jupiter wreck” (1659). S-L5; KM-18.1; CT-262. 26.85 grams. By all accounts this is the finest known specimen of this rare, unau-

thorized issue. The immense crown above the pillars is beautifully detailed, and the •V•, *-LIMA-1659, •8• are equally impressively well struck above the 100% full waves, with most of the king’s name PHILIPPVS visible in the legend, also with perfect lions and castles inside the cross on other side, whose bold legend shows reversed N’s. Save for a touch of corrosion, this coin is undeniably Mint State, beautifully toned and worthy of the best collections. From the “Jupiter wreck” (San Miguel el Arcángel, 1659), and pedigreed to our Auction #5, with original lot-tag #260 and with Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $15,000-up.

493. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales presentation strike, 1659V, “Star of Lima” type, mintmark LIMA (Series IA), ex-”Jupiter

wreck.” S-L5; KM-18.1; CT-262. 23.09 grams. Identical to the previous lot except with light to moderate surface corrosion and very slight dou-

bling on the pillars side, still very clearly a presentation piece of some sort due to the quality of the flan and the strike. From the San Miguel el Arcángel (“Jupiter wreck,” 1659), with Sedwick certificate from 2005. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

110


494. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1659V, “Star of Lima” type, mintmark LIMA (Series IA), rare, ex-Piedmont (1795), with

Baldwin catalog (Plate Coin). S-L5; KM-18.1; CT-262. 25.94 grams. One of the few Series-I examples NOT from the “Jupiter wreck” (1659),

albeit still salvaged, with dark and slightly corroded surfaces, yet with good full cross and full but doubled crown-pillars-date-waves, some legend, Fine overall. From the Piedmont (“Lyme Bay wreck,” 1795), pedigreed to the Baldwin auction of October 1995, with original auction catalog in which this coin is plated, and also pedigreed to our Auction #9, with original lot-tag #985. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

495. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1659V, “Star of Lima” type, mintmark L-M (Series II), rare, Calbetó Plate Coin. S-L5; KM-18.1;

As mentioned in our accompanying article, Series II is characterized by pillars-side varieties, and this is a good example: To left and right are •8•V•, with •star• (8-pointed) above L•M above a horizontal line above the date. The coin is a solid AVF, nicely toned, but is fraught with flat spots, still with full cross, much legend, most of crown, full mintmark and denominations but just the 9 of the date visible. Desirable pedigree. Plate Coin in Calbetó’s Compendium VIII Reales (1970), and pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of October 2000, with original lot-tag #1893. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

CT-264. 27.37 grams.

111


496. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1659V, “Star of Lima” type, mintmark LIMA (Series IA), extremely rare, exSellschopp and Ortiz. S-L5; KM-17; CT-

660. 13.67 grams. Choice centers, especially the full cross-lions-castles but also the full crown, star LIMA and 1659 above waves, weak assayer •V• to left but bold denomination •4• to right, yet the peripheries mostly flat (distinguishing it from the presentation issues), choice XF+ with gorgeous old toning, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Sellschopp collection (SBC September 1988, lot 159) and the Emilio Ortiz collection (SBC September 1911, lot 66). Estimate: $7,500-up.

497. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1659(V), “Star

of Lima” type, mintmark LIMA (Series IA), extremely rare, ex-”Jupiter wreck” (1659). S-L5;

KM-17; CT-660. 12.76 grams. Choice full cross, off-center pillars side with bold full date and waves next to king’s ordinal IIII, slightly worn from corrosion but no noticeable pitting (AVF details). From the “Jupiter wreck” (San Miguel el Arcángel, 1659), and pedigreed to our Auction #8, with original lot-tag #604 and with Sedwick photo-certificate from 2003. Estimate: $2,500-up.

498. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1659V, “Star of Lima” type, mintmark LIMA (Series IA), very rare, possibly finest known, ex-”Jupiter wreck” (1659). S-L5; KM-16; CT-841. 6.55 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves (slightly off-center) and cross-

lions-castles, the star with five points and the LIMA mintmark with M and A in monogram, •V• to left and •2• to right, some peripheral flatness, attractively toned UNC with virtually no corrosion. From the “Jupiter wreck” (San Miguel el Arcangel, 1659), and pedigreed to our Auction #5, with original lot-tag #261 and with Sedwick photocertificate. Estimate: $3,500-up.

499. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1659V, “Star of Lima” type,

mintmark LIMA (Series IA), rare, ex-”Jupiter wreck” (1659).

S-L5; KM-15; CT-989. 3.14 grams. Choice full cross-and-tressure, bold and

full but off-center pillars-and-waves with •V• to left, star / LIMA / 1659 in center and •I• to right, full king’s name in legend, attractively toned AU with hint of surface corrosion. From the “Jupiter wreck” (San Miguel el Arcángel, 1659), and pedigreed to our Auction #5, with original lot-tag #262 and with Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $1,500-up.

112


500. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, (1659), “Star of Lima” type,

rare. S-L5; KM-unl.; CT-1138. 1.81 grams. Choice full monogram with much of king’s name to right, full but messily double-struck cross, lightly toned VF. Estimate: $300-$450.

501. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, (1659), “Star of Lima” type,

rare. S-L5; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 1.00 gram. Off-center strike but with bold, full and distinctive monogram, full castle and lion inside cross, technically XF but peripherally flat, lightly toned, inexplicably underweight because it is uncorroded and unclipped. Estimate: $275-$400.

502. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, (1659), “Star of Lima” type, rare. S-L5; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 1.34 grams. Full but badly double-struck cross and monogram of a distinctive style, king’s ordinal IIII in legend, lightly corroded AVF (salvaged) with toned fields. Pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #642. Estimate: $250-$375.

503. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1660V, “Star of Lima” type (Series III), very rare. S-L5; KM-18.2; CT-266. 26.97 grams. Broad flan with

full but off-center cross and pillars, the latter somewhat doubled, but with clear details to show the variety: PLVS / •star• / VLTRA / (•)660• in center, (L)8•V to sides (visible only on the right on this example), three dots in each quadrant of cross. Nicely toned VF. Estimate: $4,500-up.

113


504. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1660V, “Star of Lima” type (Series III), very rare. S-L5; KM-18.2; CT-266. 26.78 grams. Nice full cross with three dots in each quadrant, full but off-center pillars with PLVS / •star• / VLTRA / •660• in center, L8(•V) to right, PHIL- of king’s name in legend, nicely toned VF. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of February 1998, with original lot-tag #1127. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

505. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1660V, “Star of Lima” type (Series III), extremely rare, finest known. S-L5; KM-16; CT-842. 6.64 grams. This coin and the next lot represent the first specimens we have ever sold, and this one is as good as you can get, with full and bold crown and pillars enclosing PLVS above 2-star-2 above 660 above VLTRA, with L-V (no dots) to right and left, bold king’s ordinal IIII in legend, the cross-lions-castles also full but struck off-center, nicely toned VF with old mark to left on pillars side. Curiously, the middle digit 6 of the date is punched over a 9 (rotated 6). Estimate: $5,000-up.

506. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1660V, “Star of Lima” type (Series III), extremely rare. S-L5; KM-16; CT-842. 3.54 grams. Moderately

corroded but with bold details (albeit off-center), including crown above 660 above 2-star-2 above PLVS (with VLTRA presumably below that), toning in crevices, possible stripped hole at edge, nowhere near as nice as the previous lot but still incredibly rare, and clearly a different variety. With Sedwick photo-certificate. Estimate: $500-up.

114


507. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1660V, “Star of Lima” type 508. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1660(V), “Star of Lima” type (Series III), very rare. S-L5; KM-15; CT-990. 2.02 grams. Solid VF with

very light surface pitting and off-center strike but with bold crown above 660 above I-star-(I), LV to left (and presumably to right as well), toning and slight verdigris in crevices. Pedigreed to our Auction #12, with original lot-tag #989. Estimate: $400-up.

(Series III), very rare. S-L5; KM-15; CT-990. 3.12 grams. Lightly corroded but solid, with doubled cross and off-center pillars, the latter with clear crown above star-I-star above 660 above •PLVS(•) above VLTRA, toned on fields. Pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #641. Estimate: $350-$500.

Pillars-and-waves

509. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1718M. S-L20; KM-34; CT-640. 26.28 grams. Choice full pillars and cross but the peripheries typically flat,

511. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1740V.

bold date, AVF with attractive natural toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

assayers, but much of periphery lost to multiple heavy clips from its time. Estimate: $275-$400.

510. Lima, Peru, cob 8 reales, 1737N.

512. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1695R. S-L12; KM-23; CT-456. 13.61

S-L21; KM-34a; CT-658.

S-L22; KM-34a; CT-663.

21.41 grams. Nice full pillars and cross, with full date and two full

26.95 grams. Choice full pillars, slightly off-center cross, bold assayer

grams. Lightly toned AXF but with both sides rather doubled, clear

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com or watch and bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

and two bold dates, flat peripheries, VF+ with toning on fields. Estimate: $300-$450.

date below cross, two assayers. Estimate: $250-$375.

115


513. Lima, Peru, cob 4 reales, 1701H, Charles II posthumous. S-L15; KM-unl.; CT-463. 13.12 grams. Very choice full pillars-and-waves and cross-lions-castles, full crown, two bold assayers, richly old-toned VF with tiny edge-splits. Pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #650. Estimate: $400-$600. 514. Lima, Peru, cob 2 reales, 1685R. S-L7; KM-21; CT-559. 5.53 grams. Nice full pillars-and-waves and cross-lions-castles, three dates (rare thus), deeply toned Fine+ with lots of old scratches. Estimate: $150-$225. 515. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real, 1694M. S-L11; KM-20; CT-685. 1.89 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves, nice and full but off-center cross,

bold king’s ordinal II in legend, three dates and assayers, attractively toned VF, probably lightly clipped in its time (underweight). Estimate: $100-$150.

516. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real Royal, 1736N, very rare. S-L21; KM-unl.; CT-1472. 2.64 grams. While round like all true Royals, this coin

is distinguishable from the regular issues primarily from its even thickness and distribution of strike, with probable shaving on edge (note the low weight) preventing visible legend and other peripheral details, still with nice full cross-lions-castles and most of pillars (off-center), two full dates, nicely toned VF+ with hole at top of pillars / left of cross. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

517. Lima, Peru, cob 1 real Royal, 1738N, extremely rare.

Superb full details on both sides enhanced by rich toning, XF grade, no legends (lightly shaved) but nicely centered, with hole near edge, a truly beautiful coin despite its inevitable flaws, and clearly superior to the other publicly known specimen (Sellschopp collection, Swiss Bank Corp. auction of September 1988, lot #238). Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

S-L21; KM-unl.; CT-1473. 2.78 grams.

518. Lima, Peru, cob 1/2 real, 1684. S-L6; KM-22; CT-785. 1.22 grams. Very off-center monogram with 100% full and bold date in legend

as a result, nearly full cross, nicely toned VF. Estimate: $100-$150.

519. Lot of 5 Lima, Peru, cob 1/2R, various dates: 1684, 1693, 1699, 1714/3 and 1723. 7.21 grams total. Nice little “starter collection” of Lima 1/2R, all but the 1714/3 with two dates each, AVF on average, some nicely toned. Estimate: $250-$375. 116


Potosí Silver Cobs Shield-type

520. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer L (1st

period), rare. S-P3; KM-5.1; CT-140 (under Lima). 27.04 grams. Broad-flan

XF with excellent full shield, bold crown and legends (clearly lacking the H in HISPANIARVM), full but slightly doubled cross, lightly toned with some tiny black spots, choice specimen overall. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

523. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd

period). S-P10; KM-5.1; CT-158. 26.95 grams. Sharply round flan with good full shield and cross, nearly full crown, toned AXF with very light surface porosity. Estimate: $150-$225.

524. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer A. S-P11; 521. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer L (1st

period), rare. S-P3; KM-5.1; CT-140 (under Lima). 26.32 grams. Attractively

toned VF with particularly nice full shield and bold assayer, full but partially weak crown, full but doubled cross. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

KM-5.1; CT-157. 27.45 grams. Choice, broad, round flan with nearly full

legends and choice full crown and shield and cross, bold P-A, lustrous AU, no toning. Estimate: $400-$600.

525. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer A. S-P11; KM-5.1; CT-157. 27.55 grams.

Lightly toned VF with full shield and

522. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd cross (the latter slightly doubled), odd shape (not round). Estimate: period).

VF+ with choice full shield and crown and cross, bold assayer, some legend, patchy toning. Estimate: $250-$375. S-P10; KM-5.1; CT-158. 27.25 grams.

$300-$450.

117


526. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (4th 529. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th period). S-P12; KM-5.1. 27.35 grams. Very broad flan with nearly full

legends and crown, nice full shield, bold but slightly doubled full cross, VF with uneven toning, minor old scratches at top of cross. Estimate: $250-$375.

period). S-P14. 27.16 grams. Choice full shield and crown and cross, clear P-B, lightly toned XF, rather nice for this period. Estimate: $200-$300.

530. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th

527. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer B (4th period). S-P14. 27.00 grams. Full but slightly doubled shield and cross, period). S-P12; KM-5.1. 26.56 grams. AXF with bold full shield and cross

VF with brown toning on fields. Estimate: $150-$225.

(the latter very slightly doubled), light toning here and there, minor edge damage. Estimate: $150-$225.

528. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip II, assayer RL. S-P13;

KM-5.1; CT-159. 26.79 grams. Bold P-RL, full but doubled shield below

full crown, full but worn cross with old scratches, toning in crevices, Fine overall. Estimate: $200-$300.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

531. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer R (curved leg), ex-Karon collection.

S-P15; KM-10; CT-126 . 27.19 grams. Deeply toned VF on a broad flan with full P-R and shield and

cross, king’s ordinal III, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Paul Karon collection (Ponterio, April 2000), with original lot-tag #1084. Estimate: $200-$300.

532. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer Q. S-P17; KM-10; CT-124. 54.00 grams total. Both decent Fine with toning, full shields and crosses. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $250-$375.

118


533. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer M. S-P18; 536. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer T, back-

KM-10; CT-123. 26.88 grams. Broad flan with nice full shield, bold full cross, AXF with small edge-split. Estimate: $250-$375.

wards mintmark (“q”), quadrants of cross transposed (early 1620s). S-P21a; KM-19. 27.46 grams. Bold full q+T and shield, full but

partially weak cross, lightly toned Fine. Estimate: $150-$225.

534. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip III, assayer M, unique error with -VRAM and TE (backwards E) instead of ET in legend, denomination V over III without (no O). S-P18; KM-10; CT-123. 27.23 grams. Very strange coin with clear errors, nice full

shield and bold full cross, lightly toned AVF with one small black spot near edge on reverse. Estimate: $200-$300.

535. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1622T, quadrants of cross

transposed, rare. S-P21a; KM-19; CT-456. 27.29 grams. Good full shield

and cross, full P+T and clear 622 of date (bottom half of each digit), toned AVF. Estimate: $250-$375.

537. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)27T, quadrants of cross transposed, rare, ex-Panama hoard. S-P24; KM-19a; CT-467. 27.15 grams. Full •P•T• and shield, crude and doubled cross, nearly full but somewhat weak 7 of date, part of edge crude (as made), VF for actual wear and typically loaded with clay residue on fields. From the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard.” Estimate: $150-$225.

538. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (1)629(T), heavy-dot borders, denomination 8, ex-Panama hoard. S-P26; KM-19a; CT-470. 26.85 grams. Bold full 9 of date, very bold full cross and shield

but somewhat doubled, the assayer full as well, high grade (AU) with tiny green spots. From the ca.-1629 “Panama hoard,” with certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

539. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer not vis-

ible (late 1620s). KM-19a. 26.08 grams. Choice full shield, bold full cross, partial date, lustrous AU. Estimate: $125-$200.

119


540. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)30T. S-P26; KM-19a; CT-

Sharp AU with brown sediment covering partially lustrous fields, full but very slightly doubled shield and cross, bold denomination 8. Estimate: $300-$450. 472. 27.00 grams.

543. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 163(?)T. S-P26; KM-19a. 26.88

grams. Lustrous (non-toned) AU- with some weak areas, bold full 6 of date and assayer T, full shield and cross, edge-split. Estimate: $125-$200.

544. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, Philip IV, assayer T? (style

541. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1631T.

S-P26; KM-19a; CT-

of 1630s). KM-19a. 26.82 grams. Small, thick flan with full shield and cross and denomination •8•, non-toned XF. Estimate: $100-$150.

Good full shield with bold •P•T• and •8•, full but slightly off-center cross with clear date, lightly toned Fine+. Estimate: $200-$300. 473. 26.88 grams.

545. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1636TR, rare. S-P27; KM-19a; 542. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (16)34(T), rare. S-P26; KM-

CT-unl. 26.60 grams. Full 163 and most of final 6 of date, bold full assayer TR, full but partially flat shield and cross, VF with light steel-gray toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

19a; CT-476. 25.81 grams. Off-center strike with very bold full 4 of date, full cross and shield with nearly full king’s name and bold ordinal IIII, dark-toned About Fine with minor surface porosity. Estimate: $300-$450.

Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #17 Spring, 2015

546. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, (163)7TR, rare. S-P27; KM-

Bold full 7 of date, clear king’s ordinal IIII, nearly full shield and cross but weak much flatness, Fine for actual wear. Estimate: $150-$225.

19a; CT-480. 27.08 grams.

120


547. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1646, assayer not visible.

KM-19a. 27.29 grams. Full

date (very rare thus) rendered as 16446 due to doubling, choice full shield, good full cross (off-center), VF+ with small patches of toning. Estimate: $600-$900.

548. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer R to left (Rincón). S-P1; KM-4.2; CT-325 (under Lima). 13.64 grams. Incredibly broad flan with full legends and crown and very choice inner details (shield and cross), very minor doubling but nicely toned, AU grade, one of the finest known. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

549. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer R to

left (Rincón). S-P1; KM-4.2; CT-325 (under Lima). 13.28 grams. Smaller-

flan Fine with nice detail despite weak areas and very minor surface corrosion on reverse, particularly bold P-R and denomination oIIII. Estimate: $350-$500.

550. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer M to left,

rare. S-P2; KM-4.2; CT-323 (under Lima). 13.35 grams. Broad flan with full king’s name, clear assayer, good full cross-lions-castles, Fine with light surface corrosion and patchy dark toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

551. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer L to left (1st period). S-P3; KM-4.2; CT-321 (under Lima). 13.03 grams. Broad flan with particularly bold full legends (lacking the H in HISPANIARVM) and inner details, bold assayer L, VF with some contrast, lightly polished long ago. Estimate: $400-$600. 121


552. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer L to left

(1st period). S-P3; KM-4.2; CT-321 (under Lima). 13.06 grams. XF with bold

556. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (2nd period). S-P6; KM-4.2; CT-315 (under Lima). 13.64 grams. Lustrous XF+

king’s name in legend, choice full shield with small old gouge at top, doubled full cross, light sediment on surfaces. Estimate: $300-$450.

with good full shield and cross, spots of black around details, weak assayer. Estimate: $200-$300.

553. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer L to left

(1st period). S-P3; KM-4.2; CT-321 (under Lima). 13.50 grams. Unevenly

557. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (2nd period). S-P6; KM-4.2; CT-315 (under Lima). 13.44 grams. Broad-flan Fine

struck AVF with weak centers but bold legends and crown, doubled cross. Estimate: $125-$200.

with dark orange sediment in crevices, bold P-B and full shield and cross, much legend. Estimate: $200-$300.

554. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (1st

558. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (3rd

period). S-P4; KM-4.2. 13.29 grams. Broad flan with choice full crown, some legend (lacking the H in HISPANIARVM), full P-B with tiny P, full but partially flat shield and cross, lightly toned VF+. Estimate: $150-$225.

period). S-P10; KM-4.2; CT-342. 13.39 grams. Sharp full shield and cross, full but tiny assayer B, silvery AXF. Estimate: $200-$300.

559. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer not vis555. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (2nd

ible (style of 3rd-period B). KM-4.2. 13.24 grams. Good full shield and cross, full king’s name, lightly toned AVF. Estimate: $100-$150.

period). S-P6; KM-4.2; CT-315 (under Lima). 13.61 grams. Nice full shield and cross, bold legend on obverse, full P-B, lightly toned VF+. Estimate: $250-$375.

122


560. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer RL, ex-

”Americas” collection. S-P13; KM-4.2. 13.52 grams. Choice AU with

traces of luster, broad flan with bold full shield and cross and assayer, very light toning, possibly the finest known, with desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the “Americas” collection (Kagin’s auction of August 1983), with original lot-tag #1108. Estimate: $200-$300.

563. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (161)9T, very rare. S-P21;

KM-9; CT-unl. 13.24 grams. Bold full 9 of date and P+T/T, full but some-

what weak shield and cross, deeply toned About Fine, first specimen we have ever recorded. Estimate: $200-$300.

564. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (16)2(?), assayer not visible, lions and castles transposed in both shield and cross. KM-9. 13.70 grams. Broad flan with full and bold but doubled cross and

shield, VF+ with dark toning, bottom of penultimate 2 of date at top

561. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip II, assayer B (5th due to doubling. Estimate: $100-$150. period), borders of x’s. S-P14; KM-4.3. 13.36 grams. Choice AVF with great full shield and cross (minor weak spots) and crown and legend, both borders of x’s complete and clear, also nicely toned. Estimate: $200-$300.

565. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1636TR, extremely rare.

S-P27; KM-17a; CT-unl. 13.16 grams. Bold full 3 of date and enough curve

562. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer R

to the last digit to confirm it’s a 6 (first specimen we have recorded), full mintmark and assayer, full but weak shield, nearly full cross, Fine with light rosy toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

(curved leg). S-P15; KM-9; CT-244. 13.26 grams. Full shield with bold assayer and denomination, full but doubled cross, lightly toned XF. Estimate: $100-$150.

Bid LIVE on the Internet at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com

566. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1644TR, extremely rare.

S-P29a; KM-17a; CT-unl. 13.63 grams. Full and clear date (first specimen we have recorded) and bold full P-TR, full but partially flat (and scratched) shield and cross, AVF for actual wear. Pedigreed to the Swiss Bank Corp. auction of September 1997, with original lot-tag #1859. Estimate: $250-$375.

123


567. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, (1)651E, with two coun- 571. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer L/L/B termarks (very rare) on shield: crowned-C and crown alone.

Full shield with clear countermarks and clear assayer E on both sides, full but weak cross, bold full 5 of date, Fine with uneven toning. Estimate: $250-$375. S-P36; KM-17b. 12.85 grams.

568. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer R

(Rincón) to left. S-P1; KM-3.2; CT-485 (under Lima). 6.78 grams. Choice AU with perfectly detailed full shield and cross-lions-castles, much legend and full crown, lightly toned. Estimate: $175-$250.

(2nd period).

S-P9; KM-3.2; CT-492 (under Lima). 6.80 grams. Full and clear P-L/L/B (probably the source for the erased mess on assayer-C coins), nice full shield (slightly doubled) and cross, VF+ with some toning around details. Estimate: $175-$250.

572. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer C/erasure, rare. S-P5; KM-3.2; CT-478 (under La Plata). 6.99 grams. Broad flan with full shield and crown and cross, lustrous XF+, bold full assayer, choice specimen of a very elusive issue that Sellschopp famously (and erroneously) guessed was La Plata. Estimate: $500-$750.

569. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer R

(Rincón) to left. S-P1; KM-3.2; CT-485 (under Lima). 6.30 grams. Very broad flan with 100% full legends, sharp full shield and cross, AXF with very light surface corrosion and curious pink toning all over. Estimate: $150-$225.

573. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer C/erasure, rare. S-P5; KM-3.2; CT-478 (under La Plata). 6.80 grams. Broad, round flan with full and bold legends and crown, nice full shield and cross, messy but certain assayer, VF with toned fields (some dark spots). Estimate: $350-$500.

570. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer M to right, rare. S-P2; KM-3.2; CT-494 (under Lima). 6.78 grams. Nice full shield and cross, bold denomination ii to left and clear M to right, AVF with dark toning around details. Estimate: $200-$300.

574. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer A. S-P11;

KM-3.2; CT-508. 6.58 grams. Richly old-toned AXF with choice full shield and cross, much legend and crown, bold assayer A. Estimate: $125-$200.

124


575. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, (1)625P, date at 2-3 o’clock, quadrants of cross transposed, extremely rare. S-P23; KM-14a;

CT-unl. 6.60 grams. The 1625 date from the Potosí mint has been a bit of a red herring, for practically none of the proposed specimens has been clear enough to confirm… until now! This coin shows a very bold full 25 date, albeit in a strange place (rotated about 90 degrees from usual), outside a nearly full cross, with weak but certain assayer to left of full shield on the other side, About Fine for wear, sure to draw interest from the advanced Potosí collectors that all surely lack this date. Estimate: $250-up.

576. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, (1)631T, very rare. S-P26; KM-14a; CT-882. 5.79 grams. Full 631 of date outside of full cross, also full

shield, AVF details but lightly corroded all over. Estimate: $150-$225.

577. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1635T, very rare. S-P26; KM-14a; CT-unl. 6.31 grams. Bold date (only the second specimen we have recorded), nice full shield with bold mintmark, full but partially flat cross, AVF with very light surface corrosion, toning on fields. Estimate: $300-$450.

578. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1637, assayer not visible, very rare. KM-14a. 6.07 grams. Very bold full date (first specimen we have recorded), nearly full shield and cross (the latter slightly off-center), toned Fine with surface corrosion. Estimate: $300-$450. 579. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, (1)6(4/3?)0FR, very rare. S-P28; KM-14a; CT-unl. 7.04 grams. Choice coin with full cross and welldetailed shield, also bold mintmark and assayer, with what appears to be a clear “630” date, yet unquestionably from about a decade later. One possible explanation is that this coin was struck in 1640 and the penultimate digit was accidentally left unchanged (since FR is not really know prior to 1640 anyway). VF+ with attractive toning. Estimate: $200-$300. 580. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, (1)640TR, very rare. S-P27; KM-14a. 6.78 grams. Full and clear date (first specimen we have recorded)

outside full cross, weak but certain assayer next to full but off-center shield, lightly surface-corroded Fine+ with patchy dark toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

581. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, (16)44TR, very rare. S-P29; KM-14a; CT-886. 6.08 grams. Choice but off-center strike with full cross, clear date, bold full assayer, nice AVF with contrasting toning. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of April 2003, with original lot-tag #2332. Estimate: $200-$300. 582. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer B (2nd period). S-P6; KM-2.2; CT-649. 3.25 grams. Broad flan with choice full shield and cross despite minor doubling, bold assayer B and much legend, toned VF+ with contrasting sediment on fields. Estimate: $100-$150. 583. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1618(T), denomination to left, rare. S-P21; KM-7; CT-unl. 3.25 grams. Bold date (off-center cross) and full shield, backwards S in king’s name, Fine+ with light toning on fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

125


584. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (16)28P/T, rare. S-P25; KM-12a;

591. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (1)644, assayer not visible,

CT-unl. 3.35 grams.

Very bold full P•P/T, choice full shield, off-center cross, weak but certain date, toned AVF. Pedigreed to our Auction #3, with original lot-tag #557. Estimate: $100-$150.

rare. KM-12a. 3.22 grams. Bold full 44 of date, nice full cross and shield, AVF with contrasting toning. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of April 2003, with original lot-tag #2328. Estimate: $150-$225.

585. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (16)29T, rare. S-P26; KM-12a;

592. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (1)647, assayer not visible,

Choice full cross and shield with contrasting toning, clear bottom half of 29 of date. Pedigreed to our Auction #3, with original lot-tag #558. Estimate: $150-$225.

CT-unl. 3.35 grams.

reverse legend rotated 180 degrees, very rare. KM-12a. 3.95 grams.

Bold full 447 of date (the 4 appearing twice, without any doublestriking to explain it) at bottom of full but off-center cross, full but slightly crude shield, About Fine with contrasting toning, holed near edge. Estimate: $250-$375.

586. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1632(T), very rare. S-P26; KM-

12a; CT-1027. 2.94 grams. Full and clear date, full but oversized shield, off-center cross, lightly toned Fine. Estimate: $200-$300.

587. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1635T, rare.

S-P26; KM-12a;

CT-1029. 2.81 grams. Clear bottom half of date outside full but slightly off-center cross, good full shield despite weak spots, VF with spotty toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

593. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, (1650)O, with I-O punched over centered I to right. S-P35; KM-12b; CT-1046. 3.81 grams. Choice specimen showing the transition in 1650 (albeit without date visible) to the placement of the assayer on both sides of the shield (first we have seen), choice full cross and shield, VF with contrasting toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

594. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer M below, mintmark P to left of monogram, rare. S-P2; KM-2.2; CT-709 (under Lima). 1.78 grams. Very broad flan with full legends and crown, monogram and cross, clear M, nicely toned VF+ with hole at one end of cross. Estimate: $100-$150.

588. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1639, assayer not visible,

very rare. KM-12a. 3.03 grams. Bold 63 and weak but certain 9 of date, good full cross, oversized shield, Fine+ with contrasting toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

589. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1640, assayer not visible, very rare. KM-12a. 3.05 grams. Very clear date (full 64), choice XF with

luster, nearly full shield and cross. Estimate: $250-$375.

590. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real,

1644T, very rare.

S-P29; KM-12a;

Full and clear 44 of date and P-T, good full cross and shield, lightly toned, VF details but with light surface corrosion. Estimate: $150-$225.

CT-1037. 3.09 grams.

595. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, Philip II, assayer B to left

(3rd period), mintmark P below monogram. S-P10; KM-unl.; CTunl. 1.66 grams. Choice full crown and monogram and cross, bold B and

P, AXF with toning around details. Estimate: $125-$200.

596. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, Philip III, assayer Q/C (very rare) to left of monogram. S-P16; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 1.49 grams.

Bold assayer and first example of this over-assayer we have seen in this denomination, good full monogram and cross, toned VF. Estimate: $125-$200.

126


597. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer R (Rincón) to right, mintmark P to left, finest known. S-P1; KM-

Broadest flan we have ever seen on a 1/4R, with 100% full legends and crown and choice inner details, attractively toned XF, not only the finest known for this assayer (first issue of the mint) but probably also the finest Potosí cob 1/4 real of all time. Estimate: $3,500-up. A1; CT-764 (under Lima). 0.83 gram.

598. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer B to left

(2nd period), mintmark P to right, rare. S-P6; KM-B1; CT-770. 0.84 gram. Choice full castle and lion, bold B-P, both crowns and much legend, deeply toned AVF. Estimate: $500-$750.

599. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/4 real, Philip II, assayer B to left (5th period), mintmark P to right, border of boxes on castle side only, rare. S-P14; KM-B1; CT-unl. 0.83 gram. Bold but crude full castle and lion, clear B-P, both crowns full, Fine+ with patchy toning. Estimate: $500-$750.

1652 Transitionals

600. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1652E Transitional, McLean Type II, both 4’s rotated, very rare, ex-Capitana (1654).

S-P37; KM-B18; CT-734. 11.96 grams. Good full cross-and-tressure and pillars-and-waves (the latter slightly doubled), with date below cross and 2 of second date in legend, full crown above clear F-4-IIII, with clear E-4-E above waves, toned AVF with no corrosion at all. From the Capitana (1654). Estimate: $500-$750.

601. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2 real, (1652E) transitional, McLean Type IIc, rare.

S-P37; KM-13; CT-unl. 0.80 gram. Nice but off-center pillars with clear (PL)-VS-VL / (T)-R-A, bold full cross despite light surface corrosion, toned VF for actual wear. Estimate: $100-$150.

127


Pillars-and-waves

602. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1652E post-transitional

(Transitional Type VIII/B), 1•PH•6 at top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-434.

27.07 grams. Broad flan with full but slightly crude pillars-and-waves

and cross-lions-castles, bold 1•PH•6, parts of all three dates, Fine with patchy dark toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

603. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1653E, •PH• at top. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-437. 25.09 grams. Richly toned VF with full pillars-and-waves, off-center cross, full king’s name, two dates, three assayers. Estimate: $175-$250.

604. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1657E, •pomegranate• at top of pillars. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-445. 26.60 grams. Full and bold pillars and cross, well centered, nicely toned VF, two dates, three assayers. Estimate: $300-$450.

605. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1659E, with “NE” countermark (possibly New England, 1650s). S-P37a; KM-R21; CT-422. 26.01 grams. Die-match with Lázaro #159, very deeply toned VF with full details, plugged hole near edge at top of pillars, the rare and

mysterious countermark (found only on Potosí Royal 8R from the 1650s) very deeply impressed in the upper-right quadrant of the cross. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

128


606. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1659E. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-447.

23.86 grams. Choice full pillars-and-waves, full but weaker cross, both

slightly off-center, nice full crown and bold PERV in legend, two dates on pillars side, toned Fine+, probably lightly clipped in its time. Estimate: $300-$450.

607. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1660E, 4-digit date between pillars, very rare. S-P37a; KM-21; CT-448. 26.43 grams. Diematch with Lázaro #162, very eye-catching and fascinating as the ONLY issue in which a 4-digit date was placed between the pillars, lightly toned VF with all details full and clear (hint of doubling on pillars), small hole near edge at top of left pillar. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

608. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1667E, Charles II. S-P37b; 609. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, “1668”E, Philip IV. 28.09 Technically no worse than XF but with much flatness and both sides doubled, brown sediment on fields, parts of three dates (full 667 below cross) and assayers and mintmarks. Estimate: $175-$250.

KM-26; CT-342. 27.03 grams.

grams. Full pillars-and-waves with bold 68 in middle and even bolder 1668 in legend but both dates contrived (cut out of flat areas), as the king’s name PHIL- is visible (Philip IV coins ended in 1667, which may have been this coin’s original date), with nearly full but partially flat cross and crown, toned AVF. Estimate: $350-$500.

129


610. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1669/8E, very rare. S-P37b;

KM-26; CT-unl. 26.55 grams. Nice full pillars-and-waves (slightly doubled

and off-center) with clear 69 in smaller digits than normal for 1669 and with clear 69/8 in legend (first example we have ever seen), full cross with third date (looks like 665 due to doubling) below, lightly toned VF+ with old test-cut in edge. Estimate: $250-up.

611. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1676E.

S-P37b; KM-26; CT-

Good full cross (slightly doubled) with bold date below and •pomegranate• above (nice crown above that), bold waves (also doubled) and one full pillar, old-toned VF with much flatness. Estimate: $175-$250. 351. 27.34 grams.

612. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1681V. S-P39; KM-26; CT-363.

25.67 grams. Bold date above full waves, nice crown at top, full but very messy cross with second date below, partially toned AVF. Estimate: $300-$450.

613. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1681V. S-P39; KM-26; CT-363.

26.80 grams. Bold full pillars-and-waves and cross, bold king’s name

and ordinal in legend, three dates and assayers, two mintmarks, VF with lovely toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

614. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1683V. S-P39; KM-26; CT-365. 27.45 grams. Broad flan with full pillars-and-waves topped by a well-

detailed full crown, two dates on that side, the cross also full but with some flatness at bottom, bold king’s ordinal II, non-toned VF with edge-split. Estimate: $250-$375.

615. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1686VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-

369. 26.81 grams. Three

bold dates, richly toned AXF with darker area near edge, full but doubled pillars and cross on a broad flan. Estimate: $250-$375.

130


616. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1687VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-372.

27.16 grams. Bold but doubled full cross and pillars, parts of all three dates and mintmarks and assayers, AVF with nice toning on fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

617. Potosí, Bolivia, cob

denomination set of 8-42-1-1/2 reales, 1688VR, ex-Sellschopp. S-P39. 52.07

grams total. Cob date-sets are very hard to assemble these days, and many of the Sellschopp sets like this one have been long since broken up. What stands out most in this set is the 4R, with 3 dates and choice full cross, but all the other denominations have multiple dates (yes, even the 1/2R) and nice details, the average grade being VF, with generally attractive toning, hence a premium set even without the famous pedigree. Pedigreed the Sellschopp collection (Swiss Bank Corp. auction of September 1988) and to our Auction #10, with original lottag #789. Estimate: $1,000$1,500.

618. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1691VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-

377. 26.09 grams. Choice full pillars and cross (both slightly off-center), two dates and assayers, three mintmarks, elegantly toned all over, AXF. Estimate: $500-$750.

619. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1694VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT380. 27.15 grams. Full but doubled cross, full waves and one full pillar,

flat peripheries, large edge-split, darkly toned AVF with sediment on fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

620. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1695VR. S-P40; KM-26; CT-381. 26.91 grams. Full cross, full but slightly doubled pillars-and-waves, parts

of three dates, low-contrast Fine+. Estimate: $200-$300.

131


621. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1698F. S-P42; KM-26; CT-387. 27.23 grams. Full but very much double-struck pillars and cross, parts

of all three dates, bold assayer, AVF with patchy toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

623. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1700F. S-P42; KM-26; CT-389.

26.79 grams. One pillar and most of waves, incomplete (and slightly doubled) cross due to weak strike, AVF with some corrosion and dark spots. Pedigreed to the Stack’s Coin Galleries auction of April 2010, with original lot-tag #1695. Estimate: $200-$300.

622. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1700F. S-P42; KM-26; CT-389. 624. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1700F. S-P42; KM-26; CT-389. 25.93 grams. Choice full cross and pillars-and-waves, three mintmarks

and assayers, bold VF with sediment on fields, slightly odd shape (and possibly lightly clipped long ago). Estimate: $350-$500.

27.16 grams. Full pillars-and-waves and cross but with weak centers,

bold full CAROL(VS) in legend, two dates, three assayers, deeply toned Fine with edge-crack. Estimate: $200-$300.

625. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales Royal, 1706Y. S-P43a; KM-R31; CT-807. 26.58 grams. AVF with contrasting toning, bold EL PERV and date in legend, practically no doubling (unlike both Lázaro specimens, which are from different dies anyway), holed at top of pillars as usual. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

132


626. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1708Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-868.

26.44 grams. Full pillars with very bold waves, two assayers, bold date,

nearly full but off-center cross, VF with typical peripheral flatness. Estimate: $200-$300.

627. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1720Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-880. 24.69 grams. Full cross and pillars (well centered), very scarce date, VF

details but with dark spots and light surface corrosion as from unspecified salvage. Estimate: $200-$300.

628. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1722Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-882.

26.75 grams. Choice specimen on a compact flan, with 100% full and

well-centered cross-lions-castles and pillars, three assayers, AVF with contrasting light sediment on fields. Estimate: $300-$450.

629. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1723Y. S-P43a; KM-31; CT-883.

25.07 grams. Two full dates (very scarce), nearly full cross and pillars,

full POTOSÍ, partially toned AVF. Estimate: $250-$375.

630. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1730M. S-P44; KM-31a; CT-

Good full cross and pillars, two full assayers and mintmarks, low-contrast VF+, inexplicably underweight. Estimate: $175-$250.

887. 24.60 grams.

631. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1731M. S-P47; KM-31a; CT-901.

27.09 grams. Bold date below and bold assayer to right of nearly full

cross, the pillars also nearly full and with bold date and assayer, deeply toned VF with minor verdigris. Estimate: $200-$300.

632. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1740M. S-P47; KM-31a; CT-901. 26.16 grams. Full and well-centered pillars with bold date, bold full cross

with second date below, deeply toned AVF. Estimate: $300-$450.

633. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1742C/P. S-P49; KM-31a; CTunl. 26.51 grams. Bold full pillars-and-waves with two full dates on that side, also two clear C/P’s, the cross also full and bold with bold C/P to right, AXF with contrasting toning. Estimate: $350-$500.

133


634. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1748q. S-P50a; KM-40; CT-358. 26.24 grams. Broad, almost Royal-like flan with full inner details (cross

and pillars) and most of legends, three dates, AVF with dark fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

638. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1764V-Y. S-P57; KM-45; CT-951.

27.01 grams. Full cross, one full pillar, flatness and corrosion in periphery (from striking), otherwise AXF for the era. Estimate: $175-$250.

639. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1766V-Y. S-P57; KM-45; CT-953. 635. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1760(Y)-V, rare.

S-P56a;

KM-45; CT-unl. 26.49 grams. Full and well-centered pillars with two clear

26.94 grams. Bold full pillars and cross, two dates and all three assayers,

nicely toned AXF with edge-split. Estimate: $250-$375.

dates and clear V at bottom left (much rarer than V-Y), nearly full but weaker cross, AVF with toned fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

640. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1771V-(Y). S-P59; KM-45; CT-

636. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1762V-(Y).

S-P57; KM-45;

Bold date and denomination and mintmark on pillars side, full assayer and most of king’s name to right of off-center cross, Fine with patchy toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

CT-949. 26.76 grams.

962. 26.92 grams. Very chunky flan but nicely toned (good contrast), with bold date, off-center cross, old marks and surface corrosion from striking. Estimate: $175-$250.

641. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1773/2V-(Y), rare final year 637. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1764V-Y. S-P57; KM-45; CT-951. of cobs. S-P59; KM-45; CT-unl. 27.08 grams. AXF for era but typically

26.54 grams. Choice specimen with full ANO showing backwards N, bold assayer, three dates, full cross and waves, deeply toned VF with contrasting sediment. Estimate: $350-$500.

crudely struck on a chunky flan, with full and clear date and overdate, very three-dimensional cross, contrasting toning, surface corrosion from striking. Estimate: $250-$375.

134


642. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 8 reales, 1773/2V-Y, rare final year

of cobs. S-P59; KM-45; CT-unl. 26.70 grams. Good cross (nearly full but

oversized), one full pillar, chunky AVF with light surface corrosion from striking. Estimate: $250-$375.

643. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1659E. S-P37a; KM-18; CT-751.

11.08 grams. Nearly full but off-center pillars and cross, bold assayer,

two dates, Fine+ with slightly crusty toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

646. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1689VR. S-P40; KM-25; CT-517.

14.31 grams. Interesting urn-shaped (and slightly overweight) flan with full crown and pillars and cross, bold date and assayer, AVF with dark patches. Estimate: $350-$500.

647. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1691VR. S-P40; KM-25; CT-519.

13.37 grams. Bold details on both sides (nice cross and pillars), Fine+

with nice contrast. Estimate: $250-$375.

648. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1705Y. S-P43a; KM-30; CT-1086.

644. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1665E. S-P37a; KM-18; CT-757.

13.47 grams. Bold full pillars-and-waves with full date and mintmark and assayer, off-center cross with bold mintmark, toned AVF with small edge-split. Estimate: $175-$250.

13.19 grams. Bold full pillars-and-waves and cross-lions-castles despite

weak spots, two mintmarks and assayers, bold king’s ordinal IIII, VF. Estimate: $200-$300.

649. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1728M. S-P44; KM-30; CT-1108. 645. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1686VR. S-P40; KM-25; CT-514.

13.85 grams. Full pillars, slightly off-center full cross, two dates, Fine+

with edge-split, patchy toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

12.28 grams. Good full pillars, off-center and surface-corroded cross,

two full dates and assayers, toned AVF with edge-split. Estimate: $200-$300.

135


650. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1766V-Y-V. S-P57; KM-44; CT-1159. 13.51 grams. Round and chunky with bold date, good but incom-

plete cross and pillars, lightly toned AXF with surface corrosion from striking. From the “Arequipa hoard” (ca. 1767), with Sedwick certificate from 2004. Estimate: $200-$300.

651. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1767(V)-Y. S-P57; KM-44; CT-1160. 12.83 grams. Very crude, odd shape (part of metal folded over itself ),

but bold details (pillars, cross, assayer and three dates), VF with contrasting toning, surface corrosion from striking. From the “Arequipa hoard” (ca. 1767). Estimate: $200-$300.

652. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1771V-(Y). S-P59; KM-44; CT-1164. 13.34 grams. Lightly toned Fine with bold date and denomination,

well centered on a typically chunky flan. Estimate: $175-$250.

653. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1771(V-Y). S-P59; KM-44; CT-1164. 13.33 grams. Bold date but otherwise crude and chunky, nicely toned at least, and no worse than Fine+ for actual wear. Estimate: $150-$225.

654. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 4 reales, 1773(V-Y), rare final date of cobs. S-P59; KM-44; CT-1166. 13.67 grams. Very bold denomination, tops only (but certain) of date, off-center oversized cross, nicely toned AXF, very chunky but round flan. Estimate: $200-$300. 655. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1653E, PH at top. S-P37a; KM-16; CT-898. 6.44 grams. Complete central detail on pillars side, including date with oversized digit 3, also full and well-detailed cross-lions-castles, AXF. Estimate: $150-$225.

656. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1656E, PH

at top, with “Golden Fleece” countermark of Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (1652-72), unique on this denomination. S-P37a; KM-16; CT-

900. 5.21 grams. Toned Fine+ with full pillars and full countermark, weak cross due to concavity, most of king’s name, three assayers, inexplicably underweight. Estimate: $500-up.

657. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1660E. S-P37a; KM-16; CT-908. 6.24 grams. Broad flan with full 1660 date in legend and most of king’s name, good full pillarsand-waves, full but doubled cross, toned AVF with minor porosity. Estimate: $100-$150.

136


658. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1679C, unique error struck over 4 reales. S-P38; KM-24; CT-607. 7.06 grams. What

a fascinating cob! The planchet is broad but thin and was apparently initially struck with a 4R die but then was struck as a 2R with way more details than usual for the date, both sides nearly full (like a Royal but not round), just a little doubled, attractively toned and high grade (XF+). Estimate: $350-$500.

659. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1680V. S-P39; KM-24; CT-609. 5.75 grams. Unevenly struck but attractively toned VF with two clear dates but flat on the main one between the full pillars, bold (P)OTOSI and CA(ROLVS), edge-split, inexplicably underweight. Estimate: $100-$150. 660. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales, 1686VR. S-P40; KM-24; CT-617. 6.22 grams. Very broad but uneven flan with large edge-split, full pillars and cross, bold date, VF+ with some toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

661. Lot of 3 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales of Philip V, assayer Y: 1707, 1708 and 1709. S-P43a; KM-29. 20.16 grams total. Choice examples with nice full crosses and pillars, multiple dates, VF-XF. Estimate: $350-$500.

662. Lot of 7 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 2 reales of Philip V, assayer Y: 1705, 1706, 1707, 1708, 1709, 1710 and 1711. S-P43a; KM-

Clear (or multiple) dates, full pillars and crosses, F-VF overall, a scarce and attractive date-run. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

29. 44.61 grams total.

663. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real Royal(?), 1655E. S-P37a; KM-

13; CT-1055. 2.41 grams. Round and evenly struck but underweight so probably shaved, yet with three full dates, full inner details, deeply toned AVF. Estimate: $250-up.

137


664. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1677/6E (overdate on cross side only), rare, ex-Mark Bir collection. S-P37b; KM-23; CT-unl. 3.92 grams. Choice details, full pillars but incomplete cross, both dates

clear (with 7/6 only below the cross) and with curious up-pointing serif on front tip of each 7, also with full pomegranate ornament at top, full POTOSÍ, one full lion with long tongue and no forepaw (looks like a running lizard), richly toned XF, quite an intriguing piece! Pedigreed to the Mark Bir collection, with his tag, and also to our Auction #6, with original lot-tag #1100. Estimate: $150-$225.

665. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real Royal, 1686VR, extremely

rare. S-P40; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 2.96 grams. Round and thin, with full details including most of legends, darkly toned Fine+ with crusty surfaces and two crude holes at bottom of cross, first example we have seen. Estimate: $500-$750.

666. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real, 1697F/CH, rare. S-P42; KM-23; CT-unl. 3.46 grams. Bold date, three assayers (one with clear F/CH), full but off-center pillars and cross, nice VF with flat areas. Estimate: $125-$200.

667. Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1 real Royal, 1729M, extremely

rare. S-P44; KM-unl.; CT-unl. 3.12 grams. Round and thin (in stark contrast to the regular issues for this period), with full inner details, the cross just off-center enough to show a bold second date, three assayers and mintmarks, VF+ with toning on fields. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

668. Lot of 6 Potosí, Bolivia, cob 1/2R, Charles II, various dates: 1683, 1690, 1691, 1694, 1698 and 1699. KM-22. 9.82 grams total. Choice “starter collection” of Potosí cob 1/2R, all with at least two and some with three visible dates, all VF or so, the 1694 holed, the

1690 ex-Burzio. Estimate: $300-$450.

138


Other Silver Cobs Dominican Republic 669. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, 1/2 real, Charles-Joanna, no assayer (F), mintmark P to left and S to right, extremely rare. S-SD1; KM-24; CT-189. 1.08 grams. Lightly corroded all over but still with mostly readable details, showing Latin lettering, ringlet ornaments, king and queen’s name on both sides, contrasting toning. From the “Pewter Wreck,” sunk in the mid-1500s off Santo Domingo, with Global Marine Exploration photo-certificate and media packet #PC01254S. Estimate: $1,500-up.

670. Lot of 23 Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, copper 671. Lot of 23 Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, copper 4 maravedís, Charles-Joanna, assayer F or oF. S-SD1; KM-24; CT189. 72.75 grams total. Generally good details, some coppery and some dark, a few with green spots and/or corrosion, many different varieties, great for study, popular as the first coins struck in the Caribbean. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $200-$300.

4 maravedís, Charles-Joanna, assayer F or oF. S-SD1; KM-24; CT189. 71.00 grams total. Generally good details, some coppery and some dark, a few with green spots and/or corrosion, many different varieties, great for study, popular as the first coins struck in the Caribbean. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $200-$300.

Panama 672. Panama(?), “C” countermark on a Seville, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, mintmark S on reverse, very rare. 2.85 grams.

Low-contrast but lustrous VF with full inner details, much legend and crown, but the most important feature—the countermark—is 100% bold and fully punched (very deeply too), with raised C inside fully visible for study. Estimate: $500-$750.

673. Panama(?), “P” countermark on a Seville, Spain (special issue struck for the Americas), 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, three vertical dots on each side of shield, mintmark S on reverse, extremely rare. 2.79 grams. Rare and choice host coin with 100% full XF details (including legends), the countermark also full and clear, consisting of just an incuse P with long foot (looks like a PL monogram). Estimate: $500-$750.

674. Panama(?), “P” countermark on a Pamplona, Spain, 1 real, Ferdinand II,

very rare. 2.82 grams. Odd host for this issue, but good for showing the mix of coins that were imported to and circulated in colonial Panama, with full shield and cross and nearly full (Gothic) legends, AVF overall, with very deeply impressed incuse countermark with long foot. Estimate: $500-$750.

139


675. Panama(?), “P� countermark on a Seville, Spain, 1/2 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, no mintmark or assayer, very rare. 1.47 grams. Somewhat corroded Fine with extremely bold

and toned incuse countermark (showing prominent left foot), much legend. Estimate: $500-$750.

676. Panama, cob 2 reales, Philip II, assayer oB to left, very rare. Proctor-2R.3B.; KM-3.2; CT-507. 6.40

grams. Toned VF with light surface corrosion and toning,

full but slightly doubled inner details and crown, much legend, weak but certain assayer, clear AP-II, one of the few specimens known that is NOT plated in Proctor. With Sedwick photo-certificate from 2007, and pedigreed to the collection of Dr. Russell Mitchell, who unearthed it in the mid-1900s. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

677. Panama, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer not visible but style of oB to left, very rare. Proctor-1R.5B/7B.; KM-2; CT-647. 2.45 grams. Choice full cross, full but off-center shield with bold AP-I to

right (assayer to left off the flan), nicely toned VF but thin from corrosion, hybrid of dies in Proctor (hence technically missing in that reference). Estimate: $3,000-up.

678. Panama, cob 1 real, Philip II, assayer oX to right, very rare. Proctor-1R.3X.; KM-2; CT-646. 3.07 grams.

Odd shape but not corroded like most, with good full shield and cross, bold AP to left and clear I-oX to right, much bold legend, nicely toned on fields. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

140


Colombia

679. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 8 reales, 162(7-8)(P), quadrants of cross transposed, rare, ex-Lasser. Restrepo-M44.6a; S-B4; KM-3.3.

27.00 grams. Choice full shield and cross, bits of legend and crown, N of mintmark clear to left, full denomination •VIII• to right, lightly toned

XF with minor flat spots, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Joseph Lasser collection. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

680. Cartagena, Colombia, cob 4 reales, Philip IV, assayer not visible (E), mintmark RN (late 1620s), rare, ex-Lasser. Restrepo-M36.2;

S-C3; KM-2.4. 13.61 grams. Thick and almost octagonal flan with bold full shield and cross, full mintmark RN, lightly toned VF, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Joseph Lasser collection. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

681. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 reales, Philip V, assayer VA to right

(1715-22), rare. Restrepo-M72.2; S-B12; KM-unl. 6.70 grams. Full but off-center pillars with bold PLV / SVL / TRA in center, denomination II to left and bottom of VA to right, full but oversized shield on other side with unusually proper quadrants, toned Fine+. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

682. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 2 reales, (17)24S, extremely rare (unlisted date), ex-1770 Bogotá hoard.

Restrepo-unl. (cf. M72.4); S-B13; KM-unl. 7.07 grams. Broad flan with full and bold (fat) pillars containing PLV / SVL/ TRA and mintmark NR with o above, second mintmark •F• to left and assayer •S• to right, bottom half of 4 of date at 11 o’clock, also with full shield with transposed lions and castles (as usual), denomination •2• (vertically) to left and •II• to right, much of king’s name (Philip V) in legend, nice VF with hole in crown near edge. Note: This was the ONLY Colombian cob found in this hoard, which was the source of the famous 1770 pillar dollars (see lot 752). From the 1770 Bogotá hoard. Estimate: $3,500-up.

141


683. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 1 real, Philip IV, assayer P to

right (ca. 1627), quadrants of cross transposed, rare. Restrepo-

M20.3; S-B4; KM-5. 3.31 grams. Full but off-center shield with clear •I•P•

to right, choice full cross-lions-castles, AVF, mostly nicely toned. Estimate: $400-$600.

684. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 1/2 real, Philip IV, no assayer (style of Ramos, ca. 1662), rare. Restrepo-M16.6; S-B7; KM-8. 1.62 grams. Richly toned but off-center XF with nearly full monogram with

clear PHILI- of king’s name, bold cross with proper quadrants (castle matching the known 1662) and part of legend. Estimate: $150-$225.

685. Bogotá, Colombia, cob 1/4 real, (1755), extremely rare. Restrepo-M91.1; S-unl.; KM-A29. 1.31 grams. This strange issue first came to light in 2008, at which time it was attributed to Philip V without considering that the telltale “tulip” border around the rims matched what was on the edges of 1759 pillar dollars and therefore is now believed to have been introduced to the silver cobs of Ferdinand VI (of which only these 1/4R are known to exist so far) in 1755. This specimen shows a rather weak but certain lion and castle in centers (call it VG, with toning), but much of the tulip border is present. The crazy thing about this specimen, unlike the others known, is that it has the weight of a 1/2R! Clearly there are more mysteries to be solved here, but in any case this is a very important type-coin which only four collectors at most can own. Estimate: $1,000-up.

Guatemala

686. Guatemala, cob 8 reales, (174)4J, very rare. S-G1; KM-6;

CT-604. 26.88 grams. Small, thick and sharply cut flan with good centers but very little periphery except for the mintmark G and full 4 of date (die style does not match 1734, the only other possibility), Fine with very light toning, no hole. Estimate: $500-up.

687. Guatemala, cob 8 reales, 1752/1J, rare overdate. S-G1a;

KM-12; CT-283. 26.13 grams. Broad flan with 100% full and bold date (the overdate not obvious but certain) and king’s ordinal, much central detail despite a large natural bubble-hole, deeply toned AVF for type. Estimate: $400-$600.

688. Guatemala, cob 8 reales, 1752J.

S-G1a; KM-12; CT-284.

26.79 grams. Nice full pillars and waves and crowned globes, good

but off-center crowned shield, full assayer and mintmark and most of date, lightly toned VF for type, with small hole in point near edge. Estimate: $150-$225.

142


689. Guatemala, cob 4 reales, 1737(J). S-G1; KM-5; CT-956. 12.89 grams. Choice full date below full crowned globes and waves, full and well-detailed but slightly off-center crowned shield, toned VF+ (for type) with only traces of surface corrosion. From the Reijgersdaal (1747). Estimate: $200-$300.

690. Guatemala, cob 4 reales, 1739(J). S-G1; KM-5; CT-958. 12.95

grams. Big flan with plugged hole in blank area, full and bold date,

full crown on off-center shield side, VG with contrasting toning. Estimate: $175-$250.

692. Guatemala, cob 4 reales, 1752J. S-G1a; KM-11; CT-393. 13.11

grams. Squarish flan with sharp points, clear date but very worn (Good), large old hole at one point near edge. Estimate: $100-$150.

693. Guatemala, cob 4 reales, 1752J. S-G1a; KM-; CT-393. 12.91

grams. Very bold full date, full assayer and king’s ordinal VI on a toned AVG with old hole and natural lacuna near edge. Estimate: $100-$150.

694. Guatemala, cob 2 reales, 1751(J). S-G1a; KM-10; CT-456. 6.54

grams. Choice Fine with contrasting toning, bold date and mintmark, attractive shield, holed near edge. Estimate: $100-$150.

695. Guatemala, cob 1/2 real, 1753J, rare final date of 691. Guatemala, cob 4 reales, (1)752J, with contemporary Guatemala cobs. S-G1a; KM-8; CT-622. 1.37 grams. Oblong flan with

counterfeit sun-over-mountains countermark (Type II, 1843). S-G1a; KM-11; CT-393. 13.23 grams. Interesting coin with bold

date and assayer, one full pillar, AVF with trace of luster, and messy (fake) countermark in center, holed near edge. Estimate: $125-$200.

well-centered design, full but crude date, full assayer, About Fine with toned fields, typically holed at one end. Pedigreed to our Auction #11 (lot #884), and to the Ponterio auction of April 1997 (lot #3094, misattributed to 1733). Estimate: $100-$150.

Spain (for use in the New World) Ferdinand-Isabel 696. Seville, Spain (special issue struck

for the Americas), 1 real, Ferdinand-Isabel, three vertical dots on each side of shield, mintmark S on reverse, very rare. CT-392. 2.85

grams. Full details on both sides (including legends)

despite light surface corrosion, otherwise VF+ with hint of luster, the all-important “crowned F” on reverse quite bold. Estimate: $500-$750.

143


Spain Ferdinand-Isabel

699. Seville, Spain, 4 reales, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer er-

697. Seville, Spain, 4 reales, Ferdinand-Isabel, no assayer, Gothic legends. CT-217. 13.36 grams. Choice specimen on an im-

mine on reverse. CT-208. 12.75 grams. Very broad flan with nearly full legends, choice full inner details, lustrous AU with hint of surface corrosion in places. Estimate: $250-$375.

mense flan with full legends (Latin) and crown and inner details, richly toned AXF with central weakness, very attractive overall. Estimate: $350-$500.

700. Seville, Spain, 2 reales, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer * on

698. Seville, Spain, 4 reales, Ferdinand-Isabel, assayer Gothic

reverse. CT-212. 6.42 grams. Bold AU with hint of surface corrosion, choice full crown and shield and yoke-and-arrows, much legend, lustrous. Estimate: $125-$200.

D on reverse. CT-211. 13.71 grams. AU with choice, bold inner details, nearly full legends, no toning (hint of luster). Estimate: $300-$450.

Philip II

701. Seville, Spain, cob 4 reales, 1592B. CT-401. 13.58 grams. Toned AVF with hairline edge-split, good full cross and shield, full date to right, weak S-IIII-B to left, most of crown. Estimate: $200-$300.

702. Toledo, Spain, cob 4 reales, Philip III, assayer C, error

in legend HIPAN- (lacking the S). 13.62 grams. Bold full shield (slightly doubled) with clear T-C to left and denomination IIII to right, full but off-center cross with bold legend (showing the error), VF+ with uneven toning, light scratches on cross. Estimate: $100-$150.

144


World Silver Coins Argentina

703. La Rioja, Argentina (River Plate Provinces), 8 reales, 1836P, encapsulated NGC AU 55. KM-20. Attractively toned, with hairline edge-split to left of date. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

704. La Rioja, Argentina, 8 reales, 1838R, coin rotation, encapsulated NGC AU 55. KM-8. Lustrous and rainbow toned. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

705. La Rioja, Argentina, 2 reales, 1860-B. KM-26. 6.21 grams. UNC with faint surface hairlines, light toning around details, minor marks on reverse rim, scarcer type. Estimate: $500-$750.

706. La Rioja, Argentina, 1/2 real, 1854B, CONFEDERA-

CION ARGENTINA and CRED PUB DE LA RIOJA. KM-25.

1.49 grams. AU details with very light surface hairlines, uneven toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

Bolivia (colonial) Pillars 707. PotosĂ­, Bolivia, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1767JR,

4-petal rosettes, rare first date of series, encapsulated NGC XF 45. KM-50; CT-966. Deeply rainbow toned, with underlying luster.

Estimate: $3,500-$7,000.

145


Busts

708. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1778PR, en- 711. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1807PJ, capsulated NGC MS 62. KM-55; CT-979. Highly lustrous and flashy, with slightly off-center obverse, a few letters on reverse re-punched. Estimate: $600-$900.

encapsulated NGC AU 58. KM-73; CT-731. Nice luster with parts of rims weak due to slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $200-$300.

712. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1819PJ, 709. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV transitional encapsulated NGC AU 58. KM-84; CT-606. Deeply toned with (bust of Charles III, ordinal IV), 1790PR. KM-64; CT-711. 26.85 grams. Rainbow-toned AVF with weak centers, slightly crude rims (as

underlying luster. Estimate: $250-$375.

made). Estimate: $100-$150.

710. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1805PJ, encapsulated NGC AU 53. KM-73; CT-729. Lustrous, with weak center on reverse. Estimate: $200-$300.

713. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1824J, rare single assayer, encapsulated NGC AU 55, second finest known specimen in NGC census, ex-Whittier. KM-84; CT-615. Incipient toning, some luster under bagmarks, choice grade for this key date/assayer (sold for $2750 in Whittier sale), desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Whittier collection (stated inside the slab). Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

Bid LIVE on the Internet at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com 146


714. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles III, 1775JR, encapsulated NGC AU 53, second finest known in NGC census, ex-Whittier. KM-54; CT-1176. Choice strike, lightly rainbow toned with underlying luster, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Whittier collection (stated inside the slab). Estimate: $500-$750.

716. Potosí, Bolivia, 1/4 real, 1798, encapsulated NGC MS 66, finest and only graded specimen in NGC census, exWhittier. KM-82; CT-1413. Truly exceptional strike and grade, with all

details perfect and totally free of wear or marks, all lightly toned and lustrous, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Whittier collection (stated inside the slab). Estimate: $500-$750.

715. Potosí, Bolivia, bust 4 reales, Charles IV, 1807PJ. KM-72;

CT-884. 13.43 grams. Very lightly rainbow-toned AU- with “sweat” (die rust) on obverse. Estimate: $250-$375.

717. Potosí, Bolivia, 1/4 real, 1799, encapsulated NGC MS 64, tied for second finest known in NGC census. KM-82; CT-

1415. Deep strike, beautifully toned with underlying luster, bold rims. Estimate: $350-$500.

Bolivia (Republic)

718. Potosí, Bolivia, 8 soles, 1827JM, large alpacas. KM-97. 719. Potosí, Bolivia, 8 soles, 1839LM. 26.94 grams. Choice strike, UNC details and lustrous but with light

surface hairlines and areas of surface corrosion. Estimate: $100-$150.

KM-97. 26.95 grams.

Choice strike, attractively toned UNC with light surface hairlines, underlying luster. Estimate: $500-up.

147


720. La Paz, Bolivia, 2 soles, 1856P, very rare (10

known). KM-129. 6.32 grams. Toned Fine with old scratches

and marks near rim, very elusive type-coin. Estimate: $350-$500.

721. Potosí, Bolivia, 1/2 sol, 1830JL, six-point stars, encap-

sulated NGC MS 64. KM-93.2a. Choice strike, attractively lustrous and toned. Estimate: $100-$150.

722. Potosí, Bolivia, 1/4 sol, 1852, encapsulated PCGS MS

63.

KM-111. Lustrous and starting to tone, slight bulge in flan and die-crack at date. Estimate: $500-$750.

723. Steel hub-trial for Bolivia 10 centavos, 1871-1884. 188 grams, 1-1/4” tall and 1-1/4” in diameter. Unlike with hand-struck issues, modern coin-making does not consist of punching elements directly into a die but instead involves transferring a plaster sculpture to what is known as a hub (which looks just like a coin stuck to a die). The hub is then struck onto an actual steel die that is used to strike the coins. The present piece is a trial die, struck from a hub, and shows just the arms and stars and REPÚBLICA DE BOLIVIA that appears on the obverse of the coins. Since most hubs and dies are destroyed after use, this piece is rare by definition. Clear details, with traces of rust as expected. Estimate: $250-$375.

Brazil (colonial) Afonso VI

724. Brazil, 600 reis, Afonso VI, crowned-600 countermark 725. Brazil, 500 reis, Afonso VI, crowned-”SOO” coun-

(1663) on a Mexico City, Mexico, cob 8 reales of Philip IV, assayer P, rare. R-P012. 26.45 grams. Very bold and deeply punched countermark (XF) on bold cross, with bold full oMP to left of full but partially weak shield on obverse, flat peripheries as usual, nicely toned Fine. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

termark (1663) on a Lisbon, Portugal, cruzado of João IV.

Full and bold countermark (XF), attractive host coin with bold full shield and cross, some legend (including king’s name and ordinal), toned VF. Estimate: $600-$900.

R-P028. 22.06 grams.

148


Pedro II

726. Lot of 3 coins of Pernambuco, Brazil, Pedro II: 640 reis 1700; 160 reis 1701; and 80 reis 1701. 24.60 grams total. Toned

AVF on average, no problems. Estimate: $1,000-up.

727. Lot of 2 coins (320 and 160 reis) of Brazil (Bahia mint), 1695, large crown. 13.35 grams. Attractive VF with contrasting toning and no problems (both). Estimate: $500-$750.

728. Brazil, 250 reis, Pedro II, crowned-”2SO” countermark (1688) on a Lisbon, Portugal, 1/2 cruzado of João IV, with

new edge. R-P024. 10.80 grams. Bold full VF countermark, choice XF+ legends, Fine details (original coin) in center, interesting type. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

José I 729. Brazil (Rio mint), 600 reis, José I, 1756-R. R-P275; KM-187. 17.88 grams. AU details with faint surface hairlines, much luster, arc-shaped flan-clip error on edge (as made). Estimate: $1,250-$2,500.

730. Lot of 2 coins (320 and 160 reis) of Brazil (struck in Lisbon), 1768. 13.09 grams

total. Lightly toned XF or thereabouts, no prob-

lems. Estimate: $400-$600.

149


731. Brazil (Bahia mint), 300 reis, José I, 1752-B, rare. R-P211; KM-178.

8.70 grams. Attractively toned VF+ with light surface marks (old), nice rims. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

732. Brazil (Bahia mint), 150 reis, José I, 1753-B, rare.

R-P212; KM-177. 3.77 grams. Toned AVF with light old marks on fields. Estimate: $600-$900.

João Prince Regent

733. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1810B, REGENES variety (rare), struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8 reales. R-P395b; KM-307.1. 26.84 grams. Lustrous (lightly cleaned)

AU with traces of undercoin details visible. Estimate: $500-$750.

734. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1810B, struck over a Potosí, Bolivia, bust 8 reales of 1806PJ. R-P395; KM-307.1. 26.77 grams. Broad-flan AU with deep rainbow toning all over,

some undercoin details (like assayer and date). Estimate: $125-$200.

735. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1813B, REGENES variety (rare), struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8 reales. R-P398; KM-307.1. 26.48 grams. Lustrous (lightly cleaned)

XF with some undercoin details. Estimate: $600-$900.

150


736. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1814B, struck over an earlier 960 reis. R-P399; KM-307.1. 26.71 grams.

Bold AU, beautifully rainbow toned and problem free. Estimate: $400-$600.

737. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, João Prince Regent, 1817-R, struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8 reales. R-P427; KM-307.3.

26.87 grams. Lustrous and lightly toned AU+, parts of rims weak (as

made). Estimate: $200-$300.

João VI

738. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, João VI, 1818-R, struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8 reales, encapsulated NGC MS 61.

R-P428; KM-326.1. Bold strike with interesting rims due to poor center-

ing, much luster. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

740. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, João VI, 1820-R, struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8 reales of 1818. R-P478; KM-326.1. 26.89 grams. Prooflike UNC (very flashy and frosty) with much undercoin

detail visible (particularly the date), parts of rims crude due to poor centering. Estimate: $750-up.

739. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, João VI, 1818-R, struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8 reales.

R-P428; KM-326.1. 22.99 grams.

Toned VF+ with crazy, striated legends, probably due to overheating the flan before overstriking. Estimate: $350-$500.

741. Brazil (Bahia mint), 960 reis, João VI, 1820-B, struck over a Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales of 1807TH. R-P462; Bold AU- with attractive toning around rims, hint of underlying luster. Estimate: $300-$450.

KM-326.2. 26.81 grams.

151


742. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, 1821-R, denomination as “9.60� (rare), struck over a Spanish colonial bust 8 reales of 1816(?). R-unl. (cf. P479); KM-unl. (cf. 326.1). 26.76 grams. Bold AU details

743. Brazil (Rio mint), 320 reis, 1818-R, mintmark between dots. R-P468; KM-324.2. 8.81 grams. UNC details but with chemically affected surfaces all over, rather flashy. Estimate: $250-$375.

with parts of the undercoin visible, a bit shiny, key variety. Estimate: $400-$600.

Brazil (Empire) Pedro I 744. Brazil (Rio mint), 960 reis, Pedro I, 1824-R, rare error

with CONS.TIMP, struck on Spanish colonial bust 8 reales of 1798. R-P505a; KM-368.1. 26.60 grams. Broad-flan XF with light toning,

interesting double rims from both host and overstrike, clear undercoin date, key error in legend. Estimate: $600-$900.

745. Brazil (Rio mint), 640 reis, Pedro I, 1825-R. R-P501; KM-367. 17.96 grams. Nice AU with light rainbow toning and underlying

luster, parts of rims weak (as made). Estimate: $1,000-up.

152


Chile (colonial) Busts

746. Santiago, Chile, bust 4 reales, Charles IV,

1808FJ. KM-67; CT-907. 13.06 grams. Nicely centered VF with deep toning on fields, no problems. Estimate: 747. Santiago, Chile, bust 2 reales, Charles III, 1775DA. KM-30; CT-1418. 6.67 $250-$375. grams. Choice XF with deep rainbow toning and underlying luster, off-center reverse, old scratch in front of bust, rare type-coin. Estimate: $400-$600.

748. Santiago, Chile, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII transitional (“admiral” bust), 1810FJ.

KM-74; CT-1016. 6.57 grams.

Estimate: $150-$225.

Bold VF+, nicely toned, no problems.

749. Santiago, Chile, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII transitional (“admiral” bust), 1811FJ, encapsulated NGC AU 55, finest known in NGC census. KM-74; CT-1017. Bold

strike, deep rainbow toning all over with underlying luster. Estimate: $350-$500.

750. Santiago, Chile, 1/4 real, 1817. KM-73; CT-1502. 0.86 gram. Bold AU- with toning around details, minor “sweat” (die rust) on obverse. Estimate: $100-$150.

Chile (Republic) 751. Santiago, Chile, 1 peso, 1883, round-top 3, encapsulated NGC MS 63. KM-142.1. Flashy and frosty, with minor bagmarks

only. Estimate: $250-$375.

153


Colombia (colonial) Pillars

752. Bogotá, Colombia, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1770VJ, encapsulated NGC MS 64 (tied for finest known), ex-1770 Bogotá hoard. Restrepo-44.2; KM-39; CT-1000.

In addition to being one of the most beautifully pristine coins we have ever offered, this coin offers the opportunity to own a centuries-old piece whose entire life can be retraced, from the mint to this auction. Contemporary documents1 show that this coin was one of about 17 specially struck and buried in a three-hour cornerstone ceremony for a new convent and church school for well-to-do girls named Nuestra Señora del Pilar on October 12, 1770.2 The land was donated by Señora Doña María Clemencia Caycedo y Velez, wife of Doctor Don Joaquín de Aróstegui y Escoto. According to an account of the time (translated and paraphrased by us, with boldface for emphasis): The procession started after a religious celebration with most authorities present at the San Felipe church in Bogotá, moving the image of Nuestra Señora del Pilar and the standard [a pole with banner] and chest with an oval silver shield.3 Arriving at the place they found the cornerstone where they placed the chest and marked four crosses on the stone, chiseled in situ, then the lady founder got on her knees and put in several coins of gold and silver and then twelve illustrious young girls put in new coins.4 All the important people from the city were present and offered coins to put in the chest too.5 Once the offering was finished, the chest was placed in the stone that was blessed and the stone was sealed with mortar and sprinkled with holy water. The location of the convent—catercorner to the mint on the Calle de la Moneda and one block away from the San Felipe church (now part of the Archbishopric Cathedral on the Plaza de Bolivar)—means that the coins literally never left the same street until our time. The cornerstone that housed these coins and dozens of other coins from the time remained part of the convent of the Nuestra Señora del Pilar church until the building was burned down in the 1948 rioting popularly known as “El Bogotazo.” Apparently the cornerstone was forgotten and subsequently covered over by a parking lot. Then, in 2006, the property was excavated to become a multi-level cultural center, at which time the construction crew unwittingly broke open the cornerstone and revealed the coins. Like all pillar dollars, this coin is a highly symbolic work of art, but in such lustrous Mint State grade it is truly a feast for the eyes. Its design of the Pillars of Hercules above the date on one side and the crowned Bourbon arms on the other side was unique to New World mints, and none were rarer than those of Bogotá, where they were made in only three or four years (1759, 1762 and 1770, with a rumored 1760 to be revealed soon), of which the 1770 was unknown until this hoard was discovered. Examples of any of the three confirmed years typically fetch over $50,000 each at auction, and several of these Mint State 1770s have exceeded $100,000. At MS 64 this specimen is one of the finest graded and in fact was chosen as best by several Colombian experts for its centering and full rims, brilliant luster and total lack of damage of any kind, for several of the others (including the Banco de la República specimen in the mint museum in Bogotá) show cement damage and/or were struck on slightly smaller flans. We have compared this coin with other top specimens and believe this one shows such prooflike and fresh surfaces as to be probably among the first to be minted. In any case, this is the first time this specimen has ever been on the market, and it remains to be said that this coin and its companions are the only way to get a Mint State specimen for the Charles III type from this mint. Estimate: $60,000-$90,000. 1 Manuscript from Historia de la fundación del Colegio de la Enseñanza (1802), by Manuel del Socorro Rodríguez (National Library of Bogotá). 2 Rumors of many more specimens in the hoard have been proven false. 3 This silver plaque, which lists the names of several VIPS at the event, was also recovered and resides in a private Colombian collection. 4 As more than twelve of the 1770 pillar dollars were recovered, it seems the property donor and perhaps some other luminaries placed some specimens into the chest as well. 5 The other coins in the deposit include Bogotá 1760 1R pillars (see lot 753 in this auction), a Bogotá cob 2R 1724 (see lot 682 in this auction) and some other pillar and cob minors from Mexico and other common mints.

154


753. Bogotá, Colombia, pillar 1 real, Charles III, 1760JV, ex-

1770 Bogotá hoard. Restrepo-36.1; KM-34; CT-1623. 3.32 grams. Lustrous

Mint State with hole above date, like other specimens from this same source (which are the majority of known specimens), hence probably struck in 1770 from 10-year-old dies but holed for a specific purpose (probably religious), quite a flashy piece, showing the “pillars” design in full bloom. From the 1770 Bogotá hoard. Estimate: $3,000-up.

155


Busts

754. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1810JF (date altered), Calbetó Plate Coin.

This well-pedigreed coin has a curious modern history. It was first mentioned in 1914, in Adolfo Herrera’s El Duro, and it was later cited (as a single-known example) in all the major references, including Dasí (1951), Burzio (1958), Yriarte and López-Chaves (1965) and particularly Calbetó (1970), from whose collection this famous coin journeyed into the hands of two other well-known collectors, Ray Johnson and Siegfried von Schuckmann. When the latter’s collection was sold at auction in 2001—at which time this coin fetched $35,000—the cataloger (Cayón) recognized that the piece was one of several suspiciously unique Popayán 8R that appeared in a 1939 Paris auction by Clement Platt entitled Monnaies de L’ Espagne et de L’ Amerique Latine (later determined to have been the Armengol collection), the others being a 1769 pillar and an 1815 bust, and therefore it needed closer inspection. (Interestingly, in the 1939 auction this 1810 piece was “group-lotted” with an 1811 and an 1812; the whereabouts of those other two coins are unknown.) Some technical testing determined that this 1810 coin was genuine but its last digit had been altered (possibly from 1813, based on die details). While otherwise unknown in 8R, the 1810 date is not historically impossible, as Barriga-Villalba does record production of 8R in that year (after a 36-year hiatus at the Popayán mint), and of course there are many known specimens of the 1/2, 1 and 2 reales with that date. Deeply toned Fine with natural flan-crack at top. Plate Coin #942 in Calbetó’s Compendium VIII Reales (1970), and pedigreed to the collections of Armengol (Clement Platt, 1939) and Siegfried von Schuckmann (Rennaissance, 2001). Estimate: $2,500-up.

Restrepo-120.1; KM-71; CT-589. 26.73 grams.

156


755. Popayán, Colombia, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1813/2JF, very rare, finest known. Restrepo-120.4; KM-71; CT-592. 26.86 grams. Attractively

old-toned AXF, problem-free and well struck, with full rims, acknowledged as the best of about eight specimens known (according to Restrepo). Pedigreed to the Superior auction of December 1990 (lot #606). Estimate: $15,000-up.

756. Popayán, Colombia, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1820FM. Restrrepo-114.15; KM-70.2; CT-983. 6.39 grams. Broad-flan VF with toning around details, no problems. Estimate: $200-$300.

757. Pasto/Popayán, Colombia, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1822O, two dots between CONST and date. Restrepo-115.1; KM-A1 (under Ecuador); CT-972. 6.04 grams. Typically crude Fine with no toning (lightly cleaned), slightly off-center obverse, popular one-year issue made from Popayán-mint equipment but struck by royalists on the run somewhere closer to Ecuador (believed to be Pasto). Estimate: $200-$300.

758. Pasto/Popayán, Colombia, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1822O, two dots between CONST and date. Restrepo-115.1;

Nicely toned VG with flat areas, off-center strike, popular one-year issue made from Popayán-mint equipment but struck by royalists on the run somewhere closer to Ecuador (believed to be Pasto). Estimate: $150-$225.

KM-A1 (under Ecuador); CT-972. 5.93 grams.

759. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 real, Charles III, 1773VJ.

Richly old-toned AXF (rare grade), slightly off-center (parts of rims crude as a result). Estimate: $400-$600.

Restrepo-38.3; KM-46.1; CT-1624. 3.36 grams.

760. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 real, Charles IV, 1796/1796JJ.

Restrepo-78.16a; KM-58; CT-1188. 3.79 grams. Lightly rainbow-toned VF with hint of luster, slightly crude rims (as made), this overdate listed in the most recent Restrepo book (English version) but not in the prior ones, so it is probably quite rare. Estimate: $250-$375.

761. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 real, Charles IV, 1798JJ.

Restrepo-78.24; KM-58; CT-1190. 3.06 grams. Deeply toned AXF, slightly off-center strike, no problems. Estimate: $250-$375.

157


762. Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1 real, Charles IV, 1799/99JJ. Restrepo-78.30a; KM-58; CT-1191. 3.37 grams. XF with hint of luster, uneven

toning, nice rims. Estimate: $250-$375.

763. Lot of 2 Bogotá, Colombia, bust 1R: Charles IV, 1792JJ, no dot in NR; Ferdinand VII (bust of Charles IV), 1810JF/ JJ. Restrepo-78.4a and 111.3a. 6.58 grams total. F-AVF with good toning, no problems. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $150-$225. 764. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, Ferdinand VI or Charles III, anepigraphic issue with pillar-type castle and lion (1760s70s). Restrepo-2.1; KM-A30; CT-unl. 1.01 grams. Nicely toned XF+ with bold castle and lion, slightly crude rims (as made), which is typical. Estimate: $150-$225.

765. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1796. Restrepo-75.1; KM-63; CT-1428. 0.90 gram. Vividly rainbow-toned AU (rare grade) with crude rims

due to off-center strike. Estimate: $400-$600.

Colombia (Cartagena Royalist)

Colombia (Santa Marta Royalist)

766. Cartagena, Colombia, copper 2 reales, fantasy date

“800” (ca. 1815), with 4R cross side, extremely rare, Restrepo Plate Coin. Restrepo-118.1a. 3.25 grams. Typically very crudely struck

(and the pillars side off-center) over a Cartagena Republican issue of 1813-14, Fine with surface corrosion, but with clear pillars and cross, the former with clear “800” fantasy date and the latter with clear denomination 4 at top, singled out by Restrepo as “two known.” Plate Coin in Restrepo’s Coins of Colombia (2012). Estimate: $500-$750.

767. Santa Marta, Colombia, copper 1/4 real, Ferdinand

VII, 1820, date appearing as “18820,” Restrepo Plate Coin.

Bold XF, attractive chocolate-brown color with partially crude rims (as struck), partially double-struck (singled out as such in Restrepo). Plate Coin in Restrepo’s Coins of Colombia (2012). Estimate: $175-$250.

Restrepo-104.1; KM-B5. 3.75 grams.

Colombia (United Provinces of New Granada / Cundinamarca)

768. Bogotá, Colombia, 2 reales, 1819JF, “LIBERTAD

AMERICANA,” denomination in legend. Restrepo-138.1; KM-76.

5.96 grams. AVF with typically weak centers, hint of toning and luster, partially crude rims (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

769. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 real, 1813JF, “LIBERTAD AMERICANA,” encapsulated NGC AU 50. Restrepo-133.1; KM-

F1.; KM-F1. Deeply rainbow toned and well struck, with full details and

lovely aspect, rare grade and quality overall. Pedigreed to the Freeman Craig auction of May 1986 (lot #569). Estimate: $700-$1,000.

158


770. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 real, 1819JF, “LIBERTAD AMERICANA,” denomination 1•R, very rare, Restrepo Plate Coin, second finest known. Restrepo-135.1; KM-75. 2.39 grams. Well-struck

AU with hint of luster and incipient toning, minor lamination flaws on obverse and faint adjustment marks on reverse, an exceptional specimen, so pretty that it is illustrated twice in Restrepo’s latest book. Plate Coin in Restrepo’s Coins of Colombia (2012). Estimate: $2,000$3,000.

Colombia (Republic / Cundinamarca)

771. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 reales, 1820JF, no mintmark,

no countermark. Restrepo-157.1; KM-C6. 23.96 grams. Choice, wellstruck XF with nice toning and rims, hint of luster, minor scratch or two on reverse, an unusual issue in that it bears no mintmark and is typically found with a pomegranate and/or MdQ countermark, stated in Restrepo to be rare in this grade or better. Estimate: $700-$900.

772. Bogotá, Colombia, 8 reales, 1820JF, no mintmark, with

pomegranate countermark in center of reverse. Restrepo-157.1r; KM-73. 20.84 grams. Deeply toned Fine host coin with hint of luster, bold VF countermark. Estimate: $300-$450.

773. Bogotá, Colombia, 1 real, 1821JF, dot below A of

mintmark. Restrepo-152.1; KM-B9. 2.35 grams. Lustrous AU+ (very rare grade), with choice rims and nice strike overall but with spot of extra metal at 4 o’clock near reverse rim. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

774. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1821, with BA mintmark

to left. Restrepo-145.3; KM-79.2. 0.84 gram. Bold and lustrous AU (rare grade) with partially crude rims (as struck). Estimate: $400-$600.

Colombia (Republic) 775. Popayán, Colombia, 1 real, 1828RU. Restrepo-154.4; KM-87.2. 2.73 grams. Bold AU- (rare grade) with toning and luster, parts of rims weak due to poor centering. Estimate: $125-$200.

159


Colombia (Republic of New Granada)

776. Bogotá, Colombia, 2 reales, 1843RS, rare grade. Restrepo-187.9; KM-97.1. 5.96 grams. Choice, lightly toned AU (rare grade) with hint of luster, very nice strike and rims. Estimate: $600-$900.

777. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/2 real, 1844RS, rare in this grade. Restrepo-177.11; KM-96.1. 1.38 grams. Bold AU (rare grade) with very slight

surface corrosion, hint of luster and incipient toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

778. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/2 real, 1847RS, die-doubling on obverse (date and pomegranate). Restrepo-177.18a; KM-96.1. 1.51 grams. Lustrous AU (rare grade) with off-center obverse, no toning. Estimate: $300-$450.

779. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1845, five-point stars, rare. Restrepo-172.17a; KM-90.1. 0.73 gram. Deeply toned XF with old scratches on reverse, crude rims (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

780. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1846. Restrepo-172.19; KM-90.1. 0.72 gram. Nicely toned AU, off-center strike. Estimate: $200-$300. 781. Popayán, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1850, encapsulated NGC MS 63, finest and only specimen in NGC census. Restrepo-175.3; KM-108.2. Lustrous

and lightly orange-toned, very crisp strike, rare grade. Estimate: $400-$600.

782. Popayán, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1850. Restrepo-175.3;

KM-108.2. 0.76 gram. Deeply toned XF+ with parts of rims crude (as made), minor die-cracks and extra metal. Estimate: $125-$200.

783. Popayán, Colombia, 1/4 real, 1853, rare.

Re-

AXF with weak pomegranate, lightly toned, crude reverse rim due to poor centering. Estimate: $350-$500. strepo-175.10; KM-108.2. 0.75 gram.

Colombia (Granadine Confederation) 784. Bogotá, Colombia, 1/2 décimo, 1859, very rare, ex-

Fernandez collection. Restrepo-223.1; KM-124. 1.25 grams. Lightly toned VF with minor marks, crude rims (as made), the rarity understated in Restrepo. Pedigreed to the John Fernandez K. collection (CINA auction [Medellín], September 2003, lot #60). Estimate: $300-$450.

160


785. Popayán, Colombia, 1/4 décimo, 1861. Restrepo-221.4; KM-132.1. 0.68 gram. Bold XF with parts of rims crude (as made), hint of luster. Estimate: $175-$250.

Colombia (United States of Colombia)

786. Popayán, Colombia, 1 peso, 1863, very rare. Restrepo-316.1; KM-139.2. 24.72 grams. Solid, lightly toned VF with very minor striking flaws but no damage, highly sought as a single-year type, of which only about ten are known. Estimate: $12,500-up. 787. Popayán, Colombia, 5 décimos, 1873/69, rare. Restrepo-295.4; KM-153.6. 11.92

grams. Typically crude strike with weak centers and uneven rims, some luster so techni-

cally around XF for wear but more like AVF overall, with light rainbow toning in places. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

788. Bogotá, Colombia, 50 (“cincuenta”) centavos, 1874. Restrepo-308.1; KM-177.1.

12.37 grams. Very lightly rainbow-toned AU with muted luster (rare grade), first year of type. Pedigreed to the Freeman Craig auction of May 1985 (lot #369). Estimate: $125-$200.

789. Medellín, Colombia, 5 décimos, 1876, date leaning left. Restrepo-297.8; KM-153.5. 12.47 grams.

$100-$150.

Nice XF+ with luster in legends, very light toning. Estimate:

161


790. Bogotá, Colombia, 50 centavos, 1886, encapsulated NGC MS 65, finest

known in NGC census, ex-Whittier collection. Restrepo-311.5; KM-177a.1. Beautiful strike and grade (100% devoid of wear), with muted luster, faint golden toning, not only the finest known but tops in the census by four grades. Pedigreed to the Whittier collection (stated inside the slab). Estimate: $500-$750.

791. Medellín, Colombia, 2 décimos, 1870. Restrepo-282.1; KM-155.2. 4.87 grams. Lustrous, non-

toned AU- with slightly weak centers, rare grade for this type. Estimate: $250-$375.

792. Medellín, Colombia, 10 centavos (“10 cent”), 1885, fineness 0.835.

Restrepo-275.1; KM-175.2. 2.34 grams. Nice AU with hint of luster and toning around rims, one-year type. Estimate: $200-$300.

793. Bogotá, Colombia, 5 centavos (“5 cent”), 1875. Restrepo-263.1; KM-174a.1. 1.23 grams.

Bold Mint State with muted luster, no toning, parts of rims slightly crude (as made). Estimate: $100-$150. 794. Popayán, Colombia, 1/4 décimo, 1865/4. Restrepo-248.7; KM-143.2. 0.63 gram. Lustrous AU with crude rims and slightly rough surface on reverse (as made). Plate Coin in Numisnotas #99. Estimate: $125-$200.

795. Popayán, Colombia, 1/4 décimo, 1874, large 8.

Restrepo-248.25c; KM-143.2a. 0.56 gram. Highly lustrous Mint State (scarce grade for this date), struck slightly off-center and with

typically crude rims (as made). Estimate: $250-$375.

796. Popayán, Colombia, 1/4 décimo, 1875, 8 doubled at top, encapsulated NGC MS 65, tied for finest known in NGC census. Restrepo-248.27; KM-143.2a. Highly lustrous and prooflike, slightly crude as usual but gorgeous for its grade. Estimate: $175-$250.

797. Bogotá, Colombia, 2-1/2 centavos, 1873.

Restrepo-249.2; KM-169. 0.63 gram.

State with muted luster, slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $125-$200.

Mint

798. Bogotá, Colombia, 2-1/2 centavos, 1877. Restrepo-249.6; KM-169. 0.57 grams. Vividly rainbow-toned Mint State with muted luster, minor die-cracks and parts of rims weak. Estimate: $100-$150.

Costa Rica (Central American Republic) 799. Costa Rica (Central American Republic), 1 real, 1831E, rare. KM-21. 2.99 grams. Nice

VF+ with rich old toning, tree side struck slightly off-center. Estimate: $100-$150.

162


Cuba

800. Cuba, “souvenir” peso, 1897, closely spaced date, star 803. Cuba, “star” peso, 1934. KM-15.2. 26.62 grams. UNC with above baseline of 97. KM-M2. 22.41 grams. Mint State with muted luster, odd streak on bust (adjustment mark?), tiny rim dings on reverse. Estimate: $500-$750.

801. Cuba, “star” peso, 1932, encapsulated NGC MS 63.

minor marks in fields, deeply toned in places, final year of the “star” peso. Estimate: $250-$375.

804. Cuba, “ABC” peso, 1934. KM-22. 26.65 grams. Lustrous AU

but bagmarked, no toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

with minor marks in fields, first year of “ABC” peso (lowest mintage of the series). Estimate: $150-$225.

802. Cuba, “star” peso, 1933, encapsulated NGC MS 63.

805. Cuba, “ABC” peso, 1935. KM-22. 26.69 grams. Mint State

KM-15.2. Lustrous

KM-15.2. Lightly

toned with underlying luster, some bagmarks. Estimate: $200-$300.

with muted luster, very minor bagmarks only. Estimate: $200-$300.

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids) 806. Cuba, “ABC” peso, 1939, encapsulated MGC MS 63.

KM-22. Lustrous, no toning, very minor bagmarks only. Estimate: $200-$300.

163


Curaçao

807. Curaçao, Netherlands East Indies, billon 1 stuiver, 1822. KM-24.1. 0.69 gram. AU+ with muted luster,

simple design. Estimate: $100-$150.

Dominican Republic (under Spain)

808. Lot of 12 Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (under Spain), copper 1/4R, Ferdinand VII (ca. 1810-20). KM-2. 50.26 grams total. Most with clear details, various weights and thicknesses, some corroded, some dark. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $200-$300.

Dominican Republic

809. Dominican Republic, 5 francos, 1891.

KM-12. 24.97 grams. AU with light toning and underlying luster, minor bagmarks.

Estimate: $200-$300.

810. Dominican Republic, 1 peso, 1897-A. KM-16. 25.27 grams. Lightly rainbow-toned AU, no problems. Estimate: $200-$300.

811. Dominican Republic, 10 centavos,

1944, encapsulated NGC MS 65, tied for finest known in NGC census. KM-19. Light red

toning and underlying luster, nice strike. Estimate: $350-$500.

812. Dominican Republic, copper-nickel

5 centavos, 1959, encapsulated NGC MS 65. KM-18. Highly lustrous, with incipient toning,

minor bagmarks. Estimate: $100-$150.

Ecuador 813. Quito, Ecuador, 1/4 real, 1849(GJ), with unattributed “1/2” countermark on reverse. KM-36. 0.50 gram. Crude Fine, tiny flan (possibly shaved in its time), but the incuse countermark

bold, deeply toned all over. Estimate: $200-$300.

Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #17 Spring, 2015

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325 164


814. Quito, Ecuador, 5 francos, 1858GJ, rare. KM-39. 25.03 grams. AU with light toning over muted luster, evident wear on very highest points but otherwise nearly pristine. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

815. Ecuador, 1/2 sucre, 1884-HEATON / BIRMINGHAM, encapsulated NGC AU 58, second finest known in NGC census. KM-52. Deeply rainbow toned with underlying luster, wear

on highest points only, one-year type, rare grade. Estimate: $1,500$2,250.

French Indo-China 816. French Indo-China, 1 piastre, 1921. KM-5a.2. 26.96 grams. Lustrous Mint State with minor bagmarks, face of Liberty flat. Estimate: $100-$150.

German East Africa (Tanzania) 817. German East Africa (Tanzania), 1 rupie, 1897, encap-

sulated NGC AU 58. KM-2. Highly lustrous and devoid of wear of any kind but with too many bagmarks to make Mint State. Estimate: $250-$375.

165


Great Britain

818. London, England, groat, Edward IV (1461-1483). Sp- 819. London, England, groat, Henry VIII (1509-1547). Sp2000. 2.94 grams. AXF with toned fields (nice contrast), full details, very

attractive. Estimate: $250-$375.

2337E. 2.69 grams. Deeply rainbow-toned AXF with minor weak spots, choice full legends, popular type. Estimate: $200-$300.

820. Great Britain (London, England), crown, George II, 1746, with LIMA below bust. Sp-3689; KM-585.3. 30.12 grams. Choice AU- with

luster, hint of toning, minor bagmarks and light wear on highest points only, popular issue struck from silver captured from the Spanish in the Pacific. Estimate: $600-$900.

821. Lot of 2 Great Britain (London, England) crown and half-

crown (1 of each), George II, 1746, with LIMA below bust of king.

43.80 grams total. Average specimens (F-VF) of a popular issue struck from

silver captured from the Spanish in the Pacific, nicely toned, no problems. Estimate: $350-$500.

822. Great Britain (London, England), half crown, George II, 1746, with LIMA below bust. Sp-3695A;

Choice AU- with beautiful deep toning and much underlying luster, popular as struck from silver captured from the Spanish in the Pacific. Estimate: $300-$450.

KM-584.3. 15.00 grams.

823. Great Britain (London, England), shilling, George II, 1746, with LIMA below bust of king, encapsulated NGC AU 55. Sp-3703A; KM-583.2. Lightly toned and lustrous, choice specimen of a popular issue struck from silver captured from the Spanish in the Pacific. Estimate: $200-$300.

824. Great Britain (London, England), sixpence, George II, 1746, with LIMA below bust of king, encapsulated NGC AU 55. Sp-3710A; KM-582.3. Lightly

toned and lustrous, choice specimen of a popular issue struck from silver captured from the Spanish in the Pacific. Estimate: $150-$225.

166


825. Great Britain (Bank of England), 1 dollar, oval countermark of George III (1797) on a Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1792FM. Sp-3765A. 26.94

grams. Lustrous AU host coin and bold full countermark, lightly toned at rims, popular issue mockingly referred to in its time as “the head of a fool on the neck of an ass.” Estimate: $250-$375.

826. Great Britain (London, England), copper “cartwheel” twopence, George III, 1797. Sp-3776; KM-619. 56.10 grams. Choice XF with

full details and no problems (rather scarce condition for this heavily used type), popular and heavy, dark chocolate-brown color, just a couple minor nicks in fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

Guatemala (colonial) Pillars 827. Guatemala, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1757J, rare.

CT-292; KM-18. 25.63 grams. Very lightly toned About Fine with hole at top near rim, slightly off-center strike. Estimate: $250-$375.

828. Guatemala, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1768P. CT-817; KM-27.1. 26.59 grams. Bold AXF, deeply toned, the pillars side off-center

and with parts of rim crude on shield side (as made). Estimate: $600-$900.

167


Busts

829. Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1777P.

CT-825; KM-36.2. 26.52 grams. Deeply toned VF, slightly crude strike. Estimate:

$350-$500.

832. Guatemala, bust 4 reales, Ferdinand VII transitional (bust of Charles IV), 1809M, rare. CT-644; KM-63. 13.47 grams. Nicely toned XF+ with scratch at mouth, slightly off-center obverse. Estimate: $250-$375.

830. Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1800M. CT-631;

KM-53. 26.74 grams. Silvery XF with marks on reverse rim and interior. Estimate: $125-$200.

833. Guatemala, bust 1 real, Ferdinand VII, 1821M. CT-1124;

KM-66. 3.25 grams. Brilliant Mint State with blazing luster, weak strike in shield and adjustment marks on bust, impressively flashy. Estimate: $150-$225.

831. Guatemala, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII transitional (bust of Charles IV), 1808M, with chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient. CT-456; KM-64. 26.32 grams. AXF with area

834. Guatemala, 1/4 real, 1801.

CT-1365; KM-59. 0.89 gram.

835. Guatemala, 1/4 real, 1821.

CT-1446; KM-72. 0.85 gram.

Deeply toned AU with underlying luster, off-center strike. Estimate: $100-$150.

of dark encrustation on reverse, test-scrape at top of right pillar next to a small chopmark, another chop on breast. Estimate: $150-$225.

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

Choice BU, highly lustrous and with hint of toning, off-center strike. Estimate: $150-$225.

168


Guatemala (Central American Republic)

836. Guatemala (Central American Republic), 8 reales,

1824M. KM-4. 27.00 grams. Deeply toned XF with parts of tree side rim weak, quite nice overall. Estimate: $200-$300.

837. Guatemala (Central American Republic), 8 reales,

1825M. KM-4. 26.77 grams. AU- with red toning all over and underlying luster, slight flan-bulge in center. Estimate: $350-$500.

838. Guatemala (Central American Republic), 8 reales,

1826M, rare variety with CRES/ZCA. KM-4. 26.83 grams. Deeply

(and attractively) toned XF with light adjustment marks on leftmost mountain, parts of rims crude (as made), clear S/Z. Estimate: $250$375.

Guatemala (countermarked) 839. Guatemala, 4 reales, sun-over-mountains countermark (Type II, 1839)

on a Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V, ex-Harley collection. 12.71 grams. The host a curious-shaped Fine with nearly full shield, mostly flat cross, the coun-

termark a fully detailed VF, all nicely toned, with hole near edge, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of February 1997, with original lot-tag #1490, and to the Baldwin’s auction of September 2011 (Alan Harley collection), with original lot-card #1901. Estimate: $350-$500.

840. Guatemala, 4 reales, sun-over-mountains countermark (Type II, 1839)

on a Mexico City, Mexico, cob 4 reales, Philip V. 12.92 grams. Interestingly shaped cob with full shield and most of cross (Fine overall), the latter with full and bold (deeply punched) countermark (VF), holed at one end. Pedigreed to our Auction #10, with original lot-tag #1159. Estimate: $200-$300.

841. Guatemala, 2 reales, sun-overmountains countermark (Type II, 1839) on a Lima, Peru, 2 reales, 1828JM, also with zig-zag test mark of El Salvador (1834-5), very rare. 6.73 grams. VF host

coin with dark toning around details, the Guatemala countermark full and bold (XF) and the El Salvador mark more of a line with hash marks than a true zig-zag, still a unique (or nearly so) combination for this host. Estimate: $400-$600.

169


Guatemala (counterstamped) 842. Guatemala, 1 peso, 1894, 1/2 real counterstamp on a

Santiago, Chile, 1 peso of 1881. 24.84 grams. AXF host and XF+ counterstamp (which is basically a two-sided countermark that shows on both sides of the coin), no problems, with hint of luster and toning. Estimate: $125-$200.

Guatemala (Republic) 843. Guatemala, 1 quetzal, 1925, encapsulated NGC AU

53. KM-242. Bold strike with bagmarks, faint hint of toning and luster, popular one-year issue that was largely melted down in subsequent years. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

Haiti

845. Haiti, 25 centimes, AN 12 (1815), encapsulated NGC MS 63, tied for finest known in NGC census. KM-12.2. Attractively toned with underlying luster, evidence of clashed die on reverse, highest grade on record. Estimate: $200-$300.

846. Haiti, 25 centimes, AN 14 (1817), encapsulated NGC MS 65, tied for second finest known in NGC census. KM-15.1.

844. Haiti, 1 crown, Henri, 1811 / L’an 8, proof pattern Beautifully lustrous and flashy, with mirror fields and frosty details,

restrike (modern), plain edge. KM-X12. 31.21 grams. Vividly rainbow-toned Proof with one or two bagmarks but otherwise perfection. Estimate: $100-$150.

parts of rims slightly crude (as made) but otherwise as choice as they get. Estimate: $400-$600.

847. Haiti, copper 1 centime, 1889, encapsulated NGC MS 62. (almost prooflike) and practically flawless. Estimate: $200-$300.

Honduras 848. Honduras, 1 peso, 1891/88. KM-52. 24.85 grams. AU with

hint of luster and incipient toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

170

KM-PN85.

Lustrous


Hungary 849. Hungary (struck in Vienna), thaler, Franz II, 1830-A.

KM-417.1. 28.08 grams. Lightly toned UNC with minor bagmarks, faint marks on rims, muted luster, one-year type. Estimate: $1,000-up.

Japan

850. Japan, 1 yen, emperor Mutsuhito (1867-1912), Meiji year 21 (1888). KM-A25.3. 26.95 grams. Lustrous, lightly bagmarked

Mint State. Estimate: $150-$225.

Mexico (colonial) Pillars

851. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1734/3MF,

rare.

KM-103; CT-777. 26.53 grams. Bold AXF with evidence of light cleaning, two tiny pockmarks above crowned globes, light toning around details, clear overdate. Estimate: $500-$750.

852. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF. KM-103; CT-781. 26.82 grams. Bold

XF+ with deep toning, slightly offcenter strike. Estimate: $250-$375.

853. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1737MF.

KM-103; CT-781. 27.04 grams. Lustrous (lightly cleaned) AU, well struck and attractive, no toning. Estimate: $200-$300.

854. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1739/7MF,

rare. KM-unl.; CT-785. 26.19 grams. Bold XF with marks in fields, incipient toning around rims, clear overdate. Estimate: $200-$300.

171


855. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1742MF.

Bold AU with lightly cleaned fields, the shield side with toning around details. Estimate: $200-$300. KM-103; CT-793. 26.83 grams.

858. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI,

1754MM, unalike crowns. KM-104.2; CT-337. 26.88 grams. Very bold

XF+ with contrasting toning around details, minor marks, curious piece of extra metal below assayer. Estimate: $175-$250.

856. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Philip V, 1744MF,

encapsulated NGC UNC details / surface hairlines. KM-103;

CT-797. Choice

strike and totally wear-free, with muted luster, a coin that surely would make Mint State on a better day at NGC. Estimate: $250-$375.

857. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1753MF, encapsulated NGC MS 61. KM-104.1; CT-331. Bright

luster (almost prooflike), with minor adjustment marks and other slight distractions from its flashy beauty (no toning). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

859. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI,

1757MM.

KM-104.2; CT-342. 26.64 grams. Lustrous AU- with light rainbow toning on shield side, minor marks in fields. Estimate: $200-$300.

860. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1758MM. KM-104.2; CT-343. 27.10 grams. Bold XF with lots of scratches in field on pillars side, toned around details. Estimate: $150-$225.

861. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Ferdinand VI, 1759MM. KM-104.2; CT-344. 26.96 grams. Lightly toned XF with hint

of luster, light surface hairlines and minor tooling above left pillar to remove graffiti. Estimate: $150-$225.

172


862. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1761MM, tip of cross directly under I. KM-105; CT-888. 26.82 grams. Silvery AXF (cleaned). Estimate: $150-$225.

864. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III,

1771FM, with chopmarks as from circulation in the Orient.

KM-105; CT-914. 26.70 grams. Lustrous XF+ with blue toning at small part of rim and lots of tiny chops on both sides. Estimate: $150-$225.

863. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III, 1771FM. KM-105; CT-914. 26.88 grams. Lustrous AU+ with light surface hairlines, incipient toning, broad flan. Estimate: $250-$375.

865. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 8 reales, Charles III,

1771FM.

KM-105; CT-914. 26.78 grams.

pitted all over. Estimate: $125-$200.

AU details but very lightly

866. Mexico City, Mexico, pillar 4 reales, Charles III, 1764MF. KM-96; CT-1124. 13.17 grams. Fine+ with light rainbow toning all over, no problems. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150.

Busts

867. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 868. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1773FM, 1772FM, initials facing rim. KM-106.1; CT-915. 26.60 grams. XF with slightly weak bust, light toning and faint surface corrosion, popular first year of issue. Estimate: $125-$200.

initials facing rim. KM-106.1; CT-917. 26.89 grams. Very bold strike, lightly cleaned XF with attractive light toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

869. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1773FM, initials facing rim, encapsulated PCGS Genuine.

KM-106.1; CT-917. Toned VF+ with a multitude of tiny (but incidental)

marks. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $100-$150.

173


870. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1798FM.

KM-109; CT-692. 26.80 grams. Very deeply rainbow-toned AXF. Estimate:

$125-$200.

871. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1806TH,

with unidentified S.M.A. and 1867 countermarks on obverse (Maximilian period). KM-109; CT-705. 26.49 grams. Nicely toned

AVF with clear incuse countermarks (meaning unknown). Estimate: $200-$300.

872. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1806TH, encapsulated NGC AU 58.

KM-109; CT-705. Lustrous and fully detailed but minimal contrast. Estimate: $125-$200.

873. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII transitional (armored bust), 1810HJ. KM-104.2; CT-898. 6.72 grams. Bold

XF+ with evidence of light cleaning but retoning nicely, tiny pockmarks here and there, scarce type. Estimate: $125-$200. 874. Mexico City, Mexico, bust 1/2 real, Charles IV, 1801FT, encapsulated NGC MS 63. KM-72; CT-1296. Very choice strike, with beautifully lustrous and toned fields (somewhat prooflike), no problems, quite lovely. Estimate: $250-$375. 875. Mexico City, Mexico, 1/4 real, 1796. KM-62; CT-1393. 0.82 gram. Broad-flan AU with faint toning and luster. Estimate: $100-$150.

174


Mexico (War of Independence) Durango

876. Denomination set of Durango, Mexico, bust 8-4-2-1-1/2 reales, Ferdinand VII, dates of 1811-1817, all rare but the 1R and 1/2R are unique, and the 4R is the finest known. 26.64, 13.35, 7.99, 3.15 and 1.63 grams. After three centuries of Spanish domina-

tion, the Mexican War of Independence broke out in 1810. During the war, it was too dangerous to transfer precious metals from the mines to the mint at Mexico City, so the local authorities ordered the installation of provisional mints. Between 1810 and 1821 these mints operated in the cities of Chihuahua, Durango, Guadalajara, Guanajuato and Zacatecas (in addition to a handful of others whose coinage was somewhat less official). The provisional nature of these mints resulted in generally flawed but unique coinage. Today these “War of Independence” issues are heavily collected by numismatists who appreciate the challenge of their singular crudeness and overall rarity. This unique set truly shows the character of its time, as most of the coins are indeed crude and very rare, and its assemblage by the current consignor took patience and knowledge as well as an eye for quality. The 8 reales, 1811RM, in toned Fine, is the finest known among only 3 or 4 pieces known and is the only known example with clearly visible mintmark oD. The 4 reales, a richly toned AU- 1817MZ, is acknowledged as the finest known. The 2 reales, 1811RM, is a nicely toned VF, rather crude in style like the 8R. Finally, the 1 real, 1815/14, and the 1/2 real, 1814, are unique and very attractive as lightly toned VF-XF for the type, which is visibly less crude than the 1811 pieces in this lot but still a far cry from the neatness of the 1817 4R. The 1R is pedigreed to the Ponterio auction of January 2005 (lot #533), and the 1/2R is pedigreed to the Jaime Varon collection. Estimate: $50,000-up.

877. Durango, Mexico, bust 2 reales, Ferdinand VII,

1814MZ, very rare, Grove Plate Coin. KM-93.1. 6.00 grams. Crude details per the issue but with bold and nearly full

strike, AXF overall, very light toning, repaired hole at top of head / crown, desirable pedigree. Plate Coin in Grove’s Coins of Mexico (1981), and pedigreed to Richard Long auction #89, lot #576. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

175


Guadalajara

878. Guadalajara, Mexico, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII,

1814MR. KM-111.3. 26.35 grams. Lustrous XF for the type, with parts

of rims crude, lightly cleaned at some point, early-style bust (tall and narrow). Estimate: $150-$225.

Zacatecas

879. Zacatecas, Mexico, 8 reales provisional, 1811-LVO, rare. KM-190. 27.25 grams. Off-center strike with typically crude details and

many old marks, but with clear date, full and bold king’s ordinal VII, full ZACATECAS, very lightly toned AVF for actual wear. Estimate: $300-$450. 880. Zacatecas, Mexico, 2 reales provisional, 1811-LVO, flowers and castles, very rare. KM-186. 6.75 grams. VF with bold full details enhanced by contrasting toning, several old scratches. Estimate: $300-$450.

Mexico (Republic)

881. Mexico City, Mexico, “hookneck” 8 reales, 1824JM. KM-A376.2. 26.59 grams. Richly toned VF with weak centers as usual, very popular type. Estimate: $350-$500.

882. Zacatecas, Mexico, cap-and-rays 4 reales, 1863MO, encapsulated NGC AU 53. KM-375.9. Well-struck specimen with nice

luster and very light toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

Mexico (Empire) 883. Mexico City, Mexico, 50 centavos, Maximilian, 1866. Attractively rainbow-toned AU, no problems. Estimate: $250-$375.

KM-387. 13.48 grams.

176


Mozambique

884. Mozambique, onça (“canelo”), 1843, rare.

KM-26.1.

26.81 grams. Rectangular coin with square design (VG, weak but clear

date and denomination, which are rarely visible) overstruck with five countermarks (one flower and four ornaments, XF, all deeply toned), typically crude but nice for what it is. Estimate: $400-$600.

Netherlands (United)

885. Westfriesland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1618. KM-14.1. 26.92 grams. Very bold full details enhanced by contrasting toning, full-flan AXF with minor old marks. Estimate: $125-$200.

886. Gelderland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1622.

KM-15.1. 27.26 grams. VF with typically weak centers but bold legends (including full date), very lightly toned, no problems. Estimate: $175-$250.

887. Campen, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1648,

encapsulated NGC AU 50. KM-42; Dav-4879. Lustrous and pristine but with many areas of weak strike as usual, no toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

888. Gelderland, United Netherlands, “lion” daalder, 1648,

encapsulated NGC AU 50. KM-15.1; Dav-4850. Lustrous and very lightly toned, some weak spots as usual, the lion side struck off-center. Estimate: $250-$375.

889. Zwolle, United Netherlands, half “lion” daalder, 1648, encapsulated NGC AU 50, finest and only specimen in NGC census. KM-45. Choice strike and condition (much original luster), the

inevitable weak spots very few in number, incipient toning. Estimate: $250-$375.

890. Zeeland, United Netherlands, piedfort double “rider”

ducatoon, 1748, encapsulated NGC AU 58. Dav-1835. A massive coin (double thickness) in choice high grade enhanced by elegant steel-gray toning all over with luster around details. Estimate: $2,000$3,000.

177


891. Holland, United Netherlands, “rider” ducatoon, 1792. KM-90.1. 32.04 grams. Deeply

old-toned AU with choice full details, a truly beautiful old coin. Estimate: $350-$500.

Nicaragua 892. Granada, Nicaragua, 1/2 real, (1824), very rare (5 known). KM-5. 1.76 grams. Full J-pomegranate-

G on obverse (the date below it off the flan) and cross on reverse, Fine or so with stripped hole at edge, lightly toned, first specimen we have ever offered. Estimate: $2,000-up.

893. Nicaragua, proof copper-nickel pattern 1 centavo, 1892, encapsulated NGC PF 63. KM-PN4.

Lustrous and beautifully toned, the obverse in red but the reverse in blue (very interesting), minor edge-flaw but otherwise pristine. Estimate: $300-$450.

Panama

894. Panama, copper-nickel 5 centésimos, 1932, encapsulated NGC MS 64, ex-Whittier collection. KM-9. Lustrous and choice, with light golden toning all over, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Whittier collection (stated inside the slab). Estimate: $125-$200.

895. Steel hub for Panama, 5 balboas, 1985, unadopted design, with diagonal cancellation. KM-104. 686 grams, 1-3/4” tall and

1-7/8” in diameter. When modern coins are made, an artist’s plaster sculpture is transferred to something known as a hub, which shows the final

coin design but on a thick steel shaft for impressing onto a die (thereby preserving the design without having to recreate it every time a die breaks). This example of a hub is lustrous and beautifully detailed (rusty patina on just the exterior), with a portrait of Balboa and the words BALBOA DESCUBRIDOR DEL PACIFICO and CINCO BALBOAS, a design that was never adopted for use. Estimate: $350-$500.

Peru (colonial) Busts 896. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles III, 1778MJ. KM-78; CT-859. 26.96 grams. Bold

strike, UNC details with light surface hairlines, nice luster (especially on the reverse). Estimate: $150-$225.

178


897. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1804JP. KM-97; CTMint State with muted luster, low contrast, slightly crude rims (as made). Estimate: $200-$300.

661. 27.24 grams.

898. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Charles IV, 1805JP. KM-97; CT-

662. 26.81 grams. Highly lustrous BU (at least MS 63), almost prooflike,

with parts of rims slightly crude (as made), small areas of dark toning on rims as well. Estimate: $250-$375.

899. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1817JP. KM117.1; CT-485. 27.34 grams. AU- with weak centers, muted luster under

steel-gray toning, no problems. Estimate: $100-$150.

900. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1821JP. KM-

Nicely struck Mint State with luster, no problems. Estimate: $200-$300.

117.1; CT-489. 27.48 grams.

901. Cuzco, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1824T. KM-

117.2; CT-385. 26.94 grams. VF/XF with prominent old scratches, luster on reverse, weak obverse rim and parts of reverse rim crude, lightly toned, scarce and popular one-year issue. Estimate: $150-$225.

902. Lima, Peru, bust 8 reales, Ferdinand VII, 1824JM. KM-

117.1; CT-491. 27.16 grams. AU details but polished and re-toned (now with a beautiful rainbow of colors), nice strike and very bold rim, odd square-shaped flan-bulge on cheek. Estimate: $300-$450.

903. Lima, Peru, 1/4 real, 1795JI, rare. KM-102.1;

CT-1378. 0.64 gram. Full details despite light corrosion, contrasting toning, VF overall. Estimate: $200-$300.

904. Lima, Peru, 1/4 real, 1820.

KM-108; CT-1461.

0.78 gram. Bold AXF with nice strike and good rims, toned

around details. Estimate: $100-$150.

179


Peru (provisional Republic)

905. Lima, Peru, copper 1/4 peso, 1823V, encapsulated NGC AU 50 BN. KM-138. Deep chocolate-brown color all over,

good details except for centers, which have natural pitting (as made), key variety with assayer-mark V. Estimate: $150-$225.

906. Lima, Peru, copper 1/4 peso,

1823.

KM-138. 8.13 grams. Choice AU with original color and luster, natural flaw in edge (covered by the milling), minor pitting in centers, small spots of green. Estimate: $100-$150.

Peru (State of South Peru) 907. Cuzco, South Peru, 1/2 real, 1837B, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-166. Choice strike, muted luster. Estimate: $350-$500.

Peru (Republic of South Peru) 908. Cuzco, South Peru, 8 reales, 1838MS, encapsulated NGC AU 58. KM-170.4. Lovely details, very light toning with muted luster, slight wear on highest points. Estimate: $500-$750.

909. Cuzco, Peru, 2 reales, 1837BA. KM-169.1.

6.77 grams. Lustrous AU+

with spots of red toning. Estimate: $175-$250.

Peru (Republic)

912. Lima, Peru,

1/5 sol, 1866/5YB, encapsulated NGC MS 65, finest known in NGC census. KM-191. Choice

strike, muted luster, incipient toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

913. Lima, Peru, 910. Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1832MM. KM-142.3. 26.72 grams. AU with attractive rainbow toning and underlying toning, choice strike for this type. Estimate: $350-$500.

911. Lima, Peru, 1/4 real, 1855, encapsulated NGC MS 64,

tied for finest known in NGC census. KM-143.1. Totally blemish-

1/5 sol, 1908. KM205.2. 5.00 grams. Proof-

like Mint State with choice luster and rainbow toning. Estimate: $100-$150.

free and lustrous, near perfect in every way. Estimate: $200-$300.

180


Philippines (under Spain)

914. Philippines (under Spain), peso, Isabel II, crowned 916. Philippines (under Spain), 8 reales, Isabel II, crowned

“Y.II.” countermark (1834-37) on a Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1831MM. CT-451; KM-138.2. 27.30 grams. Host coin XF with weak

centers and slightly crude rims but some luster and beautifully rainbow toned, the countermark AU and bold. Estimate: $100-$150.

915. Philippines (under Spain), 8 reales, Isabel II, crowned

“Y.II.” countermark (1834-37) on a Lima, Peru, 8 reales, 1835MT. CT-451; KM-138.2. 26.95 grams. Toned AVF host, XF coun-

“Y.II.” countermark (1834-37) on a Bogotá, Colombia, 8 reales of 1835RS. CT-451; KM-109. 26.96 grams. Lightly cleaned XF host with full and choice AU countermark. Estimate: $200-$300.

917. Philippines (under Spain), 1 peso, Alfonso XIII, 1897SGV, encapsulated NGC AU 53. CT-81; KM-154. Light toning and muted luster, minor bagmarks. Estimate: $175-$250.

termark, no problems. Estimate: $100-$150.

Puerto Rico (under Spain) 918. Spanish American War medallic token (1898) made from a Puerto Rico (under Spain) 40 centavos, Alfonso XIII, 1896, with reverse looped at top and engraved with “RECUERDO / 26 / Julio / 1898.” KM-23. 9.77 grams. Obverse is XF

with marks, but reverse is planed flat except for ISLA DE PUERTO RICO at top, with stated engraving in center dating to the day after the beginning of the land battle in Puerto Rico (Battle of Yauco). Estimate: $250-$375.

919. Spanish American War uniform button (1898) made from a Puerto Rico (under Spain) 10 centavos, Alfonso XIII, 1896, with loop (flattened) in center of obverse and reverse engraved with “47 / Regt / N.Y. V./ Pto Rico / 1898.” KM-21. 2.27 grams. Toned all over, the obverse Fine but the reverse planed smooth with stated engraving that refers to a US regiment that was an occupational force in Puerto Rico and was stationed there from October 1898 till March 1899. Estimate: $350-$500.

920. Puerto Rico (under Spain), 10 centavos, Alfonso XIII, 1896-PGV, encapsulated NGC MS 63. KM-21. Deeply rainbow toned, no bagmarks but some die-polish in reverse fields. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

181


Spain

923. Madrid, Spain, 5 pesetas, Alfonso XII, 1899-SGV, with 921. Barcelona, Spain, 5 pesetas, 1812. KM-69. 26.92 grams. Very

bold AU with light surface hairlines, lustrous and very lightly toned around details. Estimate: $1,500-up.

18-99 inside stars, encapsulated NGC MS 64. KM-707. Brightly lustrous with minor bagmarks, very flashy (no toning). Estimate: $200-$300.

924. Madrid, Spain, 50 centimos, Alfonso XII, 1880-MSM, with 18-80 inside stars, encapsulated NGC MS 65, tied for finest known in NGC census. KM-685. Beautiful rainbow toning 922. Madrid, Spain, 5 pesetas, Alfonso XII, 1885, with 18-87

inside stars, encapsulated NGC MS 62. KM-688. Lightly rainbow

toned, with blue color at top of reverse, underlying luster, nice strike. Estimate: $250-$375.

with underlying luster (the reverse somewhat prooflike), no marks or wear at all. Estimate: $150-$225.

925. Madrid, Spain, 50 centimos, Alfonso XII, 1894-PGV, with 18-94 inside stars, encapsulated NGC MS 63. KM-703.

Flashy and bright white with luster, minimal bagmarks. Estimate: $100-$150.

Spanish Italy and Netherlands 926. Lot of 3 coins of Spanish Italy and Netherlands: Two Italian 4 tari of Philip III (Sicily, 1612-IF-A; and Messina, 1616IP) and one Netherlands 1/10 philipsdaalder of Philip II (Flanders, 1571). 24.00 grams total. VF+ overall, the Philip II with nice toning, good little cross section of extraterritorial Spanish coinage from Europe. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $200-$300.

Sweden 927. Sweden, 1 ore, 1603, encapsulated NGC XF details / bent. KM-8. Attractively toned

and fully detailed, with stress fracture on reverse from the bending, popular as showing “Jehovah� in center of obverse. Estimate: $175-$250.

United States of America 928. USA (Philadelphia mint), copper 1 cent Draped Bust, 1798, second hair

style. KM-22. 10.81 grams. Dark-brown VF with full details, minor surface granularity, rather decent specimen of a popular type. Estimate: $350-$500.

182


929. USA (Philadelphia mint), half dollar seated Liberty, 1853, arrows and rays, encapsulated NGC shipwreck effect, from

the SS Republic (1865). KM-79. AU- for details, with just a hint of luster and wear (no corrosion). From the SS Republic (1865), as stated inside the slab. Estimate: $400-$600.

930. USA (Philadelphia mint), commemorative half dollar, 1936, Norfolk (Virginia) bicentennial, encapsulated NGC MS 65. KM-184. Nice strike, muted luster, tiny bits of toning. Estimate: $150-$225.

Uruguay

931. Uruguay, 1 peso, 1877, encapsulated NGC AU 58. KM-

17. Vividly rainbow toned, with lots of blue color at rims, just a few bagmarks on reverse keeping it from Mint State. Estimate: $500-up.

932. Uruguay (struck in Buenos Aires), 1 peso, 1893. KM-

17a. 24.90 grams. AU with faint toning and luster, minor marks only. Estimate: $150-$225.

933. Uruguay, copper 20 centésimos, 1843/40. KM-2.2. 20.00

grams. Typically crude AXF with hint of original color, crude rims, bold overdate with huge 0 encircling the 3. Estimate: $150-$225.

934. Uruguay, copper 5 centésimos, 1854/40, encap-

sulated NGC AU 58 BN. KM-1. Nice strike but typically crude flan with rim flaws and natural pitting, dark brown with hint of luster. Note: Apparent scratches in the photo are in the plastic, not on the coin itself. Estimate: $250-$375.

935. Uruguay, bronze 1 centésimo, 1869H, encap-

sulated NGC MS 64 RB. KM-11. Choice strike, original luster and color. Estimate: $150-$225.

Venezuela 936. Caracas, Venezuela, copper 1/4 real, 1817, small

date. KM-C2. 2.53 grams. Well-struck XF, nice chocolatebrown color. Estimate: $100-$150.

937. Caracas, Venezuela, copper 1/4 real, 1818. KM-

C2. 2.69 grams. XF with nice red-brown color, some parts very

lightly surface-pitted. Estimate: $100-$150.

183


938. Venezuela, (2 bolívares), 1936, encapsulated NGC MS 62.

KM-23.

Estimate: $100-$150.

Bold strike, nice luster, no toning.

939. Venezuela, (1/2 bolívar), 1945, encapsulated NGC MS 64. KM-21. Light toning, muted luster. Estimate: $125-$200.

Tokens, Medals and Military Decorations Tokens Cuba

940. Lot of 24 Cuban tokens, various materials, mostly 1900s, some rare. 88.23 grams total. Diverse group of tokens, mostly for goods or transportation, all with clear details and worthy of study by specialists. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 941. Lot of 24 Cuban tokens, various materials, mostly 1900s, some rare. 85.10 grams total. Diverse group of tokens, mostly for goods or transportation, all with clear details and worthy of study by specialists. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Puerto Rico 942. Steel die for a Castaner Hermanos 2-reales coffee token (early 1900s?), very rare. Fumero-161, 62 and 63; Archilla Diez-130. 422

grams. Puerto Rican coat-of-arms (lamb on rock in sea) with F-I above legend PUERTO-RICO, all in reverse-incuse (like any die), the design part polished and clean but the rest with light surface rust, solid and heavy. Estimate: $500-$750.

943. Lot of 6 copper/brass Puerto Rican tokens, various

companies and denominations, 1900s. Fumero-126; 2562 and 563;

Two Castillo Hermanos Italia 5c (one with monogrammed-CEL countermark); two Sabater & Co., one PLAYA and one PUEBLO; one Fernandez & Ca. / Mayaguez; and one H(acienda) T(abonuco) 20c. All generally VF or better. SEE INTERNET FOR PHOTO. Estimate: $500-$750. 403 and 77. 33.87 grams total.

944. Puerto Rico, brass token, Lares Barrancos, “8” in star,

La Siempre Viva de J.A.M.M., 1900s. Fumero-219. 5.65 grams. XF with hint of toning, incuse design, scarcest of the series. Estimate: $350-$500.

945. Puerto Rico, silvered brass 5c token, Avelino Gonzalez, Ship Chandler, Playa de Ponce, 1900s, very rare. Fumero-87.

3.52 grams. Fine with full details enhanced by silver fields. Estimate:

$400-$600.

946. Puerto Rico, silver token, Antonio Frontera / Mayaguez around “4” in center, Confitería En La Bolsa on reverse. Fumero-68. 4.97 grams. XF with minor surface granularity, olive color from low fineness. Estimate: $350-$500.

184


Medals Argentina

947. Buenos Aires, Argentina (under Spain, struck in San-

tiago, Chile), silver proclamation medal, Ferdinand VII, 1808. Fonrobert-1061; Medina-281. 35.36 grams. Beautifully toned Mint State with lustrous fields. Estimate: $250-$375.

Bolivia (Republic) 948. Potosí, Bolivia, large silver uniface medal, ca. 1840,

commemoration of the discovery of the Potosí silver mine (1545), very rare, ex-Derman collection. 114 grams. Huge disc

of silver with design in high relief showing the famous mountain of Potosí, with EL CERRO DE POTOSÍ DESCUBIERTO POR DIEGO HUALLPA in legend at top (with the second L punched over a C and a C over the P in HUALLPA) and EL ANO 1545 at bottom, XF or better but with light surface corrosion on right side, desirable pedigree. A medal like this one is displayed with the original die at the Potosí mint museum. Pedigreed to the Alberto “Coco” Derman collection. Estimate: $500-$750.

949. Bolivia, silver uniface “cliché” (trial strike) of large President Belzu medal, 1850, unique, ex-Derman collection.

Fonrobert-9551 for original. 14.78 grams. Thin veneer of the obverse design,

showing head of Belzu on a pedestal next to personified Bolivia crowning him with a wreath, date in exergue, nicely toned XF with a couple solder-marks on edge, interesting trial piece, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Alberto “Coco” Derman collection. Estimate: $350-$500.

950. Lot of 2 Potosí, Bolivia, silver 2-soles-sized medals,

1863, President Acha (two different busts), ex-Derman collection. Fonrobert-9652 and variant. . 9.96 grams. Both AU with light toning and luster, one with tiny rim-flaw and both with very light adjustment marks, desirable pedigree. Pedigreed to the Alberto “Coco” Derman collection. Estimate: $250-$375.

951. Bolivia, gold (18K) medal, 1825-1925 centennial. 55.78 grams. UNC with matte surfaces (as made), hint of red toning in places, with portrait of General Sucre inside legend 1825 • PRIMER CENTENARIO DE BOLIVIA • 1925, the reverse with arms of Bolivia. Housed in an antique medal box. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

185


Colombia (colonial)

953. Popayán, Colombia, 2R-sized silver proclamation 952. Bogotá, Colombia, silver proclamation medal, Ferdi- medal, Ferdinand VII, 1808. Restrepo-22; Medina-344. 9.68 grams. nand VII, 1808, from the merchant community.

Restrepo-18;

Lightly polished UNC, flashy with luster and starting to tone, with bust of Charles IV. Estimate: $700-$1,000. Herrera-79. 31.69 grams.

Nicely toned AVF, good contrast, with bust of Charles IV, issued to affirm Popayán’s faith in the throne’s ability to rule that region of Colombia. Estimate: $200-$300.

Colombia (Republic) 954. Bogotá, Colombia, copper medal, 1846, Simón Bolívar.

Fonrobert-8106. 58.93 grams. High-relief UNC in light brown color, no problems, showing Bolívar on a pedestal on one side and standing with a document in his hand in front of a negro family, the mother with suckling child and the father kneeling and grabbing Bolívar’s leg, with SERVITVTIS ABROGATIO in legend. Estimate: $200-$300.

Germany

955. Germany, bronze medal for the

sinking of the Lusitania on “5 Mai 1915” (error date), with designer’s name K. GOETZ on edge, rare. 67.31 grams. The

rare first issue of this famous medal whose propaganda-laden release resulted in many different copies from the British and others to show how cruel the Germans were about the incident, the overall design being a depiction of the ship sinking on one side under a legend that translates as “No Contraband Goods!” and with Death (a skeleton) selling tickets to passengers at the Cunard box office on the other side with “Business Above All” at top. The error date of May 5 instead of May 7 was due to a flawed newspaper account, according to the designer. Bold AU with slight brassy color, minor verdigris. Estimate: $350-$500.

Mexico (colonial) 956. Sombrerete, Mexico, 8R-sized proclamation medal, Charles IV, 1791, rare. Grove-C216; Medina-265. 27.04 grams. Lustrous UNC with light surface hairlines, incipient toning. Estimate: $1,500-up.

186


957. Queretaro, Mexico, silver proclamation medal,

Charles IV, 1790, rare. Grove-C153; Medina-230. 40.13 grams.

Lightly toned AU with minor marks, surface hairlines. Estimate: $1,000-up.

958. Guanajuato (los Mineros), Mexico, bronze proclamation medal, Charles IV, 1790. Grove-C75c; Medina-166. 46.80 grams. Choice XF+ with minor rim-nick, light brown

color with hint of toning on reverse. Estimate: $350-$500.

Mexico (Republic)

959. Mexico, silver 4R-sized medal, 1843, Constitution. Grove-85a.

13.18 grams. Deeply rainbow-toned XF with minor (old) damage in reverse field. Estimate: $100-$150.

Mexico (Empire)

960. Mexico, silver 50c-sized medal, Maximilian and Carlotta, 1865, restoration of the Order of Guadalupe. Grove-119a. 13.33 grams. Bold VF+ with lovely toned, darker toward rims, hint of luster. Estimate: $150-$225.

Peru

961. Lima, Peru, 2R-sized proclamation medal, 1852, President Echenique / Constitution and Codes. Fonrobert-9097. 6.93 grams. XF with

very light toning, muted luster, natural surface granularity in centers. Estimate: $150-$225.

Puerto Rico (under Spain)

962. Puerto Rico (under Spain, struck in Barce-

lona), oval bronze religious medallion, De Borinquen Protectora, Virgen De La Providencia, ca. 1890s, very rare. 11.32 grams. Somewhat worn (Fine)

but with loop at top intact (rare thus), this piece shows the Virgin Mary holding baby Jesus on a pedestal that says DE BORINQUEN PROTECTORA / VIRGEN DE LA PROVIDENCIA (barely visible) on one side and a flag-bearing lamb on a rock in the sea (the arms of Puerto Rico) under the words Sn JUAN DE PUERTO-RICO on the other side, this specimen actually superior to the Efrain Archilla-Diez example published on NeoCollect. com. A smaller version is slightly more common. Estimate: $200-$300.

187


963. Puerto Rico (under Spain), gold-colored

bronze medal, 1893, first place prize at an exposition for the 400th anniversary of the discovery of the island. 53.64 grams. High relief, UNC with luster,

showing a bust of Columbus with ship and globe in background on obverse, CON MOTIVO DEL 4O CENTENARIO DEL DESCUBRIMIENTO DE LA ISLA and PREMIO AL MERITO inside legend EXPOSICION DE PUERTO RICO with 1893 date at bottom on reverse, engraved by Castells. Estimate: $1,000-up.

Venezuela

964. Venezuela, silver medal, deliverance of Simón Bolívar from assassination in 1828 (struck 1829), very rare and im-

portant. Urdaneta Braschi-I.A.12. 44.68 grams. This famous medal was struck to honor Bolívar’s aide, L.D. Palacios, for his heroism in delaying a would-be assassin long enough for Bolívar to escape on September 25, 1828, although the act is more properly attributed to Bolívar’s mistress, Manuela Saenz, whom he later called “Libertadora del Libertador.” The design consists of Bolívar’s bust on a pedestal on the obverse and the all-seeing eye in a radiant pyramid on the reverse above the words L. D. P. / SALVO LA VIDA / DEL LIBERTADOR / SIMON BOLÍVAR / LA NOCHE DEL 25. DE SEP. / DE 1825. While it is generally accepted that L. D. P. stands for the initials of Bolívar’s aide, this medal is sometimes referred to as “La Divina Providencia,” and a population of just 10 specimens made is often reported. Choice XF with light toning and lustrous fields, minor natural rim-flaws. Housed in an antique medal box. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

Bolivia (Republic) 965. Potosí, Bolivia, oval silver uniface military decoration, 1825, liberation

of Cochabamba, very rare, ex-Derman collection. Cunietti-15 (page 135). 7.72 grams,

1” x 7/8”. With sun above olive branches inside legend P.L. PATRIA A LOS FIELES L.D. COCHABANBA (sic) inside a tulip border, this medal was issued by Sucre’s decree of February 1825 and given to the troops under Antonio Sturnino Sánchez. Officers received medals in gold and silver but the lower ranks received patches instead. VF with toning around details, loop at top. For further information see: Vicente Lecuna, Documentos referentes a la fundacion de Bolivia, Volume I (Caracas, 1924), page 97. Pedigreed to the Alberto “Coco” Derman collection. Estimate: $4,000-$6,000.

188


Military Decorations The Battle of Pichincha (May 24, 1822) The Battle of Pichincha, on the slopes of the Pichincha volcano near Quito, Ecuador, was a pivotal conflict in the South American wars of Independence and set the stage for the final push to take Peru and drive the Spanish from the continent. It was also one of the most diverse in terms of troop nationalities. In simple terms, the Battle of Pichincha was patriots versus royalists, the former led by General Antonio José de Sucre, sent by Simón Bolívar to lead the people of Guayaquil, who had declared independence in 1820, in a campaign to liberate Quito, the seat of Spanish government for the region under Peru. Bolívar felt a sense of urgency to incorporate the area into newly liberated Colombia, for the people of Guayaquil were deciding whether to join Peru instead or even set up their own Republic. On the royalist side was the Spanish general Don Melchor de Aymerich. The Ecuadorians were joined in their march to Quito by troops from Colombia and Argentina, as well as Peruvian and Chilean troops formerly under the command of the southern liberator of Peru, José de San Martín. Even some British and French troops contributed to the patriot cause. The two sides met, somewhat to each other’s surprise, on the steep slopes of the mountain, where the battle was fought and concluded in just three hours’ time. Aymerich retreated, and the next day Quito surrendered to Sucre and the patriots. The next month, Bolívar himself came to Quito and declared it officially part of the Republic of Colombia. Although Sucre was already considered a very able commander, the Battle of Pichincha solidified his reputation as one of the top rebel military officers. The Battle of Pichincha also marked the military appearance of a most remarkable woman: Manuela Sáenz. Manuela was a native quiteña who had lived in Lima for a time and had been involved in the independence movement there. She joined Sucre’s forces, fighting in the battle and spending her own money on food and medicine for the troops. She was awarded the rank of lieutenant and would go on to become an important cavalry commander in subsequent battles, eventually reaching the rank of colonel. She is better known today for what happened shortly after the war: She met Simón Bolívar and they fell in love. On May 29, General Sucre decreed that the Battle of Pichincha should be commemorated by the issuance in Quito of several important military decorations, specifically gold ones for the leading officers on the battlefield. A similar decree on July 1 led to the creation of different medals struck in Lima. In this auction we offer five of these medals (from both issues), each of utmost significance as an official decoration for one of the most important battles in Latin American history.

Ecuador 966. Quito, Ecuador, uniface gold military decoration commemorating the liberation of Quito in 1822 (Battle of Pichincha), extremely rare and very important. Historia de los Premios Militares, Vol. III (1908), pages 79-81. Similar to one shown in South American Decorations and War Medals by Gillingham (1932), page 132. 10.91 grams, 1-1/4” diameter, 1” oval at top. A round

medal with twelve, connected rays under a separate laurel wreath, with radiant sunface over Ecuadorian mountain chain in center, legend LIBERTADOR DE QUITO and ANO DE 1822. The creation of this gold medal was decreed by Antonio Sucre by order of Simón Bolívar in Quito on May 29, 1822 specifically for the Colombian and Ecuadorian generals in charge on the battlefield in 1822. This magnificent piece is in excellent condition and should be considered the crown jewel of the entire Pichincha commemoration. Estimate: $25,000-up.

189


967. Quito, Ecuador, enameled uniface gold military

decoration commemorating the liberation of Quito in 1822 (Battle of Pichincha), very rare. Historia de los Premios Militares,

Vol. III (1908), pages 79-81. 14.96 grams, 1-1/4” diameter, 7/8” oval at top.

Within the May 29 decree that called for the Pichincha medals, it was established that troops in the battle besides the Colombian and Ecuadorian generals could be awarded similar pieces designed by their own people. One such modified design, like we see here, was described by the municipality of Quito as being enameled. There are also slight modifications of design, like the removal of the date below the mountains and the face on the sun. The laurel-wreath piece at top is slightly different as well. The enamel is 100% intact, with practically no wear, the back of the medal blank (polished) but with knob of extra metal near edge. Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

968. Quito, Ecuador, oval uniface silver military decoration commemorating the liberation of Quito in 1822 (Pichincha), very rare. Historia de los Premios Militares, Vol. III (1908), pages 84-85. Also shown in South American Decorations and War Medals by Gillingham (1932), plate II (page 148). 20.18 grams,

1-3/4” x 1-1/2”. A choice-condition piece (toned Mint State) with serrated edge design (24 sharp points) and symbolic design in center showing radiant sunface over emblems of Colombia, Peru and Argentina around the words A LOS LIBERTADORES DE QUITO, with RENA SOL PERU (“the sun of Peru reborn”) in exergue. A smaller version can be found in the ANS collection. Estimate: $12,500-up.

Peru 969. Lima, Peru, double-sided oval silver military decoration commemorating the liberation of Quito in 1822 (Pichincha), very rare.

Colección de leyes, decretos y otros documentos, sobre condecoraciones militares, medallas conmemorativas, monedas metálica, by Rosa (1891), page 249. 13.94 grams, 1-1/4” x 1”. A choice piece,

beautifully toned AU+ with loop and ring at top, with A LOS LIBERTADORES DE QUITO on obverse and YO FUI DEL EJERCITO LIBERTADOR on reverse, struck by decree of July 1, 1822. This medal is distinct from similar ones for Peruvian troops (see next lot) that show the words LA PATRIA AGREDECIA on reverse. In our Auction #15 examples of each side of this medal were represented (under Ecuador) as a pair of uniface medals with wreaths at top (lot #1492) that sold for $32,500 plus the buyer’s fee. Estimate: $10,000-up.

190


970. Lima, Peru, semi-uniface oval silver mili-

tary decoration commemorating the liberation of Quito in 1822 (Pichincha), very rare. Colección

de leyes, decretos y otros documentos, sobre condecoraciones militares, medallas conmemorativas, monedas metálica, by Rosa (1891), page 279.

8.01 grams, 1-1/8” x 1”. Another choice medal in lustrous,

toned AU+ with ring in hole at top, struck specifically for the Peruvian officers in the Battle of Pichincha, with A LOS LIBERTADORES DE QUITO on obverse and sunface and LA PATRIA AGRADECIDA on reverse, per the July 1, 1822 decree. This type of medal was made in both gold (for generals) and silver (for sergeants). Estimate: $5,000-up.

971. Zepita, Peru, silver 5-sided military decoration with original ribbon, 1823, very rare. Fonrobert-9265; Salbach-983; Colección de leyes, decretos y otros documentos, sobre condecoraciones militares, medallas conmemorativas, monedas metálica, by Rosa (1891), page 272; South American Decorations and War Medals by Gillingham (1932), plate II (page 148). 5.44 grams, 1-1/4” x 1”, with 1”-wide ribbon. This medal, issued by Peru to Ecuadorian and Peruvian

troops for the Battle of Zepita on August 25, 1823, was authorized by General Andrés de Santa Cruz. It is a unique shape—an irregular pentagon—showing EN LA CUNA DE LOS TIRANOS LABRE SU SEPULCRO with a wreath of flowers below on the obverse and ZEPITA AGOSTO 25 DE 1823 within a laurel wreath on the reverse, attractively toned XF+, the extremely rare original ribbon in excellent condition as well. Estimate: $10,000-up.

191


972. Ayacucho, Peru, oval silver military decoration showing Bolívar, 1825, rare. South American Decorations and War Medals by Gilling-

ham (1932), plate II (page 148). 11.36 grams, 1-1/4” x 1-1/8”. This elegant medal commemorates Bolívar’s campaign in Peru, starting with the Battle of Pichincha in 1822 and ending with the Battle of Ayacucho in 1824. It was created by decree under José María Galdiano on February 12, 1825, for the Congress of El Perú. The obverse shows the bust of Bolívar with legend reading A SU LIBERTADOR SIMON BOLÍVAR; on the reverse appears the arms of Peru with EL PERU RESTAURADO EN AYACUCHO, ANO DE 1824. It was engraved by M. Villavicencio y Dávalos. Two different dies were used to make about 100 medals in gold and 1100 in silver, from which 1000 were given to the public on the day of San Simón. This specimen is lustrous AU with very light toning, loop and ring at top. Estimate: $2,500-up.

192


Documents Note: photos not actual size (most reduced)

Paper Money Brazil 973. Brazil (Tejuco, Minas Gerais), uniface gold certificate

from the House of the General Administration of Diamonds, dated 1777, for “384 eighths” (ounces?) of gold, uncut and cancelled (“sem efeyto”), rare. Pick-A101. 11-3/4” x 7-3/4”. Excellent

condition, with wavy part near left margin and just a couple natural holes (as made) but no stains or tears or folds at all, the printing and ink very clear, a choice example of what was effectively the first paper money of colonial Brazil and popular for its ties to the Brazilian “gold rush” days. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

974. Brazil (Tejuco, Minas Gerais), uniface gold certificate

from the House of the General Administration of Diamonds, dated August 5, 1777, for “18 eighths and 3 fourths” (ounces?) of gold. Pick-A101. 7” x 5-7/8”. Like the last lot but just the cut

bottom portion (first paper money of colonial Brazil) and made out to a specific (female) individual, who basically gave diamonds to the House, paid one eighth to the crown, and received this note for the amount of gold value, the document being easier and safer to transport than the gold. Choice condition, no rips, tears, stains or folds. Estimate: $600-$900.

975. Brazil (Empire), Banco Commercial e Agricola uni-

face certificate for 500 mil reis (1858-1862), redeemed by the Banco do Brazil, serial number 3113, very rare (6 to 9 known). Pick-S416. 7-3/4” x 5”. Like the previous items, this was cut

from a larger piece and redeemed by matching up the margin (on the left in this case), with printing and signatures on front, handwriting on back, very soft and stained near bottom but not torn or folded. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

193


976. Brazil (Empire), National Treasury uniface certificate for 20 mil reis, allegory of discovery of Brazil at upper center, (estampa 3), series 2 (ca. 1850), serial number 35989. Cut from a larger piece and redeemed by matching up the left margin, with blue printing and black signatures on front only, very soft and somewhat folded but no tears or stains. Estimate: $600-$900.

Pick-A223. 7-3/4” x 4-1/4”.

977. Brazil (Empire), National Treasury uniface certificate

for 1 mil reis, personified Commerce at upper center, (estampa 3), series 7 (1843-1860), serial number 84730. Pick-

Choice specimen with no rips, tears, stains or folds, black and blue printing on front with black signature, the paper slightly wrinkled (as made). Estimate: $500-$750.

A219. 7-1/2” x 3-3/4”.

978. Brazil (Empire), National Treasury uniface certificate for 50 mil reis, personified Agriculture and Commerce at upper center, (estampa 4), series 2 (1852-1867), serial number 21809. Pick-A233. 7-3/4” x 4-1/2”. Cut from a larger piece and redeemed

by matching up the left margin, with blue printing and black signature on front only, also a messy dark redemption stamp, very soft paper and with two repaired tears at top and two officially applied pinholes but no folds, actually nice condition for this issue. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

979. Brazil (Empire), National Treasury banknote for 10 mil reis, young portrait of Pedro II at bottom left, (estampa 6), series 17 (1869), serial number 75414, rare. Pick-A252. 7-1/2”

x 3-1/4”. VG with light foxing and light folds but no rips or holes. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

980. Brazil (Empire), National Treasury banknote for 200 mil reis, older portrait of Pedro II at upper center, estampa 5, series 3 (1874), serial number 29519, rare. Pick-A248. 7-3/4” x 4”. Nice color and decent overall but with small tears at top and bottom, light vertical fold in center and rusty stains near top. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

194


981. Brazil (Empire), National Treasury banknote for 20 mil reis, portrait of Pedro II at left, estampa 7, series 2 (18691883), serial number 45274. Pick-A259. 7-1/2” x 3-1/4”. Soft paper,

with faint vertical crease in center and tiny chips in margins but otherwise nice, without any stains or tears. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

982. Brazil (Empire), uncut pair of National Treasury specimen banknotes for 500 reis (each), portrait of Pedro II in center, estampa 2, series 61, single serial number (1880), with “May 1885” handwritten in middle margin, rare. Pick-A243. 6”

x 5-1/2”. Crisp Uncirculated, with rubberstamp on top that says (in English): “return to E5 to be holed for [?],” the date in middle margin handwritten in red ink, both notes officially holed twice at bottom. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

983. Brazil (Empire), National Treasury banknote for 20

mil reis, portrait of Pedro II at right, estampa 8, series 15 (ca. 1885), serial number 26157. Pick-A263. 7-1/2” x 3-1/4”. Fully

intact (no tears or holes) but creased all over, somewhat soft paper, and somewhat foxed. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

984. Brazil (Republic of the United States of Brazil), Banco do Brazil (Rio de Janeiro) banknote for 500 mil reis (1890 decree), private issue, serial number 011015, very rare (less than 5 known). Similar to Pick-S630 but without “Nacional” at top. 7-1/4” x

4”. Heavily folded and worn, with minor stains and lots of tiny holes and small rips in margins, but with all details clear and of utmost rarity (unlisted in Pick). Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

195


985. Brazil (Republic of the United States of Brazil), Banco

Nacional do Brazil (Rio de Janeiro) banknote for 100 mil reis (1890 decree), private issue, serial number 47486, redeemed by Banco da República dos Estados Unidos do Brazil (stamped around portrait), rare (less than 5 known).

Pick-S628. 7” x 3-1/2”. With

heavy stain and tiny holes in center plus a few creases and tiny tears in margins, rare and important nonetheless. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

986. Brazil (Republic of the United States of Brazil), Caixa de Conversao (Rio de Janeiro) banknote for 1 conto de reis (1000 mil reis), estampa 1, series 6, dated 1906, serial number 58743, very rare highest denomination. Pick-100. 7-1/2” x 4-3/4”. Heavily folded and with tape mark on back and small stains, also with small piece missing from bottom margin, but particularly desirable as lacking the usual cancellation holes. Estimate: $7,000-$10,000.

987. Brazil (Republic of the United States of Brazil), National

Treasury banknote for 500 cruzeiros, portrait of João VI at center, estampa 2, series 35 (1949-50), hand signed, serial number 50858. Pick-148. 6-1/8” x 2-5/8”. Crisp Uncirculated, with

just a couple faint spots of foxing on reverse but otherwise as choice as they come, the large signature on front very prominent. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Colombia 988. Bogotá, Colombia, Estado Soberano de Cundinamarca, uniface 1 peso banknote, dated February 9, 1870, number 3662. Pick-S156. 8-1/4” x 4-1/8”. Thin (tissue-like) paper in nice condition except for two faint folds, no stains or tears, cancellation hole in arms near top. Estimate: $500-$750.

196


989. Popayán, Colombia, Estado Soberano del Cauca, uniface 5 pesos certificate, dated February 18, 1882, Class 1a / B, number 240. Pick-S142. 9-1/8” x 4”. Nice condition except for

minor foxing and traces of central crease (vertical), cut from a larger piece and redeemed by matching the left margin, printed endorsement on back. Estimate: $350-$500.

990. Colombia, Banco de Pamplona, 1 peso certificate,

dated July 9, 1883, number 2281. Pick-S711. 4-3/4” c 2-3/4”. Crisp Uncirculated, cut from a larger piece and redeemed by matching the left margin, countersigned on back. Estimate: $175-$250.

991. Colombia, Banco de Pamplona, 10 pesos certificate, dated March 4, 1884, number 1064.

Pick-S713. 5-3/4” x 3-3/8”.

Crisp Uncirculated, cut from a larger piece and redeemed by matching the left margin, countersigned on back. Estimate: $400-$600.

992. Colombia, Banco de Oriente, 5 pesos banknote, dated February 14, 1888, number 6340. Pick-698. 8-7/8” x 4”. Choice UNC with no damage at all, crude margins as made, with coupons at left intact (uncut) but undated. Estimate: $200-$300.

993. Colombia, Banco Nacional, 10 pesos banknote, dated March 4, 1895, Series A, number 570887. Pick-236. 7-1/8” x 3-1/4”. Nice condition but folded prominently down center (light folds

to sides as well), no stains or tears, good color. Estimate: $400-$600.

197


994. Colombia, Banco Nacional, 5 pesos banknote, dated

March 4, 1895, Series A, number 1475794. Pick-235. 7-1/8” x 3-1/4”. Prominent vertical fold in center only, no tears or stains, good color. Estimate: $350-$500.

995. Colombia, Banco Nacional, 50 pesos banknote, dated

September 30, 1900, Series B-C, number 96732. Pick-50. 7-1/4” x 3-3/8”. Crisp Uncirculated, the serial number stamped just a little light. Estimate: $200-$300.

996. Colombia, Banco Nacional, 1 peso banknote, dated

September 30, 1900, Series N, number 031409. Pick-270. 4-1/8” x 2-1/4”. Crisp Uncirculated, no problems. Estimate: $300-$450.

997. Colombia, Banco Nacional, 2 pesos banknote, dated April 1904, number 1976528.

Pick-310. 4-1/8” x 2-1/4”.

Uncirculated, no problems. Estimate: $250-$375.

Crisp

998. Colombia, Banco Nacional, 1 peso banknote, dated April 1904, number 0697700.

Pick-309. 4-1/8” x 2-1/4”.

Uncirculated, no problems. Estimate: $200-$300.

Crisp

999. Colombia, Departamento de Santander, 50 centavos

banknote, dated November 14, 1900, Series S, number 8179. Pick-S1159. 3-3/4” x 2-3/8”. Nice condition except for central vertical fold,

tiny chips on edges, bold ink. Estimate: $500-$750.

1000. Colombia, Banco de Barranquilla, 50 centavos banknote, dated September 3, 1900, number 303864.

S524. 4” x 2-1/2”.

$300.

Pick-

Crisp Uncirculated, no problems. Estimate: $200-

1001. Colombia, Banco de Barranquilla, 20 centavos

banknote, dated September 3, 1900. Pick-S242. 3-1/2” x 2”. Crisp

Uncirculated, no problems. Estimate: $250-$375.

198


Cuba 1002. Cuba, Banco Español de la Habana, non-

denominated certificate of deposit, no date (ca. 1857), first series of 2 million pesos, with counterfoil at left, rare. 10-1/2” x 5-3/8”. Very thin and tissue-like paper,

with some holes and other minor damage from ink-erosion but otherwise choice, made to be cut away from its left side but that part (counterfoil) intact. Estimate: $3,000-$4,500.

1003. Cuba, El Tesoro de la Isla de Cuba, 20 pesos

banknote, 1891, number 62799, unsigned type. Pick41b. 7” x 4-1/4”. Folded vertically and horizontally but with no

tears or stains, nice color. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

1004. Cuba, El Banco Español de la Isla de Cuba, 50 pesos banknote, 1896, number 37047, encapsulated PCGS Very Fine 30 Apparent Ink Stains on Face. Pick-50a. 7-3/8” x 4-1/8”. Faint creases and ink stain on right-hand denomination, plus light graffiti at upper left. Estimate: $200-$300.

1005. Lot of 6 Republic of Cuba banknotes, as follows: 5 pesos, 1869, Series D, number 10300; Junta Central Republicana de Cuba y Puerto Rico, 1 peso, 1869, number 16428; 1 peso, 1934, number A703768A; 5 pesos silver certificate, 1938, number A496235A; 10 pesos silver certificate, 1945, number D063400A; and Banco Nacional de Cuba, 100 pesos specimen, 1961, number 118034.

Pick-56a, 61, 69a, 70d, 71f and 99s. VF to Crisp Uncirculated, some stains on one but otherwise all rather nice. Estimate: $500-$750.

199


Mexico

1006. Mexico (Empire), uniface 1 peso certificate, 1823,

number 43,394. Frampton-M10d. 5-7/8” x 4-1/4”. XF+ with diagonal cancellation cut at bottom left. Estimate: $150-$225.

1007. Mexico (Empire), 1 peso certificate (large), 1823, number 116430. Frampton-M15a. 12” x 8-1/4”. Choice VF with central fold only. Estimate: $350-$500.

1008. Mexico, Banco de Londres, México y Sud América, 1000 pesos specimen banknote, no date (1867-72), number 1208, rare. Frampton-M256s. 7-5/8” x 3-1/2”. XF with ink stain at bot-

tom right, no folds or tears, “specimen” handwritten in red ink across center. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

1009. Mexico, Banco de Aguascalientes, 20 pesos banknote, 1902, Series A, number 05787. Frampton-M53a. 7-1/4” x 3-1/8”.

VG, several folds and minor tears in margins. Estimate: $175-$250.

1010. Mexico, Banco de Chihuahua, 25 centavos banknote, 1889, Series A, number 162385. Frampton-M73a. 4-3/8” x 2-1/8”. VG/F with fold in center and chip in edge at bottom. Estimate: $200-$300.

1011. Mexico, Banco Minero de Chihuahua, 50 centavos banknote, 1914, number 942139, rare. Frampton-M151. 3-7/8” x 2-1/2”. XF+, light fold in center with minor foxing. Estimate: $700-$1,000.

200


1012. Mexico, El Banco Minero (Chihuahua), 10 pesos banknote, 1910, Series V.3, number 73477. Frampton-M134a.

7-1/8” x 3-1/8”. Soft G with tiny chips in edges, pinhole in center, several folds. Estimate: $175-$250.

1013. Mexico, El Banco Minero (Chihuahua), 5 pesos banknote, 1910, Series T.3, number 355850. Frampton-M132a.

6-1/2” x 2-3/4”. Soft G with promi-

nent folds but no tears or holes. Estimate: $100-$150.

1014. Mexico, Banco de Durango, 100 pesos banknote, small size, 1914, Series H, number 2368. Frampton-M338a. 6-7/8” x 3-1/4”. AU with minute edge-bumps at top. Estimate: $350-$500.

1015. Mexico, Banco de Durango, 50 pesos banknote, small size, 1914, Series J, number 3135. Frampton-M336a. 6-3/4” x 3-1/4”. AU, just a couple tiny ink stains (from the signatures) away from UNC, still very crisp and vivid. Estimate: $300-$450.

1016. Mexico, El Banco de la República Mexicana, 5 pesos specimen banknote, no date (1918), Series 1 (ABNC). Frampton-M318s. 6” x 2-3/4”. UNC, ink stamp at top

left, four cancellation holes across bottom. Estimate: $200-$300.

Venezuela 1017. Venezuela, Leproserías Nacionales, 5 bolívares banknote, Series C (1940), number 02565. Pick-S365. 5-1/4” x

2-1/4”. Soft paper, with light foxing around edges but no tears or holes, F overall. Estimate: $250-$375.

201


1018. Venezuela, Banco Central, matched denomination set of 100-50-20-10-5-2 bolívares, dated March 20, 2007, all number A00000604. Pick-88 to 93. 6-1/8” x 2-5/8” each. All Crisp Uncirculated and perfect in every way, current in Venezuela but of collector value due to the matching (and low) serial numbers. Estimate: $200-$300.

Maps

1019. British copperplate-engraved map of the West Indies and the coasts of North and South America by Emanuel Bowen (published in London ca. 1744-46) entitled “A new and accurate chart of the West Indies with the adjacent coasts of North and South America drawn from the best authorities, assisted by the most approved modern maps & charts, and regulated by astronom(ica)l observations,” hand colored. 18” x 15-1/2”. A wonderfully annotated map with tons of place names and paragraphs about historical events and geographical descriptions, showing all the areas in and around the Caribbean, created in the time of Admiral Vernon and major British-Spanish conflicts in the area, in excellent condition with just one fold down the middle from being part of a large book (believed to be Navigantium atque Itinerantium Bibliotheca : or, a Compleat Collection of Voyages and Travels, by John Harris). Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

202


1020. Italian copperplate-engraved map of the Gulf of Mexico and the Antilles by Jacques Nicolas Bellin (dated 1781)

entitled “Carta del Golfo del Messico e dell’ Isole Antille,” hand colored. 14-3/4” x 10-3/4”. Nice condition, with light folds from original book (believed to be Suite de L’Histoire, published in Amsterdam and Venice in 1781), clean paper with good color around the coasts, showing all the areas in and around the Caribbean, from the time of the American Revolutionary War. Estimate: $600-$900.

Engravings

1021. Engraving of Simón Bolívar with facsimile signature,

in oval wood frame, ca. 1870. Approx. 9-1/4” x 7”. A detailed portrait of the “Libertador” above his signature, printed in Columbia, SC, by S. Straker and Sons of London (a company known for printing confederate currency), possibly from the book Independent Peru History, by Mariano Felipe Paz Soldan, Vol. I, Second Period (Lima, 1870). Estimate: $500-up.

Consign to our Treasure and World Coin Auction #17 Spring, 2015

203


Books 1022. Pieces of Eight, by Kip Wagner, 1st edition (1966), signed by all 10 Real Eight Company members and associates. 9-1/2” x 6-1/4”, 221 pp (hardbound). Ten signatures on a 1st edition is the benchmark for this famous book about the Real Eight Co. and the

finding of the 1715 Fleet, the ten signers pictured on the back of the dust jacket (fully intact). Very Fine condition, no problems. Estimate: $250-$375.

Paintings 1023. Atocha painting: “Atocha Meets Her Fate,” by Ralph Curnow (2009). 24” x 20”. A dark and dramatic rendering of the Atocha’s final hours in a storm-tossed sea from a rear perspective showing the Madonna and Child on her vividly painted stern and her windbattered flag and banner atop her rigging, the center mast broken off and languishing in a wave that is engulfing the entire front of the ship, and a sister-galleon with similar fate off in the distance. As usual, Curnow’s waves and water are extremely realistic, a real challenge for most artists. Shown on the cover of the catalog of our Auction #6, in which it was sold as lot #1969. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Shipwreck Artifacts Note: photos not actual size (most reduced)

Unidentified mid-1500s wreck off the Dominican Republic 1024. Large earthenware “olive” jar.

8690 grams, 20” tall, 11” in diameter, 4” lip.

Akin to the amphorae of ancient times, “olive” jars (so named for either their shape or contents, or both) came in many shapes and sizes, this one a bit more elongated than most, with round bottom and typically thick rolled lip at top, with 3” hole in the shoulder that happened at the time of sinking or before, for the whitish encrustation on this piece covers it. With photo-certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $1,500-up.

204


1025. Small stone cannonball. 321 grams, 2-1/4” diameter. Whitish in color due to rolling on the seabed, rather small for its type, typically much lighter than its iron counterpart. With photo-certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

1026. Iron cannonball. 2050 grams, 3-1/2” diameter. Typical ball with mostly intact surfaces, part glossy and part matte but all deep black as professionally conserved (very stable). With photo-certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150. 1027. Large iron adze/pick. 1760 grams, 16” long and 5-1/2” wide. Impressively large and heavy and still somewhat solid despite heavy oxida-

tion, the rust totally removed by professional conservation (matte black finish), with wide and flat hoe-like frontpiece (adze) and pointed end opposite (pick), surely rare within its own area of collectibles but exceedingly so as from a shipwreck. With photo-certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

1028. Copper hull-pin. 1890 grams, 18” long, 1” thick. A long, straight rod of copper with flat washer fused at one end, the other end broken

off, with light encrustation over most of the surface, basically a large pin to hold together the timbers of the ship. With photo-certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

1029. Clay smoking pipe. 22.08 grams, 6-1/2” long. Unusually dark brown in color, with small bits of white coral adhering to the outside and coating the bowl, two pieces of the mouth end glued back on. With photo-certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

1030. Lot of 3 brass crotal bells. 31 grams total, 1” to 1-1/2” in diameter. All three intact (rare thus) with loops at top and neat slits in bottoms, the larger two corroded and with clappers missing but the smaller one still “jingly” and smoother, nice brass color all over. With photocertificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150. 1031. Lot of 25 colored glass trading beads. 66 grams total, 1/2” to 1-1/4” long. Typical tubes of blue, green and red (plus some striped

red-and-white), imported to the colonies by the thousands for trading with the natives. With photo-certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com or watch and bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com 205


Atocha, sunk in 1622 west of Key West, Florida

1032. Intact silver plate with tax

stamps and owner’s mark. 299 grams, 9-1/4” in diameter. Fully intact and solid

(very light surface corrosion only), with clear Philip III tax stamps (2) and artistic owner’s mark (looks like a backwards J with a small o) on bottom of 1-1/4”wide rim, overall very well preserved. With Fisher photo-certificate #85A-1370. Estimate: $3,500-up.

1033. Encrusted silver plate, intact. 529 grams, 9” in diameter. Complete plate with only a small portion of

oxidized silver exposed, the rest neatly cocooned in graygreen encrustation with a couple shells adhering on the bottom, the exposed part thin enough as to believe the piece is better off left in its encrusted state, which makes for a nice display anyway. With Fisher orange tag (1986) and photo-certificate #1159. Estimate: $1,250-$2,000.

1034. Intact earthenware “olive” jar, very rare. 3775 grams, 11” tall and 9” widest diameter. A phenomenal artifact, reported to be

one of only two intact jars from this wreck, as such jars are almost always shattered to pieces, this example with clean surfaces in light and dark orange color showing a ringed design, tall rolled lip, maybe a natural pit here and there but otherwise rather new-looking and very important for Atocha collectors. With Fisher certificate #96A-58582. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

Please place absentee bids at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com (use the bid sheet at the end of this catalog for fax or mail bids)

206


Spanish 1681 Fleet (“Porto Bello wreck”) off Panama

1035. Long steel rapier blade. 366 grams, 45” long. This piece was among a large shipment on this wreck, all the blades without hilts and rather well preserved for steel, this one intact but with pitting all over, rusty color but solid (conserved). With Sedwick photo-certificate from 2007, pedigreed to our Auction #2 (lot 448). Estimate: $150-$225. 1036. Steel smallsword with hilt. 274 grams, 32-1/2” long. Apparently not part of the shipment of rapier blades on this ship but similar, with interesting double-pit design near the ricasso (going all the way through the blade), with simple small hilt intact with patch of encrustation (the grip long gone), somewhat rusty and the blade slightly bent but stable all over (conserved) and somewhat rare as a complete shipwreck sword. With certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

1037. Short steel sword blade. 178 grams, 20” long. Among the shipment of rapier blades on this wreck were some short, single-sided sword blades like this one, which is remarkably intact despite corrosive damage, still somewhat rusty in color but fully stabilized (conserved). With Sedwick photo-certificate from 2007, pedigreed to our Auction #2 (lot 449). Estimate: $150-$225.

207


Spanish 1715 Fleet, east coast of Florida

208


1038. Gold and red-coral rosary, complete and intact. The chain about 27” long, the cross about 2” x 1-1/2”. Few shipwreck artifacts

convey the drama of a Spanish wreck like a rosary, for one can just picture the grandees and clergy frantically fingering their rosaries in a flurry of “Hail Marys” as the ships went down. Intact rosaries like this one are quite rare, as the delicate chain parts often separated. Comprising this piece are 49 spherical beads of red coral on simple gold-wire loops, interspersed with 5 gold beads, with complete crucifix suspended on a simple ring of gold, tiny medallions hanging at the right and left ends (both two-sided, one with Jesus and saint and the other with Mary holding baby Jesus on front and cross with rose behind and S at top on back), INRI at top. Intact barnacles adhere to most of the beads. Remarkably, this piece is nearly identical to an Atocha example from the original Christie’s auction of June 1988: Lot 155 in that auction describes the piece as “five decades of coral beads with five fluted paternosters [the gold beads] between.” While the present piece has plainer gold beads, its suspended crucifix is more impressive than the “cross with baluster arms” on the Atocha example. Such rosaries were very popular with Spanish royals (like Queen Joanna [Juana la Loca], for example), as the red coral was believed to protect against magic spells, going back to Greek mythology that gave red coral’s origin as “the spurts of blood that gushed forth when Medusa’s head was cut off by Perseus.” As a final note, we would like to point out that the Atocha example sold for $154,000 in 1988. Found on the beach. Estimate: $35,000-$50,000.

1039. Gold-and-amethyst ring (~22K), about 3-4 carats. 4.21 grams, size 1-3/4. A

curious jewel with large, rectangular, high-quality “emerald-cut” amethyst mounted offaxis in a dainty little ring for a small lady’s finger, perfectly intact, the stone quite dark and beautiful. While the odd mounting is not today’s style, it was popular in the Spanish colonial era, as evidenced by the many emerald dress-mounts from the Atocha (for example). From the “Corrigans” site of the 1715 Fleet, pedigreed to our Auction #2 (lot 451), with Sedwick photo-certificate from 2007. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000.

1040. Gold-and-ruby buckle, ornate and intact. 19.61 grams, about 1-1/2” x 1”. At first this looks modern because of polishing and the addition of a clasp in the back, but the crude cuts and settings for each of the 20 small rubies (somewhat light in color but all very clear) attest to this piece’s origin, in addition to its known pedigree. Pedigreed to the Bill Wyatt collection. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000. 1041. Gold “olive blossom” chain, intact. 43.91 grams, 32-1/2” long. A common type of gold chain from the 1715 Fleet, consisting of small, tight links with six-petal flowers on two sides (each one a little bit different) in high-grade gold, famous as the same design as the 11-foot chain found with the “dragon whistle” (Captain-General’s badge of office) by Rex Stocker in 1962, this example intact and a great length for wearing as a necklace today. Estimate: $3,500-$5,000. 1042. Lot of 26 small pieces of gold “olive blossom” chain. 31.87 grams total, about 21” total length. The usual type of chain from the 1715 Fleet, comprised of small, tight links with six-petal flowers on two sides, but not intact, the biggest piece being only 5” long, still nice for display and desirable with original certification. With Cobb Coin Co. (Fisher) plastic tag and photo-certificate #CC86-55B. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250.

209


Spanish 1733 Fleet, Florida Keys

1043. Dutch bronze “six-pounder” cannon with Amsterdam proofmark, encrusted inside. About 90 lb, 28” long, 10” across trunnions, 5” across breech, 4” bore. A small but thick-walled piece known in Dutch as a “steenstuk” (stonepiece) and in Spanish as a “pedrero” and

generally used to fire stone shot, with wide trunnions and bore, round cascabel with hole in side and hollow space at end for wooden tiller, sunken touch-hole in breech and bold (incuse) Amsterdam mark at first reinforce, the inside of the barrel coated with whitish coral, the outside remarkably well preserved for sea salvage (no pitting, only light patina), all in a very compact and useful size for display, an important and desirable item from one of the most famous Spanish wrecks. From the Populo site, with drawing and letter from the Rijksmuseum (Amsterdam) discussing the cannon and expressing the museum’s interest in it. Estimate: $12,500-up.

1044. Large gold reliquary pendant with engraved I-H-S (first three letters of “Jesus” in Latinized Greek), ex-Art McKee, plated in Weller’s Galleon Hunt. 35.49 grams, about 1-7/8” x

1-5/8”. This is basically a large, octagonal locket missing

the back and of course whatever relic was contained within, now with just a patch of dark encrustation adhering to the inside, the top loop intact and with elegant design on front showing a cross with monogram I-H-S (often misunderstood as representing Jesus Hominum Salvator = Jesus, savior of man) above arrows and wings, with a few old dents and light red encrustation in crevices, very impressive and highly desirable with McKee and Weller pedigree. Found on the Capitana El Rubi site by Art McKee, with his certificate (signed by his wife and daughter, Karen), and accompanied by an appraisal by Jim Sinclair, also pictured on page 91 of Bob “Frogfoot” Weller’s book Galleon Hunt (1992). Estimate: $20,000-up.

210


1045. Small gold ring in encrustation with x-ray slides. 57.03 grams, approx.

2” x 1-1/2” x 1-1/2”. About 3/4 of the outside of this tiny ring is showing, the rest

completely embedded in a thick piece of white encrustation whose reason for existence is apparent on the bottom, where rust from an iron object remains, the reddish-gold ring with 3-band design and so small as to be for a child or very small woman, the whole piece somewhat similar to lot 1323 from our Auction #10, which was featured on the cover of Meylach’s book Diving to a Flash of Gold and sold for $11,000 plus buyer’s fee. From the Populo site. Estimate: $1,000-up.

1046. Ivory fan/comb fragments in Riker box, ex-Meylach collection. 13.7 grams

total; up to 4-1/4” long. A lot of six broken pieces of thin ivory worked into combs and fans (three pieces each), one of the latter with full-length representation of a Chinese man playing a wind instrument with light gray encrustation around the design, with small plaque stating its pedigree inside the case. Pedigreed to the Marty Meylach collection and to our Auction #9, with original lot-tag #1984. Estimate: $100-$150.

1047. Brass navigational dividers, complete and intact. 18.41 grams, 4-1/4” long. Very delicate and exceptionally well preserved, with sharp points and moveable arms, the insides lined with grooves for carrying ink, somewhat small in size but quite remarkable for its pristine condition. From the Populo site. Estimate: $1,000-up.

1048. Large bronze navigational dividers,

intact except for iron legs. 49.00 grams, 3-1/2” long. Thick-gauge bronze (darkly patinated) with

operational hinge, designed with curve in center of each leg, slightly bent and missing the iron points of each leg but otherwise quite solid and recognizable. From the Populo site. Estimate: $500-$750.

1049. Stone grinding wheel. 40 lb, 15” in diameter

and 2-1/2” thick. A big disk of greenish-gray stone (somewhat light for its size) with white encrustation on one side and the other side with striated pattern from use as a grinder, rare and interesting, also pictured with its finder in the brochure “Treasures from the Sea” for a March 25-27, 1983, exhibition by the Historical Preservation Society of the Upper Keys (see lot 649 of our Auction #15). From the Populo site. Estimate: $400-$600.

211

1050. Pair of spoons (one

brass, one pewter). 61.30 grams total, 5-1/2” to 6” long. Simple

spoons in mostly intact condition, just a few pieces missing from the brass bowl and with patches of white encrustation on both. From the Populo site. Estimate: $125$200.


1051. Crystal panel with cross design as from a rosary. 1.34 grams, 1-1/4” long. A triangular pane of frosted, bevel-edged glass with cross design in center, believed to be the centerpiece of a rosary at one time. From the Populo site. Estimate: $100-$150. 1052. Encrusted silver candlewick-trimmer. 202 grams, 6-1/2” long. This looks just like a pair of scissors with a small box on the blades, but the box was actually to catch the trimmed-off piece of wick in one action, for early wicks would otherwise become too long and not burn away. This piece is solid but completely cocooned in dark gray oxidation, with areas of white on handles, broken and glued back together in places. Estimate: $200-$300. 1053. Small scissors, totally cocooned in coral. 61.49 grams, 3-3/4” long. Fun little piece with the entire outline of its small form (probably for sewing) preserved in a thick layer of white encrustation, with small pieces of debris adhering, solid and stable. Estimate: $200-$300.

1054. Ivory violin-string tuner, rare. 5.63 grams, 2-5/8” long. Basically a small paddle with hole in center for holding and turning a string to get the right pitch on a period violin. What is interesting to note is that this was the time when the famous Stradivari family was making the best violins in history, highly coveted instruments that are worth millions of dollars today—could this have been from an original Stradivarius?! Estimate: $200-$300.

Hollandia, sunk in 1743 off the Scilly Isles, southwest of England

1055. Brass tobacco box lid in heavy encrustation. 245 grams,

6-1/4” long and 2” wide. Very cool shipwreck artifact that is intact and clean, with lots of brassy color and all of the scenic design visible on top, the inside of it caked with heavy, rusty crud (impacted mud). Divers say that the Scilly Isles wrecks are generally “steamrollered” flat into the hard mud due to massive boulders rolling around the seabed, making diving there quite difficult. With certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

Please visit our website at www.SedwickCoins.com or watch and bid LIVE at www.auction.sedwickcoins.com

212


Unidentified 1740s wreck north of Haiti

1056. Long, gold “money” chain, complete with end rings. 116 grams, 53” long. An elegant chain with round, fluted links, each one

slightly different as made by hand, with larger rings at each end, choice condition, known as a “money” chain because links could be removed and used as tax-free money. Estimate: $15,000-up.

213


1057. Small silver-wire cage, possibly for housing crickets, fully intact and functional. 69.66

grams, 6-3/4” tall. A dainty little piece consisting of two filigree-wire tubes of different diameters, smaller on top, crested with ornament and flag (showing a five-petal flower) and with four-leg-on-base stand at bottom, remarkably intact (the silver lightly patinated) and with hinged door on side of large tube still fully functional. The only question is what it was used for, and the closest we can come to an answer is “cricket cage,” which is consistent with its eastern filigree style. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500.

Luz, sunk in 1752 off Montevideo, Uruguay 1058. Lot of 4 silver game finials, ex-

Castells. 40.04 grams total, each about 1” tall. Little amulets showing human features, three of them with prominent headdresses, believed to be playing pieces in some kind of game, darkly toned and a bit worn from use but recognizably intact. Interestingly, the Sotheby’s auction of 1993 had a similar set. Pedigreed to the Castells and Castells (Uruguay) auction of 1997, lot #26, with original catalog for that auction. Estimate: $400-$600.

Le Dromadaire, sunk in 1762 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa 1059. Brass navigational dividers. 26.70 grams, 3” long. Clean and brassy (matte) but lightly surface-corroded, the round hinge at top still operational, with receptacle at bottom of one leg for iron point (missing). With Arqueonautas certificate #VIC-004-01-16704, pedigreed to our Auction #3 (lot 1025). Estimate: $350-$500.

“1810 wreck” off Ft. Pierce, Florida 1060. Green-glass bottle and silver coin (Mexico bust 8R 1805TH), both with original photo-certificates from the salvagers. 410 grams, 9-1/2” long (bottle), the coin 20.60 grams. Very clean and

undamaged bottle with rolled lip and very shallow pontil, small barnacle bits adhering near bottom, with a moderately corroded 8R coin from the same (unidentified) wreck. With Gold Hawg certificate (bottle) and Fisher certificate #22109 (coin). Estimate: $125-$200.

Unidentified mid- 1800s wreck off the Dominican Republic

1061. Encrusted clump of about ten copper-alloy spoons.

280 grams, 7-1/2” long. A fairly neat stack of simple soup spoons, nicely

patinated and intact, with white and tan encrustation in between, no visible markings, nice for display. With photo-certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $175-$250.

1062. Encrusted stoneware bottle, early 1800s. 890 grams, 8-1/2” tall and 3-1/2” diameter. Typical stoneware bottle of its time but

with thick layer of encrustation all over, only a tiny bit of the glossy tan surface peeking out, nice for display. With photo-certificate from the salvagers. Estimate: $100-$150.

214


Various shipwrecks 1063. Lot of 4 brass items from 3 different wrecks: 1 barrel-

tap from the Association (1707); 2 musket trigger-guards from the Tilbury (1757); and 1 barrel-tap from the Halsewell (1786). 502 grams total, each about 6-1/2” long. Interesting combina-

tion of items (great for display) in that two of each type are uncleaned (those pieces with light veneer of greenish oxidation all over, the others brightly brassy), hence a nice “before and after” demonstration using three different wrecks. All with certificates. Estimate: $100-$150.

Non-Wreck Artifacts Note: photos not actual size (most reduced)

Pre-Columbian

1064. Collection of 8 pre-Columbian copper-arsenic tajaderas (several different types) from native American cultures in Mexico and South America. 276 grams total, from 1-1/2” to 6” in

size. A decent representative lot of different types, including four heavy mushroom-shapes, three tiny hammer-shapes and one small triangular one, the last-mentioned from the northern Andes in South America (as opposed to Mexico, like the others) and supposedly with high gold content, all more or less patinated now and in varying degrees of preservation but all intact, many of high value individually, all used in native cultures as money for trade. Cast in an alloy with arsenic (which is probably why they survived), the tajaderas were first documented in Oaxaca in 1548 by Spanish resident Francisco López Tenirio with a drawing and the notation: “This is the form of copper coins that were in used in New Spain.” For more information, see Axe-monies and Their Relatives (Hosler, Lechtman and Holm, 1990) and The “Tumbaga” Saga: Treasure of the Conquistadors (García-Barneche, 2010). Pedigreed to the Mark Bir collection (with his tag). Estimate: $500-up.

215


Arms / armor / militaria Artillery and Shot

1065. Dutch bronze “one-pounder” cannon, ca. 1690-1700, attributed to maker Jasper Van Epecom (Middelburg, Zeeland). 42” long, 9” across trunnions, 7” across breech, 2” bore. A desirable size—not too big to be moved yet big enough to draw attention—with clear,

raised shield in first reinforce above Middelburg stamp (incuse), large touch-hole, round cascabel with flat end, two “dolphin”-style lifting handles, marking “24L” near muzzle, all very solid and well conserved despite obvious light surface corrosion as from an excavation near the coast. With certificate and diagram and description of a similar cannon by the same maker. Estimate: $10,000-$15,000.

1066. Large stone cannonball for mortar/bombard, Spanish Armada (1588).

17540grams, 9” diameter. A huge ball (largest we’ve

seen) of soft and porous stone, desirable provenance. With certificate. Estimate: $500-$750.

1067. Stone cannonball for mortar/bombard, Spanish Armada (1588). 3001 grams, 5” diameter. Soft and porous stone, somewhat

smooth from rolling on the seabed, desirable provenance. Estimate: $250-$375.

216


1068. Iron cannonball grenade, Spanish colonial, 1600s.

1233 grams, 3” diameter. Typical ball but hollow and with hole in

side for packing in powder to explode upon reaching the target, solid but with deeply pitted surface, somewhat rusty but very stable. In acrylic display case, with certificate. Estimate: $150-$225.

1069. Revolutionary War-period iron cannonballgrenade for mortar, ca. 1780. 8500 grams, 6” diameter. Large,

hollow ball with hole in side, designed to contain powder and fuse to explode upon reaching its target, somewhat pitted and with slight rust but very stable (professionally conserved). Found at a colonial site near the James River, Virginia. Estimate: $250-$375.

1070. British naval wooden rammer for 6-lb cannon, dated 1749. 850 grams, 31” long. Basically a long wooden rod with wider tamping end marked with date 1749 and other numbers and letters and terminating in a lead disk held in with iron nails (one burl-void and some chipping of the wood at that end), the other end with steel loop-cuff, tiny tacks in handle at what appear to be intervals of some unknown significance. Estimate: $500-$750.

1071. French brass sector (for gunnery calculations), 1700s.

141 grams, 13” long. A rare instrument used primarily for calculating artillery angles and distances on the battlefield, with numeric scales and French script engraved all over on two flat arms connected by a circular hinge on the left, complete and in excellent (undamaged) condition. With certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

1072. Brass-bound oak gunpowder barrel,

English, 1700s (Georgian). 2647 grams, 10” tall and

7-1/2” diameter. An intact, small barrel with four brass straps, small pouring hole at one end and larger hole (plug missing) in side, the wood in excellent condition (still with old lacquer on sides) save for a minor crack at one end, very interesting and seldom-seen artifact. With certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

1073. British naval artillery powder-bag passbox, 1800s. 1657 grams, 16” tall, 8” diameter.

This wide canvas tube is so thickly coated on the outside as to have the feel of papier-mache, with British Royal arms (lion and unicorn flanking a crowned oval shield) in many colors painted on the side, brass rivets near top connecting to a leather carry-handle, the interior a plain grayish canvas, very sturdy and in excellent condition considering its age and use by “powder monkeys” to take the powder bags from the magazine to the cannons during battle. With certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

217


Edged Weapons

218


1074. French infantry hanger sword with scabbard, 1800s (model 1808). 1195 grams, 30” long. Bright clean steel blade with no

nicks or pitting, top part at point end honed thin, the ricasso stamped with simple CA, D-shaped hilt with ribbed grip in aged brass, the black leather scabbard with brass fittings intact but worn. With certificate. Estimate: $300-$450.

1075. French naval boarding sword, dated 1846, with anchor and maker marks (model 1833). 1000 grams, 32” long. With

characteristic slightly curved blade (falchion blade), single wide fuller (often mistakenly called a “blood groove”) on each side, and distinctively closed steel cup-hilt, this piece was designed to be intentionally shorter than a cavalry sword, for use in the tight quarters of a ship, a model known to have been used by the Confederate Navy during Civil War. The steel blade is only lightly aged but definitely well used as manifest by a series of small nicks (the anchor markings near the ricasso also somewhat faint), and the hilt and handle are dark with very light surface rust only, with two-letter (indecipherable) inspection stamp below a small anchor stamped on the guard. The spine (top) of the blade shows a faint but elegant script that says “MANUFre Rle de CHATELLERAULT Juine 1846” (Royal Manufacturer, Chatellerault, June 1846). Estimate: $400-$600.

1076. French naval dirk (three-sided dagger) with anchor mark, 1840s, replacement scabbard. 170 grams, 12’ long. Very clean and undamaged blade (still very sharp) with bright brass quillion showing anchor proofmarks at each end, simple wooden grip with screwedon brass loop at end, black leather scabbard with brass tip (old but not original to this piece). Estimate: $500-$750.

1077. Pair of British naval rigging knives, mid-1800s, manufactured in Sheffield, England (marked). 150 grams total, 7-1/2” to 8-1/4” long. Very sharp, short, curved, blunt-point knifes with simple, two-piece wooden handles, one blade marked with WM BERNHARD

& CO / SHEFFIELD and the other marked with 100A / MADE IN SHEFFIELD / Y, the blades used but clean, with some old patina. Estimate: $100-$150.

1078. Civil War-era U.S. naval brass-hilt boarding cutlass (model 1860), manufacturer Ames (Massachusetts), dated 1862.

883 grams, 32” long. Clean steel blade with no nicks or pitting (just some faint surface rust), stamped with AMES MFG CO. / CHICOPEE /

MASS on the ricasso, clean brass hilt around tight leather grip (intact but slightly chipped), well preserved overall. With certificate. Estimate: $400-$600.

1079. Civil War-era U.S. cavalry sword, manufacturer Ames (Massachusetts), dated 1863, with original scabbard. 1580 grams, 42” long. Intact blade with only minor nicks from use and small patches of corrosion, marked AMES MFG. / CHICOPEE / MASS on the ricasso, bright brass hilt with a few nicks (again, from use), wire-wrapped leather grip, clean steel scabbard with two suspension rings. Estimate: $600-$900.

1080. Spanish-American War brass-hilt sword dated 1898, made in Toledo, Spain. 1094 grams, 33” long. Bright steel blade with deeply stamped marking ARTA FABA [Artilleria Fabrica] DE TOLEDO 1898, fairly clean but a couple areas of surface rusting, the simple, Dshaped, rib-gripped brass hilt a French model-1808 design (see lot 1074) and nicely aged without damage. With certificate. Estimate: $200-$300.

1081. French felling axe (executioner’s axe), 1700s. 2540 grams, 33” long, the head 11” x 8”. Distinctively long blade (basically a treecutter’s

tool but also used for beheading), with pitted but stable and solid surface, aged (but not original) wooden handle. With certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

219


1082. Danish naval boarding axe, ca. 1800. 1220 grams, 33” long, the head 10” from tip to tip. Small, narrow axe-blade with pick at other end, indecipherable proofmark, fitted with steel braces onto a fancy and long but very light wooden handle, the steel cleaned and devoid of rust. Estimate: $1,000-$1,500. 1083. Dutch naval boarding axe, ca. 1800. 1672 grams, 20-1/2” long, the head 10-1/2” from tip to tip. Short, heavy axe-head with long pick at other end (lightly pitted from oxidation) affixed to the top of a short handle of light, smooth, cracked wood. With certificate. Estimate: $250-$375. 1084. British naval shipboard fire ax, 1800s, made by Shand Mason & Co. 700 grams, 16-1/2” long, the head 6-1/2” from tip to tip.

Small but heavy axe-head with pick at one end, the blade boldly stamped with maker’s name, with integrated sides clamped onto a plain wooden handle (short and light, also somewhat worn), the steel with nice old patina but roughly sharpened. Estimate: $400-$600.

1085. British naval shipboard fire ax, 1800s, with bell marking. 830 grams, 15” long, the head 8” from tip to tip. Clean but aged steel

axe-head with pick at one end and integrated sides riveted to a short wooden handle that shows traces of black paint, one side clearly stamped with a bell and the blade showing a tiny broad-arrow marking. Estimate: $400-$600.

1086. Small British merchant marine fire ax, late 1800s to early 1900s, with warranty mark. 440 grams, 12” long, the blade head 6” from tip to tip. Machine-crafted head with notch in bottom, cleanly honed blade and dull pick at other end, cuff-mounted onto a simple wooden handle, the steel a bit rough but uncleaned and with WARRANTED No. 422 stamped in middle. Estimate: $100-$150.

220


Firearms

1087. Iron matchlock “key” gun, 1500s-1600s.

1202 grams, 12-1/2” long. Best we can tell, this is the real thing: A functional (in its time) pistol shaped like a huge jail key, with pullback “trigger” in oval handle connected to a match-holder poised over a small pan with cover, all a bit surface-corroded and rusty (possibly once buried) but with working action and intact screws. Supposedly such guns were used by jailers as actual keys but with a visible (if not effective) deterrent for unruly convicts. With old auction-lot tag (LaCasa DeLeon). Estimate: $500-up.

1088. Matched pair of Eastern European horsemen’s flintlock pistols, 1700s. 1050 and 1120 grams, 19-1/2” long each. Virtually identical in design, with partially engraved steel barrels and locks, brass furniture (the butts ornate), carved wooden stocks with silver emblems and wire inlay on grips and on one thumbpiece, false ramrods, semi-operational but nice condition, unusual to find as a matched pair. With certificate, pedigreed to the Francis Bannerman collection. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

1089. European military officer’s flintlock pistol, mid-1700s. 698 grams, 13” long. Tapering octagon-to-round barrel with brass sight, engraved lockplate and ornate brass furniture, intact ramrod (possibly original), attractively ornate reddish wood stock, good working order. Estimate: $600-$900.

221


1090. British naval flintlock blunderbuss, ca. 1755, marked with maker Whately. 2420 grams, 35” long. Octagon-to-round barrel,

typically flared at end (to 1-1/2” bore), uncleaned and original, stamped with old museum inventory number 3291 on top, lightly pitted steel lockplate (with brass pan) engraved with maker’s name WHATELY, unadorned brass furniture, replacement wooden ramrod, the lock moving but not functional and the wooden stock cracked (but stable) under the muzzle, nice piece overall. Estimate: $2,500-$3,750.

1091. British East India Co. brown bess musket / grenade launcher, dated 1793 and marked with EIC logo and maker

Henshaw, also with name of ship Melville Castle on sideplate, with original letter written aboard the same ship, very rare.

4500 grams, 45-1/2” long. Fascinating rifle with cup-shaped attachment for lobbing grenades, that attachment and the steel lockplate cleaned and shiny but the barrel dark with original patina, both the barrel and the lockplate marked with maker’s name Henshaw and date 1793 and the heart-shaped East India Company logo (which also appears on the grenade attachment, below some indecipherable lettering), also with small proofmarks including a crowned G for George III, brass furniture, with MELVILLE CASTLE on the S-shaped sideplate in reference to the name of the Company ship to which this rifle was assigned, steel ramrod and two belt-loops on bottom, overall in excellent condition (including the wood) but the lock in just fair working order. Accompanied by a handwritten letter written aboard the Melville Castle dated 1793. Estimate: $5,000-$7,500.

222


1092. English flintlock blunderbuss, ca. 1780-1800, signed by maker Samuel Galton. 33” long, 1-5/16” bore. Bright steel barrel with maker’s marks SG over crossed arrows at lock, the lock in good working order with crown and GALTON markings, plain brass furniture, the walnut wood stock in average condition, with intact brass-tipped ramrod (possibly an old replacement). Samuel Galton was a Quaker gunmaker from Birmingham who supplied arms to the British government and for export. With certificate. Estimate: $1,750-$2,500.

1093. Belgian sea-service flintlock pistol,

early 1800s. 1157 grams, 15-1/2” long. Large-bore

barrel in bright steel finish with no markings, the steel lock and brass furniture plain as well, with lanyard-ring in butt, a common design made in Liege for the Belgian Navy and exported worldwide, good working order. With certificate. Estimate: $600-$900.

1094. Boxlock percussion pistol,

double-barreled with bayonet, mid1800s. 775 grams, 11” long. One of the most

interesting handguns we have seen with a rifle-like double octagonal barrel with 5” bayonet hinged to sight at end, each barrel separately fired with its own disappearing trigger and lock (side by side), with hingeaction to tilt the barrel forward and put in the ammunition, carved wooden grips (somewhat worn) on either side of steel handle, the metal cleaned but with very light surface pitting, good working order. Estimate: $500-$750.

223


Armor

1095. European steel armor breastplate, 1600s. 5350 grams, roughly 18” x 20”. Thick and heavy hammered steel with original black surface (uncleaned), the inside a bit rusty, typically with two pegs at top and musket-ball dent in body. With certificate. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. 1096. Northern European steel horseman’s helmet, ca. 1650-80. 2930 grams, roughly 20” x 7” x 12”. Five hand-forged parts (faceguard, neckguard, earguards [2] and helmet) held together by rivets and leather, with minor edge-splits in visor but otherwise fully intact, the metal aged but solid and impressively original. This design of helmet, offering what was known as “lobster tail” head protection, was typical of those used during the English Civil War of 1642-51. With certificate. Estimate: $1,500-$2,250. 1097. Steel right-hand gauntlet, European, late 1500s. 739 grams, roughly 11-1/2” x 5-1/2” x 5”. Hand-forged, with raised engraving

of 16th-century bearded nobleman (possibly the original owner) holding a polearm, with flared cuff, knuckle guard and rope banding that match a pair of gauntlets known to have been made for Philip II of Spain (George Cameron Stone, A Glossary of the Construction, Decoration and Use of Arms and Armor [1934], page 244), the index finger missing but all the others present and fully articulating (rare thus) despite deterioration of the leather bands and rivets (probably replacements from the late 1800s or early 1900s), also with some surface nickel-plating from the 1920s, but all the main steel parts original and well preserved, and old artifact that fell out of use when firearms came online in the 1600s. Pedigreed to our Auction #4, lot #1014. Estimate: $2,000-$3,000.

224


Equestrian

1098. Pair of Spanish colonial steel spurs (espuelas) with silver plating, 1700s. 1218 grams, each about 10” long with 5” rowels. Well-preserved pair with exceptionally long rowels, only a few areas of slight rust and a few tips slightly bent, the rest of each piece attractively silver-plated and intact as well. With certificate. Estimate: $400-$600.

1099. Pair of brass Spanish covered stirrups (estribos), late 1700s to early 1800s. 1699 grams total, each about 9-1/2” long. Typical

design, like open-backed shoes with upturned toes, two triangular vent-holes in the bottom of each shoe, a bit worn and marked from use but fully intact, somewhat small size compared to others we have handled. Estimate: $250-$375.

Jewelry / Religious

1100. String of glass beads, Spanish colonial (1500s). 24.00 grams, 18” long. A wearable necklace (strung together by the finder) of trade beads, mostly blue tubes but also one large, spherical bead with chevrons of red, white and blue. Found in a Spanish colonial area of the southern Caribbean. Estimate: $100-$150. 1101. String of glass beads, Spanish colonial (1500s). 37.47 grams, 27” long. A wearable necklace (strung together by the finder) of trade beads, mostly blue tubes but also two small, spherical beads with chevrons of red, white and blue. Found in a Spanish colonial area of the southern Caribbean. Estimate: $100-$150.

1102. Intact black-glass finger ring, Spanish colonial (1500s), very rare as intact. 1.13 grams, size 8-3/4. Large-size (for the time) fluted ring with 8-petal flower design, very light and fragile, the type

of item that is typically only found in pieces. Found in a Spanish colonial area of the southern Caribbean. Estimate: $200-$300.

225


1103. Spanish colonial silver crucifix, mid-1700s, from the area of the Ocilla River

in north Florida. 26.48 grams, about 3” x 1-3/4”. Plain, dark silver (uncleaned), the cross and Jesus figure cast separately and attached together, with intact loop at top. With 2009 letter from the finder. Estimate: $400-$600.

Any questions? Please email us at info@sedwickcoins.com or call (407) 975-3325

1104. Large, ornate, silver reliquary pendant with paper portrait of saint in center, Spanish or Portuguese colonial, late

1700s. 47.09 grams, 3-1/2” long. A wreath of filigree around an oval center that shows (under glass) the saint on front (identity unknown) and

a flower made from small beads from the saint’s mantel (the relic) on back, simple ring at top for wearing, 100% intact and quite eye-catching. Estimate: $3,000-up.

1105. Gold crucifix, late 1700s, Spanish or Portuguese. 24.77 grams, about 3-1/2” x 2”. Bright and shiny gold and quite showy in design, with small Jesus figure and plaque with INRI cast separately and applied to a sunburst and fleur-tipped cross, wide ring in loop at top, engraved design on back, excellent condition except for minor pitting here and there. Reportedly found on a South American beach as from an unidentified shipwreck. Estimate: $3,500-up.

1106. French wooden crucifix, early 1800s. 198 grams, 14” tall.

Simple wooden cross with bone attachments that include plaque with INRI at top, Christ figure in middle and skull and crossbones (Golgotha) at bottom, found in the south of France. With certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

1107. Silver Jesus figure from

a crucifix, Peruvian, 1830s. 237 grams, 5-3/4” x 4”. Heavy silver with

nice old toning, all details clear, nail holes in hands and below feet for fastening to a large crucifix. Estimate: $250-$375.

226


227


1108. Gold stylus with ruby and long chain, 1800s, South American. 29.88 grams, the pointer 5” long and the chain about 64” long. A long, thin

pointer tool in elegant design with fine ruby in rosette-shaped mount at top, connected via a thin ring (with leader and bead) to a very fine-link rope-style chain that exceeds five feet in length, exact purpose unknown but clearly the property of someone rich and important. Estimate: $2,500-up.

1109. Gold/pearl pin with toothpick/earspoon on chain, 1800s, South American.

19.17 grams, the pin 4”, the pick 2” and the chain 12-1/2” long. One element of this grand piece is something familiar to Spanish shipwreck enthusiasts: a scimitar-shaped combination toothpick and earspoon, with small but high-grade rubies in sides and loop on edge for connecting via a long, fine-link, thin chain (after a couple natural black pearls) to the other piece, which looks like a hatpin topped with one large and one small natural black pearls, 100% intact and undamaged, clearly once the property of someone rich and important. Estimate: $2,500-up.

Miscellaneous

1110. Lot of hundreds of long, blue, tubular, glass trade beads, Spanish colonial, 1500s-1600s. 368 grams total. Long pieces of light-blue glass, typical examples of what colonists traded with natives, generally made in Italy and still useful for making necklaces now. Estimate: $500-$750. 1111. Lot of hundreds of small glass trade beads and small crystals, Spanish colonial, 1500s-1600s. 58.47 grams total. Mostly dark blue and cubic in shape, but some tan and pink, a few spherical with chevrons of red and white too, typical examples of what colonists traded with natives, generally made in Italy and still useful for making necklaces now. Estimate: $250-$375.

228


1112. Pair of Spanish (?) colonialperiod silverplated brass candlestick holders. 1236 grams total, each 6-1/2” tall and

with 4”-square base. Bright but tarnished silver (removed in places to show brass underneath), each with flat, square base with raised and threaded center that the turned upright screws into, reminiscent of shipwreck candlestick holders but on a smaller scale and with smaller markings on bases (but also not corroded). With photocopy of pages from a book about similar pieces. Estimate: $200-$300.

1113. Brass mortar and pestle, Spanish

colonial, 1600s. 2230 grams total, the mortar about 3-1/4” tall and 4-1/2” in diameter, the pestle 8” long. Clean brass with toned exterior showing four Medusa heads in relief between dividers, the inside very smooth, as is the pestle except for the lower part, which is dinged from heavy use in its time. With certificate. Estimate: $350-$500.

1114. Large, coiled, bronze, African “Igbo Ibo” manilla (bracelet currency) from Nigeria, 1600s or 1700s, rare. 3454 grams, 11” long and 4” diameter. A coil of 19 loops with squared ends, crusty green patination all over, very solid and heavy but also important as form of high-value currency within the African tribal communities. With certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

1115. Large bronze African “queen” manilla (bracelet currency) from Nigeria, 1700s, rare. 1284 grams, 9” long. A thick C-shape of heavily patinated bronze with round and somewhat flattened ends incised with 8-point stars, desirable and important as a sort of “large denomination” piece in African tribal currency. With certificate. Estimate: $250-$375.

1116. Iron slave shackles from the Congo River

region of Nigeria, 1800s. 742 grams, 14” long. A plain rod with one end flattened and the other with large ring, two sliding shackles in between that could be removed only if the ring was detached, all a bit rusty but solid and intact. With certificate. Estimate: $100-$150.

229


1117. Earthenware “olive jar” (long shape, 1720s), intact but with encrustation as recovered from the harbor of Veracruz, Mexico. 3669 grams, 15” tall and 7” widest diameter. Narrower and longer than most, with small flat bottom, but refreshingly intact, with white and red encrustation, crude lip. Estimate: $350-$500.

1118. Dutch glass “onion” bottle, ca. 1750.

619 grams, 7” tall and 5-1/2” in diameter. Perfectly intact, with no chips or stars or cracks, somewhat brownish in color. Estimate: $125-$200.

1119. Dutch glass “onion” bottle, ca. 1750,

with exterior exfoliation. 490 grams, 7” tall and 5-1/4” in diameter. So-called “onion” bottles got their

name from two things: their onion-like shape, and the fact that under certain conditions the acidity of the wine inside causes exterior layers of the glass to peel like the skin of an onion. This piece demonstrates both in a beautiful (albeit fragile) display, with lots of tan patches in addition to the green. Estimate: $125-$200.

1120. Dutch “case gin” bottle, mid-1800s. 620 grams, 10” tall and up to 3-1/4” to a side. No stars

or cracks, minor shoulder-chip (possibly from manufacture), nice display. Estimate: $100-$150.

1121. Brass/copper tobacco box, French/Flemish, 1700s.

219 grams, 6-1/4” long, 2-1/4” wide and 1-1/4” tall. Elegant and attrac-

tive oval case, with hinged lid and base in brass and body in copper, all cleanly polished, with floral design and shield around “pour mon Jean” engraved on top, flower on bottom too. With certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

230


1122. Steel/brass English balance scales for gold coins, with weights, in original case, made by Freeman & New (London), mid-1700s (Georgian). 125 grams, 6” long, 2-3/4” wide and 1-1/4” tall. Steel scale with two brass pans, eleven brass weights (each marked

with their weights in antiquated units like “drams” and “scruples”), housed in its original oak box with hinged lid, the underside of which shows a paper chart of gold coins and their weights, missing only the string hangers for the pans. With certificate. Estimate: $125-$200.

1123. Large steel die for wax seals

on official Spanish documents, Isabel II (1833-68). 1990 grams, 3-3/4” in

diameter and 2-1/4” tall. Very broad size,

with crowned arms surrounded by full name and titles of Isabel II, well-detailed and even lustrous but clearly aged and with gouge in rim, 7-sided shank that appears to have a more mechanical function (possibly for striking medals) than hand-sealing. Estimate: $800-$1,200.

Natural History 1124. Two-pound iron meteorite from Arizona, rare size. 946 grams, roughly 5” x 3” x 2”. A jagged piece of iron with golf-ball-

size craters, dark patina with hints of rust, larger than most available for casual purchase and the first of its size we have offered. Estimate: $1,000-up.

231


232




 







                            

     Lot#

Max bid

Lot#

Max bid

Lot#

Max bid

Lot#

Max bid

Lot#

Max bid

  

233




                                    

        Lot#

Max bid

Lot#

Max bid

Lot#

          

Max bid

Lot#

Max bid

Lot#

Max bid

 

  

 

  

  

234


Treasure & World Coin Auction #16  
Treasure & World Coin Auction #16  

TREASURE AND WORLD COIN AUCTION #16 Live Floor and Internet auction, Thursday, November 6, 2014 In this auction we present some of the most...