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PELL7É7LLQTEN/PELLTSPÁNTSK 2013

Secwepemc NEWS

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NEWS A monthly publication serving the people and communities of the Secwépemc Nation

MAY/JUNE 2013 PELL7É7LLQTEN/PELLTSPÁNTSK

The voice of the SHUSWAP NATION • SEXQELTQÍN ADAMS LAKE • ST’UXWTÉWS BONAPARTE • TSQ’ÉSCEN

CANIM LAKE • STSWÉCEMC/ XGÉT’TEM’ CANOE/DOG CREEK • ESK’ÉT ALKALI LAKE • LLENLLENÉY’TEN

Team BC made history at the 2013 National Aboriginal Hockey Championships (2013 NAHC) by winning the Province’s first national title in the event’s 12 year history. Hosted in Kahnawake, Quebec, April 29 to May 4, Team BC defeated Team Ontario by a score of 5-3 in the gold medal game held Saturday evening. “We are so proud to bring the gold medal home to BC,” said Head Coach Joe Quewezance. “It was a great week in Kahnawake. The coaching staff couldn’t be more proud of the players and everyone involved with Team BC. The hard work and dedication was unprecedented and the team dynamics were incredible. When we held the selection camp back in April we were blown away by the amount of young talented Aboriginal hockey players in BC. Once the team was selected, we were confident the group chosen was going to be a strong contender.” Heading into the tournament seeded 5th in the male division, Team BC gradually climbed the rankings through the week and landed themselves in the semi-finals against Team Manitoba. The result was an

exciting 4-3 overtime win, which advanced Team BC into its first ever appearance in the NAHC’s gold-medal game facing Team Ontario. In the championship game, Team BC held a comfortable 4-2 lead until Ontario scored in the latter half of the third period to put them within one goal of tying the game. With just one minute left on the clock, Team Ontario pulled their goaltender, which made for an exciting finish. With one second left in the game, Team BC sealed the victory with an empty net goal. The Team BC program for the National Aboriginal Hockey Championships is managed by the Aboriginal Sport, Recreation & Physical Activity Partners Council (Partners Council) and sanctioned by BC Hockey. The program provides an opportunity for the Province’s top Aboriginal Hockey Players to compete at the National Championships, which celebrates sport excellence as well as cultural unity and pride.

“Congratulations BC Team” “The program is not just about elite hockey, it also is about building leaders - both on and off the ice,” notes assistant Coach Chief Shane Gottfriedson. “Through this program, we’ve shown that a long term investment in Aboriginal sport not only results in gold medals, it has influenced the way our communities see sport as preventative health and primary tool for wellness.”

BC’s Male Team Wins 2013 National Aboriginal Hockey Championshipship

HIGH BAR • TK’EMLÚPS

KAMLOOPS • QW7EWT LITTLE SHUSWAP • SK’ATSÍN

NESKONLITH • SIMPCW

NORTH THOMPSON • TSK’WÉYLECW PAVILION • KENPÉSQ’T SHUSWAP • SKÍTSESTN SKEETCHESTN • XATS’ÚLL SODA CREEK • SPLATSÍN

SPALLUMCHEEN • T’ÉXELC

WILLIAMS LAKE • STIL’QW/ PELLT’ÍQ’T WHISPERING PINES/CLINTON


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Secwepemc NEWS

MAY/JUNE 2013

NEWS The voice of the Shuswap Nation Secwepemc News is published monthly

Editor Louise Alphonse

OUR MISSION is to provide a forum Language Page for members of the 17 Shuswap Bands Kathy Manuel to discuss and learn more about the issues, news and events taking place Contributors in the Shuswap Nation; to promote Dalla Powder awareness of Secwepemc language, Jackie Billy culture and history; to recognize Ken Johnson the individual accomplishments of Dawn Francois community members; and to provide Shane Gottfriedson a vehicle for the outside community SIMPCW to learn more about the history, Sam Saul current affairs and future goals of the Jessica Arnouse Secwepemc people.

You can reach our Editorial Office by phone: (778) 471-5789 by fax: (778) 471-5792 by e-mail: communic@secwepemc.org; or by mail: c/o Secwepemc Cultural Education Society 274A Halston Connector Road, Kamloops, BC V2H 1J9

Secwepemctsín Wel me7 yews “Preserving Our

We appreciate and rely on the Shuswap communities for their stories and activity reports. Kukwstep-kucw

Language”

The Secwepemc Cultural Education Society is a registered charity a non-profit organization. We would like to invite you to become a sponsor for the Secwepemc News. We ask for your support by becoming an official sponsor through a fincncial contribution and with that contribution your organization will be highlighted in our monthly publication. The Secwepemc News is a reader-friendly, internet accessible newspaper and can be read on our website www.secwepemc. org and our facebook page SecwepemcNews and the on-line magazine page www.issuu.com. The distribution of the Secwepemc News is through out the Interior of BC, schools, stores, libraries, friendship centres, tribal councils, gas stations, and more. Please log onto to our website for more information www.secwepemc.org

Native Horoscope: Deer: May 21 – Jun 20
This Native American animal symbol is the muse of the zodiac. The Deer is inspiring lively and quick-witted. With a tailor-made humor, the Deer has a tendency to get a laugh out of anyone. Excellent ability for vocalizing, the Deer is a consummate conversationalist. This combined with his/her natural intelligence make the Deer a must-have guest at dinner parties. Always aware of his/her surroundings, and even more aware of his/her appearance, the Deer can be a bit self-involved. However, the Deer’s narcissism is overlooked because of his/her congeniality and affability. In a supportive environment the Deer’s natural liveliness and sparkly personality radiate even more. He/she is an inspiring force in any nurturing relationship. Left to his/her own devices the Deer can be selfish, moody, impatient, lazy, and two-faced.

Calendar of Community EVENTS

All are welcome to list any upcoming meetings and events in this space. Please give us a call at (778) 471-5789 or fax us at (778) 471-5792 or E-mail us at communic@secwepemc.org. Tk’emlúps te Secwépemc & BC AMTA invite you to the upcoming National Aboriginal Day celebration in Kamloops. This exciting event will be held on June 21, 2013 at the Tk’emlúps pow wow arbor grounds. Our National Aboriginal Day event runs from 5pm to 10pm and features a live music concert with performances by Bitterly Divine and Niska Napoleon. There will be also be a Moccasin Mile Run, Face Painting, Bouncy Castles, Pit Cooking demonstration and many more fun family activities through out the evening. To finish off the night, there will be a Fireworks show. Setting aside a day for Aboriginal Peoples is part of the wider recognition of Aboriginal Peoples’ important place within the fabric of Canada and their ongoing contributions as First Peoples. It is an opportunity for all of us to celebrate our respect and admiration for First Nations, for Inuit, for Métis - for the past, the present and the future. Please do not hesitate to contact Nacoma or Michelle with any questions or concerns. Nacoma George, TteS, nacoma.george@kib.ca, 250828-9775 Michelle Nahanee, BC AMTA, mnahanee@bcamta.ca, 778-870-5411 IRENE BILLY MEMORIAL, July 20,2013 at the ADAMS LAKE GYMNASIUM Feast begins at 4:00 pm, Family Welcoming at 5:00 pm followed by a Giveaway/Ceremony/Hand drumming at 5:30 pm 6:45 pm Power Point Presentation- Ken Billy and a Lahal Game to follow 8:00 pm House Bingo & Poker for more information contact Shane Camille 250-319-9093 or Evelyn Camille 250-374-1724 for Lahal and for the Memorial contact Nora Billy (250)256-0082 (c) 250-256-3994 Jacqueline Billy (c) 250-319-8479 or Shawn Billy 250572-2924 Esket Nation 37th Annual AA RoundUp, July 12, 13 & 14, 2013 in Esket, BC outside of Williams Lake, BC Regristration: Family $50, Single $25 Bring your Camping Gear, Guest Speaker: Deb M, Palm Springs and Barbara C, Prince George. BC. Dinner and Dance Saturday night for more information contact Ken J 250440-5768 or Fred J. 250-440-5889 or Serina S 250440-5723 2nd Annual Neskie Arrow Manuel Memorial Walk, Run, or Bike Ride - Saturday June 8th Ryan Day, Secwepemc Health Directors Hub Cell: 250-819-4044 or email: ryan@qwemtsin.org “Re Knúcwens te Secwepemc te Qelmucw e Cwelcwélt” Honoring Our Young Women’s Traditional Pow Wow June 21, 22, 23rd, 2013 in Chu Chua, BC Host Drum: Whote Horse, MC: Buck Sheena Whipman: Jules Arnouse Grand Entries: Fri @ 7 pm, Sat @ 1 pm, Sun @12 pm Princess Pageant, Tiny Tots Special Jingle Special Billeting is available for elders. Craft tables $75/wkend or $30/day, breakfast and dinner will be served on saturday and sunday. For more information contact Sam Saul @ 250-571-2509 or Shelly Loring 250-6828901. NO ALCOHOL OR DRUGS PERMITTED ON THE PREMISES, WE ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR LOST OR STOLEN ITEMS. June 7-9 Mt. Currie, BC June 14-16 Father’s Day Pow wow in Williams Lake June 21-23 Squianny (Neskonlith) Nicomen- outside of Lytton, BC June 28-29 Lillooet Friendship Centre July 12-14 Canim Lk.BC July 12-14 Squamish Youth pow wow @ Caplilano BC reserve

Rosie Seymour School 8th Annual Traditional Pow Wow on June 21, 22 & 23 2013 Grand Entry: Friday @ 7:00PM Saturday @ 1:00pm & 7:00pm Sunday @ 12:00pm * Traditional ladies special/giveaway * Princess Pageant * Bingo * Loonie Auction * Raffle tickets * Vendors please register by June 21, 2013 $50/table $75/weekend. MC: John Terbasker Whipman: Francis Johnon Host Drum: Moccasin Burners/Punky Lake For more information call 250-459-2404 ALCOHOL/DRUG FREE EVENTS !!! Working Together Pow Wow Society Pow Wow will be June 28, 29, 30, 2013 in Chase, BC * Boys/Mens Grass Special * Drum Contest/Lahal Tournament * Princess/Little Brave Pageant Vendors welcome (by donation) Saturday is a traditional breakfast, FREE admission/camping For more information contact Lucille Martin @250-679-8098 or Sarah Njootli 250-679-8311 or Olivia Sampolio 250-679-8257 Skwlax Elders, Chief and Council, and the Skwlax Pow Wow Committee invite everyone to join us and Celebrate our special 30th ANNIVERSARY Skwlax International Pow Wow Where: Skwlax Pow Wow grounds (Little Shuswap Lake Band reserve) 10km east of Chase, BC When: July 19, 20, 21, 2013 (starts Friday night ends Sunday night) Why: Share and showcase a variety of Aboriginal cultures through traditional songs and dancing. -Various Dance categories and competitions -Drumming and Singing competitions -Variety of SPECIALS/Aboriginal vendors/ Aboriginal food/Camping, showers, security available -NO Alcohol or Drugs permitted -Not responsible for theft, loss or injury Contact: Joan Arnouse, Little Shuswap Lake Band Ph: 250-679-3203Email: jarnouse@lslib.com Fax: 250-679-3220 Neskonlith Annual Traditional Pow Wow, sponsored by Ska-cheen elders society. Will take place on August 23rd -25th 2013 in Neskonlith. For more information contact the Band office 250-679-3295 or Patrick Adrian @ 250- 572-6075 or Laura @ 250-679-8584 Rosie Seymour School community would like to thank you for posting our Pow Wow dates and times. 29th Annual Father’s Day Pow Wow, Sugar Cane June 14, 15 & 16, 2013 in Williams Lake, BC Traditional Breakfast will be served Sat/Sun dinner served on Sat night. Specials, Coming Out, 50/50 tickets (no outside sales permitted). Concession and more Vendors $50, for more information on this pow wow please contact Virginia Gilbert@ 250-296-3120 or Mary Alphonse @ 250-296-3059 NO ALCOHOL OR DRUGS PERMITTED Kamloopa Pow Wow, August 2, 3 & 4, 2013 more information to come............


Secwepemc SecwepemcNEWS NEWS

PELL7É7LLQTEN/PELLTSPÁNTSK 2013 PELL7ÉLLQTEN/PELLTSPÁNTSK 2011

Pelltspántsk - “midsummer month” M-yews re spems te sxúsem, mmenípm te kekesú7 ne setétkwe ell m-q̓wentéses re kekésu7 ne tswec.

They would pick soapberries, spear fish for spring salmon in the river, and the steel head in the creeks.

W7ec re tsk̓éwelc te skem̓cís, tseqwnexw7úy es xelenwéllen̓s es píxems. There was an old grizzly, who was too weak to hunt.

T̕ri7 le m-penhénes me7 tégwenmentem es tsʼxentém ey e lé7es, yúmell me7 xel̕tskwéns swéti7 k kítsentmes tek me7 íllens. Whenever animals came to see how he was, he seized his visitors and ate them.

“Secwlélt-ken...” *“I am very low” said Grizzly

Tsk̓éwelc te Skem̓cís (Old Grizzly) tsk̓éwelc skem̓cís tseqwnexw7úy es xelenwéllen̓s es píxems emúm̓tes spetkúl̕ecws kekepéy̓em

M-c7emúm̓tes-ekwe ne spetkúl̕ecws te m-kekepéy̓em. He lay down in his den, pretending to be sick.

Kitsc re sk̓lep, ta7 k sm7eys ne tsitcws re skem̓cís t̕lu7 re m-stsl̕ílcwes, m-séwenses re skem̓cís: “lé7enk t̕ucw?” *Coyote came, stood at some distance and asked him; “How are you?”

tsúntem te skem̓cís... “kénem estás ke7 sts7úllcw?” “why donʼt you come in?”

old grizzly bear weak to be able to hunt he layed down his den pretend to be sick

penhénes when tégwenmentem visit him tsʼxentém go look at stg ey or le7 good yúmell although me7 will xel̕tskwéns he seized him swéti7 who kítsentmes he arrived there (where he lived)

íllens he eats kitsc arrive sk̓lep coyote ta7 k s (negative marker) m7eys he went or got close ne in tsitcws his house m(past tense marker) stsl̕ílcwes he stands séwenses he asks secwlét very sick/dying -ken I tsúntem he said kénem what is wrong? ts7úllcw come in 7u7llcwse-ken I come in wíwk-ten I see cwetcén many tracks k̓émell but estp̓en̓llecwcéns tracks coming from ta7 k stem nothing

NEW Language Resources Available

*Coyote said “I would come in, but art work by Jeff Samson

Xyum ell yegwyúgwtes re Skem̓cís The Grizzly Bear is large and strong

T̓ext re m-tsʼelílcwes re Skem̓cís A Grizzly Bear is tall when it stands up

Yect re stwupt.s ell re mtektsíqwes re Skem̓cís The Grizzly Bear has a shaggy brown coat

Xyum re stqwemílps

There is a large hump on its shoulders

Yect te xetéqs te sq̓wext re Skem̓cís

The Grizzly Bear has long front legs

Yect re q̓wexqín̓cens re Skem̓cís, re qwexqín̓cens tsemts̓m̓éqs ell The Grizzly Bear has long claws, the claws are also very sharp

Ta7 wes k tq̓wemútes ne tsreprép re Skem̓cís Grizzly Bears do not climb trees

Ne s7istk wes re etícwes re Skem̓cís

The Grizzly Bear sleeps in the winter

Spélem re7 xwexwístés re Skem̓cís

Grizzly Bears like open areas

Re Skem̓cís re cwectén̓s tse7mét.stem te k c7ístkten̓s

Parent Child Handbook with accompanying audio CD in Western or Eastern or Northern dialects

Kekík̓7et ne séwllkwe xwexwístés es w7ecs

Northern Phrase Book with audio CD by Bridgit Dan and Cecilia DeRose

Owl’s Children with audio CD West - Mona Jules North - Elsie and Antoinette Archie East - coming soon!

wíwkten cwetcén re ell7úllcw, k̓émell ta7 k estp̓en̓llecwcéns k stem!” I see a lot of tracks going in but none coming out!”

Grizzly Bear facts:

Full color Alphabet Posters by theme... animal, bird, food, clothing & tools

Eastern Phrase Book and audio CD by Lucy William

Tsúntem te sk̓lep: “M-7u7llcwse-ken, k̓émell

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Watch for new technology resources coming soon!! For more information on language resources contact the SCES Language Department 778-471-5789 or email language@secwepemc.org

A Grizzly Bearʼs home is called a den

They like to live near water

Re Skem̓cís re m-7íllens re7 re speqpéq ell re stek̓léps

Grizzly Bears eat berries and roots

Ketscús e sťqwewstwécws éystell re m-tek̓sélews They pair up at mating time

Re kí7ce te Skem̓cís stemét.stem tek nexwnexwsqéqxe The mother Grizzly is called a sow

Ec re stknémst.ses re stmelt.s re Skem̓cís The Grizzly protects her cubs

Re qelmúcw tsukw...re cmens re Skem̓cís Man is the only enemy of the Grizzly Bear


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Secwepemc NEWS

Secwepemc History. http://www.landoftheshuswap.com/tonineteen.html

MAY/JUNE 2013 There are a number of qualities that people look for in quality leadership. Some believe that they need to have good mental, spiritual, and emotional characteristics. It is also believed that they have an active involvement in their community. Chief Louis Chief Louis born in 1828, was Kamloops Indian Band chief, from 1855 until his death in 1915. Petit Louis or Hli Kleh Kan, was a dominant figure in the development of the Kamloops region and the construction of St. Joseph’s Church. He was recognized as one of the best chiefs in the Interior. On several occasions he went to Ottawa in an attempt to negotiate for more land for his people, and traveled to England to plead the case for the Band to Queen Victoria. His leadership did much to improve the oppressed condition of his people during the critical period of white settlement.

Secwepemc Time 1874 to 1918 The Potlach was banned, the first train arrived in Kamloops, the Roman Catholic Church takes over the Kamloops Industrial School, Chiefs travel to England to talk about land claims, and World War One, claims a whole generation of Canadians, including Indians from the Secwepemc Nation. 1874 Father Grandidier of Okanagan Mission wrote to the Victoria Standard regarding Secwepemc land grievances. 1875 Provincial Commissioner of Indian Affairs met a number of Chiefs from the Interior at Kamloops and filed a petition to express their dissatisfaction with their land allotments. 1876 to 1908 The Indian Reserve Commission was set up to establish reserves. 1876 Archibald McKinlay was appointed by the Provincial Government to concede land from the Secwepemc (from 80 acres apportioned by the Federal Government to 20 acres). 1877 The Joint Reserve Commission visited Interior Indians including the Secwepemc, who are seriously considering joining forces with the Okanagans, and Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce to go to war over the land issue. 1877 Secwepemc met with Joint Indian Reserve Commission to voice their land grievances. White people received 320 acres per

family while Secwepemc were allotted 20 acres per family. The Secwepemc were short of pasturelands, arable lands and equipment to operate on their lands. 1878 The Joint Reserve Commission is dissolved because BC no longer wanted to participate. A federal commissioner continues subject to the approval of the BC Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works. The BC Supreme Court is to adjudicate disputes. 1884 The Potlatch is made illegal by an amendment to the Indian Act. 1885 First train into Kamloops. 1890 Kamloops Industrial School is built and is run by the federal government. 1891 St. Joseph’s Mission Industrial School built at Williams Lake. 1891-1929 Father LeJuene, a Catholic priest, is in Kamloops. 1894 The Roman Catholic church took over Kamloops Industrial School. 1906 Indian gathering in Kamloops. Chiefs, including, Basil Dick (Bonparte), and William Pierre (Shuswap), leave to Ottawa and England regarding land claims. 1907 Adams River Lumber company built dams on the Adams River destroying fish habitat. 1910 Interior Indians met at Spences Bridge to present the Memorial Document to Sir Wilfred Laurier, Prime Minister of Canada. The tribes were the Secwpemc, N’lkapmux, Stt’atlimx, Okanagan and Tsilhqh’in. Laurier Memorial - 1913 Chief Parrish addressed the McKenna McBride Commission on behalf of the Neskonlith. 1914-1918 World War One. Many Canadians perish including many Secw

Chief William Williams Lake, was named from the first hereditary Chief William. He was one of the four Chiefs named William of the Williams Lake Indian Band. The first Chief William died of smallpox in 1862, and was buried in the Glendale/Comer area in Williams Lake, near the original Indian encampment. The remains of his grave could still be seen in the 1950’s, but it has since disappeared. This presumably was the Chief William who averted war between the white people and the natives in 1859. The second Chief William, who reigned almost continuously from 1862 to 1896, was quite dignified and well liked by his people. He did fall out of favour for a time in 1884 and was replaced by his trusted friend and councilor Tomabusket. This chief died in 1888 and William again took over the reign of power. His son Baptiste, who was termed “nice, smart, real good for the people,” succeeded him. When Baptiste died in 1917, his brother Adrian William, also known as “Tillian,” replaced Chief William. He was a very strict chief and highly respected. He wouldn’t allow gambling or alcohol on the reserve. 1916 Many Secwepemc reserves were drastically reduced without their consent by the McKenna McBride Commission. The Commission ruled the size of existing reserves could be unilaterally reduced if Ottawa would obtain consent from the Natives, and that other lands would be added. Land to be cut off happened to be the most desirable for ranchers, farmers, developers, and town who wished to expand. The Natives withheld consent, stating the lands to be added were almost worthless. 1916 The McKenna McBride Report is completed. 47,000 acres of reserve land is lost, land which the Indians affected felt was good arable land is lost. 80,000 acres of inferior quality are given in place. 1918 - 5,000 people living at Fort Kamloops


Secwepemc NEWS

PELL7É7LLQTEN/PELLTSPÁNTSK 2013 Stories were told throughout the long winter nights. Certain individuals knew the full version of some of the stories. Stories contained mythical creatures who inhabited the land of the Secwepemc. The creatures were sometimes human and sometimes animal. Creatures such as the water monster, cannibal giant, and the little people were important characters in the stories. There were many stories told of Old One, Chief of the Ancient World, who traveled over the land and created and transformed the world for the Secwepemc. He, along with Coyote (Seklep), taught the Secwepemc many things and provided what they needed. Old One made the lakes, mountains, rain, and snow. When he completed his work, he left and went to the Land of the Dead and now lives in the Spirit Land where he sometimes sends messages to the people. Seklep (Coyote) was also an important figure in Secwepemc stories. He was a helper to the people as well as a trickster. He could transform himself into anything he wanted. He could die and come back to life. He used his transformations to help and to trick the people. Coyote often used himself as an example of how to behave properly. He helped the people realize the consequences of improper behavior. Through the stories, Coyote taught the people many lessons and left markers on the land to remind them of the lessons. On the banks of South Thompson River on the Neskonlith reserve are two rocks, one large and one small, which are Coyote and his son transformed into rocks. Coyote and his son were watching naked girls across the river swimming and had wicked thoughts about them. They were changed into rocks and are still there today. When one sees the rocks, he thinks of Coyote and is reminded to behave properly. The Elders tell the story of Coyote who insisted on copying Spider by climbing up a tree and trying to spin a web like Spider. Coyote got stuck in the tree and his fur is now wile – black tree moss. This story teaches how one should behave properly – not to be foolish and try to be like other people. It also provides an explanation of how black tree moss became a food for the Secwepemc. Secwepemc storytellers were able to enthrall the listeners and impress upon them the reality of the story. Stories contained emotions, feelings, and vivid images which make them easier to remember. When

one encountered the giant rat who ate bad children in the stories, one was certain to try and display good behavior for fear of being captured and eaten by the giant rat. Secwepemc stories transmit linguistic, cultural, spiritual, and historical knowledge. This knowledge included moral and practical lessons, social values, proper behavior, spiritual teachings, and explanations for natural phenomenon. The stories also contained Secwepemc identities and explained the relationship between the land and the people. The stories teach that everything in the world has a purpose and that the Secwepemc must respect it. The stories also provided entertainment. The stories were constantly repeated and instilled in the living memories of successive generations so they were not forgotten. In this way, important teachings were successfully passed on to the next generation. Coyote and Grizzly Bear Make the Seasons and Night and Day (another story next month).

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Cheryl “Sis” William May 16, 1968 - April 29, 2013 Cheryl William was born May 16, 1968 in Ashcroft, B.C. to Hubert Antoine William and Julie Ann. Cheryl, called “Sis” was the pride and joy of her mom and dad as well as her Grandma Maggie Billy. She was raised at Cu’wiw esken, Three Mile, Bonaparte Indian Band, went to Cache Creek Elementary and graduated from Ashcroft Secondary School in 1987. Cheryl received her Bachelor’s Degree in Archeology from Simon Fraser University in May 2009. Cheryl always had a smile on her face, a laugh ready and was always organizing and cooking meals for all of her family and friends and for her 120 children at the Skelep School of Excellence where she took pride in cooking for the children of the school and her 2 nephews for 3 years. She could tell jokes, stories and give you the ‘eye’ when she was displeased with you. She always had lots of love to give. Cheryl’s two treasures fulfilled her life, they are her daughters’, Rachel and Storm; her beautiful daughters carry her traits, mannerisms and quick wit. She and her girls lived in Kamloops with Aunty Kathy. She had a special name that her nieces and nephews called her; it was “Aunty Pepsi”. Cheryl could always be counted on to be giving advice, lectures and support to her younger brothers, Jason and Earl. Cheryl is survived by her daughters; her mother, Julie Ann Antoine (née Jules); her brothers Jason (Veronica)and Earl (Jamie); her sisters, Karen Adams, Marylou Morgan (Frank) and Matilda (Jamie); numerous nephews and nieces: Jaylyn, OShea, Rayna, Alex, Ross, Johnny, Hayden,

Zoey, Faith Ann, Sharene, Madison, Jasmine, Mercedi, Sidney, Darnell, Jesse, Sherman, Kayla; Aunts Hilda Jules, Elsie Jules, Kathy Meixner, Connie Jules, Flavia Jules, Denise Curry, Verna Billy-Minnabarriet and Great Aunt, Edna William; Uncles Richard Billy, Ross Billy, Tommy Basil, Rick Jules, Johnny Jules and Great Uncles James Peters and George Jules; and several cousins, Carolyn, Cherlyn, Kristopher (Krista), Heidi, Rocket and River, Shirley, John (Verna), Darren, Audrey, Lucas, Cheyenne, Angie, Higgins, Ronie, Georgia, April, Lonnie, Karen, Leanne, Trish, Marsha, Pugs, Gary, Elaine and Marlene. Cheryl had numerous relatives from the Shuswap Nation that are acknowledged. The family thanks all of the people who provided support, condolences, and assistance to the family during this time, especially the cooks and firekeepers.

Voters with Indian Status cards turned away from polling station

Voters using a Certificate of Indian Status as proof of identity were turned away from a Vancouver-Mount Pleasant polling station earlier today, according to Jenny Kwan, incumbent NDP candidate in the riding. Minutes before 11 a.m., Kwan’s team noticed that voters identifying themselves with a Certificate of Indian Status at the Carnegie Centre polling station were being asked for an extra piece of ID in order to vote. Elections BC was informed by Kwan’s team, and 15 minutes later had a representative at the Carnegie to solve the impasse. No information was available on the number of people affected. The issue was made public by the Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs (UBCIC) via Twitter. To be able to vote, electors have to prove their identity and residential address. In order to do that, voters can use a single document issued by B.C. or Canada containing their name and address, two documents that together show the voter’s identity and place of residence, or a Certificate of Indian Status. The Certificate of Indian Status does not show a residential address. On Twitter, former Tsawwassen First Nation chief Kim Baird said using the Certificate of Indian Status confuses people, and that is why she decided not to use it to vote in today’s election.

CFDC of Central Interior First Nations Jackie Bandura Jordan George Dale Tomma

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Secwepemc NEWS

MAY/JUNE 2013

Local Business Gives Back in the Amount of $20,000 in First Nation Education Carrie Leonard and co-owner husband Cliff Loucks of Sun Ridge Equipment Ltd., wanted to give back to the community so they made a decision to do it through a donation to the Howling Coyote Fund of $20,000. The Howling Coyote Fund was established in October 2008 based on the vision of a handful of community members; Connie Leonard, Russ Chambers, Hoberly Hove, Dave Manuel. This group came to the FNEC with the idea and it was put in place working with the Kamloops Foundation to set up the fund. The vision came from a collective belief in the potential of Aboriginal youth and a desire to help build community capacity through education and training opportunities at the post secondary level. Carrie recently did a radio interview saying that “I wanted to contribute to this fund because students struggle in pursuing the dreams and goals financially, and we wanted to give back in a way that helps them succeed”. The fund is jointly operated by the First Nations Education Council and School District 73 and managed by the Kamloops Foundation. The First Howling Coyote Education Award was given to VSS student in 2000 then one more recipient was added

Carrie was aware of the fund because she participated in the fundraising. She believes in education as a foundation for First Nations people. “My interest is giving back to the community,” Carrie says. Sun Ridge is in the trucking industry and they founded the company based on the opportunity that arose through the business participation agreement between New Gold and the Kamloops division of the Shuswap Nation, which includes the Tk’emlups and Skeetchestn bands. Working in collaboration with the Aboriginal Mine

in 2010, now there will be four awards given to Aboriginal students. “They’re people who started this business with nothing, putting in their own sweat and money into it and they’ve been an amazing success story,” said Renee Spence, director of the First Nations Education Council. Spence said the fund has amassed $60,000 and has awarded scholarships since 2009. They’ve relied on an annual golf tournament to provide financial support.

Training Association, they’ve had as many as 23 employees hauling ore and waste rock from the mine. Leonard went straight from high school into the work force, working her way up to administrative office manager with the band. She wants First Nations students to have the educational opportunities she did not have. “I didn’t have the money back then. At that time, you were lucky to have a job.” There will also be a donation made to the Kamloopa Powwow Society.

Left to Right: Deb Draney (District Principal of Aboriginal Education), Kimberly (Carrie’s daughter), Carrie Leonard (co-owner of Sun Ridge Equipment Ltd.), Vivian Leonard (Carrie’s mom), Nathan Matthew (Chair of the First Nations Education Council)

2013 First Nations Graduation and Awards Ceremony for School District #73 (Kamloops area) When: Thursday, May 30, 2013 Time: 5:00 pm Where: Grand Hall at Thompson Rivers University 900 McGill Road, Kamloops - Reception to follow

Renee Spence (Administrator, First Nations Education Council), Kimberly (Carrie’s daughter), Carrie Leonard (co-owner of Sun Ridge Equipment Ltd.), Vivian Leonard (Carrie’s mom), Nathan Matthew (Chair of the First Nations Education Council)

Left: Official Presentation - L to R: Russ Chambers (Past President, Kamloops Foundation), Nathan Matthew (Chair of the First Nations Education Council), Denise Harper (Chair of the School Board), Carrie Leonard (co-owner of Sun Ridge Equipment Ltd.)

Above: Congratulations to Deana Nicholson of Kamloops. She has completed a program offered by BC AMTA at their Kamloops location.

Congratulations !!!


Secwepemc NEWS

PELL7É7LLQTEN/PELLTSPÁNTSK 2013

Breaking Barriers – Cheryl Matthew to lead JIBC’s Indigenization efforts

NEW WESTMINSTER - Cheryl Matthew, recently hired as Associate Director, JIBC Indigenization, hails from the Simpcw First Nation near the rural community of Barriere, located just 66km north of Kamloops, BC. The town derives its name (originally and alternately, Barrière) from the rocks/nets placed in the water by First Nations people to act as fish traps, forming a barrier to boat passage on the river. Cheryl is a proud descendant of those who placed those fish-trap barriers from the Secwepemc Nation and has spent much of her own life breaking down barriers, which have often thwarted the progress and advancement of Aboriginal peoples. When she graduated from Barriere Secondary School, she originally wanted to go into law. Inspired by the example of family members who had successfully pursued post-secondary education, she decided that she would follow in their ground-breaking footsteps. “Two of my relatives completed master’s degrees at UBC in the mid-seventies,” said Cheryl. “For a person of Aboriginal descent to complete graduate studies today is still relatively rare. Back then, it was practically unheard of.” After graduating with an Associate of Arts from Langara College, she completed her undergraduate studies at SFU, with a major in Anthropology (concentration on Social Policy Analysis). Having discovered a passion for social policy analysis, rather than law, and recognizing the contribution it would allow her to make within various Aboriginal contexts, she decided to pursue consulting work, while furthering her studies. While she was completing her Masters of Arts in Leadership and Training at Royal Roads University, she was applying

her learning to the benefit of a number of clients and initiatives, including the BC Assembly of First Nations, Fraser Basin Council, and establishing the Centre for Native Policy and Research, where she served as Executive Director. Her outstanding work and growing reputation led to an appointment as Senior Policy Analyst with Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, and a move to Ottawa, with her then fiancé. In addition to relishing the opportunity to influence federal government policy and research, she also turned to her other passion -educationand decided to pursue her doctoral studies in Anthropology (Aboriginal Community, Culture and Place) at Carleton University, which she is scheduled to complete in June 2013. Having juggled work, education and family obligations for a number of years, Cheryl and her husband Kamil dreamed of permanently settling back home in BC closer to her own traditional territory and both of their extended families. She wanted to be sure her two daughters were able to know their Secwepemc heritage. She was familiar with JIBC and its Aboriginal Leadership program, so when the opportunity to take the lead on fulfilling the commitment to indigenize the Institute became available, she jumped at the opportunity. “The position hit all of the right buttons for me,” said Cheryl. “The opportunity to leverage my social policy background, my passion for education and research, and the opportunity to make a practical, handson contribution to the success of future Aboriginal students in public safety, health and community and social justice was very appealing. Moving back to BC was an added bonus.” She now turns her attention to breaking down some of those barriers that have obscured Aboriginal views and perspectives, on behalf of students, faculty and staff across the Institute; and leading the way for others to follow. About JIBC JIBC is a dynamic public post-secondary institution recognized nationally and internationally for innovative education, training, and applied research in justice and public safety. JIBC offers a range of applied and academic programs, which lead to certificates, diplomas, and degrees and span the spectrum of safety – from prevention to response and recovery.

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Secwepemc Prayer Kukstéc-kuc Tqelt Kukṕi7 t’e skectec-kuc t’e tmicwskuc. We thank you Creator for giving us this beautiful earth. Yucwmínte xwexwéyt t’e stem ne7élye ne tmicw. Take care of everything on this earth. Yucwmínte r qelmúcw, r mesméscen, r spipyúy’e, r séwellkwe, ell re stśillens-kuc. Take care of the people, the animals, the birds, and our food. Kńucwete kuc es yegwyégwt.s-kuc. Help us to be strong. Kukstéc-kuc Tqelt Kukṕi7 t’e skectéc-kuc t’e xwexwéyt t’e stem. We thank you Creator for giving us everything that we need. We would like to extend my sincere condolences to the family of Elijah Harper; his wife Anita Olsen Harper, his children Bruce and Holly, and his step-children Karen, Dylan, Gaylen and Grant. Our condolences also go out to the Cree people, particularly Red Sucker Lake First Nation – Elijah’s birthplace – on the loss of their leader and elder. Elijah was the first First Nation person elected to provincial parliament, and he was elected as a New Democrat. While his quiet stand against the Meech Lake Accord, because it was negotiated without the input of Aboriginal peoples, is what most will remember about him, in recent years he became a respected spiritual leader, helping people of all backgrounds find healing and understanding. He was also instrumental in establishing National Aboriginal Day on June 21st, which has become a Canada-wide celebration of First Nation, Inuit and Métis peoples, their history and contemporary culture. His leadership helped inspire a new generation to take up the cause of indigenous sovereignty, and honour the survivors of residential schools. His passing will be mourned by many across Canada.

He passed away early this morning from a heart attack due to complications from diabetes. His wife made this statement “Elijah was a wonderful man, father, partner. He was a true leader and visionary in every sense of the word. He will have a place in Canadian history, forever, for his devotion to public service and uniting his fellow First Nations with pride, determination and resolve. Elijah will also be remembered for bringing Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people together to find a spiritual basis for healing and understanding. We will miss him terribly and Love him forever.”


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Secwepemc NEWS

We would like to Welcome MIA LECUWES ARCHIE

Proud parents Leslie Paul and Adrain Archie of Canim Lake, welcome their third bundle of Joy on April 27, 2013 at 12:14 am, she weighed 3.995 kg, born in Vancouver, BC.

We Welcome with Love Jonathan Nightsky Anderson-Manuel

Martha Manuel and John Anderson welcomed Jonathan on April 5, 2013 at 9:48 pm, he weighed 6 lbs Kye7e (Grandmother): Judy Anderson Dearly departed Grandparents: Grand Chief George Manuel & Marlene August (Neskonlith Band). Johnny Anderson Sr. (Little Shuswap Band)

MAY/JUNE 2013 Congratulations to Miss Victoria Retasket

Victoria is a member of the Bonaparte Indian Band. Her Great Grandparents were Agnes Boffa, and Michel Bob, and Stephen and Josephine Retasket. Her Grandparents were Norman and Catherine Retasket; her parents are Josephine (Retasket) Perronteau and Douglas Perronteau. Victoria is the mother of a beautiful four year old daughter Cara Jo. In the January/February issue of Secwepemc News, there was an article about how Victoria recently graduated with her Master’s Degree from Western Washington University. This is a follow-up to let you know that Victoria recently accepted the position as Dean of Students at Northwest Indian College, on the Lummi Indian Reservation in Bellingham Washington. This goes to show that her hard work has certainly paid off, and Victoria will be an exemplary leader for those students attending the College. Among her other accomplishments, Victoria worked as the Student Activities Director at the College prior to her promotion. In addition she worked at several other capacities at the college including Program Assistant for Financial Aid, and a position at the Day Care. Victoria continues to work very hard at her beadwork and regalia making while being a single mother, her daughter will have an excellent role model in her education, and upbringing. I am very proud to say that Victoria is my daughter and I am pleased with her promotion. Thank you, Josephine Perronteau

WE WELCOME RIVER LAUREN PRAIRIE CHICKEN

River Lauren Prairie Chicken was born to happy parents Justin Prairie Chicken and Charli Fortier on April 14th, weighing 8lbs 9oz. River Lauren is the Granddaughter of Fred and Mary Fortier, Merilyn Porter and Justin Prairie Chicken Sr. Great Granddaughter of Len and Myrt Fortier, and Roger and Mary Porter.

A message from Leadership to all Secwepemc People "Some of you may have been asked some specific questions about your identity when you have accessed services from Interior Health. Questions include: 1. Are you Aboriginal, First Nations, Metis or Inuit? 2. Are you status or Non-Status? 3. Do you live on a reserve? 4. What is your status card number? 5. Would you like to be referred to the Aboriginal Patient Navigator? "This is the Aboriginal Self-Identification project. It is mandated by the provincial government and is part of a larger data collection process called Aboriginal Administrative Data Standard. The Secwepemc Health Caucus (Chiefs and Health Directors) will be seeking more information on this project and plan to keep you posted. YOU are under NO obligation to answer the questions. You will receive services even if you refuse to give the information.” For more information please contact your community Health Director and/or the Secwepemc Hub Coordinator at (250) 314-6732. Supporting Secwepemc Nation Health and Wellness Re Knúcwens te Secwepemc te Qelmucw e Cwelcwélt

Lena Camille honored four women in a blanket dance at the Skeetchestn Pow Wow


Secwepemc NEWS

PELL7É7LLQTEN/PELLTSPÁNTSK 2013

Splatsin Kukpi7 will receive an Honourary Doctorate

Kukpi7 Wayne Christian is being recognized for his contributions to the community. Wayne Christian, chief of the Splatsin First Nation, will receive an honourary doctorate from Thompson Rivers University in Kamloops on June 13, 2013. Christian has been elected chief of the Splatsin band several times and has advocated for aboriginal people in the areas of health, title and rights, and culture on provincial and national committees. According to TRU, Christian has spent considerable time advocating on behalf of youth, from creating sport and culture opportunities to being a co-investigator of the Cedar project, a federally-funded study addressing the HIV-related vulnerabilities of aboriginal young people using drugs. He has been instrumental in the creation of programs such as Survivors of Trauma, which assesses multigenerational impacts of residential schools. “Chief Christian’s belief that strength lies in pulling together is evident in his work in band relations in the Secwepemc Nation, through various committees and programs,” states a TRU release.

Congraulations to Lena Camille, daughter of Lola Camille, grand daughter of Jennifer Camille of the Skeetchestsn community. Lena had an “honor blanket dance” to honor four women who guided her in her pow wow year as Princess of that community. She honored Louise Alphonse because she made her fancy dance regalia and beadwork, along with Christine Simon as the elder of the community and her kindness and to her aunties for their support. The people at the pow wow were gifted with tokens of appeciation handed out by the family.

PULLING TOGETHER JOURNEY 2013 My name is Tina Donald, Coordinator for Awakening the Spirit 2013 Pulling Together Canoe Journey, Awakening the Spirit Canoe Journey will be brining together communities by traveling through Mara Lake Provincial Park, Mark Lake, past Sicamous, up through narrows on Shuswap Lake and continues down past Quaoout to Kamloops. These Shuswap communities have not been on the water canoeing as families and communities together for many years. It is a time of celebration! Our final pull will be in Kamloops to kick off the first day of the Kamloopa Pow Wow. I would like to invite all Secwepemc Communities to participate, in particular the youth. The journey is about creating relationships between public services agencies such as the RCMP, Department of Fisheries & Oceans, local communities and First Nations Communities. The registration forms are available on line on the Pulling Together Journey website; www.pullingtogether.ca The cost of registration is $150.00 person. You can register as a canoe family or as an individual, details outlines in registration, bring a canoe or join and paddle with canoe families who have open seats! This is the 13th Annual Pulling Together Canoe Journey and the first time that the journey has come to the Shuswap Territory. Acknowledge the work of planning this large canoe journey the five hose communities are: Splatsin, Little Shuswap, Adams Lake, Neskonlith and Tk’emlups; along with Pulling Together Canoe Society Board of Directors, friends of the board, and most importantly its’s 500 plus membership. If you have any questions about the journey please contact Tina Donald. Work: 250-672-9995 Fax: 250-672-5858 email: Tina.Donald@simpcw.com or tadonald@live.ca

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Congratulations to Willie Alphonse Jr Time: 72:47 at the Sun Run and daughter Janelle Alphonse Time: 49:12


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Secwepemc NEWS

MAY/JUNE 2013

Kukpi7 Sellars launches her book “They called me No.1” The Winnipeg Press

WHEN the First National Conference on Residential Schools convened in 1991 in Vancouver, the opening address was delivered by the Chief of Xat’Sull (Soda Creek) First Nation, Bev Sellars. She described how she and the other children at the residential school at Williams Lake, B.C. were treated “like dirt” by the white priests and nuns, ridiculed, and programmed “like robots” to believe that they belonged “to a weak, defective race.” For Sellars, this wasn’t an education; it was instead, “training for self-destruction.” A lawyer who at one time worked with the B.C. Treaty Commission, Sellars here recounts in this frank, angry and defiant memoir the full story of her own dehumanizing programming at the school in the 1960s, and how she narrowly avoided selfdestruction herself. While the tragic history of Canada’s arrogantly racist experiment in cultural genocide has been documented in such major works as J.R. Miller’s Shingwauk’s Vision (1996) and A National Crime by John Milloy (1999), Sellars’ book joins a smaller but growing body of residential school autobiographies such as Basil Johnston’s Indian School Days (1988) and Theodore Fontaine’s Broken Circle (2011). Where Johnston crafted a detailed account of his experiences replete with extensive verbatim conversations, and Fontaine’s non-sequential reflections carry the reader along on his personal journey towards healing, Sellars’ is a more straightforward and economical telling. With almost no dialogue and a simple prose style, They Called Me Number One reads like transcribed oral history. Aftermath The book’s 14 chapters essentially divide into three sections: a fondly recalled childhood being raised by her grandparents; the seven years she endured at the school; and her subsequent struggle to cope with the aftermath of her “education,” which included a violent relationship and attempted suicide. While only some 60 out of the book’s 256 pages are actually set at St. Joseph’s, the shadow the school casts over the lives of her family, especially her mother and grandmother, looms large in both the book and Sellars’ life. Once Sellars arrives at the school at age five following a lengthy illness, her story becomes less sequential and more built around specific kinds of memories: the brutal and arbitrary discipline, the mind-numbing routine, the appalling food, the inhuman disregard for her health and that of her classmates -- a number of whom die -- and the cruelly imposed and relentless cultural erasure (including referring to her as “Number One” instead of her given name). These experiences leave Sellars emotionally crippled for years. Mercifully, she appears to have been spared the violent and debasing sexual abuse suffered by so many other aboriginal children, although she can’t be certain: she is disturbed to realize that memories of an entire year of her life at the school are now lost to her. The second half of the book describes how she eventually overcomes her pain to achieve academic success, enter the legal profession and become chief of Soda Creek First Nation. Sellars’ frankness, born of anger, is unsparing. Where the priests and nuns in Fontaine’s Broken Circle are identified only by their initials, here the sex abusers at St. Joseph’s are accused and named openly, even when, in one case, she only suspects a priest had planned to assault her. Deeply personal, sorrowful and ultimately triumphal, They Called Me Number One is an important addition to the literature on

residential schools, and Canada’s reckoning with its colonial past. Michael Dudley is the indigenous and urban services librarian at the University of Winnipeg. Bev Sellars returned to her community (Xat’sull) after an extended period of “visiting other territories”. While she was away she attended the University of Victoria where she received a History Degree minoring in Political Science. She later received a Law Degree from the University of British Columbia. Bev was employed by the UBC Law School and articled at the Vancouver law firm of Miller Thomson LLP. She decided a law career was not for her and from September, 2003 until her return to the comunity she was employed by the BC Treaty Commission as a Treaty Process/Community Information Advisor. Being elected Chief is not a new role for Bev. She served as Chief of Xat’súll from 1987-1993. Bev also has an Accounting Certificate and Business Administration Diploma.

“Chief Sellars bravely adds her voice to the burgeoning chorus of stories about residential schools…. That she has been able to carefully articulate such a deeply personal and painful story is a testament to her courage and determination.”

– Chief Phil Fontaine, former National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations

TALONBOOKS WROTE: Join Bev Sellars for the launch of her memoir They Called Me Number One: Secrets and Survival at an Indian Residential School. Sellars will be reading from the book, which will be available for sale. Xat’sull Chief Bev Sellars spent her childhood in a church-run residential school whose aim it was to “civilize” Native children through Christian teachings, forced separation from family and culture, and discipline. In addition, beginning at the age of five, Sellars was isolated for two years at Coqualeetza Indian Turberculosis Hospital in Sardis, British Columbia, nearly six hours’ drive from home. The trauma of these experiences has reverberated throughout her life. The first full-length memoir to be published out of St. Joseph’s Mission at Williams Lake, BC, Sellars tells of three generations of women who attended the school, interweaving the personal histories of her grandmother and her mother with her own. She tells of hunger, forced labour, and physical beatings, often with a leather strap, and also of the demand for conformity in a culturally alien institution where children were confined and denigrated for failure to be White and Roman Catholic. Like Native children forced by law to attend schools across Canada and the United States, Sellars and other students of St. Joseph’s Mission were allowed home only for two months in the summer and for two weeks at Christmas. The rest of the year they lived, worked, and studied at the school. St. Joseph’s mission is the site of the controversial and wellpublicized sex-related offences of Bishop Hubert O’Connor, which took place during Sellars’s student days, between 1962 and 1967, when O’Connor was the school principal. After the school’s closure, those who had been forced to attend came from surrounding reserves and smashed windows, tore doors and cabinets from the wall, and broke anything that could be broken. Overnight their anger turned a site of shameful memory into a pile of rubble. In this frank and poignant memoir, Sellars breaks her silence about the institution’s lasting effects, and eloquently articulates her own path to healing. “Candidly and with brilliant clarity, Bev Sellars draws us deeply into her life while pointing a penetrating light into the darkest shadows of Canada’s racist and genocidal … residential schools. In her telling, survivors and the families of those who did not make it will feel their own stories.”

– Grand Chief Edward John, UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues


PELL7É7LLQTEN/PELLTSPÁNTSK 2013

History on the KIRS

The Kamloops Indian Residential School was established in 1893 and operated until 1977. The school began as the Kamloops Industrial School and its purpose was to Christianize and civilizes the Secwepemc. The school worked with federal government of Canada to colonize and assimilate the Secwepemc “We keep constantly before the mind of the pupils the object which the government has in view… which is to civilize the Indians and to make them good, useful and law-abiding members of society. A continuous supervision is exercised over them, and no infraction of the rules of morality and good manners is left without due correction” (Cronin, 1960: 215) Hundreds of Secwepemc children were removed from their parents and taken to the Kamloops Residential School. Attendance at the school was compulsory by law and parents were threatened with prison if they refused to allow their children to attend. At the school, the children were isolated from cultural influences and indoctrinated with the Catholic religion. The children were forbidden to speak Secwpemctsin and were severely punished when they did speak the language. Attendance at the residential school left devastating effects on Secwepemc children. They lived at the school from September to June and were alienated from family relationships, cultural and spiritual practices and teachings. Shame of the Secwepemc culture and language was deeply instilled in the children and when they became adults, they did not pass on the language and culture to their children. Many believed their children would have a better life if they spoke English and assimilated into the Euro Canadian way of life. The effects of the residential school attendance are felt in every Secwepemc community. They include: family dysfunction; loss of culture and spirituality; near extinction of the language; loss of traditional lands and indigenous knowledge and personal and social problems.

Secwepemc NEWS

11

CRAIG NIXON Lawyer

Working with First Nations Since 1982

880 - 175 2nd Avenue, Kamloops, BC V2C 5W1

Phone: 250- 374-1555 Iona Chelsea is from Esket First Nation Iona Chelsea never really intended on pursuing a career in mining. But when she arrived at Thompson Rivers University last fall to inquire about going back to school, she was directed to the office of the British Columbia Aboriginal Mining Training Association (BC AMTA). “It was quite by accident,” Chelsea says, “and I’m so grateful.” On February 27, Iona graduated from BC AMTA’s Mining Skills for an Entry Level Workforce. Through two months of training, Chelsea has received 17 industry certifications, ranging from forklift operations and ground disturbance, to Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) and First Aid. “This is all new to me,” she says, adding that after being an occasional housekeeper, janitor and receptionist for 20 years, she hardly imagined a career at all when her children were grown. Her husband had gone back to school, and her eldest daughter had joined the Canadian Forces. That, she says, got her to thinking about her own education. That’s what led her to the steps of the university and ultimately to BC AMTA. Now, with the BC AMTA training, she says she has hope. “I got all 17 tickets I could get through the program,” she says. “I showed up every day, and read all the books. I just couldn’t get enough of it.” Her husband was thrilled. “He’s so excited to see the change in me,” she says. Perhaps the biggest surprise, though, was the effect Chelsea’s studiousness appears to have had on their 17-year-old daughter, who was struggling to complete assignments and attend school. “Education just wasn’t important to her,” Chelsea says. Her daughter attended fewer than half her classes and regularly missed homework submissions. A dying family member talked to Chelsea’s daughter about changing that behaviour, but it wasn’t until she saw her mother studying that things really changed, Chelsea says. “I’ve been trying to show her education is important,” Chelsea says. “Her attendance is about 85 per cent now.” On the weekend, when Chelsea was up early to study for her final exam, her daughter was up doing homework as well. “We all notice the change in her,” Chelsea says. And while Chelsea doesn’t yet have a job, she has applied for further training for an environmental monitoring certificate. She’ll hear in March if she’s been accepted. “I wanted to become employable and to get a job so my husband and I could stop struggling, and dream of financial freedom.”

Fax: 250-374-9992 E-mail: cnlc@cnixonlaw.ca

Norman Retasket explains to the kids about the drum in the schools


12

Secwepemc NEWS

Artist of the Month - Sarah Jules

MAY/JUNE 2013

NorKam’s First Nations Cultural Awareness Day

My name is Sarah Jules. My parents are Manny and Linda Jules. I am from the Kamloops Indian Band. I grew up on the Kamloops Indian Band reserve. My parents gave me a camera for my 5th birthday. It was a kodak, the kind that made the square prints. I loved it and have been taking photographs ever since.

NorKam secondary school band students listen to Vernie Clement of the Lhoosk’uz Indian Band (West of Quesnel) and a member of the Sagehill Singers talk about the meanings behind traditional drumming songs Tuesday during NorKam’s First Nations

Cultural Awareness Day.

I have a degree in Art History, but my interest and love of art, comes from my parents. They are both artists, and I grew up immersed in art - looking at the world through an artistic filter. I take different types of photographs, but people seem to respond more to the photographs I take with my phone. My phone is with me wherever I go and I am always capturing little moments I see along the way. It allows intimacy and immediacy that is harder to get with a larger DSLR camera. As for advice, I would say to young people to try different things. In photography much is trial and error. In order to get one great shot, you have to try different angles, different lighting, and take more photographs than you think you should. You learn from your mistakes and eventually you can rely on experience instead of experimentation.

www.sarahjules.com email: info@sarahjules.com Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada http://instagram.com/sjules

Sheryl Linquist, Principal and Michelle Mattes along with FN Education Workers Margaret Anderson, Marie Sandy and MJ Paluck organized this day to educate all students about our culture and current issues. As you can see on the attached schedule we were chock full of presenters - all local. Teachers had to sign their class up for the presentations they were most interested in for their classes. The day began with an opening prayer offered by Evelyn Camille and the introduction by Ron Colllins, vice-principal. Vernie Clement did a welcoming song. The day was filled with Cultural activities: Ken Thomas - Storytelling, Gabriel Archie introduced the ins and outs of the new language app recently launched. Daryll Laboucane offered his hand drumming with Vernie Clement. Janice Billy, Rebecca Jules and a few others shared traditional games. A beading demonstration was done by Dory Laboucane, drummaking was done by Peter Michel, Kathy Manuel did Ethnobotany. All workshops were done in different locations by different facilitators. Rene Narcisse did the hairdessing traditions. In the cafeteria at lunch there was Elk Stew and Bannock made by Flora King and her 3 helpers, Ashley MacKenzie, Amber King and Marie Anderson- Noel. After lunch Dan Saul shared residential school information, Art Manuel did Law. Edith Fortier also did a workshop on SS Law in a different classroom. Gary Gottfriedson shared his poetry readings, and Ted Gottfriedson/ Kathy Manuel did the Language component. It was a great CrossCultural Experience.


PELL7É7LLQTEN/PELLTSPÁNTSK 2013

Secwepemc NEWS

13

Two Young Secwepemc Women “On The Run”- Celebrations Congratulations to TEAM ADAMS for their participation in the Vancouver Sun Run 2013

submitted by Nadine Adam

Ciyathia Adams and Jacinta Sampson at the closing Ceremonies in Uaxatan Guatemala at the end of November 2012. Ciyathia started running from Lummi WA on July 1st. Ciyathia joined the pdj runners in High Bar first nations for two days and decided to give two weeks notice at her job and run with the PDJ runners for the rest of the way. Jacinta started running that same week in upper part of Washington. The girls ran for 5 months. The peace and dignity runners started in May 2012 in chickaloon Alaska and the run ended in November of 2012. the PDJ runners run for different themes every four years. the 2012 run was for water. (Jacinta Sampson shares her experience on page 14).

Submitted by Nadine Adam

Nadine Adam and her daughter Ciyathia (Veronica) Adams (Canoe Creek), Jacinta Sampson (Esket) was so happy to join them in Uaxatan to help them celebrate their accomplishment.

We are here to walk and bring awareness of the issue! Submitted by Craig DuckChief Members of the Adams Lake Band took part in

THE WALK: MOOSE HIDE CAMPIGN AWARENESS Stop the Violence - Talk about the Issue Aboriginal Men Take an Active Role: Speak out publicly against violence towards Aboriginal Women and Children, and to commit ourselves to action. • Aboriginal Communities have been dealing with Violence in different forms for generations as a result from Racism, Isolation, and Residential Schools. •

Victimization of Aboriginal women close to triple that of non-Aboriginal women (STATS CANADA, 2009)

Violent victimization of Aboriginal females most often committed by males.

Previous research shows that in general, most violent crimes are perpetrated by males (Perreault and Brennan 2010). This is also true when looking specifically at violent incidents involving Aboriginal women as victims. In about 8 in 10 (79%) such incidents, Aboriginal women reported being victimized by a male perpetrator, the majority (85%) of whom acted on their own. (STATS CANADA, 2009)

What are the impacts (Aboriginal Women & Family Violence: Indian Northern Affairs 2006) Diminished self-esteem and sense of security; • Damage to physical and emotional health; • Negative impact on children (fear, insecurity, perpetuation of the cycle of violence); • Negative impact on financial security; • Loss of matrimonial home and sometimes relocation outside of the community; and, • Self-blame.

NAME-PLACE-TIME Allan Hillary Adams Adam of Canoe Creek #26847 Time: 1:18 17sec, Anthony Michel of Soda Creek #32427 Time: 1:36 13sec Jane Michel of Canoe Creek # 4999 Time:1:47 51 sec Nadine Adam of Simpcw #37063 Time: 2:00 17 sec and Grandson Anderson Laurie George of Canoe Creek #37430 Time: 2:03 51 sec Ciyathia Gloria Adams of Canoe Creek #37561 Time: 2:05 03 sec Shante Adams of Canoe Creek #37563 Time: 2:05 05 sec Taylor Leigh of Canoe Creek #37593 Time: 2:05 19 sec Stephanie Leon of Chehalius #37594 Time: 2:05 19 sec Jahpa Belleau, Esket, walked the sun run with us. I am so proud of Taylor Leigh she walked the full 10 kms. Taylor is 13 yrs old. I am so proud of Shante, she ran the first two kms; ran walked 4 more kms and walked the remaining 4 kms

Next Deadline for Secwepemc News “Graduation Edition” will be June 14th, 2013. Send in your Grad Ads, Bday/Anniversary wishes, community stories to: communic@ secwepemc.org

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Secwepemc NEWS

Peace and Dignity Journeys are spiritual runs that embody the prophecy of the Eagle and Condor. This prophecy mandates that at this time all Indigenous Peoples in the Western Hemisphere shall be reunited in a spiritual way in order to heal our nations so we can begin to work towards a better future for our children and generations to come. Through the Journeys, participant runners and supporters work to accomplish this goal by helping each other reconnect to their respective spiritual practices and traditions; by helping each other relearn our role in the world as Indigenous Peoples; and by reminding each other of our responsibilities to Mother Earth, Father Sky, our communities, and ourselves. Peace and Dignity Journeys occur every four years and start with Indigenous runners on opposite ends of the continents (Chickaloon, Alaska and Tierra del Fuego, Argentina). They run for six months through hundreds of Indigenous communities where they participate in their respective spiritual practices and traditions; spark dialogue on the issue of peace and dignity for Indigenous Peoples; model their responsibility to Mother Earth, Father Sky, communities, and themselves; and receive the community’s prayers. These prayers and conversations are then carried to proceeding communities until the runners reach the center of the hemisphere. When the runners meet at the Kuna Nation in Panama City, Panama, it will symbolize all Indigenous Peoples joining together in a spiritual way to manifest the prophecy of the Eagle and Condor.

My name is Jacinta Sampson and I am from Alkali Lake. I am 26 years old and my parents are Thomas and Serina Sampson. In June 2012, while working at the Alkali Lake Community Radio station, I met runners from the Peace and Dignity Journeys. The Peace and Dignity Journeys is a prayer run that first started in 1992, to continue the traditions of our ancestors, running to communicate and trade. The run happens every four years and indigenous communities from across North, Central, and South America take part in receiving the runners in their own way with songs, dances, and stories. The Peace and Dignity runners started on May 1st simultaneously from the North, Chickaloon, Alaska, and from the South, Tierra Del Fuego, Argentina and ran each mile community to community until

they met in Central America in Uaxactun, Guatemala. Each time the run happens, it is dedicated to a single prayer. In 1992, the run was dedicated to the elders, in 1996 for the children, in 2000 for women, in 2004 for families, in 2008 for sacred sites, and in 2012, for the water.

My journey started first running one day from Alkali Lake to Canoe Creek with the runners. We all ran through the canyon, sharing stories and laughter. The staffs (walking stick they carry)that we ran with had so much energy! There were many staffs entrusted to the Peace and Dignity Journeys, by the different communities that the run had passed through. Each with its own unique story and prayer that the runners carried to Guatemala, as a part of the whole prayer. A staff was also added to the journey by Chief Fred Robbins to pray for the youth. I was drawn to the staffs and the prayer. When the runners reached Canoe Creek and the ceremony was finished for the day, I talked with the runners about their experiences, on the run. I was fascinated, each of the runners was from different parts of the United States and Mexico. The runners talked about the amazing experience and the knowledge and growth from being on the run. Also, the run was drug and alcohol free. I was convinced. A part of me wanted to just leave with them right then and there. However, I had two weeks left on my work contract and wanted to fulfill that commitment. During the two weeks, I sat in my office each day preparing myself mentally for the huge step ahead of me to leave home without any family, for five months. I kept in contact with the coordinator, by phone and email, and he gave me a list of things I would need. Each runner was only allowed two bags for the duration of the run, to make sure there was room for everyone in the vans. I also asked if I should bring my women’s traditional regalia and was encouraged, to show my dance to our relatives from the South. When my work contract ended, I caught up with the runners in La Push, Washington on July 7th. It was there I also met Ciyathia Adam, another Secwepemc runner, from Canoe Creek. From there I started running.

MAY/JUNE 2013 It is difficult to put into words all the beautiful people, places, cultures, dances, and languages experienced. Each community we ran to welcomed and treated us like family. Every place we stayed at was home. We were invited to take part in different dances, ceremonies, and exchanged songs from different nations. I will always remember the overwhelming response from people seeing my dance in Mexico, and especially from children who asked many questions. During some downtime, in different parts of Mexico, I would be teaching Ciyathia how to dance women’s jingle and then had community members join in the lesson. They didn’t speak English and I didn’t speak much Spanish, but words are not needed for dance. I will always remember their smiles and enthusiasm. We ran over mountains and through deserts. Through different weather conditions, including a hurricane, but nothing could stop the prayer. Some days we had little food but had to keep going. There were places in Mexico and Guatemala, that made me really appreciate all that we have here. There is so much that people take for granted, especially water. On the run, there was no need to be the fastest, it was not a race and each person ran at their own pace. Community members also took part in the run. The Peace and Dignity Journeys is about, indigenous people running the prayer through their own territory. Each community the run passed through, community members were strongly encouraged to take part in the run. In some communities, children would join and that was very beautiful to see! I was amazed at how many people knew where I was from, because of the movied “The Honor of All”. Alkali Lake, is known through the United States and I am proud to represent the Esketemc. Also, there are so many people, in North America, and South America that know Arthur Dick’s “Peace Song”. I was honored to sing it in all the different places, that I did. There were good days and bad days on the journey, physically and mentally. I was fortunate to be surrounded by the most loving, caring, supportive, and strong individuals. The Peace and Dignity Journeys humbled me and I’ve grown from

it. The songs and teachings will stay with me forever and I will pass them on the best I can. The Peace and Dignity Journeys, arrived in Uaxactun, Guatemala on November 28, 2012. We were welcomed by the Mayan elders, several runners and community members that we met along the way. It was an emotional closing. Runners had been together for seven months, from starting points, Chickaloon, Alaska or Tierra Del Fuego, Argentina. Now each runner, brought the prayer back to their respective families and communities, and will forever have the connection with each other because of the journey. My dream is to have more spiritual runs here on Secwepemc territory, to have both youth and elders involved. Running is a form of prayer and takes focus from you. It also makes you feel good physically, mentally, and spiritually. It is the way our ancestors communicated and trade. It’s about time we bring that back.


Secwepemc NEWS

PELL7É7LLQTEN/PELLTSPÁNTSK 2013

15

RIVERLAND INNS & SUITES

Peter Kenneth Dixon

1530 RIVER STREET, KAMLOOPS, BC V2C 1Y9 OFFICE: (250) 374-1530 FAX: (250) 374-1534

Happy Birthday to Barb Evans on June 11th from your friends and family who love you. Wishing my little angel Nevaeh a very Happy 1st Birthday on June 29th love your Gramma Barb Love you always and forever. Happy Birthday wish to Brandon ‘JOBOO’ Sam on May 26th I love you the best! xo MOMNUTS

Born: November 24th, 1933 Passed in: Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada Passed on: May 4th, 2013 With great sadness we announce the passing of our beloved Peter. Peter leaves behind his wife Charlotte, son Michel (Bridget) and grandson Damien, daughter Angela (Serge), the Pete family. Peter also leaves behind his beloved Dixon and Vilac families, and extended families Jules and Casimirs and Christophers. Services were held in Kamloops at Schoenings on Friday, May 10, 2013 at 11:00 a.m. Peter was then taken home to Lac La Hache for his final resting place on Saturday, May 11, 2013 at 1:00 p.m. Peter started working when he was young. He worked on the family ranch helping his mom and dad. He told many stories about waiting for Eddie and Morris Dixon to come home from the WWII. As a young man, he played hockey, baseball, rodeo’d riding saddle bronc, with Freddie Christopher and Cannon Ball Boyce and played in a band. When he grew up he was a bucker on Vancouver Island, sawmills, ranching, when he moved to Kamloops, he worked hard roofing..later he was in the construction field, pouring cement, tying rebar, spark watching, lots of labor intense jobs. Peter was never afraid of hard work. After he retired he used to go see the “bosser woman” (Deloros) and Clarence Jules for work from time to time. Charlotte and the Pete family, Casimir and Jules family would like to thank you all for being there in the time of mourning.

Happy Birthday to Dave Belleau, William Johnson and Renny Belleau for their birthday on June 29, 2013 From Marilyn Belleau. Happy Birthday to Marlene Billy for May 19th, Wishing Twyla Velvet Lindley the best on May 18, 2013 on her Wedding Day from Camille family Jennifer, Oscar family, Shanes ‘s Family and Lola, all the best . I want to wish my grand daughter Tamika August, Happy Birthday! “May your day be filled with great moments to remember”. Love Grandma Donna and Aunties

Please Note * NEXT EDITION OF THE SECWEPEMC NEWS IS THE GRADUATION EDITION, SO SEND IN YOUR GRAD ADS

Happy graduation to our son “Justin Porter’. Very proud of you. All the best to you at tru in the fall. Love Mom, Dad, Melissa,Trish, Kourtney and the Porter clan.

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Email: riverlandinn@shawbiz.ca www.riverlandinn.kamloops.com CALL TOLL FREE: 1-800-663-1530

SECWEPEMC BUSINESS DIRECTORY This listing is FREE to all Secwepemc.

All R Creations Hand Carved Jewellery Roxane McCallum (604)826-0095 Avon Representative Waterfall, Farrah farrah_820@hotmail.com (250) 320-8438 Baskets - Birch Bark Salmon Arm Delores Purdaby (250) 832-6538 Birch Baskets Harold Thomas (250) 833-4016 Big Sky Station Store & Gas Savona Joan McTaggart (250) 373-0043 Black Bear Developments Kamloops Rick & Sunny LeBourdais (250) 579-5720 Bow & Arrow Golf Enterprises (250) 318-0742 Frank Antoine frankant27@hotmail.com Resource Planner & Owner Orbis Ent Ltd. Fax:(250) 305-2445 Ph:(250) 305-7415 E: Wenona@orbis-consulting.ca http://www.orbis-consulting.ca Casper Creations Kamloops Dora Casper (250) 376-1736 Chief Technologies Chase Craig Duck Chief (250) 320-5219 www.chiefcultraltech.com Don Cook Contracting Excavating & Fencing (250) 838-6299 / 503-8006 (c) Deana’s Dream Cree-ations Kamloops Deana Nicholson, Consultant (250) 377-1087 deanasdream@gmail.com Eagle Spirit Band (250) 440-5692 Les Johnson Falling & Contracting Canim Lake Gregg Archie (250) 397-4137 Fever Sounds - DJ Service Barriere Cal Eustache (250) 672-9580 c (250) 819-3375 Full Circle Designs Kamloops Travis Marr (250) 828-0770 Hall/Conference Centre 4 Rent Chase Adams Lake Rec. Centre (250) 679-3515 Herbalife Distributor Kamloops Vanessa Holte (250) 574-6975 Indigenous Eco-cultural Education & Consulting Services Chase Dawn Morrison (250) 679-1116 Inspirational Catering, Aboriginal & Canadian Cuisine - Lonny Paul (250) 267-3314 reebs@live.ca (250) 375-2092 Language (Secwepemc) Consultant Mona Jules (250) 672-5293 (250) 320-0379 Lawyer Kamloops Linda D. Thomas Law Corp. (250) 319-8045 Little Bear Gift Shop & Gallery Chase Margaret Anderson (250) 572-4939 magand65@hotmail.com Margaret’s Cleaning Service Margaret Billy (250) 682-3517 Mary Kay Independent Sales Deborah Hall (250) 938-2124

Nature’s Best Buffalo meat/products Williams Lake Tom & Karen Alphonse (250) 296-0013 Neskonlith Advisory Services Chase Neskonlith Indian Band (250) 679-3295 Pathways Design in Landscaping Linda Stump (250) 819-4969 Personalized Stained Glass Chase Doreen Kenoras (250) 679-3783 Pet Transport Kamloops Edwin Marten (250) 319-5097 Photography/Videography Kamloops Michelle Jones (250) 434-9703 Pine Needle Baskets Chase Agnes John 250) 679-2741 Puss N’ Boots Daycare Kamloops Lucy Jules (250) 828-9429 Randy Sam Art Studio Chase Goldsmith - Randy Sam (250) 819-8953 Red Willow Designs Chase/Vancouver Tanya Willard (250) 299-5835 www.redwillowdesigns.ca Regal Gifts & Avon Kamloops, BC Sabrina Thomas (c) (250) 682-7982 (h)778-471-2103 Regalia & First Nation Crafts Kamloops Doris Bamford (250) 314-9820 Ribbon Shirts & Regalia Kamloops Trish Terry (250) 376-9001 Riverfresh Wild BC Salmon info@riverfreshkamloops.com www.riverfreshkamloops.com Rock’s in the Wind Creations Chase Rock & Dianne Deneault @ www.rockinwind.net Running Wolf Video Productions BC Doreen Manuel (604) 837-3663 www.runningwolf.ca Rustic Wear Kamloops Cody Stewart (250) 377-5237 Shiny Nicol Cleaning Services Chase Doreen Nicol (250)577-3532 / (778) 220-4967(c) Skwlax Gas & Convenience Chase John Anderson (250) 679-7623 Spectrum Computer Services Chase Raymond Anthony (250) 682-3517 Star Blankets Chase Sharon Sellars (250) 679-8812 / 682-2261(c) Talking Rock Resort & Quaaout Conf. Centre Stephan Wittmer, GM 1(800) 663-4303 Sugar Cane TreadPro (250) 296-4453 Manager, Willie Sure Testop Publishing Chase Tess Tomma (250) 835-8446 Tribal (band) Shuswap Peter August (250) 679-8597 Tupperware Consultant Merritt Deanne Eustache (250) 315-3757 Xatsull Heritage (250) 297-6502 xatsullheritagevillage.com Xwexwne Creation (Beadwork) (250) 574-8002 Louise Alphonse


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Secwepemc NEWS

MAY/JUNE 2013

Simpcw Community Hall Chu Chua, B.C. June 21ST 22ND & 23RD 2013 Host Drum White Horse MC Buck Sheena Whipman Jules Arnouse

CRAFT TABLES BOOK FOR $75.00 A WEEKEND/ $30.00 PER DAY BREAKFAST AND DINNER PROVIDED SATURDAY & SUNDAY

FOR MORE INFORMATION CONTACT: SAM SAUL 250.571.2509 SHELLY LORING 250.682.8901 COMMITTEE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR INJURIES OR LOST OR STOLEN ITEMS

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