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The voice 1 of the Secwepemc NEWS




A monthly publication serving the people and communities of the Shuswap Nation




Women in Trades Training Program offered at TRU





L to R: BACK ROW: Lindsay Langill, Dean of Trades; Cassie Haavisto; Heather Hamilton, Continuing Studies Coordinator; Becky Rauskauskas; Nikki McCormack; Heather Laurent; Ashley Casmier; Charmaine Stillas; Shaylene Osborne; Dora Laurent; Deborah Wilson-Green, Coordinator, W.I.T.T.; and Angelina Camille, 4th Year Electrical Apprentice. MIDDLE ROW: Alicia John; Nicole Williams; Orlanda Clement. FRONT ROW: Cassidy Marchand; Samantha James; Lori Christopher; Chyrel Hewitt; and Paige Omelchuk.

The Women in Trades Training is an initiative co-funded by the Federal and What is Women in Trades Training (WITT)? Provincial Governments and sponsored by Thompson Rivers University’s School of the B.C. Industry Training Authority (ITA).   Trades & Technology, the Industry Trades It assists women: Authority and the BC Aboriginal Mine Training Authority have worked together to * To become ready for trades employment offer the Women In Trades Training Program * To register as an apprentice, or * To gain a credential in an ITA Industry hosted at TRU’s Trades Building. Training Program We have 16 women registered in W.I.T.T The Industry Training Authority (ITA) all of whom are capable, dedicated, and is supporting women in B.C. to find determined visionaries who are working rewarding careers in the trades through towards a trade they are interested in a number of different programs and pursuing which will allow them to make initiatives that help women find their choices of where they want to work in perfect fit. British Columbia or across Canada for WITT (Women in Trades Training) is an that matter. We – the instructors - refer to initiative geared towards women who are these amazing women - as the ‘turnaround unemployed or under-employed and who generation’ for their community, the are not currently receiving Employment generation that recognize their personal Insurance (EI). strengths and capabilities and focus on these Women of all ages, backgrounds and positive attributes rather than focus on the skill levels are welcome to apply to the negative aspects that may have impacted ITA Women in Trades Training initiative.  their learning path to date. By working No previous experience in the trades is on and expanding their present skill set, required, however, women who have trades this will lead each of them to meaningful experience may be able to skip introductory employment once they have successfully or exploration programs and be streamlined completed their Red Seal approved Trades into pre-apprenticeship programs.  They Training. can also opt to take a challenge exam Written by Debora Wilson

which, if they are successful, will give them industry recognition for their existing skills, and if they have advanced skills and experience, they may be able to find a level-one apprenticeship without taking the exam. What is the “Women Exploring Trades” Program? Thompson Rivers University School of Trades & Technology, is offering the “Women Exploring Trades” program which will allow women to participate in 6 different Red-Seal trade areas over the duration of the program:    * Electrician * Instrumentation Mechanic * Heavy Equipment Operator * Power Line Technician * Partsperson * Piping * plus Essential and Life Skills. In each of these areas, the candidates will be taught the essential skills for each trade along with related safe work practices while participating in practical and theoretical labs.  All classes will be taught by TRU staff that hold Red-Seal Certification in the trade and have many years of Industry experience.  There will be a limit of 16 students per class. The future goal would be to allow successful candidates the opportunity to further enroll into a Trades Foundation or Apprenticeship program and/or become employed as a registered apprentice in British Columbia. For further information please contact Deborah Wilson-Green, Coordinator, Women In Trades Training 250-852-7171or Heather Hamilton, Continuing Studies, TRU Trades Training 250-371-5658 or visit our website: and go the the trades page link.




Inside Story: A Secwepemc Woman is close to achieveing her goal to becoming an Electrician


Secwepemc NEWS


NEWS The voice of the Shuswap Nation Editor Louise Alphonse

Circulation 4,000 Secwepemc News is published monthly

OUR MISSION is to provide a forum Language Page for members of the 17 Shuswap Bands Kathy Manuel to discuss and learn more about the issues, news and events taking place Contributors in the Shuswap Nation; to promote Carl Archie awareness of Secwepemc language, Levi Deneault culture and history; to recognize Louise Pender the individual accomplishments of NITEP community members; and to provide Rene Spence a vehicle for the outside community Josephine Retasket to learn more about the history, Pat Matthew current affairs and future goals of the Deborah Green Secwepemc people. Stsmemelt Project Kathy Manuel You can reach our Editorial Office by phone: (778) 471-5789 by fax: (778) 471-5792 by e-mail:; or by mail: c/o Secwepemc Cultural Education Society 274A Halston Connector Road, Kamloops, BC V2H 1J9

Secwepemctsín Wel me7 yews “Preserving Our

We appreciate and rely on the Shuswap communities for their stories and activity reports. Kukwstep-kucw


For more information contact Shelly Loring, Career Fair Organizer @ (250) 682-8901 or email Shelly.Loring@simpcw. com

Simpcw First Nation 2012 Career Fair In Conjunction with “Hear ts at Work”

Calendar of Community EVENTS

All are welcome to list any upcoming meetings and events in this space. Please give us a call at (778) 471-5789 or fax us at (778) 471-5792 or E-mail us at Deadline: Last WEDNESDAY OF EACH MONTH Aboriginal Artisans Catalogue CFDC of Central Interior First Nations is creating a catalogue for First Nations Artisans living within BC. This is a great opportunity for First Nations Artisans to create and maintain a portfolio of their art and to create an artisans biography of themselves. It would also be appreciated if you could print the Artisans Portfolio Form and keep these forms on hand for your members and/or clients to complete and email them to Erin Casper at: erin@cfdcofcifn. com or fax them to her at: (250) 828-9972 Please feel free to distribute this information to your contacts. Erin at (250) 314-1527 or Marie Baptiste, Provincial Coordinator Aboriginal Business Services Network Society #215 – 345 Yellowhead Hwy. Kamloops, BC V2H 1H1 Telephone: (250) 828-9834 Fax: (250) 828-9972 Website: A special “Thank You” and Happy Birthday Wish goes out to “Edith Fortier” for March 18th, Edith is our proofer for the Secwepemc News. She has been doing it for years. We at the Secwepemc News would like to extend our gratitude for the time you take to edit our paper. “Kukstemc”. Secwepemc Health Caucus LOGO CONTEST The Secwepemc Health Caucus is comprised of the 17 Kukpi7 and 11 Health Directors from the Secwepemc Nation. Their ultimate goal is to work towards “health excellence” for all Secwepemc Nation. For complete contest details please contact Sanik Edwards – Hub Assistant at 250.314.6732 or email All entries must be submitted via the submission form by 4:00 pm, April 15th, 2012 Must be a registered member of a Secwepemc First Nations Meet and Greet NITEP Year 1 to 5 students. on Thursday, March 15th from 9:30 am to 12:30 pm at the Brown House of Leanring Room 304. For information or RSVP by March 7, 2012. In attendance will be; Dr. Frank Blye, Dean of the Faculty of Education Dr. Jo Ann Archibald, NITEP Director Jessica Jarrette, Assistant Director, NITEP Snacks and refreshments will be served. 2012 Honouring our Elders Luncheon Firday, March 16, 2012 from 11:30 am to 3:00 pm at the Campus Activity Centre “Grand Hall (same location as last year). Please RSVP by March 9th to Tanis Schoen 250371-5679 or email her

9:00AM TO 2:30PM


A Huge “THANK YOU” to the Simpcw First Nations for their donations to the Secwepemc News. The Board and Staff at the Secwepemc Cultural Education Society want to Thank the Simpcw First Nation for their contribution and participation with SCES. Simpcw will be hosting the “Shuswap Gathering” this year. More information will be available soon.

CASTING Drama Camp Productions in association with APTN is casting talent for Broad Comedy, a 13 part television series that puts the spotlight on funny women. We are seeking funny female comics with 7-13 minutes of original material suitable for television. All ethnicities are welcome to apply. We encourage submissions from women who identify as First Nations/Métis/Inuit. All genres of comedy will be considered: Stand-up, character, solo sketch, clown, puppetry, comic musical numbers. Thirteen half-hour episodes will tape in front of a live studio audience in Victoria, BC February 13-17, 2013; and will air on APTN during the 2013/2014 season. Talent will be contracted under UBCP. The producer is seeking the qualification of Broad Comedy as a BC Indie Program project Submissions should include the following materials and information: 1) DVD (or link) to a live comedy performance (minimum 5 minutes unedited, 20 minutes max.) 2) Links to performer websites 3) Contact information: self-represented, agent or manager 4) Union status: UBCP/ACTRA or Non-Union 5) Residency: Are you originally from BC/ where do you currently live 6) Citizenship: must be Canadian 7) Status: self-identify as First Nations/Métis/ Inuit or Non-Aboriginal NOTE to Talent who submitted in 2010: we still have your packages, please update us with your availability and current contact info. You may also submit links to more recent performances if you wish. TALENT SUBMISSION Please mail packages to: Broad Comedy Talent c/o Kirsten Van Ritzen, Executive Producer #9 ˆ 920 Johnson Street, Victoria, BC T.(250) 590-4386 Submissions may also be emailed to: info@




Secwepemc NEWS



“spring wind month”

Yi7éne te mégcen wes re tsímtes re swuct ne ctsetém̓. M-tsétsk̓we7mes te sgwígwle ne setétkwe. M-yews re snesnés te pésellkwe es yéwems tek písell. This is the month the snow melted in the valley. They fished with a pit lamp for steelhead in the river. Then they would go to the lake and dip net for rainbow trout.

Check out over 2000 individual words & 1200 phrases with audio Coming Soon Secwepemctsín Iphone/Ipad app

Find these and much more!

Short sayings (List created by Martin Camille & recorded by Mona Jules) Ta7 k sgeypmíntsen I am not angry with you. Tá7us k sllépenc… Don’t you forget it! Wenécwem Really!/Right! Ta7 penhén! Never!/Afraid not! Te7 stsut Nice try Tá7a t̕ri7 Not at all Kénem mé7e? Why?/How come? Héqen Maybe Ta7 cum Not necessarily/Not at all Ah … tá7a Not at all Yerí7 sle7s! That’s great! Te7 cwell! Yikes!/My goodness! Q̕ixt ye7éne This is difficult Ta7 k “stam̓ ri7” Nobody told you that it was going to be easy Tselxemstéten ken scick̓t I know I was wrong Tsk̓lem-ce tsem! Hang on!/Just wait a moment! T̕ri7 stám̓etns Who cares/ Never mind/The heck with it

Ta7 k stceyí7s Not enough Té7e yem! My, oh my! Me7 kéksten? What shall I do with it? Le7 re npúp̓smen I am glad Ah, llepéntem! Let’s forget it! (giving up on an idea) Cú7tsem nek̓ú7es Once more Put tsxíxllsten I do it this way Ta7 ke7 sle7 ne k stem! You’re useless/ You’re not good for anything Sten neréy! It’s right there! Te stsut.s t̕rey re w7ec He thinks he’s quite a guy Ah te stsut.s! Oh, that’s just his imagination! Yerí7 t̕ucw Almost/ Soon Tá7us ke7 stsut t̕ri7! Don’t say that! Yerí7 e sxexé7! You are so smart! Me7 le7! That would be good! Ená! Oh no! Cwi7! Come on! E tsútucw! If you say so! Ah t̕ri7 w7écwes… Never mind… Le7-ske! That would be nice! Kénem-enke? I wonder what happened to it? Yecweststsút-ce! Be careful!

SCES Spring & Summer Courses 2012 2 LEVELS OF SECWEPEMC IMMERSION - 151 & 350 EDUC 270 LANGUAGE ACQUISITION: Theory and Practice EDUC 285 TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS AND LANGUAGE I EDUC 250 - A P P L I C A T I O N OF ASSESSMENT & EVALUATION: specific to proficiency of First Nations Languages 3 Credit courses through NVIT transferrable to BC post secondary institutes to be delivered in the Kamloops and Chase area

Sqepts Secwepemc Songs and Dances April 15 & May 6 at Tk̓emlúps, CLC April 29 at Neskonlith Hall 9 am - 3 pm

Learn Song and Dance Free and Open to All

(children classes coming soon, watch for flyers)

bring a potluck lunch

For more info contact: SCES Language Department at (778)-471-5789 or email: We gratefully acknowledge the funding for these days from First Peoples ̓ Heritage, Language & Culture Council

Me7 k̓úlem-kt tek melámen me7 Secwepemctsném-et Advanced Language Course with Mona Jules and Rhona Bowe SATURDAYS IN MARCH only a few seats still available

FMI call the SCES Language Deparment at (778)-471-5789 or email:


Secwepemc NEWS

Lawyer Gets Disbarred for Overcharging Residential School Victims

WINNIPEG — His law career over after being disbarred for overcharging residential school victims, Howard Tennenhouse was anything but contrite as he lashed out at the fate he had been dealt Tuesday. In a call to the Winnipeg Free Press after the Law Society of Manitoba had dealt out its punishment, the former lawyer who pleaded guilty to professional misconduct tried to argue he was the victim, not his clients. He criticized the law society, the federal residential school compensation agency, the media — and even suggested his own clients are somehow responsible for his troubles. “What I’m upset about is I had to (be) disbarred and slammed in the media as someone who was stealing from the Indians when that’s not what I did,” Tennenhouse said in a telephone interview. Tennenhouse also argued his clients knew what he was doing. “These individuals are not as vulnerable or as foolish as the law society seems to think, because they are unsophisticated,” Tennenhouse said. “I still have an excellent reputation on the reserves where I work.” In residential school cases, lawyers for victims are paid a standard 15 per cent by Ottawa, separate from the settlements. Tennenhouse ran into trouble when he topped that 15 per cent off with another 15 per cent, directly from client’s settlements — in the absence and in some cases in defiance of orders not to. The Indian Residential Schools Adjudication Secretariat, which sets the fees, tried to discipline him and last year reported him to the law society. Sandy Bay Chief Irvin McIvor said Tennenhouse intimidated a lot of his former clients, many of whom live on the Ojibway First Nation 165 kilometres northwest of Winnipeg.

McIvor said he was so frustrated with the lawyer he ordered him off the First Nation, only to discover later that Tennenhouse had hired representatives to return to the reserve when he couldn’t. However, as part of his guilty plea Tennenhouse has pledged to pay back every penny. The law society will start to send cheques out next week that will average about $20,000. “From day one, the message was this kind of victimization will not be tolerated. And nobody who has lost money here will be out of pocket. That money will begin to flow immediately to them,” law society executive director Allen Fineblit said. Tennenhouse has repaid about half of the $951,109.30 he agreed he owed. The law society is effectively getting the rest by garnisheeing fees from cases he was forced to give up, with the loss of his licence. Plus, Tennenhouse was also ordered to pay $57,512 to cover the legal costs the society spent to disbar him. The case wrapped up after a brief hearing before a three-person disciplinary panel. The guilty plea was entered, the panel adjourned briefly and returned to disbar the lawyer Tuesday morning. Tennenhouse did not attend the hearing that ended his career that began in 1980. Tennenhouse’s name was protected under a cloak of confidentiality until the law society’s disciplinary hearing on his misconduct charges. Read more: http://www.globalwinnipeg. com/Winnipeg+lawyer+disbarred+ov er+residential+school+fees+lashes+ba ck/6186457/story.html#ixzz1n9FWNq5w


Bullying is a major problem in our schools A group of kids from Noopa’s Keystone Club talked to Mayor and Council last night about bullying in local schools, presenting them all with pink ‘Bullying Stops Here’ T-shirts and requesting that February 29 be recognized as anti-bullying day in Williams Lake. “Bullying is a major problem in our schools: we want you to wear pink on February 29 to show that bullying won’t be tolerated,” stated one of the delegates. Four types of bullying were identified: physical, emotional, verbal and ‘cyber’. One School District #27 Grade 7 student who has changed schools because of bullying, said that she believes that 99% of kids have been bullied at one time. “You may get bullied only one day, but that one time can hurt you a lot and affect you for a long time,” she said. “Verbal bullying is the most common: when people see someone shoving you they notice it, but when it’s verbal you might be the one who hears it, and there is no proof. “You get a bruise, and it shows, but verbal bullying hurts on the inside.” She said that bullying ruins your self esteem and makes you sad because you believe the bully. “They’re stronger than you, more popular—you think they have power over you,” she explained. “The difference between bullies and victims is that victims are quiet people who don’t stand out. They may be unpopular because of their appearance, or maybe they’re autistic, or just have problems in their lives. “Bullies are often popular kids, and people are ‘on their side.’ Bystanders want to be accepted by that popular person, and sometimes it appears that teachers do, too.” She explained that when the bullying is

verbal, bystanders may be more likely to get involved than if it’s physical. “When it’s physical and if they step in, they may get hurt, too,” she noted. “One school I went to had more bullying because the teachers and the principal didn’t seem to punish the bullies: they kept telling that person they’d get suspended, but after being reported five times, they still didn’t,” she continued. “At the school where I am now, it’s a night and day difference—the principal has absolutely no tolerance for bullying and stops it in its tracks.” She said that her school has a ‘WITS’ program for bullying: ‘walk away, ignore, tell them to stop and seek help.’ “Telling someone about it is really important. You can tell your friends—if you have good friends they will stick up for you,” she said. “It helps to tell someone. Tell your parents.” A recent incident in her classroom took place that involved bullying behaviour and an autistic student. She said that one of her classmates stood up and confronted the bullies and brought everything to a stop, adding that the bullies got in extremely serious trouble. “Our teacher had a very serious talk with the class, and everyone felt so bad. We felt bad that it happened in the first place, and some students wished they’d done something about it,” she explained. “All that student was probably thinking was, ‘I hope someone will help me,’ and someone did.” She said that your whole life changes when you’re not being bullied at school. “You feel so strong,” she said. “You feel confident.”

“Bullies are often popular kids”

“Take a Risk and Help to Stop Bullying in Our Schools and Our Communities”

Secwepemc NEWS


Fluery Speaks Out on Sexual Abuse

“I was just a Boy”. A young and very impressionable age, I was stalked, preyed upon and sexually assaulted over 150 times by an adult my family and I trusted completely. I was a boy with a big dream and the talent to match. I played hockey in the early morning hours, after school, on the weekends and holidays, I even dreamed of hockey. Everyone in my life knew of my passion and my talent, including convicted pedophile Graham James. Mr. James was a well-known minor hockey coach, and he zeroed in on my family and me. He skillfully manipulated us all, and eventually my parents entrusted my care and well being to him in order to allow me to move to other towns and cities to advance my hockey dream. He was a larger than life figure with the hockey credentials and education as a teacher, to match, and it was drilled into me that he held the keys to making my dream become a reality. I was just a kid. A child. I was completely under Graham James’s control. And I was scared. I did not have the emotional skills, the knowledge, or the ability to stop the rapes or change my circumstances. I felt lost, alone, and helpless. And those feelings did not stop after I was able to get away from Mr. James; I continued to feel that way for 20+ years afterwards. I descended into years of drug addiction, alcoholism, and addictions to sex, gambling, rage. My loved ones, including my beloved children, spiraled down with me. The pain was all encompassing. And no matter how many NHL games I won, or money I made, or fame I gained could dull the pain of having been sexually abused by Graham James. His sickness changed my life, changed the lives of everyone who was close to me, and caused more pain than can be measured. Finally, after a night in the New Mexico desert with a gun in my mouth and finger on the trigger, I found the courage to get help and start a long process of healing. I am now reconciled with my children and family, I have been sober for 6 years and I have put the course of my professional life on an amazing path. I am fortunate to speak to victims, survivors, victors and advocates all over North America. From little boys to men as old as 82 tell me they too have been victimized. I am honoured each and every time they share with me. They shed tears, they tell me secrets they have never dared to tell anyone else, and they look for some sort of peace in the midst of their hell. This court must know that pedophiles like Graham James do not ever change. They are devoid of anything good, and their moral compass does not exist. The statistics show 1 in 3 girls and 1 in 5 boys will be sexually abused before the age of 18. A good majority of these children will grow into angry adults who are completely stunted in their emotional growth, and are unable to contribute to healthy and loving relationships. Some will find healing, but many will not, and the after effects of sexual abuse will affect everyone close to them. They will be unable to find decent employment, they will be unable to fully commit to loving relationships, they will be unable to trust, they will be unable to parent their children,

they will be unable to really contribute to society. All because a monster like Graham James preyed upon them, took advantage of their trust and their age, to commit heinous crimes on their bodies, souls and spirits. This is an epidemic and it has to stop. Do not show leniency to Graham James, he certainly never did to me or any of his other prey. He had many opportunities to stop, to get help, to change, and he never took them. In fact, he kept going. He created situations wherein he could abuse me, he lied time and again, and he found how his authority over me could allow him to do whatever he wanted. He instilled not only physical pain, but also deep emotional pain and left scars so deep and so wide it took decades for me to sleep one night in peace. He was purposeful, he planned his assaults, he took the time and the energy to sexually abuse me every chance he got. And believe me, he will do it again and again and again if ever given the chance. He has no remorse. A monster who will sexually assault children should never be let loose in society ~ never. When you consider punishment for Graham James I ask this court to think not only about the law, but also about that scared little boy who had nowhere to turn, nowhere to run and nowhere to hide each and every time Graham James raped me. Think about that little boy, his tears and his anger and his helplessness. Think long and hard about YEARS OF SEXUAL ASSAULTS, not just one or two incidents, YEARS OF SEXUAL ASSAULTS, perpetrated by Graham James on me and other children. Think about the journey to hell he sent them and me on. Think about the tears shed that could fill the oceans, rivers and streams by his victims. Think about the ruined relationships, the lost opportunities, the anguish, the fear that follows every waking moment and invades every dream. Only then should you consider punishment. And the punishment should be a lifetime removed from society in a prison where the keys are thrown away, never to be found again. I urge this court to set an example, not only for other offenders, but to those who have been victimized ~ that this court and this country takes sexual abuse and assault seriously, and that you’ll protect the innocent, harshly punish the guilty and encourage healing for everyone who has ever been even remotely affected by monsters like Graham James.



Working with First Nations Since 1982

880 - 175 2nd Avenue, Kamloops, BC V2C 5W1

Phone: 250- 374-1555 Fax: 250-374-9992 E-mail:

The Book “Playing With Fire” is his life story and his journey.

Attention all Business owners and Non-Profit Organziations CALL FOR PROPOSALS

Aboriginal Summer Student Employment Program Applications for summer student projects can be made using the summer student guildines and critieria.

The objective of the Summer Student Work Experience program is to achieve the following; To assist students in preparing for their future entry to the labour market. Focuses on providing work experience and developmental learning experience/skills.

Proposals should include a STEP application form inclusive of budget, job description, training plan and board motion of support where required.

Earliest potential start date for projects will be May 11, 2012. Maximum length of projects will be sixteen weeks. Ony one position per organization will be considered. Proposals should include a STEP application form inclusive of budget, job description, training plan and board motion to support.

Mail completed applications of your proposal addressed to the following: Shuswap Training & Employment Program 680 Athabasca Street West, Kamloops, BC V2H 1C4

Closing Date: Must be received at the SNTC reception desk by no later than 4:00pm April 2nd, 2012 (Late proposal will not be accepted)

Contact: Debi Stewart, Program Development Worker Ph: 778-471-8202

Secwepemc NEWS



Sandra Lou Archie Dec 30,1957 - February 7, 2012 Sandra Lou Archie, she is the grandchild of Marie and Peter Christopher, Tomy and Eliza Archie of Canim Lake, BC Her parents were Sandy and May Archie (Christopher). Sandy had 13 siblings. She never had children of her own but she was the “momma” to many of the children on the reserve. She helped raise many of her nieces and nephews along with many of the children in the community. She was the “rez babysitter” for the parents of Canim Lake. Sandra loved to dance, she would shrink up her shoulders and get her groove on. She had a beautiful personality and the most wonderful and brightening smile that would warm up your heart and enlighten you day. We will miss you lots Sandy. “We Love You” and enjoy your time now.


A sense of warmth is tapping at the door; And hope, a feeling out from distant lore Or so it seems - clears the deep refrain! Emerging youth: a dormant lea awakes.


The raging colour, singing loud, partakes



In annual birth - spring is born again!

SpéCialiStES EN SOiNS dE SaNté

“Because of the military, I have my physiotherapy degree. The Forces pays for all of my courses and gives me the opportunity to learn new things, by furthering my education. That’s a huge benefit. I also love the fact that I get to be a role model and conduct myself in a way that reflects who I am.” Captain GeorGette Mink, Opaskwayak Cree Nation

A zest anew for nascent life

« J’ai obtenu mon diplôme de physiothérapeute grâce aux Forces canadiennes. Les Forces payent tous mes cours et me permettent d’approfondir mes connaissances en poursuivant mes études. C’est un avantage énorme. J’aime également savoir que je sers de modèle et que je peux me comporter d’une façon qui reflète bien qui je suis. » Capitaine GeorGette Mink, Nation des Cris d’Opaskwayak

Begins in floral train: Carriage one: a snowdropp thrill; Carriage two: the crocus; Number three, a daffodil - dancing, Drawing focus - as she would, Attention seeker! How I love our spring:


The bold and sleeker feel I get,


An inner glow, a ring! I’ve paid the winter’s chilly debt, so Now upon the wing! DND04-PR-PH-07EF.indd 1

12-02-23 3:24 PM

Secwepemc NEWS


Native American Horoscope Many Native American cultures have myths and legends where animals are the main characters or play an important role in teaching the younger generation important life lessons. Some of these cultures have created a belief system, or zodiac, based on animal guides. The horoscopes on this page are based on Native American beliefs. Due to the number of indigenous tribes, who do not all have the same beliefs, we have selected some of the more widely accepted zodiacs and totems. When an animal's name is underlined you can click on that name and it will bring you to a page of totem information about that animal. If you would like to see what we have in our gift shop for each animal click here. January 20 to February 18 (Aquarius) Otter, Magpie Otters are playful, prophetic animals. Otter people are creative, and logical. They have high ideals and tend to seek more from others than is reasonable. They seek the truth above all else. February 19 to March 20 (Pisces) Wolf, Cougar, Whale The wolf is graceful, has initiative, and loves freedom. Wolf people are generally very trusting, and generous with deep feelings towards their loved ones. Their ultimate goal is to find and keep love in their life. March 21 to April 19 (Aries) Hawk, Falcon, Wolf The hawk is a messenger of insight, adaptability and openness. Hawk people aim to initiate and lead, and may be impulsive from time to time. They want to establish individuality while still being accepted by the group. April 20 to May 20 (Taurus) Elk, Beaver The elk is a strong, handsome and proud animal who can be aggressive if challenged. The beaver is an industrious builder with unlimited patience. Elk people are very industrious and find security through possession. They are eager to discover and possess something which has lasting value. May 21 to June 20 (Gemini) Eagle, Deer The eagle can see extraordinarily well, is

very strong willed, and graceful. Eagle people are great observers, have great intuition and creativity. They try to bring things together and better them through creative actions. June 21 to July 21 (Cancer) Salmon, Woodpecker, Flicker Salmon strive to return home after a long journey. Salmon people are home-loving, giving and sensitive. They are also very imaginative and sometimes moody. Their goal in life is to live in harmony with the environment. July 22 to August 22 (Leo) Cougar, Salmon, Sturgeon The cougar is swift, graceful, spontaneous, and determined. Cougar people make great leaders and are courageous, ambitious and determined to succeed. They want to find purpose in life and to dominate what they do best. August 23 to September 21 (Virgo) Owl, Bear Owls are very observant and sensible. Owl people are intelligent, well spoken and discreet. Their eye for detail often makes them perfectionist. They must cultivate tolerance and optimism. September 22 to October 22 (Libra) Raven, Crow, Dove The raven is intelligent, clever and mystical. Raven people are peace loving, idealistic and charming. They long for harmony in the community and must stay away from uncertainty and inconsistency. October 23 to November 22 (Scorpio) Snake, Eel The snake is mysterious, intuitive and is the epitome of transformation. Snake people aim for satisfaction and thrive on praise. They require great self-discipline and will power to control their harsh natures. November 23 to Dec 21 (Sagittarius) Horse, Owl, Elk The horse is a wise and strong animal which possesses great stamina. Horse people are determined, sincere and understanding. They are also inquisitive, generous and trustworthy. December 22 to Jan 19 (Capricorn) Bear, Goose Bears are quiet, swift and very protective of their family. Bear people are cautious, independent and hardworking. They adapt well to new situations and value tradition over technology.


A World According to the First Nations Ten Commandments Lately, I’ve been thinking about the kind of world I’d like to see, and what it would take to make that world a reality. I think, having recently discovered the First Nations Ten Commandments (in the Elders Gathering program) that they just might be the key to the kind of world I would wish for. Remain close to the Great Spirit. When we are close to the great spirit, to the life force that lives in and through us all, we are able to focus on the things that matter…… family, friendship, and the celebration of life’s beauty, rather than getting caught up in false things like greed. Show and give respect to your fellow beings. Who wouldn’t want to live in a world where people treated each other, and other living beings, with respect? Where the commandment to respect the fish, and the animals that drink from our watersheds would preclude anyone dumping toxic waste into lakes and streams? Give assistance wherever needed. A world with more sharing and more caring, would bloom from this commandment. Be truthful and honest at all times. Wouldn’t it be nice to be able to trust not only each other, but corporations and the government? A better world would be one where honesty is the rule. Do what you know to be right. I believe that each of us is born with a moral compass, that each of us, way deep inside, knows the truth of our actions, and how they will impact the world.

Look after the being of mind and body. The world I dream of is a world filled with healthy bodies and healthy minds. If we don’t take care of ourselves, how can we take care of each other? Take responsibility for your actions. Enough with the excuses! We never learn unless we admit when we are wrong. Besides, if we don’t take credit for our mistakes, it is difficult to celebrate our successes. Dedicate your efforts to the greater good. Can you imagine a society where everybody, every man, woman and child was dedicated to making life better for everyone? That would be a wonderful society to live in. Work together for the benefit of all humanity. The only way that things will change for the better is if we all work together to build the world we want to see. It won’t be easy, there are lots of problems to fix, but nothing is impossible when we work together. Together we are invincible…together we are strong. Treat the earth and all on it with respect. Lastly, but most importantly, we have to treat the earth with respect, because without it, where would we live? When we disrespect the earth we are disrespecting ourselves, the earth is a part of us, it is in everything we eat, in the water we drink and the air we breathe. I hope everyone reading this will work towards building the world we all wish for, and perhaps take these commandments to heart.

hip hop is saving lives

Hello there, my name is Levi Eagle Deneault Norquay, also known as Levi-D. I am 19 years old and was born on June 26th, 1992. I live in Skeetchestn Indian Band, My mom and dads names are Mary-Lou Deneault and Earnest Norquay. I would have to say that my talent is a hip-hop artist. Growing up my biggest

influence was my older cousins. I started writing music at the age of ten. Started rapping at the age of fourteen. I played soccer when I was little, I also used to grass dance a lot attending pow wows and competitions. being an aboriginal artist is a big honour to me, especially because I am representing my Secwepemc Nation. I try to stay real to whatever roots I can dig up. Darcy (Think2wice) Deneault and “The Capital G Geo were my kind of like my role model’s. They were the ones that got me into music. Advice I’d give the youth today would be, “ stay in school no matter the obstacle, stay real to what you do and don’t let anybody tell you differently. It’s your life, so enjoy it as much as you can”. If you would like to be featured as the “Youth of the Month” contact us at

Secwepemc NEWS


JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2012 are currently two other members of the extended Retasket family attending WWU, Jaimee Parker and Chanel Retasket. Without a doubt Mark and Cathy have had a great influence on leading members of the family to pursue higher education and Victoria did not hesitate to follow their example. She will serve many students throughout her career and will carry on the tradition of supporting higher education as well as serve as a role model for other Native students. A part of Victoria’s success can be attributed to Keith Zabotel, Education Director at the Bonaparte Indian Band who was so supportive of her efforts. We are all thankful that he was there for her. Victoria has a 3 year old daughter Cara Jo, her pride and joy, Cara is being raised in the Powwow circuit and under the guidance of Victoria. In addition to being a full time student Victoria is a full time mother and very active participant of her culture by attending powwows on the weekends. Each of these could easily be considered a full time job in itself. In her already busy life, Victoria finds time to sew regalia, and she does all of her own beadwork as well. Traveling throughout the summer months to various powwows, you will find her wearing a jingle dress, and her little shadow Cara Jo mimics her mother’s motions in the powwow arena. They have been featured dancers at events at WWU and other venues. Victoria is the daughter of Josephine (Retasket) and Douglas Perronteau. Her grandparents are; Norman and Catherine Retasket of the Bonaparte Indian Band. Victoria is also enrolled at Bonaparte. I would like to extend Happy Birthday wishes to Victoria; I love you, am in total awe of your accomplishments. I am proud to boast you are my daughter. Love Mom

Please allow me to introduce Miss Victoria L. Retasket; Victoria was born on March 17, 1987, she is a 24 year old graduate of Western Washington University in Bellingham, Washington. Victoria graduated with her Master’s degree in Student Affairs Administration in Higher Education. Victoria got an early start in her college career when she signed up for the Running Start Program while attending Chelan High School in Chelan, Washington. Upon her high school graduation Victoria also earned her General Direct Transfer Degree from Wenatchee Valley College. Victoria then applied for admission to WWU where many of her family members also attended. Her Aunt Cathy (Retasket) Cook graduated from WWU and immediately became an elementary School Teacher. Mrs. Cook recently retired after teaching at Mountain View Elementary Public School for 32 years. Her Uncle Mark, also a graduate of WWU, went on to assist over 6000 students in higher education as a Dean at Dine College in Window Rock, Arizona. Her late Uncle Garry Retasket graduated from WWU with a degree in Native American Studies/Ethnic Studies. Her Uncle Mike Retasket also attended WWU for a short period of time. And recently, after 32 years, Victoria’s mother Josephine Perronteau (Retasket) graduated from WWU from the Human Services Program. There

Cecelia DeRose (left) reading “The Story of Owl” in Secwépemctsín for the entire workshop group during our Traditional Storytelling Workshop in T’éxelc. Kukpi7 Ann Louie on the right.


News bulletin February 2012

Elder’s Luncheon Date:

Friday, March 16, 2012


11:30 am – 3:00 pm


Campus Activity Centre “Grand Hall”

Aboriginal Education Centre at Thompson Rivers University is pleased to host the

2012 “Honouring our Elders Luncheon” We look forward to having you join us!

Please RSVP by March 9th To: Tanis Schoen 250.371.5679

Sponsored By: Aboriginal Education Centre

February was busy with developing our Year 3 plans. Our project team discussed these plans at the Stsmémelt Working Group meeting in Williams Lake on February 10th. The Chiefs’ Special Forum is planned for June in Kamloops. Topics for discussion will include: Year 3 objectives, work accomplished to date and future plans. Preparations are being made to head off to Saskatoon on March 22nd, the Tek’wemiple7 Unit, Doreen and 2 youth are going to the University of Saskatchewan to present at an Indigenous Law Making Conference. Community Engagement Amy Sandy continues to work with Elder and Language Councils to produce a Child and Family Secwépemctsín glossary which will supplement the future Secwepemc Family Wellness Act. Barb McLean is working to support the southern communities in developing their

individual plans. A tour of Sts’ailes Snowoyelh (Chehalis) program is planned for March 15; contact Barb if you are interested in joining the tour to review how Sts’ailes is implementing a culturally based program to support their children and family. For more info check: snowoyelh . Tek’wémiple7 Research Unit Troy Hunter (ART Coordinator) has begun drafting a legal framework to obtaining jurisdiction for Secwepemc children and families. To help Troy, Kelly Connor (Researcher) has been engaged in traditional research. Kelly and Barb have been to T’éxelc, Stswecem’c/Xgat’tem, and Bonaparte this month for Traditional Storytelling Workshops. The workshops were well received and attended. Check our Facebook page for photos!

Secwepemc NEWS


Weyt-kp. Carl Archie ren skwewkst. Te Tsq’escen’ te st7ekwen ell ne Tk’emlups re mumtwen. Ne kelles te swuct ne Bachelors of Business Administration: Majoring in Economics with a Concentration in Business and Regulatory Policy and Minor in New Venture Creation. I’m happy to announce that I have been elected as Member of Thompson Rivers University’s (TRU) Board of Governors. The Board is responsible for the management, administration and control of the property, revenue, business, and affairs of the University as delegated by the Thompson Rivers University Act. I will be replacing Rue Chinyanganya whose term expires in August at which point my term will be from September 2012 to August 2013. I will be one of two elected student governors representing TRU’s more than 10,000 students including nearly 1200 Aboriginal students.

When I stepped foot on campus in 2007, I had no intentions of being where I am – only wanting to get a degree and move home and have cows and, hopefully, work for my community. However, I began to realize that the education I am getting is not readily applicable to issues faced in Aboriginal communities nor is it an environment suited to Aboriginal learners. Five years ago, there was a modified “colonial style” house with a dank basement which served as the “Cplul’kwten” or Aboriginal Gathering place. In it, there were a few computers, office space for two staff, and a kitchenette. This housed the few services for Aboriginal students. Over time, staff and students on campus worked hard at advocacy, planning and delivery on behalf of Aboriginal students and we watched as Aboriginal services and facilities expanded. Our Cplul’kwten has tripled in size with two additional office spaces with 8 new computers and new study space; we now have Aboriginal counselling, library and Mentor services; the Irving K. Barber centre, modelled after a Secwepemc C7iskten, and the Aboriginal Education Centre exist; and we have 17 Aboriginal programs. Despite these positive changes, there is still much work to be done if the University is to become and remain the School of Choice for the 38 First Nations within its service region. There are many opportunities for improvement at the corporate level which include: * Strengthening partnerships with local Aboriginal communities, including business procurement; * Recognition of the Aboriginal presence on campus via place names; * Recruitment and retention of Aboriginal staff and faculty, and enhanced training of non-aboriginal staff. The continued positive changes are in the best interests of Thompson Rivers University. Meanwhile, we must be aware that the process of change has to be led by our communities to be legitimate. By taking control of our education, we are moving away from colonial legacy of Universities which includes automatic enfranchisement of Aboriginal peoples attaining post-secondary education. My community has taught me that to truly be free of the paternalistic relationship imposed on us, we have to move away from mere consultation and become the decision makers in our own territory. Stsq’ey’s ne7elye te sw7ecs. It is our right to be here. It is our responsibility to govern ourselves.

Adams Lake Storytelling Festival was well enjoyed by all the participants Fluent speakers, advanced speakers and adult beginners all came together for the Adams Lake storyteller’s festival on February 11, 2012. Community members came out to watch as Beginner level adult learners put on a small production of a childrens story “Tkelles re Teniye” (the Three moose). Followed by a group of advanced language learners telling a Sptekwle (myths and legends). Finally followed by a fluent story about Sek’lep by Elder Lawrence Michel.


The 2012 Hall of Fame Induction Joe LeBourdais - born November 19, 1929 in Williams

Lake, resided on the Clinton Indian Reserve. Joe married Lorraine in 1955 and they had eight children and have numerous grandchildren and great grandchildren. A wellknown rodeo competitor and contributor, Joe started riding at age 5 and began competing in rodeos at age 10. He won his first event at age 12 in cow riding. Joe competed in many amateur, semi-pro and pro rodeos throughout BC, Alberta, and the U.S. (CPRA, Interior Rodeo Association, BC Rodeo Association, All Indian Rodeo Association, Old Timers Association) from the 1930's thru 2003. Joe also raised some well known bucking stock that were used by GG Stock Contracting. Throughout Joe's rodeo career he won numerous trophies and buckles in saddle bronc, calf roping, team roping and all around. Joe was a Pro Rodeo competitor in the 1950's/60's. Saddle Bronc was his specialty. He won his last buckle for bronc riding in 1986 (age 57) and his last buckle in team roping in 2003 (age 74!). In 1993 Joe was the honored recipient of the BC Rodeo Association's Lifetime Achievement Award. Joe has always been involved in rodeo teaching many who have gone on to become champions. Besides rodeo and ranching, Joe took on a variety of jobs; including hunting guide for over 20 years, camp cook, logger and tree faller, prospector, and for many years Chief and Councillor for his respective Indian Band. Rodeo and ranching are still a family tradition carried on by Joe and his family at his home at J&L Ranch where he still raises quarter horses.


Secwepemc NEWS


Determination and Hard Work

“Your education is never really over, once you have accomplished one ticket, there is always one more out there”. Angeline Camille

Two Secwepemc Women Paying It Forward In Oaxaca Mexico

Determination and hard work has brought Angeline Camille closer to achieving her goal of a “Red Seal Journeyman Electrician”. Angeline is the youngest daughter of Joe and Evelyn Camille of Tk’emlúps; Grandparents are Felex and Celestine Camille from Skeetchestn; and Nelson Leon and Catherine Kenoras of Adams Lake. Her interest in trades lead her to an Access to Trades Program at the then Cariboo College in 1998. This took her through five different Constructional trades, that has lead her to the Electrical trade. The journey to a Professional career in the electrical trade has had its challenges, finding funding for courses, finding a company to endenture her apprenticeship, and the prejudice she had to endure as being a Native woman in a man’s world. This has shaped her into the woman she is today. Angeline found an endentureship with the local International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW) Local #993, in 2005, which was the opportunity she had been working for. Since then, she has worked at several Hydro dams, Hydro substations, Mine restorations and rebuilds, and a data processing plant construction.

Angeline’s drive to be successful in the Electrical trades were recognized by her instructors at the Thompson Rivers University, she was asked to be a mentor to the students in the “Women in Trades Program”. Two years later, she has been working with three different classes that take this program. She keeps in touch with those that want mentoring out in the work force and in their lives. Angeline eagerly shares with the women where and how it is to work off reserve, in a manner that non-natives are unable to say. With the importance of showing up everyday, on time, and given your best; which at times had to be more than the men at times. In sharing her experiences, challenges and how she overcame them she has become a role model for her nieces and nephews, by saying to them: “If I can do it, you can do it too!! And more”. Angeline is always encouraging young people to get an education, get a trade, and to stand on their own two feet without relying on the “Reservation Mentality”. Angeline looks forward to continuing with her interest in different trades. She is pursuing her “WELDING” ticket next.

Two Secwepemc women are participating in this worthwhile project and I thought it would be of interest to your readership. Tawny Fortier and Chandra Basil-Dugas will be sharing their experience when they return. and I feel that this would be great for the Secwepemc Nation to see their ‘women’ in action. They are going to: Oaxaca Mexico and, in Partnership with a third party provider to install off grid power supplies to a number of homes in a remote location. The partner will be Esperanza International , a not for profit agency based in Seattle Washington. Esperanzas’ primary function is to build homes in resource poor communities; they will be providing them with accommodation, meals, an interpreter and other local help. Oaxaca is one of the poorest regions of Mexico. It has a high percentage of Native people. Roughly one half of the people in Oaxaca speak an indigenous language. It is a mountainous state with difficult access, the average altitude being 5000 feet above sea level. They chose Mexico because it has a good balance of far but not too far and has different but not too different. The project they have chosen; is to install one solar panel, 2-3 lights and an

outlet for a small load in each of up to 10 homes. These homes are located in an isolated area where Utility Supplied electricity (ie; BC Hydro) is not available. Light in the evening and the ability to charge a cellular phone or other similar devices will allow school children to read, the craft economy to grow and help to be reached in an emergency. They will be involved with the local people and culture working alongside the homeowners as they install our electrical equipment. Working with the local people and learning how they live is one of the things that makes this a rich experience for the students. There will not be any fancy hotels or doing any partying. The students will also be training locals to maintain the solar systems they are installing. This teaching component will strengthen their learning and help them see the value of their newly acquired skills. The participants will receive an International Experience Credit as part of their grad package. Some employers that work overseas want to see international experience because it shows that the person can handle being in a culture shock situation. We look forward to their return and to reading their adventurous story.


Secwepemc NEWS


Predictions of Indigenous Language Regeneration in Kamloops By Kathy Manuel

Chief Atahm (CAS) out did themselves this year at their 12th Annual Language Conference, held February 24th and 25th in Kamloops. Always the top language event of the year for First Nation Language teachers and revitalizers here in BC and nationally, it drew over 200 attendees from as far away as Scandinavia. Titled Predictions of Indigenous Language Regeneration, this year’s conference workshops and presentations provided skills and methods to meet the challenges of teaching indigenous languages. CAS Principal, Robert Matthew, stated there is a new energy and urgency to indigenous language revitalization in our communities. Workshops included administration through curriculum building, classroom activities, technology in language learning, assessment strategies, language acquisition, immersion strategies, supporting non-fluent staff and language initiatives from the University of Hawaii. Every presenter had exceptional energy and passion for language and it’s revitalization, it flowed from them and filled participants with renewed energy, drive and tools to take back to their schools and communities. Three beautiful young women from the University of Hawaii shared what worked and what didn’t work for students and the strategies that are being used for improving existing structures. 24 year old Kalei Kawa’a just delivered her Masters thesis written in Hawaiian, her native tongue! The University of Hawaii recognizes their language and is now developing a Ph.D. program. Tsuut’ina elders, Bruce and Deanne Starlight, from the Gunaha Institute had some extremely insightful comments. Bruce told us that in his experience teaching our native language like English as a second language does not work because English is noun based and our indigenous languages are verb based. They believe we can take what we need from the linguists, but it is time for them to stop telling us how OUR words are said. “Linguists try to fit a square block into a round hole”́ yes, there are grammar rules we need to adhere to but they are not always exact. The Gunaha Institute is very fortunate, Bruce shared that their band has a casino and invests one million dollars a year on their language. Bruce emphasized that the window of opportunity of saving our languages is very narrow and it won’t be long

before all our natural speakers are gone, then we will never have the full language again. We must engage now, our leaders need to get on board or they will be known as the leaders who allowed our language to be lost. “Our culture and our essence will be gone, we will just be a dark skinned white man.” He told us to stop translating from English to our languages; we are adjusting our language to translate literally, changing our structure. Yes, we may lose our “pure” language but we will still have our language and we need to keep it. A used language is productive, it is always changing. “I do not speak the same language that my grandmother did, and my grandchildren won’t speak the same language as me, but we still communicate with the same spirituality and conveyance. You can feel it” stated Bruce. CAS Curriculum team of Kathryn Michel, Cwell Michel, Ada Jules, Sarah Michel, Anne Michel, Tekawus Armitage and Lawrence Michel presented their early childhood language website and puppet show. The puppeteers and web designers were on hand to display their talents and answer questions. Be sure to find the opportunity to view their work, great things will be coming from this group! At lunch representatives from all the languages present sang a line of Happy Birthday to Robert Matthew. On Saturday morning, Janice Michel Billy demonstrated her exceptional style of TPR. She could take her presentation on the road, everyone was in tears from laughing. Her energy vitalized participants, the students at Chief Atahm are so very lucky to have these teachers!

Janice Billy introducing Kahea Faria, Eomoileni Kukahiko and Kalei Kawac

Right: Scandinavia Language teacher in traditional outfit

“Kúkwstsep-kuc from all participants for another spectacular conference. It is easy to see why Chief Atahm staff are the leaders in immersion language teaching and curriculum development”. K Manuel Left: Ho’okulaiwi: ‘Aha Ho’ona’auao ‘Oiwi The Hawaiian delegates are associated with Ho’okulaiwi: ‘Aha Ho’ona’auao ‘Oiwi, a multifaceted teacher education and curriculum research initiative designed to raise the educational achievement of Native Hawaiians. The delegates have each taught in different Hawaiian Language Immersion Schools.


Secwepemc NEWS

Salmon bites

by Pat Matthew: Secwepemc Fisheries Commission (SFC)

A resolution passed on November 23, 2011 at a Union of BC Indian Chiefs meeting called for the protection of Fraser four year old early-timed Chinook salmon. These fish only return to the Thompson part of the Fraser including the Bonaparte, Deadman, Louis and Bessette streams and the Nicola River and its tributaries. Spawning escapements have declined to very low levels over the past 10 -15 years. The resolution was drafted by Tracy Wimbush of the Nicola Tribal Association (NTA) and the Secwepemc Fisheries Commission. On their way home to spawn these fish stocks migrate through Juan de Fuca Strait at the southern tip of Vancouver Island and into the Fraser from March to early July. Over the past two years SFC and NTA have been successful in negotiating reductions in sport and First Nation fishing during this period. Department of Fisheries & Oceans reduced daily bag limits and employed catch size restrictions (to avoid smaller Thompson Chinook) in these areas. Lower Fraser First Nations usually start food fishing for Chinook in March and continue through to August when sockeye show up. In 2010 and 11 they started fishing in mid June with limited effort to early July. Nlaka’pamux, Nicola and Secwepemc communities have restricted their fisheries by starting to fish on August 1st

after the early chinook have gone by. Poor marine survival has also contributed to the low return of these stocks, thus efforts in harvest reduction are even more critical. First Nation representatives from the lower Fraser, Secwepemc and Nicola visited each other’s territories last summer to get an on-the-ground view of the situation. Lower Fraser representatives visited the spawning grounds at Louis Creek, Bonaparte River and the Nicola. Nicola and SFC representatives toured the lower Fraser fishery by helicopter and boat. In 2011 the SFC acknowledged the conservation efforts of Fraser and Marine First Nations. Secwepemc elder John Pierro sang an honor song and SNTC representative Tom Hewitt provided traditional gifts at a meeting in Richmond. Spawner escapements in 2011 seem to have stabilized at a very low level for earlytimed four year old Chinook; however, the outlook for 2012 is still poor. Similarly, the outlook for Fraser and Thompson spring and summer age 5 chinook is poor. A bright spot over the past several years has been the summer run 4 year old Chinook that spawn in the mainstem South Thompson - escapements up to 150,000 have been observed. Thank you to Kukpi7 Wayne Christian for moving the UBCIC Resolution forward. Further thanks to Secwepemc political representatives for attending the Fraser Forums and speaking on behalf of our salmon and our communities. Our fish stocks are resilient-hopefully they can hang on. On goes the battle!


NITEP @ UBC Bachelor of Education

Traditional Values. Contemporary Program.

For over 30 years, NITEP at the University of British  Columbia has delivered Aboriginal teacher education in  an environment that honours diverse Aboriginal traditions  and philosophies. Starting in September 2012, students will earn a Bachelor  of Education Degree, that prepares them to be effective  educators for public, band-operated, and independent  schools, in four years. FOR EARLY APPLICATION INCENTIVES AND PROGRAM INFORMATION, CONTACT: NITEP (Native Indian Teacher Education Program) Faculty of Education, UBC | 1985 West Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z2 t 604 822 5240 | e

Join the “Meet and Greet” at the Brown House of Learning on March 15, 2012 from 9:30 am to 12:30 pm in Room 304. Dr. Frank Blye, Dr. Jo Ann Archibald, Jessica Jarrette will be the guest of honour.

New Year! New Goals! Make Education A Priority This Year. Get your Dogwood Diploma or High School Diploma at NEC.


149 ASSOCIATE GOLF MEMBERSHIP A great gift for you and someone else!

2 green fee passes, 30 min golf lesson Sun Rivers golf shirt, $25 Hoodoos gift card Social golf green fee pricing 18 - $55 • 9 - $35 ($320 value. 7 day advanced booking. Restricted playing times: Monday - Thursday after 10:30 am Friday - Sunday & holidays after 12:00 pm)

Neskonlith Education Center (NEC) provides the courses you need to achieve an Adult Dogwood diploma through our Thompson Rivers University accredited University College Prep Program (UCEP) or a High School Dogwood through the South Central Interior Distance Education School (SCIDES). NEC is located approximately 6 miles west of Chase, BC. UNIVERSITY COLLEGE ENTRANCE PROGRAM COMP 0500, 0600 NATIVE STUDIES 0600 ENG 0300, 0400, 0500, 0600 SOCIAL SCIENCES 0600 MATH 0300, 0400, 0500, 0510 GRADE 8 – 12 (HIGH SCHOOL) PROGRAM

Courses required for graduation: ENG 12, MATH 11 AND 3 GRADE 12 ELECTIVES.



We have a fully-licensed daycare by the school. Please contact Yvonne August, Daycare Manager to register @ (250) 679-7733.

Contacts: Tammy Thomas, Education Director Dalla Powder, Ed. Administrative Assistant Jocelyn Thompsett, Education Assistant

1000 Clubhouse Drive, Kamloops BC V2H 1T9 250.571.7888 l l


Secwepemc NEWS


Making Diabetes Prevention a Family Affair This is the thirty ninth article in a series of articles discussing type 2 diabetes. With the incidence of diabetes being on the rise in our population, at Manshadi Pharmacy we have taken a great interest in diabetes care and would be happy to answer any questions that you may have regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and management of diabetes and its related complications. I was recently inspired by local author Cheryl Christian of the nationally best selling cookbook, “Low GI Meals in Minutes”, to revisit this topic and encourage families to make healthy living a priority in our busy lives. Many people have the misconception that choosing to eat low glycemic index foods and portion control is only for diabetics and don’t realize that this is how EVERYONE should be eating in order to prevent diabetes and other health complications in the future. With the incidence of childhood obesity and type 2 diabetes on the rise, now is the time to embrace healthy habits as a family in order to ensure many long and happy years together.

Type 2 diabetes is a disease that used to be almost exclusively diagnosed in adults, as it develops overtime due to our natural mechanisms for managing our blood sugars becoming fatigued after years of being overloaded by poor diet, overeating, and inactivity. Unfortunately, it is becoming more common in teenagers and even children with a 10-30 fold increase in American children being diagnosed in the last 10-15 years. It is estimated that every 1 in 3 children born in the States in 2000 will be diagnosed with diabetes in their lifetime and similar rates are expected in Canada. Canadian First Nation children, which belong to a high-risk ethnic group for developing diabetes, are being diagnosed as young as 8 years old. As 95% of children diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are overweight, and the number of Canadian children who are overweight has tripled in the last 30 years, we need to take an active role in protecting our children from developing this disease.

Remember, developing healthy living habits doesn’t have to be complicated or overwhelming. Start by choosing one thing that you could do differently as a family such as eating off of smaller dinner plates to encourage portion control, switching to sprouted grain bread, or no longer having pop in the house. Don’t forget to try and have some fun with it too! For example, get out there and be more active together as a family, by choosing an extra family outing, such as a hike or afternoon at the park every week. Have a contest to see which family member can eat the most servings of vegetables and fruit in a day or the most variety of different colored fruits and vegetables. Try to limit the amount of time your child spends watching TV, playing video games, or on the internet and encourage them to be active by enrolling them in a healthy activity of their choice. If your child seems to have issues surrounding eating or tends to use food for comfort, make sure you sit down with them and discuss this to try to support them emotionally and spiritually as well to develop healthier habits. I hope that this review of the measures to prevent diabetes as a family has inspired you to make that one change that you could do differently this week and will lead to many more in the future that will nurture your family. If you have any suggestions you would like to share to support others in their quest towards achieving a healthy lifestyle as a family, I would be happy to hear them so that I may pass them on.


MANSHADI PHARMACY Prescriptions,Compounding Medical Supplies

477 St. Paul St. Kamloops

(250) 372-2223 Trusted Advice & Wholesome Care

Missagh Manshadi

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Sincerely,Laura Burgess, B.Sc. Pharm., Certified Diabetes Educator Pharmacist, Manshadi Pharmacy

Jackie Bandura Jordan George Dale Tomma

• Small Business Loans • Business Plan Development • Entrepreneurial Training #215-345 Yellowhead Hwy Kamloops, BC V2H 1H1 Phone: 250-828-9725 Fax:250-828-9972



1530 RIVER STREET, KAMLOOPS, BC V2C 1Y9 OFFICE: (250) 374-1530 FAX: (250) 374-1534


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Secwepemc NEWS


“Wellnewí7s-kucw, re New Afton Mines, e Skítsestenemc ell re Tk’emlúpsemc, me7 knucwentwécw-kucw es lé7es es w7ecs wel me7 yews” New Gold, Skeetchestn and Tk’emlups Indian Bands, Working Together for a Stronger Future

Name: Mary Brearley Band: Kamloops Indian Band Position: Processing Operations technician- Trainee In April 2011 I gained employment with the surface crew .The time I spend on the surface crew gave me a chance to see many other trades at work, then an opportunity in the mill came up and at the beginning of this February. I have since started a new job training to be a Processing Operations Technician. Once I started working at New Gold as a surface crew member some of my daily duties included cleaning the coffee/ lunch rooms, keeping the roads clear and safe to drive on, rigging for crane operations, helping with the trench work, and many other hands on types of work. I have become familiar with operating the 930 cat, Volvo, skid steer, and roll packer. There is a certain adrenaline rush to driving heavy equipment that I am entrusted to drive. After one year on surface, I applied to the Mill where I now work full-time as a processing operations trainee underground. Now as a processing operations trainee I have been learning operations of the crusher and the conveyor, doing daily inspections

and monitoring the safe operations of the equipment. I look forward to a six weektraining program where I will learn the mill processes. I learned from my co-workers and have had a lot of on-the-job training learning new things all of the time. I also showed some co-workers some things that I had learned. I am 26 years old and a member of the Kamloops Indian Band. My mother is Gloria Manuel and father is Gary Brearley. I take pleasure in working with New Gold because I feel like a productive part of a larger team working towards a common goal. I like all of the learning that I have been doing since I started at New Gold. I also enjoy the feeling of being at work and part of the New Gold community. And I like doing hands-on-work and this is something I get to do a lot at New Gold. Well, as I tell the people in my life, it wasn’t easy for me to get on at New Gold, but I knew that this was something I really wanted, so I work hard, keep a positive attitude and don’t give up. I realize this sounds like something anyone would say, but I’ll say I am proof it is true. Don’t give up. There is way too much opportunity here at New Gold to just walk away.

My name is Leonard Creyke; I am from the Tahltan Nation, in the far northwestern corner of BC. I was born and raised in the small town of Telegraph Creek, B.C. My father moved our family from Telegraph Creek to an Asbestos mining town; Cassiar, B.C. There I started my career in Mining, pushing a broom and using a shovel on clean up duties in the mill. I transferred from the Mill to the Mine because of my interest in Heavy Equipment and there I worked my way up to a heavy equipment operator. I have been in the Mining Industry for 35 plus years, my career in Mining has taken me to 4 open pit and 8 Underground Mines. I have also worked in Oil & Gas as a heavy equipment operator, and Road Construction; building forestry and high mountain roads.

I am presently employed at New Gold’s New Afton Mine in Kamloops as a Heavy Equipment Instructor and a First Nations mentor for BC AMTA (BC Aboriginal Mine Training Association) at the mine. I have always enjoyed training people along the way and in all these different mining projects that I have worked at. To me, training people is like giving back to the mining industry that has treated me so well during my career. It brings me huge satisfaction to train and work alongside of First Nations people from the Secwepemc Nation, and surrounding nations. I would like to thank New Gold and BC AMTA for their commitment to training and hiring of First Nations people. At this stage in my career, I am appreciative of my role and hope that I can make a positive impact on all employees at the New Gold Mine.

A Special Birthday Wish goes out to the “Bennett Ladies”. These beautiful ladies celebrate 3 GENERATIONS of Birthdays. March 11th is their Birthday. Margaret Bennett-Abel - 1922 Mary Anne Bennett - 1886 Patricia - 1941 Lena Louie-Ketlo

Secwepemc NEWS

PELLKWET’MIN/PELLTSIPWEN’TEN 2012 In Memory of Lance Brian Dodginghorse

September 2, 1985 - January 29, 2012 It is with heavy hearts that we announce the untimely passing of Lance Brian Dodginghorse, who passed away suddenly on Sunday, January 29, 2012 at the age of 26. Lance was born on September 2, 1985. He was an amazing and talented young man who had an infectious laugh and a gorgeous smile. Lance had a way to bring happiness and laughter to all those he loved and who love him. His passions were hockey, art, skateboarding, golf, hunting, mixing music, working with horses, and of course his daughter Catori - his greatest achievement. Lance played hockey for twenty-two years from the age of four and in 2011, Lance proudly represented Tsuu T’ina Nation at the World Police and Fire Games in New York City. He acted in the movie Dream Keepers. He also was certified oilfield drilling technician. Lance had a love of life that will be dearly missed by all of us who were blessed to have had him in our lives. Lance had a very

Birthday Greetings; I would also like to wish my beautiful son’s and daughter-in-law a Happy Birthday and all the very best for the year to come. March 28,1974 my beautiful Mike was Born; March 24,1980 my beautiful Lloyd was Born; March 22,1977 my beautiful Daughter-in-law Love and hugs from Mom.

special relationship with all his younger friends. They all looked up to him for his kindness and his mentoring ability. He leaves behind a career as a firefighter with the Tsuu T’ina Nation. Lance is survived by his fiancée Tashina Saddleback. He leaves behind, his daughter Catori and step daughter Tasia; mom Carrie Dodginghorse and second dad Wright Bruisedhead; his dad Lyle stepmother (Diane); brothers Kyle (Nikki, Gracie, Trinity) and Dalton; step siblings Wilsie (Ayze, Wyatt, Ada), Junior (Daisy, Weston), and Winter; grandmas Charlotte Manuel and Angeline Dodginghorse and Carol Gottfriedson; godparents Jim Thomas and Gloria Runner; his best friends Bobby Gottfriedson, Brett Crowchild, John, J.R., Jason Onespot, Bobby Buffalo, Theoren Meguinis, Faron, Byron, Kirby Manuel, Tyler Cutknife, Kingsley Duckchief, Lee Brass; sisters-in-law Cher, Joenie Saddleback and honoured parents, Lorraine and Andy Onespot; adopted sister Ticwtkwa Nelson; cherished aunties, Vicki Manuel and Tammy Dodginghorse (Allan) uncle Bob Dodginghorse and aunt Beatrice (Joe) Dodginghorse; special cousins Shyanne, Tessie, Lacy, Ashley, Alecia, Jada, Cassidy, Lydia, Spencer and Cayson; cherished Auntie Cindy Big Plume. Lance is predeceased by his grandpa Robert Dodginghorse, Grandma Louise Thomas and Grandma Soyanne Vinnie. In addition, Lance leaves a large number of cousins, friends, and family too numerous to name all. The loss of such an exceptional son and brother to all will never be forgotten. Forward condolences through In living memory of Lance Dodginghorse, a tree will be planted at Fish Creek Provincial Park by McINNIS & HOLLOWAY FUNERAL HOMES Park Memorial Chapel.

Congratulations to Brian Finlay of Little Shuswap Lake Indian Band for being re-elected as Councillor

Congratulations to re-elected Chief Nelson Leon of Adams Lake Band Councillors: Henry Anthony Cliff Arnouse Karen Everard Gina Johnny Ron Jules


SECWEPEMC BUSINESS DIRECTORY This listing is FREE to all Secwepemc.

All R Creations Hand Carved Jewellery Roxane McCallum (604)826-0095 Avon Representative Waterfall, Farrah (250) 320-8438 Baskets - Birch Bark Salmon Arm Delores Purdaby (250) 832-6538 Birch Baskets Harold Thomas (250) 833-4016 Big Sky Station Store & Gas Savona Joan McTaggart (250) 373-0043 Black Bear Developments Kamloops Rick & Sunny LeBourdais (250) 579-5720 Bow & Arrow Golf Enterprises (250) 318-0742 Frank Antoine Resource Planner & Owner Orbis Ent Ltd. Fax:(250) 305-2445 Ph:(250) 305-7415 E: Casper Creations Kamloops Dora Casper (250) 376-1736 Chief Technologies Chase Craig Duck Chief (250) 320-5219 Don Cook Contracting Excavating & Fencing (250) 838-6299 / 503-8006 (c) Deana’s Dream Cree-ations Kamloops Deana Nicholson, Consultant (250) 377-1087 Eagle Spirit Band (250) 440-5692 Les Johnson Falling & Contracting Canim Lake Gregg Archie (250) 397-4137 Farrier Services Williams Lake Tom Alphonse (250) 296-0013 Full Circle Designs Kamloops Travis Marr (250) 828-0770 Hall/Conference Centre 4 Rent Chase Adams Lake Rec. Centre (250) 679-3515 Herbalife Distributor Kamloops Vanessa Holte (250) 574-6975 Indigenous Eco-cultural Education & Consulting Services Chase Dawn Morrison (250) 679-1116 Inspirational Catering, Aboriginal & Canadian Cuisine - Lonny Paul (250) 267-3314 (250) 375-2092 Language (Secwepemc) Consultant Mona Jules (250) 672-5293 (250) 320-0379 Lawyer Kamloops Linda D. Thomas Law Corp. (250) 319-8045 Little Bear Gift Shop & Gallery Chase Margaret Anderson (250) 572-4939 Margaret’s Cleaning Service Margaret Billy (250) 682-3517

Mary Kay Independent Sales Deborah Hall (250) 938-2124 Nature’s Best Buffalo meat/products Williams Lake Tom & Karen Alphonse (250) 296-0013 Neskonlith Advisory Services Chase Neskonlith Indian Band (250) 679-3295 Personalized Stained Glass Chase Doreen Kenoras (250) 679-3783 Pet Transport Kamloops Edwin Marten (250) 319-5097 Photography/Videography Kamloops Michelle Jones (250) 434-9703 Pine Needle Baskets Chase Agnes John 250) 679-2741 Puss N’ Boots Daycare Kamloops Lucy Jules (250) 828-9429 Randy Sam Art Studio Chase Goldsmith - Randy Sam (250) 819-8953 Red Willow Designs Chase/Vancouver Tanya Willard (250) 299-5835 Regal Representative Kamloops, BC Sabrina Thomas (250) 852-2878 Regalia & First Nation Crafts Kamloops Doris Bamford (250) 314-9820 Ribbon Shirts & Regalia Kamloops Trish Terry (250) 376-9001 Riverfresh Wild BC Salmon Rock’s in the Wind Creations Chase Rock & Dianne Denault @ Running Wolf Video Productions BC Doreen Manuel (604) 837-3663 Rustic Wear Kamloops Cody Stewart (250) 377-5237 Shiny Nicol Cleaning Services Chase Doreen Nicol (250)577-3532 / (778) 220-4967(c) Skwlax Gas & Convenience Chase John Anderson (250) 679-7623 Spectrum Computer Services Chase Raymond Anthony (250) 682-3517 Star Blankets Chase Sharon Sellars (250) 679-8812 / 682-2261(c) Talking Rock Resort & Quaaout Conf. Centre Stephan Wittmer, GM 1(800) 663-4303 Testop Publishing Chase Tess Tomma (250) 835-8446 Tribal (band) Shuswap Peter August (250) 679-8597 Tupperware Consultant Merritt Deanne Eustache (250) 378-1808 Xatsull Heritage (250) 297-6502 Xwéxwne Creations - Weddings & Events Beadwork & Regalia’s (250) 574-8002

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Secwepemc NEWS


Educator of the Year Award Given to a Secwepemc Woman

Doreen Manuel -The Talented Manuel Family Written By Louise Mandell, Q.C.

I received news recently which filled me with great pride. Doreen Manuel, the 6th child of the late Grand Chief Dr. George Manuel and Marceline Manuel, has been honoured with the Educator of the Year Award by the Women In Film and Television. The award will be presented to her at the Spotlight Awards night on March 8th which is International Women’s Day - at the 7th Annual Women In Film Festival. The award recognizes Doreen’s vision and excellence in the teaching of screen-based media, and for creating opportunities for and providing mentorship. This is the first time an Indigenous woman has been honoured with this award - but this is not the first time Doreen has achieved the distinction of being the first Indigenous woman to receive the highest honour for her work. In 2004, she received the Governor General’s Academic Medal, which was the first time in the history of Capilano University that an Indigenous person won this Bronze Medal Award for academic excellence. Doreen’s groundbreaking work is part of an honoured family tradition. I have had the privilege of working with members of her family, and I know their great strengths from personal experience. Doreen’s father George hired me as UBCIC’s lawyer when I was a young woman. George was a brilliant leader. When I close my eyes, I can still picture him speaking at a UBCIC Assembly - sharing his vision of a three-pronged strategy for Aboriginal Title and Rights recognition. George said that political, legal and public messaging go hand in hand. He warned against going “bare bones political” or “bare bones legal”. Doreen took her father’s vision about the role of education through public media beyond what George could have imagined. She applied her skills and natural born gifts to the medium of film, giving voice and empowering a generation of Aboriginal filmmakers, many of whom are young women. Her students, studying media production

in the Indigenous Independent Digital Filmmaking program at Capilano University, have created documentaries, short films and sitcom pilots, many of which revealed the injustices and suffering caused by colonization. The men in the Manuel family all have a gift of communication. - educators, orators and politicians. Bobby was a beautiful educator and he was at his best in this role. One occasion stands out. The Constitution Express was headed to Ottawa, opposing the patriation of the Constitution. This was in 1981. George had sounded the alarm that patriation of the Constitution posed a threat to the very survival of Indigenous people. Canada and the provinces would use constitutional power, with the Constitution brought home from England, to assimilate Indigenous people, as Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and then Minister of Indian Affairs, Jean Chretien, had attempted with the White Paper Policy in 1969. The train left from Vancouver and picked up support and supporters as it crossed the country - grabbing headlines day after day. Bobby was on the train and, there, he talked politics for days and nights on end, and barely slept. Those on the train arrived in Ottawa exhausted - but, as tired as he was, Bobby was utterly happy. He made a speech at the residence of the Governor General where those who had disembarked the train delivered a Petition and Bill of Particulars, calling for internationally supervised negotiations about decolonization. He was speaking for 7 generations, and he said that 7 generations included the ancestors as well as 7 generations yet unborn. Doreen is a great educator. Like her brother, she has had an eye to the 7th generation - contributing to the growth and sustainability of the Vancouver film production community. The women in the Manuel family are great storytellers. Her sister, our dear friend and beloved Vera, was a great storyteller, playwright and poet. Vera told stories that had healing power, and she helped others to tell their stories that would heal wounds from residential school abuse and multi-generational grief and violence caused by colonization. Doreen is a great storyteller; she is innovative; she is a great teacher; and her work shifts paradigms. That is why she has been honoured. She was born into a family that teaches these qualities - a long line of oral historians and great storytellers, renowned for standing up for Aboriginal Title and Rights, and for leadership of great vision. I would be remiss if I did not mention a less well known talent of the Manuel family which has contributed to Doreen’s success. I have not met one member of the family who is not a dazzling technician and magician with energy, particularly in electronics. When Vera forgot her password and could not access her new computer, and after Microsoft technicians gave up on her, she called her nephew, Neskie, who came to the rescue and had Vera’s machine up and running in less than an hour. Doreen applied these skills and mastered the medium of film. She is a pioneer in what she has accomplished, and she has done all this as a woman - and as a single mother. Her children, Rainbow, Claudia and Esteban, have grown to be beautiful and talented people. Claudia is becoming a filmmaker of distinction in her own right and Esteban combines the technical and film talents in his career. Doreen is a warrior woman - a role model - a gift to her people and to us all. I asked Doreen if she had any comments to make about this award, and this is what she said: “If you truly believe that you deserve a place in the industry, you don’t ask for it - you take it. To change the culture of the industry, we must be fairly represented within that industry and we have to rise up to that challenge. It is as much about quality of workmanship as it is about the power of your woman warrior spirit. Use that power to excel yourself to the top.”

In Memory of Vera Jean Eustache May 22, 1956 - March 9, 2006 This is for a very beautiful and very much missed, Mother, grandmother,daughter, sister and a very special friend. It is said that with time it will get easier, but for me the tears still flow and missing her is hard. I know she is always with us and by our side everyday but oh to only see her smiling face and hear her voice again. Love you always and forever The Leech, Ned and Eustache families

We do not need a special day to bring you to our minds. The days we do not think of you are very hard to find Each morning when we awake we know that you are gone And no one knows the heartache as we try to carry on Our hearts still ache with sadness and secret tears still flow What it meant to lose you no one will ever know Our thoughts are always with you, your place no one can fill In life we loved you dearly; in death we love you still There will always be a heartache, and often a silent tear But always a precious memory of the days when you were here If tears would make a staircase, and heartaches make a lane We’d walk the path to heaven, and bring you home again We hold you close within our hearts; and there you will remain To walk with us throughout our lives until we meet again Our family chain is broken now, and nothing seems the same But as God calls us one by one, the chain will link again

My Best Baby Girl, Keiten C Brown, turns Sweet 16 on March 8th. Love you & so Proud of you. Love Mom, Dad & Damon


March edition