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and US$400 million respectively for flood prevention, mitigation of sea level rise and coastal areas reinforcement. By 2024, cities in developing regions will account for 40% of all resilience spending, said the report. Resilience strategies and solutions include many components ranging from detection and prediction via advanced sensors and AI-based analytics to alert systems, evacuation procedures, rescue missions and relief response modes in the immediate aftermath and recovery for survivors and the city as a whole in the longer term. Critical resilience technologies and paradigms include predictive modelling and digital twins (already explored by cities like Cambridge, England and Rotterdam, Netherlands), cybersecurity, redundant infrastructure and system designs, decentralised service provisioning, demand-response optimisation, sharing economy and cross-vertical integration, physical robustness and robotics. Key suppliers of resilience technologies covered in the report include NEC, Bosch and ZTE. Organisations like 100 Resilient Cities (100RC), the United Nations (Making My City

Resilience strategies and solutions include many components ranging from detection and prediction via advanced sensors and AI-based analytics to alert systems, evacuation procedures, rescue missions and relief response modes in the immediate aftermath and recovery for survivors and the city as a whole in the longer term.

Resilient campaign), and the U.S. National League of Cities (Leadership in Community Resilience programme) are promoting best practices for designing resilient cities. “Resilience programmes for dense urban areas are closely linked to sustainability efforts aimed at preventing pollution and mitigating the impact of climate change on flooding and other severe weather conditions. According to Lloyd’s City Risk Index, climate-related risks alone account for US$122.98 billion of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) under threat

for a sample of 279 cities. With cities being centres of economic activity, minimising loss of GDP is the most important incentive and justification for resilience spending in terms of Return on Investment,” Bonte concluded. These findings are from ABI Research’s Resilience Technologies and Approaches for Smart Cities application analysis report. This report is part of the company’s Smart Cities and Smart Spaces research service, which includes research, data and executive foresights. sst

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