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DESCRIPTION OF VOWELS


DESCRIPTION OF VOWELS

POSITION…

PHONETIC SYMBOL

/ iː /

/ɪ /

/ uː /

/ʊ /

NAME

close front unrounded vowel

lax lowered centralized vowel

close back rounded vowel

lax lowered centralized vowel

QUANTITY DESCRIPTION long vowel (subject to lenght variations)

short vowel

long vowel (subject to lenght variations)

short vowel

QUALTITY DESCRIPTION

SPELLING

Position: close, front Lips: spread Tongue: tense, touching the upper molars Jaws: from narrow to medium

-ee -e -ea -ie -ei -i

see these sea piece seize -ey machine

Position: half close, front retracted Lips: loosely spread Tongue: lax, light contact with the upper molars Jaws: from narrow to medium

-i -y -e -ie -a

six city pretty babies village

Position: close, back Lips: rounded Tongue: tense, but no contact with the upper molars Jaws: from narrow to medium

-oo -o -oe -u -ou

food -ue do -ui shoe -ew blue through

Position: half close, back advanced Lips: loosely rounded Tongue: laxy held Jaws: medium

-u -o -oo -ou

pull wolf wood should

key

blue juice blew


/ ɔː /

/ɒ /

/ ɑː /

/ʌ /

/æ/

open-mid back rounded vowel

open back rounded vowel

open back unrounded vowel

long vowel (subject to lenght variations)

Position: mid back Lips: rounded Jaws: from medium to wide

-or horn -aw saw -ou cough -au cause -a all -ore, -oor, -oar, -our

short vowel

Position: open, back Lips: rounding Jaws: from medium to wide

-o -a -ou -ow -au

lock what cough knowledge sausage

Position: open, back Lips: neutrally open Jaws: from medium to wide

-a -ar -ear -er -al -au

pass part heart clerk palm aunt

Position: between open and half-open, central Lips: open Jaws: wide

-u -o -ou -oo -oe

sun won southerm blood does

Position: half open, front Lips: open Jaws: medium to wide

-a -ai

hat plait

long vowel (subject to lenght variations)

open-mid back unrounded vowel

short vowel

raised open front unrounded vowel

long vowel (subject to lengthening before /b, d, g, m, n, dʒ/)


/e /

close-mid front unrounded vowel

/ ɜː /

mid central unrounded vowel

/ə/

mid central unrounded vowel (SHWA)

short vowel

long vowel (subject to lenght variations)

short vowel

Position: front, mid Lips: loosely spread Jaws: medium

-e -ea -a

set death many

Position: mid, central Lips: neutral Jaws: narrow

-ir -yr -er -err -ear -our

first -ur myrth -urr her -wor err earth journey

Position: mid, central (not in final position) open, central (in final position) Lips: neutral

turn purr work

It may be spelt with most vowel letters and their combinations.



VOWELS 2