The American Revolution Journal by: John Walton (loyalist) Sean Wang
Introduction This is a journal written by an imaginary character named John Walton. After witnessing the French Indian war at a young age of 19, John lived happily in Boston as a silversmith. But his world turned upside down when the American revolution started to take action. On 1765, the British parliament decided to passed down the Stamp Act, which was an act that taxed all kinds of paperwork. John was grateful when he heard the news. He was a loyalist. He strongly believed in the British ways of ruling, and respected King George III. John didnâ€™t mind paying the taxes, because he knew it was going to a good cause. However, some refused to pay tax. They were known to be the patriots. When the act was passed down, John quickly realized that something was wrong. He realized that the patriots were planning on a rebellion, one small rebellion that could eventually lead to a revolution. John Walton began to write in his journal. He began to write all about the rebellious actions that the patriots took against the British throughout the whole American Revolution. In his journals, you can hear the strong voice and opinions he has. Lets take a look at some his entries.
The Stamp Act. 1765
The Stamp Act petition
The Sons of Liberty tarring and feathering a tax collector
A Small Rebellion Shouts of rebellion and the cries of revolution echoes throughout the Bostonian streets. Violence, chaos, and destruction are slowly tearing up the relationship between us colonists and the fellow British. The patriots need to stop with their selfish actions. Cause if they don't, we’re going to end up in a war with Britain… Two weeks ago the British parliament passed down another act called The Stamp Act, which stated that all paperwork had to be taxed and stamped before it was approved. Newspapers, marriage licenses, wills, diplomas, land deeds, everything that had writing on it; I thought that it was a great idea. Why not make our colonies more official when you have the chance to? It would improve the economy, improve the society, and furthermore, make the respected King George III look even better! As I gathered my papers and headed towards the houses of the tax collectors, I heard a horrifying scream. As I rushed over, I saw some of the most terrifying things that I’ve ever seen in my life. Five cruel Bostonian men who call themselves “The Sons of Liberty” were pouring burning hot tar over a naked tax collector, causing blisters to form all over his body. The five men then covered the tax collector with feathers from a pillow, making him look like a dumb chicken. Finally they shoved his face into a pot full of tea, causing him to choke and suffocate. I couldn’t believe what I saw, I yelled at the five men to stop but they didn’t listen. 10 minutes later, they finally stopped harassing the poor guy and left with the words, “No voice, no taxation.”
Before the Stamp Act, there were many other acts such as the Quarter Act, the Navigation Act, and the Sugar Act. The Quarter Act stated that all colonists had to provide a redcoat/British soldier a place to stay. the Navigation Act stated that all products had to be either sold, or bought from Britain, and that trading with other countries was not allowed. Finally, the Sugar Act, which raised the tax for all British products. These acts definitely got the patriots really mad, but it didn’t bother me very much. All the taxes were going to a good cause, so why must the others still rebel? “No voice, no taxation” After thinking about this phrase over and over my head for a solid two weeks, I finally understand the patriotic point of view. To the patriots, The Stamp Act seemed like the death of liberty. They thought that it was unfair for them to not have a say in the acts but to still have to obey them. I guess they have a point, but I trust the British, I believe that they are doing this for our good. Anyway, the patriots really need to stop with their bloody actions. It’s outrageous and Boston is in total chaos. This has to stop now!
The Boston Massacre. March 5th 1770
Paul Revereâ€™s engraving of the Boston Massacre
Captain Thomas Preston
The Bloody Massacre Roughly about 5 years ago, the British parliament passed down The Stamp Act, making many of the patriots rage in anger. Riots broke out, and angry men formed a group called the Sons of Liberty. They tarred and feathered the tax collectors to punish them. Every single day, I pray that the patriots will stop. I pray that we can have peace with Britain. But that hasn’t happened, even now. Day by day, the situation got worse, conflict between the two countries increased at a surprising rate. And finally, a week ago, something terrible happened, something I will never forget the Boston Massacre. Rumors say, it all started when a young boy threw a snowball at one of the redcoats. After the Stamp Act, many of the patriots started hating on the heroic guards called the redcoats, who protected our colonies. Even the children would call them names such as “Lobster backs”, throw garbage at them, and gather groups and chuck snowballs at their faces! Anyways, the poor redcoat who got hit with the snowball apparently busted into anger and hit the child. The boy ran away, but later on came back with a group of friends. They made oyster shell snowballs and started throwing them at various guards. All the shouting and yelling woke many of us up. I quickly ran out of my house to see what was going on. There was a group of patriots surrounding 13 innocent redcoats, all throwing snowballs and yelling insults at them. “Lousy rascal!” “Bloody backs!” Oh how sorry I felt for those poor guards. They were the people who protected all of us, but at the same time were the people who got treated the most unfairly! Once again, when the situation got worse, the brave Captain Thomas Preston came out and warned the patriots to stop. However, none of them listened, instead the malicious patriots started to hit the guards with rocks and clubs!
I couldn't take it anymore, so I started to run back home. Then all of a sudden there was a bang. I looked back and saw someone collapse. Another bang, another dead body. Three more bangs, and the crowd was gone. 5 red bodies covered King Street, tears rushed down my cheeks. I just couldn't believe how something could get out of control so easily. It’s been a whole week now since the Boston Massacre and the patriots are already planning to break away from Britain. Honestly, I think the word ‘massacre’ is an exaggeration. Only 5 people died, and they “kind of” deserved the death. It seems as if the patriots are using this event as an excuse to hate the British even more. This event has definitely made the relationship between us colonists and the British a lot worse. As a strong willed loyalist, I hope that this can still be fixed. I hope that we can have peace with the British and I hope that we won’t have to go through war.
Battle of Lexington and Concord. April 19th 1775
The minuteman and the redcoats fighting in Lexington
Major John Buttrick
The Battle Begins Roughly about 5 years ago, the Boston Massacre occurred. Since then on, things between us colonists and the fellow British have gotten out of control. As a 40-year-old silversmith, I thought that I had already witnessed enough. I’ve been through the French Indian War, the tarring and feathering, the Boston Massacre, and finally the Boston Tea Party. However, when I thought that there was no worse, I was wrong. 2 weeks ago, there was a battle between the colonists and the British in both Lexington and Concord. My nightmare had finally come true, the Americans and the British had declared war on each other. . . . Loud beatings of the drums and the tolling of the church bells woke me up from my deep slumber. Through the cracks of the broken walls, I saw men dig up clubs and muskets from haystacks. “The regulars are out!” they yelled. It was the signal that Paul Revere created, the signal for when the British arrived. I quickly got up and rushed over to my ill sister, Daniela. Over the past few days, I had heard rumors about how the British were going to come to Lexington to fix things up. The patriots said that General Gage was secretly planning to finish off the 2 leaders of the Sons of Liberty, Samuel Adams and John Hancock. Knowing that my sister was already in a bad condition, I decided to come over from Boston to keep her company.
When the redcoats finally arrived, 80 minutemen, men that have been elected to fight, were waiting for them on an open grass field. I secretly hid behind the bushes on top of a hill to see for my self what was going to happen. “Lay down your arms!” British officer Major John Pitcairn yelled. But the stubborn minutemen did not listen. Instead they just stood there and glowered at the redcoats as if they have taken away their liberty. The patriots are out of their minds! Britain has the strongest army in the whole wide world, and trying to fight them off is comparable to adding fuel onto a burning flame! Suddenly, out of nowhere, a musket was fired. The smell of gunpowder tingled my wrinkly nose. Shot after shot, the defining noise ringed through my ears and my vision went blur. When the smoke cleared and when my vision came back, 8 minutemen were lying dead on their backs, 10 were wounded, and the rest were running for cover. As I have expected, the British won. 8 men had just died for nothing. The next day, something completely unexpected happened. The newspapers were talking about another battle in Concord. Apparently, after the battle in Lexington, the redcoats marched into Concord and burnt the liberty pole down. The minuteman; however, didn’t give up. Under the command of Major John Buttrick, they followed the redcoats down to Concord and had another battle. The newspaper stated that they had almost won, but the British got lucky because a British officer named Lord Percy had arrived with 1000 fresh troops. The mighty Britain had almost lost to the patriots. What scares me the most is the fact that the British almost lost. If the patriots won their independence, I am afraid that everything would fall apart. Why can’t the rebels understand? We need Britain to survive. We need their resources, laws, and most important of all, we need their leadership. My diary, I can only pray now that the patriots would fail, I must take action and start fixing things up. John Walton
The Declaration of Independence July 7th 1776
Thomas Jefferson The Declaration of Independence
Independence & Liberty “We are Independent!” The annoying laughter and cheers of the Patriots has been around the streets for days now since the declaration of independence. After all the bloody battles that they had fought, the determined patriots had finally succeeded in kicking the British out. Subsequently, on July 2nd, the Continental Congress approved the declaration of independence. America is now an independent country. I’m quite disappointed, but I don’t feel the anger inside of me. All these years I have been loyal to Britain, but now, I don’t think of my self as a loyalist anymore. Now that I look back, maybe the patriots were right from the very start. Maybe the British really did take away our liberty. The Quartering Act, the Navigation Act, the Stamp Act, and the Intolerable Acts that came along might have all been a way for Britain to spoil itself. All the taxes that I’ve paid over the years might have been the money King George III used to buy his fancy clothes and luxuries. I was stupid. How had I not realized that we were being treated like slaves? We were living a life without liberty, a life where we had no rights. After the battle that happened in Lexington and Concord, I started taking actions that would help to sustain peace between the colonies and Britain. About 11 month ago on May 10th 1775, the delegates in the Second Continental Congress helped many of the loyalists including my self, by creating the Olive Branch Petition. This petition was our last hope to fix things up peacefully. What I didn’t expect to happen was that King George III didn’t even agree to look at the petition! Instead, he readied his forces for war. It was from this point that I started to wonder, started to wonder about my loyalty. Was the king really that cruel? Was he really just a jerk after all?
When the congress heard news about the British invading, they quickly united and prepared for war. They authorized the creation of the regular army and appointed George Washington as the general. Once they were prepared, they started to discuss about independence. After a long debate, the congress appointed a committee to write the declaration, and a man named Thomas Jefferson wrote it. Although I have lost a little hope in the mighty Britain, I believe that there is still chance to destroy the patriots. There is still a chance for the British to prove me right, prove to me that my loyalty was true. My diary, do not forget that the British has the strongest army in the world. They can easily annihilate the rebellious Americans, and teach them a lesson. Teach them that they still wonâ€™t be ready to rebel even after a million years!
Surrender at Yorktown. October 19th 1781
The British army surrendering to the American army
A New World The smell of fiery whiskey lingered through out my bedroom. Now I finally understand the taste of bitter lost. I have been thirsty for peace and victory all this time, but that never seemed like a possibility. 2 weeks ago, all was lost. The war had finally come to an end. October 19th 1781 marked the event called the Surrender at Yorktown. This was the day when Britain surrendered to the Americans. America was no longer under the rule of the Great Britain. Instead, they were on their own now; the patriots had won their independence. Roughly about 5 months ago, after conducting a series of raids against towns and plantations in Virginia, the British commander Lieutenant General Lord Cornwallis decided to take camp on the Yorktown peninsula. He had made a huge mistake. He had chosen a location where the only way to escape was through the Chesapeake Bay or by land. When the news spread, George Washington, and the French commander, Count de Rochambeau, came together and decided to use this opportunity to defeat the British. It was their final chance, their final bits of hope. In order to siege the British army that consisted of 8,000 men, the rebellions needed to have military in both land and sea. The Continental army joined the French army and formed a powerful force that consisted of 7,500 total soldiers. While these men were marching towards Yorktown, the French navy, led by Coute de Grasse formed a barricade at Chesapeake Bay to prevent the British from getting supplies and reinforcements. I was furious when I heard of this. It was unfair. Honestly I was a little afraid, afraid that the British might loose.
Shot after shot, bomb after bomb, the bloody battle continued for 3 long weeks. Although both sides lost a numerous amount of their valuable soldiers, the number of death in the British army was higher. Finally on October 19th 1781, Cornwallis surrendered to Washington, ending the War for Independence. When I heard this news, my body just went numb. Although I knew that the Americans were going to win one day, I did not know what I had in plan. It was all over, what do I do now? It’s been 2 weeks now since the Surrender at Yorktown and everything seems to have already changed, everything just felt so different. The people on the streets, the products in the shops, even I seemed to have changed a little. I still have not yet been able to take in the fact that we are no longer under the control of the King. Instead, words like “democracy” were whispered all around the streets. My dear diary, I must move on. Stop drinking and stop looking back. Forget about the past, and live a life where I don’t have to worry about anything. A free life…
Conclusion Although it may seem like a simple event, the American Revolution was one of the most important revolutions throughout history. You may still be wondering why it was so important. What changed and remained the same after the revolution? How did the revolution affect the world? How is this event similar and different from events that occur today? â€˘
First of all, the American Revolution had both short-term and long-term effects. The long-term effects after the revolution was that a new form of government was formed. This form of government called democracy, is a type of ruling where the people unite as a one and rule themselves. This form of government has changed many peopleâ€™s lives significantly and still continues to do so to this day. Another example of an long term effect was the French Revolution. After the French saw what the Americans did, they also started to fight for their own freedom, and have changed France forever. Some shortterm effects from the American Revolution was the Bill of Rights which was passed down in 1791. Some of the rights included the freedom of speech, the right to peacefully protest, and the right to a fair trial. These rights were, and still are, guaranteed to all U.S. citizens.
Through out the American Revolution, many things changed, while others stayed the same. One of the most obvious changes was that America had become an independent country after the revolution. They were able to throw off the monarch ruling by the British, and form a new type of government called a democracy. Another change was that the American citizens started to gain more rights. As I have stated earlier, the Bill of Rights allowed all American citizens to have a voice. Although there were many positive changes, some negative things continued to stay the same. For example, the segregation between the whites and the blacks. The blacks were still treated unfairly and had little rights compared to the whites. Slavery didnâ€™t end either.
Finally, the American Revolution is an important event because it can teach the future generations about many things. In fact, the times of the American Revolution have similarities and differences to our modern society. If you compare the old America to the America now, one of the first things you will realize is the way the whites treat the blacks. Right now in America, there is no longer slavery, and the blacks have gained as much rights as the whites. This is a very important change because it teaches us the idea about equality and how we are all human. Some similarities are the way the laws are created. Both the present and the past America have a congress that comes up with laws.
The American Revolution was indeed a very important revolution throughout history. It changed the lives of the Americans forever, and it also affected the world in many different ways.
Bibliography • "Stamp Act 1765." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 21 Feb. 2014. Web. 26 Feb. 2014. • "Project Guidelines." RevolutionaryVoices. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. • "Boston Massacre Historical Society." Boston Massacre Historical Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. • "TRW172- Major John Buttrick, Mass. Minuteman 1775." TRW172- Major John Buttrick, Mass. Minuteman 1775. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. • "Transition Culture." Transition Culture RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. • "Thomas Jefferson Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. • "George Washington." George Washington. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2014.