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SEAN LYONS UNDERGRADUATE PORTFOLIO LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE


SEAN LYONS THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY BLA / LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE / DECEMBER 2013 SP.LYONS2@gmail.com (484) 883.8362


CONTENTS + MERCAT LA BARCELONETA / BARCELONA, SPAIN + BROOKLYN TECH TRIANGLE / BROOKLYN, NY + TRINITY CHURCH CEMETERY / MANHATTAN, NY + EAST BEAVER AVENUE / STATE COLLEGE, PA + WALKER RESIDENCE / CENTREVILLE, DE + CAMPUS PLAZA / STATE COLLEGE, PA + CONNECT 5 / KILOMBERO VALLEY, TANZANIA PROJECT SCALE

1 9 15 19 23 27 29


MERCAT LA BARCELONETA

SEAFRONT MARKET / BARCELONA, SPAIN + TYLER LARSEN La Barceloneta, the characteristic fishing neighborhood adjacent to Port Olimpic, is a threshold of culture between Barcelona’s resident and tourist population. Three systems of movement - the gridded Barceloneta, the Passeig Maritim, and the Barceloneta Beach - provide a base for an operative map that reveals new realities and patterns of movement throughout the area. The resultant opportunity areas are designed to intertwine each of these three systems, literally reintroducing the Mediterranean Sea into La Barceloneta and increasing the pedestrian spontaneity that is so indicitave of successful urban design. Through a “push-pull” gesture, the Passeig Maritim promenade is broken, and new experiences of the beach and marketplace are created. Finally, a collection of surface typologies further defines the new life of the Barceloneta market. Each typology stems from the same fluid design (in materiality and form), but they also gesture toward new areas of activity. The market becomes not only a place for trade, but for sitting, seeing, playing,and relaxing,

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OPERATIVE MAPPING LA BARCELONETA

PASSEIG MARITIM

movement line desire line origen point MOVEMENT DENSITY


BARCELONETA BEACH

Opportunity areas identified at the frontage between the Passeig Maritim and the Barceloneta Beach indicate where to pull the promenade out to the beach and where to push (underpass) through into the market site.

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DIRECTIONAL MOVEMENT

PROMENADE CONCEPT

MARKET STRUCTURE CONCEPT SEATING TYPOLOGIES

STEPPED TERRACES

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SITE PLAN

1:1000

4


SURFACE TYPOLOGIE

MARKET/TERRACE CONSTRUCTION Surface typologies intended for seating, planting, stepping and a variety of other uses. While some are intended for the edges of the market terraces (seating benches and planters), other work more as objects (tree planters, fountains) and the market booth unit houses the market itself.

LONDON PLANE

BOOTH

SEA

TABLE

BEN

FOUNTAIN

REC

PLANTER

STA

WALL PLANTER

MARKET SPACE

STAIRS SURFACE PLANTER CIP SEATING BENCH

5

FOUNTAIN (VIA OCEAN AQUEDUCT)


ES

AT

NCH

CLINE

AIR

6


7


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BROOKLYN TECH TRIANGLE SITE DESIGN + STRATEGY

In response to booming tech development within three central neighborhoods of Brooklyn, the “tech triangle” has come to define the intangible relationships that thrive among DUMBO, Downtown, and the Navy Yard. An RFP issued by the Tech Triangle Task force calls for ideas to “develop a plan for an ‘innovation district’ or ‘urban lab’ that utilizes underdeveloped landscape to create demonstration projects that test groundbreaking technologies in clean energy, public engagement, transportation and infrastructure.” The _urbanlab design focuses on a site specific reclamation of the Brooklyn Navy Yard Memorial Hospital, but also develops a malleable model for other vacant areas of Brooklyn. Revitalizing open spaces to initiate social interaction will be crucial as relationships become less tangible in the face of tech development. Therefore, activating connective pedestrian corridors utilizing the _urbanlab strategy will liven these connective lines between tech hotspots, and promote creative interaction amongst the Brooklyn community. DUMBO DOWNTOWN NAVY YARD

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URBAN LAB SITE PLAN

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11


existing tree grove

upper tree grove

terraced agriculture transverse path stepped lawn

Media cube / tower: upholding culture through active demonstration and public engagement. serves as a continuous and functional element throughout the tech triangle, initiating connections between the Navy Yard, Downtown and DUMBO.

Consistent species and planting styles throughout _urbanlab lots accent structural components, but also serve as a softscaped wayfinder.

12


Brooklyn Greenway Initiative Tech corridors / connections

3 2

1

713


4 Brooklyn Greenway Initiative

Revitalized vacant lot

Revitalized vacant lot

Tech Triangle connectivity

1] program: the tech triangle model repurposes vacant lots throughout the Navy Yard, Downtown and DUMBO, and proposes a flexible, non-intrusive program for each location. The media cube concept manifests tech connections that were previously intangible. 2] signage: in cooperation with the Brooklyn Greenway Initiative, a new “tech way� will link the three neighborhoods through improved streetscape, bike lanes and wayfinding signage, denoting repurposed open space and pedestrian friendly areas. 3] lighting: formal lighting strategies present a unique opportunity to characterize each new open space throughout the tech triangle. As active neighborhoods, open spaces in the Navy Yard, Downtown and DUMBO should remain accessible and safe during evening hours. 4] form: characteristic planting and landscape forms will identify reclaimed open spaces and contribute to the formation of tech corridors that connect each area and encourage social experience and movement.

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ST. PAUL’S CHAPEL CEMETERY

HISTORIC CEMETERY PRESERVATION / MANHATTAN, NY MATHEWS NIELSEN LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS Situated three blocks north of Wall St. on Broadway, St. Paul’s Chapel was completed in 1766 and remains one of New York City’s oldest operational churches. It’s proximity to the former World Trade Center marked it as a memorial destination, in response to the pivotal role it played immediately following the events of 9/11. Because the chapel is located central to Lower Manhattan, however, it sees a significant amount of visitor pedestrian traffic daily. As a churchyard and cemetery, both aesthetic and functional aspects of the site have been compromised as a result. Surface water flow has eroded soils around site pathways, compacting the ground and preventing additional grass and/or groundcover from growing. Additionally, there is a lack of functioning irrigation and a low availability of sunlight due to mature tree growth. Working with Trinity Church, Mathews Nielsen developed three strategies to remediate the site and return it to it’s original state. The project required significant historical, topographical, and vegetative analyses. Each strategy aims to restore the original character of the St. Paul’s site to preserve it’s importance as a timeless NYC landmark into the future.

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SITE SECTION

Broadway

Church St. 1895

1920(s)

1920(s)

1940(s)

1970

2013

2013

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SURFACE CONDITIONS

SITE CONSIDERATIONS Vegetation + shade

HIstorical hydology / geology

Enclosure + access

Circulation

Chapel structure

Site context

+23.5

17

+15

Slope Priority erosion areas


SURFACE PRESERVATION STRATEGY CONDITION

SOLUTION

ROOT COMPACTION

AERATION

EROSIVE SLOPES

COIR LOG

PATHWAY FLOW

REGRADING

Along perimiter walls of the churchyard, as well as to the east end (Church St.) of the site, there is significant evidence of surface erosion. A lack of stable groundcover and structured drainage has increased water flow along slopes, further compacting soil and eroding the grade. The density of mature trees throughout the site supports an extensive root system that has compacted the soil and made the churchyard condusive to overland water flow. Additionally, overhead shade prevents sunlight from catalyzing groundcover growth and re-establishing more porous soils that absorb water.

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EAST BEAVER AVENUE

COMMUNITY REDEVELOPMENT / STATE COLLEGE, PA + BRIAN KELLY, TOM LAURO, CHRIS SWANTZ

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Open space Stormwater managment

Commercial development

NITTANY VILLAGE

S

STORMWATER RETENTION

Circulation

GREAT LAWN

The East Beaver Avenue site redesign, located in State College, PA, required significant site analysis throughout concept development. With a relatively urbanized core center, State College continues to harbor downtown mixeduse development. However, sites on the fringe of the borough, such as East Beaver, are perforated in density and are aesthetically sparse. To combat this lack of density and character, the site redesign aimed to incorporate five central foundations essential to a healthy neighborhood. The program identified mixed-use development as a priority; commercial development, paired with community and interaction would help establish a walkable, densely populated locale.

Community / interaction


DEVELOPMENT PHASES

S PLAZA RAIN GARDEN

ENTRANCE PLAZA

S

Mixed Use Residential

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DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

DESIGN DETAILING

SPATIAL DEFINITION

BUILDING MASSING

GREAT LAWN

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NITTANY VILLAGE

CENTRAL PLAZA


CENTRAL PLAZA SITE PLAN

PROFORMA HIGHLIGHTS

1” = 40’ 0”

HOUSING TYPE / #

AFFORDABILITY

DUPLEX / 7 SMALL APT. / 8 MEDIUM APT. / 1 LARGE APT. / 1 SMALL MIXED USE / 13 MEDIUM MIXED USE / 3

HIGH INCOME UPPER INCOME MIDDLE INCOME LOW INCOME AFFORDABLE STUDENT

type

IMPROVED OPEN SPACE: 236,449 ft. ² (79%) UNIMPROVED OPEN SPACE: 61,000 ft. ² (21%)

units

4 30 37 37 45 99

%

4 10 16 19 17 34

PROFIT: $17,560,564 ROI: 7%

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WALKER RESIDENCE

CONCEPT POOL DESIGN / CENTREVILLE, DE PETER JACKSON ASSOCIATES The Walker Residence project required extensive program analysis, but allowed for a variety of pool concepts to be developed throughout the design process. Because the client was open to something “different,� Peter Jackson Associates worked to conceptualize a pool that quite literally operated outside of the box. Existing site topography allowed the pool design(s) to elevate outward from the ground plane. The result was a pronounced edge, revealed sharply from the surrounding landscape. Material pallettes were kept simple to allow the landscape to compliment the use of moving water and concrete. The shape and size were determined by one sole programmatic need - lap swimming - and the aesthetic and operational details were left to conceptualization.

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A

B

24


A

B

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CAMPUS PLAZA

STRUCTURAL SOILS + CONSTRUCTION / STATE COLLEGE, PA Formally, the gridded tree plaza is a strict definition of a landscape, and confines tree specimens to order and structure among the built environment. In a campus setting, it provides spatial enclosure, and welcomes pedestrian traffic as an edge between outdoor and indoor spaces. In materiality, the plaza functions under much of the same contrast. Because trees are denied acess to expansive soils (vertically and horizontally), and paving / stonework often weigh heavily on their root systems, supportive underground systems have developed to elongate and strengthen growth potential. The campus plaza design operates on a relatively simple gridded structure, but offers an alternative method of tree specimen support and irrigation.

STAMPED CONCRETE TREE GRATE 4’ x 4’ 4” CONCRETE SLAB 6” COMPACTED AGGREGATE

STRATA CELL

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IRRIGATION, 6” PIPE ROOT BALL + ANCHOR STRAPS


PAVEMENT DETAILS VERTICAL SURFACE BRICK PAVERS HAND TIGHT, SAND SWEPT JOINTS

1/2” EXPANSION JOINT AT ALL VERTICAL SURFACES 1” SAND SETTING BED MIN. 4” CONCRETE SLAB COMPACTED AGGREGATE BASE COMPACTED SUBGRADE

BRICK PAVER AT CIP CONCRETE

1/2” EXPANSION JOINT W. STAINLESS STEEL DOWELL, 2” DIAMETER x 12” LENGTH

PRE CAST CONCRETE COPING 1/2” EPOXY COATED REBAR PINS, 2 FOR COPING PIECE

VERTICAL BARS

CIP CONCRETE FOOTING COMPACTED AGGREGATE BASE COMPACTED SUBGRADE

PLAZA SEATING WALL

17

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CONNECT 5

REGIONAL PLANNING + ECOTOURISM / KILOMBERO VALLEY, TANZANIA + CHRIS MAURER The Udzungwa Mountains National Park has great unrealized potential for ecotourism, associated with the high levels of plant and animal biodiversity the area houses. As a rugged mountain landscape, the area offers an exploratory and somewhat unpredictable experience to those who do visit. In the greater scheme of tourism, however, the Udzungwa Mountains remain relatively hidden and inaccessible from larger points of interest within Tanzania such as Dar es Salaam, the “northern circuit� of wildlife tourism, and even smaller regional cities such as Morogoro. Meanwhile, rapid rural and agricultural developments pose increasing threats to the biological health of the Udzungwas and adjacent natural areas. As these issues continue to encroach on the region, a comprehensive solution needs to address the economic and biological challenges that face the Udzungwa Mountains and their potential as a profitable national park experience. Connect 5 aims to establish links between the Udzungwa Mountains and surrounding areas that sustain biodiversity and stimulate local economies. Divided into two parts, Connect 5 is composed of a site specific case study (between the Selous Game Reserve and the Udzungwa Mountains National Park, through the Magombera Forest) and a larger, regional economic model. Part 2 aims to supplement Part 1 as a base for environmental and economic gain. Graphic courtesy of group member

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Udzungwa Mountai NP


Ha

nn t Co bita

ppor tu n ity e c ti on O

Magombera Forest

r

ra Corrido

Magombe

ins

2

30


CONNECTION CONCEPT

SUITABILITY LAYERS Existing roads

Udzungwa Mountains NP

Population centers Kilombero Sugar Agricultural land Magombera Forest Point of Interest

Remaining forest patches UMNP frontal boundary AOI

Magombera Forest

Because the two protected areas in mention are so geographically close, the corridor holds particular importance for the connection of endemic species and interaction between groups of larger migratory animals. Heavy agricultural development currently impedes the path of any potential connection, but careful and participatory land planning will provide an opportunity for reforestation and habitat regrowth.

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Udzungwa Mountains National Park

Mikumi National Mikumi National Park Park

Magombera Forest


l

SUITABILITY ANALYSIS

ADDITIVE METHODS Value 11(-)

Legend Agricultural Land

12

Proposed Udzungwa Link

13

Proposed Selous Link

14 15

Additive Planning Areas

16

Existing Forest

17

Population Center

18

Kilombero Sugar

19 20 21(+)

The results of the suitability analysis show that some areas are more poised for regrowth than others. Regrowth of forest patches in the specified areas will serve as a launching point for full corridor connection. The proposed corridor aims to reallocate as little private land as possible. By extending the Selous Game Reserve and Udzungwa Mountains National Park to a mid-point will guarantee future connection of the Magombera corridor.

Traditional human/wildlife conflict strategies utilize preventative measures to mitigate crop loss and land damage. An additive design concept implements favorable crops along a buffer area around the proposed corridor and population centers to promote wildlife move- ment and prevent human/wildlife conflicts.

-

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CIRCUIT BRANDING Bench

Marker

Observation Point

Udzungwa Mountains NP Ma

go

eta

g Mn

Waypoint Connectivity

mb

era

Udzungwa Scarp

Magombera Forest Nyan ganje

(link

a

ed)

Ruip

Kilombero Valley

(linked)

Mikumi NP/ Selous GR

34


Southern Tanzania is home to numerous attractions that offer unique opportunities for environmental tourism, many of which showcase endemic habitats and biodiversity hotspots. A cohesive Southern Circuit for ecotourism will offer visitors opportunities to: • Explore biodiversity hotspots • Hike, camp, swim, canoe, photograph, etc. • View numerous endemic species UDZUNGWA MOUNTAINS NP • Navigate through a variety of trails • Explore a wide range of ecosystems • Experience local culture • Learn about and appreciate the natural environment • Understand the importance of wildlife corridors

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MIKUMI NP

MAGOMBERA FOREST

UDZUNGWA SCARP

SELOUS GR

KILOMBERO VALLEY

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THANKS!

SEAN LYONS THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY BLA / LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE / DECEMBER 2013 SP.LYONS2@gmail.com (484) 883.8362


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