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No. 169

SEA HISTORY

WINTER 2019–20

CONTENTS

18 The Catalpa Incident: An American Whaler Getaway Vessel and Australia’s Most Daring Prison Break, by Erika Cosme Escaping from Australia’s Fremantle Prison seemed an implausible idea, but a team of American and Irish rebels set a meticulous plan in motion and bided their time to pull off the impossible.

matson, inc.

12 A Century of the Jones Act, by Salvatore R. Mercogliano, PhD Maritime historian and former merchant mariner Salvatore Mercogliano tells the story of the straits the US was in when foreign-flagged vessels were no longer carrying cargo after the start of the First World War, and makes the case for preserving the Jones Act.

12 falmouth historical society

24 “When We See Whales”—Transcribing Captain Lawrence’s Logbook, by Mia Sigler Mia Sigler offers us a student’s perspective on studying the logbooks of whaling captain Lewis H. Lawrence while retracing part of his journey off the coast of New Zealand. 30 Fighting Head Winds, Not Windshields, by Joel Stone Did the automobile put the steamship out of business? Detroit historian and curator Joel Stone argues that this long accepted assumption is a false narrative.

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36 Jacob Lawrence: The American Struggle, by Whitney Van Dyke For the first time in 60 years, the paintings from Jacob Lawrence’s celebrated series, Struggle: From the History of the American People (1954–56), are reunited in a national exhibition, curated by the Peabody Essex Museum in Salem, Massachusetts. Lawrence’s 30 dramatic panels interpret pivotal moments in the American Revolution and the early decades of the Republic.

42 A False Economy: The Coast Guard’s Largest Single-handed Seizure During Prohibition, by CAPT Daniel A. Laliberte, USCG (Ret.) Ensign Charles Duke, USCG, got word that rum runners would be attempting to smuggle alcohol into the Port of New York on July Fourth weekend, 1927. Would he be able to spot them—or apprehend them—in the middle of a dark and stormy night?

detroit historical society

40 A Constitution Yarn, Untangled, by William H. White Have you heard the one about Constitution’s maiden voyage and a remarkable quantity of wine and spirits? Maritime historian and author Bill White would like to set the record straight.

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museum of fine arts, boston

Cover: Liberty Bay, Painting by Patrick O’Brien. (See article on the 100th anniversary of the Merchant Marine Act of 1920, a.k.a. the Jones Act, pp. 12–16.)

DEPARTMENTS 4 Deck Log 5 Letters 8 NMHS: A Cause in Motion 38 Marine Art News 46 Sea History for Kids

50 Ship Notes, Seaport & Museum News 57 Calendar 58 Maritime History on the Internet 59 Reviews 64 Patrons

Sea History and the National Maritime Historical Society Sea History e-mail: seahistory@gmail.com; NMHS e-mail: nmhs@seahistory.org; Website: www.seahistory.org. Ph: 914 737-7878; 800 221-NMHS MEMBERSHIP is invited. Afterguard $10,000; Benefactor $5,000; Plankowner $2,500; Sponsor $1,000; Donor $500; Patron $250; Friend $100; Regular $35. All members outside the USA please add $20 for postage. Sea History is sent to all members. Individual copies cost $4.95.

36 SEA HISTORY (issn 0146-9312) is published quarterly by the National Maritime Historical Society, 5 John Walsh Blvd., POB 68, Peek­skill NY 10566 USA. Periodicals postage paid at Peeks­kill NY 10566 and add’l mailing offices. COPYRIGHT © 2019 by the National Maritime Historical Society. Tel: 914  737-7878. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Sea History, PO Box 68, Peekskill NY 10566.

NATIONAL MARITIME HISTORICAL SOCIETY

Sea History 169 - Winter 2019-2020  

12 A Century of the Jones Act, by Salvatore R. Mercogliano, PhD • 18 The Catalpa Incident: An American Whaler Getaway Vessel and Australia’s...

Sea History 169 - Winter 2019-2020  

12 A Century of the Jones Act, by Salvatore R. Mercogliano, PhD • 18 The Catalpa Incident: An American Whaler Getaway Vessel and Australia’s...