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REVIEWS New& Noted H e studied rhe reasons rhar rhe encounrer between Spaniards and nari ve peoples in Alaska did nor end in the customary destrucrion of rhe narives. Ausrralian researcher Robert King (Narional Library, Canberra) examined rhe expedirion led by Alexandro Malaspina to New Zealand and New Sourh Wales in 1793. There is a marked conrras t between the scientific voyage of d iscovery to New Zealand, which included graviry experimenrs, and rhe geopoliti cal focus of rh e "discoveries" in Ausrralia. Dr. Francisco Xavier Balmi s led a global medical mission, ordered by King C harles IV, in 1803 to vaccinare native peoples and others in Larin America and Asia againsr smallpox. The vaccine (cowpox) discovered by English doctor Edwa rd Jenner could nor be preserved on long voyages, so Balmis used orphan boys as human carriers. Thomas Colvin (cultural histo rian living in the Philippines and

Mexico), focused his chaprer on rhe expedirion to rhe Phi lippin es. San Diego Srate Universiry historian Stephen Colsto n wrore the concluding chapter on rhe bibliographer H enry R. Wagner. Wagner was an exrrao rdinary collector and importanr aurhor. His masrerpiece, 1he Cartography of the Northwest Coast ofAmerica to 1800 (2 vols.; 1937). A founder of rhe California Historical Sociery in 1922, he became inrrigued with the question of Sir Francis Drake and rhe early discovery of Californ ia. His legacy to carrographic scholarship includes the H enry R. Wagner Coll ection ar rhe C laremont Colleges. Ray Ashley srares rhar ro undersrand the modern wo rld, one needs an understanding of maririme history. Readers of Spain's Legacy in the Pacific will find opportun iries ro explore rhat assertion. TIMOTHY

J. R UNYAN

G reenville, North Carolina

A Berth to Bermuda: 100 Years of the World's Classic Ocean Race by John Rousmaniere (Mys tic Seaporr and the C ruising Club of America, 208pp, ISB N : 0-9395 11 -17-7; $50hc) Cuba, America and the Sea: 1he Story of the Immigrant Boat Analuisa and 5 00 Years ofHistory Between Cuba and America by Eric Roorda (Mystic Seaport, l 73 pp, ISBN: 0-9395 10-98-7; $34.95 N o Tombstones in the Sea: A Voyage Back to Hell by Dan Keo ugh (Rosedog Books, Pirrsburgh, PA, 2005, 54lpp, ISBN 0-8 059-9827-6; $4 1pb) Simple Courage: A True Story of Peril on the Sea by Frank Delaney (Random H ouse, New York, 2006, 300pp, ISBN: 1-4000-6524-0; $24.95 hc) Cradle of Violence: How Boston's waterfront M obs Ignited the American Revolution by Russell Bourne (John Wiley & Sons, 272pp, ISBN: 0-47 167551-2; $24.95 hc)

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SEA HISTORY 116, AUTUMN 2006

Sea History 116 - Autumn 2006  

10 Heroes of the Sailing Navy: Stephen Decatur Jr., by William H. White • 16 "Black Hands, Blue Seas:" Sailmaker James Forten by Deirdre O'...

Sea History 116 - Autumn 2006  

10 Heroes of the Sailing Navy: Stephen Decatur Jr., by William H. White • 16 "Black Hands, Blue Seas:" Sailmaker James Forten by Deirdre O'...

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