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ISSN 0 146-93 12

No. 48

SEA HISTORY

OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE WORLD SHIP TRUST

SEA HISTORY is publi shed quarterl y by the Natio nal Maritime Hi storica l Soc iety, 132 Maple Street, Croton-on-Hudson, NY 10520. S e ~o nd cl ass postage paid at Croton-on-Hudson , NY 10520. POSTMASTER : Send address changes to Sea History, 132 Maple Street, Croton , NY 10520. COPYRIGHT © 1988 by the Nati onal Maritime Hi storical Soc iety. Te l. 9 14 27 1-2 177. MEMBERSHIP is invited _Plankowner $ 10,000; Benefactor $5,000; Sponsor $ 1,000; Donor $500; Su staining Patron $250; Patron $ 100; Contributor $50; Famil y $35; Regular $25; Student or Retired $ 12.50. All members outside the USA please add $5 fo r postage. SEA HISTORY is sent to all members. Indi vidual copies cost $2.75. OFFICERS & TR USTEES are Chairman , James P. McAlli ster; Vice Chairmen, Al an G. Choate, James Ean, Schuyler M. Meyer, Jr. ; President, Peter Stanford ; Vice President, Nonna Stanford; Secretary, Spencer Smith; Treasurer, Robert W. Elli ott , lll ; Trnstees, Henry H. Anderson, Jr., Alan G. Choate, Ro bert W. Elliott , lll , Karl Kortum , Richardo Lo pes, Robert J. Lowen, James P. McAlli ster, Schuyler M. Meyer, Jr., Richard l. Morris, Nancy Pouch, Ludwig K. Rubinsky, Spencer Smith, Peter Stanford; Chairman Emeritus, Karl Ko rtum ; President Emeritus, Alan D. Hutchison. OVERSEERS: Chairman , Henry H. Anderson, Jr. ; Charles F. Adams, Townsend Horn or, George Lamb, Cliffo rd D. Mallo ry, Schuyler M. Meyer, Jr., J. Wi ll iam Middendorf, I! , Richard I. Morri s, John G. Rogers, John Stobart. ADVISOR S: Chairman , Frank 0 . Braynard ; Raymo nd Aker, George F. Bass, Francis E. Bowker, Oswa ld L. Brett, David Brink, William M. Doerflinger, Harri son J. Dring, John S. Ewald, Joseph L. Farr, Timothy G . Foote, Richard GooldAdam s, Walter J. Handelman , Me l Hardin , Robert G. Herbert , II. R. C. Je fferson , Irving M. Johnson, John Kemble, Conrad Mil ster, Edward D. Muhlfeld , Willi am G. Muller, George Nichols, David E. Perkins, Richard Rath , Nancy Hughes Richardson, George Salley, Me lbo urne Smith, Ralph L. Snow, Al bert Swanson , Peter Throckmorton , Shannon J. Wall , Robert A. We inste in , Thomas We lls, Charles Witthol z. American Ship Trust, Hon. Secretary. Eric J. Berryman. WORLD SHIP TR UST: Chairman, Frank G. G. Carr; Vice Presidents, Henry H. Anderson, Jr. , Vi scount Ca ldecote, Sir Rex Hunt , Hammond Innes, Rt. Hon. Lord Lew in , Sir Peter Scott, Rt. Hon. Lord Shackleton ; Dep. Director, J. A. For sy th e : Ho n . Trea s ur er , Mi c ha e l C. MacSwiney ; Mensun Bound, Dr. Ne il Cossons, Maid win Drumm ond, David Goddard , Richard F. Lee, Al an McGowan , Arthur Prothero, Peter Stanford . Membership: £ 12 payabl e WST, c/o Dep. Di r., I 29a orth Street, Burwell , Cambs. CBS OBB , England. Reg. Charit y No. 277751 . SEA HISTORY STAFF: Editor, Lincoln Paine; Senior Editor, Peter Stanford; Mana ging Editor, Nonna Stanford: Editoral Assistant , Michael J. Netter: Advertising and Promotion: Sue Morrow Fl anagan : Accounting, Veroni ca Gnewuch; Membership Secretary , Patric ia Anstett ; Membership Assistallf, Grace Zere lla; Assistant to the President, Susan Sereni .

AUTUMN 1988

CONTENTS 4 7 10 14

16 18 22 25

26 30 31 33 34 35 37 39 41

EDITOR ' S LOG , LETTERS, QUERIES & CORRECTIONS THE LAST DRIFT ORAL HISTORY PROJECT, Philip T. Teuscher SEAPORT EXPERIENCE: MARITIME BRITAIN BY TRAIN, Michael Sheehan MEDIEVAL SHIP GRAFFITI, Lawrence Mott SAIL TRAINING: A NEW BARK BUILT IN 1906, H. F. Morin Scott THE SPANISH ARMADA: EUROPEAN NAVAL POWER IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY, Gerhard Ketels MEDINA SIDONIA AND "THE ENTERPRISE OF ENGLAND," James Terry LETTER WRITTEN ON 4 OCTOBER 1589, Francisco de Cuellar MARINE ART: ART OF THE SPANISH ARMADA , Lincoln Paine MARINE ART NEWS SHIP NOTES , SAIL TRAINING & MUSEUM NEWS NMHS PROJECTS: " HOW THE HELL DO YOU THINK I GOT HERE?" Michael Gi llen THE CLYDE PUFFER VIC 32, John Bunker AN INTERLUDE WITH FRANK CARR, Michael Badham THE NIAGARA LIVES! Timothy Runyan and Jan Copes MYSTIC SEA MUSIC FESTIVAL 1988, Robert Lloyd Webb REVIEWS: THE BOOK LOCKER

COYER: An English race-built galleon, sporting a lof ty topgallantsail on her

mainmast, sails into the attack, as fireships in the background drift downwind to disrupt the anchored vessels of the Spanish Armada off Calais, 7August1588. This seamanly portrayal of a critical moment in the history of the West is a detail of a painting by an artist of the Netherlands school, done around 1590, within a year or so of the event. Courtesy, National Maritime Museum , Greenwich.

The National Maritime Historical Society is saving America's seafaring heritage. Join us. Wo n ' t yo u join us to keep a li ve o ur nati o n ·s We bring to life Ame ri ca·s seafa ring past seafa ring legacy? th roug h resea rch . a rc haeo logica l expedi Membership in the Society tio ns a nd ship prese rvatio n costs only $25 a year. You' ll e ffo rts. We wo rk with mu serecei ve Sea Histoi·y, a fasc in ums , hi sto ri a ns a nd sai l training 1111mm~ ating magaz ine ti ll ed with arti g roups a nd repo rt o n these activ iti es in o ur qua rte rl y cl es of sea farin g and histo rical j o urna l Sea History. lore . Yo u "!! a lso be e li g ibl e We a re also the A me ri ca n a rm fo r d iscount s o n books , prints o f the Wo rl d Ship Tru st , a n a nd othe r ite ms. He lp save inte rnati o na l gro up wo rkin g o ur seafa ri ng he ritage . Jo in the Natio na l Ma ritime Hi sto ri cal wo rld w ide to he lp save s hips o f hi sto ri c impo rta nce. Soc iety today '

TO: National Maritime Historical Society, 132 Maple St ., Croton-on-Hudson. Y 10520

YES

I wa nt 10 help . I unde rstand 1ha1 my con1ribu1ion goes 10 forward the work of the Society ' and that I' ll be kept informed by receiv ing SEA HI STORY quarterly. Enc losed is:

0 $t ,000Sponsor0 $500 Donor0 $100 Patron0 $50 Contributor NAM E

35 Family0 $25Regular 0 $12.50Student/Retired

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NATIONAL MARITIME HISTORICAL SOCIETY

Sea History 048 - Autumn 1988  

Sea History 048 - Autumn 1988  

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