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National Disaster Preparedness

When a Hazard reaches Fruition…..

Causing damage or enhancing Risk to national emotions & assets.  to nation’s Development.  to life of Citizens.  to Environment.  to Livelihood.  to Society.

Minimise Known Risks    

Early Warning strategies. Prepare and develop resilience. Develop resources for response mechanism. Enhanced rehabilitation strategies.

Thru, DISASTER MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME  Plan & Prepare  Predict & Warn  Assess & Implement

One of most vital components, this is Controllable.  Actionable in advance.  Pre-emptive alternative.

 Allows for faster response.  Involves ‘must have’ resources.  Of priority to save health and lives.  Is the ammunition for any response team! It can also result in Inventory Wasted

Long life  Blankets.  Stretchers.  Equipment.

 Hard Rations.

Perishable  Morphine & Medicines.  Blood and Plasma.

Value Preservation

 Soft Food.

(Planned Logistics & Inventory)

….and more

Drivers Safety of Life


Shorter lead Times

Human Capital, Domain Skills

Effective Response Action

Lack of Logistical Support

Higher level of Risk Mitigation

Uneven Distribution of requirement

Higher Awareness level and Participation

Wastage of Emergency stocks Cost of Depleted Inventory


Networked and Managed Spoke

Population Centres


HUB Spoke


Networked / Tracked


HUB Spoke



Spoke Networked / Tracked


Create localised cells containing Emergency Rations.  Stock of Potable water.  Emergency Aid, Triage facilitation. ▪ Painkillers and other medicines. ▪ Blood and other replenishment. ▪ Emergency stretchers and first aid equipment.  Rescue Hardware, machines, shovels,

communicators.  Portable accommodation, sanitation equipment, portable power source.

Basis guidance policy:  Population at risk  Category of Risk  Rapid Response force location

 Measured Awareness Levels  Strategic Location and scope  Seasonal risk matrix  Terrain and cachement accessibility  Network location and vicinity of hospitals ‘Vulnerability Matrix will define locations, size & stock’

 

Each supply cell would monitor inventory. Critical Goods under expiration would be rotated into civil system.  Eg. Blood Plasma, Pain killers & some food items.

Local cells can become centres of excellence  Provide localised awareness programmes.  Provide Disaster management courses.  Provide extra-curricular certification programmes.

 

Large hubs serve localised spokes. Management and training can be outsourced.

           

Managed Inventory. Stock linked to civil and private users. FEFO concept utilised to rotate inventory. Zero losses due to expired stock. Optimised use of public assets. Shorter lead time to disaster zone. Cell sites as nodal points during operations. Facilitate as collection centres from local populace. Service as local awareness hubs on regular basis. Localised and monitored inventory volume. Scope for focused regional data; NDMA optimisation. Footprint to help extend extra-national support.

    

Morphine: Emergency response level stocks. Expiration date monitored. Monthly usage in civil hospitals collated. Prior shelf expiry, stock rotated to local utility/hospitals. Replaced with new shelf life on NDMA supply site.

Induce participation & information share from all hospitals. Regional & Nationwide monitoring of special medicines. Networked inventory across all users (govt and private) allows improved resource sharing in emergency.  Control of inventory with no loss due expiry.  Truly inclusive and participative by extending across to other strategic stock.   

Losses that can be rotated; savings.


Per Annum Vol

Per Annum Rs

Pain Killers / Vaccine



Blood substitutes



Food / Rations



Loss of life



 

Storage compartmented & monitored basis temperature zones and nature of goods. Haulage distance to relief sites reduced; fuel savings and shorter replenishment cycles. Strategic sharing possible with other services.

At time of disaster, Logistics is critical differentiator between life & death…  Even if needed supplies pour from across the world, the

need fulfillment can only be by planned local logistics. 

Humanitarian Logistics involves supplying needed supplies and returning with evacuated lives.

Policy should ensure that logistics providers dedicate a percent of their assets during time of disaster.

Assured asset deployment leads to improved riskmitigated planning; nationwide & in neighborhood. The difference between sustaining life and environment or total disaster is in planning the complete supply line.

Thank You

The author is a certified as advanced fire fighter, HAZMAT, survival at sea & medical support; has authored operational guidelines on safety systems, operating manual on environmental protection from ballast water exchange, ISPS training manual, Security Assessment & execution Plan; has served as area commander in search & rescue operations in South china sea; has directed and conducted more than 180 disaster drills worldwide (fire, pollution, anti-piracy, hijacking, terrorism, flooding, cyclones, tsunami, etc.) and participated in more than 5oo.

Humanitarian Logistics  

Planning for Disaster Management - a note by Pawanexh Kohli

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