Methamphetamine is driving the increase in ATS seizures Surging seizures since 2009 point to a rapid expansion of the global ATS market, with ATS seizures almost doubling to reach over 144 tons in 2011 and 2012 — the highest ATS seizure amounts since UNODC systematic monitoring began — before decreasing slightly in 2013 (see figure 69). The increase from 2009 is primarily attributable to the growing amount of methamphetamine seized, which increased from 34 tons in 2009 to 88 tons in 2013. The growing importance of methamphetamine is a rather recent feature of the global ATS market. Over the years, global amphetamine seizures have fluctuated, ranging between about 20 tons and 33 tons annually since 2009. Global “ecstasy” seizures were low compared with amphetamine and methamphetamine seizures and remained under 5 tons annually between 2009 and 2013.
Increasing interconnections in the methamphetamine market While methamphetamine continues to be primarily trafficked within regions, significant increases in methamphetamine seizures observed in the past five years would seem to indicate the establishment of new trafficking routes linking previously unconnected regional methamphetamine markets (see map 3). New international supply channels linking major methamphetamine markets in North America and East and South-East Asia have been observed. In addition, methamphetamine trafficking MAP 3.
Total seizures of amphetamine-type stimulants reported worldwide, 2009-2013
140,000 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 2009 2010 2011 2012 Methamphetamine "Ecstasy"-type substances Amphetamine Non-specified ATS
Source: UNODC, responses to annual report questionnaire, 20092013. Note: The category “non-specified ATS” includes seizures reported to UNODC as ATS without indicating a specific substance and excludes prescription stimulants.
routes to East and South-East Asia have emerged from several parts of Africa and the Americas. West Africa in particular appears to have become an established source of methamphetamine trafficked to East and South-East Asia via South Africa or Europe. Turkey may have emerged
Methamphetamine ﬂows as perceived by recipient countries, 2011-2013
Eastern Europe North America
Western and Central Europe
Middle East Central America
West Africa East Africa
Oceania Southern Africa
Source: UNODC, responses to annual report questionnaire, 2011-2013. Note: The origins of the flow arrows do not necessarily indicate the source/manufacture of methamphetamine. These arrows represent the flows as perceived by recipient countries. Flow arrows represent the direction of methamphetamine trafficking and are not an indication of the quantity trafficked. The boundaries shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations. Dashed lines represent undetermined boundaries. The dotted line represents approximately the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir agreed upon by India and Pakistan. The final status of Jammu and Kashmir has not yet been agreed upon by the parties. The final boundary between the Sudan and South Sudan has not yet been determined.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Bones Private Collection