Page 1

ABPL30060 2017 Sem. 2 Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

Transition Box Hill

Precinct Structure PlanŠ

Jun Wen Chan (Chris) 795600

Image 1


Acknowledgements

017 UPS 2

Sem.2 Transit Studio

ton ing

an

Rhian aB ar r

Next, I would like to thank my peers from the Transit Studio, especially Lucas and Lucas, for providing numerous advice and suggestions throughout the course. I would like to thank Studio Supervisor Eun Ha for her feedback on my work, as well as Subject Co-ordinator Dr. Kim Hyung Min for his efforts in inviting guest lecturers for us to learn from and coordinating this subject.

Jame sC olg

I would like to thank firstly, my group members (clockwise from top left): James, Rhiana, Destiny, and Syimah, for without them this report would be incomplete and perhaps incomprehensible.

I would like to acknowledge the tremendous efforts by State and City Councils to collect the data and statistics that allow planners to do their work.

am

Jun Chan (Chris)

h

a

yK

Ah

m ad

Now, to help Box Hill grow!

Syi

m

De

s ti

n

Photo sources: individuals self-taken with permissions

ii

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

Produced by:

Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


Index i. Cover ii. Acknowledgements iii. Index

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

Chapter Page 1. Introduction 1.1 Purpose 1 1.2 Precinct Overview 2 1.3 Multi-scalar Context maps 3 1.4 Strategic Context 6 1.5 Planning process undertaken 7 2. Analysis & Data 8 3. Concepts & Themes 38 3.1 Vision 39 4. Strategic directions 40 4.1 Development (Land use plan) 41 Produced by: 4.2 Access & Movement 50 4.3 Public Spaces 58 Rhiana Barrington (759854) 5. Implementation 64 6. Jun Summary 66 Wen Chan (795600) 7. James References, lists, bibliography. 67 Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HIL

L

PSP Logo

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

iii


Chapter 1. Introduction The Box Hill Precinct Structure Plan is drafted as a long-term planning tool that sets out a future vision with different strategies for the Precinct growth, integrating with the Box Hill Activity Centre Transit City Structure Plan (2007). Its main purpose is to coordinate land use, building design, transport movement, infrastructure and public space to create a built environment and urban landscape that supports a healthier, more prosperous and sustainable suburb. Currently, the City of Whitehorse has advocated growth, revitalization, and diversification. Box Hill is experiencing a rapid growth in development due to its significant role as a Metropolitan Activity Centre (DELWP 2017). It is becoming a hotspot for future employment growth and public investment (Box Hill Activity Centre Transit City Structure Plan 2007). There are increases in high densities and major building projects present in the study area. When the plan is completed, the commercial activity center will be an important precinct that will help to attract local, regional, interstate and international population to reside in, and to visit. Generating new businesses, employment, and enterprise and create synergies with education and employability. Combined, all these strategies would create considerable change to the City of Whitehorse and, in particular, to the Box Hill Commercial Precinct in years to come. This Structure Plan is developed as a means to prepare ahead, drawing on the positive influences of its current developments.

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

1


1.2 Precinct Overview Study Area Size: 128.81 Ha

Fig. 1

Study Perimeter Size: 4,841.94 m

200m

2

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

Produced by:

Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


1.3 Context: Box Hill Suburb Fig. 2

Study Area Size: 128.81 Ha Study Perimeter Size: 4,841.94 m Box Hill Size: 350 Ha

Study Area 200m

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

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1.3 Context: City of Whitehorse Study Area Size: 128.81 Ha

Fig. 3

Study Perimeter Size: 4,841.94 m Box Hill Size: 350 Ha City of Whitehorse: 6400 Ha

Study Area 1km

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795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


1.3 Context: Metropolitan

Study Area 1km Fig. 4

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

Car

Rail

Tram

Bike

21km/20km

51mins

56mins

16km

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

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1.5 Planning process This page illustrates how our group started off with the planning process of this PSP. The team started with analysing the overall metropolitan network of Melbourne, identifying areas of improvement, through an alteration in the transit network.

Week 1-2 July 2017

The team proposed a future tram line running from Dandenong, passing through Box Hill, down south towards Burwood. Box Hill commercial precinct was thus selected as the study site for the next stage of site analysis.

Week 3-5 August 2017

Site visits were then taken to better understand the highlighted areas as seen in 1.1 Precinct Overview.

Week 7 September 2017

A vision was then formed by the team with concepts for improvements based on a SWOT analysis.

Week 8-10 October 2017

Strategies based on concepts and the team’s vision were then developed in the form of discussions and consultations with the studio and studio’s supervisors.

Week 6 September 2017

Week 11-12 October 2017

Lastly, implmentations measures were done to complete the planning process.

Fig. 5

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795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

Produced by:

Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


1.4 Strategic Context

e identified this precinct of study follwing investigations of potential extensions to Greater Melbourne’s public transport network.

LEGEND

Why was Box Hill chosen?

PROPOSED ROUTE

Doncaster RD Tram RD

‘Accessible’ Stop

The initial agenda was to enhance the North-South connectivity, as Melbourne rail network comprised mainly of East-West lines, and thus the team’s proposal. Box Hill was then selected as a it sits in a osed a new tram line (left) from Burwood to Doncaster, strategic poistion for a North-South and East-West sible future expansions. convergence point.

‘Standard’ Stop Route 70

Existing Tram

Eastern FWY

Existing Train

tramline would travel through: We proposed a new tram line (left) from Burwood d to Doncaster, with possible future expansions. ills This new tramline would travel through: South Central • Burwood North • Surrey Hills er • Box Hill South sible service to:• Box Hill Central University • Box Hill North s Creek Trail • Doncaster Commercial Activity Center d Doncaster Shopping Centerservice to: with possible nt schools, with 10 minutes walking

• • • • •

Williamsons RD

DONCASTER

Existing Bus

Elg

ar R

Major Road Potential Precinct BOX HILL Suburb D

BOX HILL NORTH

Whitehors e

RD

Route 10

<To City via

BOX HILL

9

Camberwell, Glenferrie and Richmond

BUS INTERCHANGE

>To Lilydale/Belgrave

via Ringwood and Blackburn

SURREY HILLS

Station S T

Albion RD

Riversdal

e RD

Deaking University Gardiners Creek Trail Box Hill Commercial Activity Center Westfield Doncaster Shopping Center 5 different schools, with 10 minutes walking

Canterbu ry R

D

BOX HILL SOUTH

NOT TO SCALE

BURWOOD

Route 109

Fig. 6

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

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Chapter 2. Analysis & Data Chapter 2 showcase the team’s efforts in mapping out the different aspects of the study area. It is illustrated through diagrams of statistical data and also the team’s technical assessment of the Box Hill. The chapter content are: Section

Page

1. Lynch Analysis 9 2. Demographics 11 3. Land Use 14 • Zoning & Districts • Facilities (Public/Non-public) • Heritage 4. Character 21 • Vegetation • Setbacks • Heritage • Materiality • Geography 5. Transport network 25 6. Risk & Safety 29 7. SWOT Analysis 34

Image 2

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795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

Produced by:

Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


ST

DORKIN G ST

ELGAR R D

THAMES

STATION

ST

2.1 Lynch Map

TRAM 10

9

MILLER

ST

WHITEHOR SE RD/ MAROOND AH HWY

LILYDAL E/

BELGRA VE LINE

BROUGH

ST

200 0

100

500

GLENMO

RE ST

HOWARD

WILLIAM

ST

AM ST Commercial Residential Health Green Spaces Rail Network Tram Network

Landmark Edges Nodes

Fig. 7

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

9


2.1 Landmarks This map illustrates important landmarks when navigating the precinct. The tax office and Whitehorse towers are now currently the most notable landmarks, especially when viewed from any high ground in Melbourne city.

Box Hill Hospital

Box Hill Gardens Box Hill Institute Australian Taxation Office Whitehorse Towers

Police Station

City Of Whitehorse Statue

Box Hill Shopping Center Box Hill Rail Station

Town Hall

Library

Fire Station

Fig. 8

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795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

Produced by:

Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


2.2 Demographics

Population

17,370

Population

The information provided in this section is based on census data (ABS 2011) that can also be accessed through .id. (Atlas.id. 2017; Forecast.id 2016).

17,370

The majority of Box Hill’s workforce (4,465 people) work as professionals, with the least number of people working in the machinery and industry sectors. Female 51.4% Male

48.6%

34

Male

Median Age

Their weekly income is $1,132 which is similar to the Victorian average.

Marital Status

When travelling to work, 55.2% drove their own car while 4.9% walk and only University 10.7% of the population take the train and 2.4% take the bus.

Children (0-4 years old)

Age Group

Pre-school

Age Group Occupation

70.9%

Clerical/ Admin Workforce Elderly Population Managers (65 years old (15-64 years old) and above) Technicians/ Trades

43.9% 16.9%

14.2%

Sales Worker

Workforce

14.6% Population

12.3%

Machinery Operators/ Drivers

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

4.4%

6.2% 2.2%

Education

Primary School

TAFE

41.1%

Pre-school

Professionals 14.6%

4.4%

Travel to Work 55.2%

10.7%

2.4%

4.9%

11.4%

Sales Worker

10%

Community/ Personal Se rvices

9.8%

4.9% Labourers

8.9%

12.3%

Technicians/ Trades

2.4%

15%

31.3%

Clerical/ Admin 10.7% Managers

(15-64 years old)

16.9%

Secondary School

Travel toOccupation Work 55.2%

30.2%

Married

Never Married

10%

The age group of Box Hill’s population. Community/ Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 9.8% (2 011)

Labourers

8.9%

11.4%

Personal Se rvices

The age group of Box Hill’s population. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2 011)

15%

31.3% 70.9%

Median Age

University

TAFE

14.9% Professionals

14.9%

Elderly (65 years old and above) 14.2%

Children (0-4 years old)

34

51.4%

30.2%

Based on this analysis, it suggests that the current population is heavily Primary School car-dependent and there is a need to improve the use of Married public transport in Secondary School order to reduce traffic congestion and the use of cars.

Never Married

Female

Education Marital Status

43.9%

41.1%

48.6%

6.2%

Machinery Operators/ Drivers

2.2%

(ABS, 2011)

(ABS, 2011)

11


2.2 Demographics Box Hill has a diverse community. Most residents are of Chinese ancestry, followed by English, Australian, Irish and Scottish. While half of the population were born in Australia, 22.7% were born in Asia and 2.2% were born in England.

This show that Box Hill consists of a community with a diverse cultural background which has to be recognised.

England

2.2%

19.4%

China

14.9%

18.4%

3.1%

20.1% 7.0%

LEGENDS Chinese English Australian

2.5%

Irish Scottish

Australia

52.4%

LEGEND Low

High

Where Box Hill population are born Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011)

Ancestries in Box Hill Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011)

Spoken Language

Religion Uniting Church 4.8%

Buddhism 6.9%

English at home

56%

Other Language

42.5%

1.5%

1.3%

Greek Italian

Anglican 8.9%

2.2%

Malaysia

5.5%

No Religion 31.5%

Catholic 19.6% A pie chart showing the type of religion in Box Hill Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011)

12

Hong Kong

India

In congruence with the high percentage of people born in Australia (52.4%) as shown, English is the dominant language spoken at home, while Mandarin is the second highest at 14%, and Vietnamese at 1.2% is infrequently spoken at home. In terms of religion, 31.5% of the population has no religion but the most common religion is Catholic (19.6%). Despite the high percentage of non-religion population, there are several churches scattered in the study area and around the suburb.

Country of Birth

Ancestry

Mandarin 1.2%

14%

Cantonese

Vietnamese

7.3%

The languages spoken in Box Hill other than English. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011)

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

Produced by:

Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


2.2 Demographics

The rise in multi-functional vertical buildings in the area is a good strategy as it is more sustainable and potentially invite more people to move in, adding to the local security through massing of people.

Group

Single

(ABS, 2011)

53.7%

26.5%

Separate

Townhouse

THAMES ST

DORKIN G ST

Rented 38.8% MILLER ST

28.6% BROUGH AM

Tenure types in Box Hill. Source Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011)

LGRAVE

Development Forecast

Future development of the area in 3D view. Source: Authors, 2017.

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

HOWARD ST

200 0

100

500

LINE

LEGEND High Density Medium Density Separate House

A map show to show the distribution of housing density within the precinct. Source Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011)

LEGEND Recently Built Building Future Building (approved) Background Building Green Spaces Train/Railway Main Road

The increase in the juxtaposition between new and old buildings will also enhance the liveliness around the area (Rowe & Koetter 1983).

Produced by:

WHITEHORS E MAROONDA RD/ H HWY

LILYDAL E/BE

ST WILLIAM ST

Owned Outright

Flat

(ABS, 2011)

Housing Density

Tenures Owned Mortgaged 27.2%

19.7%

STATION ST

Family

7.7%

29%

ST

A forecast predicting that an addition of 4,692 people from 2017 to 2021 (Forecast .id 2016) and the increase in both dwelling and people will create congestions along main streets. This highlights a need to prepare and plan on transportation infrastructures and/or measures to curb this issue.

63.3%

Dwelling Type

GLENMO RE

The dwelling type is predominantly separate houses and there is a tradition of passing down houses from one generation to the next. But, the rise in high-density buildings will influence a change in this tradition.

Household Composition

ELGAR RD

Based on the demographics, Box Hill is known for being family-oriented as 63.3% of the population consist of family households.

(not to scale)

13


2.3 Land use STATION

ST

Most activity is clustered around the center of Box Hill, near the train station and the major intersection of Maroondah Highway and Station St.

THAMES ST

DORKIN

G ST

The central commercial district is surrounded by residential zones on all sides.

MILLER

BELGRA VE LINE

14

200 0

100

500

ST

GLENMO RE ST

HOWARD

WILLIAM

RD

ST

AM ST

There is an abundance of offstreet parking. Most community facilities are located on the border between the commercial and residential areas.

WHITEHOR SE RD/ MAROOND AH HWY

LILYDAL E/

BROUGH

ELGAR

There are a number of properties undergoing development at the moment, mainly in residential areas.

ST

There is one main medical precinct, together with many smaller medical facilities spread out in main residential and commercial areas.

LEGENDS Commercial Residential Industrial/Offices Parking Restaurants/Cafe Being Developed

Transport Medical Education Local Government Community Public Park & Recreation Fig. 10

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

Produced by:

Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


2.3 Zoning & Districts The built form are divided into 7 catergories according to the Box Hill Acitivity Centre Transit City Structure Plan (2007).

STATION

ST

Major Development: Tall buildings are authorized to increase density while heights are not permitted to induce overshadowing of key open spaces and residential areas. Town Hall Precinct: Civic buildings that show the importance of identity and heritage buildings through visual prominence.

THAMES ST

DORKIN

G ST

Mid-rise Commercial and Mixed Use: Both have a limit of 4 stories.

MILLER

Key Open Spaces: They protect and enhance existing public and significant private open spaces.

ST

Traditional Town Center: The existing built form and character is of 2 to 3-story height.

LILYDAL E/BE

LGRAVE

BROUGH

AM ST

ELGAR

RD

WILLIAM

ST

Low-rise, Higher Density residential: 3-story height limit with decreased setback requirements.

200 0

ST RE ST

HOWARD

100

500

GLENMO

Peripheral residential: New development supporting higher densities yet consistent with existing built forms.

WHITEHOR SE RD/ MAROOND AH HWY

LINE

Legend: Key Open Spaces Mid-rise Commercial and mixed use Traditional Town Centre Town Hall Precinct Major Development Peripheral Residential

Fig. 11

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

Low-rise Higher-density Residential

15


2.3 Facilities (Public/Non-public) Fig. 12

Fig. 13

Churches 1

STATION ST

STATION ST

Public Green Space

STATION ST

Public Toilets

Fig. 14

THAMES ST

THAMES ST

26

16

500

100

500

MILLER ST

LILYDAL E/BELG

RAVE LIN E

ST

Green Space

WILLIAM

HOWARD ST

3

RE ST

LEGEND

Reformed Church

ST

LINE ELGAR RD

MILLER ST

200 0

WILLIAM ST

HOWARD ST

3

WHITEHORSE MAROONDAH RD/ HWY

LEGEND

GLENMO

GLENMO RE

100

ST

ST

Public Toilets

BROUGH AM

LGRAVE

GLENMO RE

LEGEND

ST

HOWARD ST

200 0

WILLIAM ST

ST

LINE

8

BROUGH AM

LILYDAL E/BE

ELGAR RD

MILLER ST

LGRAVE

ELGAR RD

BROUGH AM

LILYDAL E/BE

WHITEHORS E MAROONDA RD/ H HWY

2

1

2

WHITEHORS E MAROONDA RD/ H HWY

St. Peterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Anglican Church

DORKING

DORKIN G ST

DORKIN G ST

ST

THAMES ST

Churches

200 0

100

500

Data Gathered from The National Toilet Map (2017)

Data gathered from DELP (2017b)

Data gathered from Google Maps (2017)

Particularly in the built up core of Box Hill, bathroom facilities are readily available and within walking distance - this caters well for the public.

The precincts access to green space is relatively good, however not immediately attached to the busy centre. Visual access from the centre of Box Hill to the green spaces could likely be improved.

There is an abundance of churches within the precinct of varying religions and facility ages. Box Hill is well serviced in this sector.

New Apostolic Church

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

Produced by:

Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


2.3 Facilities (Public/Non-public) Hospitals Education

Retail Both public (Box Hill) and private (Epworth) hospitals are in the precinct and therefore

The Box Hill Institute of TAFE brings a large opportunity of education

Box Hill Central and the surrounding shopping strips provide a diverse shopping experience for locals and may also attract visitors.

the area is well serviced by healthcare

to the area, offering a wide range of courses.

Law Enforcement A 24 hour police station operates in Box Hill which is a crucial

Memorial

service available to the community (FPPV n.d.).

Box Hill gardens hosts an ANZAC memorial and becomes utilised on notable days such as ANZAC day as an essential monument to remember those lost to war (Box Hill RSL 2017).

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

Sports

Box Hill gardens also features a highly flexible quality multipurpose space. This space is a valuable facility to the area and has been observed to be used at all hours of the day. (ArchitectureAU 2014).

Community

The town hall for Box Hill is also located within the precinct and is only a short walk from the centre of Box Hill. The town hall plays host to most community events throughout the year.

17


2.3 Box Hill Garden Box Hill Gardens is the largest open space area and functions as a community space. With a 1km path that enclosed it for running,walking and several courts for multiple sports and recreations activities, this multi-purpose area was opened in 2013.

STATION

ST

Fig. 15

THAMES ST

1

MILLER

ST

DORKIN

G ST

2

BOX HILL GARDENS

WHITEHOR SE RD/ MAROOND AH HWY

LILYDAL E/BE

LGRAVE

BROUGH

ELGAR

RD

WILLIAM

ST

AM ST

18

100

500

GLENMO

200 0

ST

RE ST

HOWARD

1 THE PARK ZONE

LINE

LEGEND

Park

Area of Interest (AOI)

Data gathered from Aspect Studios (2013)

2

MULTI-USE PURPOSE AREA

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


2.3 Education OUR LADY OF SION COLLEGE

ST

Fig. 16

G ST

THAMES ST

• Established in 1995 • An local training institute • Funded by Australian Government

3

DORKIN

BOX HILL INSTITUTE

• Established in 1982 • Approx. 900 students from year 7 to 12 • A Catholic Girls school • School hours: 0830-1515

STATION

1

2 WHITEHORSE CAMPUS

1 WHITEHOR SE RD/ MAROOND AH HWY

LILYDAL E/BE

LGRAVE

BROUGH

AM ST

ELGAR

RD

WILLIAM

ST

3 NELSON CAMPUS

MILLER ST

2

100

500

LEGEND Education Centre Area of Interest (AOI)

GLENMO

200 0

ST

RE ST

HOWARD

LINE

Data gathered from Our Lady of Sion College (2017) and Box Hill Institute (2017).

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

19


2.3 Cuisine

STATION

ST

There are many restaurants and cafes along the main roads (Maroondah Highway & Station St) and also around the Box Hill Shopping Center. They function as gathering places and increase in patronage and activity in their area.

DORKIN

G ST

THAMES ST

2

MILLER

ST

1

WHITEHOR SE RD/ MAROOND AH HWY

1 DAVID AND CAMY DUMPLING RESTAURANT

LILYDAL E/

BELGRA VE LINE

BROUGH

Area of Interest

100

500

GLENMO

200 0

ST

Restaurant/Cafe

RE ST

HOWARD

LEGENDS

WILLIAM

ELGAR

RD

ST

AM ST

Data gathered from Google Maps (2017) Fig. 17

2 20

THE PENNY DROPS CAFE

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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BOX

HILL


2.4 Character

Fig. 18 building frontages and Street setbacks - the distance between the footpath/street, are often considered when looking at an area’s character(DELP 2015). Box Hill’s residentialareas contain consistent setbacks along entire streets to maintain a particular streetscape aesthetic. Meanwhile setbacks are absent in the commercial areas, ensuring active street frontages.

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

STATION ST

THAMES ST

MILLER

ST

DORKIN

3

G ST

2

1 SYDNEY BLUE GUM

WHITEHORS E MAROONDA RD/ H HWY

LILYDALE

/BELGR

ST

HOWARD ST

200 0

100

500

AVE LINE

ST

1

WILLIAM

BROUGH AM

E ST

SETBACK REQUIREMENT

The precinct is home to a variety of tree species from native gums to English Oaks. Some of the trees are protected by vegetation overlays particularly for their ‘aesthetic qualities’ within the area which suggests a level of importance to the character of Box Hill. (City of Whitehorse 2005).

3 SPOTTED GUM

LEGEND Vegetation Protection Overlay

GLENMOR

STREET

2 ENGLISH OAK

D

Setbacks

Vegetation

ELGAR R

The character of a neighbourhood refers to the various features the area possesses which give it its own identity (DELP 2015). This Box Hill precinct contains an extensive list of features which contribute to its character.

Fig. 19

A unique feature to the precinct is the contrasting housing typologies, from early 1800s cottages to highrise buildings. Similarly, part of the character of the precinct is the ability to be a short walk from a diverse bustling CBD to quiet residential streets and parks.

21


2.4 Heritage Box Hill suburb was established over 150 years ago as a region for grazing and orchards (Box Hill 2017). Since this period, with the addition of railway and other transportation links with Melbourne CBD, Box Hill has grown and changed significantly. These changes and phases of Box Hillâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s development history are important to maintain in some form and are observed as physical examples in areas across the precinct. 738 Station Street, an early piece of architecture in Box Hill, deemed historically significant to the area. It is heritage protected (HLCD 2010).

STATION

ST

The Heritage overlay in this study area aims to protect places of historical importance and significance to the area (DELP 2017a). The distribution of heritage protection in this precinct reflects the diverse architecture of Box Hillâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s homes, churches, and retail outlets, but also the various stages in the history of the area. 2017a). retail outlets, but also the various stages in the history of the area.

MILLER

ST

DORKIN G ST

THAMES ST

LILYDALE /BELGR

AVE LIN E

BROUGH

22

200 0 Fig. 21

ollows a similar style to the original orchard properties. However, this example is not protected.

100

WILLIAM

ST

Heritage Overlay

RE ST

HOWARD

LEGENDS

500

GLENMO

ELGAR

RD

ST

AM ST

Map depicting early Box Hill when it was desired for use by orchards (HLCD 2010). Many of the original orchard structures (particulary homes) remained and are now protected by heritage overlays.

WHITEHORS E RD/ MAROOND AH HWY

Weatherboard home on corner of Carrington Road and Thurston Street. Follows a similar style to the original orchard properties. However, this example is not protected.

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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BOX

HILL


2.4 Materiality Concrete

Ashphalt Dominated Streetscape

Green Space STATION ST

2

3

4

THAMES ST 3

Steel and Glass

5 G ST

6

DORKIN

1 4

7

MILLER

8

ST

2

5

WHITEHORS E RD/ MAROOND AH HWY

Railway Line

LILYDALE

ST

AVE LIN E

7

HOWARD

200 0

100

500

WILLIAM

RD

ST

BROUGH AM

/BELGR

ST GLENMO RE ST

As mentioned, the area of Box Hill was previously dominated by orchards and grazing fields in the 1800s. Today, Box Hill Garden, parks, and linear reserves are the only remaining open green spaces in the study area. With the rise of car transportation, roads, and car parking, the study area is now dominated by asphalt surfaces.

Brick

6

1

ELGAR

Unlike perhaps other areas in Melbourne, Box Hill is home to many surface materials. This diversity could be attributed to the rapid growth and change in the area particularly to the housing typologies from low to higher densities. For instance, there is a concentration of the South-West region of the precinct of weatherboard houses - indicating one particular trend of development in Box Hillâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s history. Meanwhile, in the central core of Box Hill, more modern materials such as steel, reinforced concrete and glass curtain wall facades indicates an area of new development in the recent past.

Weatherboard* 8

Fig. 20

Brick finds many forms across the precinct, seen in the 1800s homes, post-WWII homes, 1980s-90s units, footpath paving and, now in many of the contemporary homes and apartment blocks. It has clearly remained a desirable material in this area. The railway line has an important impact on the area - firstly for its contribution to Box Hillâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s growth, secondly for its dominating visual appearance, especially when viewing east from Station Street. It is also an important device for geographical orientation.

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

23


2.4 Geography Topography - 10m STATION ST

Water Bodies

MILLER

ST

DORKIN G ST

THAMES ST

WHITEHORS E MAROONDA RD/ H HWY

LILYDALE

/BELGR

ST

Fig. 22

Data gathered from DELP (2017b)

The precinct area is quite consistent in its topography, without many substantial changes in natural gradients which would render it difficult to access or unsafe.

100

500

GLENMOR E ST

HOWARD ST

200 0

WILLIAM

ELGAR RD

ST

BROUGH AM

AVE LINE

LEGEND

Waterbodies and Water Courses Special Building Overlay (SBO)

Bodies of water are scarce in this precinct - the pond in Box Hill gardens is the only notable case. However, when considering Special Building Overlays (SBO) which outline lands requiring specific building design solutions to deal with groundwater, flooding and/or water runoff, a few more areas are affected. (DELP 2017b; DELP n.d.).

Fig. 23 Data gathered from DELP (2017b)

Box Hill when compared to other nearby suburbs has some advantages in terms of wayfinding. Wayfinding signs for pedestrians are scattered particularly close to the CBD, and various large scale landmarks such as the railway line and highrise buildings assist in understanding your location.

Station Street incline when looking south.

17

24

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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BOX

HILL


2.5 Transport Box Hill has been known as one the significant transport interchanges in Melbourne that is accessible by three public transport modes. It is the busiest transport center in the eastern suburbs. There are 21 bus routes in total (16 routes within the study area), Belgrave and Lilydale train lines, as also the 109 Tram direct to the CBD and Port Melbourne. The Box Hill Financial Report of Transport Interchange (2013/2014) suggested there are 6.2 million passengers that use the Box Hill transportation interchange per year.

STATION

ST

Public Transport Network

Box Hill Hospital

903

THAMES ST

612 903

G ST

Epworth Eastern Hospital Box Hill Gardens

Box Hill Train Station

201 76 6 281 76 7 732 76 8 765 90 3

270 271 279

Police Station

Town Hall Box Hill Library 733 733 765

BROUGH

MILLER ST

109

966

270

DORKIN

281 293 302

WHITEHOR SE RD/ MAROOND AH HWY

LILYDAL E/BE

LGRAVE

AM ST

200 0

Fig. 24

100

500

ST WILLIAM

HOWARD

ST

GLENMO RE ST

ELGAR

RD

732 735 732 903

LEGEND 733

109

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

LINE

Bus routes

Railway

Bus stop

Bike routes

Tram routes

Public facilities

Tram stop

Area of Interest (AOI)

25


2.5 Transport This is a map showing the pedestrian flow within the area of interest (AOI) of the study area.

Pedestrian & Bicycle Network STATION

ST

It is shown as the larger pedestrian icon, the higher the pedestrian flow along the street.

Box Hill Hospital

Site observations dictate that the major pedestrian flows occur along the road where people walk to and from Box Hill Central Station, while the least is along the path to Box Hill Gardens.

THAMES ST

DORKIN

G ST

Epworth Eastern Hospital Box Hill Gardens

Police Station ST

Town Hall Box Hill Library MILLER

Box Hill Train Station

STATION ST. AND WHITEHORSE RD. INTERSECTION - AREA OF INTEREST Site Obersevation Duration: 12:00PM -12:40PM Thursday

WHITEHOR SE RD/ MAROOND AH HWY

LILYDAL E/BELG

RAVE LIN

BROUGH

RD

12:30- 12:35

12:15- 12:20 12:20- 12:30

200 0

ST

RE ST

WHITEHORSE ROAD

HOWARD

100

500

GLENMO

12:10 - 12:15

ELGAR

12:00 - 12:10 12:35 - 12:40

WILLIAM

ST

AM ST

E

LEGEND Bike routes Pedestrian paths

Landmarks

Fig. 26 Number of Pedestrians 1

Data gathered from Google Maps (2017)

Area of Interest (AOI)

5 STATION STREET

10

Fig. 25

26

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


2.5 Transport These maps show the demographics of people who travelled to work by public transport and households without a car, within our precinct in Box Hill. It has been shown that there is more than 20% of people who travelled to work using public transport and households without a car overall. Particularly, there is a good proportion of households without a car (32%) within our precinct (Profile.id 2011), which suggests that it might bring a high potential usage of our proposed tram route along station street, and other integrated transport planning within our precinct.

Households Without a Car STATION

ST

STATION ST

People who Travel to Work on PT

THAMES ST

DORKIN ST

WHITEHORS E RD/ MAROOND AH HWY

LILYDALE

/BELGR

BROUGH

AM ST

MILLER

MILLER

ST

DORKIN

G ST

G ST

THAMES ST

AVE LIN

WHITEHORS E RD/ MAROOND AH HWY

LILYDALE /BE

E

LGRAVE

BROUGH

LINE

Fig. 27

500

41.3%

ST

Percentage of total persons employed

200 0

Fig. 28

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

100

500

LEGEND

WILLIAM

HOWARD

ST

RE ST

0%

RD

LEGEND

GLENMO

100

GLENMO

200 0

ST RE ST

HOWARD

ELGAR

ELGAR

RD

WILLIAM

ST

AM ST

0%

50.3 % Percentage of total households

Data gather from Profile.id. (2011)

27


2.5 Transport

Car Parking ST

Box Hill has access to a wide variety of parking such as ticketed, free, time restricted, and unlimited parking.

1 Station Street On Street Car Parking - Box Hill Gardens

1 Car Parking

G ST

ST

DORKIN

DORKIN

/BELGR

2 Station Street On Street Car Parking - Box Hill Central

AVE LIN E

ST

0 AM ST

BROUGH

100

500

D

Data gathered from Google Maps (2017)

100

500

GLENMO

200 0

ST RE ST

HOWARD

Data gathered from Google Maps (2017)

WHITEHORS E MAROONDA RD/ H HWY

2 Station Street On Street Car Parking - Box Hill Central

MILLER

LEGEND

LILYDAL E/BE

LGRAVE

ST

200

ST

GLENMO RE ST

HOWARD

LINE

Area of Interest (AOI)

WILLIAM

ELGAR

RD

WILLIAM

ST

AM ST

THAMES ST WHITEHO RSE RD/ MAROOND AH HWY

LILYDALE

2

BROUGH

1 Station Street On Street Car Parking - Box Hill Gardens

G ST

MILLER

ST

1

Fig. 29

28

THAMES ST

STATION

2

ELGAR R

It can be seen that the on-street car parking is mostly occupied along Station Street, especially in the direction of Box Hill Central. Therefore the accessibility of the road is limited due to the amount of on-street car parking. It also has been found that the commuter car parking at the Rail station is often fully occupied, suggesting people would park their cars before changing to rail.

STATION

Unlike other centers in the region, Box Hill has paid car parking around its activity centers and hospital. Also, most of the residential streets in the City of Whitehorse have timeunlimited on-street car parking for residents and guests (City of Whitehorse 2017).

LEGEND

Area of Interest (AOI)

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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BOX

HILL


2.6 Risk & Safety As this studio is focused on transportation modes of the study area, risk and safety in terms of traffic would be crucial too as analysis data to better understand the site. On this page is a table of traffic accidents taken from VicRoads (2017) data. The safety data is incomplete for the year 2017. The most common crashes are rear-ended crashes, then crashes at intersections, and then those involving pedestrians. The expectation of this trend to carry on from municipal level to the precinct level.

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

Type of Crash (City of Whitehorse) Others

24

17 7

Overtaking

3

Head on Crashes (not overtaking)

14

15 2

Loss of control

38

Side swipe/Lane change

57

Manoeuvring

81

Run off Crashes

66

12

44 2

Pedestrian Crashes

130

Side Impact at Intersection Crashes

294

Rear End Crashes

419

32 3

64

12

72

2

0

110 68

100

200 Other Injury

Minor Injury

300

400

500

600

Fatal

Fig. 30

29


Unknown

119

Raining

142

Clear

908

Minor injury; 63

2.6 Risk & Safety

0

s 25

Unknown

Unknown

4

16 119

Raining

142

Clear

908 0

10 64

40 9 4 58 351 200

400

Other Injury

Fig. 31

600

800

Minor Injury

17

1000

1200

19 6 1

50

24 159

60

477

70

186

70

80

189

78

100

66

68

Fatal

100

400

Minor Injury

500

600

700

Fatal

Lighting Conditions (Municipal) 14

1

Unknown

3

105

5

1 2 22 2

Dark street lights off

8

Unknown

Wet

216

166

81

4

Dusk/Dawn

129

Dark street lights on

216

Day

787

7 Dry

853 0

30

300

Other Injury

Dark no street lights

r Injury

7

200

Fig. 32

Others

Icy

Fig. 33

4

3

Crash (Municipal)

500

7

13

Road Surface at Crash (Municipal)

400

2 166

0

1400

600

331 200

700

400

600 Other Injury

800 Minor Injury

9

17 1000

Fatal

46 2 102

1200

1400

0 Fig. 34

262

200

400 Other Injury

40

Other Inju

1

Others

5

Strong Winds

58

Speed Zones (km/h) at Crash (Municipal)

Atmospheric Conditions on Crash (Municipal) Others (Fog/Dust)

4

200

Most car accidents can be concluded as a result of disobeying speed zones and over-speeding, as compared to others causes such as weather or lighting.

S

9

600 Minor Injury

800

9

1000

1200

Fatal

Fatal 795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

Produced by:

Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


2.6 Risk & Safety A map of crash summary taken from VicRoads (2017) depicting the locations of the crashes. Based on Municipal level data, trends in crash Car typically Accidents 2011-17 follow on thisPrecinct smaller scale;Level: crashes occur on straight roads, at intersections, then on smaller streets. This highlights the level of safety and risk in this particular precinct, which needs improvement.

2

2

2 2

2

1 2 2

1 AM ST 3

4 ST

3

ELGAR R

D

HOWARD

3 22 2 5 2 1 2 2 3

4

0

HOWARD

200

100

500 200

0

100 Fig. 35

500

ST

3 22

ST

2

4

G ST

4

DORKIN

3

Minor injury; 63

G ST

13

2

2

1 2

2 3 22 2 2 2 4

3 2 2 5 22 2 3

Rain

3 2

13

2

2

2 2

DORKIN

4

3 THAMES ST

2

OONDAH H

WY

3 2

WHIT

EHORSE R LILYDAL 6 M D/ E2 /BELAGRROONDAH H AVE LIN WY E

Speed Zones (km/h) at Crash (Municipal)

LILYDAL E/

BELGRA VE LINE

Others Unknown 40 50 60

LEGEND 1 10

Deaths - NO DATA 64 19 LEGEND 6

Serious 1Injury

24Deaths - NO DATA 159 68

Minor/Reported Serious Injury 477

70

80

78

189

12 mths. No.Involved 3 Past 66

0 SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

2 166

370 No.Involved 186 Minor/Reported 100

Produced by:

Cl

6 MWAHRITEHORSE RD/

MILLER ST

2

3

1

ST

1

62

2 2 32 4 2 22

MILLER

2

2

2

ST

2 2

2

2 22 22 233 2

WILLIAM

2 2

2 4

ST

13 5

3 3 5 1 8 3 3 2

1 3

RD

3

Unkno

WILLIAM

2

BROUGH

ELGAR

22 233 2

3

Strong Win

52

62 4 2 3 22

4

2

2

6 3

3 3 5 1 8 3 3 2

AM ST

12

2

2

RE ST

6

6 3

BROUGH

22

2 4

Others (Fog/Du

Serious injury; 25

3 THAMES ST

GLENMO

32

RE ST

4

GLENMO

4 2 23 1

2

STATION

5

2

2 2

OUT OF 88 ACCIDENTS

Precinct Level: Car Accidents 2011-17 2

2

6

13 5

A

ST STATION

4 23 1

4 7

13

Past 12 mths. 100

200

Other Injury

300

400

Minor Injury

500

Fatal

31600


2.6 Risk & Safety The amount of traffic on the roads contributes to the level of risk and has an impact on safety levels of pedestrians (VicRoads 2017).

Traffic 8am

Traffic 2pm

Statistics show that drivers are more careful when there are more vehicles on the road, or when driving conditions are less desirable (VicRoads 2017). This could be due to lower travel speeds in both cases. Road width is also another factor that contributes to increased levels of risk. Small roads coupled with congestion could produce a higher number of accidents.

Fig. 36

32

Traffic 8pm

Traffic 4pm

Map Data gathered from Google Maps (2017)

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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2.6 Risk & Safety

Barriers placed along the edges of pedestrian paths helps reduce the amount of pedestrian-car accidents caused by jaywalking.

A diagram of collision courses; used to illustrate the traffic flow at the AOI intersection. It shows possible criss-crossing of adjacent and opposing vehicular directions.

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

Fig. 37

33


2.7 SWOT Analysis VIBRANT NEIGHBOURHOOD

S

The area of interest is relatively near to high-density residential districts which are a key strength to maximise the usage of our proposal. Besides the high number of residents, the mixture of low-rise detached and midrise apartmentstyle housing in the area also creates a varying neighborhood character which contributes to the liveliness of the site.

STRENGTHS

A. RAPID DEVELOPMENT Box Hill is experiencing a rapid growth in development due to its significant role as a Metropolitan Activity Centre (DELWP 2017). As a Metropolitan Activity Centre, Box hill is becoming a hotspot for future employment growth and public investment (Box Hill Activity Centre Transit City Structure Plan 2007). Additionally, there is an increase in high densities and major building projects present in the area, particularly around the area of interest. As a result, these factors potentially lead to more highdensity development. 34

Fig. 38

B. EASE OF ACCESSIBILITY The site is fairly integrated with public transport such as the Box Hill train station, bus routes and tram stations and there are many ways to get to the area of interest within a 10-minute walking radius. This makes the area easily accessible via all modes of transport, especially for transport interchanges.

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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BOX

HILL


2.7 SWOT Analysis A. LACK OF NORTH-SOUTH LINKS There are only two main roads from North to SouthElgar Road and Station Street. As a result, large traffic volumes are forced to use these roads, which leads to traffic congestion at intersections and a reduction in bus reliability (Box Hill Structure Plan 2007).

W WEAKNESSES

B. LACK OF PHYSICAL SPACES & FACILITIES FOR CYCLIST Insufficient bicycle networks and bicycle parking discourages cycling in Box Hill. Due to a lack of continuous bike lanes, cyclists use arterial roads in spite of the risk of cycling in heavy traffic. C. RAILWAY LINE The railway line takes up a large amount of space, which creates a barrier for both North-South pedestrian and bicycle routes. Fig. 39

D. LARGE INTERSECTION Large volumes of traffic along Whitehorse Road can make it hard for pedestrians to cross main roads, and large intersections are also a concern for cyclists (Box Hill Structure Plan 2007).

STATION ST

REET 12.5m

E. WIDTH OF STREET Trees

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HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

Bicycle Lane

On Street Car Parking

0

20

Streets are not wide enough for both parked cars, bicycles and vehicles passing through. Also, road access is limited due to on-street car parking. 35


2.7 SWOT Analysis

O

OPPORTUNITIES

A. TRANSPORT

The precinct currently has access to a variety of train, tram, and bus transport options. As the precinct population grows the capacity of these services will need to match. Upgrading existing transport connections and hubs such as the bus interchange, or our proposed Station Street tram, will greatly increase accessibility across the precinct. Investigations to the redevelopment of the bus interchange are already underway (Premier of Victoria 2017).

36

B

B. FUTURE DEVELOPMENT

A

B

Fig. 40

Box Hill is pitched for significant future development particularly due to being identified as a Metropolitan Activity Centre (DELWP 2017). One component of this relates to housing being located close to jobs and services, which Box Hill has great access to already. As a result, the provision of increased housing and densification of Box Hill is already occurring with examples in this precinct including Whitehorse Towers (above) and Sky One (below).

LIVABILITY

PLACEMAKING

The access to green space will be a crucial factor in ensuring a good quality of life for the residents of the precinct. Although quite a developed suburb, the precinct has a number of opportunities to re-purpose land to increase the area of green spaces.

Again when considering the ability for the re-purposing of public spaces across the Box Hill precinct, there lies the potential for redevelopments to be made which produce higher quality amenities and formulate a stronger physical identity for Box Hill. 795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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BOX

HILL


2.7 SWOT Analysis

T THREATS

SAFETY The complexity of existing infrastructure, such as B. the intersection of North-south/EastWest, C. the Maroondah Highway and D. the rail track, poses an enormous threat to future residents. Because of its permanence and the costs of removal, other ways of negotiating this threat are to develop additional built forms that create new social networks with coherent flows across the current barriers. Fig. 41

SOCIOECONOMIC Increase in value through infrastructure improvements can also widen the gap in population economic status. High-rise apartments also carry another threat of overshadows, depriving public spaces of direct sunlight. Clear policies and/ or objectives to balance and/or maintain socioeconomic threats are essential.

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BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

37


Chapter 3. Concepts/ Themes Based on Site Analysis and Assessments, 4 themes were formed to create the vision statement. Ideas based on these 4 themes were generated to create new opportunities, promote current strengths, reduce impacts of weakness, and to solve existing threats.

Site Analysis Strategic Directions . CITY . OF . BOX . HILL .

Culture and Identity

Connectivity and Access

Community and Welfare

Sustainable and Green

Development Access & Movement Public Spaces & Facilities

Vision

Fig. 42

38

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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BOX

HILL


3.1 Vision Box Hill will become a centralised activity centre for its surrounding suburbs. Consisting of diverse mixed-use buildings, a worthy secondary CBD for Melbourne. The North and South precincts will be connected by safe and productive transit networks that encourages the use of walking or public transport. The safety and â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;placeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; quality will be improved and it will be a culturally inclusive, vibrant community which increases livability, walkability, and enjoyment in the area.

Image 3

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

39


Chapter 4. Strategic Directions Chapter 4 provides the strategies for future development in the selected study area, focusing on areas of Residential Growth zones with large potential for higher accommodation capacities. It addresses the overall structure of land use and buidling height, the relative intensity of expected change by area, how new development can be integrated with the surroundings and characteristics of the existing urban environment. Movement of people and transport are also addressed with the building of a new Bus Hub to better serve the precinct and its surroundings. Methods to engineer car movements are also proposed, to generate a different form of mobility within the suburb. Coupled with the final section of public facilities, strategies are suggested to enhance local culture and community, ensuring livability is kept at it best operating efficiancy, and to compliment both development and mobility. Some of the strategies of each section correspond to each other within their section and sometimes even to other sections. Image 4

40

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

Produced by:

Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


4.1

Development Overview

The railway tracks, together with Maroondah Highway, presents themselves as major barriers for north-south connectivity. One strategy to remove the barrier is to place the railway tracks underground, creating new ground level space to further develop into other forms. The flexibility of mixed-use zones helps to combine Residential with Commercial and Public use, creating a multiplex of integration on several layers. With an aging population within the suburb, the development plan also aims to gather the segregated elderly to form a community that encourage a healthier aging, through the means of daily social interactions with neighbours within their precinct. The development of modern dwellings are typically of 2 stories or more to create more living space for larger families. General Residential zones buildings are permitted to renovate additional floors to their homes if required. The plan illustrates specific zones that required to grow into higher level buildings to accommodate more people. Heritage of Box Hill is an important identity of the suburb, and therefore dwellings that are labelled as heritage sites are exclusively preserved as a museum once current occupants has finished their lease. An expected growth in population and activity also requires the Public Library to expand to hold more people during opening hours. Current status is somewhat full as students are the main users. D-1. D-2. D-3. D-4.

Create ground level public spaces Creation of mixed-use zones Livable Housing for the aging population Heritage Expansion

Image 5

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

41


4.1 Development (Current Land Use plan) D-2 D-2 D-3

*

D-3

* *

Heritage Protected

D-4 Lilydale

-Belgra ve Rail L

ine

D-4

D-1

200 0 Fig. 43

42

100

500

LEGENDS Commercial General Residential Residential Growth Neighbourhood Residential Public Park & Recreation Public Use Mixed Use

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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BOX

HILL


4.1 Development (Future Land Use plan)

Lilydale

-Belgra ve Rail L

ine

200 0 Fig. 44

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

100

500

LEGENDS Commercial General Residential Residential Growth Neighbourhood Residential Public Park & Recreation Public Use Mixed Use

43


4.1 Development (Current Building Height)

Lilydale

-Belgra ve Rail L

ine

200 0 Fig. 45

44

100

500

LEGENDS Height > 20 Height > 5 Height < 5 Single story Ground Lvl. Rail line 795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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BOX

HILL


4.1 Development (Future Building Height)

Lilydale

-Belgra ve Rail L

ine

200 0 Fig. 46

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

100

500

LEGENDS Height > 20 Height > 5 Height < 5 Single story Ground Lvl. Rail line 45


4.1 D-1 Create ground-level Public Spaces Directions: 1. Trench the Lilydale/Belgrave rail line from Box Hill Station until the next stop, Laburnum. 2. Cover the trench from strategy 1 to create new ground level space. 3. Connect Linsley Street to William Street with a ‘Bus-only’ road (see AM-3) 4. Move existing Bus Hub from Box Hill Central roof to the open space closer to Linsley street. 5. Introduce a plaza with public facilities (see PF-3) between New Bus Hub and Station Street.

Bus Hub

Aerial photo, attempt to illustrate the use of the result from trenching the railway tracks. The purpose of the new ground level open space can be later re-defined by the community needs or demands. A plaza was chosen as Box Hill currently lacks an open plaza for people to gather, similar to Federation Square. The Bus Hub is essential as the current Bus Hub on the roof of the shopping mall is perceived as ‘hard to locate’ and unsafe to be of efficient service to the public. The orientations of the two are chosen in this manner so that people will pass through the plaza to get to their Buses.

Lilydal e-Belgrav e Rail Lin

e

Fig. 47

Lilydale

-Belgra ve Rail L

ine

Underground

Fig. 48

46

Fig. 49

Cross section of trenching and cover of rail.

Open P laza

a

stri

e Ped

et

tre

ly s

n no

Fig. 50

New Bu

s Hub

Lindsle

y Stree

t reserv e

Underground

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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BOX

HILL


4.1 D-2 Creation of Mixed use Zones Directions: 1. Re-zone the highlighted area from General Residential zones to Mixed-use zones. 2. Re-build urban forms for mixed use on different layers (see Section A-A). 3. Introduce local-own cafes, restuarants, shops as a foundation for activity. 4. Promote collaboration between private businesses with Box Hill Institute to provide job opportunities and/or interships. 5. Introduce childcare centers and playgrounds to attract family growth.

Section A-A (not to scale)

Fig. 51

A-A

Fig. 53

IlĂ´t Vandamme, redesigned by Dufau as a mixed used block.

Fig. 54

schmidt hammer lassen Designs Mixed-Use Development in Central Stockholm

Green Roofings

General Residential Apartments Not more than 30 stories or 100m in height

Student accommodations/ Hospital Wards Green Balconies

Public Use. Can include public pools, indoor children playground, study areas for students

Commercial. Pet shops, florists, cafes, restuarants, etc. Fig. 52

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

47


4.1 D-3. Livable Housing for the Aging population Directions: 1. Recognise the area as a precinct for the elderly. 2. Recognised key heritage buildings, and prevention of removal/alterations until permitted. 3. Promote affordable communal housing for the elderly. 4. Priotise lower level in apartments with disable/ elderly access options. 5. Provide sufficient bedrooms in top levels for family growing. 6. Promote extended family living with elderly. 7. Promote elderly-to-children care, to assist working parents with care of the young.

Fig. 55

Roof gardens accessible for Lot owners only.

Top levels priotised for families with2 or 3 bedrooms units

Bottom 3 levels priotised for elderly families and/or elderly share-flat

Max height 10 stories or 40m

Fig. 56

48

Communal courtyard. Able to include playground or bbq pit or gardening facilities to engage communal activities.

N

Fig. 57

â&#x20AC;&#x153;As youth, they tend to live together because of affordability. As elderly, they should live together for social support.â&#x20AC;? With the benefits of communal socialising and sharing, the elderly would be able to age well. Most elderly get lonely easily, as some are unable to access social spots, hence this strategy brings society to them. At the same time, families with two working parents can request help from those that are not to take care of their children while they are at work. The other benefits of communal living are many, as outline by Cavendish in her article (2014).

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


4.1 D-4 Heritage Expansion Directions: 1. Recognise the current library capacity is reaching its limit for the public use. 2. Place current library open carpark to underground. 3. Expand the library lot to merge with Linsley park reserve, current greenery can be integrated into future library design to protect the current vegetations. 4. Protect the demolition of the Heritage buildings when current leases expire, and the structuresâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; facade through ongoing maintanence. 5. Advocate conversion of the dwellings into a tourist spot of heritage and a local museum to consolidate heritage items into this area. 6. Draft a tour route from the library to the museum to help facilitate the heritage experience. 7. Provide sufficient road space for buses to unload/load passengers. 8. Provide sufficient underground carparks for visitors.

Fig. 58

Library

Museum

The resident dwellings can be redesign as contemporary museum with the integration method as demostrated with the Melbourne School of Design. This helps to protect the facades and to join the separated dwellings into one consolidate building. Also, it can be re-purpose as an art gallery depicting the history of of Box Hill through art works, instead of just a museum alone. But the main objective is still to protect and enhance these Heritage protected buildings.

Fig. 59

3. 2. 7. Fig. 60

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

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4.2

Access & Movement

This section aims to illustrates the improvements to accessibility and possible movements of networks. As the fact that Maroondah Highway presents a major barrier to pedestrians and cyclists, one of the strategies is to enhance its impact by limiting its north-south connectivity. This method was inspired by Copenhagenizeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s History of Traffic Engineering (2013). The partial closure of Station Street aims to limit car accessibility into the commercial precinct, only allowing emergency access and thereby grows the connectivity for pedestrians and cyclists. The new Bus Hub aims to connect on both localised and metropolitan scales, by by creating more local bus service arround the area, and to accommodate future metropolitan buses going through the area. It precedent can be likened to the recent Chadstone Shopping Center, where its bus hub had proven to be successful. As the bike network is currently segregated, this plan aims to connect the disconnection to complete the network, allowing the local to take up the cycling culture and promote physical fitness. AM-1. Conversion of Station Street AM-2. Discourage of car usage AM-3. Expansion of Bus routes AM-4. Pedestrian Safety AM-5. Connected Bike Path

Image 6

Fig. 61 795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

Produced by:

Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

50

BOX

HILL


4.2

Access & Movement (Current) 281 293 302

LEGENDS Bus Number Bus Stop Bus Route Tram Stop Tram Route

612

281

903

270 281 293 302

281 293 302

612 903

Tram 109 284

270 271 279 28 1 284 293 302 61 2 732 733 735 76 5 766 767 768 90 3

270 271 279

Lilydale

271 279

-Belgra ve Rail L

ine 733

281 766 767

765

200 0

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

100

732 735 768 903

500

LEGENDS Off road Shared Path On-road Bike Lane Informal Bike Lane Safe Walking Zone Pdestrian Crossings Fig. 62

51


4.2

Access & Movement (Future) 281 293 302

LEGENDS Bus Number Bus Stop Bus Route Tram Stop Tram Route

612

281

903

270 281 293 302

281 293 302

903

612 903

Tram 109 284

Lilydale

-Belgra ve Rail L

ine

281 293 271 279

270 271 279 281 284 293 302 612 732 733 735 765 766 767 768 903

270 271 279

271 279

733

281 766 767

765

200 0

52

100

903

500

732 735 768

LEGENDS Off road Shared Path On-road Bike Lane Informal Bike Lane Safe Walking Zone Pdestrian Crossings Fig. 63

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

Produced by:

Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


4.2

AM-1 Conversion of Station Street

Directions: 1. Recognise that Station street is an important arterial road that connects the North suburbs to the South. 2. Regonise that Melbourne aims to create more walkable neighbourhoods, while relying on shared transport modes. 3. Closure borders on Whitehorse Road to Rutland Road to allow shoppers to smoothly transit from shopping area to Bus Hub. 4. Create attractive and enjoyable walking space for shoppers to transit from one side to another.

Fig. 66

Section B-B

Fig. 63

Box Hill has sufficient north-south arterial roads. The main objective is to convert Station in Public transport road. B

B

The commercial precinct will be something like Swanston Walk in CBD; the small stretch attoRMIT. Thispublic strategy A proposed Station Street emphasis transport, cycling and highlightspedestrian the Highway barrier the walkability. Theand roadallows can also be tunnelling utilised for smooth emergency responseto from the North the South or down-sizing of highway reduce the to barrier. Thisprecincts. increase efficiacy of conversion from cars to Public Transport usage. A possible street after the amendment from cars to buses. This possibility from bus to tram is based on the rate of growth of the precinct, and the capacity of the buses to ferry people in and out of the area.

Fig. 65

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

Using a small blockage to experiment with traffic flows and bypasses.

Station Street Conversion. Using a small blockage to experiment with traffic flows and bypasses. The commercial precinct will be something like Swanston Walk in CBD; the small stretch at RMIT. It highlights the Highway barrier to prominent and allows the tunnelling or down-sizing of highway to reduce barrier, increase efficiacy of 795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit conversion to PT usage.

New Station Street is the proposed strategy in this plan.Possible Station Street relates to the far future, where bus capacity has reached it limits and trams are more economic to ferry people north and south. As seen on the left (current, proposed, possible), the green line shows the possible connectivity from Doncaster to Burwood in the far future should this strategy proves to be a success.

53


4.2

AM-2 Discourage cars usage

Directions: 1. Remove identified on-street parkings to allow for bike infrastructure. 2. Provide increased Bus timings frequency to encourage public transport usage. 3. Other alternatives for parking are to be build together with new development projects as underground carparks to accommodate for future growth.

Fig. 67

Section C-C (more info on page 57)

Current view of Station street from South to North, left is Box Hill Gardens.

Fig. 69

Proposed conversion of on-street carparking to protected bike lanes.

Fig. 68

Although the main objective is to reduce car ownership through the lack of parking spaces, there is a need to cater for existing car owners, and also the disabled. Therefore, underground carparks are the next best solution.

54

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

Produced by:

Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


4.2

AM-3 Expansion of Bus Routes Fig. 70

Directions: 1. Recognise the existing Bus Hub at Box Hill Shopping Center top floor as undesirable. 2. Shift the location of the Bus Hub when D-1 is completed. 3. Provide clear wayfinding measures from underground train station to new Bus Hub. 4. Re-route existing bus routes to match with the new terminal, using the new Linsley-William connection. 5. Provide additional bus stops around the no-car zone to facilitate more drop-off and pick up points. With this amendment, it is with the objective to accommodate future new bus routes to better service the growing population. The next direction in the far future would be to provide sufficient buses catered for elderly and the disabled, and also buses with less seats to ferry more people per bus.

281 293 302 612 903

270 281 293 302

281 293 302

903

612 903

Tram 109 284

Lilydale

-Belgra ve Rail L

ine

281 293 271 279

270 271 279 281 284 293 302 612 732 733 735 765 766 767 768 903

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

271 279

733

281 766 767

765

903

Produced by:

270 271 279

732 735 768

LEGENDS Bus Number Bus Stop Bus Route Tram Stop Tram Route

281

55


4.2

AM-4 Pedestrian Safety

Directions: 1. Recognise the Whitehorse road and Station Street intersection as a dangerous connection site. 2. Recognise the Whitehorse road and Elgar Road intersection as a high risk node. 3. Improve safety measures for pedestrians by limiting traffic speed within the area. 4. Install slow-down strips before the intersections. 5. Review existing speed camera efficiacy and install new cameras at highlighted points. 6. Ensure all signage matches that found in the City Centre for pedestrian wayfinding. 7. Ensure that signage is legible and illuminated for visibility at night time.

Fig. 71

Existing Fixed Cameras

Lilydal

e-Belgra ve Rail

Line

LEGENDS Reducing Speed Strips Fixed Speed Cameras Alert Zones Pedestrian Zone Speed Limit 40km/h The Red Box include speed limiting strips, to reduce vehiclesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; speed approaching the intersection.The Pink Box illustrates where drivers have to be alert when navigating through the intersection. The Stars are fixed speed cameras to deter drivers from speeding, as well as to monitor situations should there be any accident.

Fig. 72

56

According to VicRoads, the default speed for shopping strips is 40km/h. To encourage walkability, the stretch of road in green is therefore proposed to be reduced to 40km/h, even though it is not a shopping strip, but it is a road that connects to the shopping center.

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


4.2

AM-5 Connected Bike Infrastructure Fig. 74

Directions: 1. Introduce protected bike lanes once on-street parking are removed. 2. Connect separated bike lanes in the precinct to encourage use of bikes instead of cars. 3. Provide signs for pedestrians and cyclists on designated routes with directions to major destinations.

Section C-C

Lilydal

e-Belgra ve Rail

LEGENDS Off road Shared Path On-road Bike Lane Informal Bike Lane Safe Walking Zone Pdestrian Crossings

Fig. 73

Above is the view from Box Hill Garden towards Central. Affected street segment is highlighted in the Pink box. This Strategy aims to create the first phase of a connected network of Bike Infrastructure that would be a platform for further development.

Line

Section C-C

Fig. 75

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

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HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

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4.3 Public Spaces & Facilities Strategies to encourage people use the new public spaces and facilities, through local events and festivities are illustrated in this section. This allows people to foster culture awareness and harmony, forming the diverse identity that Australia advocates. With the important construct of trenching and covering the rail is complete, new ground level space are available for the creation of a public plaza. This help to compliment the open area that fronts Box Hill Shopping Center. It also serves as a gathering point for local residents to organize their meetups, simply to take a rest, or to host the events and festivals. Pocket parks sprouts from the creation of roof gardens, enhancing the amount of green space within the study area. This aims to bring nature into the concrete and brick forms, influencing the overall outlook and livability of the precinct. PF-1. Active usage. PF-2. Culture & identity PF-3. New Public Plaza PF-4. Moving Linsley Park PF-5. Green Roofs

Image 7 795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

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BOX

HILL


4.3 PF-1 Active use/ PF-2 Culture and identity Directions: 1. Create weather protection facilities in open areas through natural forms like trees or urban forms. 2. Provide all accessibility options (disabled) to open spaces. 3. Provide public amenities such as toilet facilities and seating. 4. Set up a event management to create festivities for local to engage in.

Directions: 1. Include art installations at identified locations. 2. Art installations to be provided as a project work from Box Hill Institute students. 3. Volunteers from the local suburbs and/or town councils are encouraged to contribute to culture awareness.

This strategy is to compliment with the development of new public spaces and to encourage people to use them actively. Innovative ideas through the form of art work that offers weather protections such as the Bird bus stop. Fig. 76

Fig. 77

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

Box Hill Community Arts Centre frequently showcase their work to the public. This helps to enhance the art culture in the precinct.

59


4.3 PF-3 New Public Plaza Directions: 1. Create a secondary plaza beside the new Bus Hub to serve as a landmark for people to gather. 2. Provide seatings, trees, and other urban forms of weather protection. 3. Provide public toilet facilities and also wayfinding services.

Fig. 79

The plaza main objective is to compliment Main Street, in front of Box Hill Shopping Center. The Stars illustrates pieces of art structures or aboriginal art form that depicts Box Hillâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s history. The yellow rectangles are sitting area for people to rest, while the green circles are trees to complete the landscape. Mission park serves as inspiration for this design, the figure above is only for illustrative purposes (Kim 2011).

Fig. 78

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795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL


4.3 PF-4 Moving Linsley Park Directions: 1. Allow expansion of Box Hill Library by shifting Linsley Reserve onto the new space above the rail tracks 2. Connect exisiting Bike path to the new Reserve. 3. Increase decidous tree canopy in Linsley Reserve to allow more shade area during summer periods.

North Towards Box Hill Central

Linsley Park

This strategy aims to provide connections of the North and South sides of our study Possible Linear Park design from Riveria Beach Heights area. It acts as a ‘sister’ reserve from Whitehorse Linear Reserve, just one block North. It can also be repurposed as a dog park, which is sufficiently long enough for dog runs.

g

stin

Exi

e Bik

R ear

rve

he

ht

ese

in

yL

sle

in wL

Ne

e

Lan

Co

vit

cti

e nn

y

g ou thr

R ear

rve

ese

Lin

South

BUS HUB Fig. 80

Possible Linear Park design from Riveria Beach Heights.

Fig. 81

Green Stream Linear Park. Davis Brody Bond design for São Paulo to prevent flash-floods.

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

Fig. 82

61


4.3 PF-4 Tram Stop Park Directions: 1. Connect Tram Stop park with the pocket reserve on WhiteHorse Road. 2. Provide a natural barrier to create isolation from the traffic. 3. Provide basic public services (e.g. toilet facilities, sitting areas, weather protection).

No

ca

rs

West, to Melbourne CBD

ac ce s

s

This strategy is used in conjunction with strategy AM-1, where the closure of Station Street would render cars travelling south to take other routes. The space in between the two open space can then be joined to create another linear green space. However, the current existing layout can still be retained for cars going West to turn left to North or a U-turn point, as shown in the top right.

Fig. 83

East, to Blackburn

Fig. 84

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795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

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BOX

HILL


4.3 PF-6 Green Roofs Directions: 1. Designate green roofs as a public space for people to use. 2. Create weather protection facilities in open areas through natural forms like trees or urban forms. 3. Provide all accessibility options (disabled) to the spaces. 4. Provide public amenities such as toilet facilities and seating. 5. Set up a event management to create festivities for local to engage in. Lilydale

-Belgrav e Rail Li

ne

LEGENDS Ground Level Green space Roof Gardens Fig. 87

Fig. 85

The amount of greenery to better produce oxygen and breath-ability. The idea came from the Chicago City Hall Roof garden (left). An example of how Box Hill Central would look like with a green roof. It can be places for guerilla gardening or people who have green thumbs. It also acts as a community culture.

Fig. 86

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

Lilydale

-Belgrav e Rail Li

ne

LEGENDS Ground Level Green Space Roof Gardens Fig. 88

63


Chapter 5. Implementation Type

Development 1 Complete review of PSP Development plans and integrate to CoW Planning schemes.

P

R

A

D

P

Strategy Direction

Main Stakeholders /Partners

Timeframe

All

CoW

S S

M

S

2 Prepare cost of development for PSP.

R

All

3 Consult with relevant construction builders on trenching & covering the Rail tracks.

R

D-1

4 Begin constructution works on the rail tracks; trench and cover. 5 Implement the building of a ground-level Bus Hub above the Rail tracks. 6 Review of Heritage locations and any future amendments to heritage layer. 7 Propose communal Design plans with economical means to increase affordablility.

P

8 Review Design plans and build areas of priority.

P

D-1

D

D-1 D-4 D-2, D-3 D-2, D-3

SP, BU, Developers

R

R

9 Investigate existing buildings with flat roofs and validity of roof gardens. 10 Implement validated roof gardens in the precinct.

D

CoW, SP PTV, Metro Trains, Con. Builders Metro Trains, Con. Builders Con. Builders SP SP, Con. Architects

D-5

D

D

D-5

11 Promote local businesses with local schools and community.

A

All

12 Advocate sufficient consolidated carparking facilities in new building sites.

A

All

Building Owners, BU Con. Gardeners Box Hill Institutes, Business Owners SP, Developers, Con. Architects

S

L S M

S S M L

Access & Movement 1 Review the priority of Station St/Whitehorse Road Intersection amendment plan. 2 Implement Station St/Whitehorse Road Intersection amendment plan. 3 Investigate and validitate entry/exit route of Bus Hub once Bus Hub is completed. Prepare a Transport Access & Movement Plan for the Bus Hub and integrate to Cow Planning 4 scheme. 5 Investigate precinct parking demands to determine possible changes to Parking overlay. 6 Investigate efficiacy of Station Street partial closure in reducing traffic into the precinct. 7 Advocate Public transport, cycling or walking through advertisements and education.

64

R D R P R R A

AM-1 AM-1, PF-4 AM-3

SP VicRoad, SP TU

S M L

AM-3

TU

S

AM-2 AM-1,AM-2 AM-2, AM-5

SP TU CoW

O O O

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

Produced by:

Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

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5.1 Implementation Public Facilities 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Promote art culture and influence within the precinct and surrouding suburbs. Improve on precinct's tree canopy throughout the precinct. Prepare a roof garden maintainence plan and manual. Request community contribution to Design of New Plaza Investigate requirements for Box Hill Library expansion. Investigate possible construction and/or maintainence complications of PF-4. Complete masterplan for Linsley Park reserve if passed investigation and approved. Investigate and provide Bicycle parking in key locations in the precinct.

P Policy & Planning R A Advocate & Cultivate D Design & Build Time Frame S Short (1-5 years) M Medium (5-10 years) L Long (10-15 years) O Ongoing

SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

BOX

HILL

P

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

Type R A A A

D

P R R R P D

Strategy Direction PF-1, PF-2 All PF-6, D-5 PF-3 PF-4, D-4 PF-4 PF-4 AM-5

Main Stakeholders

Timeframe

Box Hill CAC Con. Gardeners Con. Gardeners CoW BU Con. Builders Con. Architects TU

O O S S M L M O

Abbreviations CoW City of Whitehorse Council CAC Community Arts Center SP Council Statutory Planners BU Council Building Unit TU Council Transport planning Con. Contracted PSP Precinct structure Plan SD Strategic Directions

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Chapter 6. Summary Box Hill Precinct Structure Plan offers a different future for the commercial precinct. Focusing to themes such as culture & identity, liveability, connectivity and sustainable growth, the structure plan seeks to achieve them. In line with the City of Whitehorse Council, the strategies presented in this Precinct structure plan aims to help provide alternatives strategies that can integrate into current plans and the precinct. With its strategic location on the Eastern Metropolitan Melbourne, Box Hill Central will face more challenges contributed by its surroundings suburbs, for playing its role as a second city center.

Image 8 795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL

Produced by:

Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

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BOX

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Chapter 7. References Cover Images: Image 1, Cover Page: Box Hill Central, Cover photo, Group work 2. Image 2, page 8: Analysis & Data, Stock image, viewed 27 Oct. 2017, <http://thebridgesummit.co/t/e2HSF9fc/>. Image 3, page 39: Vision, Stock Image, viewed on 27 Oct 2017, <https://www.unicaf.org/spotlight-on-jamaicas-vision-2030/>. Image 4, page 40: Directions, Stock Image, viewed on 27 Oct 2017, <http://www.bentwindsbluffs.com/site/wp-content/ uploads/2016/05/directions1.jpg>. Image 5, page 41: Whitehorse Towers Aerial View. Stewart, M n.d, viewed 27 Oct 2017, <https://www.realestate.com.au/news/box-hills36storey-whitehorsetowers-reaches-highest-point/>. Image 6, page 50: Timelapse City Lights, Stock Image, viewed 27 Oct 2017, <http://wallpapersok.com/es/pictures/153144/ version/5120x3447>. Image 7, page 58: Levinson Plaza, Mission Park, Kim, M 2017, viewed 27 Oct. 2017, <https://www.archdaily.com/174300/levinson-plazamission-parkmikyoung-kim-design>. Image 8, page 66: Puzzle Piece, Stock Image, viewed 27Oct 2017, <https://ralphraphael.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/2Puzzlepieces-contact-iStock_000001017387XSmall.jpg>.

“Group Work 1” from here on would refer to the Report by: Chan, J, W, James, C, Barrington, R, Ahmad, S, Kam, D 2017, ‘Site Analysis Box Hill’. “Group Work 2” from here on would refer to the Report by: Chan, J, W, James, C, Barrington, R, Ahmad, S, Kam, D 2017, ‘Box Hill-Issues & Opportunities and Visioning’. *All figures from their respective section below are cited from the referenced reports unless stated otherwise. Chapter Page Cited From Site Analysis 9-33 Group work 1 SWOT Analysis 34-37 Group work 2 Vision 38 Group Work 2 Theme 39 Group Work 2

References: Development Cavendish, L 2014, ‘Communal living: the future for families?’, The Telegraph, viewed 27 Oct. 2017, <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/womens-life/10769817/ Communal-living-the-future-for-families.html>. McGilvary, M 2012, ‘I’m lonely. Is that so odd?’, The Guardian, viewed 27 Oct 2017, <https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2012/jul/21/marion-mcgilvarylonelyempty-nest>. Access & Movement: Andersen, M 2017, ‘A Short History of Traffic “Engineering”’, viewed 27 Oct. 2017, <http://www.copenhagenize.com/2013/01/a-short-history-of-traffic-engineering. html>. VicRoads 2017, ‘Speed Limit’, viewed 27 Oct 2017, <https://www.vicroads.vic.gov.au/safety-and-road-rules/road-rules/a-to-z-of-road-rules/speed-limits>. Public Spaces & Facilities: Kim, M 2017, ‘Levinson Plaza, Mission Park / Mikyoung Kim Design.’, viewed 27 Oct 2017, <https://www.archdaily.com/174300/levinson-plaza-mission-parkmikyoungkim-design>. Fig 53: MVRDV, Ilôt Vandamme redesigned, photograph, viewed 27 Oct 2017, <https://inhabitat.com/mvrdv-redesigns-the-ilotvandamme-mixed-use-block-in-paris/>. Fig. 54: Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects, Central Stockholm Design, viewed 27 Oct 2017, < https://www.archdaily.com/783689/schmidt-hammer-lassen-architects-designs-mixed-use-development-in-central-stockholm>. Fig. 57: Hawaii Family, viewed 27 Oct 2017, <http://permaculture-hawaii.com/>. Fig. 60: JWA & NADAAA, Melbourne School of Design, viewed 27 Oct 2017, <https://www.designboom.com/architecture/nadaaauniversity-of-melbourne-faculty-of-architecture-building/>. Fig. 61: Copenhagenize Design Co. A Short History of Traffic “Engineering”, viewed 27 Oct 2017, <http://www.copenhagenize.com/2013/01/a-short-history-of-traffic-engineering.html>. Fig. 68: Underground Carpark, viewed 27 Oct 2017, <http://cardok.com/>. Fig. 72: Lower Speed Limit, viewed 27 Oct 2017, < http://www.heraldsun.com.au/leader/east/speed-limits-to-be-lowered-on-box-hillsection-of-whitehorse-rd/news-story/ c19c976136774cd91662ebb0fd3892c8>. Fig. 76: Bird Bus stop, viewed 27 Oct 2017, <https://www.pinterest.com.au/pin/12736811422844518/>. Fig. 77: Substation Box Hill, viewed 27 Oct 2017, <http://bhcac.com.au/about/projects/>. Fig. 78: Levinson Plaza, Mission Park, Kim, M 2017, viewed 27 Oct. 2017, <https://www.archdaily.com/174300/levinson-plaza-missionpark-mikyoung-kim-design>. Fig. 81: Davis Brody Bond Architects, Green Stream Linear Park, viewed 27 Oct 2017, <https://inhabitat.com/green-stream-linear-parkvibrant-new-public-space-in-sao-paulo-could-help-alleviate-flash-flooding/>. Fig. 82: Riviera Beach Heights, Linear Park & Park Trail Rendering, viewed 27 Oct 2017, <http://www.rbcra.com/riviera-beach-heights/>. Fig. 86: Chicago City Hall Roof, viewed on 27 Oct 2017, <http://www.museumofthecity.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/CityHall.jpg>. Figures List: PSP Logo Figures 1-4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7-37 Figure 38-41 Figure 42 Figure 43 Figure 44 Figure 45 Figure 46 Figure 47 Figure 48 Figure 49 Figure 50 Figure 51 Figure 52 Figure 53 Figure 54 SITE ANALYSIS: BOX HILL Produced by: Rhiana Barrington (759854) Jun Wen Chan (795600) James Colgan (758137) Syimah Ahmad (725833) Destiny Kam (720755)

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Page: ii 2-5 6 7 9-33 34-37 38 42 43 44 45 46 46 46 46 47 47 47 47

795600 Jun Wen Chan (Chris) Urban Precinct Studio-Transit

: Group Work 1 : Google Maps 2017, Context Maps (edited). : Timeline of planning process. : Group Work 1, Strategic Context Map. : Group Work 1. : Group Work 2. : Group Work 2, Concepts Framework (edited). : Current Land Use Plan. : Future Land Use Plan. : Current Building Height. : Future Building Height. : Trenching Railway Plan (context). : Trenching Railway Plan. : Cross section of trenching railway. : Google Maps 2017, Railway Aerial Photo (edited). (same as Fig. 79). : Mixed-use zones (Context). : Section A-A illustration. : MVRDV, Ilôt Vandamme (Redesign). : Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects, Central Stockholm (Design).

Figures List: Figure 55 Figure 56 Figure 57 Figure 58 Figure 59 Figure 60 Figure 61 Figure 62 Figure 63 Figure 64 Figure 65 Figure 66 Figure 67 Figure 68 Figure 69 Figure 70 Figure 71 Figure 72 Figure 73 Figure 74

Page: 48 48 48 49 49 49 50 51 52 53 53 53 54 54 54 55 56 56 57 57

: Liveable housings (Context). : Housing design components. : Family living from Hawaii. : Heritage Expansion (Context). : Google Maps 2017, Library Expansion aerial view (edited) : JWA & NADAAA, Melbourne School of Design. : Copenhagenize Design Co., A Short History of Traffic “Engineering”. : Current Access & Movement. : Future Access & Movement. : Station Street Conversion (Context). : Google Maps 2017, Arterial Roads (Context). : Section B-B of Station Street (Current/New/Future). : View of Station Street. : Cardok 2017, Underground carpark. : Section C-C of Station Street (same as Fig. 75). : Bus route Plan. : Speed Reduction Plan. : Speed limit 40 sign. : View of Station Street to Box Hill Central. : Bike infrastructure Plan.

Figures List: Figure 75 Figure 76 Figure 77 Figure 78 Figure 79 Figure 80 Figure 81 Figure 82 Figure 83 Figure 84 Figure 85 Figure 86 Figure 87 Figure 88

Page: 57 59 59 60 60 61 61 61 62 62 63 63 63 63

: Section C-C of Station Street (same as Fig. 69). : Pinterest 2017, Bird Bus Stop. : Box Hill CAC 2017, Box Hill Substation Artwork. : Kim M 2017, Levison Plaza, Mission Park. : Google Maps 2017, Railway Aerial Photo(edited)(same as Fig. 50). : Google Maps 2017, Linsley Linear Park Aerial view (edited) : Davis Brody Bond Architects, Green Stream Linear Park. : Riviera Beach Heights, Linear Park & Park Trail Rendering : Google Maps 2017, Re-routing traffic Aerial view (edited). : Google Maps 2017, Tram Stop Park Aerial view (edited). : Google Maps 2017, Box Hill Rooftop Aerial view (edited). : Chicago City Hall Roof Garden. : Current Green space. : Future Green space.

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Final year Course Work  

Taking the role as an urban planner, analyse, recommend, develop and plan for a local suburb.

Final year Course Work  

Taking the role as an urban planner, analyse, recommend, develop and plan for a local suburb.

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