Civil Rights Movement WHO IS MLK? WHO IS ROSA PARKS WHY WERE THEY AGAINST SEGREGATION?
Martin Luther King Jr.
I have a dream: “This will be the day when all of God's children will be able to sing with a new meaning, "My country, 'tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. Land where my fathers died, land of the pilgrim's pride, from every mountainside, let freedom ring." And if America is to be a great nation this must become true. So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York. Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania!”
“I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.”
“I have a dream that one day the state of Alabama, whose governor's lips are presently dripping with the words of interposition and nullification, will be transformed into a situation where little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls and walk together as sisters and brothers.”
Martin Luther King Jr. Background: (January 15, 1929April 4, 1968) Education: Graduated high school in Georgia at age 15; received a B.A. degree from Morehouse College and a B.D. of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary; also studied at Boston University Family: Married Coretta Scott and had 4 children Occupation: Pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama Civil Rights Contributions: Member of the NAACP; In December of 1955, led the first great African American nonviolent demonstration, boycotting buses Fun Fact: Received the Nobel Peace Prize at age 35 and donated his prize money ($54,123) to benefit the Civil Rights movement Peaceful Protest: Martin Luther King strongly believed in protesting peacefully. This meant he was against fighting violence with more violence. Instead, during protests, boycotts, and demonstrations, he would encourage people to simply stand or sit there, even if others were taunting, abusing, threatening, etc. “Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.” MLK
"I would like to be known as a person who is concerned about freedom and equality and justice and prosperity for all people." Full name: Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) Nickname: "the mother of the freedom movement" Education: went to a segregated school house in Pine level Alabama → earned high school degree in 1933 Work: had a job in at a shirt factory in Montgomery and apart of NAACP Family: got married to Raymond Parks who was an active member in the NAACP ( National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) December 1, 1955, arrested for disobeying an Alabama law requiring black people to give up their seats to white people when the bus was full.
→ This date has come to be known as Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks and the Bus Boycotts
Rosa Parks Video link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=15p5HBFpjI Montgomery Bus Boycott: On her way home from work one evening, Rosa Parks sat in a seat on the bus in the first row of the “colored section”. When the segregated bus became full the seats closest to the front were given to the white passengers. So when the bus driver told Rosa Parks she had to move her seat to make room for the white passengers, Parks refused. When bus driver, James Blake threatened to have Parks arrested her response was, “You may do that”. Rosa Parks was arrested and fined $10, bailed out of jail by the President of the NAACP Edgar Nixon. A member of the Womens Political Council, Jo Ann Robinson made over 35,000 flyers announcing the Bus boycott triggered by Rosa Parks. Just two days after Park’s arrest, word of the boycott was out and there were absolutely no black passengers on the busses. Information on the boycott was spread so quickly through church services and the many ads and flyers spread throughout the black community, which was the main reason for its success. The Montgomery Improvement Association was created to lead the bus boycott. President of the MIA was Martin Luther King Jr. The Bus Boycott was extended because of it success and became one of the most successful uprisings against racial segregation. The boycott lasted for 381 days and many different carpools were set up to transport people if they did not want to walk. 75% of the passengers on busses were black, causing a huge financial loss for the bus companies during the boycott. As a result of the bus boycott and Rosa Parks sparking this protest, new laws were made that ended segregation between blacks and whites on public busses.
Works Cited Web: http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/mlkihaveadream.htm http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/kingbio.html http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/m/martin_luther_king_jr.html http://www.rosaparksfacts.com/montgomerybusboycott.php http://www.ushistory.org/us/54b.asp Pictures: http://textkills.com/wpcontent/uploads/2013/01/martinlutherkingjrdayLxGOagM1.jpeg http://www.wbrz.com/images/news/mlk.jpg http://c85c7a.medialib.glogster.com/media/0a/0a8429c3ce4067329ba3e04a013fa3fcdaa eb01b0da69e2b6aaf94cde9097fd7/posterbackgroundjpg.jpg http://www.citylimits.org/assets/images/slideshows/MLKdream.jpg http://latinorebels.com/wpcontent/uploads/2012/01/tumblr_lxwcu0Idl81qlgpft.jpg http://i.infopls.com/images/mlk_protestmarch.jpg http://www.americaslibrary.gov/assets/jb/modern/jb_modern_parks_1_e.jpg http://wufilmarchive.files.wordpress.com/2010/12/rosa_parks.jpg