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Research Essentials: Participant Development

1 Participantdevelopmentneedstoacknowledgenot onlybiologicalandpsychologicalfactors,butalsothe socialbackgroundofparticipants. Developmentinsportcannotbereducedtoasimple questionofnatureornurture.Itistheresultof numerousinteractingfactors,whichinclude:biological (eginnatespeed,endurance,physique);psychological (egattitude,motivation);andsocialfactors(egfamily, income,peergroups). 2 Fundamentalmovementskillsshouldformacentral partofallcoachingprogrammesforyoungpeople. Fundamentalmovementskillsarethefoundationsfor lifelongphysicalactivity.Theyarecharacterisedinterms ofmovement,objectmanipulationandstability,which accountforthecommonactionsofalmostalllater sportsskills.Differentsportscouldprofitablycome togetherandsharemovementideastoofferarich, variedandstimulatingexperienceforyoungpeople. 3 Lifelongparticipationisdependentuponindividuals beingabletomovebackandforthbetweenpathways astheircircumstanceschange. Therearemultiplepathwaysanindividualcantakein hisorhersportingjourney.Theseinvolveelite excellence(egmedals),personalexcellence(eg sportingchallenges,suchasamarathon)or participationforpersonalwell-being(egstayingin shape,sociability).Thesepathwaysarenotdistinctand therewillbeadegreeofoverlapatdifferentstages.

4 Theabilitytomovesuccessfullybetweenstagesof developmentisvitalifplayersaretoremainwithin asport. Researchsuggestsanindividualwillpassthrough severalstagesduringhisorhersportinglife(eg childhoodtoyoungadultorparticipationto performance).Thepressuresassociatedwiththe transitionsbetweenstagesofdevelopmentcanbe reducedbyconsideringthebiological,psychological andsocialfactorsthatmayaffectaparticipant.

Further Reading Bailey,R.andRoss,G.(2010)Participant Development – Key Research Themes Anintroductoryguideto participantdevelopment. Bailey,R.etal(2010)Participant Development in Sport: An Academic Review Acomprehensivereviewofresearchinto participantdevelopment.

Apply the Theory sportscoachUK(2009)The Participant Development Model User Guide

90681:20

Aguidetohelpindividualsportsdevelopand refinetheirmodels.

Research Essentials: Participant Development


Research Essentials 1: Participant Development  

Headline information on Participant Development Research with links for more information and practical application of the theory.

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