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The Benefits of

Bilingualism “A different language is a different vision of life.” – Federico Fellini Sam Coten of Year 11 Palotti discusses the ‘ample’ benefits of learning another language. What if I told you there was a surefire way to increase your ATAR by two points? Two extra points that could in fact be the deciding factor in your ability to study at your preferred university. These two points are not attainable through the study of literature, chemistry, physics or even maths specialist. These two points will accumulate in one way, and one way only: by studying a second language. The study of a second language has, with all due respect, been grossly undervalued by the generations before us. So many high-achieving students are focused solely on the study of those subjects historically branded as “academic.” However, studies have in fact shown that maths and verbal SAT scores increase with each year of studying a second language. Bilingualism ultimately aids the development of ones skills of interpretation and critical analysis. According to the American SpeechLanguage- Hearing Association, bilingualism has been shown to: • Increase creativity when it comes to problem solving and using information in unique ways • Help people develop better listening skills and amplify their ability to connect with others • Enhance an individual’s ability to learn and categorise new words Ultimately, studies continue to find that being bilingual actually makes you more

intelligent. Learning a second language also exercises cognition in areas totally unrelated to language, such as logic and mathematical reasoning.

“The study of a second language has, with all due respect, been g rossly undervalued by the generations before us.” In 2012, neuropsychologist Tamar Gollan of the University of California found that individuals with a higher degree of bilingualism were more resistant to the onset of dementia. It would also be appropriate to point out that bilingual people are often more competent in communicating in their native language as a result of studying a second language. For example, your understanding of grammatical structure and verb tenses in English will undoubtedly be reinforced as a result of being required to learn the intricate structure of the Neo-Latin languages of French, Spanish or Italian; also known as languages of love, and for good reason. Need I suggest that this be another reason to learn a second language? In all seriousness, being bilingual is kind of alluring!

Some celebrities you may not have known are bilingual:

Of course, as we pass through the technological revolution that is the 21st century, translator facilities are becoming increasingly accessible with it now being as simple as a swipe of the screen to translate an audio message from English to Arabic, French to Russian or Portuguese to Czechoslovakian. However, the truth prevails in the words of Nelson Mandela who said, “If you talk to a man in a language he understands, it goes to his head. But if you talk to a man in his own language, that goes to his heart.”

“If you talk to a man in a language he understands, it goes to his head. But if you talk to a man in his own language, that goes to his heart.”

Mila Kunis

So when it comes down to it, why wouldn’t you study a second language? The benefits are ample: • Understand the roots of your own language • Communicate more effectively in your native tongue Communicate more effectively with others by speaking to them in their native language • Improve memory retention • Improve problem solving and logical skills • Prevent the onset of dementia • Receive a bonus 10% on your ATAR Let's also keep in mind the oratory beauty of bilingualism. To contrast it simply, I put it to you as to whether you’d prefer to listen to the crisp articulation of Kevin Rudd or the nasally twang of Julia Gillard? Hint: the former is bilingual.

Bradley Cooper

Jodie Foster

Email Etiquette Alyssa Bay of Year 11 goes over some things to make sure you do - and don’t do when writing emails In this modern, technologydriven day and age, one would have a difficult time disputing the fact that social media and communication play an enormous role in the day to day lives of people all around the western world. With the internet, we, as a global community, have experienced the “death of distance”; intercontinental communication is now instantaneous and it is possible to reach virtually anybody in any given part of the world within just a few minutes. There are only few people in the western world who spend their lives

offline; according to a study by the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project, 98% of Americans between the age of 18 and 25 are internet or email users. Additional data released in 2012 showed that email connected 85% of the world at that point in time. Furthermore, according to data from The Radicati Group Inc. published in 2013, the total number of worldwide email accounts is expected to increase to over 4.9 billion by 2017 and email “remains the goto form of communication in the business world.” Thus, there has been much research done that has proven that t e c h n o l o g i c a l communication is undoubtedly an ever increasingly

significant component of modern life. Corpus Christi is a perfect example of how reliant we now are on forms of technological communication; every student and teacher has their own device, as well as their own individual email ID and login to Coneqt-S, a forum supplied to enable users to do exactly that - connect. With so much emphasis put on electronic communication, it seems without question that proper email etiquette is essential. H o w e v e r, i t c o n s t a n t l y surprises me when I see some of the emails that are being sent and received by different groups of people. While I often agree with the statement, “don’t judge a book by its cover”, I will adamantly oppose any statement that was said

Oscar Pistorius: The Trial Ravini Coorey discusses aspects of the Pistorius trial still making headlines. Oscar Pistorius, the Blade Runner, was accused of shooting Reeva Steenkamp; he fired four bullets through the bathroom door where Steenkamp was. Is Pistorius a murderer? Prosecution claims he did mean to kill Steenkamp after they had an argument. The defence say Pistorius thought that there was an intruder in the house and that’s why he fired. Afterwards, he shouted for Steenkamp but after hearing no reply, he knew that he had killed his girlfriend. But whom are we to believe? What if Pistorius gets put into jail but he is actually innocent (as he fired in self-defence), but then what happens if he walks free, (despite willful murder)? Pistorius is a South African sprinter who became the first amputee to compete in the Olympics. Born in Johannesburg, South Africa, on 22  November 1986, Pistorius' childhood was shaped partly by tragedy. His parents divorced when he was six, a fact that largely contributed to a strained relationship between Oscar and his father. Another tragedy struck young Pistorius at age 15 when his mother died due to drug complications. On Pistorius’ first birthday, he had his legs amputated just above the

knee but within six months, he was walking successfully with his new prosthetic legs. Races/Achievements  In January 2004, he competed in his first 100m race. Nearly eight months later, Pistorius, wearing a pair of Flex-Foot Cheetahs (a light-weight carbon fiber foot), won the gold medal in the 200m race at the 2004 Athens Paralympics. Initially banned from international competition, Pistorius successfully appealed the ruling and at the 2012 Summer games in London, he became the first amputee to compete in the Olympics and also competed in several races in South Africa against able-bodied athletes. However, Pistorius' artificial legs have been a source of controversy throughout much of his athletic career. In 2007, the International Association of Athletic Foundations (the worldwide body that governs international competition) banned Pistorius from competing, stating that his artificial legs gave him an unfair advantage over able-bodied athletes in the competition. Pistorius immediately appealed the ruling and in May 2008, the Court of Arbitration for sport sided with the sprinter and overturned the ruling.

After missing the cut for the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, determined Pistorius focused his training on making the 2012 Summer Olympic Games in London and won three gold medals at the Athletic Wo r l d C h a m p i o n s h i p s .  In 2012, Pistorius achieved his ultimate  goal when he qualified for the 400m race at the London Olympics.  Though he was eventually eliminated in the semi-final round, he secured his place in history by becoming the first amputee athlete to compete in the Olympics and flew his 89year-old grandmother to watch him race to mark this occasion.  "It's just an unbelievable experience," Pistorius said after his first Olympic race. "I found myself smiling on the starting blocks, which is very rare.” Prosecution’s Case 1) Neighbours heard screaming before what they believed where gun shots. 2) Neighbours also heard a woman and man arguing and then a little while later four loud bangs. 3) It is claimed that Steenkamp described how she was scared of Pistorius and his temper in a WhatsApp message. His exgirlfriend Samantha Taylor testified that he had a bad temper and had fired his gun in anger once before. 4) Pistorius could not explain how he never heard or saw Steenkamp leave the bed to go to the bathroom. Defence’s Case 1) Pistorius had a big fear of intruders because his family had been victims of crime many times before. This made him react more dramatically to a threat like this. 2) The athlete felt vulnerable because he did not have his prosthetic legs on when he fired the shots. The Paralympian’s team doctor said that disabled people often go to more dramatic fighting responses. Also Pistorius would have chosen to fight since he was unable to flee. 3) Pistorius fought to save Steenkamp’s life. 4) A witness said Pistorius was distraught by what he had done.

On March 3 2014, the Oscar Pistorius trial began. In addition to being charged with murder, Pistorius also faced two separate gun incidents. Pistorius’ neighbour, Michelle Burger testified that she heard a bloodcurdling scream from a woman and a man yelling help three times on the night of the murder. Burger also says she heard gun shots on that same night. However the prosecutors accused Pistorius of having argued with Steenkamp, resulting in her locking herself in the bathroom on the night of the murder. Pistorius took the stand to defend himself. He first offered his apologies to the Steenkamp's family before continuing to claim that he shot her by accident. During his testimony, Pistorius broke down into tears. Reports later surfaced that he had taken acting lessons before his court appearance. Pistorius denied these claims. Pistorius's lawyers called a psychiatrist to testify that he suffered from a " g e n e r a l i s e d a n x i e t y d i s o r d e r. ” Generalised anxiety disorder is described as a psychological disorder characterised by excessive anxiety about several aspects of life. That may be work issue, social problem or finicial struggles. The trial is still under way. I wonder what will happen. Is Oscar Pistorius innocent, or is he a murderer? About Johannesburg, South Africa South Africa is an amazing flourishing city with its lively bars, theatres, restaurants, museums and jazz clubs. Johannesburg is a vibrant city with breath taking tourist attractions. However Johannesburg hosts many desperately poor people in need of food, water, shelter and medical supplies. Crime continues to disrupt daily lives. Some of the most violent and sexual crimes have happened in Johannesburg where Pistorius grew up. Incidents of murder increased from 15,609 murders in 2011-12 to 16,259 murders in 2012-13. The average number of murders per day has grown from 43 to 45.

JACINTA AINSWORTH Hayley Groen reports on one of Corpus’ own - a world sailing champion.

Corpus Christi is jam packed with talent. We’ve got golfers, musicians, swimmers, actors, writers, painters, mathematicians and basket-ballers. We saw some of Corpus’ talent when we set sail with Year 11 Palotti student, Jacinta Ainsworth, to investigate her wonderful aptitude for sailing and see how much she has been achieving over the past few months.


Jacinta recently returned from

the Laser Radial World Sailing Championships in Dziwnów, Poland.


After commencing sailing at the

age of 10, Jacinta was selected for her high ranking in the Australian Sailing Nationals to compete in the World Championship. The formidable Jacinta trains seven days a week - sometimes clocking two sessions per day - and spending 10 - 12 hours on the water.

What? Jacinta has achieved a ranking of 18th in the world and fifth for her age group in Poland. However, her hard work and committment does not stop there! Jacinta will be competing in The World Cup in Melbourne this September.

Following that, she will be competing in the Australian Nationals in December. “I enjoy how I can travel with the wind and I love the feel you get when you outsmart everyone!” says Jacinta. We are all exceedingly proud of your efforts, Jacinta, and we know you’ll be prevalent on the world sailing screen in the future.

! !

! The Ebola Virus Disease ! !

! !Mikaela English !

The Ebola Virus Disease: a painful sickness - highly contagious and extremely deadly.! Since March this year there have been alarming reports of an Ebola outbreak sweeping through Africa.! The first known case of Ebola occurred in 1976 and it quickly turned into an epidemic.! Initial symptoms include sudden high fevers, muscle pain, general weakness, headaches and sore throats. Advanced symptoms include vomiting, diarrhoea, rashes, damages to the functioning of the kidney and liver, sometimes resulting in internal and external bleeding.! With a fatality rate that ranges from 25% to 90%, depending on the strain, the disease has been described by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as “one of the most virulent viral diseases known to humankind,” as there is no known vaccine or cure.! More than 1060 people have reportedly died in the latest outbreak of Ebola in West Africa, mainly in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. A total of 1975 cases have been reported, but according to the WHO, the number of people who are currently sick has been “vastly underestimated” and this figure does nothing to reflect the true severity of the epidemic.! Due to the sheer number of deaths the disease has caused, and will continue to cause, the administration of an experimental drug, MZapp, began on the 14th of August. It is believed that this drug could save the lives of people suffering with the disease, however MZapp is still !

! ! ! ! !

! !

very experimental and potentially ineffective or even harmful to those given it.! MZapp has not undergone extensive long term testing or clinical trials but due to the crisis situation it has been approved for use by a WHO panel of health officials. Even if the drug is successful, there is only a very limited number of doses available to be administered.!

The producers of MZapp, Mapp Biopharmaceutical, have stated that it will take months to produce even a small supply of the drug. Officials in West Africa are currently faced with the difficult decision of deciding whom, out of hundreds of people diagnosed with Ebola, should be given the potentially life saving drug.! So what does this mean for the rest of the world?! There is the obvious answer that if, or possibly when, the Ebola virus leaves African shores, it will signal a pandemic. However this might not be the case.! Despite the speed with which the virus is spreading in Africa, it is unlikely that it would have this same effect in Australia and other developed nations.! Ebola spreads through direct human contact or close contact with the blood or

bodily fluids of infected humans or animals; as fruit bats, monkeys and chimpanzees have been known to carry the virus. It is not transmitted in the air like the flu or respiratory illnesses. It is highly infectious in environments such as Africa’s. However in a place like Australia, it is less likely to spread at an uncontrollable speed.! The countries at the centre of the current outbreak are listed as some of the poorest in the world.! Their health care infrastructure is weak and the burden of fighting the disease has fallen mostly to non-government organisations such as Doctors Without Borders.! A representative of this group has said that "with resources already stretched, health authorities and international organizations are struggling to bring the outbreak under control." People can survive Ebola and with the right treatment and conditions it is possible that the survival rate would improve.! Despite their currently being no confirmed cure for Ebola, it is hopeful that eventually one will be developed that will put a permanent end to further outbreaks.! In the decades since its discovery the Ebola virus has changed very little; unlike strands of the flu virus that can evolve and adapt to resist vaccines within only a year. ! According to Michael Osterholm, the director of the Centre of Infectious Disease Research and Policy at the University of Minnesota, "The Ebola virus today is acting the same way Ebola viruses have always acted."! It is only once a cure or vaccine has been discovered that the world will always be safe from this deadly disease.!

How To Write A Resume


! ! ! !Coralie de Robillard

A critical tool that you will need to get a job is, of course, a resume.!


A resume outlines everything your prospective future manager needs to know. However, often people forget the most important things to include that will give them a better chance of getting the job!!


! 1.! Personal Details! Start off simply by stating your name, age, address, email, and phone number. It also wouldn’t hurt to include any additional languages you can speak.!


! 1.! Employment history! If you haven’t had a job before, don’t worry about this part. However, if you do have some experience, write about it! State where you previously worked, for how long you worked there, and what your job description was (i.e. cashier, waitress etc).!


! 1.! Availability! This is a very important point to include that people often forget. Managers always want to know when you will be available to work; note down in dot form when your availability is (i.e. after school, weekends, etc).!


! 1.! Objective! This is where you want to tell your prospective manager about why you want to work. Is it to earn pocket money? To gain experience? Both?!


! 1.! Current situation! Something managers want to know is what your ‘situation’ is. Tell them what year you are in at school and you can

even include your service philosophy (i.e. how you view service to customers. For example, you can say, “I believe in giving the best service and I understand that a happy customer will always return”).!


6. Skills and abilities ! Depending on what sort of jobs you are applying for, state what you're good at. If you previously worked as a cashier, say that you can easily work at a register. If you have had past experience making coffee, say that you can operate a coffee machine. Any skills you have that might potentially attract future employers is worth mentioning.!


With these six main points on your resume, you will hopefully get a job in no time!

Š Journalism Club, Corpus Christi College August 29, 2014

Corpus Voice Issue 3  

Corpus Voice is a student-run School magazine as part of the Corpus Christi College Journalism Club, focussing on a wide variety of youth is...

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