ECHOES Scottsbluff High School Dec. 19, 2013 Volume 98 Issue 5
r e i l r a e n a h t r e t a l r e t t Be des
later s t s e g g u s h Researc
r gra e h g i h d l e i y es hool start tim
12 12 12 12 3
by Rachel Madden Center Section Writer
Sophomore Patrick Madden droops his eyes during first period. As the teacher continues to lecture, Madden isn’t listening. He is falling asleep. Madden, like most typical teenagers, has trouble staying focused during the early morning classes. However,
are the students really to blame for this? According to the University of Minnesota, a typical teenager’s body will tell them to fall asleep around 11 pm, and will be in this sleep mode until 8 am regardless of how many hours of sleep they had gotten the night before. With our school start time at 7:50, it’s no surprise that most students are a little hazy in the morning. Yet the school continues to
start earlier and earlier every year. “We want to make sure the buses are getting to school on time. I don’t mind adjusting the schedule ten minutes if it helps the kids waiting for the buses, or buses not taking as long,” said Superintendent Rick Myles. However, there has been research done that points to a later start time benefiting students. With a later start time students receive their needed eight
hours of sleep. With eight hours of sleep, students perform better on tests and attended more classes. According to the School Start Later advocacy group, at least 27 of the school districts that have start later have shown increased attendance, decreased lateness, and better grades. When Fayette County Public Schools in Lexington, Kentucky started a later time, teen driver crash rates fell 16.2%, while the rest of the state saw an increase in teen drivers crash rates. Story continued on page 8
National Honor Society Induction, Nov. 25 Thirty-eight students were inducted into National Honor Society on Monday, Nov. 25, in the auditorium. The featured speaker was senior Counselor Julie Newman, who challenged students to practice their skills and not to be afraid to get outside advice. The new inductees included: sophomores Maddison Hall, Traceton Halley, Megan Hayhurst, Ben Heggem, Matthew Holloway, Angelica Brannan, Austin Clarkson, Zoe Holscher, Claire Holsinger, Nikolas Hubbard, Eseah Ingram, Katelyn Lambert, Paige Corr, Kai Didier, Olivia Michael, Ryan Fox, Spencer Riddick, Natalie Saenz; juniors Rachael Heggem, Alexis Lynn, Morgan Meister, Brenna Mitchell-Martinez; seniors Alexandra Green and Blake Wills.
All-State choir, band members selected On Saturday, Nov. 23, nine Scottsbluff students sang and three students played instruments for Nebraska’s all-state choir/band. Each year, 3,000 people try out for Nebraska’s all-state choir, but only 440 (14%) are selected. This year’s choir members from Scottsbluff included: sophomores Nikolas Hubbard and Hunter Scow, juniors Bryce Meier and Od Purevsuren, and seniors Ethan Kosmicki, JaLee Pilkington, Brittli Sell, Kim Ward and Tyler Wolf. Choir alternates included: sophomores Cynthia Clark, Claire Holsinger, and Kayla Jaramillo, Maddison Hall, and Krista Grams; senior Hannah Kaiser. All-state band members from Scottsbluff included: sophomore Cooper Buckhammer on tuba; juniors Matthew Mickey on trombone, and Kayla Schanaman on clarinet.
the Echoes-Thursday, Dec. 19, 2013
Mishpacha&Chagiga Hebrew for family and celebration
Family, celebration go hand-in-hand during one student’s Hanukkah festivities by Morgan Meister News Editor
Freshman Amanda Isabell’s holiday celebrations aren’t quite what the average western Nebraskan family might imagine. “Normally when people ask us what we are, we say we are Hebraic Christians,” Isabell described of her family’s hybrid faith. Isabell does not come from a traditional Jewish household; in fact, it is quite the opposite. “My dad was originally an atheist and my mom was raised in a Christian home. My dad converted to Christianity because of my mom,” Isabell explained. “We were introduced through friends of my parents,” Isabell said of the Jewish influence on her faith. As a result, Isabell and her family do not celebrate Christmas. Rather, they celebrate a Jewish holiday called Hanukkah. Hanukkah is a Jewish holiday that celebrates the Maccabean revolt against the Syrian king Antiochus IV Epiphanes to win religious freedom for the Jews in Jerusalem around the 2nd century. The eight day celebration stems from the story in the Talmud (one of the most central texts of the Jewish faith) about the miracle God performed for the Jews after the war was won. Judah Maccabee called on his followers to rebuild the altar and light the menorah in the Second Temple, which had been desecrated in the war. When the group arrived, they found only enough untainted oil to keep the candles burning for one day. Although it seemed impossible, the menorah continued burning for eight days, long enough for Maccabee and his followers to retrieve a fresh supply of oil. This miracle inspired the eight day festival, sometimes called the
Feast of Lights or the Feast of Dedication, but most widely known as Hanukkah, to let Jewish people rededicate their heart and their lives to God. “It’s a miracle that they won; it was really by the grace of God,” Isabell explained. A symbol often associated with Hanukkah is the menorah, which is kept burning for the eight days of
The light of the world Freshman Amanda Isabell lights the traditional hanukiah during her family’s Hanukkah celebrations. The hanukiah has nine prongs, as opposed to the menorah’s seven, and is lit from right to left. Photo by Courtland Marsh
and is used to help light the other eight. This year, Hanukkah ran from Nov. 27 through Dec. 5, although the closeness in dates of Hanukkah and Christmas is purely coincidental. “One of the big things [considered similar] is the lights we hang up for the Feast of Dedication,” Isabell said. “The symbol of lights comes from the menorah.” A common misunderstanding is the purpose of Hanukkah versus the purpose of Christmas. The purpose of Christmas traditionally is to celebrate the birth of Christ. The celebration of Hanukkah has to do with the gaining of religious freedom for the Jews in Jerusalem. With only 0.3% of Nebraska’s population practicing a form of Judaism, sometimes it gets hard to stay positive. “It does get lonely,” Isabell concluded, “Sometimes I have to sit back and remind myself that I may be alone in the school, or even the town for that matter, but I am not alone in the world.”
It does get lonely. Sometimes I have to sit back and remind myself that I may be alone in the school, but I am not alone in the world. Freshman, Amanda Isabell celebration. A menorah has seven branches, and is traditionally a sacred item held in Jewish temples. “We have a nine branch hanukiah,” Isabell explained, “It is something that my family has always had.” A hanukiah is a nine branched menorah, and is most often in both orthodox and unorthodox Jewish celebrations of Hanukkah. The eight candles are lit, one on each day of the festival. The ninth candle in the hanukiah is known as the “shamash” or “helper” candle,
Thursday, Dec. 19, 2013- the Echoes
Photo by Kay Grote/Gering Citizen
Good luck, Bearcats! www.GeringCitizen.com •• 633-NEWS (6397)
Located @ 1001 E. 19th St.
1522 Broadway Scottsbluff, NE 633-2345
Dining Hours 11 a.m. to 9 p.m. Sunday-Thursday 11 a.m. to 10 p.m. on Friday & Saturday
Dec.12 -Jv/V wres. vs. Alliance 6:00-7:00 pm Dec.13 -Swim@McCook/North Platte/Hastings 3:00pm Dec.14 -Speech @ Morril HS invite Dec.16- Band Christmas Concert SHS Aud.7:00 pm Dec.17 -SHS Vocal Christmas Concert 7:00 pm Dec.17 -Jv. Wres. @ Lingle 6:00 pm Dec.19 -9th G/B BB @ Mitchell 6:00-7:30 pm Dec.20 -Swim @ North Platte/McCook 4:00 pm Dec.20 -V Wres. @ Grand Island 10:00 am Dec.20 -End of Semester Dec.21 -Boys Swim @ New Castle 10:00 am This month’s calendar of events is brought to you by the Scottsbluff Booster Club Supporting academics, activities, and athletics for the Scottsbluff Public Schools.
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the Echoes -Thursday, Dec. 19, 2013
Students get opportunity of a lifetime to practice medicine by DeAnna Cortez Feature Writer
Senior Micah Holloway sits at her desk patiently waiting for 7th block to begin. She reaches for a pencil in her back-pack and overhears a conversation between classmates about what they hope to get for Christmas. The list includes all the latest technology: new iPhone, laptops, Xbox One, and the PS4. Things are different this Christmas for Holloway, however. After two trips to Haiti in the last two years, she is rethinking what’s on her Christmas list. Holloway traveled to Haiti on October 11-19 to the North West Haiti Christian Mission (NWHCM) with her dad, Dr. Jeff Holloway, and senior Kayla Pierce. NWHCM is located in Haiti and performs medical operations as well as provides care and services to Haitians. While in Haiti, Holloway had the opportunity to observe several surgeries. “I plan on going into the medical field as a career so being able to have that experience was really helpful,” Holloway said. Senior Kayla Pierce made the trip with NWHCM to gain experience for the same reason. “I would like to become a pediatrics physician, which is why I wanted to go on the trip,” Pierce said. “While I was there I helped in the pre and post-op rooms. I watched many surgeries and I also got to watch Haitian ladies deliver babies which was some-
thing I really wanted to do.” While the trip offered amazing opportunities, ultimately it was the children of Haiti that had the greatest impact on the girls. “I absolutely loved the kids,” Holloway said, “I’d walk out of the church and kids would just run up to me to say ‘hi’.” “I played with the kids from the orphanage at the mission all of the time and a lot of fun with them,” Pierce said. One of the children Holloway met was six year old Malea who, like most of the children in Haiti, lives in poverty. Haiti is the poorest country in the world and is still struggling to recover from the devastating 7.9 earthquake in January of 2010 that killed over 217,000 people and left 1.5 million homeless. Still today, many people are in desperate need of food for survival but are unable to receive it. Nearly half of all Haitians are undernourished. In response to that need, NWHCM also participates in a program called Meals on Heels. “Meals on Heels is a way for us to give the people of Haiti food,” Holloway said. “The meals we serve are often times the only meal some of them will get to eat that day.” NWHCM is not the only group helping in Haiti. In the first two weeks after the earthquake, over forty charities raised over half a billion dollars in donations to support their relief efforts. “The people in Haiti have shown me what I have here in the United States,” Holloway said,
“I see the people in Haiti always smiling. They never looked sad or depressed and they are always so excited to see you.” While Holloway and Pierce both gained skills and experience for their careers, they also developed an appreciation for what they have personally. “When I prepare to come back home I see these kids in Haiti who appreciate everything,” Holloway said. “They have almost nothing and they continue to give. I get to Haiti and they make me bracelets and all sorts of things just for me to have. Honestly I feel guilty coming back home to everything. The experiences have reshaped Holloway’s outlook on Christmas. “I will definitely be thinking of Haiti this Christmas,” Holloway said, “every time I leave the people
Hands on Learning Senior Kayla Pierce gets an up close look at the health care system while taking a patients vital signs. Pierce assisted the nurses with providing care for the patients while in Haiti. Photo courtesy of Kayla Pierce
of Haiti there is no guarantee that the next time I go I will see them. It’s sad to not know what’s going to happen.” Both Holloway and Pierce plan on going back to Haiti sometime in the future and will continue to remain part of NWHCM. “I definitely enjoyed going to Haiti and want to go many more times,” Pierce said. “You get to know the people of Haiti every time you go,” Holloway said. “I will definitely be going back and it’s something I plan to be a part of for the rest of my life.”
Haiti at a Glance • Haiti is 620 miles from Miami (Scottsbluff to Miami is 2,052 miles) • Haiti ranked the poorest country in the world, 80% of Haitians live in poverty • Haiti is the most densely populated country in the Western Hemishpere. • Haiti is the area of Vermont
the Echoes-Thursday, Dec. 19, 2013
Available Now! Get yours in time for the holidays!
SHS BEARCAT CARDS • Discounts to local stores and restaurants • Support your favorite SHS Team or Club • Makes a great holiday gift or stocking stuffer Bearcat Cards have discounts to the following restaurants and retailers: 1. Godfather’s 2. Oriental House 3. Aulick’s TLC 4. Carmen’s Burritos 5. Sonic (Ave I only) 6. Subway (27th only) 7. Taco John’s (Ave I only) 8. Mike’s Husker Stuff 9. Taco Town 10. Athlete’s Edge 11. Ole 12. Prime Cut 13. The Spa 14. Chili’s 15. Perkins 16. Domino’s Pizza 17. Arby’s 18. The Sports Raquet
To purchase a Bearcat Card contact a member of one of the following SHS Organizations: 1. Choir/Tri-M 2. Football 3. One Acts 4. FCCLA/ProStarts 5. DECA 6. Softball 7. Cheer 8. Drill Team 9. Band 10. Girl’s Basketball 11. Volleyball 12. Wrestling 13. Tennis 14. Orchestra 15. Boy’s Basketball 16. Mock Trial 17. Math Club
the Echoes- Thursday, Dec. 19, 2013
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Thursday, Dec. 19, 2013-the Echoes
Settin’ the alarms back For students attending Scottsbluff High School the days appear not only to be longer, but also starting earlier. Although underclassmen may not realize it, because they do not know anything different, for juniors and seniors the change is real. As a senior, I can attest to the fact that the school has bumped class start times ten minutes earlier than they were my freshman year. First 8:00 A.M. Then 7:55 A.M. And now 7:50 A.M. We all know the way a pattern works: earlier, and earlier each year until seemingly students will be starting school at 7:30 A.M. or earlier. The question this time change brings to mind is, ‘Why?’ Why has the school bumped up start times even when reports say high-school aged students need more sleep than other age group? According to the National Sleep Foundation, teens need nine and a half hours of sleep each night to function at their best. I am not in contact with every high- schooler at SHS about their sleep patterns, but I would be will-
Later start times could mean better student performance in spite of a loss of funding
As Sarah Sees It Column by Sarah Mercer-Smith ing to bet very few actually get that much. Superintendent Rick Myles said the change in time is due to the bus schedules, but the number of students who actually ride the buses to the high school is significantly less than the number of students who use other forms of transportation to get to school. The question is, ‘Are buses the only factor for the increasingly early school start times?’ In two Minneapolis area schools, start times were bumped back from 7:15 and 7:20 to 8:30 and 8:40. Initially, as expected, parents were worried about bus schedules, care for children during the day, and late athletic practices, but after one year into the late schedule its approval rating was at 92%. Dropout rates also decreased, and student grades increased that year in Minneapolis.
“Yes, I agree with that [a later start time]but it also means a later end time, which means that after school activities and practices have less light and are also getting home from school later and have less time to do homework and spend time with their family. And if they have a job, it makes it difficult,” Myles said. Another factor noted in the lengthening of the school day was funding. “Any school that has 179 full days of school or more is eligible for additional funding,” Myles said. “Then from there all the schools that have 179 days or more are stacked from the most to the least, which would presumably be right at 179. The ones that have the most get the most funding.” At this point it appears funding is the single most important thing to the school district. If there are
more school days, then there will be more funding. Even if the amount of full school days increases funding, it hurts students. Let’s look again to the National Sleep Foundation who said teens need approximately nine and a half hours of sleep to function at their peak level. If school starts at 7:50 A.M. then an average student would get up at 7 A.M. In order to get those nine and a half hours then that average student would need to bge completely asleep by 9:30 P.M. I personally am not home from work by 9:30 P.M. on most night, and I would be willing to bet that others are not either. What students are asking for is not drastic change; we are not asking for an 11 A.M. start time. We are asking for one half hour to improve student performance. If anything, implement it for one year, see how it affects student performance, and report the findings. If nothing changes, then we can continue with the original start times, but what we find might surprise us.
On Wednesday, Dec. 4, the Scottsbluff and Gering schools were the only two in session in the central Panhandle as a result of 8-10 inches of blowing snow and frigid temperatures
the Echoes- Thursday, Dec. 19, 2013
Facing an Uncertain Future In 2015, the contract between SHS and the City of Scottsbluff expires and the future of the Splash Arena is up in the air
the Echoes Editor-in-chief Shalee Roseberry
Managing Sarah Editor Mercer-Smith Photographer Elisabeth Wright Artist Nate Larriuex NewsEditor Morgan Meister NewsWriter Courtland Marsh FeatureEditor Micah Holloway
swim team practiced and competed at the YMCA. Finding another practice spot for the wrestling team might be just as difficult. Myles remains optimistic about future of the building. “With all these kinds of things to me, this (the Splash) is a community resource and I feel the same way about the schools,” Myles said. Myles would rather see the community decide the building’s future, rather than just the City or school administration making the decision. “My job, I think is always to
The ‘fix-It’ list for the Splash includes several high-ticket items. Among those costs is roof replacement which would cost $180,000-$200,000. The air handling unit serving the pool also needs to be reworked at an estimated cost of $320,000. There are also wall and floor structural issues that must be addressed. The Scottsbluff Schools annual budget is about $30 million. Making all the needed repairs would run about a $1 million according to the assessment from Baker and Associates, the company who conducted the study. The problem is bigger than just the Splash. The district is currently discussing the results of the complete 2013 SHS Facility Assessment Report which highlighted current needs, in addition to a host of other infrastructure issues that must be addressed. An assessment of all other district facilities will be complete this coming spring. Obviously, many conversations will take place before a final decision is made about the Splash’s future. At this point, The Echoes firmly believes the City and the Scottsbluff Schools have far too much invested in the Splash to let it wash down the drain. Doing what is best for kids and the community will cost money, but it will be money well spent.
The Splash Arena may not be the most aesthetically pleasing building to look at from the outside, but for swimmers, wrestlers and weightlifters, it’s like a second home. Those programs, however, may be looking for a new home after 2015 when the contract between the Scottsbluff Public Schools and City of Scottsbluff overseeing the operation of the Splash Arena expires. In the past, city officials have hinted at discontinuing the joint partnership because of costs. At this point no final decision regarding the building’s future has been made. One option, however, is for the school district to purchase the building. “I think right now everyone is kind of in shock right now about how much we have to do to get the Splash’s facility problems addressed and some we need to determine what the community wants to do, so we have to work together,” Superintendent Richard Myles said. The Splash, which was completed in 1976, is 37 years old. Like all district buildings, the Splash requires regular maintenance. Because of its age, however, there are mechanical and electrical system problems that must be addressed in the near future. The fact the building houses the indoor pool creates additional problems. “We haven’t gotten down to the level of exact and we’re still working with estimates,” Myles said. The school district remains committed to the wrestling and swimming programs and Myles is confident solutions can be found. Before the Splash was built, the
My job, I think is always to make the school’s what the community wants them to be, and I think the City has the same approach. Superintendent, Richard Myles make the schools what the community wants them to be, and I think the City has the same approach,” Myles said. Since the building’s operation is shared with the city, the entire community would be affected. That would include students who work at the Splash during the summer. Another group affected is kids from Gering who swim on the cooperative Scottsbluff/Gering swim team. If the Scottsbluff Schools purchase the Splash, Gering needs to be involved in the decision process, they would likely need to put in some money and share the cost of preserving the facility. “I think they’re (Gering) real open to it, and I think there’s a lot more conversations that need to be had,” Myles said.
*information taken from the 2013 Facility Assessment Report
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The Echoes is a monthly publication printed by the Business Farmer. The Echoes is a member of the Nebraska High School Press Association. The Echoes encourages readers to write letters to the editors. The Echoes also encourages all readers to submit their ideas for story coverage, feedback on stories, and any other input. The Echoes Scottsbluff High School 313 East 27th St. Scottsbluff, NE 69361 Letters with obscene, slanderous, libelous, or false information will not be run. The letter must also be signed to be run. Content may be edited due to grammatical or content needs. A signed copy must be presented to the Scottsbluff High School Journalism Department, room 130.
A continuation from pg. 1
What time do I need to get up?
Snoozing in class Sophomore Patrick Madden fights to stay awake during his first period class. Sleeping in class is a problem for most students at SHS. Photo by Leah Wright
Wake up Scottsbluff by Rachel Madden Center Section Writer Sophomore Patrick Madden droops his eyes during first period. As the teacher continues to lecture, Madden isn’t listening. He is falling asleep. Madden, like most typical teenagers, has trouble staying focused during the early morning classes. However, are the students really to blame for this? According to the University of Minnesota, a typical teenager’s body will tell them to fall asleep around 11 P.M., and will be in this sleep mode until 8 A.M. regardless of how many hours of sleep they had gotten the night before. With our school start time at 7:50 A.M., it’s no surprise that most students are a little hazy in the morning. Yet the school continues to start earlier and earlier every year. “We want to make sure the buses are getting to school on time. I don’t mind adjusting the schedule ten minutes if it helps the kids waiting for the buses, or buses not taking as long,” said Superintendent Rick Myles. With a later start time students receive their needed eight hours of sleep. With eight hours of sleep, students perform better on tests and attended more classes. According to the School Start Later
advocacy group, at least 27 of the school districts that start later have shown increased attendance, decreased lateness, and better grades. When Fayette County Public Schools in Lexington, Kentucky started a later time, teen driver crash rates fell 16.2%, while the rest of the state saw an increase in teen drivers crash rates. The U.S. Secretary Education Arne Duncan urges schools to change their ways. “Study after study has shown mornings are difficult [for teenagers]. They’re not very awake-they’re groggy, they’re not able to pay attention in class,” said Duncan. “I agree that a later start time is beneficial to students, however it’s not as simple as everyone would like. Most people only look at the part they really like. But you have to look at all the pieces and parts,” said Myles. “So often in education, we design school systems that work for adults and not for kids. Current high school hours are another example of that,” said Duncan. If the school had a late start, they would need to make up the hours somewhere. This would mean going long in the day. “A later end time is not good for stu-
dents. It means activities run later and sports have less light to practice with. Kids get home later to start their homework and spend time with family. If the kid has a job, it makes things difficult,” said Myles. If the school didn’t extend school, this would be a short class day. This thought is very exciting to students, however most administrators see a problem with it. “I do think school is good for kids, so less class time is not good. If the day is shorter, students will not have the same amount of classes offered to them. I would have to cut an elective,” said Myles. There are many claims that a four-day week would be economical to the school, however Myles disagrees. “It’s not economical to go four days a week. It doesn’t really save you much money. People say you save on heating and cooling, which you do assuming the building isn’t being used for anything which is unlikely. Plus you are paying people the same salary, they are just working 4 days a week instead of 5 and longer days. So you don’t save any money on salary. You may save a little bit on busing but again its not a lot,” said Myles. Messing with our school schedule might mess with our school funding. Each school that attends 179 days of
• He/she always calls you names or puts you down
With all the talk about schedules, how would a different schedule actually work? However, SHS’s schedule matches most of the local schools around us. Schools, such as Kearney, Gering, and Bayard all start around 8:00 A.M. and end around 3:30 P.M. Despite protests about earlier starts, many schools go earlier than SHS. Alliance starts school at 7:00 A.M. Alliance attends school the longest, ending at 3:40 P.M. Lincoln High School also begins at 7:00 A.M. Chardon may begin early at 7:30 A.M., but they make up for the early start by leaving the school at 2:30 P.M. Mitchell High School attends school at 8 A.M. to 3:45 P.M. However, on Fridays the students get released at 12:30 P.M. Many schools have a short day like Mitchell. Hasting only attends school until 2:45 P.M. on Wednesday. Some schools only have four-day weeks. Randolph, NE has a four-day week, They do not attend school on Fridays. However, the students start school at 7:50 A.M. and stays until 4:05 P.M. If the school does ever change the schedule, there are plenty of places to gain ideas from. So whether it’s a later start or an earlier one or even a four-day week, Scottsbluff can always turn to another Nebraska school to see how it works.
Running out of time by Aubree Ford
Center Section Writer Mornings appear to be getting shorter and shorter for junior Enedina Manriquez. Even after waking up extra early, she never seems to have enough time. Finding the perfect outfit and getting the finishing touches done on her hair and makeup is the easy part. Once out the door, it’s a whole new story. While many students struggle with hitting the snooze button all morning, waking up early is only half the battle. No matter how early the alarm sounds, some students simply can’t get going in the morning. Many teachers insist punctuality boils down to pure responsibility, but it’s hard knowing exactly how chaotic mornings can be for a typical high school student. “I’ve seen a myriad of reasons why students are late, from oversleeping to car problems to schedule conflicts such as needing to drop off younger siblings at school or being late from a college class,”
Students struggle getting up in time for school
math teacher Amanda Cochran said. “Sometimes there are extenuating circumstances, where older siblings are required to drop off younger siblings,” Vice Principal Matt Huck said. “The ultimate consequence though is the students, and if they accumulate ten tardies they don’t get credit for the class.” “I have to wake up earlier but it’s still hard,” Manriquez said. From car problems to traffic jams getting to school on time can be a hassle. Mornings are a daily struggle for all high schoolers, especially Manriquez. “I have to drop off my siblings at school, there are four of us, and it just makes it harder for me to get here on time,” Manriquez said. Five short minutes can either make or break the morning for some students. “I think if school started at least 10 minutes later it would be easier,” Manriquez said. “It’s all perspective, if we started school at 9:00 there would still be kids who are
Q& A: Early starts break hearts What time do you think school should start? I believe class should start around 8:30 A.M., because it gives students enough time to eat breakfast and get ready in the morning.
school or more are eligible for funding. These schools stack themselves, with the top of the list being the schools that attended the most days. The top of the list receives more funding than the bottom of the list. The system is different from the process used last year to receive more funding. “Last year all the schools were stacked up top to bottom, and the schools in the top half received funding. Our school has fared very well the last two years,” said Myles. “The vast majority of districts are just sort of conforming to the status quo, rather than being creative and innovative. I would love to see more districts contemplating a later start time,” Duncan said. With all this in mind, would the school ever consider a different schedule? “I want the schools to be what the community wants. I hadn’t had anyone come to us with a serious request. I think it would be hard on families, where everyone worked. I would be very surprised from my own personal experience if that was something people liked. I think it would create more problems,” said Myles.
tardy, it’s a lack of preparing themselves,” Huck said. “It’s drawing a line. If you know you have to prepare yourself for a time, you do.” “As a parent of two young kids, I have some early mornings to get the three of us ready and in town. Moving the school start time up and teacher hours up has put more stress on time as a mother,” Cochran said. “However, there are many factors to consider in this ball game, such as seat time needed to earn credit.” So who is to blame for excessive tardiness? Is the administration supposed to take the heat, and change the start time? Or should students step up and take responsibility for their actions? “Parents, students, and teachers all have a vested interest in educating a child,” Cochran said. “I wouldn’t look at it as who is to blame, but what we can each do to minimize class time missed and maximize student learning.” “It pretty much solely falls on the students, there are instances where it deals
with the parent, but for the most part, if a high school student wants to get to school on time they can,” Huck said. Excessive tardiness can eventually affect academic performance. “Sometimes if I get here late, something will already be started and I’ll have to catch up,” Manriquez said. Once at school though, some students are not awake and have a hard time staying focused in morning classes. “I’m more awake in the afternoon than I am in the morning,” Manriquez said. No matter how strongly students, like • Suicidal behavior Manriquez, feel about the 7:50am start time, there are too many factors that are put into consideration. “We also have a lot of students that work after school or participate in ex• Poor social skills tracurriculars,” Cochran said. “A later start time pushes those end times back as well.” • Drug and alcohol use/ While students continually struggle abuse getting to school before the tardy bell sounds, there never be enough • Early and seems risky to sexual time. pregnancy, or In thebehavior, end, time keeps ticking, morning afterearly morning. Despite the early start, marriage Manriquez will just have to make the most• of Parentificationher mornings in order get to theytomay school on time.
by Jordan Salazar
Center Section Editor Every weekday Sergio Godina wakes up to the sound of his phones alarm ringing from his night stand. He starts off every day by doing one hundred pushups and one hundred bicep curls. When he is finished he takes a shower and then picks out his clothes for the day. After that he eats his breakfast and then it is off to school to battle with the strenuous day of being an American teenager. But what happens when his alarm doesn’t go off, or if he doesn’t get up on time? He would most likely be late or would decide to just entirely skip his first period. These kids who get up late or sleep in would be quick to blame it on the fact they start school so early. They argue there’s not enough time to get ready in the morning. “No, I don’t believe school starts too early,” junior Sergio Godina said, “But
instead of starting at 7:55 A.M. it might as well start at 8:00 A.M.” “I feel it is somewhat early, but once you get used to it, it’s not bad,” mother of Alexis Lynn said. Some argue schools having early starting times lead to sleep deprivation. Teens need 8.5 to 9.25 hours of sleep a night according to the National Sleep Foundation. With schools starting this early, the recommended amount of sleep is becoming harder and harder for students to get. “Some nights I get enough sleep, and other nights I have too many things to do,” Godina said. Not getting the appropriate amount of sleep puts kids at a high risk of potential problems. Some potential problems include depression and car accidents. Students and parents around the country are pushing for later start times. Some say starting school later would fix the problem of kids not getting the recommended amount of sleep, but there are
8:00 A.M. because it’s early enough that we get out early, but not too early that kids aren’t productive.
-Bradley Divan, 11
some people who oppose the idea and say it would not resolve any problems. The people who oppose this idea say students would stay up even later knowing they do not have to go to school as early. “If school started later, I would probably stay up longer and still be tired,” Godina said, “it would be the same.” There are good points on both sides of the argument of the health of students who get up early for school, but what they learn becomes a question. Some students say they would learn better if school started later, and would be more alert and retain information better. “No, I don’t think it would make that much of a difference if schools started later,” Mrs. Lynn said. In an article on National Public Radio, Dr. Judith Owens said, “We are asking teens to be awake and alert and even expect them to learn at the time in their 24-hour clock when their alertness level is at its very lowest.”
feel responsible for siblings and/or the abused parent
7:00 A.M. because I’d rather be done earlier like 2:00 P.M.ish also , the time before school isn’t utilized for anything so • practices You love thembe done in the should mornings to give the members • It’s more ok totime talkafter about their school.
feelings,-Matthew including feelings Holloway, 10 of rage
But the solution is not as easy as just changing the starting time of high schools. The starting time of schools is close to starting times of most jobs and daycares. Changing school start times would create some problems for kids who can only get rides when their parents go to work. Also if the school just changed starting times it would cause chaos in the bus schedule with the buses picking up high school kids, middle school kids and grade school kids at different times. This is a very well know problem, and both sides have many ideas. Changing the times may help kids learn better, but at the same time it could throw off family schedules. For the administration to even consider change their view point and actually consider changing school starting times there would need to be very well thought up ideas with concrete evidence to back it up. Without this school starting times will likely remain constant.
the Echoes-Thursday, Dec. 19, 2013
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the Echoes-Thursday, Dec. 19, 2013
Classic Magic When was that released? 1937 - Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
by Bailey Imel
Entertainment Editor A sharp bite of cold, a flurry of light snow, a chill wind that rustles the trees removing the few solitary leaves left. Winter. The snowy entertainment outside provides the opportunity for a cup of hot chocolate and a warm blanket in the following hours.
1941 - Dumbo
Curled up on the couch in the warmest blanket available, one searches for the perfect movie for such a day. Something comforting, something simple, something classic. Since the very first classic, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, was released in 1937, Disney has been at the center of many a child’s heart.
Walt Disney’s passion for art started early on in his childhood, and later translated to the movie screen with the first of many classics and the beginning of a legend. The magic of classic Disney movies is not just for the eyes of a child, but for many is carried on into their teen and even adult years. “No one is ever too old to watch Disney movies,” sophomore Hunter Hill said. In the winter, Disney movies are popular because of their familiarity, from Dumbo to Alice in Wonderland, and The Jungle Book to Aladdin. One can relate the carefree setting of a childhood movie to the everyday want for comfort in the cold.
What’s your favorite? Hunter Hill, 10 ~ Pinocchio
1942 - Bambi 1950 - Cinderella
1953 - Peter Pan 1955 - Lady and the Tramp 1959 - Sleeping Beauty 1961 - 101 Dalmations
Not only are Disney classics useful in chasing away a cold, bitter day, they are also good for the heart. From a character’s sweet, funny, and clumsy personalities, to the bitter, angry character who can never win, people relate to Disney with a childlike faith knowing everything will be alright in the end. “Disney movies are heartfelt and make you feel warm and cuddly inside,” junior Jocelyn Bruner said. Whether it’s a family movie, a date with that special someone, or simply a movie to chase away the bitter day, one is never too old for a Disney classic.
Sarah Woodward, 9 ~
Alexandria Aquirre, 12 ~
The Little Mermaid
The Lion King
Sam McQuistan, 11 ~
Jocelyn Bruner, 11 ~
Beauty and the Beast
Warming even the coldest of hearts
Trapped in an eternal winter, fearless Anna races to save the kingdom from her sister Elsa’s icy powers.
1951 - Alice in Wonderland
“In the winter it’s cold, so people like to lie on the couch and watch movies they haven’t seen in a long time,” Hill said.
That is if she can keep from tripping over her own two feet. Fortunately, Anna finds someone a little more acclimated to the winter weather than she is to help her: Kristoff the mountain
man and his ever faithful companion, Sven the reindeer. As they travel through the bitter cold and up steep mountains, they encounter an odd creature named Olaf. Olaf is a snowman. A walking, talking, eccentric snowman. Together, this motley crew braves new dangers at each turn to find Elsa and bring back summer.
Written just like a classic, Frozen contains twists and turns, love and fate, and of course a plethera of heart wrenching musical numbers. Frozen is a must see for the young and old alike.
Meet the cast
Kristen Bell - Anna Idina Menzel - Elsa Jonothan Groff - Kristoff Josh Gad - Olaf Santino Fontana - Hans
Thursday, Dec. 19, 2013-the Echoes
The gap between foolish and famous is only 6 seconds Kinze DeVena Entertainment Writer
“I only watch vine when I’m “When it involves inappropribored or in need of a good laugh. ate things, I stay away from that. Everyone knows what a Vine is; The vines I like most are six second the most popular thing on YouTube My favorites are Marcus Johns and Thomas Carpino,” sophomore Riley music covers and comedies,” Lang since Michael Jackson’s Thriller Lang says. said. music video was released. “It makes the time fly by and Not only does Lang participate What they don’t know, howsome can become pretty funny after in the watching of vines, she also ever, is the reason behind these six several times watching it,” Lang creates them herself. second clip compilations. says. “I vine random things I might Vine originated in June 2012, Vines is a go-to kind of thing, think are funny. When I’m with founded by Dom Hofmann, Rus where students find relief in stressfriends I can come up with some Yusopov, and Colin Kroll. ful times through laughter. pretty good ideas.” Lang said. This app allows free access to “Johns and Carpino have some Although she doesn’t put a lot an unlimited amount of uploads, pretty funny stuff and ideas I would of vines out there, she does a lot of instant posts on Twitter and Facerevining. book, interaction with “I do revine a lot, others, and other valubut personal vines able items of the like. It [Vines] might make our youth a little are whenever I have a According to Seenive, idea, at least once the top 10 artists with more outgoing because some of the stuff on good or twice a week,” Lang the most Vines consist of said. KingBach, Brittany Fur- vine takes guts. On the other hand, some “There are three to lan, Jerome Jarre, Nash stuff can be taken too far. four people including Grier, Marcus Johns, myself in my vines. Josh Peck, Nicholas sophomore, Riley Lang Less or more dependMegalis, DEM_WHITE_ ing on who is with BOYZ, Curtis Lepore, me,” Lang said. and KC James. have never thought of,” Lang has the dream of becoming These videos are complete says Lang. famous with her vines. nonsense, but teenagers in society However, older generations may “I think it would be pretty cool today find Vine amusing. wonder how this will affect our to become vine famous. I bet I The expression, ‘It’s so stupid youth, whether it is in a positive could, but finding time every single it’s funny’ rings true in this case. way or a negative way. day to vine and also running out The people who participate “It might make our youth a little of ideas, it would be hard, but not in the making of these Vines are more outgoing because some of impossible.” Lang said. entertainers. the stuff on vine takes guts. On the The Vine app is available for all They look in every nook and other hand, some stuff can be taken smartphones. It is easy to access cranny to find something that will and doubly easy to use. too far,” Lang says. make followers laugh.
Thomas Sanders ‘Story Time’
DEM_WHITE_BOYZ ‘Twerk Team’
Ry Doon ‘High Society’
Curtis Lepore ‘Buster Beans’
KC James ‘Saturday Night’
Thursday, Dec. 19, 2013-the Echoes
Author Spotlight: John Green
Green is a quirky, internet sensation and a highly accomplished author
by Shaylen Ferguson Entertainment Writer
“ ometimes, you read a book and it fills you with this weird evangelical zeal, and you become convinced that the shattered world will never be put back together unless and until all living humans read the book.” –John Green John Green is a highly successful author of YA fiction, as well as a sensational Youtube blogger with a dedicated band of followers, and an educator. Outside of the limelight, Green leads a fairly normal life. John Michael Green was born August 24, 1977. Green went to Indian Springs School as a teen and attended college at Kenyon College with a double major in English and Religious Studies. Currently, Green is married to Sarah Urist and has two children named Henry and Alice. Shortly after finishing college, he began working on his first novel, Looking for Alaska. However, one might be more
familiar with his other occupation, courtesy of the little video snippets, Crash Course, shown in Mr. Rock’s world history classes. Green and his brother Hank began making Youtube videos in 2007, and have been known since as the VlogBrothers. In addition to Crash Course, the brothers also have several side projects including SciShow about Biology and various sciences and HankGames about videogames. The two have used their internet popularity for good, supporting many different charities including their own entitled: Project for Awesome. During Project for Awesome, Youtubers spend two days promoting nonprofit organizations and charities. Last year they raised $483, 446 for various charities, quadrupling their goal of $100,000. With just the right mix of quirkiness and sharp wit, his books will make the reader laugh and cry right along with the characters inside of the novel. Green has released several popular novels for young adult readers. These include: Looking for Alaska, The Fault in Our Stars, Paper Towns, An Abundance of Katherines,
and Will Grayson, Will Grayson. Green has received several awards and increasing popularity based on his works. These include the Printz Award for Looking for Alaska, the Edgar Allen Poe award for Paper Towns, and the #1 spot on the New York Times Best Sellers list as well as being on said list for an accumulated 44 weeks with The Fault in Our Stars. Looking for Alaska is about a boy attending a boarding school for the first time, making new friends and memories, until one event changes his life forever and tears his world apart. On the other hand, The Fault in Our Stars is the heart-wrenching love story between two terminal cancer patients and talks about the touchy subject of dying young and dealing with death. Green finds inspiration for his tear-jerking novels from a variety of sources. After attending Indian Springs School, Green began writing his first novel: Looking for Alaska drawing inspiration from his experiences at the boarding school. As for The Fault in Our Stars, influence and inspiration came from several different sources. But perhaps the most prevalent is Esther Earls, a 16 year old girl who passed away from thyroid cancer shortly after meeting Green. The two met at a Harry Potter conference in 2009 and hit it off over a mutual lack of dancing
Photo from public domain ability. She changed his view on dying young with a rich life and after her passing, he became determined to write a story about sick children. Green also talked to the mothers who had lost children to cancer to improve his story including the parent characters in The Fault in Our Stars. This quirky nerd has captured the literary world’s attention. Green’s novels have touched the hearts of thousands of people, writing about sensitive topics other authors shy away from and create unique works of literary genius. Currently, Green is not planning on another novel anytime soon, but that does not stop one from hoping.
Books by John Green
Looking for Alaska
The Fault in Our Stars An Abundance of Katherines
Paper Towns Will Grayson, Will Grayson
Thursday, Dec. 19- the Echoes
Veteran wrestlers expecting big results;
Experienced Cats ready to takedown the opposition by Shane Burkey Sports Writer
The bounce in Head Wrestling Coach Jim Miller’s step is certainly understandable when one looks at the upcoming season. His Bearcats are the Class B state runners-up from last year and they only graduated one senior. Miller is expecting some big things from his veteran squad. “We have a good group of juniors and seniors who we are hoping to step up and lead by example. We need the guys with experience to show the younger guys what to do,” Miller said.
1. Takedown (2 points) - This is taking your opponent to the ground and controlling them. 2. Escape (1 point) - This is getting away or to a neutral position after your opponent has had you on the ground. 3. Reversal (2 points) - This is when your opponent has you down on the mat and you are able to come from underneath and then gain control. 4. Near Fall (Back points) (2 or 3 points) - This is when you almost get your opponent pinned to the ground. If a near fall lasts for two seconds you get two points. Five seconds you get three points. 5. Penalty Points (1 or 2 points) - If you commit one of the following infractions your opponent gets points. -Illegal holds -Technical violations -Unnecesary roughness -Unsportsmanlike Conduct -Flagrant Misconduct -Stalling -Incorrect starting position or false start
There may be a lot of experience on this veteran squad, but they also have a lot of young talent. The team includes six freshmen: Ben Rodriguez, Kobe Paez, Kris Kizzire, Ramon Lozoya, Rob Price, and Salem Harsh. “The freshmen bring a lot of fire to this team. They are going to help build it. With this freshman class this year, there is a lot of talent and I hope they perform well this season and do well at state,” Aratani said. “The freshmen come in with a lot of experience,” Miller said, “almost all of them have worked their way through club and the middle school program.” Ben Rodriguez is a good example of working his way up, because he has been wrestling for eleven years. With such a young group of guys, the upperclassmen need to be good leaders and mentors. “I look up to Andrew Aratani because he is constantly pushing people and has the right attitude and wants us to be state champs,” Rodriguez said. Including Aratani, the team has six seniors this year. With a lot of young, as well as, experienced wrestlers, this team has a valuable commodity; depth. “We have a lot of experience and talent almost all the way through our line-up,” Miller said.
lighter weights,” Aratani said, “we have alright depth at higher weights, but we have experience there, so they already know what to expect.” The team has to be well conditioned to utilize the talent they have. “It’s really important for our guys to be in shape,” Miller said. “It allows us to wrestle hard the entire match.” “Conditioning is pretty important for wrestling. It lasts six minutes and those are the longest six minutes,” Aratani said. Conditioning is like taking out the trash. It is not the most fun thing to do but it is necessary. “Conditioning is not my favorite, but it must be done,” Rodriguez said. Although conditioning may be difficult, it isn’t necessarily the hardest part about wrestling “I would say watching your weight and eating healthy would be the hardest part,” Rodriguez said.
“Our team is pretty solid from 106 up,” Rodriguez said.
Even though watching weight and eating healthy may be hard, there are goals to be met.
“We have a lot of depth at the
“I want to wrestle the best that
Bring on the Presher Senior Cameron Presher wrestles during a dual meet last season. Presher is one of the six seniors on the team this season. Photo by Gordon Rock I have in the past four years,” Aratani said. “I plan on making it to state finals and compete well at state. Whatever happens this season, the team is going to do it together. “We are kind of like a family, a band of brothers,” Aratani said. “They are like my second family.” The wrestlers opened their season in an impressive fashion last Saturday at the Torrington Invite where the Cats went 4-0 in dual competition. Last Thursday the Cats defeated Alliance 53-16 in a dual. Last Saturday the team took third at the Charlie Lake Invitational at Cheyenne East. Senior Andrew Aratani was the only Bearcat wrestler to finish undefeated. Senior Colton Adams competed in the Walsh Ironman elite high school tournament in Ohio last weekend where he took fourth place out of forty-one wrestlers.
Thursday, Dec. 19, 2013- the Echoes
Planting the seeds for a BOUNTIFULHARVEST by Koy Potthoff Sports Editor
There may be snow on the ground, but head swimming coach Mike Hayhurst is planting his seeds now, hoping by the season’s end they will yield a talented, successful crop of swimmers. With ten returning state qualifiers along with a few freshmen that will make major contributions, the team looks as though they could continue the team’s tradition of success. “We have some state experience in relays and other events,” Coach Mike Hayhurst said. “A couple of our new freshman boys could be state qualifiers.” One of the possible state qualifiers is freshman Ian Galindo. He has been practicing with the club team Torpedoes for five years, but now he is excited for the opportunity to compete with the high school team. “I knew I was in for a challenge this season, but in the long run it will be worth it,” Galindo said. “The team has been very welcoming.” Galindo, who swims in meets year round, has high expectations
and goals for himself. “I’m hoping to drop a lot of time this season,” Galindo said. “One of my main goals is to make a final at state.” Although the team’s numbers are down, Hayhurst thinks with some hard work, the girls and boys teams could meet their goals of winning the conference meet and placing in the top fifteen at the state meet. “We are going to have to develop our new kids to be competitive at our conference meet,” Hayhurst said. “We have to do that every year so we know it can work.” The new comers, for the most part, have been progressing at a quick rate. “Usually, it takes us about two weeks or more to teach our new kids everything, but these kids have picked basically everything up after just the first few days,” Hayhurst said. “They are picking it up really, really fast.” The biggest thing for the newbies is to just work hard and keep pushing themselves to improve. “You can’t just fall in to the pool and be good at swimming,” Hayhurst said. “You have to work hard and be dedicated to improve.
“I just want to get better as the year goes on,” senior newcomer Daniel Rohrer said. “If I can do my part for the team then I will be happy.” To get his kids to put forth the amount of effort needed to improve, Hayhurst and his coaching staff treat the swimmers in a respectful manner. “I expect to treat kids with respect,” Hayhurst said. “We treat them like adults and that has proved to be a successful method for us.” The good thing about swimming, in Hayhurst’s mind, is it is easy to tell if you have improved because it is all on the clock. All the kids have to do is look up at the clock to see if they’ve gotten
Letterwinner Senior Emily Yanke swims at the Twin City Invite last season. Yanke has been on the team since her freshman year. Photo by Ken Kurtz
any better. “Improvement isn’t up to anybody else,” Hayhurst said. “There are no deductions from the Russian judge.” A shorthanded team competed last Saturday at the Hastings Invite where the boys took third and the girls fourth. Both teams had athletes missing who were competing The boys and girls next meet will be tomorrow at North Platte with McCook.
Finding his sea legs; Rohrer swimming for the future by Koy Potthoff Sports Editor
When most kids make the decision to try out for the swim team, they have fun and the possibility of success on their minds. This is not the case for senior Daniel Rohrer. Rohrer made his decision based on something a lot of kids don’t think about when making decisions in high school: the future. “I did swimming this year because I am in the Navy and after I graduate I will proceed to become an EOD Tech which is very physically demanding in the water,” Rohrer said. “I knew that what I wanted to do
in the future was going to be extremely challenging, so I thought swimming would prepare me.” Rohrer thinks as long as he works hard, his decision to swim will pay big dividends in the future. “It will make my competency in the water a lot better,” Rohrer said. “I will be in much better as well.” On the first day of practice, Rohrer was not sure what he was in for, but came in to practice ready to give it his all. “My first impression of swim practice was that it was really hard,” Rohrer said. “I knew I just had to keep swimming and try to get better.” After practicing for a few weeks now, Rohrer believes swimming is one of the most physically challenging sports one can do.
“Swimming is by far the hardest sport I have ever done,” Rohrer said. “It is hands down the hardest training I have ever had to do.” The team left a lasting first impression in Rohrer’s mind. “These guys and girls are amazing to be able to swim so well,” Rohrer said. “They are all like fish and I feel totally out of place.” Rohrer, who is used to being a well-known member of a team, feels out of his element on the swim team. “I’m really humbled by this experience,” Rohrer said. “I’m just really happy to be a part of this team.”
Senior Dan Rohrer
Swimming has also given Rohrer the chance to meet some new people and get to know some people he has not been able to previously. “I’ve met new people and some people I’ve kind of known who they were, but I didn’t “know” them,” Rohrer said. “I am still working on getting to know everyone.”