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d#.kke; Jhy çHkqikn------------------------------------------------†‹ JhJheÚfäosnkUr f=foØe xksLokeh egkjkt

oS".kokü }kjk çnÙk iq"ik‘fyµ†------------------------------- ‡„ xkSM+h;&nÓkZueü fojg-----------------------------------------------------‡… JheÚfäloZLo xksfoUn egkjkt

vkfJrtukü }kjk çnÙk iq"ik‘fyµƒ--------------------------‡‰ ok.kh&oSfÓk"Vî lEinµ†-------------------------------------ƒ…‹ ýJhy xq#nso vkSj fojg&rÙoþ fojg&Hktu--------------------------------------------------------------ƒ†Œ fojgeü vfreR;Z pfj=dh dfri; Le`fr;k¡--------------------------ƒ†‹ Jhxq#ikniùd vUrj lsodd fojgeü eqXèkrk----------------ƒ‡‹ Jhy xq#nsodh vLoLFk&yhyk ,oa vçdV&yhykdk vçkÏr&fopkj rFkk mldh peRdkfjdrk----------------------ƒˆƒ JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjkt foÓo çpkj ekufp=-----------------------------------------------ƒˆ† Jhy xq#nsodk çFke&o"kZiw£r fojg&egksRlo---------------------ƒˆ‹

Hkxoku~ ,oa xq#ikniùd fojgeü thou èkkj.k djusdk okLrfod mísÓ;---------------------------------------------†† fojg&laokn------------------------------------------------------------ƒ‰… JhJheÚfäosnkUr okeu xksLokeh egkjkt t; t; Jhxq# çse&dYir#-----------------------------------------ƒ‰ˆ -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 1


çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 3


4 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ


JhoaÓkhonu nkl czãpkjh ýJhtxékkFkk"Vddh Hkk¡fr fÓk[kj.kh&NUneü xku fd;k tk ldrk gSþ lnk JhxkSjkÂk#.kpj.k;qXes·fryfyrs ;nh;k lí`fÔtZu;fr jfra fÓk";euflA lxksLokeh Jheku~ focqèkoj ukjk;.kxq#% xq#nsZo% fda es u;ulj.kkS HkkL;fr iqu%ûƒû

;qxkpk;ZRosu çeq[kfocqèkS;ksZ fuxfnr% lqchta ;ks Hkä£ujoir oSnsfÓkd âfnA l Hkäkuka cUèkqxqZ#pj.k&lsoklqfuiq.k% xq#nsZo% fda es u;ulj.kkS HkkL;fr iqu%û„û

ftudh Ïikn`fÔek=ls gh fÓk";küd eueü lnkd fy, JhxkSjk egkçHkqd vfrdksey v#.kpj.k;qxyeü jfr mRiék gks tkrh gS] focqèktuksa (fo}kukü) eü Js× ,sls JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh xq#nso D;k esjs u;uiFkeü iqu% mÚkflr (çdfVr) gküxs\ûƒû

tks ozt&e.Myd çeq[k if.Mrküd }kjk ^;qxkpk;Z*&mikfèkls foHkwf"kr gq, g®] ftUgküus ikÓpkR; nsÓkokfl;küd ân;eü Hkh mékr&mTToy&jl:ih Hkfädk lqcht jksfir fd;k gS] tks vius xq#nsodh pj.klsokeü lqfuiq.k g® rFkk Hkäküd çfr ftudh foÓks"k lsoko`fÙkdks ns[kdj ftUgü mud xq#nsous ^HkäckUèko* inls vyÁfjr fd;k gS] ,sls JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh xq#nso D;k esjs u;uiFkeü iqu% mÚkflr gküxs\û„û

çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 5


JhJheÚfäfl¼kUr ljLorh xks ljLorh xksLLokeh okeh Bkd Bkdjj ^çHkq ^çHkqiikn* kn* ý^vkekj çHkqj dFkk* uked Ókh"kZdd vUrxZr çdkfÓkr Jhy xkSjfdÓkksj nkl ckckth egkjktdh fojg&frfFkd miy{;eü çnÙk oä`rkd dNsd vaÓkþ

xq#ikniùdh vrqyuh; n;kd dhÙkZu }kjk gh xq#iwtk lEHkoij esjs Jhxq#ikniùµftudk vkys[; (fp=iV) vki yksx ns[k jgs g®] os bl txr~d fdlh HkksX; fo"k;d minsÓkd ug° gSa] nwljh vksj os gh bl txr~dh lHkh ckrküd ,dek= vHkzkUr ehekald g®A fdUrq] D;küfd e® of´pr rFkk ifrr gw¡] blfy, esjh viuh gh nqcZyrkd dkj.k xq#ikniùd lHkh fopkj esjs ân;eü çfo"V ug° gq,A xq#ikniùdh Ïikls tks lc fopkj esjs dkuküeü çfo"V gq, g®] mu lHkhdks cksyusd fy, esjh djksM+kü&djksM+kü ftàk,¡ gksa µdjksM+kü&djksM+kü eLrd gküµdjksM+kü&djksM+kü o"kks±dh ijek;q gksµftlls eSa mu djksM+kü&djksM+kü ftàkvkül]s djksM+kü&djksM+kü eLrdküls] djksM+kü&djksM+kü o"kks±eü vuUr foÓo&czãk.Mküeü vius çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 9


JhJheÚfäçKku dÓko xksLokeh egkjkt

ýJhy Hkfäfouksn Bkdjdh fojg&frfFk] „ˆ@ˆ@ƒ‹†‹ dks] Jhm¼kj.k xkSM+h; eB] pq¡pqM+keü çnÙk oä`rkþ

fojg ân;&fonkjd ug°] vfirq vkuUnnk;d vkt Bkdj JhJhy Hkfäfouksndh ije&ifo= ÓkqHk&frjksHkko&frfFk vFkok fojg&frfFk gSA bl fojg&frfFk ikyud miy{;eü ge çfro"kZ mud Hkqou&ikou thou&pfj=dk dhÙkZu djrs g®A vki lHkhus bu egkiq#"kdh vfreÙ;Z thouhd fo"k;eü cgqrckj cgqrls n`f"Vdks.kküls vFkok cgqrls LFkkuküij Jo.k fd;k gSA ;gk¡ ,d fo"k; foÓks"k è;ku nsus ;ksX; gS fd çfro"kZ bl fojg&frfFkdk lekxe gqvk djrk gS vkSj çfro"kZ gh oS".kox.k vR;Ur vknjd lkFk bl frfFkij egk&egksRlodk ikyu 14 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ

djrs g®A fojg thoek=dks gh O;fFkr djrk gS] vr,o çfro"kZ gh O;fFkr gksud s  fy;s bruk vk;kstu djusdh D;k vkoÓ;drk gS\ ân; fonkjd ?kVukeü fdlhdk Hkh mRlkg ug° jg ldrkA nwljh vksj] oS".koküdh ifjHkk"kkdks y{; djusij ge ns[krs g® fd ^fojg* Hkh ,d mRlo&foÓks"k gSA ^mRlo* ÓkCndk vFkZ gSμvkuUnA rks D;k fQj yksxküd ân;eü O;Fkk


18 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ


fojg&mRlodk mísÓ;µoä`rk] dhÙkZ dhÙkZuu]] çcUèk vkfneü diV diV fojg&os fojg&os nuk nuk çn£Ókr djuk ug° JhJheÚfäçeksn iqjh xksLokeh egkjkt

ý^JhJhxq#ikniùdh vçdV&frfFk iwtk* uked çcUèkd dNsd vaÓkþ Jhxq#nsoµçkÏr dkyls vrhr JhHkxoku~ vkSj mud vfHkék&çdkÓk&foxzg Jhxq#nso fdlh çkÏr dkyd vèkhu rÙo ug° g®A tM+h; tUe&e`R;q&çokg:ih dky&Ókfä muij vius fdlh Hkh çHkkodk foLrkj ug° dj ldrhA ftl çdkj vçkÏr fo"k;&foxzg JhHkxoku~dh vçils çieü vorj.k yhykdks ^vkfoHkkZOk* ,oa çi´pls vUrèkkZu iwoZd çikrhr xksyksd&oSd.Beü xeudks ^frjksHkko*&yhyk dgk tkrk gS] mlh çdkj vkJ;&foxzg (Jhxq#nso) d bl çieü vkxeu vkSj çi ifjR;kx iwoZd fuR;yhykeü çosÓkdks Hkh ØeÓk% çdV&vçdV vFkok vkfoHkkZo&frjksHkko yhyk dgk tkrk gSA okLroeü os fuR; çdV oLrq g®] mudk ÏikiwoZd bl çkifd txrd yksxküd n`fÔxkspj gksuk mudh çdVyhyk ,oa vUrèkkZuyhyk çdVdj yksxküd us=küls vxkspj gksuk mudh vçdVyhyk gSA vçkÏr&fojg Ï".k vkSj Ï".kHkäd çsels mRiék ;|fi çikxr vfHkekud dkj.k çdV&vçdV yhykxr lq[k vFkok nq%[k vfuok;Z vkSj vifjgk;Z gS] rFkkfi ;g vçdV nq%[k lkèkkj.k çkifd nq%[kd leku ug° gS] og rks çdV lq[kd leku ,d gh rkRi;Zls ;qä gS] cfYd mleü nks xq.kkµrhu xq.kk vFkok mlls Hkh vfèkd çdV lq[kkuqHkwfr fo|eku jgrh gSA fuR;çdV oLrqd vçdVdh vuqHkwfr ,oa mud nÓkZud vHkko gsrq tks gk&gqrkÓk vFkok [ksnksfä

gksrh gS] og çkÏr&Ókksdd leku fn[kyk;h nsusij Hkh çkÏr&Ókksd vkSj vçkÏr&fojg dHkh Hkh ,d rkRi;Z cksèkd ug° gks ldrsA çkÏr&Ókksd tM+h; nsg&euls lÐfVr tM+h; dkeukvküls mRiék] tM+h; LFkwy vFkok lw{e nsg vkSj eudh Hkksx&oklukvküeü fo? u iM+usls mRiék gksrk gS rFkk vçkÏr&Ókksd vFkok fojg fUkR; vkRekd lkFk lafÓyÔ vçkÏr Ï".k&dk".kZ (Ï".kHkä) d çsels mRiék gksrk gSA çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 19


lso ls okd kd ek/;els ek/;els gh gh fojgdh fojgdh vuqHkwfr JhJheÚfädey eèkqlwnu xksLokeh egkjkt

ýJhJhy çHkqikndh fojg&frfFkd miy{;eü fyf[krþ cká vuq×ku ,oa vkUrfjd ifjp; mékhl o"kZ(ƒ) iwoZ foçyEHkjl&foxzg JhxkSjlqUnjdh d#.kkÓkfäd ew£reku] thoek=d ijecUèkq ¬ fo".kqikn ijegal JhJhy Hkfäfl¼kUr ljLorh xksLokeh çHkqiknus vçdV&yhykdk vkfo"dkj fd;k FkkA lkjLor xkSM+h; oS".koküus xr ƒˆ ikS"k frfFkdks Jhy çHkqikndh frjksHkko frfFk&iwtk vius&vius vfèkdkjd vuqlkj ;Fkkjhfr lEikfnr dh gSA Jhy çHkqiknd vkfJr ge lHkh çfro"kZ bl ije&ifo= loZJs"B frfFkdh ;Fkkjhfrls vkjkèkuk djrs vk jgs g®A fdUrq okLrfod :ieü geeüls fdrus yksxküd ân;eü mudh fojg&O;Fkk fdfr ifjek.keü Hkh js[kkikr djuseü leFkZ gqbZ gS] ;g ,dek= Jhy --------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - (ƒ)

o"kZ ƒ‹‡ˆ eü fyf[kr çcUèk

24 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ

çHkqikn gh tkurs g®A gekjs vkuq×kfud dk;ks±eü dksbZ =qfV&foP;qfr ug° gS] fdUrq vkUrfjd ifjp;eü gekjk LFkku dgk¡ gS] bldk fu.kZ; dkSu djsxk\ cká nÓkZUkls çrkfM+r esjs tSls lEcUèk&Kku&ghu] dud&dkfeuh ,oa çfr×k&yksyqi] okxkM+Ecj&loZLo vFkkZr~ ok.khdh vkMEcjrkdks gh lc dN  le>usokys O;fäd fy;s çHkqiknd çfr fojg dgk¡ gS\ fojg gh Hktu&jkT;eü foiqy míhiuk çnkudkjh lEcUèk&Kkud fcuk fojgdk çÓu gh mfnr ug° gks ldrkA gekjh bruh v;ksX;rk jgusij Hkh vR;fèkd vkÓkkdk ,d dkj.k gS vkSj og gSµifrr thoküd fy;s ifrr&ikou Jhy çHkqikndh vHkwriwoZ


JhJheÚfäosnkUr Lokeh egkjkt

ý¬ fo".kqikn JhJheÚfäfl¼kUr ljLorh xksLokeh Bkdj çHkqikndh fojg&frfFkij fyf[kr ^fojg&v"V&v"Vd* uked i|þ çFke&v"Vd thosj njn&nq%[kh Jhy çHkqiknA fojg&okljs ro gsfj volknûƒû vkc¼ d#.kk&flUèkq dkfV;k eksgkuA fuR;kuUn djsfNy çseoU;k nkuû„û ;knsj doys fNy òksr çokfgrA rknsj ckfèky ek;k ozr ijfgrû…û tkfr&xkslkbZ ukes rkjk çokg ckfèkyA vkifu vkfl;k çHkq eqgkuk [kqfyyû†û

30 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ

çsesj oU;k; vkckj Mqcky lckjsA eks&gsu nhu ghu ifrr ikejsû‡û egkçHkqj vkKk&cys lsod lckjsA xq#:is ikBkys thosj }kjs }kjsûˆû vkleqæ fgekpy loZ= çpkjA rksekj fojgs vkt lc vUèkdkjû‰û thosj njn&nq%[kh Jhy çHkqiknA fojg&okljs ro gsfj volknûŠû


gs Jhy çHkqikn! ;fn bl le; vki iqu% vk tk;ü] ,d ckj fQj mlh çdkj gfj&dhrZudk xku djü vkSj iqu% ;fn nlksa fnÓkkvküeü vkidh ok.khdk çpkj gks] rks leLr yksd vkuUnls dhrZuh;% mPNfyr gks tk,¡ û †&‡û xkSjok.khdh fot; irkdk ygjkus o kyh vkidh xEHkhj gq¡dkjls lc ik"k.Mh O;fä Hkkx tkrs vkSj thodk ân; ve`re; pSrU;&dFkkls ifjiw.kZ gks tkrkûˆû vkid vkxeuls leLr txr~eü iqu% lHkhdk ---------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - (ƒ)

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vkidh ijelR; ok.khdh gh vksj è;ku&dfUær gks tkrk] fdUrq vkid fcuk vkt lc ,sls çrhr gks jgs g®] ekuks mUgü fdlh vewY; ef.kdh çkf gqbZ Fkh vkSj vkt os mls [kks cSBs gfj% g®û‰û gs çHkq! vkid fojgeü vkt ân; fonh.kZ gks jgk gS vkSj mlh fojg&osnukdks vHk;(ƒ) (uked tu) fdfr çdkfÓkr dj jgk gSA thoküd nq%[keü nq%[kh gs Jhy çHkqikn! vkidh fojg&frfFkeü lcdN uÔ gksrk&lk ns[k jgk gw¡ûŠû (JhxkStM+h; if=dk o"kZµƒŒ] la[;kµƒƒ ls vuqokfnr)

JhJheÚfäfl¼kUr ljLorh xksLokeh Bkdj çHkqikn }kjk JhJheÚfäosnkUr Lokeh egkjktdks nh{kkd le; çnÙk JhvHk;pj.kkjfoUn nkl ukedk lwpdA

36 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ


ýJhy Hkfäfouksn Bkdjdh fojg&frfFk (…@‰@ƒ‹…„) d miy{;eü lkIrkfgd ^xkSM+h;* eü çdkfÓkr çcUèkd dNsd vaÓkþ

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fojg&O;fFkr O;fädh fpÙko`fÙk

Jhikn vukfnÏ".k HkfäÓkkL=h

ýçHkqikn JhJhy Hkfäfl¼kUr ljLorh xksLokeh Bkdjdh mUuhlo° fojg frfFkiwtkd miy{;eü fyf[krþ fojgdh vuqHkwfr gh Hktudk ewyeU= vkt ijekjkè;re JhJhy çHkqikndh fojg&frfFk tc lsodeü fujUrj O;kdyrk vkSj ,sdkfUrdh gSA lsO;d fojg vFkok foçyEHkdh vuqHkwfr gh psÔk ns[kh tkrh gS_ rc ml lsodd ân;eü xkSM+h;&oS".koküd Hktudk ewyeU= vFkok loZJs× çR;sd {k.k gh vfofNék rSyèkkjkor lsO;oLrqdh lEin gSA tks bl lEifÙkd vfèkdkjdks çk dj lq[k:ih vuqlUèkkue;h ps"Vk orZeku jgrh gS] ik;s g®] os èkU;kfrèkU; g®A tks iqu% dHkh Hkh fÓkfFkyrk çk ug° djrhA lsO;oLrq vFkok b"Vnsods izfr vR;f/kd vklfä] ml le; lkèkdd ân;eüμ^{kkfUrjO;FkZdkyRoa vÏf=e çse vkSj ,sdkfUrd çhfrd mfnr gksusij] fojfäekZu'kwU;rkA vk'kkcU/k% leqRd.Bk ukexkus ml lsO; oLrqdk lsok&lkfékè; çk djusd fy, lnk #fp%û vklfäLrn~xq.kk[;kus izhfrLr}lfrLFkysA* çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 41


JhJheÚfäosnkUr okeu xksLokeh egkjkt ýJhJheÚfäçKku JhJheÚfäçKku d dÓÓko ko xks xksLLokeh okeh egkjktthdh egkjktthdh fojg&frfFk] fojg&frfFk] „…@ƒŒ@ƒ‹‹ƒ „…@ƒŒ@ƒ‹‹ƒ dks] Jhnso Jhns okuUn kuUn xkS xkSM M++hh; ; eB] eB] uo}hieü uo}hieü çnÙk çnÙk oä` oä`r rkd kd d dN Nssd d va vaÓÓkkþþ

44 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ


JhJheÚfäosnkUr f=foØe xksLokeh egkjkt ýJhJheÚfäfl¼kUr ljLorh xksLokeh Bkdj çHkqikndh fojg&frfFkd miy{;eü o"kZ ƒ‹‡ˆ eü fyf[kr çcUèkþ

gs ijekjkè; d#.kke; izHkqikn] vkt vkidh 'kqHk vizdV frfFk gSA pkjksa fn'kkvksaesa vkidk t;xku gks jgk gSA tks yksx vkidk t;xku dj jgs gSa] os èkU; gSaA vkius mu lHkhij Ïik dh gSA tks yksx t;xku ugha dj jgs gSa] mu lHkhds Åij vkidh O;frjsd (Indirect)&Ïik o£"kr gks jgh gSA vki Ïike; gSa_ vr% Ïikds vfrfjä vkSj dksbZ Hkh oLrq vkils {kfjr ugha gksrh] fdUrq vius&vius HkkX;ds dkj.k lHkh ml Ïikdks leku :ils xzg.k ugha dj ik jgs gSaA blesa vkidk dksbZ i{kikr ugha gSA ^;s ;Fkk eka izi|Urs rkaLrFkSo HktkE;ge~ vFkkZr~ tks euq"; ftl izdkj eq>s Hktrs gSa] eSa Hkh mudks mlh izdkj Hktrk gw¡A* (Jhxhñ †@ƒƒ)µopudk lnkpkj vkids }kjk ;FkkFkZ :ils gh jf{kr gks jgk gSA ^leks·ga loZHkwrs"kq vFkkZr~ eSa lHkh Hkwrksaesa le vFkkZr~ len'khZ gw¡* (Jhxhñ ‹@„‹) okD;dh lR;rkdh j{kk djusokys vkids vkn'kZesa ns[kk tkrk gS fd rFkkdfFkr vkid fudVeü jgusdk fo'ks"k vfHkeku djusokys O;fädks Hkh vki leqfpr n.M nsusesa df.Br ug° gq,A rFkkfi vkid }kjk fn;k x;k ogh n.M gh vkidh d#.kk gSµ;gh vkids d#.kke; gksusdk ifjp; gSA çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 49


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çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 55


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Jhikn HkfäosnkUr iùukHk egkjkt

vgks! ge fdrus lkSHkkX;Ókkyh g® fd bl dfy;q x eü xkS j vorkj JhpS r U; egkçHkq d  vkfoHkkZod ek= ik¡p& lkS o"kZd mijkUr geuü tUe fy;k gSA Lo;a&Hkxoku~ JhÏ".k JhxkSj :ieü ijeksPp vçkÏr&yksd Jhxksyksd o`Unkouls vius ijed#.kke; :ieü vkfoHkwZr gq,A og ml loksZPp vçkÏr çsedks çnku djusd fy, vk;s] ftls fpj dkyls çnku ug° fd;k x;k FkkA lkSHkkX;oku thoküdks vfr nqyZHk mékrksTToy&çse çnku djusd mísÓ;ls mUgküus vius vUrj fuR; ifjdjküdks bl txr~eü vorfjr djk;k ftud ân;eü og mékrksTtoy çse Jherh jkèkkthd nkL;dh okluk tkx`r djusokys gs Jhy xq#nso! vki ozt&çseeü fueXu loksZPp fojkteku gSA vius mu ifjdjksad lÂd çHkkols JheUegkçHkqus vçkÏr&çsedh ck<+ls lEiw.kZ txr~dks ijegal laU;klhd :ieü gekjs le{k mifLFkr gq,A vkius vius thoud çR;sd egwÙkZeü Jherh jkfèkdkdh vkIykfor dj fn;kA vkjkèkuk dh gS ,oa tks Hkh vkid lkfékè; ;k o`"kHkkuqufUnuh Jhjkèkkthdh vR;Ur fç; fdÁjh lEideü vkrk] vki mld ân;eü Hkh Jherh JhpSrU; egkçHkqd vUrèkkZud mijkUr Hkh jkèkkthd nkL;dh okluk tkx`r djusdk ç;kl djrsA lEiw.kZ fo'oeü mudh ok.khdk çpkj djusd vkid thoudk çR;sd {k.k thoküdks Jherh jkèkkthd mísÓ;ls mud vusdkusd fuR;&ifjdj vkpk;Z pj.kdeyküdh lsokeü fu;qä djusd fy, le£ir FkkA :ieü bl txr~eü vorh.kZ gq, g®A orZeku dkyeü :ikuqx&fl¼kUrküdh egku~&fufèkd çLrqrdÙkkZ dfy;qx ikoukorkjh JhxkSjkÂnsod ,sls gh ,d Jhy xq#nso! vki ijegal :ikuqx&vkpk;Z g®A fuR;&ifjdj JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjkt bl txr~eü vkfoHkwZr gq,A mudk vkUrfjd vius xq#nso JhJheÚfäçKku dÓko xksLokeh egkjkt ifjp; o`"kHkkuqufUnuh Jherh jkèkk Bkdjkuhdh ,oa fÓk{kk&xq# JhJheÚfäosnkUr Lokeh egkjktd s  dkj.k vkius JhJheÚfäfl¼kUr vR;Ur fç; fdÁjh gS] tks Jh:i e‘jhd loksÙZ ke lsod gksud vkuqxR;eü Jhjkèkkthdh lsok djrh g®A mud bl ljLorh Bkdj çHkqikndh fopkjèkkjkdk lEiw.kZ txr~eü vkusdk ,dek= dkj.k Jherh jkèkkthd laj{k.k djrs gq, leLr fo'oeü Jh:i&j?kqukFkdh pj.kdeyküdh ve`re;h lsokdk çpkj djuk rFkk ok.khdk fuHkhZdrkiwoZd ,slk çpkj fd;k] tSlk fd ije lkSHkkX;Ókkyh thoküdks Jherh jkèkkthd mu vkèkqfud dkyeü fdlh Hkh vkpk;Zus ug° fd;kA fuR;&vkuUne; d‘kü&fud‘küeü çosÓkkfèkdkj nsuk gS] ioZrküd fÓk[kjküij] foÓkky egklkxjküd eè; fLFkr tks d‘ vçkÏr yksdd loksZÙke çdks×eü fLFkr g®A NksVs }hiküeü] fo'od lHkh çèkku egkuxjküeü rFkk çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 57


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çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 61


Jhikn HkfäosnkUr rhFkZ egkjkt

ýfuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kqikn JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktd vçdV&yhykd mijkUr ,oa çFke fojg&egksRlod miy{;eü fyf[kr iq"ik‘fy;küd dfri; vaÓkþ 68 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ


Jhikn HkfäosnkUr ekèko egkjkt


Jhikn HkfäosnkUr ou egkjkt ýfuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kqikn JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktthd çFke fojg&egksRlod miy{;eü fyf[krþ

ân;eü JheUegkçHkqdk vklu çdfVr djusokys fuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kq i kn vÔks Ù kjÓkr JhJhjkèkkHkkolqofyr JhxkSjlqUnj ,oa mud JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktthdh futIkfjdj leLr xksLokehx.k gh Jhgfjuke&lÁhÙkZud Hkwfedk foÓks"k mËs[kuh; gSA Jhy egkjktthus leLr ewy çoÙkZd g®A mlh Jhgfjuke&lÁhrZudh ijEijkdks fo'odks uke&lÁhÙkZUk ,oa çseèkeZd }kjk vkIykfor vxz l j djus o kyh Jh:ikuq x k&xkS M + h ;&ijEijkeü fd;k gSA leLr thoküd ân;eü JhÏ".kpSrU; çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 77


Jhikn HkfäosnkUr iqjh egkjkt ýfuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kqikn JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktthd çFke fojg&egksRlod miy{;eü fyf[krþ

JhxkSjlqUnjd çseèkeZd çfr vkÏ"V ,dle; o"kZ ƒ‹†ˆ bZ- eü fcgkjeü fuR;yhykçfoÔ djuk iq#"kkFkZdk dk;Z ug° gS] cfYd gfjHktud ¬ fo".kqikn JhJheÚfäçKku dÓko xksLokeh }kjk Ï".kçse çk djuseü gh euq"; thoudh egkjktthd }kjk çfrf×r JhxkSM+h; osnkUr lfefrd pje lkFkZdrk vkSj ije dÙkZO; gSA rnuUrj Jhy egkjktthusµ^;n~ vgjso fojtsr~] rn~ vgjso fofÓkÔ&çpkjd ije iwT;ikn JhujksÙkekuUn çHkq (JhJheÚfädey eèkqlwnu xksLokeh egkjktth) d çoztsr~ vFkkZr~ ftl fnu fo"k;küls fojfä mRiék gksrh gS] mlh fnu fo"k;küdks R;kxdj laU;kl ys ysuk Jheq[k fu%l`r gfjdFkkdks Jo.kdj esjs fÓk{kkxq# JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktth tks ml pkfg,* (tkckyksifu"kr~ †)µÓkkL=küdh bl ok.khdks le; ljdkjh iqfyl foHkkxeü dk;Zjr Fks] vR;Ur Lej.kdj ƒ‹†ˆ bZñ eü çk;% iPphl o"kZdh voLFkkeü mPp&inLFk iqfyl foHkkxdh ukSdjhdks rqPNKkudj eqXèk gks x;s FksA mlh le;ls Jhy egkjktth JhxkSjlqUnjd vkpfjr&çpkfjr foey çseèkeZd çfr LosPNkls inR;kx dj ijexq#nso Jhy HkfäçKku vkÏÔ gks x;s ,oa rHkh mUgküus ;g vuqHko fd;k dÓko xksLokeh egkjktthd Jhpj.kküeü vkReleiZ.k fd euq"; thoudks çkdj lalkj èkeZdk fuokZg fd;kA 80 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ


Jhikn HkfäosnkUr Jhèkj egkjkt ýfuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kqikn JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktthd vçdV gksusd dN fnu mijkUr fyf[krþ

82 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ


Jhikn HkfäosnkUr xksfoUn egkjkt

ýfuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kqikn JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktthd çFke fojg&egksRlod miy{;eü fyf[krþ viuh v;ksX;rkdk Kkiu vkt es j s fÓk{kkxq # ikniù fuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kqikn JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktthd çFke o"kZiw£Ùk fojg&egksRlodk ikyu gks jgk gSA mud vkfJr lHkh Hkäx.k viuh&viuh ;ksX;rkuqlkj lsok djd Lo;adks èkU;kfrèkU; eku jgs g®A fdUrq e® ,d nqHkkZxk tho g¡wA fdlh çdkjdh ;ksX;rk ug° gksusd dkj.k nwjls gh lHkh xq#lsodküd

lsok&lkSUn;Zdk lUnÓkZUkdj esjs eueü Hkh dN lsok djusdh ykylk tkx`r gks jgh gS] fdUrq lkFk gh ;g lkspdj Hk; Hkh gksrk jgk gS fd lsok djusdh diVrk djusij fdlh çdkjdh èk`Ôrk u gks tk;sA blfy, lcd vxkspj jgdj doy vJqflä us=küls Jhy egkjktthd ÏikfHkf"kä Hkäküls lsok&fÓk{kk çk djusdk ç;kl dj jgk g¡wA çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 85


Jhikn HkfäosnkUr eèkqlwnu egkjkt ýfuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kqikn JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktthd çFke fojg&egksRlod miy{;eü fyf[krþ fojgs.k lnk ;kps ro ikniùes"kq esA vkJ; pj.ks nsfg xq#nso Ïike;e~û vFkkZr~] gs Ïike; xq#nso! rhoz fojgls ;qä gksdj e® vkid Jhpj.kküeü ;gh ;kpuk djrk gw¡ fd vki eq>s vius Jhpj.kdeyküeü lnk vkJ; çnku djüA fojg&osnukµvU;kU; leLr çdkjdh osnukvküdks rqPN dj nsusokyh JhÏ".k&Hkäd fojgd leku bl txr~eü vkSj dksbZ Hkh nq%[k ug° gS] fQj blls c<+dj dksbZ nq%[k gksxk] ,slk çÓu gh ug° mBrkA vRk% Hkä&fojgdh osnukdh rqyuk fdlls dh tk;\ dkydV fo"k] ryokjdh èkkj] ngdrk vaxkj vkfn dh osnuk,¡ Hkh tgk¡ij rqPN gks tkrh g®] ,slh gksrh gS Hkä&fojgdh osnukA Jhy ujksÙkenkl Bkdjus viuh fojg&osnuk Hkh dN blh çdkjls vfHkO;ä dh g®μ ik"kk.ks dfVcks ekFkk] vuys ifÓkcksA xkSSjk xq.ksj fufèk dksFkk xsys ikcksû vFkkZr~ JhxkSjlqUnjd xq.kküdh fufèk Lo:i Jhfuoklkpk;Z çHkqdks e® vc dgk¡ tkdj ikÅ¡\ mud vnÓkZudh tks osnuk gS] og vlguh; gS] e® vc D;k d:¡\ e® viuk eLrd iRFkjij QksM+¡w vFkok vfXueü çosÓk dj tkÅ¡] eq>s ;g le>eü ug° vkrk gS fd bl osnukdh ifjlekfIr dls gksxh\ mä dFku ije lR; gh gS] D;küfd ftUgküus lk{kkr~:ils Jhy xq#nsodh lsokfndk lkSHkkX; çkIr fd;k gS] os mu leLr Le`fr;küdks dls foLe`r dj ik,¡xs\ 90 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ


Jhikn HkfäosnkUr fo".kqnSor egkjkt ýfuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kqikn JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktthd çFke fojg&egksRlod miy{;eü fyf[krþ

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JhvkuUn Lo:i dyk ýfuR;yhykçfo"V ¬ fo".kqikn JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktthd çFke fojg&egksRlod miy{;eü fyf[krþ

Hkxoku~dh çsj.kkls vkuUnèkkedk fuekZ.k esjk tUe ,d le`¼] lEiék ,oa èkk£ed ifjokjeü gqvk FkkA cpiuls gh Ï".k&iwtk] Hkfä esjs thoueü jpip xbZ FkhA ikfjokfjd efUnj gksusd dkj.k lsoko`fÙk ,oa çseHkfädk ekxZ çÓkLr gksrk jgkA Jhèkke o`Unkou vkusij bLdkWu efUnjdk HkfäHkko eq>s #fpdj yxrk FkkA bLdkWueü #dusd dkj.k ogk¡d Hkäküls esjs lEcUèk n`<+ gksrs x,A ogk¡ Jhy HkfäosnkUr Lokeh egkjktd xzUFkküdks i<+usd ckn eq>eü ,d ifjorZu vk;k vkSj eSa

fopkj djus yxk fd lpeqpeü ;g euq"; thou Hkxoku~dh Hkfä djusd fy, gh çk gqvk gSA eSaus mlh fnu n`<+&lÁYi fd;k fd vius ikfjokfjd nkf;Roküdks lEiw.kZ djusd ckn e® viuh lEifÙk Hkxon~lsokeü yxk nw¡xkA nSodh bl çsj.kkls eq>s cy feykA e® bLdkWueü ÓkS{kf.kd xfrfofèk;küeü dN vFkZ O;; djuk pkgrk Fkk] ijUrq esjs ÓkqHk&fpUrdküus eq>s ijkeÓkZ fn;k fd vki 'kS{kf.kd xfrfofèk;kü rFkk HkxoÚäküdh lsok gsrq i`Fkd :ils gh fpj Lej.kh; dksbZ fuekZ.k dk;Z djü] ge lc vkidks iw.kZ lg;ksx nüxsA çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 125


Jh;qäk mek nklh ýJhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktd vçdV&yhykd mijkUr ,oa çFke fojg&egksRlod miy{;eü fyf[kr iq"ik‘fy;küd dfri; vaÓkþ ÏrKrk&Kkiu ftUgksaus eq>s Jhxq#&lsokdh fÓk{kk] :ikuqx&fopkj] Hktu&jgL; ,oa ;qxy&fdÓkksjdh lsok&fÓk{kk çnku dh gS] tks JheUegkçHkqdh èkkjkeü thodk ikjek£Fkd eq[; y{; vFkkZr Jherh jkèkkjkuhdh ikY;nklh gksud s  yksHk:ih oklukdk cht cksusokys g®] mu fÓk{kkxq#nso fuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kqikn JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktd pj.kdeyküeü vuUr dksfV n.Mor~ ç.kke fuosnu djrh gw¡A mud vHk; pj.kdeyküeü esjh iqu%&iqu% çkFkZuk gS fd mud pj.kdeyküd çfr esjk lqn`< fo‚kl ,oa fu×k tkx`r gksA Jhxq#&oS".koksadh çlékrk gh esjh ,dek= y{; oLrq gksA JkSr&ijEijkls Jo.k fd;s x;s fo"k;dk gh dhÙkZu Jhgfj&xq#&oS".koküd Lej.kls fo? uküdk foukÓk gksrk gSA ^oS".kosj xq.kxku dfjys thosj =k.k vFkkZr~ oS".koküdk xq.kxku djusls thoküdk =k.k gksrk gSA* fdUrq] oS".koküdk xq.kxku dkSu dj ldrk gS\ ftldk lEcUèk Kku mfnr gqvk gS] Hktueü dN mékfr gqbZ gS] mlhd }kjk gh okLroeü Jhxq#nsodh efgekdk xku lEHkoij gSA rFkkfi c¼&thod fy, JkSr&ijEijkeü Jo.k fd, x;s fo"k;d dhÙkZuls gh ân; ifo= gksrk gS vkSj ftàk Ókq¼ gksrh gSA

Lo;a efgekfUor esjs nh{kk xq#ikniù fuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kqikn JhJheÚfäosnkUr okeu xksLokeh egkjktdh dFkkd vuqlkj gfj&xq#&oS".koksad xq.k&efgek dhÙkZu djusd fy, ;fn lkrkü leqæ L;kgh (Ink) d :ieü dfYir gkas] fgeky;dh mPp pksfV;k¡ ys[kuh vFkkZr dyed :ieü dfYir gksa rFkk i`Foh dkxtd :ieü dfYir gks] rc Hkh mudh efgekdk lEiw.kZ :ils o.kZu lEHko ug° gSA xq#&oS".ko viuh&viuh efgekeü fojkftr pUæ&lw;Zd leku gh gSaA çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 127


Jh;qäk äk ';kejkuh nklh

ýfuR;yhykçfo"V ¬ fo".kqikn JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktthd vçdV gksusd dN  fnu mijkUr fyf[krþ

xq# ,oa fÓk"; fuR;&lEcUèk;qä loZçFke e® vius nh{kk&xq#ikniù fuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kqikn vÔksÙkjÓkr JhJheÚfäosnkUr Lokeh egkjktthd Jhpj.kdeyküeü vuUrdksfV n.Mor ç.kke fuosnu djrh gw]¡ rRikr~ vius fÓk{kk&xq#ikniù fuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kqikn vÔksÙkjÓkr JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktthd Jhpj.kdeyküeü Hkh vuUrdksfV n.Mor ç.kke Kkiu djrh gwA¡ e® vius ikjek£Fkd eÂydh ftruh

dkeuk ugha djrh] esjs nh{kk ,oa fÓk{kk&xq#nso mlls Hkh vuUrxq.kk vfèkd esjs eÂydh dkeuk djrs g®] blfy, os eq>s esjh vkRekls Hkh vfèkd vkReh; (fç;) g®A e®us Jhy xq#nsod Jheq[kkjfoUnls Jo.k fd;k gS fd ftl çdkj ty vkSj mldh vkærk dHkh i`Fkd ug° gksrs] ftl çdkj vfXu vkSj mldk rki ,oa çdkÓk dHkh i`Fkd ug° gksrs] mlh çdkj låq# vkSj lr~fÓk"; Hkh dHkh i`Fkd ug° gks ldrsA çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 129


Jherh (MkW) eèkq [k.Msyoky ýfuR;yhykçfoÔ JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktthd JhtxékkFk iqjh èkkeeü vLoLFk&yhyk&dkyeü fyf[krþ

ueLrs xq#nsok; lokZflf¼ çnkf;usA loZeÂy:ik; lokZuUn foèkkf;usû ijekjkè;e~ JhJhy xq#nsodh vkfoHkkZo frfFkij mudk Lej.k djrs gq;s ân; vR;fèkd jksekfr gks jgk gSA ,sls ije&Hkkxor egkiq#"kd tUed dkj.k ;g ekSuh vekoL;k frfFk Lo;a gh èkU; ,oa fuR; Ïike;h gqbZ gSA dksfV&dksfV tuküd ân;eü O;k vKku:ih redks nwj djusd fy;s gh rks Jhen~ ukjk;.k&HkkLdj bl frfFk ij çdV gq;s g®A mudh Le`frek=ls Ókhrdkydh&tM+rk nwj gksrh gS] nÓkZuek=ls ân;eü vçkÏr vkuUndh vuqHkwfr gksrh gS] lalkj&nkokfXu ÓkkUr gksrh gS vkSj mUg°dh Ïik&pfUædk Ókphiq=&Lo:i&jkxls fpÙkdks vkÍkfnr dj jkèkk&Hkkols foHkkfor djrh gSA 132 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ

f=Hkqou ikou O;fäRo eq> tSls rkefld cqf¼okys c¼&thod fy;s mudh vykSfdd efgekdk o.kZu lEHko ugha gS] rFkkfi ;g dgrs gq, eq>s vR;Ur mYykl gks jgk gS fd ƒ‹‰‹ bZ- eü tc e®us Jhxq#nsod çFke nÓkZu fd;s Fks rks mud :i vkSj Lo:ius eq>s vk;Zpfdr vkSj lQy&euksjFk dj fn;k FkkA mudk mTToy eLrd fnO; rstdh vÚqr xfjekls ef.Mr gks jgk Fkk] vçkÏr oiq ;e&caèkuls NqVdkjk fnykusdks rRij Fkh vkSj xkSj&Hkkols foHkkfor ok.kh Ï".k&çse&èkudks Hkj&Hkj gkFk yqVk jgh FkhA e® iqdkj mBh Fkhµgs nso! bl vèke ij Ïik dhft,] Ïik dhft,] gs ukFk! =kfg eke~! ikfg eke~! esjh çkFkZuk Lohdkj dhft,A


ýfuR;yhykçfoÔ JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktthd vçdV gksusd dN fnu mijkUr fyf[krþ

Jherh iwue nsoh nklh

lkalkfjd lEcUèkküdks rqPN vuqHko djk nsus okys yxHkx lrjg o"kZ iwoZ ƒ‹‹… bZ- esa gekjk ije lkSHkkX; mfnr gqvk tc gesa çFke ckj Jhy xq#nsod n'kZu çk gq,A rhu o"kks±ls ge låq#dh [kkstesa Fks vkSj vUrr% fxfjjktth dh Ïikls gesa gekjs xq#nsodk lk{kkRdkj çkIr gqvkA Jhy xq#nsodk bruk Å¡pk O;fäRo Fkk fd ge mls le> gh ug° ldrs Fks] fdUrq mudh eerk Hkjh eqLdku vkSj ^csVh* ÓkCnd mPpkj.kus eq>s muls ,sls tksM+ fn;k ekuks e® vius tUe&tUekUrjd firkls feyh gksÅ¡A tSls&tSls e® muls feyrh xbZ mud okRlY;ls mud çfr J¼k c<+rh xbZ vkSj mudh eerkd le{k lalkjd lHkh lEcUèk Qhd yxus yxsA gksus yxsxk] rc rqEgkjs ikiküdk rks dguk gh D;k] vfr lgt :ieü vR;Ur mPp fopkjküeü çfoÔ iki djusdh okluk rd Hkh vius vki nwj gksus yx tk,xhA geus xq#nsols iwNk fd geü Hkxoku~ls djk nsusokys çse dls gksxk\ blds mÙkjeü xq#nsous dgk fd çse Jhy xq#nso cM+s çsels NksVh&NksVh ckrs geü fl[kykus yxs ftlls gekjh ikjek£Fkd mékfr rks gqbZ] gksusd fy, igys lEcUèk tksM+uk iM+rk gS vkSj fQj lkFk gh geü irk Hkh ug° yxk fd dls ge brus ftl oLrqeü ge energy yxkrs gS mlh oLrqls ge mPp fl¼kUr ljyrkls lh[kus yxsA Jhy xq#nsous attach gks tkrs g®A tc lEcU/kd vuqdy ge cryk;k rqe ;s Ókjhj ugh gks] rqe Hkxoku~ls fcNM+s ml oLrqdh lsok djrs gSa] rHkh gekjh eerk mlls gq, tho gks vkSj muls nwj gksusd dkj.k gh nq[kh tqM+rh gS vkSj blh esjsiudh Hkkoukls çse gksrk gSA gksµbl ckrdks le>ksA ge dgrs fd xq#nso geü rksÏ".k Lo;a Hkxoku gksdj Hkh blh eerkd dkj.k igys vius iki nwj djus gksaxs] rHkh ge Hkxoku~dh oztokfl;küd çsed vkSj foÓks"kdj xksfi;küd çsed Hkfä dj ik,¡xs] fdUrq xq#nso bldk lekèkku djrs oÓkhHkwr gks x,A rqEgü Hkh oztokfl;küdh Hkk¡fr gh gq, dgrs] vjs! eVdls gok fudkyuk vlEHko gS] Ï".kdh lsok djus dh ifjikVh lh[kuh gksxhA rc ysfdu mleü ikuh Hkjusls gok vius vki fudy rqEgkjk thou èkU; gks tk,xkA ,d fnu geus iwNk] tk,xhA rqe vius ç;klls ikiküdks nwj ug° dj ßxq#nso! çse gksrk D;k gS\Þ rc Jhy xq#nsous ikvksx]s ysfdu gfjuke djusls rqEgs tc Hkxoku~ls çsedgk] ßHkko VwVusdk dkj.k mifLFkr gksusij Hkh tks 136 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ


ok.kh&oSfÓkÔ~î lEin~µ† ýJhy xq#nso vkSj fojg&rÙoþ

çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 139


JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjkt }kjk çnÙk oä`rkvküls lÁfyr Hkh JhHkxokudh v?kVu&?kVu&iVh;lh yhyk'kfä ,d fojgµçsedh ,d viwoZ voLFkk loZ'kfäeku~ JhHkxokuds lkFk mudh Lo:i 'kfädk viwoZ jloSfp«; mRiUu djusds fy, fuR;&feyuds vfoPNs| lEcUèk gS] ^'kfä'kfäerksjHksn% vFkkZr~ Ókfä chp Hkh foPNsn ;k fojg uked ,d fØ;kdks la?kfVr s dh ,d viwoZ voLFkk gSA vkSj Ókfäekueü vHksn gS* (osnkUrlw=)A vr% foPNsn djkrh gSA ;g fojg gh ize ize s dYir#ds izFke vÁ¨j Jhy ekèkosUæiqjhiknus uked fdlh Hkh fØ;kdk ogk¡ LFkku ug° jgus ij viuh fl¼ voLFkkesa ekFkqjfojfg.kh Jhjkèkkt hdh foykilwpd mfädks bl viwoZ 'yksdeü çdkfÓkr fd;k gSµ vf; nhun;kæZukFk] gs eFkqjkukFk] dnkoyksD;lsA ân;a Ronyksddkrja nf;r HkzkE;fr fda djksE;ge~û (pSñpñ eè; †@ƒ‹‰) ývFkkZr~ gs nhun;kæZukFk! gs eFkqjkukFk! dc rqEgkjs nÓkZu çk d:¡xh\ rqEgkjs nÓkZud vHkkoeü esjk dkrj ân; vfLFkj gks x;k gS! gs nf;r! vc e® D;k d:¡\þ JhÏ".kds eFkqjk tkusij muds fojgesa Jherh jkfèkdkesa egkize s (egkHkko) dk tks çdVu gqvk Fkk] ml Hkkods vuqxr gksdj tks Hktu gS] ogh loksÙZ ke gSA

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(ƒ)

140 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ


fojgeü vfreR;Z pfj=dh dfri; Le`fr;k¡ JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjkt ýJhJheÚfäosnkUr okeu xksLokeh egkjktthdh çFke fojg&frfFkd miy{;eü o"kZ „ŒŒ‡ eü fyf[krþ

tUedky ,oa eBokl eSaus iwT;ikn okeu egkjktthdh ekrk ije lkèoh vkSj fonw"kh Jherh Hkxorh nsohds eq[kls cgqr fnu igys lquk gS fd mudk tUe ikS"k eklesa Ï".k i{kdh uoeh frfFk („… fnlEcj ƒ‹„ƒ bZ-) dks iwoZ caxky (orZekuesa caxykns'kesa) ds [kqyuk ftysds ihyx‘ x¡koesa gqvk FkkA muds ckY;dkydk uke lUrks"k dqekj FkkA muds firkthdk uke Jhlrh'kpUæ FkkA JhlrhÓkpUæus gekjs ijekjkè;re Jhxq#ikniù ¬ fo".kqikn JhJheÚfäizKku ds'ko xksLokeh egkjktls nh{kk xzg.k dh Fkh rFkk nh{kkds ckn mudk uke çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 149


JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjkt(ƒ) ûJhJhxq#xkSjkÂkS t;r%û

ýJhikn vuÂeksgu czãpkjhus „ ekpZ ƒ‹‡Œ] QkYxquh =;ksnÓkh frfFk] c`gLifrokjdks nksigjd nks ctd rhu feuVij ge lcdks fpjfnud fy;s R;kxdj Loèkkeeü xeu fd;k gSA vfUre le;eü os eæklls lkr dksl nf{k.kdh vksj ^VkEcje* uked ,d vR;fèkd LokLF;dj ioZrh; LFkkuij thoud vfUre Ng ekl rd voLFkku dj jgs FksA Jhikn vu eksgu czãpkjhd çfr vR;Ur LusgÓkhy iwtuh; Hkäçoj Jhikn f=x.kkrhr czãpkjh vkSj Jh;qr xkSj&ukjk;.k nklkfèkdkjhus] vius thoudks nk¡oij yxkdj Jhikn vu eksgu czãpkjhd vfUre le;eü lsok djusdk nkf;Ro xzg.k vkSj lq;ksx çk djd ogk¡ls i=d }kjk tks laokn fn;k gS] mls ge ;gk¡ij eqfær djd bl vR;fèkd dÔdj vçdV&yhykdh okÙkkZdk Kkiu dj jgs g®Aþ

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VkEckje~ „@…@‡Œ ifrr&ikou Jhxq#nso! vkid vHk; pj.kdeyküeü ldkrj n.Mor~A çHkks] vkius ftl èku ýJhvuÂeksgu çHkqþ dks j{kk djusd fy;s fn;k Fkk] mldh j{kk djuseü v{ke gksusd dkj.k vkt e® mls [kks cSBk g¡wA os vkt çkr%dky Ng ctsls ysdj nl cts rd laKkghu (vpsru) FksA mu pkj ?kaVküeü mUgküus doy ^^gk Ï".k] xkSjlqUnj] o`Unkoueü eq>s Ï".k cqyk jgs g®] Ï".k dgk¡ g®] D;k os esjs ân;eü g®_ xq#nso dgk¡ gS_ ckck(2) dgk¡ g®] ývkidks mísÓ; djd mUgküus dgkµþ vki esjk vijkèk er ysuk_ eq>ij Ïik djukÞµbR;kfn opuküdk gh mPpkj.k fd;kA nl cts mUgü psruk vk;hA ,d cts ls iqu% mudh ukM+h de gksus yxh rFkk os iqu% mijksä opuküdk mPpkj.k djus yxsA mUgksaus <+kbZ cts xksyksd o`Unkou&èkke xeu (çLFkku) fd;k gSA mueü fdlh çdkjdh osnuk] eq[k&foÏfr bR;kfn ug° ns[kh x;h rFkk mUgküus vR;Ur ÓkkUr&çÓkkUr Hkkols ç;k.k fd;k gSA mud }kjk Hkxoku~d ukeküdk mPpkj.k] mudk ÓkkUr&çÓkkUr Hkko vkSj vkid çfr mudh Hkkoukvküdks ns[kdj gLirkyd lHkh yksx vkÓp;Zpfdr gks x;s g® ,oa mud nÓkZu djd vius HkkX; dh çÓkalk dj jgs g®A

Jhikn vuÂeksgu czãpkjhd xksyksd o`Unkou&èkkeeü ç;k.k djusij JhJheÚfäçKku dÓko xksLokeh egkjktdks laokn ig¡pkus gsrq JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjkt }kjk ^VkEckje~* ls fyf[kr i= ,oa mUg°d }kjk ^vkpk;Z&dsÓkjh* eü JhvuÂ&eksgu czãptkjhd fo"k;eü fyf[kr JhJheÚfäçKku dÓko xksLokeh egkjktdh thouh opukoyhA (2) JhvuÂeksgu czãpkjh vius xq#nso JhJheÚfäçKku dÓko xksLokeh egkjktdks ckck dgdj Hkh iqdkjk djrs FksA (1)

çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 159


ge Hkh vkid }kjk çnÙk bl nqyZHk lsokdks çk djd èkU; gq, g®A bl çdkjdk nsg&R;kx txr~eü ns[kk ug° tkrkA ge mudh iq.;&Le`frμmud Ókjhjd nkg laLdkjd mijkUr iq"ikü (jk[k) dks ,df=r djd mlμdh j{kk&gsrq mud fç; LokLFkdj LFkku flèkkckM+h xzked fy;s vHkh çLFkku djüxsA vki ÏikiwoZd lwfpr dhft,xk fd vki flèkkckM+heü dc ÓkqHkkxeu dj jgs g®A eu vfLFkj gks x;k gS] O;xzrkiwoZd vkid vkxeudh çrh{kk d:¡xk] vkid nÓkZuls vÓkkfUr nwj djd vkidh lsokeü iqu% ,dkUrfpÙkls vkRe&fu;ksx dj ikÅ¡xkA Ókh? kz gh vkidk Ïik:ih i= vkSj nÓkZu çk djusdh vkÓkk djrk g¡wA bfrµ vkidk xkSjukjk;.k

eSa (JhHkfäosnkUr ukjk;.k egkjkt) JhvuÂeksgu czãpkjhds ijyksd xeuds le; Lo;a muds fudV mifLFkr FkkA eSaus dHkh Hkh mudk eq[k efyu ugha ns[kkA os lc le; HkxoUuke djrs gq, izlUu jgrs FksA os geyksxksals fu;fer :iesa JheÚkxor] JhpSrU;pfjrke`rdk izhfriwoZd Jo.k djrs FksA muds e`nq O;ogkjls ogk¡ds NksVs&cM+s lHkh MWkDVj cM+s vkd£"kr FksA ijyksd xeuds fnu os gBkr~ mPpkj.k djus yxsµßeq>s JhjkèkkÏ".k o`Unkouesa cqyk jgs gSaA t; Jhjkèks] t; JhÏ".k] gk xkSjpUæ] gk fuR;kuUn izHkq] gk xq#nsoAÞ eSaus muls gkFk tksM+dj fuosnu fd;kµßizHkks! vki esjs Åij Hkh Ïik djsaA eq>s Hkh o`Unkoueü cqykukAÞ mUgküus gk jkèks] gk Ï".k dgrs gq, vfUre 'okl yhA lHkh ,df=r fpfdRld ,oa mifLFkrtu vk'p;Zpfdr jg x;sA eSaus cM+h xEHkhjrkls fopkj fd;k fd ;fn vtkfey vius iq=ds fy, ^ukjk;.k*&uke (ukekHkkl) mPpkj.kdj d"Ve; tUe&e`R;qls eqä gksdj oSdq.B&èkkedks izkIr dj ldrk gS] rc fQj ije xq#fu"B] lnk&loZnk vijkèkksals jfgr] lEcUèkKkuds lkFk Ï".kukedk dhrZu djusokys rFkk vius vUr le;esa lKku voLFkkesa ^gk jkèks] gk Ï".k* rFkk ^jkèkkÏ".k eq>s o`Unkouesa cqyk jgs gSa*µ,slk mPpkj.k djusokys bl mPpdksfVds xq#lsoddh dSlh xfr gksxh\ okLroesa mUgsa vo'; gh oztèkkedh izkfIr gqbZ gSA geyksx igys bl egku Hkäds lEcUèkesa dHkh Hkh ,slh dYiuk ugha dj ldrs FksA budk thou èkU; gS rFkk budh xq#lsok lkFkZd gSA ijekjkè;re Jhy xq#nsous vius fiz; lsod vuaxeksgu czãpkjhdh Le`frj{kkds fy, flèkkokM+hesa fl¼kokVh xkSM+h; eBdh LFkkiuk dhA ogk¡ vHkh rd Jhfoxzgdh fuR; lsok&iwtk] ikB&dhrZu pyrk vk jgk gS rFkk izfro"kZ JhvuÂeksgu çHkqdh Le`fresa fojgksRlo euk;k tkrk gSA

ýJhikn vu eksgu czãpkjh ,d vknÓkZ xq#lsod FksA os vius Jhxq#ikniùd fuR;lÂh] nk¡;s gLr&Lo:i rFkk lc le; mud fudV Nk;kdh Hkk¡fr jgdj lnSo mudh lq[k&LoPNUnrk vkSj vusd çdkjdh foJEHk lsokvküeü fueXu jgrs FksA os vius ljy vekf;d (vçkÏr) O;ogkj vkSj fu"diV lsokls oS".koküd foÓks"k vknj vkSj Lusgd ik= cu x;s FksA lsokdk;ks±eü fu;qä jgrs le; ,oa vU;kU; le;eü Hkh mUgü lnSo çQËfpÙk gh ns[kk tkrk FkkA mudk eqLdjkrk gqvk Jheq[ke.My lHkhd fpÙkdks vkd£"kr djrk FkkA mud tSls vknÓkZ xq#&lsodd ToyUr n`ÔkUr vR;fèkd fojys g®A mudh dÔ lgu djuseü vR;fèkd lfg".kqrk ge lHkhd fy, vknÓkZ gSA Jhikn vuÂeksgu czãpkjhd fojgeü JhxkSM+h; osnkUr lfefrd leLr lnL;] foÓks"k djd ux.; xq#Hkzkrkµge mud xq.kküls eqXèk gksdj foÓks"k :ils mudk vHkko vuqHko dj jgs g® ,oa mudh vle; ek= bôhl o"kZdh vk;qeü egkç;k.kdh dFkkdk Lej.k djd eksfgr gks jgs g®A ývkpk;Z&dsÓkjh JhJheÚfäçKku dsÓko xksLokeh mudk Jhxq#&oS".ko lsokdk ToyUr vknÓkZ gekjk egkjktthdh thouhls laxzghrþ iFk&çnÓkZd gks vkSj geü lnSo lsokeü vuqçkf.kr djsµ;gh çkFkZuk gSAþ (JhxkSM+h; if=dk] o"kZ&„] la[;k&„ ls vuqokfnr)

160 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ


Jhy xq#nsodh vLoLFk&yhyk ,oa vçdV&yhykdk vçkÏrRo rFkk mldh peRdkfjdrk

ýfuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kqikn JhJheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktd opuke`rd vkèkkjij fyf[krþ vr% ;fn Jhxq#nsod vkfoHkkZo vkSj Jhxq#nsod ßeÂy Jhxq#&xkSj(ƒ) vFkkZr~ Jhxq# vkSj JhxkSj loZ&eÂye; g®**] blfy, mudk vkfoHkkZo] frjksHkko }kjk çdVdkyeü çdkfÓkr vfreR;Z yhykvküdks gh ,oa mud }kjk bl txr~eü çdkfÓkr leLr yhyk,¡ ge oLrqr% ug° le> ikrs gSa] rc ;fn geü ÓkkL=küd Hkh ije eÂye; g®A ;fn ge bu lc yhykvküdks çek.k ;k Jhxq# vkSj Js× oS".koküd opu:ih çek.k ug° feysµrc Jhxq#nso }kjk çdkfÓkr vLoLFk&yhyk fdlh vU; n`fÔdks.kls vFkkZr~ veÂye; :ieü ns[kusdh psÔk djüx]s rks ge dHkh Hkh JhJheÚfäçKkuvkSj mudh vçdV&yhykeü fNih ije&eÂye;rkdks dÓko xksLokeh egkjkt }kjk dfFkr mä inds ;FkkFkZle> ikuseü gekjh v;ksX;rkd fo"k;eü rks fQj dguk gh D;k\ ;fn ge Jhxq# vkSj egkHkkxor rkRi;Zdks le> ug° ldüxsA oS".koksadh ckgjh vLoLFkrk rFkk mudh vçdVyhyk ;fn ge Jhxq # dh vkfoHkkZ o &yhyk rFkk vkfoHkkZod mijkUr mud }kjk tçdV dkyeü vkSj ,slh yhykvküeü vUr£ufgr okLrfod mísÓ; çdkfÓkr vU;&vU; yhykvküdks vius vfèkdkj ;k vkSj vxkèk d#.kkdk nÓkZu ug° dj ldüxs] rc ;ksX;rkd vuqlkj le>usdk ç;kl djüxs] rks ge muge vius fuR;&dY;k.kls loZnk of´pr jg tk,¡xsA Jhxq# iw.kZ:ils vfreR;Z vçkÏr egkiq#"k g®A yhykvksadks ckgjh n`f"Vdks.kls gh le>useü ckè; gküxAs mlh çdkj mud }kjk çdkfÓkr dh x;h yhykvküeü os dHkh Hkh deZQy&ckè; thoküdh Hkk¡fr HkkSfrd u doy gekjk] vfirq] lEiw.kZtxr~dk D;k eÂy nq[k ;k jksxls ihfM+r ug° gksrs g® rFkk Jhxq#d bl fufgr gS] mls Hkh le>useü iw.kZr% vleFkZ gküxsA txreü çdV gksus rFkk bl txrls vçdV gksusdk vr% Jhxq#nsodh Ïik çkIr gksusls gh Jhxq#nso }kjk dksbZ ykSfdd dkj.k Hkh ug° gksrk gSA c¼&tho çdkfÓkr yhykvküdks iw.kZ:ils le>uk lEHko gSA tUe&tUekUrjeü HkkSfrd dkj.kküls HkkSfrd Ókjhjküdks iqu% iqu% èkkj.k djrs rFkk R;kxrs g®A vr% Jhxq#dh - -- -- ------------ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ,slh vLoLFk yhyk c¼&thoküdh voLFkkls iw.kZr% (ƒ) JhJheÚfäçKku dÓko xksLokeh egkjkt }kjk fyf[kr foijhr gSA eÂy&vkjrhdk inA çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 161


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166 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ


çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 167


168 3 JhJhHkkxor&if=dk o"kZ Š la[;k ‹&ƒŒ


Jhy xq#nsodk çFke&o"kZiw£r fojg&egksRlo

txåq # fuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kq i kn eBeü ijexq#nso fuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kqikn vÔksÙkjÓkrJh JheÚfäçKku dÓko xksOkkeh egkjktd vÔksÙkjÓkrJh JheÚfäçKku dÓko xksLokeh egkjkt ,oa ijekjk/; fuR;yhykçfoÔ JhJheÚfäosnkUr vUrj ifjdj fuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kqikn vÔksÙkjÓkrJh JheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh okeu xksLokeh egkjktdh lekfèkd nÓkZu ,oa ifjØek djusd ckn xÂkthd ef.kiqjh ?kkVls gksrs egkjktdk çFke&o"kZiw£r fojg&egksRlo … ikS"k] gq, ijekjkè; fuR;yhykçfoÔ JhJheÚfäosnkUr Ï".k&uoeh] lkseokj] ƒ‹ fnlEcj „Œƒƒ dks mudh vçkÏr lekfèk&LFkyh JhJhdÓkoth xkSM+h; f=foØe xksLokeh egkjktdh lekfèk ,oa vUreü eB] Jhèkke uo}hieü vR;Ur vknj ,oa ;Ru lfgr ijekjkè; fuR;yhykçfoÔ JhJheÚfäj{kd Jhèkj xksLokeh egkjktd lekfèk&efUnjd nÓkZud mijkUr JhxkSM+h;&oS".ko jhfrd vuqlkj vuqf×r gqvkA fojg&egksRlols nks fnu iwoZ vFkkZr~ Ókfuokj] JhJhdÓkoth xkSMh+ ; eBeü lek gqvkA uxj&lÁhrZueü ƒ‰ fnlEcj „Œƒƒ dks Jhy xq#ikniùd pj.kkfJr Jhy xq#nsodk iq"i&lqlfTtr vkys[; ,d lqlfTtr nsÓk&fonsÓkls lekxr Hkäkü }kjk JhJhdÓkoth okguij fojkftr FkkA bl uxj&lÁhrZueü vusdkusd xkSM+h; eB] Jhuo}hils ,d fojkV uxj&lÁhrZudk laU;klh] czãpkjh rFkk fofHkék&LFkkuküls vk;s J¼kyq vk;kstu fd;k x;k tks uo}hi Ókgjd fofHkék x`gLFk Hkäküus ;ksxnku fn;kA ekxks± }kjk gksrk gqvk loZçFke JhnsokuUn xkSM+h; çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 169


Jhy egkjktthus vius çdV&dkyeü gh bPNk vR;Ur nq%f[kr ân;ls lwfpr fd;k tkrk gS fd xr ‰ tuojh] „Œƒ„ bZ- ÓkqØokj] ikS"k (ukjk;.k) O;ä dh Fkh fd muds vçdVds mijkUr mUgsa [kM+xiqj ftysd vUrxZr dÓkh;kM+heü lekfèk çnku dh tk;A ekldh ÓkqDyk&=;ksnÓkh frfFkdks txåq# ¬ Jhy egkjktthdh blh bPNkd vuqlkj mlh fnu fo".kqikn vÔksÙkjÓkrJh JheÚfäfl¼kUr ljLorh Bkdj ^çHkqikn* d bl txr~eü orZeku vfUre R;kxh vijkÊ dkyeü mud fnO;&dysojdks iq"i lqlfTtr fÓk"; ¬ fo".kqikn vÔksÙkjÓkrJh JheÚfädeqn okgu }kjk dÓkh;kM+h fLFkr mud }kjk çfrf"Br lUr xksLokeh egkjktus vius pj.kkfJr lsodküdks ipkl o"kZls çkphu JhJhxkSjk eBeü yk;k x;kA Jhy egkjktthd fnO; dysojd dsÓkh;kM+h rhoz fojgleqæeü fuefTtrdj LosPNkiwoZd Jhy Hkfäfouksn Bkdj ,oa Jhy Hkfäfl¼kUr ljLorh igq¡pusij fojgeü ØUnujr vusdkusd Hkäküus xksLokeh Bkdj çHkqikndh vçdV&yhyk LFkyh lÁhrZu ,oa iq"io"kkZd }kjk mudh vxokuh ,oa Lokxr fd;kA Jhy egkjktthd vkxeuls iwoZ dksydkrkeü jkf= ,d cts JhJhjkèkkÏ".kdh Hkäküus Jhy egkjktthdh lekfèk&LFkyhdks iq"ikü }kjk uSÓk&yhykeü çosÓk fd;k gSA çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 173


foÓks"k&lwpuk JhJhxq#&xkSjkÂd vlhe Ïik&vkÓkhoZknls ^JhJhHkkxor&if=dk* vius lEiw.kZ&vÔe o"kZeü Jhy xq#nso fuR;yhykçfoÔ ¬ fo".kqikn vÔksÙkjÓkrJh JheÚfäosnkUr ukjk;.k xksLokeh egkjktthd f}ekfld fojg&foÓks"kkÁküds :iesa ,d lkFk nks&nks la[;kvküeü çdkfÓkr gqbZ gaSA bl egku lsok dk;Zdks lq"Bq :ieü lEikfnr djusd fy, JhJhHkkxor&if=dkd lân; ikBdkü ,oa ÓkqHkfpUrdküdk foÓks"k ;ksxnku jgk gS] vr% ge mu lcd çfr viuh vkUrfjd ÏrKrk Kkiu djrs g®A JhxkSj&iwf.kZekd mijkUr ^JhJhHkkxor&if=dk* vius uoe&o"kZls iqu% ekfld :ieü çdkfÓkr gksxhA JhJhHkkxor&if=dkd vÔe o"kZd fojg&foÓks"kkÁküd jaxhu eqæ.k ,oa lfp= fMtkbuls mRlkfgr gksdj gekjs vusdkusd ikBdksaus iqu% iqu% vkxzg fd;k gS fd Hkfo";esa Hkh blh çdkj vPNs dkxtij JhJhHkkxor&if=dkdk jaxhu lfp= çdkÓku gksusls cgqr vkuUndk fo"k; gksxkA JhJhxq#&xkSjkÂdh foÓks"k Ïik ,oa ikBdksad ckjEckj fuosnuls vuqçkf.kr gksdj gh geus mud bl vuqjksèkdks Lohdkjdj Hkfo";eü Hkh JhJhHkkxor&if=dkd jaxhu ,oa lfp= çdkÓkudk fu.kZ; fy;k gSA JhJhHkkxor&if=dkd mä :ieü çdkÓku gsrq vkxkeh uoe o"kZls if=dkdk lsok&ÓkqYd dN ofèZkr gqvk gS ftldk fooj.k bl çdkj gSμ okf"kZd (ƒ„ vad) iokf"kZd (ˆŒ vad) vkthou lnL; laj{kd lnL; µ fonsÓk&okf"kZd iokf"Zkd

µ µ

µ ` …ŒŒ µ ` ƒ]„ŒŒ µ ` ‰ ] ‡ŒŒ ` ƒŒ]ŒŒŒ

(foÓks"k xzUFk migkj) (foÓks"k xzUFk migkj)

$ 35 $ 120

gesa vkÓkk gS fd gekjs lHkh ikBdx.k JhJhHkkxor&if=dkd Lo:i vkSj dysojdks vkd"kZd cukusd bl ç;kleü geü iw.kZ lg;ksx çnku djüxsA Jhgfj&xq#&oS".ko lsokfHkyk"kh ^JhJhHkkxor&if=dk* dk lEiknd ,oa dk;Zdkjh e.My Jhy xq#nsod çfr viuh ÏrKrkdk Lej.k djrs gq, Jhy xq#nsod pj.kkfJr (ƒ) Jhikn HkfäosnkUr rhFkZ egkjkt] („) Jhenueksgu xkSMh+; eB] cÂyksjd Hkäo`Un] (…) JhvkuUn Lo#i dyk (vkuUn&èkke] o`Unkou) (†) Jhiq#"kksÙke nkl (eqEcbZ) (‡) Jhçsenkl (eFkqjk) us bl fojg&foÓks"kkÁ la[;k&ˆd çdkÓku gsrq vkfFZkd ;ksxnkud }kjk foÓks"k lsok&lkSHkkX;dks oj.k fd;k gSA bu lcdh foÓks"k lsokd fy, Jhy xq#nso vius fuR;èkkels buij foÓks"k Ïik of"kZr djüμ;gh Jhy xq#nsod vHk; pj.kdeyküeü fouez çkFkZuk gSA ^JhJhHkkxor&if=dk* dk lEiknd ,oa dk;Zdkjh e.My çFke o"kZ&iw£r fojg&foÓks"kkad (la[;k&ˆ) 3 175


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