The Folio of Scott Mawhinney
Hello, My name is Scott Mawhinney, I am an industrial Designer currently undertaking my last year of a BA of Industrial design at RMIT. Within this folio I have collected a few projects that I have completed during my time at RMIT, I have also added a few pages that represent my skills, personality and design focus. Thank you for taking the time to look over my work.
Contact Details Email:
Contents 1. Projects
2. My Skills
3. My Personality
Project 1: Connected Health Project 2: Heavy Metal / Light Metal Project 3 Prototype Scooter Project 4 The Red Flag Network
Connected Health For this project students took the role of industrial design consultants working for a technology company that wanted to design applications for their technology in remote patient monitoring (RPM) devices. The company is highly skilled in current and emerging forms of wireless communication and software and wanted to branch into a physical product. Focusing on personal / home health monitoring, the product would be designed around elderly people suffering from early to late onset dementia and in particular alzheimerâ€™s. This product would be designed to enable more independence for the user while giving family and doctors the opportunity to contact and monitor the users health remotely. At later stages when the user needs more hands on help this device would then facilitate home care for the next of kin, providing access to services in the home and allow monitoring of the alzheimerâ€™s patient remotely from the carers place of employment.
Research on Dementia A.
342,800 Australians suffer from dementia
A B C
96% of dementia patients are 65 and over.
What drives their needs Fear - The elderly fear their independence will be taken away and hide symptoms.
Nearly two thirds of all patients are women.
- Medical devices are frightening to elderly patients and are often not used.
Mobility & Memory
- Mobility issues and dementia cause a risk when medications are not taken.
63% of patients are widowed, divorced, separated or never married.
Over the next 14 years..... $83b
Access to Information $4.9b
> Cases in Australia
2029 > cost of dementia Page: 8
- Family Carers become frustrated at the lack of assistance and consolidated services or information.
High Quality Should last at least 14 years with few technical issues
Simple Should provide relevant functionality and information in as easy to access form
Friendly The product should look friendly and fit in with the patient and carers lifestyle and not seem confrontational.
Concept Development THREE CONCEPT RENDERS PRESENTED FOR PEER REVIEW
where put forward for peer review, a brief explanation of the demographic and function was
Concept 1 proved to be the clear
favorite, improvement on concept
one included using softer materials
than the brushed steel.
improvements that could be
The refined concept (left) included
a wood front bezel and an anodized frame on the back.
When the previous concept was reviewed it was suggested that applying design styling to this object would define it better, the final concept (above) takes its styling from Danish furniture design. It was also suggested that the rear of the unit should be more aesthetically pleasing. Page: 11
Connected Health - Link Hub
Connected Health - Link Hub
User Interface The user interface of the Link Home Hub is designed to be easy to navigate and learn to use, focusing on the needs of elderly suffering from the early onset of dementia. The video phone directory has pictures of loved ones along with the details of that person, this is designed to allow the user to constantly refresh their memory when using the device.
The Link is connected to all the services they would need from a direct consultation with there local doctor through to house cleaning and food delivery services.
Product Story Board Scenario: Doctors Appointment
Alternative Links to Doctors
Once booked the doctor confirms the appointment from their office
The patient opens the Link UI to the Medical Services Tab
The Link has the patients doctor setup on the system
This confirmation is then sent back to the patients Link
On the day Doctor calls the Patient to do a video consultation
Through the Link a live booking calender can be accessed
The doctor renews a prescription and sends it to the patients pharmacy
Potential product environment
Heart Beat Monitor Pedometer GPS Tracker and Alarm
Wifi Connected Cable Connected Current Systems Proposed Product
Medical Records Alerts and Emergencyâ€™s
Video Phone System Interface
Alarm Checks if pills have been taken Hands off pills action
Interface Biometric Graphs
Spirometry Blood Test Blood Pressure
- Sleep Monitor - Exercise Monitor (Pedometer)
Medicine advice - missing doses - side effects Care advise based on metrics Services Portal Care Plan Scheduler
Families Network Access Care Plan Schedule Alerts and Emergencyâ€™s
Technical Detail 4 x 4 mm Hex Key Bolts HD Camera with built in microphone
Aluminium Sheet Metal PCB Frame Press Fit Angle Joiners
WIFI Antenna (Edge of PCB)
1080p LED Touch Screen
LI-ON Battery SSD Hard Drive Anodized Plastic Legs and Rear Cover PCB Unit
Speaker RJ45 & 2 x USB Port
Anodized Sheet Metal Frame
Milled/Anodized Front Bezel
HD CAMERA AND MIC
FOLD OUT LEGS
VESA MONITOR MOUNT
2 X USB 1 X RJ45 SPEAKER TUBE
References Image: High Quality Stamp, http://www.sciseek.com/search/web/quality%20product Image: Simple Remote, http://store.radxa.com/products/remote Image: Complex Remote, http://www.satlover.eu/forum/all-other-receivers/5921-showbox-hd-5000-vitamin.html Image: Friendly Teddy Bear, http://www.sheknows.com/parenting/articles/1056017/moms-must-haves-clever-ways-to-deal-with-your-kids-seasonal-allergies Website: Australian Beauru of Statistics – Dementia and Alzheimer’s statistics, http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0Main+Features50Dec+2012 Website: Fight Dementia.com, https://fightdementia.org.au/national/about-dementia-and-memory-loss/statistics Website: Better Health – Dementia Explained, http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Dementia_explained Website: Better Health – Dementia Advice for Families, http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Dementia_-_advice_for_families?open Website: Better Health – Dementia Alzheimer’s Disease, http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Dementia_-_Alzheimer’s_disease?open Website: Better Health – Dementia Behavioural Changes, http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Dementia_-_behaviour_changes?open Website: Better Health – Dementia Carers and Activites, http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Dementia_-_carers_and_activities?open Website: Better Health – Dementia Early Planning, http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Dementia_-_early_planning?open Website: How to choose the right watch size, http://www.iostipsandtricks.biz/how-to-choose-the-right-apple-watch-band-size/
Heavy metal / Light Metal This studio explored a range of metal fabrication and craft techniques used in small object design, we studied the methods that where employed in the 1800â€™s by blacksmiths jewelry makers and Industrial Designers such as Christopher Dressers. The studio was run in two halves Heavy Metal techniques and Light Metal techniques, these covered the fabrication of Iron and light metals such as copper and Brass respectively. With our new found skills we had to employ them in the creation of a small functional object. The object I chose was the teapot.
Heavy Metal The heavy metal side of the studio was run by lecturer Dr Judith Glover. Having had a lot of experience in heavy metal fabrication prior to undertaking this studio at RMIT, and a lot of the techniques where familiar to me. The class went through how to measure and cut accurate slots in metal using precision band saws, taping threads, shaping metal through heating, preparing metal for welding and understanding the welding joints used in fabrication of steel and other heavy metals.
Light Metal The light metal side of the studio was coordinated by Emma Luke Industrial Designer and Creative Director of Mecurialist Studio, Emma showed us many of the techniques that she uses at Mecurialist Studios. One of the fine examples of her work is a multi-part cast of a Bird Cranium (Pictured far left), this life cast required many different mould parts in order to accurately be cast in metal. Some of the process we when through in this part of the studio included lost wax casting, wax carving, braze welding, polishing, creating silicone moulds, and adding a patina to metal.
Design and Construction
Conclusion Throughout this project the design changed somewhat as easier methods of fabrication arose, in most cases this came about while trying to make the teapot and provided a good design feedback loop throughout the process. Many obstacles and issues arose that I would endeavor to work around if I where to move to a manufactured version of this teapot, Overall this project was an excellent application of fabrication techniques and an insight into the difficulties of manufacturing high quality products without the unit cost of the object being unviable. Page: 25
Throughout the initial concept phase of this project I wanted to create an object that would be structural and mechanical, one of my concepts was of a kick scooter that was propelled by the mechanical force of the rider. During my research I found several examples of scooters that used spring loaded chain or sawtooth mechanisms for locomotion during the 1920â€™s and 30â€™s in Europe, I wanted to update this design using modern bike equipment and manufacturing techniques, to create an interesting alternative to kick scooters and bicycles.
Research and cad work
1920's German Kick Scooter
Left image: This is an example of a 1920â€™s German kick scooter that had a ratchet pedal mechanism that could be used to coast along German roads during the depression, these scooters where popular during the depression because of their relatively cheap construction compared to bicycles at the time.
Prototype Frame Design
German Kick Scooter, http://www.omerohome.com/product/vintage-german-kick-push-scooter
The Frame For the frame construction I wanted to make sure that the components would be easy to fit inside the scooter and that the frame would be strong enough to support an adult rider while not being too heavy to ride or carry. With this in mind I decided to construct the frame out of 6061 aluminium alloy sheet processed in a water jet cutter and welded together using slot joints similar to those used in model aircraft construction.
How it works 1
1. The mechanism on the scooter has been designed to include elements of bike mechanics and linkages used in steam locomotives in order to direct linear movement into rotational movement turning the scooter wheels. 2. When the riders front foot presses down on the board it moves the
linkages and drives a toothed rack backwards, this rack turns a drive ratchet clockwise turning a bike chain that drives the back wheel. 3. The ratchet allows the forward moment of the rear wheel and chain to continue as the riders foot is lifted from the board, a return spring on the rack pushes the board and links into the starting position. NB: The act of rider shifting their body weight to the front of the board allows gravity to increase the force on the movement reducing the effort require by the rider. Page: 29
Construction: Milled parts
Construction: Sheet Metal processing
Title Page Picture
the red flag network RAISING THE RED FLAG ON PUBLIC HEALTH
THE RED FLAG NETWORK
The Red Flag Network is an integrated system of personal medical data and automated analysis. This system creates a standard integrated service, connecting all fragmented medical health services and physicians into one interconnected framework. This system ensures that users engaging at any point of the service are getting a higher quality of care regardless of the point at which these services are accessed. It facilitates peer reviews on diagnosis and monitoring of patients drug administration which aims at reducing the complications that arise from misdiagnosis and drug incompatibility. This network facilitates access of user specific information between Â certified medical providers without the limitations of bureaucracy. It also provides a system for distributing information on the latest research, and medical treatments keeping medical staff at the forefront of the best practices. At the back end, data is anonymously collected to monitor public health as a whole. By analysing the data, information can be communicated in a way that can give medical experts and policy makers insight into public health trends. Allowing decisions to be made when a public health issue starts to become a major problem. A project by SCOTT MAWHINNEY & JOSHUA SUKLAN
Joshua Suklan: https://au.linkedin.com/in/joshua-suklan-b80b53a8 Page: 35
the red flag network journey !
if there may be a misdiagnosis or referral needed
sign to give information freely & anonymously
prognosis/symptoms and basic info entered into a database
physician review or referal
if misdiagnosis call in patient to reassess
database of ails
local network of physicians (to the patient)
data analysis/entry -basic info (demographics) -medications -diagnosis
! prescription given
purchased at the pharmacy and noted in the system
medication denied & physician notified if more than one of the same prescription is given within 5 days from a different location
filtered â€œheatâ€? map -age -gender -locale -different ails -acp -donors
if the chemical mix of multiple medications are problematic
government seeing where funds could: -be better spent -areas of focus -new/old issues raised/alleviated
DATA ANALYSIS AND METRICS DATABASE PORTAL
the red flag network RAISING THE RED FLAG ON PUBLIC HEALTH
140,000 CASES OF MISDIAGNOSIS PER YEAR
Has been misdiagnosed.
CASES BY CITY CITY
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
10- 15 % OF ALL DIAGNOSIES ARE INCORRECT
SYDNEY MELBOURNE BRISBANE PERTH ADELAIDE CANBERRA HOBART DARWIN
9 10 11 12
13 14 11
Cairns Townsville Coffs Harbour Bendigo Launceston Bunbury Rest of Country
22,500 19,000 18,800 16,200 15,500 13,500
Doesn’t feel confident in G.P. integrity and has lost faith in the system.
21,000 CASES OF SERIOUS HARM EACH YEAR
NEEDS A better way to stay in touch with the same doctor An easier avenue to get a referal, or to get a second opinion
11,000 2,100 8,000 6,000 2,500 1,500 1,500 900 1,000
G.P. PRIvATE PRACTICE • • •
Has had poor communication with G.P. after diagnosis.
TOTAL CASES 2016 140,000
who is it for?
maya sims, 33 LAw FIRm
STATISTICS ON MISDIAGNOSIS CASES
dr philip jones, 45
NEEDS Less paperwork Less workload stress Increase quality of care An easier way to check up on his patients
Due to an increase in popularity and patient number, he is experiencing pressure to perform without degrading his quality of service.
HEAT MAP KEY
CASES RESULTING IN DEATH
Sarah mac, 29 PUBLIC HEALTH SECTOR
DATA ANALyTICS OFFICER
BETWEEN 2,000 - 4,000 CASES EACH YEAR RESULT IN DEATH
TOTAL NUMBER OF CASES
Current tools take too long. NB: ALL STATISTICS STATED IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF DIAGNOSTIC ERROR SECTION ARE ARBITRARY AND DO NOT REPRESENT REAL LIFE DISTRIBUTION OF CASES, THE OVERALL STATISTICS FOR DIAGNOSITC ERRORS WAS GATHERED FROM http://thconversation.com/the-hidden-problem-of-medical-misdiagnosis-and-how-to-fix-it-14662 ACCESSED ON THE 09-OCT-2009
NUMBER OF SERIOUS CASES
the red flag network RAISING THE RED FLAG ON PUBLIC HEALTH
METRIC PARAMETER SETTINGS
Disjointed data • delivery from physical documentation. • misinformation and innacuracy leading to loss of funding
NEEDS Live and digitised data inventory Reliable trend analysis software Visualise trend data more efficiently
METRIC TRACKING: MEDICAL MISDIAGNOSIS CASES BY CITY
GREEN FLAG CITY 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
SYDNEY MELBOURNE BRISBANE PERTH ADELAIDE CANBERRA HOBART DARWIN 9 10
22,500 19,000 18,800 16,200 15,500 13,500 11,000
Cairns Townsville Coffs Harbour Bendigo Launceston Bunbury
2,100 8,000 6,000 2,500 1,500 1,500 900
DATA ANALYSIS AND METRICS
Raw data is useless unless it can be communicated in an effective visual way, this allows policy makers and medical practitioners to identify areas that need attention without having to expend a great deal of time analysing the data. TOP LEFT: In this example a ‘Heat Map’ is being utilized to visually represent the distribution and quantity of misdiagnoses case. This map is combined with the snapshot data in on the left hand side to illustrate the most important elements of this issue. With the use of the heat map key we can identify areas that may have a higher than normal rates of mis-diagnosis and areas that have higher rates of fatalities. These dashboards allow for the quick and efficient monitoring of a wide range of data sets efficiently. BOTTOM LEFT: When required the system will allow users to drill down into the data. In the example on the right a graphical representation of the same data has been laid out in a line graph, this page shows the number of cases over time and the tolerance levels for that data set. The system raises a flag if levels go higher than the upper limit, when triggered a distribution list of users are notified. Recommendations for resolving the issue can then be implemented as soon as possible, this flag will only be removed once the levels of the data set go below the lower limit. This setup makes sure that issues requiring a long term solution or commitment will be highlighted until resolved. These levels will be coordinated through recommendations from medical experts and policy makers.
2. My Skills Sketching
CAD Software Page: 44
Skills Summary 10
Visual Communication engineering Page: 45
IT Tech Skills
MS Office Suite
10 9 8 7
6 5 4 3
3. My Personality My Design Philosophy
- Less but better
- Function through simplified design
- Simple / User Friendly / Functional Inspiration
Peter Behrens - Less is more - fewer elements make a better design
As little Design as possible
Thorough Design Understandable
What I do in my spare time
Beer making & drinking
Meyers Briggs Results
Source: https://www.16personalities.com/free-personality-test Page: 49
Thank you for taking the time to review my Folio. Regards Scott Mawhinney